Abortion Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo, [2] resulting in or caused

by its death. An abortion can occur spontaneously due to complications during pregnancy or can be induced, in humans and other species. In the context of human pregnancies, an abortion induced to preserve the health of the gravida (pregnant female) is termed a therapeutic abortion, while an abortion induced for any other reason is termed an elective abortion. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy, while spontaneous abortions are usually termed miscarriages. Worldwide 42 million abortions are estimated to take place annually with 22 million of these occurring safely and 20 million unsafely.[3] While maternal mortality seldom results from safe abortions, unsafe abortions result in 70,000 deaths and 5 million disabilities per year.[3] One of the main determinants of the availability of safe abortions is the legality of the procedure. Forty percent of the world's women are able to access therapeutic and elective abortions within gestational limits.[4] The frequency of abortions is, however, similar whether or not access [3][4] is restricted. Abortion has a long history and has been induced by various methods including herbal abortifacients, the use of sharpened tools, physical trauma, and other traditional methods. Contemporary medicine utilizes medications and surgical procedures to induce abortion. The legality, prevalence, and cultural views on abortion vary substantially around the world. In many parts of the world there is prominent and divisive public controversy over the ethical and legal issues of abortion. Abortion and abortion-related issues feature prominently in the national politics in many nations, often involving the opposing pro-life and pro-choice worldwide social movements (both selfnamed). Incidence of abortion has declined worldwide, as access to family planning education and contraceptive [5] services has increased. Types Spontaneous Main article: Miscarriage Spontaneous abortion (also known as miscarriage) is the expulsion of an embryo or fetus due to accidental trauma or natural causes before approximately the 22nd week of gestation; the definition by gestational age varies by country.[6] Most miscarriages are due to incorrect replication of chromosomes; they can also be caused by environmental factors. A pregnancy that ends before 37 weeks of gestation resulting in a live-born infant is known as a "premature birth". When a fetus dies in utero after about 22 weeks, or during delivery, it is usually termed "stillborn". Premature births and stillbirths are generally not considered to be miscarriages although usage of these terms can sometimes overlap. Between 10% and 50% of pregnancies end in clinically apparent miscarriage, depending upon the age and health of the pregnant woman.[7] Most miscarriages occur very early in pregnancy, in most cases, they occur so early in the pregnancy that the woman is not even aware that she was pregnant. One study testing hormones for ovulation and pregnancy found that 61.9% of conceptuses were lost prior to 12 weeks, and 91.7% of these losses occurred subclinically, without the knowledge of the once pregnant woman.[8] The risk of spontaneous abortion decreases sharply after the 10th week from the last menstrual period (LMP).[7][9] One study of 232 pregnant women showed "virtually complete [pregnancy loss] by the end of the embryonic period" (10 weeks LMP) with a pregnancy loss rate of only 2 percent after 8.5 weeks LMP.[10] The most common cause of spontaneous abortion during the first trimester is chromosomal abnormalities of the embryo/fetus,[11] accounting for at least 50% of sampled early pregnancy losses.[12] Other causes include vascular disease (such as lupus), diabetes, other hormonal problems, infection, and abnormalities of the uterus.[11]

Manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) abortion consists of removing the fetus or embryo. can be used in very early pregnancy. and differ in the mechanism used to apply suction. but has a lower efficacy rate than combined regimens. terminate pregnancy that would result in a child born with a congenital disorder that would be fatal or associated with significant morbidity. vacuum or manual aspiration is used to complete the abortion surgically. placenta and membranes by suction using a manual syringe. In cases of failure of medical abortion. Surgical techniques are sometimes referred to as [19] .[15] or [15] selectively reduce the number of fetuses to lessen health risks associated with multiple pregnancy. and whether cervical dilation is necessary.S." Methods Medical Main article: Medical abortion "Medical abortions" are non-surgical abortions that use pharmaceutical drugs. while electric vacuum aspiration (EVA) abortion uses an electric pump. [15] An abortion is referred to as elective when it is performed at the request of the woman "for reasons other than [16] maternal health or fetal disease. and doctor-patient preference.Advancing maternal age and a patient history of previous spontaneous abortions are the two leading factors associated with a greater risk of spontaneous abortion. gemeprost is used in the UK and Sweden.. Surgical A vacuum aspiration abortion at eight weeks gestational age (six weeks after fertilization). and does not require cervical dilation. The manner selected depends chiefly upon the [14] gestational age of the embryo or fetus. Specific procedures may also be selected due to legality.[13] Induced A pregnancy can be intentionally aborted in many ways. which increases in size as it ages. MVA.[18] Misoprostol can be used alone. These techniques are comparable. regional availability. how early in pregnancy they can be used. suction-aspiration or vacuum abortion is the most common method. approximately 92% of women undergoing medical abortion with a combined regimen completed it without surgical intervention. An abortion is medically referred to as therapeutic when it is performed to: y y y y save the life of the pregnant woman. [15] preserve the woman's physical or mental health. intentional trauma or stress to cause miscarriage is considered induced abortion or feticide. Medical abortions comprise 10% of [17] [citation needed] all abortions in the United States and Europe. followed by a prostaglandin (either misoprostol or gemeprost: misoprostol is used in the U.) When used within 49 days gestation. also known as "mini-suction" and "menstrual extraction". 1: Amniotic sac 2: Embryo 3: Uterine lining 4: Speculum 5: Vacurette 6: Attached to a suction pump In the first 12 weeks. Reasons for procuring induced abortions are typically characterized as either therapeutic or elective. Combined regimens include methotrexate or mifepristone.[12] A spontaneous abortion can also be caused by accidental trauma.

" which has been federally banned in the United States. black cohosh.2 1. and abortion. investigation of abnormal bleeding. is a standard gynecological procedure performed for a variety of reasons. From the 20th to 23rd week of gestation. abortions can be induced by intact dilation and extraction (IDX) (also called intrauterine cranial decompression).[44] For unsafe procedures. Abortion is sometimes attempted by causing trauma to the abdomen. [33][34] . Premature delivery can be induced with prostaglandin.[35][39][40][41][42][43] Unsafe abortions (defined by the World Health Organization as those performed by unskilled individuals. when legally performed in developed countries. D&E consists of opening the cervix of the uterus and emptying it using surgical instruments and suction. From the 15th week until approximately the 26th.[31] Reported methods of unsafe. The degree of force. by 1996. A hysterotomy abortion is a procedure similar to a caesarean section and is performed under general anesthesia.'Suction (or surgical) Termination Of Pregnancy' (STOP). Other methods Historically. and is not recommended by [29] physicians. such as multiple organ failure. or in unsanitary facilities) carry a high risk of maternal death and other complications. risk of maternal death is between 0. pennyroyal. It [21] requires a smaller incision than a caesarean section and is used during later stages of pregnancy. The World Health Organization recommends this procedure. the second most common method of abortion. mortality from childbirth in developed countries was 11 times greater. IDX is sometimes called "partial-birth abortion. which requires surgical decompression of the fetus's head before evacuation. and the now-extinct silphium (see history of abortion). self-induced abortion include misuse of misoprostol. After the 16th week of gestation. including examination of the uterine lining for possible malignancy. if severe. also called sharp curettage.[28] The use of herbs in such a manner can cause serious even lethal side effects. there is an ancient tradition of attempting abortion through forceful abdominal massage. In comparison. These methods are rarely seen in developed countries where surgical abortion is legal and available. In [35][36][37][38] such settings. dilation and evacuation (D&E) is used. an injection to stop the fetal heart may be used as the first phase of the [22][23][24][25][26] [27] surgical abortion procedure to ensure that the fetus is not born alive.[31] One of the bas reliefs decorating the temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia depicts a demon performing such an abortion upon a woman who has been sent to the underworld.2 per 100.[30] Both accidental and deliberate abortions of this kind can be subject to criminal liability in many countries.[32] Health risks See also: Health risks of unsafe abortion Abortion. only when MVA [20] is unavailable. Other techniques must be used to induce abortion in the second trimester. a number of herbs reputed to possess abortifacient properties have been used in folk medicine: tansy. [45] the mortality rate has been estimated at 367 per 100. In Southeast Asia. is among the safest procedures in medicine.000 procedures. Dilation and curettage (D&C). with hazardous equipment. this can be coupled with injecting the amniotic fluid with hypertonic solutions containing saline or urea. Curettage refers to cleaning the walls of the uterus with a curette. can cause serious internal injuries without necessarily succeeding in inducing miscarriage. and insertion of non-surgical implements such as knitting needles and clothes hangers into the uterus.000.

[58][59][60] Incidence The number of abortions performed worldwide has deceased between 1995 and 2003 from 45. leiomyomas or had previous difficult first-trimester abortion are contraindicated to undertake surgical abortion unless ultrasonography is immediately available and the surgeon is experienced in its intraoperative use.[53] Abortion does not impair subsequent pregnancies. However there are groups of women who may be at higher risk of coping with problems and distress following abortion. Of these approximately 42 million [3] abortions 22 million occurred safely and 20 million unsafely.2 per 1000 known pregnancies) and the Netherlands (10. infertility.[49] and specific procedures like dilation and evacuation may be required. incomplete abortion.[50] Concerning the methods used. The incidence and reasons for induced abortion vary regionally. had a comparatively low rate of induced abortion. nor does it increase the risk of future premature births. health risks associated with medical abortion are generally considered no greater than for surgical abortion. such as emotional attachment to the pregnancy. such as Belgium (11. ongoing intrauterine pregnancy.[34] In the first trimester. general incidence of major complications for surgical abortion varies from lower for [48] suction curettage.[55] Some factors in a woman's life. the existence of "post-abortion syndrome" is not recognized by any medical or psychological organization. misdiagnosed/unrecognized ectopic pregnancy. pre-existing psychiatric illness. like most minimally invasive procedures.6 million (a decrease from 35 to 29 per 1000 women between 15 and 44 years of age). Concerning gestational age." However.[3] The greatest decrease has occurred in the developed world with a decrease from 39 to 26 per 1000 women in comparison to the [3] developing world which had a decrease from 34 to 29 per 1000 women. carry a small potential for serious complications.[52] Women who have uterine anomalies.[54] Mental health Main article: Abortion and mental health No scientific research has demonstrated that abortion is a cause of poor mental health in the general population.6 million to 41.[48] With more advanced gestation there is a higher risk of uterine perforation and retained products of conception.Physical health Surgical abortion methods. to higher for saline instillation. The American Psychological Association (APA) concluded that abortion does not lead [57] to increased mental health problems. and conservative views on abortion increase the likelihood of experiencing negative [56] feelings after an abortion. Some proposed negative psychological effects of abortion have been referred to by anti-abortion advocates as a separate condition called "post-abortion syndrome. or miscarriage. ectopic pregnancy. hematometra (in the uterus).[51] Use of general anesthesia increases the risk of complications because it relaxes uterine musculature making it easier to perforate.[46] Surgical abortion is generally safe and the rate of major complications is low[47] but varies depending on how far [48] pregnancy has progressed and the surgical method used. while . Some countries. uterine perforation and cervical laceration. Possible complications include hemorrhage. incidence of major complications is highest after 20 weeks of gestation and lowest before the 8th week. uterine or pelvic infection. lack of social support.6 per 1000).

9% of these were classified as having been done by "curettage" (suction-aspiration.." Unsafe abortions are sometimes known colloquially as "back-alley" abortions.[62] The Guttmacher Institute estimated there were 2. 9% between 13 to 19 weeks. and 1. A 1998 aggregated study. issues of financial or relationship stability. and 1. on the reasons women seek to terminate their pregnancies concluded that common factors cited to have influenced the abortion decision were: desire to delay or end childbearing.17% of the total number of abortions performed that year. Similarly. Dilation and curettage. during 2000. preference for children of a specific sex. 7.others like Russia (62. Unsafe abortion Women seeking to terminate their pregnancies sometimes resort to unsafe methods.7% by "medical" means (mifepristone). in England and Wales in 2006.S. India." Some abortions are undergone as the result of societal pressures.[66] A 2004 study in which American women at clinics answered a questionnaire yielded similar results. Dilation and evacuation). lack of access to or rejection of contraceptive methods. from 27 countries.S. disapproval of single motherhood. carried out by persons lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform to [70] minimal medical standards. or efforts toward population control (such as China's one-child policy).5% as a result of incest.[65] By personal and social factors A bar chart depicting selected data from the 1998 AGI meta-study on the reasons women stated for having an abortion. study became [67] pregnant as a result of rape and 0. and Kenya health concerns were cited by women more frequently as reasons for having an abortion. and 1. in Bangladesh. 42% of those using condoms reported failure through slipping or breakage. and perceived immaturity. India.4% at or after 21 weeks. In 2003. By gestational age and method Abortion rates also vary depending on the stage of pregnancy and the method practiced.[66] 1% of women in the 2004 survey-based U. Unsafe abortion remains a public health concern due to the higher incidence and severity of its associated complications. however. Another American study in 2002 concluded that 54% of women who had an abortion were using a form of contraception at the time of becoming pregnant while 46% were not. or both. insufficient economic support for families.[68] The Guttmacher Institute estimated that "most abortions in the United States are obtained by minority women" because minority [69] women "have much higher rates of unintended pregnancy.200 intact dilation and extraction procedures in the U. Inconsistent use was reported by 49% of those using condoms and 76% of those using the combined oral contraceptive pill.. These factors can sometimes result in compulsory abortion or sex-selective abortion. particularly where and when access to legal abortion is restricted. and damage to internal organs.5% at or over 20 weeks. and other developing countries than in developed countries. such as incomplete abortion. The world ratio was 26 induced [61] abortions per 1000 known pregnancies (excluding miscarriages and stillbirths). another person without medical training. It is estimated that 20 million unsafe abortions occur around . it was found that 88. 89% of terminations occurred at or under 12 weeks. sepsis. 6% by D&E. 90.[67] In Finland and the United States. or a professional health provider operating in sub-standard conditions. 64% of [64] those reported were by vacuum aspiration.0% by "other" (including hysterotomy and hysterectomy).4% from 13 to 20 weeks. and 30% were medical. this accounts for [63] 0. 10. They may be performed by the woman herself. 0.7 per 1000) had a high rate. Later abortions are more common in China. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an unsafe abortion as being "a procedure .2% of abortions were conducted at or prior to 12 weeks. These might include the stigmatization of disabled people. from data collected in those areas of the United States that sufficiently reported gestational age.4% by "intrauterine instillation" (saline or prostaglandin). hemorrhage. concern for the health risks posed by pregnancy in individual cases was not a factor commonly given.6 per 1000) and Vietnam (43. concern over the interruption of work or education.

25% in Latin America. such as Avicenna's list of twenty in The Canon of Medicine (1025 C. Iceland (1935) and Sweden (1938) were among the first countries to legalize certain or all forms of abortion. [citation needed] [76] including the use of abortifacients. An individual's position on the complex ethical. the use of sharpened implements. induced abortion has been the source of considerable debate. Opinions of abortion may be described as being a combination of beliefs on its morality.E. and riding animals. suggested in his work Gynaecology that women wishing to abort their pregnancies should engage in energetic exercise. Although the global rate of abortion declined from 45. philosophical. pessaries. [where?] [78][non-primary source needed] [3] .6 million in 2003. biological. the application of abdominal pressure.[80] Pope Sixtus V (1585 90) is noted as the first [81] Pope to declare that abortion is homicide regardless of the stage of pregnancy. and activism. which was sometimes a code for early abortifacients. and other techniques. with regional estimates including 12% [71] in Asia. as the disguised. and 13% in sub-Saharan Africa. advertisement of services in the Victorian era suggests. Complications of unsafe abortion are said to account. forbade doctors from helping to procure an abortion by pessary.[84][85][86][87] Society and culture Abortion debate In the history of abortion. a law was passed permitting abortions for those deemed "hereditarily ill. and beliefs on the responsibility.[83] In 1935 Nazi Germany. In the 20th century the Soviet Union (1919). Health education. Abortion in the 19th century continued. Such folk remedies. and bloodletting.[75] It is also believed that. a second-century Greek physician. physicians there documented detailed and extensive lists of birth control practices. During the Islamic Golden Age. including the administration of abortifacient herbs. The Hippocratic Oath. History Induced abortion can be traced to ancient times.000 of these result in the woman's death. Tansy and pennyroyal. unsafe procedures still accounted for 48% of all abortions performed in [72] 2003.the world annually and that 70. Soranus. the ancient Greeks relied upon silphium as an abortifacient. and proper extent of governmental authorities in public policy. are two poisonous herbs with serious side effects that have at times been used to terminate pregnancy. Trotula of Salerno. The main positions are one that argues in favor of access to abortion and one argues against access to abortion. but advised against the use of sharp instruments to induce miscarriage due to the risk of organ perforation. carrying heavy objects. varied in effectiveness and were not without risk.[79] administered a number of remedies for the retention of menstrua.E. and improvements in health care during and after abortion [73] have been proposed to address this phenomenon. for approximately 13% of all maternal mortalities." while women considered of German stock were specifically prohibited from having abortions. A medieval female physician.) This was "unparalleled in European medicine until the 19th century". access to family planning. pregnancies were terminated through a number of methods. the chief statement of medical ethics for Hippocratic physicians in Ancient Greece.6 million in 1995 to 41. and legal issues is often related to his or her value system.) and Muhammad ibn Zakariya ar-Razi's list of 176 substances in his Hawi (10th century C. but nonetheless [82][non-primary source needed] open. They listed many different birth control substances in their medical encyclopedias. in addition to using it as a contraceptive. commenting on their effectiveness and prevalence. however. for example. abortion was tolerated and there were no laws against it. despite bans in both the United Kingdom and the United States. controversy. He also prescribed a number of recipes for herbal baths. ethical scope. moral. globally. historically.[77] During the Middle Ages. energetic jumping.[74] There is evidence to suggest that.

with legislation in 1935.and post-quickening abortions were criminalized by Lord Ellenborough's Act in 1803.Religious ethics also has an influence upon both personal opinion and the greater debate over abortion (see religion and abortion)." There was also an earlier period in England when abortion was prohibited "if the foetus is already formed" but not [91] [92] yet quickened. Wade. Current laws pertaining to abortion are diverse. two doctors must first certify that an abortion is medically or socially necessary before it can be performed. By contrast. Generally. Debate also focuses on whether the pregnant woman should have to notify and/or have the consent of others in distinct cases: a minor. In 1861. were two of the first countries to generally allow abortion. and the right to reproductive health are major issues of human rights that are sometimes used as justification for the existence or absence of laws controlling abortion. using a trimester-based system to regulate the window of legality: y In the United States. are often spearheaded by groups advocating one of these two positions. the right to liberty.[88] Abortion law Before the scientific discovery in the nineteenth century that human development begins at fertilization. and cultural sensibilities continue to influence abortion laws throughout the world. The right to life. overall support was 72% with 26% opposed. The Soviet Union. or require that parents be contacted if their minor [94] daughter requests an abortion. the biological father. Morgentaler (1993). The latter position argues that a woman has certain reproductive rights. or even complete prohibition of abortion. In a 2003 Gallup poll in the United States. In Canada. or a pregnant woman. similarly. Many countries in which abortion is legal require that certain criteria be met in order for an abortion to be obtained. [89] y y . In both public and private debate. the former position argues that a human fetus is a human being with a right to live making abortion tantamount to murder. the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the Offences against the Person Act 1861. recognizing "the right to life of the unborn". Abortion debates. moral. English [90] common law forbade abortions after "quickening". a similar requirement was rejected as unconstitutional in 1988. and Iceland. discarded its criminal code regarding abortion in 1988. those in favor of greater legal restrictions on. The Abortion Act 1967 allowed abortion for limited reasons in the United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland). with legislation in 1920. 79% of male and 67% of female respondents were in favor of legalized mandatory spousal notification. especially pertaining to abortion laws. The Supreme Court of Canada. arguments presented in favor of or against abortion access focus on either the moral permissibility of an induced abortion. after "an infant is able to stir in the mother's womb. her parents. often. prescribe the distribution of information on fetal development. a legally married or common-law wife. In the United States. The second half of the 20th century saw the liberalization of abortion laws in other countries. In the United Kingdom. her husband. which continued [93] to outlaw abortion and served as a model for similar prohibitions in some other nations. In the 1973 case. the right to security of person. in the case of R. ruling that such laws violated an implied right to privacy in the United States Constitution. after ruling that such restrictions violated the security of person guaranteed to women under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. especially the choice whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term. or justification of laws permitting or restricting abortion. Roe v. that is. v. Both pre. most often describe themselves as pro-life while those against legal restrictions on abortion describe themselves as pro-choice. some states impose a 24-hour waiting period before the procedure. Morgentaler. Religious. v. abortion in Ireland was affected by the addition of an amendment to the Irish Constitution in 1983 by popular referendum. as in some other countries. but not always. the United States Supreme Court struck down state laws banning abortion. Canada later struck down provincial regulations of abortion in the case of R.

in 2006.Other countries. and suicidal thoughts.000 procedures (which is actually safer than childbirth. Due to procedure being legalized. women receive safe.4 for every 100.000 to 5. [100] In the US. because deaths from illegal abortions were usually not reported as such. considering that the mothers. y A few nations ban abortion entirely: Chile. yearly. However. emotional. incest. where menstrual extraction (manual vacuum aspiration) can be performed as [99] menstrual hygiene. in which abortion is normally illegal. to name a few. Some demanded that the woman have sex with them before procedure.S. there was the uncertainty of the back-alley abortionist. with consequent rises in [95][96] maternal death directly and indirectly due to pregnancy. In a case brought to the Supreme Court. and Nicaragua. It is also impossible to tell how many women died from the unsafe procedures. Malta. things like anesthesia and sterilization were not used. If she was lucky. about 8% of abortions are performed on women who travel from another state.000 and up. Ditto from how many women became dangerously ill and/or sterile due to abdominal infections. It is impossible to tell how many illegal abortions were performed annually in the U. For the rest of us. El Salvador. the Supreme Court stated: The medical. pregnant women may engage in medical tourism and travel to countries where they can terminate their pregnancies. the "operating room" could be a filthy alley or hotel room. such as Planned Parenthood. And. Before abortion was legalized. legal abortions in sterile environments attended by skilled doctors and nurses. These symptoms which include: becoming withdrawn. it is now performed under ideal conditions. Women without the means to travel can resort to providers of illegal abortions or try to do it themselves. will usually occur within the first few days after an abortion and can last for a very long time. with 7 deaths for every 100. Others were more concerned with making a quick buck or taking advantage of the woman. this is particularly so when the patient is immature. of course. sisters. The long term effects of abortion are not mentioned very often by the pro-choice people. but the government has long supported a network of "menstrual regulation clinics". unexplained depression. It seems to me that abortion has had a positive effect on society. and did their best to help women. the Chilean government [97][98] began the free distribution of emergency contraception.000 deliveries). The number of deaths that occur annually with legal abortion is . In some cases this leads to drug addiction and alcoholism. ." or she could pay to go to Europe or South America where abortion was legal. that is driven at least partly by differing limits on abortion according to gestational age or the scarcity of doctors trained and willing to do later abortions. wives and daugthers who would be dead are alive and well. like Vera Drake. will allow one to be performed in the case of rape. The psychological effects of abortion are sometimes referred to as Post-Abortion Stress Syndrome. The last two options were generally only available middle-class and upper-class women because of economic reasons. or danger to the pregnant woman's life or health. abortion is illegal. her family doctor might have been sympathetic and performed the abortion for the sake of her "mental health. guilt. y In places where abortion is illegal or carries heavy social stigma. and psychological consequences of an abortion are serious and can be lasting. Some of these folks were skilled and dedicated. In Bangladesh. Estimates range from 1.[101] However. Causes of Abortion to the Society Today. Estimates range from 1-2 million.

. Bladder Injury If your uterus is perforated. By 1980 it was 14. After an abortion. your urinary bladder can be perforated. abdominal pain. too. Complications You can have With abortion. the incidence was 4. Statistics show a 30% increased risk of ectopic pregnancy after one abortion and a 160% increased risk of ectopic pregnancy after two or more abortions.our taxes go to killing babies.. you are 8 to 20 times more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy. In 1970. This can also cause peritonitis (an inflamed. Effects on Future Pregnancies If you have an abortion: (1) You will be more likely to bleed in the first three months of future pregnancies. If not discovered soon enough. vomiting. There has been a threefold increase in ectopic pregnancies in the U. Breast cancer has risen by 50% in America since abortion became legal in 1973. (4) Your next baby will be twice as likely to die in the first few months of life. since abortion was legalized. (6) Your next baby may have a low birth weight. (3) You will need more manual removal of placenta more often and there will be more complications with expelling the baby and its placenta. your intestines can be perforated.Another thing to mention is that many of the abortion clinics are free to their patrons.S..000 births. infected lining of the abdomen) and death if not treated quickly enough. and a temporary or permanent colostomy may be put in your abdomen. dangers and necessary reparative surgery. an ectopic pregnancy ruptures. (7) Your next baby is more likely to be born prematurely with all the dangerous and costly problems that entails. . Breast Cancer Women who have aborted have significantly higher rates of breast cancer later in life. and you can bleed to death if you do not have emergency surgery.. (5) Your next baby will be three to four times as likely to die in the last months of his first year of life.8 per 1.. too. (2) You will be less likely to have a normal delivery in future pregnancies.000 live births. This will cause nausea. fever..this is because our government funds these organizations. infected lining of the abdomen) with all of its pain. peritonitis (an inflamed. Ectopic (Tubal) Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy is any pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus.5 per 1. Bowel Injury If your uterus is perforated. blood in stool. A portion of the intestine may have to be taken out.

This happens in anywhere from 1 in 4 women to 1 in 50 women. avoidance of emotional attachment. These may include recurrent dreams of the abortion experience. Infection Mild fever and sometimes death occurs when there is an infection from an abortion. sleep . women suffer a range of mental and psychological problems.Failed Abortion Failure to successfully abort the unborn younger than 6 weeks is relatively common. Sometimes. More Miscarriages Later Women who have had two or more abortions have twice as many first trimester miscarriages in later pregnancies. infected lining of the abdomen). an abortionist fails to evacuate the placenta from the uterus. unless your obstetrician recognizes this condition and removes the baby by Caesarean section at just the right time in the pregnancy. This causes you to have nearly a 50/50 chance of miscarrying in your next pregnancy if it is not treated properly during that pregnancy. Perforation of the Uterus Women suffer a perforated uterus in between 1 out of 40 and 1 out of 400 abortions. Post-Abortion Syndrome Frequently after an abortion. There is a ten-fold increase in the number of second trimester miscarriages in pregnancies that follow a vaginal abortion. relationship problems. Hepatitis This can occur if you have to have a blood transfusion after an abortion. In this condition your baby s placenta lies over the exit from the uterus so that the placenta has to be delivered before the baby can get out. This almost always causes peritonitis (an inflamed. Laceration of the Cervix About 1 out of 20 women suffer this during an abortion. similar to having a ruptured appendix. Placenta Previa Placenta previa occurs 6 to 15 times more often after a woman has had an abortion. This causes the mother to bleed severely while the baby almost always dies. This means the pregnancy continues even though mother has endured the dangers and cost of an abortion. Hemorrhage One to fourteen percent of women require a blood transfusion due to bleeding from an abortion. A high incidence of cervical damage from the abortion procedure has raised the incidence of miscarriage 30-40% in women who have had abortions.

there are few surgical procedures given so little attention and so underrated in its potential hazards as abortion. There is evidence that in 15 to 17 year old women. guilt about surviving. hostile outbursts. so that he can protect you and your next baby against future Rh incompatibilities. Unrecognized Ectopic Pregnancy Your doctor may try to abort the baby but be unsuccessful because it is developing in your fallopian tube. placenta. RH Incompatibility Your doctor should be sure of your baby s Rh blood type if you are Rh-negative. Young Women Complication rates of abortion increase with younger. or a low grade fever. These problems may occur days to years later. Retained Products of Conception If your doctor leaves pieces of the baby. suicidal thoughts or actions. depression. .disturbances. The risk of secondary infertility among women with at least one abortion is 3 to 4 times greater than that among women who have not aborted. even in very early suction abortions done before eight weeks. It is a commonly held view that complications are inevitable. . Unfortunately this tubal pregnancy ruptures later and emergency surgery must be done to save your life. If your doctor doesn t check the blood type of the baby you are going to abort. you may develop pain. and substance abuse. you may require additional surgery to remove these remaining pieces. It occurs in 2 out of 1. This happens in 1 out of 20 to 1 out of 50 women. pregnancy may even be physically healthier than in women of older ages. thereby sensitizing you if you are Rh-negative. Besides antibiotics and possible hospitalization. Rapid Bleeding You may develop DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulopathy) from your abortion. teen-age women. This means your blood does not clot and you will bleed uncontrollably. or amniotic sac in your body. umbilical cord. Severe. "In medical practice. cause future babies to die soon after birth because of the Rh incompatibility. All women in their first trimester should have an ultrasound to make sure they do not have an ectopic pregnancy. bleeding. However. cause future babies to be born dead because of the incompatibilities. DIC is extremely life threatening and difficult to treat. require that future babies will need transfusions soon after birth." . These Rh incompatibilities can: .000 second trimester abortions. fetal-maternal hemorrhage can occur. younger women who carry their babies to term have better births than older women if they get proper care. memory impairment. Sterility After an abortion you may become sterile.

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