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Nadeen Hilou

Ms. Miers

US Government

15 Oct. 2017

Annotated Bibliography
Primary Sources:

"Truman Doctrine (1947)." Our Documents - Truman Doctrine (1947). Accessed October 15, 2017.

On March 12, 1947, President Harry S. Truman presented this address before a joint session of
Congress. His message, known as the Truman Doctrine, asked Congress for $400 million in
military and economic assistance for Turkey and Greece. It has the actual Truman doctrine
attached on the website.

"Truman giving Truman Doctrine address." Truman Library Photograph: Truman giving Truman Doctrine
address. Accessed October 15, 2017.

A Photograph taken of Truman giving the Truman Doctrine address.

Secondary Sources:

"The Truman Doctrine, 1947." U.S. Department of State. Accessed October 15, 2017.

The Truman Doctrine arose from a speech delivered by President Truman before a joint session
of Congress on March 12, 1947. The immediate cause for the speech was a recent
announcement by the British Government that, as of March 31, it would no longer provide
military and economic assistance to the Greek Government in its civil war against the Greek
Communist Party. Truman asked Congress to support the Greek Government against the
Communists. He also asked Congress to provide assistance for Turkey, since that nation, too,
had previously been dependent on British aid. Information about the start of the Truman
Doctrine and includes a picture of President Harry Truman.

"Truman Doctrine is announced." Accessed October 15, 2017.

In a dramatic speech to a joint session of Congress, President Harry S. Truman asks for U.S.
assistance for Greece and Turkey to forestall communist domination of the two nations.
Historians have often cited Truman’s address, which came to be known as the Truman Doctrine,
as the official declaration of the Cold War.
"What was the Truman Doctrine?" What was the Truman Doctrine? Accessed October 15, 2017.

The Truman Doctrine grew out of George Kennan’s 1946 ‘long telegram’ which argued that the
US should follow a policy of ‘containment’ to stop Russian expansion. Then, in February 1947,
the British announced that they were withdrawing their soldiers from Greece. On 12 March
1947, Truman warned Congress that, without help, Greece would fall to Communism – and that
Turkey and other countries would follow. He said that the Cold War was a choice between
freedom and oppression and that Americans were OBLIGED to ‘to support free peoples’ and to
abandon their decision not to get involved in European affairs.