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2017

Letter

STUDENT NUMBER

MATHEMATICAL METHODS

Written examination 1

Reading time: 9.00 am to 9.15 am (15 minutes)

Writing time: 9.15 am to 10.15 am (1 hour)

Structure of book

Number of Number of questions Number of

questions to be answered marks

9 9 40

• Students are permitted to bring into the examination room: pens, pencils, highlighters, erasers,

sharpeners and rulers.

• Students are NOT permitted to bring into the examination room: any technology (calculators or

software), notes of any kind, blank sheets of paper and/or correction fluid/tape.

Materials supplied

• Question and answer book of 12 pages

• Formula sheet

• Working space is provided throughout the book.

Instructions

• Write your student number in the space provided above on this page.

• Unless otherwise indicated, the diagrams in this book are not drawn to scale.

• All written responses must be in English.

At the end of the examination

• You may keep the formula sheet.

Students are NOT permitted to bring mobile phones and/or any other unauthorised electronic

devices into the examination room.

© VICTORIAN CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY 2017

2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1 2

3 2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1

Instructions

Answer all questions in the spaces provided.

In all questions where a numerical answer is required, an exact value must be given, unless otherwise

specified.

In questions where more than one mark is available, appropriate working must be shown.

Unless otherwise indicated, the diagrams in this book are not drawn to scale.

Question 1 (4 marks)

x

a. Let f : (–2, ∞) → R, f (x) = .

x+2

Differentiate f with respect to x. 2 marks

Evaluate g′ (1). 2 marks

TURN OVER

2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1 4

Question 2 (4 marks)

Let y = x loge(3x).

dy

a. Find . 2 marks

dx

2

b. Hence, calculate

positive integer.

∫

1

(loge (3 x) + 1)dx. Express your answer in the form loge(a), where a is a

2 marks

5 2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1

Question 3 (4 marks)

Let f : [–3, 0] → R, f (x) = (x + 2)2(x – 1).

a. Show that (x + 2)2(x – 1) = x3 + 3x2 – 4. 1 mark

b. Sketch the graph of f on the axes below. Label the axis intercepts and any stationary points

with their coordinates. 3 marks

x

–4 –3 –2 –1 O 1 2

–2

–4

–6

TURN OVER

2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1 6

Question 4 (2 marks)

1

In a large population of fish, the proportion of angel fish is .

4

Let P̂ be the random variable that represents the sample proportion of angel fish for samples of size n drawn

from the population.

1

Find the smallest integer value of n such that the standard deviation of P̂ is less than or equal to .

100

7 2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1

Question 5 (4 marks)

For Jac to log on to a computer successfully, Jac must type the correct password. Unfortunately, Jac

has forgotten the password. If Jac types the wrong password, Jac can make another attempt. The

2

probability of success on any attempt is . Assume that the result of each attempt is independent

5

of the result of any other attempt. A maximum of three attempts can be made.

a. What is the probability that Jac does not log on to the computer successfully? 1 mark

b. Calculate the probability that Jac logs on to the computer successfully. Express your answer in

a

the form , where a and b are positive integers. 1 mark

b

c. Calculate the probability that Jac logs on to the computer successfully on the second or on the

c

third attempt. Express your answer in the form , where c and d are positive integers. 2 marks

d

TURN OVER

2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1 8

Question 6 (3 marks)

( )( )(

Let tan(θ ) − 1 sin(θ ) − 3 cos(θ ) sin(θ ) + 3 cos(θ ) = 0. )

a. State all possible values of tan(θ ). 1 mark

b. ( )( )

Hence, find all possible solutions for tan(θ ) − 1 sin 2 (θ ) − 3 cos 2 (θ ) = 0, where 0 ≤ θ ≤ π. 2 marks

9 2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1

Question 7 (5 marks)

Let f : [0, ∞) → R, f ( x) = x + 1.

a. State the range of f. 1 mark

i. Find the largest possible value of c such that the range of g is a subset of the domain of f. 2 marks

ii. For the value of c found in part b.i., state the range of f (g(x)). 1 mark

TURN OVER

2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1 10

Question 8 (5 marks)

1 1

For events A and B from a sample space, Pr ( A | B ) = and Pr ( B | A ) = . Let Pr ( A ∩ B ) =

p.

5 4

a. Find Pr(A) in terms of p. 1 mark

1

c. Given that Pr ( A ∪ B ) ≤ , state the largest possible interval for p. 2 marks

5

11 2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1

Question 9 (9 marks)

The graph of f : [ 0, 1] → R, f ( x = x (1 – x) is shown below.

y = x 1 – x)

x

0 1

a. Calculate the area between the graph of f and the x-axis. 2 marks

1 − 3x

b. For x in the interval (0, 1), show that the gradient of the tangent to the graph of f is . 1 mark

2 x

Question 9 – continued

TURN OVER

2017 MATHMETH EXAM 1 12

The edges of the right-angled triangle ABC are the line segments AC and BC, which are tangent to

the graph of f, and the line segment AB, which is part of the horizontal axis, as shown below.

Let θ be the angle that AC makes with the positive direction of the horizontal axis, where

45° ≤ θ < 90°.

y

C

y = x 1 – x)

θ x

A 0 B

c. Find the equation of the line through B and C in the form y = mx + c, for θ = 45°. 2 marks

Victorian Certificate of Education

2017

MATHEMATICAL METHODS

Written examination 1

FORMULA SHEET

Instructions

A question and answer book is provided with this formula sheet.

Students are NOT permitted to bring mobile phones and/or any other unauthorised electronic

devices into the examination room.

MATHMETH EXAM 2

Mensuration

1 a+b h 1

area of a trapezium ( ) volume of a pyramid Ah

2 3

curved surface area 4 3

2π rh volume of a sphere πr

of a cylinder 3

1

volume of a cylinder π r 2h area of a triangle bc sin ( A )

2

1 2

volume of a cone πr h

3

Calculus

d n

dx

( )

x = nx n − 1

∫ x dx = n + 1 x

n 1 n +1

+ c, n ≠ −1

d 1

dx

( )

(ax + b) n = an ( ax + b )

n −1

∫ (ax + b) n dx =

a (n + 1)

(ax + b) n + 1 + c, n ≠ − 1

d ax 1 ax

dx

( )

e = ae ax

∫e

ax

dx =

a

e +c

1

d

dx

1

( log e ( x) ) = x ∫ x

dx = log e ( x) + c, x > 0

d 1

dx

( sin (ax) ) = a cos (ax) ∫ sin (ax)dx = − cos (ax) + c

a

d 1

dx

( cos (ax) ) = − a sin (ax) ∫ cos (ax)dx = a sin (ax) + c

d a

( tan (ax) ) = 2 = a sec 2 (ax)

dx cos (ax)

du dv

v −u

d dv du d u dx dx

product rule ( uv ) = u + v quotient rule =

dx dx dx dx v v2

dy dy du

chain rule =

dx du dx

3 MATHMETH EXAM

Probability

Pr ( A ∩ B )

Pr(A|B) =

Pr ( B )

b ∞ ∞

continuous Pr(a < X < b) =

∫a

f ( x)dx µ=

∫ −∞

x f ( x)dx σ2 =

∫ −∞

( x − µ ) 2 f ( x)dx

Sample proportions

X

P̂ = mean E(P̂ ) = p

n

approximate

standard ˆ) = p (1 − p )

ˆp − z

ˆp (1 − ˆp ) , p + z ˆp (1 − ˆp )

deviation

sd ( P

n

confidence

n

ˆ n

interval

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