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What is private mode? When does user switch to user mode? Private mode is a mode where the heap data is getting exclusively allocated by the user and is no more shared across the system. This happens when your extended memory is exhausted. What is osp$ mean? What if user is given with this authorisation? OPS$ is the mechanism the <SID>adm users uses to connect to the database . Why do you use DDIC user not SAP* for Support Packs and SPam? Do _NOT_ use neither DDIC nor SAP* for applying support packages. Copy DDIC to a separate user and use that user to apply them. Can you kill a Job? Yes - SM37 - select - kill If you have a long running Job, how do you analyse? Use transaction SE30. How to uncar car/sar files in a single shot? on Unix: $ for i in *.SAR; do SAPCAR -xvf $i; done When we should use Transactional RFC ? A "transactional RFC" means, that either both parties agree that the data was correctly transfered - or not. There is no "half data transfer". What is the use of Trusted system. I know that there is no need of UID and PWD to communicate with partner system. In what situation it is good to go for Trusted system ?
E. g. if you have an R/3 system and a BW system and don't want to maintain passwords. Same goes for CRM and a lot of other systems/applications. Let me know if my understanding below is correct: 1) By default the RFC destination is synchronous 2) Asynchronous RFC is used incase if the system initiated the RFC call no need to wait for the response before it proceeds to something else. Yes - that's right. But keep in mind, that it's not only a technical issue whether to switch to asynchronous. The application must also be able to handle that correctly. Which table contains the details related to Q defined in SPAM? Is there a way to revert back the Q defined? If yes, How? There is a "delete" button when you define the queue. If you already started the import it's no more possible since the system will become inconsistent. What is a developer key? and how to generate a developer key? The developer key is a combination of you installation number, your license key (that you get from http://service.sap.com/licensekey) and the user name. You need this for each person that will make changes (Dictionary or programs) in the system. What is XI3.0 ? EXPLAIN XI = Exchange Infrastructure - Part of Netweaver 2004. SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) is SAP's enterprise application integration (EAI) software, a component of the NetWeaver product group used to facilitate the exchange of information among a company's internal software and systems and those of external parties. Like other NetWeaver components, SAP XI is compatible with software products of other companies. SAP calls XI an integration broker because it mediates between entities with varying requirements in terms of connectivity, format, and protocols. According to SAP, XI reduces integration costs by providing a common repository for interfaces. The central component
of SAP XI is the SAP Integration Server, which facilitates interaction between diverse operating systems and applications across internal and external networked computer systems. How to see when were the optimizer stats last time run? We are using win2k, oracle 9, sapr346c. Assumed DB=Oracle Select any table lets take MARA here but you should do the same for MSEG and few others to see whether the dates match or not.Run the following command on the command prompt:select last_analyzed from dba_tables where table_name like '%MARA %'; This gives you a straight answer .Else you can always fish around in DB14 for seeing when the optimzer stats were updated. SAP Administration Questions Answers What is the use of profile paramater ztta/roll_area? The value specifies the size of the roll area in bytes. The roll area is one of several memory areas, which satisfies the user requests of user programs. For technical reasons, however, the first 250 KB or so of a user context are always stored in the roll area, further data - up to the roll area limit ztta/roll_first, - in the extended memory, up to the limit ztta/roll_extension or if extended memory is exhausted, then - again in the roll area, until the roll area is full, then - in the local process area, up to the limit abap/heap_area_dia or abap/heap_area_total or until the address space or the swap space is exhausted. Followed by termination with errors like STORAGE_PARAMETERS_WRONG_SET an error code, that points to memory bottleneck Minimum data transfer with context change; however, the increase helps to avoid problems (address space, swap space, operating system paging). *-- Anupam Sharma What is R/3? and what is basis version?
E.20 4.Allows the distribution of resources and system components . BW etc. G.Contains the tools for administering the entire system .1H Basis 310 3. The services may be D. background.) What is mysap? . message. The name of an R/3 instance is composed of letters standing for the relevant services. which respectively stand for dialogue.0 .1I Basis 310 4. enqueue.0E Basis 300 3. B.20 5. M. and spool services. or S.0) .Enterprise Core components) 6.6C Basis 460 4.0B Basis 400 4.Defines a stable architecture framework for system enhancements . An R/3 instance is a group of R/3 services that are started and stopped as a unit (by an R/3 dispatcher) and have a common instance profile. and an instance number which is unique for each computer.00 Basis 6. update.5B Basis 450 4.0F Basis 300 3.actually in RampUp All of those have increased business functionality and interfaces to other systems (CRM.SAP Basis: .0D Basis 300 3.Provides interfaces for decentralized system parts and external products.Optimally embeds the application in the system environment . gateway.00 (ECC 6. V.00 Basis 7.72 Basis 6. The history of the "R/3" is 3.71 Basis 6.Provides the runtime environment for all SAP applications . Tips by : Suresh Babu I would like to know the version or name of SAP that is implemented in real time? This is a very generic question and really depends on what you are implementing (modules).40 (ECC 5.
Using Tc SGEN I have generated 74% job and later I have terminated the job. What is the systems configuration required to implement SAP. RAM.. We need a BIG database system and an even bigger application server for ~ 900 users and 12 languages.. Just define more (profile parameter rdisp/wp_no_spool) processes so people don't need to wait. a MySAP business suite consist of ERP2005. how many users will work on the system.It's a term for all the systems that in a contract (e. how many records in what area are created etc. Start SGEN again and select the same you have selected before. Blueprint -> prototype -> goLive (if you want to say it in one sentence). Processor This also depends on what your are implementing. . SRM2005). use the function SAP System Trace. Developer Trace and System Log? System Trace: If you want to record the internal SAP system activities. 1. teamlead. CRM2005. It will popup and ask if you want to start from scratch or generate the just the remaining. Recording the processes in your application server enables you to monitor the system and facilitates troubleshooting. g. i. How should I further proceed so as to complete the remaining job. project manager? There's nothing like "priority" settings for spool processes.e for production. How should I set priority for Printing say like user. I wish to start generating from where it stopped I have refreshed but to no chance nothing was done.What is the difference between System Trace.development and QAS servers the hard disk space. What is ASAP? It's an old term for an implementation strategy.
if that does not work.. restart the application Server.Incase. System Log: You can use the log to pinpoint and correct errors occurring in your system and its environment.. than you can directly attach the authorization. 3.. you can search for authorizations that are existing in the system.. my sap system having patch number was 8. choose Tools ® Administration from the R/3 initial screen. To work with system logs. Try restarting the workprocess. My sap system was down (Users are unable to login to sap system) How to analyze this problem? Check if all the services of SAP.One user unable to execute one t-code. If the authorization is available and you receive an approval from the concerned HOD or the concerned person. you can choose Test ® System log from the ABAP/4 Development Workbench initial screen. How to add this authorization object to user? Take the SU53 screenshot.. When the System Administration initial screen appears.I want to apply patch 9 and 10.. If you did that. than try to kill some of the jobs. choose Monitoring ® System log. than clear the OCS queue by running OCS_RESET_QUEUE in SE37 than import SP9 and SP10. If it is JAVA stack than no need to make changes you can directly apply SP11. that is authorization object is missing. And without performing a test import no BASIS consultant would import a support pack. what are the common errors you faced? tp import client U123689 RC 8 & 12 4. 5.. 2. based on the output results. the dependencies are checked.How to import the transport request at operating system Level? When importing a transport request. than the .Developer Trace: Developer traces contain technical information for use in the event of problems with your system. If there is no authorization available. check the wp status using dpmon. Using the entries in the developer traces requires a sophisticated knowledge of the host systems in which your SAP system is running and of the SAP system itself.Mistakenly I will apply the patch directly 11 without applying 9 and 10. Else.. SAPOSCOL are up and running. Database.For example. Alternatively.How sap system will recognize this problem? Firstly.
Than do that in DEV. of work processes by adding or modifying the parameter rdisp/wp_no_= Status of a WP can be checked at the OS level by executing dpmon.what is the use of parameter tab. But 15 users account was locked. you can increase the no. like BW.For example. transport it to QAS and PRD. 7.0 11.what are the prerequisite for before applying support packs? Shall I apply sap basis patch to all the system. 9.This client having 75 users..0 3.What is the latest version of sap kernel? Can u give me the list of kernel versions? service. my sap system having 4 application sersvers.sap. consider a client 800.6D 4. and personalization tab in user master record? What is the use of account id in logon tab? 8.5 4.for example. HR. etc. I want to unlock this 15 users account at a time.com/swdc 710 (Demo version is available) 700 640 620 610 (WEB AS was introduced in this version) 4.. 6. ABAP.1 3.how to change the number of work process at OS level? How to analyze the status of work process at OS level? By editing the instance profile at the OS level.. Dependency check.functional lead or the HOD will revert back to you saying that you need to create the Role or make modifications in an existing role. check if the new SP to be installed has any . How to do? Using T-code SU10. How many enqueue work process allowed for this sap system? 1 (you can increase them by making modifications in rdisp/wp_no_enq) 10.
0? HDD.Server Configuration HDD.what is the user group and use in sap? 21. You must implement different SP's for different components in SAP. I want to monitor all the application servers. How to configure a CCMS? 22.what are the configuration details of ECC6. BAPI? 20. I am using client export and import method. DATABASE. 1.What is the use of reference and service user in sap? 15. ST04. How to analyze this problem? what is the selection criteria? 16.dependent coponents in any of the other SP's. What is the use of distribution model. partener profile. ST06.Example you have 6 sap application servers. and ST03? . OS. DATABASE. Can you tell me what are errors you are faced? 18.For example.In CUA. you are used (Drive/tape) ? refer inist. OS.How to take a sap backup using BRTOOLS explain the procedure? When using BRTOOLS. I want to transfer 50GB of data from DEV to Quality.How to troubleshoot this problem? 19.What are things we have to monitor in ST02. I am unable to changes from DEV to QAS or PRD.When applying a support pack to sap system.How to perform a client import and export at OS level? using r3trans or tp 14. 17.In CUA. can you tell me how many hours take for client export and import? And also How many hours take for remote client copy? Data transfer rate depends on the H/W Configuration and N/w Speed in Remote Client copy.sap file. 12. System Configuration 23. which backup device. 13. RAM.For example. I scheduled one ABAP program as a background job. RAM. 2. But it was running 10 days and above.
5. What exact info do u need? 24. 2. Operating system Interface.? Presentation Interface. device type in printer? 25.what is the name of your output device. Which interface controls what is shown on the p. 3. 4. The R/3 basis s/w provides the run time environment for the R/3 applications ensures optimal integration.sap. and contains the administration tools for the entire system.com/swdc SAP R/3 INTERVIEW ARCHITECTURE QUESTIONS 1. What are the central interfaces of the R/3 system? Presentation Interface.One of the main tasks of the basis system is to guarantee the portability of the complete system. defines a stable architectural frame for system enhancements.c.We can monitor many things in the above T-codes. What is SAP dispatcher? . Database Interface. What guarantees the integration of all application modules? The R/3 basis system guarantees the integration of all application modules. Which interface converts SQL requirements in the SAP development system to those of the database? Database Interface.Can you tell me the path in service market place for download support packs and kernel? service.
Management of buffer areas in main memory. Name various work processes of R/3 system? Dialog or Online (processes only one request at a time). 8. Background (Started at a specific time) Update (primary or secondary) Enque (Lock mechanism). Spool (generated online or during back ground processing for printing). 10.SAP dispatcher is the control agent that manages the resources for the R/3 applications. 6. Which work process triggers database changes? Update work process. Explain about the two services that are used to deal with communication. Message Service: Used by the application servers to exchange short internal messages. What are the functions of dispatcher? Equal distribution of transaction load to the work processes. 7. What is a work process? A work process is where individual dialog steps are actually processed and the work is done. Gateway Service: Enables communication between R/3 and external applications using CPI-C protocol. . Each work process handles one type of request. all system communications. Organization of communication activities. Integration of the presentation levels. 9.
Job Processing. Database Layer. All . Job Overview. What are the different layers in R/3 system? Presentation Layer. Roll area holds data from previous dialog steps and data that characterize the user. What components of the R/e system initiate the start of background jobs at the specified time? The batch scheduler initiates the start of background job. The dispatcher then sends this request to an available background work process for processing. 15. The services offered by an instance are started and stopped at random. What are the roll and page areas? Roll and page areas are SAP R/3 buffers used to store user contexts (process requests).11. An instance is an administrative unit in which components of an R/3 systems providing one or more services are grouped together. Paging area holds data from the application programs. What are the phases of background processing? Job Scheduling. Define Instance. Application Layer. 14. 16. The SAP dispatcher assigns process requests to work processes as they are queued in the roll and page areas. 13. 12. Define service (within R/3)? A service is a process or group of processes that perform a specific system function and often provide an application-programming interface for other processes to call.
What is a Service in SAP terminology? A service refers to something offered by a s/w component. every information system can be divided into three task areas Presentation. A central R/3 system consists of a single instance in which all-necessary SAP services are offered. 18. Presentation and Application run on the same computer. 23. Two-level client/server system with rolled out presentation software. What is the means of communications between R/3 and external applications? . At the same time these clients may also be servers for other services. What are R/3 Basis configurations? A central system with centrally installed presentation software. Two-level client/server system. 21. 17. 19. Each instance uses separate buffer areas. Application and database each run on separate computers.components are parameterized using a joint instance profile. Presentation. 20. What is Server in SAP terminology? A component can consist of one process or a group and is then called the server for the respective service. The R/3 Basis software is highly suitable for use in multi-level client/server architectures. Three-level client/server system. From hardware perspective. Application Logic and Data Storage.What is a SAP system? The union of all s/w components that are assigned to the same databases is called as a SAP system. What is a client in SAP terminology? A S/W component that uses the service (offered by a s/w component) is called a Client. 22.
Explain what is a transaction in SAP terminology. 28. using the CPI-C Protocol.The means of communication between R/2. 24. Expand CPI-C. Dialog work processes perform only one dialog step and then available for the next request. 29. 25. In SAP terminology. 26. we can have more than one V2 logs. What is the protocol used by SAP Gateway process? The SAP Gateway process communicates with the clients based on the TCP/IP Protocol. 27. If a V1 update fails. Time-critical operations are placed in V1 component and those whose timing is less critical are placed in V2 components. V1 must be processed before V2. What is a Spool request? Spool requests are generated during dialog or background processing and placed in the spool database with information about the printer and print format. Explain how SAP GUI handles output screen for the user. User terminal input is . a transaction is series of logically connected dialog steps. But. The SAP front-end s/w can either run on the same computer or on different computers provided for that purpose.R/3 and external applications is via the CPI-C handler or SAP Gateway. What are different types of Log records? V1 and V2. 30. Common Program Interface Communication. 31. What are the types of Update requests? An update request can be divided into one primary (V1) and several Secondary update components (V2). V2 components will not be processed. The actual data is places in the Tem Se (Temporary Sequential objects).
The dispatcher first places the processing request in request queues. The dispatcher dispatches the requests one after another. JD Edwards. 4. ERP was targeted for manufacturing industry mainly for planning and managing core business like production and financial market. Siebel. InfoSources.SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems.accepted by the SAP terminal program SAP GUI. the result of a work process is returned via the dispatcher to the SAP GUI. What is ERP? . queries.SAP. The actual processing takes place in the work process. As the growth and merits of ERP package ERP software is designed for basic process of a company from manufacturing to small shops with a target of integrating information across the company. to the available work process. Applications. for effective use of management resources. Explain the concept of “Business Content” in SAP Business Information Warehouse? . to improve the efficiency of an enterprise. which it then processes. Initially. Oracle Financials. PeopleSoft. These information models essentially contain roles. Different types of ERP? .ERP is a package with the techniques and concepts for the integrated management of business as a whole. General questions 1. InfoCubes. converted to SAP proprietary format and sent to the SAP dispatcher. BAAN. characteristics. key figures. workbooks. Business Content provides selected roles within a company with the information they need to carry out their tasks. Among all the ERPÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s most of the companies implemented or trying to implement SAP because of number of advantages aver other ERP packages.Business Content is a pre-configured set of role and task-relevant information models based on consistent Metadata in the SAP Business Information Warehouse. What is SAP? . The dispatcher coordinates the information exchange between the SAP GUIs and the work processes. update rules . The SAP GUI interprets the received data and generates the output screen for the user. When processing is complete. and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package. 2. 3.
7. What is SAP R/3? . It’s highly configurable. The main advantage is reduction in throughput times and the costs involved in managing business processes. Here you simply need to map the transfer structures associated with BW data sources (InfoCubes.There are number of technical reasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. DataStage and others will have been certified to load data in BW. highly secure data handling. using the message server. min data redundancy. What should be the approach for writing a BDC program? Convert the legacy system data to a flat file and convert flat file into internal table. This involves coordinating the persons involved. The application servers communicate with the presentation components. Several third party ETL products such as Acta. You can use predefined business content in BW using your non-SAP data. 8. What is WF and its importance? . Takes care of any enterprise however diverse in operation. What is IDES? . All the data are stored in a centralized server. the work steps required. You can run BW without R/3 implementation. A sample application provided for faster learning and implementation. and also with each other. Can BW run without a SAP R/3 implementation? . the database.Business Work Flow: Tool for automatic control and execution of cross-application processes. 5. In R/3 system all the three servers like presentation. 6. Infomatica. Transparency and quality are enhanced by its use. spread over the world.The application layer of an R/3 System is made up of the application servers and the message server. 9.and extractors for SAP R/3. tight integration-cross function.International Demonstration and Education System. mySAP. which needs to be processed (business objects). Why do you usually choose to implement SAP? . What are presentation. Transfer the flat file into sap system called .Certainly. you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing. the data. This server is called database server. ODS tables) to the inbound data files or use 3rd part tool to connect your flat files and other data sources and load data in BW. application server and database server are located at different system.A third generation set of highly integrated software modules that performs common business function based on multinational leading practice. max data consistency. Application programs in an R/3 System are run on application servers. 11. application and database servers in SAP R/3? .com Business Applications and other selected applications. 10.
They are used for file handling in SAP. Using SAP as a tool to learn about . value table. use the statement EXEC.if success data will transfer). Open SQL (Subset of standard SQL statements). What are the major benefits of reporting with BW over R/3? Would it be sufficient just to Web-enable R/3 Reports? Performance — Heavy reporting along with regular OLTP transactions can produce a lot of load both on the R/3 and the database (cpu. 15. Value table: Value table will be at domain level checking ex: scarr table is check table for carrid. Data analysis — BW uses a Data Warehouse and OLAP concepts for storing and analyzing data. If different databases are involved. Call transaction(Write the program explicitly) or create sessions (sessions are created and processed . What are datasets? . 14.Internal table: It is a standard data type object. How can an ERP such as SAP help a business owner learn more about how business operates? . 12. memory.In order to use an ERP system. allows you to access all database tables available in the R/3 System. To avoid conflicts between database tables and to keep ABAP programs independent from the database system used. This knowledge gives the student a much deeper understanding of how a business operates. or yearend — now imagine that occurring even more frequently. regardless of the manufacturer. use Open SQL. 16. Explain open SQL vs native SQL? . What are internal tables check table. etc). quarter end. which exists only during the runtime of the program.“sap data transfer”. a business person must understand the business processes and how they work together from one functional area to the other. 13. Check table: Check table will be at field level checking. disks. Most ABAP programs containing database-specific SQL statements do not run with different databases.The sequential files (processed on application server) are called datasets.ABAP Native SQL allows you to include database-specific SQL statements in an ABAP program. where R/3 was designed for transaction processing. and transparent table? . Transparent table: . SAP has generated its own set of SQL statements known as Open SQL. To execute ABAP Native SQL in an ABAP program. Just take a look at the load put on your system during a month end. With a lot of work you can get the same analysis out of R/3 but most likely would be easier from a BW.Exists with the same structure both in dictionary as well as in database exactly with the same data and fields.
The Master Data related tables are kept in separate tables. Processing types. Bex enables end user to locate reports. 20. which has reference to the characteristics in the dimension table(s). Define Meta data. often algorithmic. Master Data: Master data is data that remains unchanged over a long period of time. lengthy implementation time. . Texts. By simple point-n-clicking.Variables are parameters of a query that are set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries are inserted into workbooks. Characteristics can bear master data in BW. These separate tables for master data is termed as the Extended Star Schema. demands highly trained staff. Because of that prior configuration.ERP systems will require that the people understand the business processes and how they integrate. Mining is to build the application to specifically look at detailed analyses. Transaction data: Data relating to the day-to-day transactions is the Transaction data.Interfaces are huge problem.OLAP On line Analytical processing is a reporting tool configured to understand your database schema . 17. In other words data about data is known as Meta Data. 19. What is Ã¢â‚¬Å“Extended Star SchemaÃ¢â‚¬Â ﾝ and how did it emerge? . 18. Bex Map. Replacment Path. It contains information that is always needed in the same way. a user can run any number of canned or user-designed reports without having to know anything of SQL or the schema. 22. There are different types of variables which are used in different application: Characteristics variables. What are variables? . Bex Web. Expensive.composition facts and dimensions . Bex analyzer. very complex. even more often misappropriate called “reporting.Meta Data: Data that describes the structure of data or MetaObjects is called Metadata. Master data and Transaction data . Formulas. The queries in workbook can be saved to there respective roles in the Bex browser. view reports. What is the difference between OLAP and Data Mining? . With master data you are dealing with attributes.The Star Schema consists of the Dimension Tables and the Fact Table.Bex stands for Business Explorer. the OLAP engine “builds” and executes the appropriate SQL. Name some drawbacks of SAP . texts or hierarchies. Hierarchies and hierarchy node. 21. User entry/Default type. analyze information and can execute queries. Determine where master data resides. What is Bex? . Bex has the following components: Bex Browser.
monitoring and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information whearhousing. This dataset can be analyzed with a BEx Query or InfoSet Query. What is its purpose? . Flat Files and External Systems.ini) of GUI at os level(I mean in which directory)? Latest Answer: All the files you can find in the system in which the SAP is installed. The path to find these files is as follows. flat database tables. SAP XD03 Screen How can I Export the .ini. i. The extractor may be able to supply data to more fields than exist in the extract structure.C:WINDOWS .0 ECC (Enterprize Central Component) is a one of the version of SAP releases. . SAP BW.23.SAP R/3 Source Systems.sapmsg.Tif images from SAP XD03 screen to my Folder on the desk top? SAP GUI Where can we find the 4 files(saplogon. 25.An ODS Object serves to store consolidated and debugged transaction data on a document level (atomic level). what is SAP 5.Extractors is a data retrieval mechanisms in the SAP source system.0 ECC Latest Answer: SAP 5. What are the different types of source system? . The data of an ODS Object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes and/or other ODS Objects in the same system or across systems. What is AWB?. Which can fill the extract structure of a data source with the data from the SAP source system datasets. What is the significance of ODS in BIW? . What is Extractor? .7 EE with include of web as Java.ini. AWB is a tool for controlling. It is the extention of SAP 4. 26..e Java Engine . It describes a consolidated dataset from one or more InfoSources.ini. the data in ODS Objects is stored in transparent.sapdoccd..AWB stands for Administrator WorkBench. 24. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes.saproute.
During patch implementation. it cann't update those table or programme. the patch manager updates some tables and programmes. TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT CONFIGURATION .Can SAP Patches be installed when other users are online? Latest Answer: No. So it is better to apply patches when there is no user logged in the . If any user use that programme or table.
click on Overview → Systems. On the Display Transport Routes screen. Go to transaction STMS. 7. On the Transport Management System screen (if you aren’t there. click Configuration → Standard Configuration → Development and Production System. use the following section Adding New Instance to TMS Setup. 1. Then click Save.Transport Management System . click SAP System → Create → External System. Instead. Fill in the Development and Production System popup. Fill in the rest of the information including the Path which is assumed to be \\<current server>:\usr\sap\trans for NT or /usr/sap/trans for UNIX. using your current SAP system SID as the Development system and the . On the System Overview – Domain Domain_<SID> screen. and assuming that you want your transport requests to be transportable and not local only. 12. Log on to client 000 of the SAP instance to serve as the Domain Controller. turn “on” the Hiergraphical List Editor. press F6 to change to the correct popup box. Back out This document is the intellectual property of Jo Spencer and may not be edited without permission. Go to transaction SE06. or make up a <SID> if you are never really going to have another SAP system. and the description of the Transport Domain. 3. 2.Configuring TMS . You could severely damage any pre-existing transports. 6.for the First Time Note: if you already have a TMS configured. back out until you are). 9. of the screen and then go back in – you should see the list in a text mode which makes it easier to handle. click the User Settings button. If the popup doesn't say that. do not use this section to add a new instance to the existing TMS configuration. Name of DOMAIN_<SID>. and click the √ Continue button. Fill in the TMS: Configure Transport Domain popup with the Description. On the Display Transport Routes screen. 11. 10. Click on the Perform Post Installation Actions button. Click Environment → Transport Routes. 5. click the Display<>Change button to toggle into Change Mode. You should see a popup box with the title TMS: Configure Transport Domain. On the Change Transport Routes screen. assuming that this is the first SAP instance and there are no other installed SAP instances in your landscape yet. 4. making them untransportable. Fill in QAS if you are going to have a three system configuration or PRD if you are going to have a two system configuration. 8.
Do step #16 for every system in your TMS Domain. Target Host. Save your way back the the main STMS screen. Click the √ mark to Continue. On the Display TMS Configuration: System XXX screen. Fill in the TMS: Include System in Transport Domain popup with the Description. 15. Back on the Change Transport Routes screen. On the Display TMS Configuration: System XXX screen. click the Save icon and confirm all the popup questions. 6. 5. 14. Press F6 until you see a TMS: Include System in Transport Domain popup. 16. 9. You should see a popup box with the title TMS: Configure Transport Domain. making sure to change all Transport Group Names are the same and the CTC row is added to each with a value of 1. Go to transaction STMS. It should contain of the Domain Controller in the format of DOMAIN_<SID> where <SID> is the System ID of the SAP Domain controller. 3. Click the Save button. You may now leave STMS. Go to transaction SE06. Use the dropdown to find the correct entry it the field is blank.. 2. 18. 17. on to client 000 of the Transport Domain Controller and go to transaction Log STMS. Add a Parameter of CTC and a Value of 1. back out until you can once more see the Transport Management System screen. 13. keeping your original session in the other SAP instance open. You should see a message that says SAP System waiting to be included in the Transport Domain. double-click the TMS Domain domain controller SAP instance. On the Change Transport Routes screen. Verify that the information on the tab is correct and click the Insert Row button. Click on the Perform Post Installation Actions button. and System number of the TMS Domain Controller then click Save. 19. click Overview . Click the Communication tab and make sure that the Transport Group Name is correct. Click Overview → Systems. 7. Log on to client 000 in the SAP instance you want to add to the existing TMS Domain. click the Display<>Change button to toggle into Change Mode. 4.SAP instance you created in step #8 as the Production system. Click the Transport Tool tab. Adding a New SAP Instance to an Existing TMS Domain Controller 1. 8. On the Transport Management System screen.. Return to Index.
On the Create Transport Route popup. Then confirm all the messages. Double-click on the new system. 1. Back out to the main Transport Management Screen. and click on the Communications tab. Make sure that the Transport Group name is the name of the original transport domain. use the Consolidation boxes to enter the SID of the transport domain. Make a Local Transport into a Transportable Transport Sometimes. . Highlight the System you just added and then click SAP System → Approve. Back on the Transport Management System screen. click Environment → Transport Routes. For this example. change it.. Click the Save button. Click Save and confirm. mistakes just happen.. Return to Index. and confirm that the SAP System waiting to be included in the Transport Domain has disappeard. of the system you are adding. click the Display<>Change button to toggle into Change Mode. 14. Log on to the client who is the owner of the local transports that needs fixed. If not. You can switch back to the new instance. 11.→ Systems. click Overview → Systems. Make sure to release SM1K00047 before beginning this procedure. Click the Transport Tool tab. Back on the Transport Management System screen. 10. On the Display Transport Routes screen. create a Z* transport layer. Click on Edit → Transport Route → Create. You may now log out of both SAP instances. 13. and the SID This document is the intellectual property of Jo Spencer and may not be edited without permission. 11. we will use a transport SM1K00047 as the erroneous change request. Verify that the information on the tab is correct and click the Insert Row button. 12. Add a Parameter of CTC and a Value of 1.
in our case SM1K00050. 3. Using the F9 button. Return to Index. 6. 3. Go to SE03. Transporting Change Requests To manually transport change requests from DEV/QAS to PRD: 1. click on the Merge icon. This new request can be released using one of the transport organizer Transactions like SE10.. On the Merge Objects List screen. You may now leave SE03. OK. 5. Make sure the change request(s) has been released via Se10 or one of the other Transport Organizer Transactions. Go to transaction STMS and click Overview → Imports. Once it is released. . You will get a new transport request number. On the Select Request Type popup. On the Transport Organizer List screen. fill in the necessary information and make sure that the fill in the Target field so that the transport request is NOT local. 4. On the Enter Transport Request popup. 7. Click the refresh button to make sure you have the most current view of the PRD queue. etc. until everything is done. 3. click "on" radio buttion Workbench Request. click the Create Request icon. 8. 2.SM1 to K00046. It shoud have been updated automatically. the transports are done. Click the Save. Make sure that the Released check box is "on" in the Request Status section and click the Execute icon.SM1 to R00046.. etc. Once you have control of your session again. and in directory data copy R00050. Verify their return code in the Import Queue list. Make sure the change request(s) you want to transport shows in the queue. On the Create Request popup. click on Merge Object Lists which is in the Requests/Tasks section. √ icon. highlight all the transactions you want to manually transport. On the Merge Objects List screen. Doubleclick the PRD queue. 4.SM1.2. put SM1K00046 in the first Request/Task field. This document is the intellectual property of Jo Spencer and may not be edited without permission.SM1. you can go to /usr/sap/trans on the OS level and in directory cofiles copy K00050.
3. Leave the change requests highlighted. 4..5. Fill in the “TO” system and click on the Execute green √ mark. Doubleclick the queue for which you want to view the history. Go to transaction STMS and click Overview → Imports. Once all choices have been made. 2. Re-Transport Several Change Requests at Once 1. 2. The transport request should now appear at the bottom of the queue list. Return to Index. Make sure that the first three options are checked "on" in the Options tab.and click the Import History button or press Ctrl+F7. Verify their return code in the Import Queue list. Now you can go to the “TO” queue and refresh the list. Click on Extras → Other Requests → Add. It shoud have been updated automatically. you may have a very long Import History list in the next screen. Your .. On the popup.. The resulting list can be sorted and filtered to produce a more exacting report if needed. If your SAP instance is older. Use some of the available filters and sort options to create a more controllable list of transports. Return to Index. click on the green √ and confirm the next popup. make sure that the target is client 300. Go to transaction STMS and click Overview → Imports. Make sure that Synchronous radio button is "on" in the Execution tab. 4. Confirm the popup. Click Request → Import. This bypasses the STMS_QA process. Click on the Import History button or press Ctrl+F7. Fill in the Number of the Transport Request to be added to the queue and then press Enter. 6. Return to Index. Use the F9 to select and/or unselect as many as you need to transport. the transports are done.. When you are done. Doubleclick the PRD queue. Go to transaction STMS and click Overview → Imports. Viewing the Transport Queue History 1. 3.. Make sure the change request(s) has been released via Se10 or one of the other Transport Organizer Transactions. Click on Extras → Activate Inactive Requests. 2. Adding a Change Request to a Transport Queue 1. Confirm the Add Transport Request popup.. Highlight the queue into which the transport(s) to be moved again were originally transported – the “FROM” queue . click Request → Forward → System. Once you have control of your session again.
we will DEV 100. use F9 to select and/or deselect those systems before you click Transport Tool. Click the green check mark to Transfer. 7. give a Short Description and click the Client Assignment button. You now have a target group. On the Display Transport Routes screen. 5. 1. Go to transaction STMS and click Overview → Imports. fill in the Target Group as /XXXCLNTS/. Enter each Target system and Target client you need. Return to Index. 3. You may get a message asking if you want to check the the transport tool for all systems. Return to Index. click Import Queue → Check → Transport Tool. On the Transport System Management screen. For our example. Log on to client 000 of your TMS Domain Controller SAP Instance. 2. 2. QAS 200. Go to transaction STMS. If only want to check a limited subset of the SAP instances. 6. 4. Be aware that the Target Group name must start and end with a “/”. Correct these problems and then run this report again until it comes back clean. Use Target Groups to Transport to Mulitple Clients in Two Different Instances 1. Now you must create a Consolidation Layer. Click on the Target Groups line and click the Create button. 3. On the TMS: Check Transport Tool screen. .. On the Import Overview screen. click on Transport Routes and click Create. Transport Tool System Confirmation This document is the intellectual property of Jo Spencer and may not be edited without permission. click the Display<>Change button to toggle into Change mode.. If you see any thing but red green Oks. a list of all selected SAP instances to be checked will appear. and QAS 210..imports should all be there. click Overview -> Transport Routes.. expand all the lines with the non-OK marks and look for more information. In the Create Transport Group popup. Back on the Change Transport Routes screen.
On the Display Transport Routes screen. Now you have met condition a. You now have a Transport Group. make sure Delivery is "on" and fill in Source and Delivery systems with QAS and PRD.8. Click the green check button to Save the change. click on the QAS instance and click the single pencil Change button. In the Create Transport Route popup. You will see a Change System This document is the intellectual property of Jo Spencer and may not be edited without permission. this is QAS and the instance to be controlled is PRD. Normally. Return to Index.. and b) be the target of a consolidation route. 10. See topic Using Target Groups to Transport to Mulitple Clients in Two Different Instances to fulfill the a) requirement. click the Extended Transport Control button at the bottom of the popup. Under Transport Routes. Click on the instance in which you want to control QA. Log on to client 000 of your TMS Domain Controller SAP Instance. Attributes popup. Click "on" Quality Assurance . Go to transaction STMS. 1. click Display<>Change button to toggle into change mode. Confirm the Disturbution of it to the other SAP Instances. click Overview -> Transport Routes. 9. . Back on the Change Transport Routes screen. On the Transport System Management screen. 3. 5. Configure TMS to Use SAP's Quality Assurance Functionality A Quality Assurance system must have a) a delivery route leading from it to another instance. click on the QAS instance and click Create.. 6.Delvery After Confirmation. 4. 2. Click the green check mark to save. Make sure Consolidation is "on" and fill in the information using our Target Group as the Consolidation Target. On the Create Transport Route screen.
. Confirm the Disturbution of it to the other SAP Instances. You now have a Transport Group. You may now leave the STMS transactions. give a Short Description and click the Client Assignment button. Automate the Transport Process 1. click on Transport Routes and click Create. Go to transaction STMS. click the Procedure button and make your changes. On the Import Queue screen. click the Refresh button.If you want to change the people who OK the transports. 5. On the Start Import popup. Be aware that the Target Group name must start and end with a “/”. click Overview -> Imports. 4. Make sure "At . Double-click on the queue for the SAP instance are in. click the Extended Transport Control button at the bottom of the popup. 9. On the Transport System Management screen. In the Create Transport Route popup. Click the green check mark to Transfer. Click on the Import All Requests button. fill in the information for the job. Back on the Change Transport Routes screen. You now have a target group. 2. Back on the Change Transport Routes screen. 8. Click the green check button to Save the change. Return to Index. Log on to client 000 of your TMS Domain Controller SAP Instance. click on the Target Groups line and click the Create button. 7.. 11. 3. Make sure Consolidation is "on" and fill in the information using our Target Group as the Consolidation Target. 12. In the Create Transport Group popup. Now you must create a Consolidation Layer. Click the green check to Transfer your changes. 10. fill in the Target Group as /XXXCLNTS/. Then back out. Enter each Target system and Target client you need.
and once an evening in PRD. and a documented part of any SAP implementation project. You may now leave tSTMS transaction. I recommend every hour in DEV. frequency. are all decisions your IT staff need to make based on their history with similar procedures at your company. 6. transaction DB13 can be used to schedule periodic backups. log cleanup. you can still change it to the periodic value you need. and detailed and tested recovery procedures should be part of any Disaster Recovery plan. and database verification jobs are scheduled in the post-installation work after installation of a new SAP instance. If you SAP server contains a tape drive or has access to the network tape unit. Enforced backups. and the guidance of your implementation Basis consultant. If you ever need to change this job. SAP does supply tools for your uses which can be used in either line command form or from within the SAP instance.Start Time" is on. SAP BASIS Backup Interview Questions Your Company’s Take on Backups Backup and recovery for a SAP instance is best handled along with the other backup and recovery needs of your company’s computer systems. the recommendations of SAP. If your company falls into the latter category. Click on the green check mark to Continue. This is the same transaction where weekly statistics. here are a few things you need to know. please see the SAP Online Documentation for DB13 by going to the DB13 transaction and clicking Help -> Application Help or referring to the section Creating Database . Although Period appears grayed out. high availability. or who simply want to segragate the SAP landscape from all other internal IT solutions. But for those company’s who do not yet possess a solid backup and recovery solution. DB13 scheduled BRCONNECT runs which can also be CRONed in command line form by the IT staff. For more information. 4 times a day in QAS. Online versus offline. he you must do it via STMS and not SE37.
and Log Backup Jobs – Oracle. and each separate /oracle/<SID> directory if there is more than one instance on the server.com/instguides. It is also recommended that a full offline image of the entire server be made before the monthly closing cycle. More information regarding BRCONNECT can be found in the SAP BRCONNECT Guide which can be found at http://service. The DEV and QAS Instances Weekly backup should be made for these SAP specific directories: /usr/sap/<SID> /sapmnt/<SID> Any directories containing flat files that are used by the SAP instance Weekly backups should be made for these Oracle specific directories: /oracle Directory holding redo logs if not in the /oracle structure . Index Rebuilds.sap.Statistics. BACKUP QUESTIONS What Needs to Be Backed Up? The PRD Instance Daily backup should be made for these SAP specific directories: /usr/sap/<SID> /sapmnt/<SID> /usr/sap/trans on the TMS Domain Controller Server Any directories containing flat files that are used by the SAP instance Daily backups should be made for these Oracle specific directories: /oracle Directory holding redo logs if not in the /oracle structure Weekly backup should be made for these OS specific directories: Root /etc /dev For Oracle. the entire /oracle directory should be backed up daily if there is only one Oracle Instance on the server.
there can only be three reasons for a “broken” SAPNet connection to SAP: the SAP VPN is down (which rarely happens). Look at the SAPROUTER service. 1. right-click & Stop the service and then right-click & Start the service. You may now log off the server. 2. or your saprouter is not running (happens all the time). 2. It is also recommended that a full offline image of the entire server be made at the same time every month. 3.. Click Start → Administrative Tools → Services to open a Services window. 2. Log on to the appropriate server as <sid>adm. Working with saprouter Starting saprouter (OSS Link) 1. If it is started. You may now log off the server.Monthly backup should be made for these OS specific directories: Root /etc /dev For Oracle. the entire /oracle directory should be backed up daily if there is only one Oracle Instance on the server. Verifying the Status of saprouter If you have previously successfully established SAPNet (OSS) communications with SAP via saprouter in the past. You may now log off the server. 3. Stopping saprouter 1. Return to Index. If is not started.. Right-click on the SAPROUTER service and click Stop. 4. . and each separate /oracle/<SID> directory if there is more than one instance on the server. 4. This should “bounce” your saprouter instance. your saprouter configuration has been incorrectly changed (also very rare). right-click to start the service. Right-click on the SAPROUTER service and click Start. Click Start → Administrative Tools → Services to open a Services window. Log on to the appropriate server as <sid>adm. Log on to the appropriate server as <sid>adm. 4. Click Start → Administrative Tools → Services to open a Services window. 3.
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