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It explains combustion as a result of loss of a

substance. It is a product of the weathering of complex


a. Phlogiston silicates, particularly of feldspars which are
b. Roasting abundant minerals.
c. Reduction
d. Fission a. clay
b. chalk
The volume of a definite quantity of dry gas is c. pyrite
inversely proportional to the pressure provided d.diamond
the temperature remains constant.
Electrons occupy all the orbitals of a given
a. Charles’ Law subshell singly before pairing begins. These
b. Boyle’s Law unpaired electrons have parallel spins. This is
c. Gay-Lussac’s Law known as:
d. Dalton’s Law
a. Building Up Principle
It refers to matter that do not have definite b. Aufbau Principle
form or structure. c. Hund’s rule
a. Amorphous d.David’s rule
b. Morphous
c. Transient This law states that at constant temperature
d. Extrinsic the volume of a sample of gas varies inversely
with the pressure.
Three grams of sulphur dissolved in 200 g of
naphthalene C10H8, was found decreasing the a. Avogadro’s Law
freezing point of the solvent to 0.72 :C. Find the b. Boyle’s Law
molecular weight of the solute. (Kf C10H8 = 6.9 c. Charle’s Law
:C/molar) d. Gay-Lussac’s Law
a. 351.16 g/mole
b. 115.32 g/mole
c. 135.61 g/mole It is the scattering of light by colloidal particles
d. 151.23 g/mole a. Mott Scaterring
b. Tyndall Effect
c. Rayleigh Scattering
Substance having a pH level less than 7 d. Wolf Effect
a. acid
b. base Consider H3AsO3, Arsenic acid
c. salt (H=1.01,As=74.9,O=16.0).How many mole is 1kg
d. hydrate of H3AsO3?

It is the enthalpy change associated with the a. 7.94 moles


condensation of gaseous positive and negative b. 6.94 moles
ion into a crystal. c. 5.94 moles
d. 8.94 moles
a Raoult’s Law
b. Lattice Energy It is customary to indicate accuracy by using a
c. Enthalpy Of Solution certain numbers of figures or digits.
d. Partition Coefficient
a. atomic mass unit electrolysis and the amount of chemical
b. International system reaction that occurs?
c. significant figures : a. Ernest Rutherford
d. supplementary units b. Michael Faraday
c. Marie Curie
It is required for organic compounds. d. John Dalton
a. hydrogen
b. oxygen It is considered as derivatives of ammonia in
c. boron which one or more of the hydrogens have been
d. carbon replaced by the alkyl or aryl group. It is
characterized by unpleasant odors
Term used to denote the technology of treating
a mined ore to obtain a product higher on a. Alkanes
concentration of a wanted mineral from the b. Esters
unwanted rock mass in which it occurs c. Amines
d. Nitriles
a. ore dressing
b. galvanization Calculate the molar concentration of a solution
c. alloying that contains 15g of potassium hydroxide in
d. filtering 225ml of solution.

It states that, "If a stress is placed on a system a.1.2 M


on equilibrium whereby the equilibrium is b. 11.9 M
altered, that change will take place which tends c. 4.46 M
to relieve or neutralize the effect of the added d. 2.60 M
stress".
a. Le Chatelier's Principle Calculate the ratio of the rate of diffusion of
b. Snell's Law hydrogen to the rate of diffusion of oxygen.
c. Huygen's Principle How fast does hydrogen diffuse than oxygen?
d. Avogrado's Law Given: Density of oxygen is 0.0899 g/L and the
density of oxygen is 1.43 g/L.
The energy possessed by a substance that
allows it to be changed into a new substance. a. One
a. Chemical energy b. Two
b. Physical energy c. Three
c. Potential energy d. Four
d. Nuclear energy
What is the volume of 1 mole of a gas at 2 atm
If heat is absorbed by the system during a and 273 K?
chemical change, it is called as:
a. exothermal a. 1.12 L
b. endothermal b. 10L
c. endothermic c.11.2L
d. exothermic d. 112L

Who determined the quantitative relationship It is a borosilicate glass with a very low
between the amount of electricity used in coefficient of thermal expansion, hence, it's
wide for cooking and serving utensils.
a. Lime Glass It is the Energy change accompanying a mole of
b. Pyrex electrons being added to a mole of a gaseous
c. Silicones atoms or ions.
d. Zeotites a. Electronic Affinity
b. Bingling Energy
What is the mass in kilograms of 10.5 gal (39.7 c . Biochemical Energy
L) of gasoline with a specific gravity of 0.82. d. Fission

a. 10.5 kg
b. 28 kg A 466g sample of Water is Heated from 8.50’C
c. 33 kg to 74.60’C. Calculate the amount of Heat
d. 44 kg Absorbed (in Kilo Joules) by the Water.

a. 130 KJ
It is a colorless solid capable of being cut into b. 129 KJ
brilliant crystals is the hardest, must abrasive c . 192 KJ
mineral known d. 160 KJ

a. Graphite A silicon chip used in an integrated circuit of a


b. Charcoal microcomputer has a mass of 5.68mg. How
c. Diamond many silicon (Si) atoms are present in this chip?
d. Silicon
a. 5.6x10-3 atoms
It is the calculation of both energy balances and b. b. 2.02x1010atoms
material balances in a chemical system. c. 1.22x1020atoms
d. 2.22x1020atoms
a. Molarity
b. Molality This Law states that if a process can be written
c. Calorimetry as the sum of several stepwise processes, the
d. Stoichiometry Enthalphy change the total process equals the
sum of the Enthalphy changes of the Various
_________ involves the replacement of one of Steps.
the atoms or groups of atoms attached to the
carbon “Backbone” of the organic molecule. a. Gauss Law
: a.halogination b. Hess Law
b. chemical reaction c . Boyles Law
c. Addition reaction d. Newton’s Law
d. Substitution Reaction
This process separates the components of a
Calculate the volume (in Litres) occupied by mixture on the basis of differences in particle
7.40g of NH3 at STP (Standard Temperature, and size. It is used most often to separate a liquid
Pressure) from a solid.

a. 8.73L a. Crystallization
b. 10.73L b. Extraction
c . 9.73L c. Filtration
d. 12.73L d. Chromatography
Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) is a colorless, a. Molar mass
odorless, very unreactive gas. Calculate the b. Critical mass
pressure (in atm) exerted by 1.82 moles of gas c. Molecular mass
in a steel vessel of volume 5.43L at 45°C. d. Atomic mass unit
a. 6.75 atm
b. 7.75 atm
c. 8.75 atm In the atmosphere, nitrogen dioxide reacts with
d. 9.75 atm water to produce nitric acid, which contributes
to pollution by acid rain: 3NO2(g) + H2O(l) ----->
It is defined as the pressure exerted by a force 2HNO3(aq) + NO(g) How many grams of HNO3 are
of one newton acting on an area of one square produced for every 1.0mol of NO2 that reacts?
meter. The molecular weight of HNO3 is 63.0amu.
a. Kelvin
b. Meter a. 42 g HNO3
c. Pascal b. 42 kg HNO3
d. Newton c. 4.2 g HNO3
d. 42 mg HNO3
:A bottle of certain ceramic tile cleanser, which
essentially a solution of hydrogen chloride, _________ states that a constant pressure and
contains 130g of HCl and 750g of water. What is temperature, the volume of a gas is directly
the percent by mass of HCl in this cleanser? proportional to the number of moles present.

a. 15.7% a. Boyle’s Law


b. 16.3% b. Charle’s Law
c. 14.8% c. Gay-Lussac’s Law
d. 13.8% d. Avogrado’s Law

A covalent bond between two atoms with ______ states that in the addition of polar
different electronegativities, so that the reagents to alkenes, the positive portion of the
electron density is unsymmetrically distributed. reagents adds to the carbon atom in the double
bond that already has the most hydrogen
a. Non- Polar bond atoms.
b. Polar bond
c. Single bond a. Markovnikou’s rule
d. Triple bond b. Le Chatelier’s principle
c. Lock-and-key theory
Which element has the highest ionization d. Pauli Exclusion Theory
potential of its atom?
_______ are atoms that have completely filled
a. Hydrogen ns and np subshells, giving them great stability.
b. Oxygen
c. Helium a. Alkali Metals
d. Zinc b. Noble Gases
c. Halogens
It is the minimum amount of radioactive d. alkaline earth metals
material needed to sustain a nuclear chain
reaction.
_______ states that the partial pressure of a d. 71.7 mm
solvent over a solution is given by the vapor
pressure of the pure solvent times the mole (1000)(9.81)(30)(1.5)L = 2(300x10^-
fraction of the solvent in the solution. 6)(130x10^6)
L = 177 mm
a. Dalton’s law of partial pressure
b. de Broglie’s hypothesis
c. Aufbau principle At what angular velocity will the stress in a
d. Raoult’s Law rotating steel ring equal to 150 MPa if its mean
radius is 220 mm? The density of the steel is
A hole is to be punched out of plate having a 7.85 Mg/m^3.
shearing strength of 40 ksi. The compressive
stress in the punch is limited to 50 ksi. Compute a. 19.87 rad/s
the maximum thickness of plate from which a b. 159 rad/s
hole 2.5 inches in diameter can be punched. c. 138.2 rad/s
d. 628 rad/s
a. 0.500 in
b. 0.781 in ω = (1/0.22)(150x10^6 / 7850)^(1/2) = 628
c. 0.102 in rad/s
d. 0.204 in
A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside
t = 2.5(50) / 4(40) = 0.781 inches diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of 10
mm. A gasket is inserted between the flange at
A hole is to be punched out of plate having a one end of the pipe and a flat plate use to cap
shearing strength of 40 ksi. The compressive the end. How many 40-mm-diameter bolts must
stress in the punch is limited to 50 ksi. If the be used to hold the cap on if the allowable
plate is 0.25 inches thick, determine the stress in the bolts is 80 MPa, of which 55 MPa is
diameter of the smallest hole that can be the initial stress?
punched
a. 14 b. 15 c. 16 d. 17
a. 0.800 in b. 0.871 in
c. 0.435 in d. 0.600 in N = (3.5x10^6)(0.45 – 2x0.01)^2 / [(0.04^2)(88–
55)x10^6] = 16.18 round up
D = 4(0.25)(40) / 50 = 0.800 inches N = 17

A large pipe, called a penstock in hydraulic A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside
work, is 1.5 m in diameter. It is composed of diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of 10
wooden staves bound together by steel hoops, mm. A gasket is inserted between the flange at
each 300 sq. Millimetre in cross-sectional area, one end of the pipe and a flat plate use to cap
and is used to conduct water from a reservoir to the end. What circumferential stress is
power a house. If the maximum tensile stress developed in the pipe?
permitted in the hoops is 130 MPa, what is the
maximum spacing between hoops under a head a. 75.3 MPa b. 37.65 MPa
of water of 30 m? c. 78.75 MPa d. 39.38 MPa

a. 17.7mm σ = (3.5)(450 – 2x10) / [2(10)] = 75.3 MPa


b. 77.1 mm
c. 177 mm
It is the maximum safe stress that a material r = (80)(5) / *(4)(π/180)(83000)] = 69 mm
can carry d = 2(69) = 138 mm

a. working stress b. Ultimate stress A steel bar 50 mm in diameter and 2 m long is


c. rupture strength d. Yield strength surrounded by a shell of cast iron 5 mm thick.
Compute the load that will compress the
combined bar a total of 0.8 mm in the length of
It is the point at which there is an appreciable 2m. For steel E = 200 GPa, and for cast iron E =
elongation of the material without any 100 GPa
corresponding increase of load a. 291 kN b. 240 kN
c. 192 kN d. 420 kN
a. Elastic limit b. Yield point
c.Ultimate stress d. Point of rupture P = *(π/4)(0.05^2)(200x10^9)(0.0008)/2+ +
*(π/4)(0.06^2 -0.05^2)(100x10^9)(0.0008)/2]
This component measures the pulling (or P = 192 kN
pushing) action perpendicular to the section
A solid steel shaft is not to twist through more
a. Torque b. Bending moment than 3 degrees in a 6 m length when subjected
c. Axial forces d. Shearing force to a torque of 12 kN.m. What maximum
shearing stress is developed? Use G=83GPa.
A steel rod having a cross-sectional area of 300
sq. Meters and a length of 150 m is suspended a. 41.3 MPa b. 43.4 MPa
vertically from one end. It supports a tensile c. 34.3 MPa d. 17.6 MPa
load of 20 kN at the lower end. If the unit mass
of steel is 7850 kg/m^3 and E = 200x10^3 (π/4)d^4 = (12000)(6) / *(3)(π/180)(83x10^9)+
MN/m^2, find the total elongation of the rod. d = 114 mm

a. 54.3 mm b. 40 mm τ = 16(12000) / *π(.114)^3+


c. 43.3 mm d. 35 mm τ = 41.3 MPa

δ = *(7850)(9.8)(150^2) / 2(200X10^9)+ + What is the minimum diameter of a solid steel


[(20000)(150)(1000^2) / 300(200X10^9)] shaft that will not twist through more than 3
δ = 54.3 mm degrees in a 6 m length when subjected to a
torque of 12 kN.m? Use G=83GPa.
What is the theoretical maximum value of
Poisson’s ratio of any given material subjected a. 114 mm b. 116 mm
to a uniform triaxial stress. c. 118 mm d. 120 mm

a. 0 b. 1 c. 1/3 d. ½ (π/4)d^4 = (12000)(6) / *(3)(π/180)(83x10^9)+


d = 114 mm

A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed to 80 A steel rod 2.5 m long is secured between two
MPa when twisted through 4 degrees. Using G = walls. If the load on the rod is zero at 20 degree
83 GPa, compute the shaft diameter. Celsius, compute the stress when the
temperature drops to -20 degrees Celsius. The
a. 104 mm b. 138 mm cross-sectional are if the rod is 1200 sq. mm,
c. 148 mm d. 160 mm coefficient of linear expansion = 11.7 um/(m-
deg.C), and E = 200 GPa. Assume that the walls Who first postulated that stress is proportional
are rigid. to strain in 1678?

a. 69.3 MPa b. 96.3 MPa a. Thomas Young b. Robert Hooke


c. 93.6 MPa d. 69.3 Mpa c. Andrew Pytel d. Charles Augustus

The position x of an experimental rocket


σ = (200x10^9)(11.7x10^-6)(20 - -20) = moving along a long rail is measured to be x(t) =
93.6x10^6 Pa (4m/s)t + (7m/s2)t2 + (5m/s3)t3 – (0.35m/s4)t4
σ = 93.6 MPa over the first 10s of its motion, where t is in
seconds and x is in meters. Find the velocity of
Determine the maximum shearing stress in a the rocket for the first 10 seconds.
helical steel spring composed of 20 turns of 20
mm-diamter wire on a mean radius of 80 mm a. 43 m/s b. 224 m/s c. 244m/s
when tha spring is supporting a load of 2 kN. d. 2240 m/s
Use G = 83 Gpa.
v = dx/dt = (4m/s) + (14m/s2)t + (15m/s3)t2 –
a. 110.6 MPa b. 112.3 MPa (1.4m/s4)t3
c. 120.6 MPa d. 134.6 Mpa Substituting t = 10 s, gives
m = 80/10 = 8 v = 244 m/s

τ = *16(2000)(0.08) / π(0.02)^3+x,*4(8)-1]/[4(8)- Early in the nineteenth century, James Watt


4] + (0.615/8)} invented the steam engine. In order to convince
τ = 120.6 Mpa people, who relied heavily on horses for
mechanical work, he demonstrated how useful
Determine the elongation in a helical steel his steam engine was by utilizing a horse that
spring composed of 20 turns of 20 mm-diamter lifted water from a well over a certain period of
wire on a mean radius of 80 mm when tha time and called the corresponding power
spring is supporting a load of 2 kN. Use G = 83 expended “one horsepower”. Assume that
GPa. water has a mass density of 1.0 x 103 kg/m3,
that the well was 20m deep, and that the horse
a. 87.9 mm b. 78.9 mm worked for 8 hours. How many liters of water
c. 98.7 mm d. 89.7 mm did the horse raise from the well? Use the
following constants: 1 hp = 746 Watts, g = 9.8
m/s2.
δ = 64(2000)(0.08^3)(20) / *(83x10^9)(0.02^4)+
δ = 98.7 mm The work done of the tension in lifting a mass
of water is given by:
W = m g y where W = work, m = mass =
These are components of the total resistance to p p= mass density,
sliding the portion to one side of the
exploratory section past the other. The power is given by:
ρVg Δy
a. Torque b. Bending moment P = work /time, t
c. Axial forces d. Shear forces Substituting all values, we get for V
V= Suppose that you make 12 equal annual
746 W 8 hx 3600 s/h deposits of P2,000 each into a bank account
3 3 2
= 1. 1x102 m3 paying 8% interest per year. The first deposit
1x10 kg/m 9 . 8m/s 20 m
will be made one year from today. How much
money can be withdrawn from this bank
account immediately after the 12th deposit?
Since 1 m3 = 103 L, then V = 1.1 x 105L.
a. P35,492 b. P36,218 c.
37,954 d. P38,755
As provided in RA7925, a VAS provider needs
to secure a franchise if 
(1
in
)1
a. it is offered by a telecommunications entity 
FA
 i 

whose proceeds of utility operations are not  
cross-subsidized. = 
P2000(F/A,
8%,12)
P37,954
b. it does not discriminate other service
providers against rates.
What is the effective rate of interest if P1000 is
c. it is offered by a telecommunications entity
invested at a nominal rate of 15% compounded
that uses a separate book of accounts for VAS.
quarterly?
d. it puts up its own network.
a. 15.86% b. 16.86%
c. 17.86% d. 18.86%
According to the code of ethics, if you are
employed in a company and you wish to 4
engage in a business which may compete with 0 .
15
i 

eff  
1 
115
.
86%
your company, the most ethical thing to do is  4 
to
A man purchased a house for P425,000. In the
first month that he owned the house, he spent
a. inform your employer about it
P75,000 on repairs and remodeling.
b. have somebody run the business instead of
Immediately after the house was remodeled, he
you
was offered P545,000 to sell the house. After
c. try to find new clients
some consideration, he decided to keep the
d. keep your prices lower than your company’s
house and have it rented for P4,500 per month
starting two months after the purchase. He
An investor has an option to purchase a tract of
collected rent for 15 months and then sold the
land that will be worth P20,000 in seven years.
house for P600,000. if the interest rate was
If the value of the land increases at 9% each
1.5% per month, how much extra money did he
year, how much should the investor be willing
make or lose by not selling the house
to pay now for this property?
immediately after it was remodeled?
a. P9,341 b. P10,941
a. P3,000 b.P4,000
c. P11,521 d. P12,015
c. P5,000 d. P6,000
n
 1
PF 

1 i
= F(P/F,
i%,
n)
On the day his grandson was born, a man
P=P20,000(P/
F,9%,7)
=P10,940.68
deposited to a trust company a sufficient
amount of money so that the boy could receive
five annual payments of P20,000 each for his
college tuition fees, starting with his 18th
birthday. Interest at the rate of 12$ per annum A telecommunication company purchased an
was to be paid on all amounts on deposit. There equipment for P53,000 and paid P1,500 for
was also a provision that the grandson could freight and delivery charges to the job site. The
elect to withdraw no annual payments and equipment has a normal life of 10 years with a
receive a single lump amount on his 25th trade-in value of P5,000 against the purchase of
birthday. The grandson chose this option. How a new equipment at the end of the life.
much did the grandfather deposit? Determine the annual depreciation cost by the
sinking fund method. Assume interest at 6.5%
a. P9,500 b. P10,500 compounded annually.
c. P11,500 d. P12,500
a. P2,543 b. P3.,668

PP
20
,
000
(
P/
A,
12
%,
5
)(
P/
F,
12)c. P4,215
%,
17 d. P5,956
=
P
10
,
500
O
C P53 
,000
P1 
,500
P54
,500
L
C P5
,000
P54 
,500 P
5,000
d P3
,668
F/A,6
.5%,
10

A man bought an equipment costing P30,000 A plant bought a machine for P200,000 and
payable in 12 quarterly payments, each used it for 10 years, the life span of the
installment payable at the beginning of each equipment. What is the book value of the
period. The rate of interest is 24% compounded machine after 5 years of use? Assume a scrap
quarterly. What is the amount of each payment value of P20,000. Use double declining balance
a. P1,700 b. P2,700 method.
c. P3,700 d. P4,700

P
30
, 
000
A(
1P
/A
,8
%,
12
1
) a. P43,648 b. P59,425

AP
3,
685
.
96 c. P65,536 d. P70,92

A telecommunication company purchased an C


5P
200
,
00(
125
)
10P
65
,
536
equipment for P53,000 and paid P1,500 for
freight and delivery charges to the job site. The
equipment has a normal life of 10 years with a It occurs when a cutting action is applied as you
trade-in value of P5,000 against the purchase of would see with scissors, tin snips, or punches.
a new equipment at the end of the life.
Determine the annual depreciation cost by the a.Direct shear c. Torsional shear
sinking fund method. Assume interest at 6.5% b.Bending stress d. Torsional stress
compounded annually.

a. P2,543 b. P3.,668 It occurs when a member carries a load


c. P4,215 d. P5,956 perpendicular to its long axis while being
supported in a stable manner.
O
C P53 
,000
P1 
,500
P54
,500
a.Direct shear c. Torsional shear
L
C P5
,000
b.Bending stress d. Torsional stress.
P54 
,500 P
5,000
d P3
,668
F/A,6
.5%,
10
ci. Proportional limit
It is the internal resistance offered by a unit cii. Elastic limit
area of the material from which a member from ciii. Yield point
which a member is made to an externally civ. Tensile point
applied load.

a. stress b. strain It is the highest value of apparent stress on the


c. moment d. torque stress-strain curve

A certain support stand design to carry ci. Proportional limit


downward loads. Compute the stress in the cii. Elastic limit
square shaft at the upper part of the stand for a ciii. Yield point
load of 27,000 lb. The line of action of the civ. Tensile point
applied of the applied load is centered on the
axis on the shaft, and the load is applied
through a thick plate that distributes the force It is a measure of the stiffness of a material
to the entire cross section of the stand. determined by the slope of the straight-line
portion of the stress-strain curve
a. 10,000psi b. 11,000psi
c. 12,000psi d. 13,000psi
a. Modulus of elasticity
b. Modulus of rigidity
F

A
27
,
000
 2
2
.
25
lb lb

12
, 
000
in in2
12
,
000
c. Strain
psi
d. Stress

The proportional limit is the value of stress on


the stress-strain diagram curve at which the A ductile material is one that can be stretched,
curve first deviates from a straight line. formed, or drawn to a significant degree before
fracture. A metal that exhibits a percent
ci. Proportional limit elongation greater than ____ % is considered to
cii. Elastic limit be ductile.
ciii. Yield point
civ. Tensile point a. 2 b. 3
c. 4 d. 5
It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve
at which the material has deformed plastically;
that is, it will no longer return to its original size A brittle material is one that fails suddenly
and shape after removing the load. under load with little or no plastic deformation.
A metal that exhibits a percent elongation ____
ci. Proportional limit 5.0% is considered to be brittle.
cii. Elastic limit
ciii. Yield point a. equal
civ. Tensile point b. Greater than
c. Less than
d. It depends on the room temperature
It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve
at which there is a significant increase in strain The ratio of shearing stress to shearing strain is
with little or no increase in stress. called:
a. Modulus of elasticity
b. Modulus of rigidity a. 350MPa b. 420MPa
c. Modulus of elongation c. 485MPa d. 500MPa
d. Modulus of stressibility
Assume that a 25-mm diameter rivet joins the
plates that are each 125 mm wide. The
It is the ability of a material to absorbed allowable stresses are 130 MPa for bearing in
applied energy without failure the plate material and 65 MPa for shearing of
the rivet. Determine the minimum thickness of
a. Ductility b. Brittleness each plate.
c. Hardness d. Toughness
a. 10MPa b. 20MPa
c. 30MPa d. 40MPa
It is the indication of the resistance of a
material to indentation by a penetrator. V P
  b 
2 dt
4d P
a. Ductility b. Brittleness t 
V d b
c. Hardness d. Toughness 65M   2 31 . 91 kPa
4 (25mm) t 
( 25 mm )130 M
It is a measure of pulling and pushing force. V  P  31.91kN t  9 . 82 mm
a. Axial force
b. Shear force P
A
c. Torque
d. Bending moments  31
.91
kNkN
[
125 
mm8mm25
mm8
mm]

It is the measure of the total resistance to


39.89
MPa
sliding.

a. Axial force
b. Shear force A cylinder pressure vessel is fabricated from
c. Torque plates which have a thickness of 20mm. The
d. Bending moments diameter of the pressure vessel is 450 mm and
its length is 3.5m. Determine the maximum
It is the measure of the resistance to twisting. internal pressure which can be applied if the
stress in the steel is limited to 150MPa.
a. Axial force
b. Shear force a. 15.33MPa b. 16.67MPa c.
c. Torque 17.53MPa d. 18.83MPa
d. Bending moments
ρD
σ t=
2t
ρ 450 mm
A common bar suspended from certain support 150 MPa=
2 25 mm
has axial load of 10kN. If the bar has a cross ρ= 16 . 67 MPa
section of 20mm2, find the stress experience by
the bar.
The wall thickness of a 3ft-diameter spherical A steel shaft 3ft long that has a diameter of 5in
tank is 4/17 in. Calculate the allowable internal is subjected to a torque of 14kip-ft. Determine
pressure if the stress is limited to 9000 psi. the maximum shearing stress. G=12x106 psi.

a. 155.47psi b. 169.25psi a. 0.47° b. 0.53° c. 0.68°


c. 176.47psi d. 188.73psi d. 0.71°

pD TL 14 k 12 3x12 180 °
 θ= = x = 0. 47 °
4t JG π 54 6 π
p(4 12in) 12 x 10
9000 32
4(4 / 17in)
p  176.47 psi
It is the transfer of energy from the more
energetic particles of substance to the adjacent
A steel bar 40mm in diameter and 3m long is less energetic ones as a result of interactions
surrounded by a shell of cast iron 6mm thick. between the particles.
Compute the load that will compress the ci. Conduction c. Convection
combined bar a total of 0.95 mm in the length cii. Radiation d. Absorption
of 2m. For steel E=300GPa, and for cast iron,
E=150GPa
It indicates that the rate of heat conduction in a
a. 151kN b. 161kN direction is proportional to the temperature
c. 171kN d. 181KN gradient in that direction

cv. Fourier’s Law of Heat Conduction


A steel rod 3.5m long is secured between two cvi. Fourier’s Law of Heat Convection
walls. If the load on the rod is zero at 30°C, cvii. Fourier’s Law of Heat Radiation
compute the stress when the temperature cviii. Fourier’s Law of Heat
drops to -30°C. The cross sectional area of the Absorption
rod is 1200mm2, α =11.7um/(m°C), and
E=200GPa.

a. 110MPa b. 120MPa Which of the following is considered the best


c. 130MPa d. 140MPa conductor of heat?

δ = αLΔT cv. Gold b. Copper


PL cvi. c. Silver d. Diamond
δ=
AE
PL
αLΔT =
AE It is the mode of energy transfer between a
solid surface and the adjacent liquid or gas that

T
 is in motion, and it involves the combined effect
E conduction and fluid motion.

TE(
11.
7 
)(
3030
)(
200
G
)
140
.
4 MPa cv. Conduction c. Convection
cvi. Radiation d. Absorption
e. Light intensity c. Light efficacy
It is the energy emitted by the matter in the f. Light efficiency d. Light luminosity
form of electromagnetic waves as a result of
the changes in the electronic configurations of
the atom or molecules. Carnot cycle is composed of how many
reversible processes?
cv. Conduction c. Convection
cvi. Radiation d. Absorption
a. 1 b. 2
c. 3 d. 4
It states that energy can neither be destroyed
nor created; it can only change forms.

e. First law of thermodynamics Which of the following processes are involved in


f. Second law of thermodynamics carnot cycle?
g. Third law of thermodynamics
h. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
e. Two isothermal ; two isobaric
f. One isothermal; three adiabatic
In second law of thermodynamic, which of the g. Three isobaric; one adiabatic
following state that no heat engine can have a h. Two adiabatic ; two isothermal
thermal efficiency of 100% or as far as power
plant to operate, the working fluid must
exchange heat with the environment as well as
the furnace. State that the thermal efficiencies of all
reversible heat engines operating between the
a. Kelvin –Plank Statement same two reservoirs are the same, and that no
b. Clausius-Plank Statement heat engine is more efficient than a reversible
c. Clausius Statement one operating between the same two
d. Kelvin Statemen reservoirs.

e. Throttle principle
f. Otto principle
In second law of thermodynamic, which of the g. Carnot principle
following state that no device can transfer heat h. Kelvin principle
from cooler body to a warmer one without
leaving an effect on the surroundings.
A carnot heat engine receives 500KJ of heat per
e. Kelvin –Plank Statement cycle from a high-temperature source at 600 °C
f. Clausius-Plank Statement and rejects heat a low temperature sink at 40°C.
g. Clausius Statement Determine the thermal efficiency of this Carnot
h. Kelvin Statement engine.

a. 93.33% b. 6.67%
It is defined as the amount of light output in c. 35.85% d. 64.15%
lumens per W of electricity consumed.



1
T(

1
T(


40
273

)
600
K
0
.
6415
273
)K
(
64
.L
15
H
%
A piston cylinder device contains a liquid-vapor
mixture of water at 400K. During a constant
pressure process, 700 KJ of heat is transferred A piston cylinder device initially contains 0.8 m3
to the water. As a result, part of the liquid in the of air at 110kPa and 80°C. The air is now
cylinder vaporizes. Determine the entropy compressed to 0.2 m3 in such a way that the
change of the water during this process. temperature inside the cylinder remains
constant. Determine the work done during this
a. 1.75kJ/K b. 280kJ-K c. process.
7000kJ d. 0.57K/kJ
a. -122kJ b. -123kJ
b. c. -124kJ d. -125kJ
Q700
kJ kJ

S 
1.
75
T 400
K K
30.2 1
kJ

W
(
110
kPa
)(
0.
8
m )
ln()( 3
)
12
k
Which of the following equation of state has 0.
81 
kPa
m
two constants?

It is the energy possesses by the system as a


ci. Vander Waals Equation result of its elevation with respect to the
cii. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation gravitational acceleration of the earth.
ciii. Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation
civ. Strobridge Equation a. Potential b.Kinetic
c. Momentum d.Impulse

How many constant are there in Strobridge


Equation of State?
It states that if two bodies are in thermal
a.13 b. 14 c. 15 d. 16 equilibrium with a third body, they are also in
thermal equilibrium with each other.
Which of the following equation of state has
eight constant? a. First law of thermodynamics
b. Second law of thermodynamics
ci. Vander Waals Equation c. Third law of thermodynamics
cii. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation d. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
ciii. Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation
civ. Strobridge Equation Determine the mass of the air in a room whose
dimensions are (5x6x7) cm at 105 kPa and
27°C.
Consider a person standing in a breezy room at
22°C. Determine the total rate of heat transfer '
Rgas
constant
from this person if the exposed surface area
and the average outer surface temperature of 
R'
air0.287
m3
kPa

/kg
K
the person are 1.2 m2 and 33°C, respectively, 3
PV 105kPa (5x
6 x
7m )
and the convection heat transfer coefficient is 6  
m 256
.1
g
W/m2.ε=0.95 and σ=5.67x10-8 W/m4-K4 R'T 0
.287
m3
kPa

/kg
K
(
27 273
K)
a. 120.5J/s b. 135.7J/s
b. c. 143.2J/s d. 151.9J/s
Heat is transferred to a heat engine from a A rigid tank contains a hot fluid that is cooled
furnace at a rate of 92MW. If the rate of waste while being stirred by a paddle wheel. Initially,
heat rejection to a nearby river is 45MW, the internal energy of the fluid is 850kJ. During
determine the net power output and the the cooling process, the fluid loses 550kJ of
thermal efficiency for this heat engine. heat, and the paddle wheel does 200kJ of work
on the fluid. Determine the final energy of the
a. 48.91% b. 51.09% fluid. Neglect the energy stored in the paddle
b. c. 32.84% d. 67.15% wheel.

a. 500kJ b. 550 kJ

H
MJ b. c. 600kJ d. 650 kJ
Q 92
s
 
L
Q MJ
45 Q UW
s

200
kJ(
U 2
850)
kJ550
kJ
Q 45

1 L 
1 0.5109 2
U
(51.09%) 500
kJ
QH 92
The food compartment of a refrigerator is Three moles of an ideal gas are compressed
maintained at 4°C by removing heat from it at a slowly and isothermally from a volume of 5 to
rate of 300 KJ/min. If the required power input 1.5 ft3, at a temperature of 320K. How much
to the refrigerator is 3KW, determine the work is done?
coefficient of performance of the refrigerator.
a. -8.12kJ b. -9.61kJ
c. -10.44kJ d. -11.59kJ
a. 1.67 b. 2.33
b. c. 3.67 A 4-in wall of fire brick, k=9 Btu/(ft2-hr-F/in), has
d. 4. 12
one surface at 300F, the other at 90F. Find the
300
kJ
/min
1kW 2

COP ( 
)167heat conducted through the area of 2ft in 1
.
3kW60min day.
kJ
/

A 50 kg iron block at 80°C is dropped into an a. 22, 680Btu b. 19, 650Btu


insulated tank that contains 0.5 m3 of liquid c. 15,510Btu d. 10,730Btu
water at 25°C. Determine the temperature T Btu 
300
90
when thermal equilibrium reached. The specific 
Q 
kAt(
9 )(
2 2
ft
)(
24
hr
) F

heat of iron is 0.45kJ/kg-°C and for water is  


2
L ft 
F
hr
in
4in

4.18kJ/kg-°C. =
22
,
680
Btu
If 80 g of iron shot at 100C is dropped into 200 g
a. 20. 7°C b. 25.6°C of water at 20C contained in an iron vessel of
b. c. 30.1°C d. 35.6°C mass 50 g, find the resulting temperature.

a. 20.1°C b. 21.8°C
c. 22. 3°C d. 24.6°C

80
(
0.
12
)(
T
2 
100
)200
(
1
)(
T
2
20
)50
(0
.
12
)(
T
22

T
2 
24
.
6C
When a 2lb of brass at 212°F is dropped into 5lb How many zeroes in the measurement
of water at 35°F, the resulting temperature is 0.00020040 are significant?
41.2°F. Find the specific heat of brass in Btu/lb- a. three b. four
°F. c. six d. Seven

Which of the following describes a chemical


change?
a. 1.120 b. 0.091
c. 0.321 d. 1.233 a. Water boiling to form steam
b. Sugar dissolving in a cup of coffee
Q 
lostQgain
c. Hamburger grease solidifying on a
Q  Q plate
brasswater
d. Tarnishing silver
Btu
2
lb(
C )(
212F41
.2
F )5
lb(
1 )(
41.2
F 35
F
)

lbF
Btu
C0 .091

lbF
A homogenous mixture can be separated by all
How much heat is necessary to raise the of the following methods except
temperature of 0.80 kg of ethyl alcohol from
15°C of its boiling point 78.3°C? a. Filtration
b. Chromatography
a.10kcal b. 20kcal c. Crystallization
c. 30kcal d. 40kcal d. Distillation

Q 
mc
t
cal Which of the following is not a pure substance?
Q0
.8kg
(
0 .
6 )(
78
.3
15
)C
g
C
Q30
kcal a. Hydrogen
b. Oxygen
c. Water
The weight-density of air at 32F and 29.92 in Hg d. Milk
pressure is 0.081 lb/ft3. What is its weight-
density, in lb/ft3, at an altitude where the A laboratory experiment was performed to
pressure is 13.73 in Hg and the temperature is - determine the percent by mass of water in a
40F? hydrate. The accepted value is 36.0% water
whose observed value has an error of 5.00%.
a. 0.044 b. 0.055 c. 0.066 d. 0.77 Find the percent by mass of water.

 PV   PV  a. 31.0% water
    b. 36.0% water
 mT 1  mT 2
c. 37.8% water
 P   P 
     d. 41.0% water
 T 1  T 2
 29.92   13.73 
    
 0.081x 273K 1  x 233K 2 36% * 1.05 =37.8%
lb Which of the following phase changes represent
2  0.044 3 sublimation?
ft
a. Solid gas d. Bromine
b. Gas solid
c. Solid liquid From the reaction,
d. Gas liquid

The amount of energy needed to change a How many molecules of can be formed
given mass of ice to water at constant using 2 molecules of NO?
temperature is called the heat of
a. Fusion a. 1 b. 2
b. Formation b. c. 3 d. 4
c. Condensation
d. Crystallization If the volume of the mole of gas molecules
remains constant, lowering the temperature
Which of the following is a binary compound? will make the pressure

a. Hydrochloric acid a. Increase


b. Oxygen b. Decrease
c. Citric acid c. Increase then decrease
d. Sodium chlorate d. Decrease then increase
Whenever you have equal volumes of gases at
An example of a ternary compound is the same temperature and pressure, the
volume must
a. Potassium chlorate
b. Ammonia a. Contain equal number of particles
c. Silver chloride b. Contain 2.4 milliliters of STP
d. Sodium bromide c. Contain one mole of any gas at STP
d. Contain the Avogadro’s number
What is the charge of a hydrogen atom?
What pressure must be applied to 225mL of gas
a. b. c. d. at 1atm to reduce its volume to 100mL?

The impossibility of knowing both the precise a. 0.44atm


location and velocity of subatomic particle at b. 2.25atm
the same time is known as the c. 22500atm
d. 1710atm
A . Diffraction principle b. Probability principle
c. Limiting principl d. Uncertainty principle P1V1=P2V2

How many moles of are present in 44.8L of


at STP?
An atom which has the greatest ability to
attract electron is a. 1.2moles
b. 1.4moles
a. Oxygen c. 2.0moles
b. Nitrogen d. 2.8moles
c. Sulfur
The properties of solution include all of the The wavelength of the red light from a helium-
following except that neon sensor is 633 nm in air but 474 nm in the
aqueous humor inside our eyeballs. Calculate
the speed of light in this substance.
a. It is homogeneous mixture if it has a. 2.25 x 108 m/s b. 3.25 x 108 m/s c.
been well stirred 3.00 x 108 m/s d. 1.25 x 108 m/s
b. Dissolved particles will settle out
upon stirring
c. It is clear and transparent with For the velocity of light in this index we have:
particles too small to be seen (
d. Dissolved particles will pass through
a piece of filter paper
A spaceship moving away from Earth with
speed of 0.900c fires a robot space probe in the
1. Suppose that energy Q is required to
same direction as its motion, with speed of
accelerate a car from rest to v,
0.700c relative to the spaceship. What is the
neglecting friction. How much added
probe’s velocity relative to the Earth?
energy would be required to increase
a.0.900c b. 0.345c
the speed from v to 2v?
c. 0.700c d. 0.982c
a. Q b.2Q c. 3Q d.4Q
Using the equation of Lorentz velocity
transformation, we have
Using the energy equation W=KE2 – (d)
KE1
Q = 0.5mv2 – 0 - condition 1
W = 0.5m(2v)2 – 0.5mv2 - condition 2 In optics, this effect refers to the blurring of the
W=2mv2 – 0.5mv2 = 3(0.5mv2) = 3Q image produced on a concave mirror due to the
Suppose you want to store 1.00 J of electric convergence of rays far from the mirror to
potential energy in a volume of 1.00 m3 in other points on the principal axis. What do you
vacuum. What is the magnitude of the required call this effect?
electric field? a. spherical aberration
a. 0.475 MV/m b. 0.336MV/m b. b. focal divergence
c. 0.225TV/m d. 0.113TV/m c. c. parallax error
d. d. Snell’s effect
1.00J/1.00m3 = 1.00J/m3
In fluid mechanics, this shows that the pressure
of a fluid decreases as the speed of the fluid
increases. In addition, the pressure of a fluid
E=0.475 MV/m (a)
decreases as the elevation increases.
Material a is a water and material b is a glass
a.Clairut’s equation
with index of refraction 1.52. If the incident ray
b. Bernoulli’s equation
makes an angle of 60o with the normal, find the
c. Maxwell’s equation
direction of the reflected ray.
d. Hyrdofluid equation
49.3o b. 91.3o
c. 60o d. 34.7o
In electrodynamics, what term refers to the
According to law of reflection, , hence if
average speed of the charge carriers?
then (c) a. drag velocity
b. b. molecular-kinetic speed
c. c. drift speed and of the vibration of the atoms within the
d. d. charge velocity molecules.
In electromagnetics and wave theory, what
refers to waves, commonly generated by a.Internal Energy b .Heat
electronic devices, whose wavelengths ranges c. Enthalpy d.Entropy
from approximately 0.3m to 10-4 m. Due to their
short wavelengths these are often used in radar
systems and for studying the atomic and “When two bodies, isolated from other
molecular properties of matter. environment, are in thermal equilibrium with a
a. Radio waves third body, the two are in thermal equilibrium
b. Microwaves with each other” is a statement of……..
c. AM waves
d. Radar waves a.1st Law of Thermodynamics
c.2nd Law of Thermodynamic
The property of a substance which remains b. Zeroth Law
constant if no heat enters or leaves the system, d. Maxwell’s Theory of Thermal Equilbrium
while it does work or alters its volume, but
which increases or diminishes should a small Not all energy received as heat by a heat-engine
amount of heat enter or leave. cycle can be converted into mechanical work,
some are also rejected” is a statement of…….
a. internal energy b. system
c. entropy d. enthalpy a.1st Law of Thermodynamic s
b.Zeroth Law
c.2nd Law of Thermodynamics
The quantity of heat required to change the d.Law of Conservation of Energy
temperature of unit mass through one degree.

The combined mass of car and passengers


a.Temperature b. Specific Heat travelling at 72 km/hr is 1500kg. Find the kinetic
c. Thermal Equilibrium d. Calorie energy of this combined mass.

a.300kJ b.330kJ
“If the temperature of a given quantity of gas is c.305kJ d. 310kJ
held constant, the volume of the gas varies
inversely with the absolute pressure during a
change of state” K=mv2 = (1500kg)(72km/hr)2 (1000m/km)2
2k (2)(1kg-m/N-sec2 )(3000 sec/hr)2
a.General Gas Laws b. Joule’s Law
c. Charles’ Law d. Boyle’s Law
= 300,000 J or 300 kJ
An internally reversible process of a substance
during which the pressure remains constant.

a.isometric b.isothermal
c.adiabatic d.isobaric

The energy stored in a substance by virtue of


the activity and configuration of its molecules
A mass of 5kg is 100m above a given datum This Law States that “ The quantity of the
where local g=9.75 m/sec2. Find the substance entering the system is equal to the
gravitational force in newton’s and the substance leaving the system”
potential energy of the mass w/ respect to the
datum. a.1st Law of Thermodynamics
b.Law of Conservation of Mass
a.49.25 N,4925 J b.52.05 N,5205 J c.Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion
c.48.75 N,4875 J d.47.85 N,4785 J d.Law of Conservation of Energy

P = mg z = (5kg)(9.75m/sec2)(100m = “if the pressure of a given quantity of gas is held


4875 J constant, the volume of the gas varies directly
k (1kg-m/N-sec2) with the absolute temperature”

Fg = mg = 5(9.75) = 48.75 N a. General Gas Law b. Boyle’s Law


k 1 c. Charles’ Law d. Joule’s Law

A pressure gage register 50 psig in a region


where the barometer is 14.25 psia. Find the “The Acceleration of a particular body is directly
absolute pressure in Pa. proportional to the resultant force acting on it
and inversely proportional to its mass” is a
a.453 kPa b.434 kPa statement of
c.435 kPa d.443 kPa
a. Joule’s Law
P = Patm + Pg = 14.25 + 50 = 64.25 psia b. 1st Law of Thermodynamics
c. Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion
P = (64.25psia)(6894.8Pa/psi) = 443 kPa d. Boyle’s Law

“Energy is neither created nor destroyed, but is


During an isentropic process of 1.36 kg/sec of converted from one form to another”
air, the temperature increases from 4.44° C to a. 1st Law of Thermodynamics
115.6°C. if Cp=1.0062kNm b. Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion
kg∙K c. 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
for a non-flow process, what is ∆H? d. Law of Conservation of Mass

a.152.2 kg/s b.152.2 J/s A mammography service examined 327 patients


c.152.2 kJ/s d.152.2 Btu/s during the third calendar quarter of 1996. 719
films were exposed during this period, eight of
which were repeats. What is the repeat rate?
∆H = mCp∆T = a. 45.5% b. code 2.45% c. 1.1% d.
1.36kg/s(1.0062kNm/kg∙K)(388.75-277.59K) = 54.52%
152. kJ/s
A type of luminescence where the visible light is Who completes the development of first
emitted only during the stimulation of the computed tomographic (CT) scanner (EMI, Ltd.)
phosphor. in 1973?

a. fluorescence b. phosphorescence
c. after glow d. any of the above a. Mistretta b. Forssmann
c. Kuhl d. Hounsfield

If a heart measures 12.5 cm from side to side at It is the study of the response of an image
its widest point, and its image on chest receptor to x-rays
radiograph measures 14.7 cm, what is the
magnification factor a. sensitometry b. xeroradiography
c. xeroradiometry d. spectrometry
a. 0.85 b. 1.18 c. 0.15 d. 2.2
Ratio of radiographic contrast with a grid to that
Radiation doses in the range of without a grid
approximately200 to 1000 rad produce the
a. grid ratio
a. Gastrointestinal (GI) syndrome b. contrast improvement factor
b. Central Nervous System (CNS) syndrome c. Collidge factor
c. Hematologic syndrome d. Bucky factor
d. Prodomal syndrome
Analysis of persons irradiated therapeutically
Ratio of incident to transmitted radiation with superficial x-rays has shown that the skin
through a grid ratio of patient dose with and erythema dose required to affect 50% of
without grid persons so irradiated is about

a. Bucky factor b. Damadian factor a. 200 rad b. 400 rad


c. Grid ratio d. Roentgen equivalent c. 600 rad d. 800 rad

A radiographic single-phase unit installed in a


private office has a maximum capacity of 100 ECG recording requires a bandwidth of 0.05 to
milliseconds of 120kVp and 500mA. What is the ____ Hz
power rating?
a. 1000 b. 540 c. 100 d. 40

a. 42 kW b. 60 kW c. 600W d. 24kW
Find the potential generated if blood flowing in
a vessel with radius 0.9 cm cuts a magnetic field
of 250 G. Assume a volume flow rate of 175
cubic cm per second

a. 206 uV b. 309 uV
c. 903 uV d. 260 uV
per cubic centimetre of air at standard
temperature and pressure (STP).

a. Curie b. Roentgen
c. Radiation absorbed dose (rad) d. Gray

An optical electronic device that measures the


color concentration of a substance in solution.
Period during which heart contracts.

a. Diastole b. Systole a. colorimeter b. flame photometer


c. block mode d. Synapse c. spectrophotometer d. chromatograph

Apparatus for measuring blood pressure Recording of heart sounds

a. defibrillator b. electrocardiogram a. ultracardiography b. cardioacoustics


c. plethysmograph d. sphygmomanometer c. electrocardiogram d.phonocardiography

Given the energy level of 6.624x10^-18 J


imparted to an electron stream by an X-ray Recorder for measuring galvanic skin resistance
device, calculate the frequency in MHz.

a. 10^6 MHz b. 45.29 MHz a. electrodermograph


c. 10^10 MHz d. 300 MHz b. electromyograph
c. electrocorporealograph
d.electrogalvanograph

10^10 MHz

It was first noted by Heinrich Hertz in 1887 and


won Albert Einstein the Nobel Prize in 1905. It
refers to the emission of electrons from a clean
metallic surface (phototube) when
electromagnetic radiation (light waves or X-
rays) falls onto that surface.

a. Photoelectric effect b. Compton effect


c. Bremsstrahlung d. Mie effect

Unit of radiation exposure or amount of X-ray


radiation that will produce 2.08x10^9 ion pairs