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Technical Quality & Risk Guide

For Internal Use only

Thorough Inspection of Lifting Accessories


In-service Inspection & Verification - GM IVS 002
December 2011

Move Forward with Confidence


INDUSTRY & FACILITIES

GM IVS 002 Thorough Inspection of Lifting Accessories


Rev 00

Date of first edition: 20/10/2011

Date of last revision: NA

Classification:
Category: In-service Inspection & Verification/Equipment Inspection/ Lifting and handling equipment
Corporate Product Code: I 22 (or I 10 by default in case of Multi Technical Fields)

Editor(s): Ad Hoc Group: (i.e. Ananthakrishnan Mukundamony, Alain Chandèze, Arnaud Marquant,
Alexandre Crinière, and Alain Henckes)
Editor Manager: Arnaud Marquant
Approved by: Alain Henckes

Forward:
The objective of this guide is to define minimum requirements for in-service inspections and should be
mandatory used, unless a specific regulation in force is available in a country. In this latter case, the criteria
enclosed could be added for a professional management of a lifting equipment park.
This is the free synthesis of the following:
• Lifting Operation and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER),

st
French Regulation which came in force on March 1 2004 for inspection of lifting equipment and
their hoisting accessories,
• BV experience feedback,
It gives a general indication of some of the main requirements focused on priority to safety criteria and it is
organised to be fulfilled during the inspection.
After satisfactory completion of examination a Certificate including an annex shall be issued, and a Defect
Report will be issued for equipment failing the acceptance criteria for thorough inspection.
If some appliances identified by the customer in a contract are not available, a Non Available Report has to be
issued including a detailed list of accessories not inspected.

Note: The paragraph numbering adopted in the following guides, for every equipment, is derived from a global
matrix valid for all lifting appliances and their accessories

As a result, the numbering for particular lifting equipment - e.g. Accessories - does not include all paragraphs of
this set.

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 1/43


Rev 00
SUMMARY

0.0 DESCRIPTION 3
3.4 FIXATIONS – ASSEMBLIES 8
3.9 FRAME STRUCTURE 9
9.1 FASTENERS (CLAMPS, CLIPS, STRAPS) 10
9.2 GRIPPERS 13
9.4 MAIN RUNNERS AND LINES, GUYS (WIRE ROPES OR CHAINS) 16
10.8 DRIVE COMPONENTS, COUPLINGS, CONNECTIONS 19
15.0 BELOW-THE-HOOK E.G. C-HOOKS 20
15.1 BELOW-THE-HOOK E.G. COIL LIFTER 23
15.2 BELOW-THE-HOOK E.G. TONG GRAB 26
15.3 BELOW-THE-HOOK E.G. SPREADER BEAM 29
15.4 BELOW-THE-HOOK E.G. CHAINS, HOOKS AND SLINGS 33
CERTIFICATE OF THOROUGH INSPECTION OF LIFTING ACCESSORIES 37
ANNEX TO CERTIFICATE OF THOROUGH INSPECTION 38
REPORT OF NON-AVAILABLE 39
DEFECT REPORT 40

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Rev 00
0.0 Description

Spreaders

Lifting beam with hooks

Vacuum spreader

Electromagnetic spreader

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Rev 00
Skidding scissors – Equipment tong grab

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Rev 00
Grap and docker’s hooks

Lower blocks

C-Hooks Shackles

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Rev 00
Rings Slings

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Rev 00
Motorized rotating bottom block Hooks

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Rev 00
3.4 Fixations – assemblies

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop of the suspended lifting tool Selection of appropriate lifting tool and fixing Inspect the lifting tool fixing assembly for structural deformation or cracks.
along with the load due to sudden assembly. Check there is no unwanted or uncontrolled movements of components during
break or distortion of the fixing operation.
Lifting tool fixing assemblies are to be
assembly.
designed, manufactured and tested to
Injury / death of personnel. specific standards by the manufacturer.
Lifting tool fixing assembly is maintained as
per manufacturer’s instruction.

Ensure, by visual inspection:


 Every element of assembly is correctly fastened (axles,
pins, shafts, bolts, rivets ...) Check:
 Implementation is properly carried with no unlocked bolts,  General condition for use,
no skimpy bolts, no missing pins or spindles, or stopping  Stopping devices,
devices.
 Clearances of mobile parts of
 Check carefully that the pins shafts are not broken, units.
sheared, oxidized or under-dimensioned with no
excessive clearance (out-of-roundness of housing or
bolts)

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Rev 00
3.9 Frame structure

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop of the suspended load du to Framing or structure components of Inspect the frame/ structure of the lifting accessory for abnormal defects such as
the deformation or sudden breaking lifting accessories must be cracks, distortions, corrosion, etc.
of the frame structure manufactured in compliance with
Ensure that no un-approved repairs are carried out on the frame / structure.
manufacturer’s specifications and
Injury to personnel in the work area.
applicable regulations,
Damage to crane components.
Damage to the dropped load. Particular attention should be paid to
the conditions of their use. The safe
working load should be in
appropriateness (in particular by
ensuring they meet the hoist equipment
used),

Respect the good engineering practices


concerning the storage of the
accessories in order to be sure that it
won’t be used in unsuitable conditions
of work.

Welds working under continual alternating flexing

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Rev 00
9.1 Fasteners (clamps, clips, straps)

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Slip of the load hook from hoist wire Ensure the appropriate fasteners are selected and are Check by visual inspection:
rope resulting in the fall of load hook installed as per the manufacturer’s recommendation.
 Clamping devices,
along with the suspended load
Fasteners are to be designed and manufactured to
 Fixing devices,
specific standards by the manufacturer.
 Clearances of mobile parts
Fasteners are maintained as per manufacturer’s
instruction.  Accessories especially on tightened parts.
Inspect the connection pin and bulldog clamps.

The cable-clip should never be directly in contact with the wedge or with the box itself
(ensure that the tightening is secured exclusively by the box).

The cable-clip should, in no way, tighten the pulling strand whatever the outfitting direction
(risk of significant loss of resistance of the cable

Strands must be straight in the wedge-box, with no folding and no cut strands.

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Rev 00
Check the condition of the fastening:
 Distorsion
 Wear Check the wear of the cable lug
 Marking

Check the distortion and


wear of the terminal

Check there is no broken strand


in this area

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Rev 00
Fastening system on the drum
The fastening system shall be easily checked. The manufacturer must be able
to justify by calculation that the fastening system is able to resist at least 3 times
the safe working load of the cable.
Note: There is no regulatory requirement regarding the minimum number of
windings that must remain on the drum regardless of the working position of the
hook, except for appliances “non-CE” marked appliances and used in building
construction and public works for which the value 3 is demanded.

Ensure that:

 Fastening endpoints are in good conditions: the position of the cables is


correct with the fasteners,
 Fasteners are properly positioned and secured on the equipment,
 No cracks, no releasing,
 No slipping and no strand failure at the output of the fasteners.

Fastening system of the chains

Standardized link chains are anchored by various means


such as pegs (Fig. 12) or screw with protective buffers (Fig.
11).
The other end, if attached to the hook is stuck in the forks,
all remaining kept in a protective bell (Fig. 10).

Check that every point of mooring chains is in good


condition and can’t cause inadvertent uncoupling.
Example: excessive clearance of the pin in the row due to a
severe wear, no stopper at the end of the shaft, improper
fixing of the flange, cracks of welded ears of the flange.

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Rev 00
9.2 Grippers

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Load failure Use a hook designed to prevent the accidental Visual inspection of the load-handling devices,
dropping of loads.
Inspect the hooks for free movement of the safety latches.
Install a safety latch on all types of hooks.
Prohibit access to the lifting areas where the
lifting is maintained by electromagnetic or
vacuum, by unsecured grabs, docker’s hooks,
clamshell buckets.

Check for the hook


 No strongly marked burring
 Excessive wear Swivel
 No unacceptable distortion (such as twist ....)
 No crack.
 An opening wider than the original one
 Good condition of fixing and safety devices are in place (stops, brakes, pins, etc...) Safety latch with a
 Full rotation (swivel). retaining spring
 Safety latch in proper condition (if any)
 If one of the conditions listed above is not satisfactory, require the replacement of the hook or
the reconditioning (if this type of repair is allowed by the manufacturer)

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Rev 00
For any other gripping devices, check:

• That every overall part is safe for use and without any defect such as:
 Excessive wear
 Severe deformation

• That supports of mooring chains or cables are in good condition.

Take steps to prohibit access in the lifting areas


when the gripping devices comprising an electro-
magnet, a clamp, a grab, a hook, a clamshell bucket
or vacuum lifting beams are operating.

Check the hoisting chains.

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Rev 00
Tapered wedge with mechanical tie-up device

Vacuum lifting beam.

Check condition of vacuum lifting beam


Vérifier le jeu des axes
Ainsi que leur dispositif d’arrêt  Cracks
 Deformations
Check possible  Detachment
deformations of hoisting
parts and their locking and their power system:
devices as well
 Piping
 Fitting

Check:
 Condition of axis, stopping and removable devices,
clearances,
 Condition of handling parts
 No deformation
 Wears
 Clearance of pins, axles and actuating cylinders

Check the condition of the power supply system:


 Flexibility
 Leaks
Grab  Quick coupling Clamshell bucket
 Rigid piping

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Rev 00
9.4 Main runners and lines, guys (wire ropes or chains)

RISK CONTROL MEASURE METHODOLOGY

Load failure due to snapping of wire rope. Proper design / selection of wire rope / chains as per relevant Inspect the physical condition of the wire rope for any
standards and Periodic maintenance. visual defects such as broken wires, crushing, corrosion
Damage to crane parts / pulleys due to
buildup, kinks, wire rope twists, etc.
damaged wire rope.
Note: ISO 4309 provides details on: Inspect the physical condition of the chain for any visual
Injury to operator / maintenance personnel.
defects such as corrosion buildup, kinks in th link, link
 Maintenance, installation, testing and removal of wire
twists, etc.
ropes.
 Failure of a strand or the core of a wire ropes Inspect and confirm the diameter of the wire rope or
 Rupture of external and close wires of a wire ropes chain
(one or two rope lays). Inspect the diameter for any reduction.
 Apparent and significant wears (that occur on the
portion of the wire ropes in contact with pulleys or friction
Verify the wire rope or chain certificate and ensure that
areas). the same is in line with the manufacturer’s specification
 Corrosion (with complete disposal as soon as a wire is
attacked and starts to lose its section)
Important distortion (wire ropes enhance / lubrication of wire
rope.

Wire rope
Ensure the wire ropes are not worn or defective.
Check the proper condition of wire rope.
Apply the wire rope removal criteria:
 Broken or cut strands
 Flat areas caused by wearing
 Reduction of the ND (Nominal Diameter) over than 10%
 Excessive distortion
 Crushing…
 Bent, flattened, unstrained ... reduction of section when the wire rope
Brocken Strand Kink
is winded on pulleys

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Rev 00
Especially check:
 Parts of the wire rope subjected to simple bending (on drum)
 Parts of the wire rope subjected to alternating bending (on
pulleys)
 Parts of the wire rope subjected to permanent bending
(pressure pulley balancing)
 The ends of the wire rope clamps (drum, fixed point)

Brocken Strand

Chains
Check by visual inspection that the chains are not worn or defective.
Terms for disposal: the strength of a chain being the strength of the weakest link, it should
discard the chain that have a link :

 worn (max 10% ND of the wire),


 bent
 elongated (max 10% of rope lay)
 flattened
 cracked

Chain link Chan link cut Chain link Chain link warped
out-of-true out-of-true

Nominal Diameter of the


chain strand

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Rev 00
The chain is twisted

The chain is straight

Roller and butt-joined link chains.


Chains:
 Ensure that the chains do not show wear or defects likely to reduce their strength,
 Check the condition of chains,
 Apply the criteria for removal of chains.

For butt-joined link and roller chains ask for replacement of the whole chain where they are:
 Twisted,
 Having a broken link or bent link ...,
 Which is longer over 3% of the nominal length.

Where the fixation line of the butt-joint link chain is worn:


Replace the worn parts by original parts or by some with equivalent
characteristics.

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Rev 00
10.8 Drive components, couplings, connections

RISQUES MOYENS A METTRE EN ŒUVRE METHODOLOGIE DE VERIFICATION

Loss of control of horizontal or Ensure that all the below the hook lifting equipments During the inspection of the lifting tool, carry out a no-load function test
vertical movements, drop of are subjected to periodic maintenance as per to ensure that all the couplings and connection are functioning smoothly.
suspended loads, collapse of manufacturer’s instruction.
supports or devices (below gantry
crane)

Ensure during the tests:


 The lack of abnormal functioning noise (e.g. "cracking" characterizing the mechanical deterioration of
the coupling or wedge keying)
 The clearances are not excessive (between seals and couplings)
 The lack of vibrations characterizing of a misalignment.
 The condition of the shafts, gimbals, elastic or semi-elastic couplings (belts, chains), output shafts
housings, bearings and any fasteners.
 The lack of broken gear,
 The lack of defective winches fasteners or drive motor fixings,
 The lack of lubrication on main bearings

Check :
 Clearances
 Every end-play take-up
 Distortions
 Seizing

Articulation of the lifting movement


Transmission device of lifting equipment

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Rev 00
15.0 Below-the-hook e.g. C-hooks

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop in load due to sudden break of C-Hook are to be designed and manufactured to specific Perform a complete visual inspections during no-load and on-load
the hook anchoring point from the standards by the manufacturer. tests to detect distortions or bents,
crane hook, unbalance due to
C-Hooks are maintained as per manufacturer’s Check paint parts and ask for NDT if doubt is raised.
deformation of the C-Hook structure
instruction.
Bear special attention about welds repaired and uncontrolled
deposition welding

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Rev 00
1) First do a preliminary visual inspection of the entire equipment to look for
obvious problem areas with no bail wear, no bent bails and no bent lower arm.
Then ensure that the manufacturer’s nameplate and safety labels are attached
Concentrate on visually looking for cracks at the crotch of the C-hook
Look for paint cracking at the crotch (note that many times the base metal will
yield more than the hardened layer of paint on the surface).
Welds that hold the bail to the base metal should be inspected. Especially those
that hold the counterweights onto the C-hook.

2) The next inspection is to verify that the lower arm has not been bent so that it
is out of parallel with the C-hook, or bent down because of excessive load (note
that more than 12 mm variance would be considered unacceptable).

3) Pads that may be applied on the nose of the C-hook or on the back vertical
riser, revolving belts or other assemblies that protect the coil should be
inspected even it is usually not structural concern.

4) Finally the following items could be performed after removing paints and other
debris: Dye-penetrant checks at lower and upper crotch of the C-hook as well as
at all welds on the bail assembly (and bail pin if applicable)

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Rev 00
Small crane C-hook Traditional C-hook with Visible lift capacity (7000 LBS or 3.5 Levelling C-hook Pipe Lifter
counterweight tons)

Note 1: Safety recommendation about welding.


Many C-hooks are made from special alloys and require special welding procedures, so welding on C-hook should only be done after consulting with
the manufacturer.
No welding should be done on any portion of the equipment and spare parts that had not been originally welded by the manufacturer on under his
control.
File manufacturer should be made available on request.

Note 2: Pay attention especially when components of the work processing line are among the least expensive and repetitive used.

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Rev 00
15.1 Below-the-hook e.g. Coil Lifter

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop in load due to sudden break of Coil Lifters are to be designed and manufactured to Perform a complete visual inspection during no-load and on-load
the coil lifter anchoring point from specific standards by the manufacturer. tests to detect distortions or bents,
the crane hook or deformation of the
Coil Lifters are maintained as per manufacturer’s Check paint parts and ask for NDT (Non Destructive Testing) if doubt
coil lifer structure.
instruction. is raised,
Injury to personnel
Check the electrical control components,
Damage to crane components
Bear special attention about geometrical alignments.

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Rev 00
1) First do a preliminary visual inspection of the entire equipment to look for
obvious problem areas with no bail wear, smooth operation of the sliders,
smooth rotation of the grab (if applicable), all guards and stops are attached.
Ensure that the manufacturer’s nameplate and safety labels are attached
Check each of the safety features associated with the lifter (interlock that
prevents loss of control of the load, including flappers or proximity sensors).
Note that many coil lifters have a device that detects when a coil is engaged and
simultaneously disables the ability of the grab to open the sliders. If there is any
indication that this safety feature does not work, the lifter should immediately
tagged out of service until repairs can be made.

2) Structural components can be inspected through visual inspection of slider,


including verification that the wear surfaces are properly greased and have no
excessive gouges.

3) The welds at the “knee” of the slider (the 90° t urn when the slider becomes
the vertical leg) and the horizontal pads should be checked for obvious cracks.

4) Electrical devices, including the wiring to the sensors and motors should
reveal no indications of burned or cracked wire insulation, foreign material lying
or obvious loose connections. Discrepancies to look for include frayed wires,
sliced insulation, stretched or taut wires, discoloured insulation or broken
connectors.
Once the lifter is re-energized, the pendent should be tested through all of its
operations to verify that all controls function properly.

5) Mechanical drive and rotation (if applicable) components should be inspected


for wear alignment. Verify the integrity of the bearings, chains, belts, couplings,
clutches and other drive components. During the drive system operation watch
for noises or irregularities that could indicate potential problems.

Note: Safety recommendation about NDT, dimensional checks,


If dye-penetrant checks are performed, it should be after removing paint, oil and
other debris. It should indicate no cracks in the welds or in the base metal of the
pin.
Alignment of the bull gears in the drive components: significant changes over
time in angles (incl. gear rack) may indicate unacceptable wear or bearing
failure.

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Rev 00
Coil lifter and Coil grab

Measure the clear height with the sliders closed and then when opens. Most
models experience a difference in the clear height in these two positions when
the slider droops at their furthest extension. (If this clear height sharply increases
over time or the sliders hang up when fully extended, there is indication that the
wear surfaces have excessive wear).
Legs should operate simultaneously. If the coil grab has a drive and idler side
configuration, measure the difference between when the drive side starts
movement and when the idler actuates. If this difference sharply increases over
time, bearing, chain or belt failure may be indicated. Chains or belts should be
adjusted. An approximately 2% slack is allowed.

Coil grab with weigh system

Motorized rotating drum tilter

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Rev 00
15.2 Below-the-hook e.g. Tong Grab

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop in load due to sudden break of Tong Grab are to be designed and manufactured to Perform a complete visual inspection during no-load and on-load
the Tong Grab anchoring point from specific standards by the manufacturer. tests to detect distortions or bents,
the crane hook, deformation of the
Tong Grab are maintained as per manufacturer’s Check paint parts and ask for NDT if doubt is raised,
Tong Grab structure
instruction.
Check the electrical control components.
Injury to personnel
Bear special attention about geometrical alignments, cleanliness and
Damage to crane components
minimal maintenance requirements.

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Rev 00
First do a preliminary visual inspection of the entire tong crab to look for obvious
problem areas: bail wear, smooth operation of the linkages and safety latch, all
guards and stops are attached.

Ensure that the manufacturer’s nameplate and safety labels are attached.

Then the following components are reviewed:


 Inspect the bail and determine the loss of material that has occurred
where the tong interfaces with the hook.
 Inspect the pins that connect the linkage of the tong. If there is more
than 3 to 5% of wear indications, ask for replacement or consult the
manufacturer.
 Inspect the automatic latch. No wear at interface between the piston
and the catch:
 are the pins that connect the linkage straight and round? No
distortion.
 are the retaining devices that hold the pins in place (collars, roll
pins, cotter pins) intact or working properly?
 are the bushings in good condition, or are they cracked and worn?
 are the legs of the tong straight, and do they meet in the center
when the tong is closed? Bent linkages could indicate the tong has
experienced excessive loadings and have caused permanent
yielding.
 have any unauthorized modifications been performed on the tong?
 operate the grab and verify that it works smoothly and properly
(swivel, rotate if applicable)
 are the pads or points worn to the extent that they need
replacement? It is important that these interface points are
maintained since the gripping ratio or coefficient of friction that they
create may be a basis of the original design

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Rev 00
Note 1: Safety recommendation about NDT, dimensional checks,
If dye-penetrant checks are performed, it should be after removing
paint, oil and other debris. It should indicate no cracks in the welds or
in the base metal of the pin.
- bail assembly: no crack indication is the criteria
- pins that hold the linkages together: “no crack observed” is the
minimum criteria that we find acceptable.

Note 2: Minimal maintenance


The simplicity of the tong grab leads to minimal maintenance
requirements.
One important item on the preventive maintenance program for a tong
crab would be lubrication of the tong where there are sliding interface
locations or where grease fittings are provided.
Other items on the preventive maintenance might be replacement of
pads or points.

Tong crabs

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Rev 00
15.3 Below-the-hook e.g. Spreader Beam

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop in load due to sudden break of Spreader beams are to be designed and manufactured to Perform a complete visual inspection during no-load and on-load tests
the spreader beam anchoring point specific standards by the manufacturer. to detect distortions or bents,
from the crane hook or load
Spreader beams are maintained as per manufacturer’s Check paint parts and ask for NDT if doubt is raised,
anchoring points, deformation of the
instruction.
spreader beam structure Check the electrical control components,
Bear special attention about geometrical alignments, cleanliness and
minimal maintenance requirements.

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Rev 00
Lifting beams come in many different configurations, but inspections of them is very
similar and “standardized”

The inspection starts with a global review of the beam, looking for obvious material
distortion, bent hooks, missing retaining pins, keeper bars, safety signs and
manufacturer’s labels.

Then inspect the hooks or attachment points of the load to the beam:
- Are the hooks bent? If so, they need to be replaced,
- Are the pins that connect the “J” hooks or other lifting points to the beam in
good condition? If there is more 3 to 5% (obvious indentations), ask for
manufacturer’s requirements,
- For beams with adjustable lifting points or bails, carefully inspect the
mechanism that holds the assembly in position. Is there sufficient wear or
degradation that would allow the assembly to slip out of position inadvertently
during a pick? Are the pins or clips that hold the position in good condition?
- Are the shackles/links/hooks/slings in proper condition? Do they have the pins
to prevent the load from being released? Are they sized properly if they have
been substituted from the original design?

Visually inspecting the lifting beam for obvious weld cracks or other signs of
distortion would be the next step.

Cracks in spacers or other non-load bearing members need to be evaluated to


determine if they would be detrimental to the operation of the beam (see note1
below). A particular attention will be born upon the bail or bail pin between the
crane and the beam for obvious wear and excessive indentation.

If the lifting or spreader beam is made of channel, I-beams or other structural


members, checking the straightness of the beam may indicate if the beam has been
subjected to excessive forces or loads. A simple piece of string pulled taught along
the edge of the structural member will quickly determine the difference in the
camber and sweep of the lifter. As a general rule, anything in excess of 3° out of
alignment should be investigated.
Telescopic magnet spreader beam

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Rev 00
Note 1: Safety recommendation about NDT, dimensional checks,
If dye-penetrant checks are performed, it should be after removing paint, oil
and other debris. It should be performed
- at the critical loading areas on all hooks or other members that connect
the load to the beam.
- at all structural welds in the bail assembly and the beam.

Note 2: Maintenance
Maintenance of a lifting beam is usually limited to replacement of protective
pads, liners or hardware that attaches the load to the beam. On beams with
adjustable bails or hooks, properly greasing the contact points would be
advisable.

Note 3: Motorized equipment


Many lifting beams are motorized for rotation or other axis motions. In such a
situation, many of the items covered in the motorized coil lifter section will
pertain, including electrical safety, bearings, gears, clutches, reducers, etc…

Typical spreader beam with end fittings

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Rev 00
Battery lifting beams
Harbour lifting beam Modular custom lifting beam “J” hooks
Fork positioner - spreader 12 tons Fixed Spreader 3 hooks 2 tons

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Rev 00
15.4 Below-the-hook e.g. Chains, Hooks and Slings

RISK CONTROL MEASURES METHODOLOGY

Drop in load due to sudden break of Chains, hooks and slings are to be designed and Perform complete visual examination of the chains, hooks and slings
the chain, hook or sling or the manufactured to specific standards by the manufacturer. for physical damage which can affect the integrity of the lifting tool.
anchoring point from the crane
Chains, hooks and slings shall be regularly maintained. Check paint parts and ask for NDT if doubt is raised on chains or
hook.
hooks.

Hook Inspection. Usual requirements:

 Physical characteristics, such as capacity, serial number, type and


manufacturer of hooks.
 Hooks are visually inspected for excessive wear, deformation, out of plane
bending, excessive gouges and missing capacity markings.
 Throat and saddle measurements of hook are taken to keep records of
stretch or growth from at least year to year.
 Hooks are inspected for invisible cracks using a Magnetic Particle test or a
Liquid penetrant test.
 Each hook that passes will be tagged with a colour coded inspection tag or
sticker, demonstrating that it has been checked.
 Hooks which do not pass inspection will be tagged with a caution tag as well
as a red paint mark.

Web sling inspection information. General rules to be applied:

Identification: synthetic fibre web slings must be permanently identified


with the manufacturer’s name or mark, code or stock number, the working load
limits for the types of hitches permitted and type of synthetic web material.

Safety hook

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Rev 00
Damage: fibre web sling must be removed from service when the following
circumstances occurs:
 The length of an edge cut exceeds the web thickness.
 The penetration of abrasion exceeds 15% of the webbing thickness when
taken as a proportion of all piles.
 Abrasion occurs on both sides of the webbing and the sum of the abrasion
on both sides exceeds 15% of the webbing thickness when taken as a
proportion of all piles.
 Warp thread damage up to 50% of the sling thickness extends to within 1/4
of the sling width of the edge or exceeds 1/4 the width of the sling.
 Wrap thread damage to the full depth of the sling thickness extends to within
1/4 the sling width of the edge or the width of damage exceeds 1/8 the width
of the sling.
 Weft thread damage allows warp thread separation exceeding 1/4 the width
of the sling and extends in length more than twice the sling width.
 Any part of the sling is melted or charred, or is damaged by acid or caustic.
 Stitches in load bearing splices are broken or worn.
 End fittings are excessively pitted or corroded, cracked, distorted or broken.
 A combination of the above types of damage of approximately equal total
effect is present.
 Cuts
 Chemical attack
 Heat or friction damage
 Damaged or deformed fittings
Cargo Net
Replacement guidelines: if damage can be identified, such as that listed below,
slings must be removed immediately from service, and return them to service only
when approved by qualified individuals.
 Acid or caustic burns.
 Melting or charring of any part of the sling.
 Holes, tears, cuts or snags.
 Broken or worn stitching in load bearing splices.
 Excessive abrasive wear.
 Knots in any part of the sling.
 Excessive pitting or corrosion, or cracked, distorted fitting.
 If you see our Red Core warning yarns.
 Distortion of the sling.
 The sling has an identification tag that is in any way unreadable.
 Anytime a sling is loaded beyond its rated capacity or reason. Note : Sling angles have a direct and oftentimes dramatic affect on the
working load limit of a sling

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 34/43


Rev 00
Chain inspection information checklist:
The identification tag includes vital information, including the grade of chain, the
nominal chain size, the number of chain legs and the rated loads for the sling
assembly. Always look for proper and clear identification, especially the working
load limit.
In order to avoid this hazard, keep the following points in mind:
 Perform and record frequent and periodic inspections of chain slings
 Inspect of all new, altered, modified or repaired chain slings. Knowing
that welding repairs or building up worm surface is prohibited.
 Proper measurements using precision instruments of each link
component should be performed to provide a benchmark for allowable
tolerances.
 Written records containing the most recent periodic inspection should
be maintained by the owner or user of the chain sling.
 Ensure all slings have identification and warning tags.
 Maintain records including test certifications, drawings, and
instructions of each sling.

Note: Safety recommendation about NDT, dimensional checks,


If dye-penetrant checks are performed, it should be after removing paint, oil and
other debris. It should be performed
 At the critical loading areas on all hooks or other members that connect
the load to the beam.
 At all structural welds in the bail assembly and the beam. Various lifting steel hooks and devices

A Magnetic Particle Testing (also called magna-flux testing) could be proposed


as also a non-destructive test method used to detect problems at or near the
surface in ferromagnetic materials for items such as:
 Eyebolts
 Hooks
 Welds on specialty lifters
 Swivel hoist rings
 End effectors
 Any kind of forks

Chain Gauges

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 35/43


Rev 00
Flat web lifting sling Brand-new chain sling
35 tons container crane with lifting chains

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 36/43


Rev 00
CERTIFICATE
Of Thorough Inspection of Lifting Accessories
Certificate No.: Date of Inspection: 14th November 2010
Certificate of thorough inspection of lifting accessories
Name and Address of the Owner Place of Inspection Technical referential
BV Work instruction

Equipment Description

Refer to the enclosed list proposed by the owner :

Type of equipment Serial number ID number Safe Working Status (*) Comments
Load

* : satisfactory, non satisfactory, non available,

Based on Thorough Visual Examination, Functional Test of the accessories described above was found
satisfactory at the time of Inspection.

Date of Last Examination Date of Next Examination


(if applicable)
02nd March 2009 14th May 2011

Authorized name: Surveyor’s name:


Signature Signature

THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT the above signed competent surveyor thoroughly examined the lifting equipment in the above-
mentioned place as per technical referential mentioned above. The liabilities are as per Bureau Veritas General Conditions of
Services.
GM IVS 002 / CERTIFICATE Page 1/1
GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 37/43
Rev 00
Annex to certificate Of Thorough Inspection
Of Accessories
Annex to certificate N°: Date of inspection:
Annex to certificate Of Thorough Inspection
CONDITION / REMARKS / PERFORMANCE TESTS
DESIGNATION Refer to the list of equipment in the certificate if
necessary

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE


0
EQUIPMENT

0.0 Description

3 FRAMING
Fixations, connections, brackets,
3.4
assemblies, joints
3.9 Frame, boom, arm, turret

MAIN RUNNERS, GUYS, DRUMS,


9
PULLEYS, FASTENING DEVICES

9.1 Fasteners, clips, straps, clamps

9.2 Fastening devices


Main runners and lines, guys (Wire
9.4
ropes or chains)
10 MECANISMS
Drive components, couplings,
10.8
connections
15 ACCESSORIES

15.0 Below the hook C-hook

15.1 Below the hook coil lifter

15.2 Below the hook tong crab

15.3 Below the hook spreader beam


Below the hook safety chain, hooks,
15.4
slings

Comment :

Authorized name: Surveyor’s name:


Signature Signature

GM IVS 002 / CERTIFICATE / ANNEX Page 1/1

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 38/43


Rev 00
Report of NON-AVAILABLE
Lifting Accessories
Certificate No.: Date of Inspection: 14th November 2010
Report of non-available
Name and Address of the Owner Place of Inspection Technical referential
BV Work instruction

Equipment Description

Refer to the enclosed list proposed by the owner :

Type of equipment Serial number ID number Safe Working Load Comments

The accessories described above was not found or non available at the time of Inspection.

Date of Last Examination Date of Next Examination


(if applicable)
02nd March 2009 14th May 2011

Authorized name: Surveyor’s name:


Signature Signature

THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT the above signed competent surveyor thoroughly examined the lifting equipment in the above-mentioned
place as per technical referential mentioned above. The liabilities are as per Bureau Veritas General Conditions of Services.
GM IVS 002 / NON AVAILABLE Page 1/1

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 39/43


Rev 00
DEFECT REPORT
Of Thorough Inspection of Lifting Accessories
Certificate No.: 0998884852 Date of Inspection: 14th November 2010
Defect report
Name and Address of the Owner Place of Inspection Technical referential
BV Work instruction

Equipment Description

Refer to the enclosed list proposed by the owner :

Type of Serial number ID number Safe Working Comments


equipment Load

Based on Thorough Visual Examination, Functional Test of the accessories described above was found
non-satisfactory at the time of Inspection.

Date of Last Examination Date of Next Examination


(if applicable)
02nd March 2009 14th May 2011

Authorized name: Surveyor’s name:


Signature Signature

THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT the above signed competent surveyor thoroughly examined the lifting equipment in the above-mentioned
place as per technical referential mentioned above. The liabilities are as per Bureau Veritas General Conditions of Services.
GM IVS 002 / DEFECT REPORT Page 1/1

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 40/43


Rev 00
Notes

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 41/43


Rev 00
Notes

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 42/43


Rev 00
List of methodological guide
and associated documents

At the date of publication of this guide, other available documents are:

GM IVS 001 Thorough inspection of Mobile Crane


GM IVS 001 Certificate
GM IVS 001 Certificate / Annex
GM IVS 001 Defect Report

GM IVS 002 Thorough inspection of Accessories


GM IVS 002 Certificate
GM IVS 002 Certificate / Annex
GM IVS 002 Non available
GM IVS 002 Defect Report

GM IVS 003 Thorough inspection of Electrical Overhead Travelling Crane


GM IVS 003 Certificate
GM IVS 003 Certificate / Annex
GM IVS 003 Defect Report

GM IVS 004 Thorough inspection of Tower Crane


GM IVS 004 Certificate
GM IVS 004 Certificate / Annex
GM IVS 004 Defect Report

GM IVS 005 Thorough inspection of Forklifts


GM IVS 005 Certificate
GM IVS 005 Certificate / Annex
GM IVS 005 Defect Report

GM IVS 002 – Thorough Inspection of Accessories Page 43/43


Rev 00
Move Forward with Confidence