9 views

Uploaded by Hari Krishna Aryan

- Adding Complex Numbers.
- Flower of Life Vol II
- Golden Ratio
- Cliff s Notes Geometry
- CGI Placement Paper Aptitude General 29145
- Cat 2009 Quant Test 49
- Geometry Vocab Book
- Unawe Paper Sunrays Guide
- Verification Example the First Step is To
- Rancangan Pelajaran Tahunan Tingkatan 1
- LP MATH F1 2012
- unit 4
- Class X math
- Math Notes
- Understanding Quadrilaterals
- celik-go lesson plan- literacy
- Copia de Geometry Evaluations
- educ 330-avondale lesson 2 wp
- educ 330-avondale lesson 2 wp
- may2-6

You are on page 1of 7

Areas

Areas of some well-known figures are given below:

Perimeter in Do You Know?

S. Area in

Name Figure units of

No square units

length Square:

Diagonal = a 2

b Rectangle:

1. Rectangle 2(a + b) ab

a Diagonal = a 2 + b2

a = length

Parallelogram:

b = breadth

The diagonals bisec

2. Square 4a o

1 adjacent angles = 180

a (diagonal)2

a = side 2 Rhombus:

a The diagonals cut at

b

right angles

h b

1 2 1

a2 = ( d1) + ( d2)2

Parallelogra a 2 2

3. 2(a + b) ah

m a = side

b = side adjacent to a

h = distance between

the opp. parallel sides

a

d1 Quadrilateral

a 1 T

d2 a d1d2 Parallelogram r

2 a

Rhombus a p

4a Rectangle e

4. a = side of rhombus; z

d1,d2 are the two i

Square u

diagonals m

D C

h1

h2

A B

1

5 Quadrilateral Sum of its (AC) (h1 +

AC is one of its 2

four sides

diagonals and h1, h2 h2)

are the altitudes on

AC from D, B

respectively.

b

1

Trapezium Sum of its four h(a + b)

a 2

sides

6. a, b, are parallel sides

and h is the distance

between parallel sides

a c

h

1

b

b×h

a + b + c = 2s 2

7. Triangle b is the base and h is where s is the or

the altitude. semi perimeter. s(s − a)(s − b)(s − c)

a, b, c are three sides

of ∆.

d

h

Right

8. b+h+d 1

triangle b bh

d(hypotenuse) 2

= b 2 + h2

a a

h

1

(i) ah

Equilateral a 2

9. 3a

triangle 3 2

a = side (ii) a

4

3

h = altitude = a

2

a a

Isosceles c 4a 2 − c 2

10. 2a + c

triangle c 4

c = unequal side

a = equal side

d

a

a

d(hypotenuse) 1 2

11. 2a + d a

Isosceles =a 2 2

right triangle a = Each of equal

sides.

The angles are 90o,

45o, 45o.

r

•

r = radius of the circle

22

π= or 3.1416

7

13. Semicircle •

r r 1 2

πr + 2r πr

r = radius of the circle 2

R

Ring r •

14. (shaded …. π (R2 – r2)

region)

R = outer radius

r = inner radius

r θo r

l + 2r

Sector of a l where l = θ

15. × πr2

circle θo = central angle of θ 360

×2πr

the sector 360

r = radius of the

sector l = length of

the arc

has diameter 1 m. When water in it is 10 cm

deep then the width of water surface AB is equal

A B 10 cm

to ________ cm.

(1) 10 cm (2) 25 cm

(3) 60 cm (4) 70 cm

(5) None

100

Sol. Let O be the centre of circle.

O

In ∆OAD

50 cm 40 cm 50 cm

502 = 402 + x2

2

2500 – 1600 = x A x D x B

x2 = 900

10 cm

x = 30

∴ AB = 2x = 60 cm. Answer: (3)

Ex.2 Area of the shaded region is

r

4π − 3 3 − 4 2 4π − 8 3 2

(1) r (2) r

4 4

4π − 3 3 + 4 2 4π − 3 3 − 4 2 60o 60

o

(3) r (4) r

4 4

(5) None of these

1 3 3 2 3 3 2

Sol. Area of the semi-hexagonal patch = × r = r

2 2 4

r

Area of the semi-square patch = 2r× = r2

2

3 3 2

Area of shaded region = πr2 – r2 – r

4

( 4π − 4 − 3 3 ) 2

= r. Answer: (1)

4

Volume MENION

S. No of the Shape of the solid curved area Volume Abbreviations

solid surface area Used

l = length

h b = breath

1. Cuboid 2h (l + b) 2(lb + bh + lh) lbh h = height

b

l

a a = length of

2 2 3

4a 6a a edge

2. Cube a

a

2 (area of one

(perimeter of

Right end) + lateral Area of

3. base) ×

prism surface area base ×

Height

height

r

r = radius of

Right h base

4. circular 2πrh 2πr(r + h) πr2h h = height of

cylinder r the cylinder

1 1

(Perimeter Area of the (Area of

2 3

5. of the base) × base + lateral

Right base) ×

(slant height) surface area

pyramid height

h l h = height

1 2

6. Right πr(l + r) πr h r = radius

r

πr l 3 l = slant height

circular

cone

Lateral/

S. Nature of Shape of the Total surface

curved Volume Abbreviations

No the solid solid area

surface area Used

r = radius

r

• 4 3

7. –– 4πr2 πr

3

Sphere

r = radius

r

⎛2 3⎞

8. 2πr2 3πr2 ⎜ πr ⎟

Hemi- ⎝3 ⎠

sphere

R

R = outer radius

r r = inner radius

4

9. –– 2

4π (R –r )

2

π(R3–r3)

Spherical 3

shell

R = larger radius

R r = smaller

Volume of πh 2 2

10. h (R + r + Rr) radius

bucket 3

h = height

r

Length of a diagonal:

The length of diagonal of a cuboid = l2 + b 2

+ h 2

Ex.1 An insect is crawling to climb a 20 metre long pipe of diameter 3.5 metres. If the insect take 4

circular rounds to reach the top of the building, then what will be total distance (in nearer

metres) traveled by insect to reach the top?

(1) 47 m (2) 48 m (3) 49 m (4) 50 m

Sol. Since the insect is moving in circular way, so it will cover the distance which will be 4 times the distance

of the longest side AB of a right angled triangle. In the figure AO is equal to the circumference of the

pipe.

5

22

AO = πd = x3.5 = 11 m

7

5

BO = 5 m

5

Hence distance in nearer meters = 48 m

A 2πr O

Ex.2 The surface area of a cube is 726 sq metres. Find the volume of the cube.

(1) 1234 m2 (2) 1431 m2 (3) 1341 m (4) 1331 m (5) None of these

2

Sol. Surface area S = 726 m Volume V = ?

In a cube,

S = 6a2 = 726 ⇒ a2 = 121 ⇒ a = 11 m

So, V = a3 = 113 = 1331 m3. Answer: (4)

- Adding Complex Numbers.Uploaded byAsgar Garcia Mocles
- Flower of Life Vol IIUploaded bymsngr00
- Golden RatioUploaded byJohan Papado
- Cliff s Notes GeometryUploaded byKamal Sharma
- CGI Placement Paper Aptitude General 29145Uploaded byrv2048
- Cat 2009 Quant Test 49Uploaded bycomplore
- Geometry Vocab BookUploaded bymlamb2011
- Unawe Paper Sunrays GuideUploaded byunawe
- Verification Example the First Step is ToUploaded bydr_ar_marwat
- Rancangan Pelajaran Tahunan Tingkatan 1Uploaded byHas Ani
- LP MATH F1 2012Uploaded byDeqZain Mohd
- unit 4Uploaded byapi-260708970
- Class X mathUploaded byPavithra Prakash
- Math NotesUploaded byRavi Chandra
- Understanding QuadrilateralsUploaded byBarun Singh
- celik-go lesson plan- literacyUploaded byapi-300594347
- Copia de Geometry EvaluationsUploaded byCarlos Romero
- educ 330-avondale lesson 2 wpUploaded byapi-299932472
- educ 330-avondale lesson 2 wpUploaded byapi-299932472
- may2-6Uploaded byapi-316587775
- YPlanUploaded byCikgu Syed
- Understanding Elementary Shapres _ Print - QuizizzUploaded byHarshit Pathak
- portfolios mat 207Uploaded byapi-311712773
- 0607_s15_qp_43Uploaded byPhilip White
- celik-go lesson plan- literacyUploaded byapi-300594347
- JBMO_ShortLists-2001-Uploaded byOkla
- Nov 2003 P1Uploaded byapi-26543952
- 01.012-027.bab.1Uploaded byRizaLukman
- PartI2011Solns.pdfUploaded bySahabudeen Salaeh
- 1966Uploaded byLalith77

- IS 7272 1974Uploaded bygangulyranjith6112
- Safety ItemsUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- 156127540 BOQ PlantationUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- BOQ PlantationUploaded byUTTAL RAY
- is.7272.1.1974_0Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Plumbing DrawingsUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- IS 13159Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Brochure Jim Hg FuUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- E54152 Product Catalogue 2017Uploaded byjovares2099
- MensurationUploaded byPradeep Beldar
- e1e-011.pdfUploaded bydownload
- MS-01-147Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Bushan Power Steel PipeUploaded byKarthikeyan Visvak
- text 1Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Untitled 1Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Bar Bending Schedule OF Box Culvert.xlsUploaded byeye4aneye1989
- Pile Foundation Rate AnalysisUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Book1.xlsxUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- Book1.xlsxUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- ADB Format CV 1Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- QuantityUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- ED-001Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- GreenUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- ConcreteUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- BBS.xlsxUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- BbsUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- L1(1)Uploaded byHari Krishna Aryan
- ConcreteUploaded byHari Krishna Aryan

- Precalculus Unit Test 1 ExamUploaded byjun del rosario
- Angle in PolygonsUploaded byWindy Wayne
- MODULE 16 PMR - Scale Drawing Solid GeometryUploaded byDerek Ma
- Tessellation NotesUploaded bySara
- 12 chapter12 186-220Uploaded byapi-258749062
- D 2 S 2modUploaded bykunalgtt
- OEC2068BS_SLC_MathsCompulsory.pdfUploaded byAnonymous z3ihT9DJ1v
- 02_5HYPERBOLA_37-43_Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Practice Makes Perfect 3 (Loci in Two Dimensions)Uploaded bydikwanz
- Geometry Formulas 2.pdfUploaded byAhmed Azad
- Analytic GeometryUploaded byTristan
- Introduccion_a_las_curvas_elipticasUploaded byYla Wmbo
- Circle Prob Maths Mcq a DasguptaUploaded byArjun Here
- Induction Heating 2Uploaded byD.n.Prasad
- pythagoean theoromUploaded byapi-194648552
- Geometry iUploaded bySAIKAT SENGUPTA
- Volume of PrismUploaded byTrudi Bromwell
- 3rd_Periodical_Examination_-_Math_9_Regu.docxUploaded byMaria Mae
- Kisi-kisi MatematikaUploaded byFarhan Almasyhur
- Question Paper Maths XUploaded byAditya Maira
- Geometry and MensurationUploaded byRitsikaGurram
- ED-Course_FileUploaded bynveman
- math lesson plan 5 - geometryUploaded byapi-317717290
- Imo Problem Solution 1959 2009Uploaded byKun Zhou
- 1_3_1_2_1Uploaded byHimanshu Gupta
- Chap 08Uploaded bynicolas_urdaneta
- ques1Uploaded byCA Hema Sharma
- Engineering Graphics Class Test IIIUploaded byGinu Thomas
- 3 D GEOMETRYUploaded bySriram_V
- 40370171-How-to-Teach-Paper-folding-and-Cutting-1892-From-www-jgokey-com.pdfUploaded byorigamimen