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Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (German pronunciation:
[ˈʁuːdɔlf ˈkʁɪstjan ˈkaʁl ˈdiːzəl]; March 18, 1858 – last seen alive September 29, 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine.

Rudolf Diesel


March 18, 1858 Paris, France September 29, 1913 (aged 55) English Channel German



Occupation Engineer, inventor, entrepreneur Employer Sulzer, Linde, MAN AG

Rudolf wrote to his parents that he wanted to become an engineer. and Eugen Theodor Diesel. Theodor met his wife. Barbara and Christoph Barnickel. At age 14. where his uncle taught mathematics. but as a result of the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. Before the end of the war. Heddy. Diesel's parents wereGermanborn immigrants living in France. Elise Diesel Awards(1901 Elliott Cresson Medal (1901) Early life Diesel was born in Paris. the family (like many foreigners) was forced to leave and immigrated to London. in 1848. France in 1858[1] as the second of three children to Theodor and Elise Diesel. Theodor Diesel. so that he might learn to speak German and visit the Königliche Kreis-Gewerbsschule (Royal County Trade School).Known for Children Parents Inventing the diesel engine Rudolf Jr. had left his home town of Augsburg. daughter of aNuremberg merchant in Paris in 1855 and became a leather goods manufacturer there. abookbinder by trade. however. Elise Strobel. Diesel spent his early childhood in France. Diesel's mother sent 12-year-old Rudolf to Augsburg to live with his aunt and uncle. and after finishing his basic education at the top of his class . Bavaria.

and in 1893. soon after Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz had invented the motor car in 1887. Switzerland. He first toyed with steam. Because he was not allowed to use the patents he developed while an employee of Linde's for his own purposes. Diesel was unable to graduate with his class in July 1879 because of a bout of typhoid. in 1875. In early 1890. Diesel moved his wife and their three children (Rudolf Jr. one of his professors was Carl von Linde. he gathered practical engineering experience at the Gebrüder Sulzer Maschinenfabrik (Sulzer Brothers Machine Works) in Winterthur. In 1883. his research into fuel efficiency leading him to build a steam engine using ammonia vapour. During tests. where he assisted his former Munich professor Carl von Linde with the design and construction of a modern refrigeration and ice plant. In Munich. and continued to work for Linde. he enrolled at the newly-founded Industrial School of Augsburg. garnering numerous patents in both Germany and France. Diesel sought to expand into an area outside refrigeration. Diesel published a treatise entitled Theorie und Konstruktion eines rationellen Wärmemotors zum Ersatz der Dampfmaschine und der heute bekannten . Diesel became the director of the plant a year later. Diesel graduated with highest academic honours from his Munich alma mater in January 1880 and returned to Paris. he received a merit scholarship from the Royal Bavarian Polytechnic of Munich which he accepted against the will of his parents who would rather have seen him begin earning money. He also began designing an engine based on the Carnot 1873. Heddy and Eugen) to Berlin to assume management of Linde's corporate research and development department and to join several other corporate boards there. Diesel married Martha Flasche. this machine exploded with almost fatal consequences and resulted in many months in the hospital and a great deal of ill health and eyesight problems. Later. While he waited for the next exam date.

In 1893.S. Rudolf Diesel obtained patents for his design in Germany and other countries. gave Rudolf Diesel the opportunity to test and develop his ideas. which means that up to 90% of the energy available in the fuel is wasted.846 and U. However. Eventually he designed his own engine and obtained a patent for his design. fuel was injected at the end of compression and the fuel was ignited by the high temperature resulting from compression. Patent 542. From 1893 to 1897. Berlin. His engine and its successors are now known as diesel engines. Patent 608. He managed to build a working engine according to his theory and design.S. In his engine. He tried to design an engine based on the Carnot Cycle. His work in engine design was driven by the goal of much higher efficiency ratios.845). . He knew that even very good steam engines are only 10-15% thermodynamically efficient.Verbrennungsmotoren [Theory and Construction of a Rational Heatengine to Replace the Steam Engine and Combustion Engines Known Today] and formed the basis for his work on and invention of the diesel engine. director of MAN AG in Augsburg. he published a book in German with the title "Theory and design of a rational thermal engine to replace the steam engine and the combustion engines known today" (English translation of the original title in German) with the help of Springer Verlag. Heinrich von Buz. including the USA (U. Later life Diesel understood thermodynamics and the theoretical and practical constraints on fuel efficiency. he gave up on this and tried to develop his own approach.

The body was in such an advanced state of decomposition that they did not bring it aboard.m. There are various theories to explain Diesel's death. leaving word for him to be called the next morning at 6:15 a. He was never seen alive again.Death In the evening of 29 September 1913. wallet.. the crew of the Dutch boat Coertsen came upon the corpse of a man floating in the sea. Eugen Diesel. Instead.m. Evidence is limited for all explanations. the crew retrieved personal items (pill case. Legacy . and returned the body to the sea. Ten days later. He took dinner on board the ship and then retired to his cabin at about 10 p. On 13 October these items were identified by Rudolf's son. pocket knife. as belonging to his father.. Grosser (1978) presents a credible case for suicide. Diesel boarded the post office steamer Dresden in Antwerp on his way to a meeting of the Consolidated Diesel Manufacturing company in London. eyeglass case) from the clothing of the dead man. There are conspiracy theories that suggest that various people's business interests may have provided motives for homicide.

more robust construction than a gasoline engine. diesel engines have also become the workhorses of the trucking industry. and flown in light aircraft. and in modern automobiles. The primary source of fuel remains what . certified. However. diesel engines that have overcome this weight penalty have been designed. it was not widely used in aviation (but see aircraft diesel engine). The diesel engine has the benefit of running more fuel-efficiently than gasoline engines due to much higher compression ratios and longer duration of combustion which means the temperature rises more slowly. the diesel engine became widespread in many other applications. locomotives. and became a very important replacement for the steam piston engine in many applications. Although these fuels were not immediately popular. submarines. allowing more heat to be converted to mechanical work. and much later. was run on peanut oil. and his engine.Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913) After Diesel's death. Diesel was interested in using coal dust orvegetable oil as fuel. These engines are designed to run on either diesel fuel or more commonlyjet fuel. Diesel engines are most often found in applications where a high torque requirement and low RPM requirement exist. such as stationary engines. during 2008 rises in fuel prices coupled with concerns about oil reserves have led to more widespread use of vegetable oil and biodiesel. Because the diesel engine required a heavier. in fact. trucks. the diesel engine underwent much development. ships. Because of their generally more robust construction and high torque. Recently.

Details of the claim that a patent submitted by Herbert Akroyd Stuart has pre-dated that of Rudolf Diesel can be found under the name of that inventor. due to the lower pressures used (around 90 PSI). Patent dispute with Herbert Akroyd Stuart Akroyd-Stuart's compression ignition engine (as opposed to sparkignition) was patented two years earlier than Diesel's similar engine.became known as diesel fuel. . 500 PSI. Diesel's patentable idea was to increase the pressure. The hot bulb engine. had only about a 12% thermal efficiency versus more than 50% for some large Diesels. As opposed to the Diesel engine's c. The high compression and thermal efficiency is what distinguishes the patent of Diesel from a hot bulb enginepatent. an oil byproduct derived from refinement of petroleum.