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Appendix P

NDE and Testing Requirements Summary

Reference
Process Welds for which the Inspection and Testing is Required Section

Air Test Through tell-tale holes, all welds of nozzles with single thickness reinforcing plates, saddle 5.16.10, 7.18.2.3
flanges, or integral reinforcing pads. Does not include nozzles on the underside of tank
bottoms or reinforcements that are too narrow.

Air Test Completed tank 7.18.2.6

Air Test Roofs of tanks not designed for liquid loading. 7.18.3.1

Air Test Appendix R tanks: Shell-to-bottom welds which are not complete penetration. R8.2.3

Air Test Appendix R tanks: Completed tank. R.8.4

Air Test Appendix R tanks: Outer tank of a double wall refrigerated tank. R.9

Air Test Appendix Q: The shell-to-bottom welds that are not full penetration. Q.8.2.2

Air Test Appendix Q: Vapor space above hydrostatic test level when the tank is subjected to Q.8.5.1 &
pneumatic pressure. Q.8.5.4

Hydro Shell only if the roof is not designed for liquid loading. 7.18.3.1

Hydro Complete tank including the roof if so designed. 7.18.4.1

Hydro Appendix R tanks. R.8

Hydro Appendix Q. Q.8.1.1

MT Flush type shell connections: Nozzle-to-tank shell, Repad welds, shell-to-bottom reinforcing 5.27.11
pad welds on the root pass, every 1/2 in. of deposited weld, and completed weld.

MT Welds attaching nozzles, manways, and clean out openings unless given a liquid penetrant 7.18.2.2
test.

MT Appendix R carbon steel tanks: all butt welds not completely radiographed, cylindrical wall R.7.5
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to bottom annular plate weld, all welds of openings that are not completely radiographed
(includes progressive MT) attachment welds to primary components, and the second layer
of weld on joints with permanent backing strips.

MT Permanent and temporary attachments if not examined by PT. 7.16.3, R.7.8

PT Appendix R stainless steel tanks: all butt welds not completely radiographed, cylinder wall R.7.5
to bottom annular plate weld, all welds of openings that are not completely radiographed
(includes progressive PT) attachment welds to primary components, and the second layer
of weld on joints with permanent backing strips.

PT Welds attaching nozzles, manways, and clean out openings instead of MT if approved. Not 7.16.4
for Appendix Q tanks.

PT Appendix Q: All longitudinal and circumferential butt-welds not completely radiographed. Q.7.5.a

PT Appendix Q: Cylindrical wall-to-annular plate welds. Q.7.5.b

PT Appendix Q: Opening welds that are not radiographed. PT the root pass and every 1/2 in. of Q.7.5.c
deposited weld metal.

PT Appendix Q: Attachment welds of non-pressure parts to primary components. Q.7.5.d

PT Appendix Q: The second pass of joints on which backing strips are to remain. Q.7.5.e

PT Appendix Q: Base metal repairs for erection lug removal areas on primary components. Q.7.9

P-1

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P-2 API STANDARD 620

Reference
Process Welds for which the Inspection and Testing is Required Section

RT 100% butt welds of joints with plate thicker than 1.25 in. and tension stress greater than 0.1 5.26.2, 5.26.3
times the specified minimum tensile stress of the material and where required by joint
efficiency.

RT Spot examination for all butt-welded main joints that are not 100% radiographed except for 7.17.2.1
roof joints exempted by Table 5-2, tank bottoms fully supported, and components designed
for compressive stress only (5.26.4).

RT Flush-type shell connections. 5.27.11

RT Appendix Q: 100% of butt-welds with operating stress greater than 0.1 times plate tensile Q.7.6.1
strength.

RT Appendix Q: Spot RT butt-welds with operating stress less than or equal to 0.1 times the Q.7.6.2
plate tensile strength.

RT Appendix Q: 100% of butt-welds around thickened insert plates. Q.7.6.3

RT Appendix Q: All three plate butt joints except flat bottoms uniformly supported. Q.7.6.4

RT Appendix Q: 25% of butt-welded annular plate radial joints shall have 6-in. radiographs Q.7.6.5
taken at the outside of the selected joints.

RT Appendix Q: 25% of butt-welded compression bar radial joints shall have 6-in. radiographs Q.7.6.6
except as required by 5.26.3.3.

RT Appendix Q: 100% of longitudinal butt welds in pipes and pipe fittings containing liquids Q.7.7.2
within the limitations of 1.3.2 except for pipe 12 in. diameter or less that has been welded
without filler metal and has been hydrotested.

RT Appendix Q: 100% of longitudinal butt welds in pipes and pipe fittings containing vapor Q.7.7.3
within the limitations of 1.3.2 except for pipe 18 in. diameter or less that has been welded
without filler metal and has been hydrotested.

RT Appendix Q: 30% of all circumferential welded pipe joints. Q.7.7.4

RT Appendix Q: 100% of butt-welded joints used to fabricate tank fittings. Q.7.7.5

RT Appendix R tanks: Primary-component butt welds. R.7.6

RT Appendix R tanks: Butt welds in piping. R.7.7

VB Bottom Welds unless tested by tracer gas. 7.18.2.4

VB Appendix R tanks: all bottom welds, full penetration shell-to-bottom welds, and fillet welds R.8.2.1, R.8.2.2,
around bottom openings that do not receive repad pressure test. R.8.2.5

VB Appendix Q: All bottom welds and full penetration joints between the shell and bottom. Q.8.2.1

VB Appendix Q: Welds above hydro test level when the inner tank pneumatic pressure is Q.8.2.4
equalized on both sides.

VB Appendix Q: Attachment fillets around bottom openings that cannot be tested by air Q.8.2.5
pressure behind the repads.

VE Tack welds left in place. 6.9.1.4

VE All welds. 7.15.5


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VE Shell-plate butt welds. 7.16.1

VE Appendix Q: Base metal repairs for erection lug removal areas on secondary components. 7.16.1

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DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF LARGE, WELDED, LOW-PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS P-3

Reference
Process Welds for which the Inspection and Testing is Required Section

VE Welds attaching nozzles, manways, and clean out openings. 7.16.4

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Definitions:

MT= Magnetic Particle Examination


PT = Liquid Penetrant Examination
Pen Oil = Penetrating Oil Test
RT = Radiographic Testing
VB = Vacuum Box Testing
VE = Visual Examination

Acceptance Standard:

MT: ASME Section VIII, Appendix 6, Paragraphs 6-3, 6-4, and 6-5
PT: ASME Section VIII, Appendix 8, Paragraphs 8-3, 8-4, and 8-5
VE: API 620, Sections 7.15.5.2 and 7.15.5.3
RT: ASME Section VIII, Paragraph UW-51(b)

Examiner Qualifications:

MT: API 620, Section 7.15.2.3


PT: API 620, Section 7.15.4.3
VE: None
VB: None
RT: ASNT Level II or III

Procedure Requirements:

MT: ASME Section V, Article 1, T-150


PT: ASME Section V, Article 6
VE: None
VB: None
RT: A procedure is not required. However, the examination method must comply with ASME
Section V, Article 2.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API Licensee=FMC Technologies /5914950002
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale, 04/08/2009 20:53:15 MDT