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# Data

Basic Wind speed , Vb m/sec ,
44
[Annex-A,Pg-51.cl6.2]
Terrain category 2
Class of Structure B
Topography for k3 factor Flat That is upward slope< 3 Deg
Life of structure in years 50
Design Factors

## Risk coefficient factor k1 1

Terrain height & Factor k2 1
Topography factor k3 1
Importance factor for cyclonic region k4 1
Wind directionality factor kd 0.9
Tributary Areas for Area Averaging factor ,ka-[table 4 ,cl 7.2.2,pg:10]
Short Walls 10 x 5
Long walls 50 x 5
Roof 53 x 13

## Permeability of the building

wall in longer direction = 50
wall in shorter direction = 10
Total wall area in sqm = 2

## Area of all Openings ,sqm = 20

% Opening area = 7.5
Hence the building is of medium permeability
Note
<5 percent small permeability
5 to 20 percent medium permeability
>20 percent Large permeability

## Design Pressure Coefficienst for walls [table-5]

h = height to eaves or parapet
l = greater horizontal dimension of a b
w = lesser horizontal dimensions of a b
h/w = 0.5
l/w 5
External Pressure coefficient for walls-[ TABLE-4, PG:14]
Cpnet
Wind Incidence Cpi
Wall Angle 0.5
0 90 0

## A 0.7 -0.5 0.2

B -0.25 -0.5 -0.75
C -0.6 0.7 -1.1
D -0.6 -0.1 -1.1

Corners of walls
Cpe = -1
Cpi = 0.5 -0.5
Cpnet = -1.5 -0.5
The four comers of the building for width of 0.25w that is 2.50 m are to be designed for ,

0 90

E -0.9 -0.8
F -0.9 -0.4
G -0.4 -0.8
H -0.4 -0.4

## Pressure Coefficients for overhang

Cpe
-1.4 Corner of width y
-1.2 other than corner
However, for wind ward side of overhang the equivalent Cpi(underside of roo
lee-ward side of overhang the Cpi is equal to the Cpe of adjo

## Design wind pressure [cl 7.2, pg:9]

design wind speed, m/s = Vz =
pz = 0.6 Vz2
pd Kn/m2 = 0.7 x

## Design wind pressure for,pd [Kn/m2] = pz x

Short wall = 1.1616 x
Long Wall = 1.1616 x
Roof = 1.1616 x

## Design Pressure for Walls

F = Cpnet X
F-Long wall = 1.2 x
= -1 x

## F-Short wall = 1.2 x

= -1.1 x
ard slope< 3 Deg

table 1,cl:6.3.1,pg:7
table 2,cl:6.3.2,pg:8
cl:6.3.3.1,pg:8
cl:6.3.4,pg:9
cl:7.2.1,pg:9
a-[table 4 ,cl 7.2.2,pg:10]
= 50 ka 0.867
= 250 ka 0.8
= 689 ka 0.8

x 5 = 250
x 5 = 50
x 300 = 600

x 1.5 x 1.5 = 45

permeability

+/-0.2 cpi
+/-0.5 cpi
+/-0.7 cpi

eaves or parapet = 5m
horizontal dimension of a building = 50 m
orizontal dimensions of a building = 10 m
Cpnet
Cpi
-0.5
90 0 90

-1 1.2 0
-1 0.25 0
0.2 -0.1 1.2
-0.6 -0.1 0.4

## are to be designed for , Cp -1.5

cpnet
Cpi
0.5 -0.5
0 90 0 90
EF ,GH EG,FH EF ,GH EG,FH
-1.4 -1.3 -0.4 -0.3
-1.4 -0.9 -0.4 0.1
-0.9 -1.3 0.1 -0.3
-0.9 -0.9 0.1 0.1

## nts for overhang

= 0 m
r
ent Cpi(underside of roof surface) is +1.25 while on
equal to the Cpe of adjoining wall.

Vbxk1xk2xk3xk4 = 44
= 1161.6 N/m2
1.1616 = 0.81312

kd x ka =
0.9 x 0.867 = 0.9064
0.9 x 0.8 = 0.83635 0.83635
0.9 x 0.8 = 0.83635

Anet X pd
1x 1x 0.83635 = 1.00362 Kn/m2
1x 1x 0.83635 = -0.83635 Kn/m2

## 1x 1x 0.9064 = 1.08768 Kn/m2

1x 1x 0.9064 = -0.99704 Kn/m2
Data
Location VISHAKHAPATNAM
Basic Wind speed , Vb m/sec , 50 [Annex-A,Pg-51.cl6.2]
Terrain category 2
Class of Structure B
Topography for k3 factor Flat That is upward slope< 3 Deg
Life of structure in years 50

Design Factors

## Risk coefficient factor OR probability k1 1 table 1,cl:6.3.1,pg:7

factor
terrain roughness and height factor k2 1 to 1.07 table 2,cl:6.3.2,pg:8
Topography factor k3 1 cl:6.3.3.1,pg:8
Importance factor for cyclonic region k4 1.15 cl:6.3.4,pg:9
Wind directionality factor kd 0.9 cl:7.2.1,pg:9

NOTE: The wind speed may be taken as constant upto a height of 10 m. However, pressures for buildings
less than 10m high may be reduced by 20% for stability and design of the framing.

Height of Builiding k1 k2 k3 k4 Vz
0 1 0 1 1.15 0
2.5 1 0 1 1.15 0
4 1 0.4 1 1.15 #VALUE!
7.5 1 0.75 1 1.15 #VALUE!
11 1 1.01 1 1.15 58.075
14.5 1 1.045 1 1.15 0
18 1 1.062 1 1.15 0

## Tributary Areas for Area Averaging factor ,ka-[table 4 ,cl 7.2.2,pg:10]

Short Walls 9.65 x 18 = 173.7
Long walls 15 x 18 = 270
Roof 15 x 9.65 = 144.75

## Permeability of the building

wall in longer direction = 15 x 18
wall in shorter direction = 9.65 x 18
Total wall area in sqm = 2x 443.7

2.8 X 15
2.3 X 9.65
2.3 X 15
Total Opening =

## % Opening area 66.6667

>20 percent Large permeability +/-0.7 cpi
1.08

PZ
0

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
2023.623
0
0

:7.2.1,pg:9

2.2,pg:10]
ka 0.8
ka 0.8
ka 0.8

= 270
= 173.7
= 887.4

X 2 = 54.04
X 2 = 84
X 2 X 4 = 177.56
X 2 X 4 = 276
591.6
Data
Location VISHAKHAPATNAM
Basic Wind speed , Vb m/sec , 50 [Annex-A,Pg-51.cl6.2]
Terrain category 2
Topography for k3 factor Flat That is upward slope< 3 Deg
Life of structure in years 50

Design Factors

## Risk coefficient factor OR probability factor k1 1.08 table 1,cl:6.3.1,pg:7

terrain roughness and height factor k2 1 to 1.07 table 2,cl:6.3.2,pg:8
Topography factor k3 1 cl:6.3.3.1,pg:8
Importance factor for cyclonic region k4 1.15 cl:6.3.4,pg:9
Wind directionality factor kd 1 cl:7.2.1,pg:9

NOTE: The wind speed may be taken as constant upto a height of 10 m. However, pressures for
buildings
less than 10m high may be reduced by 20% for stability and design of the framing.

## Wind Pressure ,N/m2

Height of Builiding vb k1 k2 k3

0 50 1 0 1
2.5 50 1 0 1
4 50 1 0.4 1
7.5 50 1 0.75 1
11 50 1 1.01 1
14.5 50 1 1.045 1
18 50 1 1.062 1
NOTE 1 – The coefficient 0.6 (in SI units) in the above formula depends on a number of factors and ma
pressure and air temperature. The value chosen corresponds to the average Indian atmospheric conditions.

## Short Walls 9.65 x 18 =

Long walls 15 x 18 =
Roof 15 x 9.65 =

2.8 X
2.3 X
2.3 X
Total Opening =

## % Opening area 73950

>20 percent Large permeability +/-0.7

## Design Wind Pressure,pd

Height of Builiding kd ka kc pz
0 1 0.8 1 0
2.5 1 0.8 1 0
6.5 1 0.8 1 0.317
10 1 0.8 1 1.1159
13.5 1 0.8 1 2.024
17 1 0.8 1 2.166
20.5 1 0.8 1 2.237

## Design wind pressure for,pd [Kn/m2] = pz x kd

Short wall = 1.1616 x 0.9
Long Wall = 1.1616 x 0.9
Roof = 1.1616 x 0.9
[Annex-A,Pg-51.cl6.2]

table 1,cl:6.3.1,pg:7
table 2,cl:6.3.2,pg:8
cl:6.3.3.1,pg:8
cl:6.3.4,pg:9
cl:7.2.1,pg:9

ng.

## k4 Vz, [m/s] Pz[N/m2] Pz[KN/m2] pd

Column Roof Beam
1.15 0 0 0
1.15 0 0 0
1.15 23 317.4 0.317
1.15 43.125 1115.8594 1.1159
1.15 58.075 2023.6234 2.024
1.15 60.0875 2166.3046 2.166
1.15 61.065 2237.3605 2.237
a number of factors and mainly on the atmospheric
an atmospheric conditions.

173.7 ka 0.8
270 ka 0.8
144.75 ka 0.8

9.65 X 2 = 54.04
15 X 2 = 84
9.65 X 2 X 4 = 177.56
15 X 2 X 4 = 276
591.6

cpi

pd
0
0
0.2536
0.89272
1.6192
1.7328
1.7896

x ka =
x 0.867 = 0.906396
x 0.8 = 0.836352 0.836352
x 0.8 = 0.836352
Height of the Building = 18 m
Location = Vishakha Patnam
Seismic Zone = II
Zone Factor = 0.1
Soil Type = Medium Soil
Response Reduction Factor = 5 Table -7,Page-23
Importance Factor = 1.5 Table -4,Page-19 Table -2,Page-16
Damping
Time Period
Table 8 Percentage of Imposed Load to be Considered in Seismic Weight Calculation
Upto and including 3.0 = 25 %
Above 3.0 = 50 %
Fundamental Natural Period
The approximate fundamental natural period of vibration (T, ), in seconds, of a moment-resisting
frame building without brick in fill panels may be estimated by the empirical expression:

## for RC frame building = Ta = 0.075 h0.75

for steel frame building = Ta = 0.085 h0.75

h = Height of building, in m. This excludes the basement storeys, where basement walls are
connected with the ground floor deck or fitted between the building columns. But it includes the
basement storeys, when they are not so connected.

7.6.2 The approximate fundamental natural period of vibration (T, ), in seconds, of all other
buildings, including moment-resisting fimne buildings with brick infil panels, may be estimated by
the empirical expression:

Ta = 0.09/Sqrt(d)
d = Base dimension of the building at the plinth level, in m, along the considered direction of the
lateral force.
Regular buildings —
Those greater than
40 m in height in Zones
IV and ~ and those
greater than 90 m in
height in Zones II and
111. Modelling as per
7.8.4.5 can be used.
b)
irregular buildings ( as
defined in 7.1 ) —
Allfiamedbuildingshighe
rthan12minZones
IVand~andthosegreatert
han40minheight
in Zones 11and III.
Table -2,Page-16