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Training for Community Broadcasters

A resource kit for trainers
CUF20401 Certificate II in Broadcasting (Radio) CUF30301 Certificate III in Broadcasting (Radio)

© NSW DET 2002

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3 2.4 CUF20401 Certificate II in Broadcasting (Radio)_______________________ 13 CUF30301 Certificate III in Broadcasting (Radio) ______________________ 19 Short courses_____________________________________________________ 28 Learning and assessment strategies __________________________________ 32 3.2 1.2 2.1 1.3 1.1 2.2 Overview for potential candidates ___________________________________ 37 Tips for assessors _________________________________________________ 39 5. Resources ______________________________________________________ 41 5.2 4.Table of Contents Introduction _________________________________________________________3 1. Learner guide ___________________________________________________ 34 Recognition of prior learning (RPL) _________________________________ 37 4.2 Compiling your own resource kit ____________________________________ 41 List of sessions____________________________________________________ 42 © NSW DET 2002 2 .4 Overview _________________________________________________________ 4 Step by step guide __________________________________________________ 5 Tips for trainers and assessors _______________________________________ 5 Sample forms _____________________________________________________ 8 2.1 5. 4. Trainer guide ____________________________________________________4 1. Training programs _______________________________________________13 2.

Here you will find: Trainer resources . In the RPL (recognition of prior learning) section you will find: • • • • • • • Information for students on how their existing skills can be assessed to gain credit towards national qualifications Tips for assessors on how to organise RPL services. • • • • • • • • • • • Radio industry Media law and broadcasting codes of practice Interviewing and editing Basic technical operations Planning. In the Training Programs section you will find: Examples of how to cluster units into training programs that focus on a range of different outcomes An overview of learning and assessment strategies for the clusters of units that relate to the topic areas.session plans and resources for learning activities Learner resources – information sheets. The Resources section is the heart of the kit. recommended reading and a guide to online resources Assessment tools Glossary of broadcasting terms Bibliography and guide to further resources. The Learner Guide section contains information for students about how training programs at community radio stations relate to national qualifications. The resources have been designed to support qualified workplace trainers 1 delivering: The following topic areas are covered by a combination of training sessions and work-based projects and activities.1. preparing and presenting programs Sound recording and editing Administration and computer applications Sales Training. 1. 1 Trainers who have the Certificate IV in Training and Assessment.1 • • • Trainer guide Overview CUF20401 Certificate II in Broadcasting (Radio) CUF30301 Certificate III in Broadcasting (Radio) Short courses based on clusters of units from the full certificate programs. © NSW DET 2002 3 .

practise skills over a period of time and work on projects before they are ready for assessment. Total 3 25-35 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 18 15-20 50-90 35-50 45-55 48 170-240 © NSW DET 2002 4 . assisting experienced broadcasters.1 CUF20401 Certificate II in Broadcasting (Radio) Program One (emphasis on basic production and presentation skills) Sessions No Content Topic Radio and your station 1 Nominal Hours Session Practice Media law and standards Basic technical operations On-air presentation Projects Your station and training program orientation 3 Radio industry in Australia 14 Radio industry in Australia 17 Occupational health and safety 4 Media law and codes of practice 10 Media law and codes of practice 2 Using a portable recorder 7 Panel operation 13 Editing 6 Presentation style and vocal techniques Trainees acquire skills through real or simulated projects and activities at radio stations. as a general principle. The order in which Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) deliver units will depend on factors such as: • • • • Whether learners enrol in a full qualification (either Certificate II or III) Whether learners want to undertake only selected units from a qualification Learners’ existing skills and knowledge Whether the training is being delivered mainly on the job as part of a New Apprenticeship. Between sessions trainees will be doing a range of follow-up activities. practical activities should be introduced early in the training program and be included in as many sessions as possible. Therefore each session usually addresses aspects of several units simultaneously. The sample programs in this section represent only some of the ways units from the training package can be clustered to achieve full certificate qualifications or statements of attainment. 2. Training programs There are as many ways of delivering training as there are trainers and training needs. practice and supervision of individual or group projects. e. trainees need to complete several sessions. Training package qualifications require a holistic approach to delivery and assessment. However. Trainers should schedule sessions for revision.2. practising the use of equipment.g. undertaking research and working on projects. However.

© NSW DET 2002 5 . off the job or through a combination of these. full-time ethnic community radio stations. but not written by the trainee) vox pops recorded by the trainee on a portable recorder and edited by the trainee into a short segment. Copies of all audio material produced by trainees should also be kept. Work-based projects provide the framework for a holistic approach to assessing clusters of units. A running sheet and brief self-evaluation of the program must accompany the recording. as they provide evidence of progress towards achieving competence. Here trainees keep copies of assessment tasks or exercises completed during the training program.g. • • • Minor Project A portfolio containing: an outline for a program entitled Radio – the Inside Story. e. Off the job assessment should be undertaken in a closely simulated workplace environment. Greek commercial station 3XY. This project provides a framework for demonstrating research and information gathering skills in the context of acquiring knowledge about the radio industry. Learning activities and associated assessment tasks have been devised around an assessment framework based on major and minor projects supported by a learning journal or diary. • • Learning Journal The journal or diary contributes to evidence of the trainee’s ability to collect and organise information. Assessment should be undertaken on a progressive basis throughout the training program. The material can focus on any one of the following: • Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) • commercial radio • community radio • multilingual or non-English language broadcasters. Major Project Candidates in Program One are required to record a simulated live-to-air program of 30 minutes duration containing: music and announcing style appropriate to the target audience two announcements (read. Special Broadcasting Service (SBS). raw material (audio or print) for the program.Assessment Assessment may take place on the job.

For more electives. ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ 2 The Community Broadcasting Association of Australia (CBAA) regards this unit as compulsory for community radio and includes it in Group A in their training programs. safety and security procedures Collect and organise information Edit sound using analogue systems Edit sound using digital systems Operate a portable audio recorder Operate a studio panel Purchase or hire equipment/supplies Work in a culturally diverse environment Work with others Identify industry laws and regulations and apply them to workplace activities Edit sound using analogue systems Edit sound using digital systems Access and use the internet Collect and organise information Purchase or hire equipment/supplies Undertake general administrative procedures Manage own work and learning Operate a portable audio recorder Operate a studio panel Record sound Develop and maintain the general knowledge required by presenters Present information on-air Sell products and services Update web pages Group A Complete both units Units completed in Program One ◄ ◄ B Complete at least three units ◄ ◄ ◄ C Complete at least four units. Note: Units included here cover skills frequently required at radio stations. © NSW DET 2002 6 . see the unit bank in the training package.Units Completed in Program One Requirements for CUF20401 Certificate II in Broadcasting (Radio) Code Units CUFGENO1A CUFSAF01A CUSRAD01A CUSSOU07A CUSSOU12A CUSSOU02A CUFSOU02A CUSADM01A CUSGEN02A CUECOR2A CUFGEN02A 2 CUSSOU07A CUSSOU12A ICPMM63bB CUSRAD01A CUSADM01A CUECLE1A CUECOR1A CUSSOU02A CUFSOU02A CUSSOU04A CUFAIR01A CUFAIR03A CUFMAR01A CUFMEM12A Develop and apply industry knowledge Follow health.

Trainers should schedule sessions for revision. Off the job assessment should be undertaken in a closely simulated workplace environment. Total 80-100 45-55 66 215-300 Assessment Assessment may take place on the job. Assessment should be undertaken on a progressive basis throughout the training program.2. off the job or through a combination of these. © NSW DET 2002 7 . Work-based projects provide the framework for a holistic approach to assessing clusters of units. practice and supervision of individual or group projects.2 CUF30301 Certificate III in Broadcasting (Radio) Program Three (emphasis on spoken word programming) Sessions No Content Topic Radio and your station 1 3 14 17 4 10 7 13 5 6 8 Nominal Hours Session Practice Media law and standards Basic technical operations Preparing and presenting a program Your station and training program orientation Radio industry in Australia Radio industry in Australia Occupational health and safety Media law and codes of practice Media law and codes of practice Panel operation Editing Planning a program Presentation style and vocal techniques 3 25-35 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 18 15-20 50-90 Projects Presenting a program proposal 9 Putting a program together 11 Interviewing 12 Interviewing and editing 15 Writing for radio 16 Program evaluation Trainees acquire skills through real or simulated projects and activities at radio stations. Learning activities and associated assessment tasks have been devised around an assessment framework based on major and minor projects supported by a learning journal or diary.

© NSW DET 2002 8 . as they provide evidence of progress towards achieving competence. • Minor Project A portfolio containing: an outline for a program entitled Radio – the Inside Story.Major Project Candidates in Program Three are required to produce a 30 minute pre-recorded program containing: music and announcing style appropriate to the target audience and program content • two announcements written by the trainee • two interviews recorded and edited by the trainee A running sheet and brief self-evaluation of the program must accompany the recording. full-time ethnic community radio stations. • • Learning Journal The journal or diary contributes to evidence of the trainee’s ability to collect and organise information. This project provides a framework for demonstrating research and information gathering skills in the context of acquiring knowledge about the radio industry. e. raw material (audio or print) for the program. Copies of all audio material produced by trainees should also be kept. Special Broadcasting Service (SBS). Greek commercial station 3XY. The material can focus on any one of the following: • Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) • commercial radio • community radio • multi-lingual or non-English language broadcasters. Here trainees keep copies of assessment tasks or exercises completed during the training program.g.

© NSW DET 2002 9 . safety and security procedures Address copyright requirements Collect and organise information Plan and prepare a program Develop and maintain the general knowledge required by presenters Present information on-air Conduct a live voice report Conduct an interview Edit sound using analogue systems Edit sound using digital systems Mix sound sources Write a news voice report Write content and/or copy Operate a studio panel Record sound Work in a culturally diverse environment Work with others Identify industry laws and regulations and apply them to workplace activities Address copyright requirements Edit sound using analogue systems Edit sound using digital systems Collect and organise information Purchase or hire equipment/supplies Undertake general administrative procedures Manage own work and learning Operate a studio panel Record sound Plan and prepare a program Develop and maintain the general knowledge required by presenters Present information on-air Sell products and services Update web pages Conduct a live voice report Conduct an interview Set up. Note: Units included here cover skills frequently required at radio stations. CUSADM08A CUSSOU07A CUSSOU12A CUSRAD01A CUSADM01A CUECLE1A CUECOR1A CUFSOU02A CUSSOU04A CUFPOP17A CUFAIR01A CUFAIR03A CUFMAR01A CUFMEM12A CUFAIR05A CUFAIR02A CUSSOU13A CUSSOU05A CUSSOU11A CUSSOU09A CUFWRT06A CUFWRT05A BSZ404A CUSGEN04A ICAITU126A CUFPOP04A Develop and apply industry knowledge Follow health. For more electives. operate and de-rig portable sound recording equipment Install.Units Completed in Program Three Requirements for CUF30301 Certificate III in Broadcasting (Radio) Code Units CUFGENO1A CUFSAF01A CUSADM08A CUSRAD01A CUFPOP17A CUFAIR01A CUFAIR03A CUFAIR05A CUFAIR02A CUSSOU07A CUSSOU12A CUSSOU09A CUFWRT06A CUFWRT05A CUFSOU02A CUSSOU04A CUSGEN02A CUECOR2A CUFGEN02A 3 C Complete at least three units. align and test sound equipment Operate a sound mixing console Mix sound sources Write a news voice report Write content and/or copy Train small groups Participate in negotiations Use advanced features of computer applications Compile a daily production schedule /running sheet Group A Complete both units Units completed in Program Three ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ B Complete at least six units ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ ◄ 3 The Community Broadcasting Association of Australia (CBAA) regards this unit as compulsory for community radio and includes it in Group A in their training programs. see the unit bank in the training package.

• Checklist – Target your Audience • CD and/or cassette player • Programs taped from a variety of radio stations. • where do they listen (car. Note: This session should be followed several weeks later by Session 8.Certificate III in Broadcasting (Radio) Session 5 (3 hrs) Topic Planning a program CUFGENO1A CUSGEN02A CUSRAD01A CUFPOP17A CUECOR2A Develop and apply industry knowledge Work in a culturally diverse environment Collect and organise information Plan and prepare a program Work with others Units Partially Covered Main objective(s) of the session: • to develop the skills and knowledge required for preparing a program proposal.org. e. e.g. Time 20-30 mins Key Points Introduction • aim of session • types of radio programs and their formats • music • information • magazine • news • current affairs • documentaries • special events Key considerations • Target audience and implications for program format and presentation style. inform • How to promote a program • How to get feedback e. e. including from ComRadSat • AERTP handout on cultural diversity • Copies of relevant station documents. surveys. log book for recording listener comments 1 hour • Trainer facilitates a discussion about the station’s program schedule. e.trainer • notes key points on whiteboard • elicits as many subcategories of programs as possible.g. census. local councils.g. to entertain.g. ratings (ACNielsen) Preparing a proposal • Profile of your station’s audience – narrow target group or wide market? • Are there gaps in your station’s audience profile? • Filling program gaps with networked programs. bi-lingual. ComRadSat • Identifying the needs of a target audience information sources. e. telephone log book. • As a group.g. e. community groups Brainstorm . ways of improving the schedule and so. participants listen to a short program segment and answer (or speculate on) the checklist items. talkback. participants use the Program Proposal sheet as the basis for a runthrough of how to prepare a program proposal for their station.cbaa.g. in a language other than English Learning Activities Learning Aids/Resources • Whiteboard or butcher’s paper to record discussion points 45 mins + a 15 min break • As a group. home)? • when do they listen? • Aim of program.au) • Program Proposal sheet © NSW DET 2002 1 .g. audience reach. • Whiteboard or butcher’s paper to record discussion points • Copies of ComRadSat Rap! (and web site address www.