HARDWARE AND NETWORKING

Hardware and Networking course is all about the fundamentals of personal computing and basics networking concepts . This course teaches about the hardware .operating systems ,application software and networking. Networking hardware typically refers to equipment facilitating the use of a computer network.the coursegives visual elements and hands on approach designed to enable the learner to a get a perfect blend of theory and practice so as to become a complete IT professional. Computer hardware is the combination of the different physical parts of a computer. Networking is the practice of linking a group of two or more computer systems for the purpose of sharing information and data. The professionals associated with the discipline of research of computer hardware and developments of computer network are known as hardware and networking engineers. They also design and supervise the process of manufacturing and installation of hardware. This course help you and understand the basics with broad level of technical detail. HARDWARE A personal computer is made up of multiple physical components of computer hardware, upon which can be installed an operating system and a multitude of software to perform the operator's desired functions. Though a PC comes in many different form factors, a typical personal computer consists of a case or chassis in a tower shape (desktop) and the following parts:

Motherboard
The motherboard is the "brain” of the computer. Components directly attached to the motherboard include:

• • • •

The central processing unit (CPU) performs most of the calculations which enable a computer to function, and is sometimes referred to as the "brain" of the computer. It is usually cooled by a heat sink and fan. The chipset mediates communication between the CPU and the other components of the system, including main memory. RAM Stores all running processes (applications) and the current running OS. RAM Stands for Random Access Memory The BIOS includes boot firmware and power management. The Basic Input Output System tasks are handled by operating system drivers. Internal Buses connect the CPU to various internal components and to expansion cards for graphics and sound.

for RAM and PCI Express  PCI Express. for graphics cards  PCI. o USB o FireWire o eSATA o SCSI o Power supply Main article: Power supply unit (computer) Includes power cord.a device used for reading data from a DVD. o DVD-ROM Drive . PCI-E. or AGP). It is the most common way of transferring digital video. in the form of a graphics card. for other expansion cards  SATA. Removable media devices Main article: Computer storage • • CD (compact disc) . and is popular for data storage.a device used for reading data from a CD. suitable for music and data. but still used in industrial computers) External Bus Controllers support ports for external peripherals. for disk drives o Obsolete  ATA (superseded by SATA)  AGP (superseded by PCI Express)  VLB VESA Local Bus (superseded by AGP)  ISA (expansion card slot format obsolete in PCs. It also converts alternating current to direct current and provides different voltages to different parts of the computer. Video display controller Main article: Graphics card Produces the output for the visual display unit. and cooling fan. DVD (digital versatile disc) . These ports may be controlled directly by the southbridge I/O controller or based on expansion cards attached to the motherboard through the PCI bus. This will either be built into the motherboard or attached in its own separate slot (PCI. Supplies power at appropriate voltages to the motherboard and internal disk drives.0.a popular type of removable media that is the same dimensions as a CD but stores up to 12 times as much information.• Current  The northbridge memory controller. o CD-ROM Drive . o CD Writer .a device used for both reading and writing data to and from a CD. .the most common type of removable media. PCI-E 2. switch.

lightweight. o BD-ROM Drive . though it is common for a user to install a separate sound card as an upgrade. RAID array controller . first introduced by Iomega in 1994.a device used for both reading and writing data to and from a DVD.a discontinued competitor to the Blu-ray format. Other peripherals Main article: Peripheral In addition. at great expense. Blu-ray Disc . hardware devices can include external components of a computer system. The following are either standard or very common. Most modern computers have sound cards built-in to the motherboard. typically small. either built-in or added. and rewritable. Can store 70 times as much information as a CD. Blu-ray discs).an outdated storage device consisting of a thin disk of a flexible magnetic storage medium.a device used for both reading and writing data to and from a Blu-ray disc. but containing no moving parts and stores data in a digital format. o BD Writer .a device used for reading data from a Blu-ray disc. o DVD-RAM Drive . o Internal storage Hardware that keeps data inside the computer for later use and remains persistent even when the computer has no power.a device to manage several internal or external hard disks and optionally some peripherals in order to achieve performance or reliability improvement in what is called a RAID array. removable. Tape drive . Capacities vary. Solid-state drive . USB flash drive . Most sound cards.a device used for rapid writing and reading of data from a special type of DVD.an outdated medium-capacity removable disk storage system. Floppy disk .• • • • • • DVD Writer . used for long term storage and backups.a flash memory data storage device integrated with a USB interface. HD DVD . Used today mainly for loading RAID drivers. Sound card Main article: Sound card Enables the computer to output sound to audio devices.a high-density optical disc format for data and high-definition video. from hundreds of megabytes (in the same ballpark as CDs) to tens of gigabytes (surpassing.for medium-term storage of data. • • • Hard disk . Zip drive .a device similar to hard disk. as well as accept input from a microphone. have surround sound capabilities.a device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape. .

printed text. to be translated into mouse movements on the screen.converting an audio signal into electrical signal. o Webcam .a general handheld game controller that relies on the digits (especially thumbs) to provide input. o Game controller . Gaming devices o Joystick . to detect angles in two or three dimensions. Input Main article: Input • • Text input devices o Keyboard . o Trackball .a newer technology that uses lasers. handwriting.a device that provides input by analyzing images. or more commonly LEDs to track the surface under the mouse to determine motion of the mouse. Video input devices o Image scanner .a general control device that consists of a handheld stick that pivots around one end.a pointing device consisting of an exposed protruding ball housed in a socket that detects rotation about two axes.a low resolution video camera used to provide visual input that can be easily transferred over the internet. o Mic . • • • .a specific type of controller specialized for certain gaming purposes. o Gamepad .an acoustic sensor that provides input by converting sound into electrical signals. Pointing devices o Mouse . usually external to the computer system. Image.a pointing device that detects two dimensional motion relative to its supporting surface. Audio input devices o Microphone . The most common Englishlanguage key layout is the QWERTY layout. o Optical Mouse . or an object. similar to a typewriter.Includes various input and output devices.a device to input text and characters by depressing buttons (referred to as keys).

The most common kind of networking hardware today is copper-based Ethernet adapters.[3] The devices can be separated by a few meters (e. Networking.NETWORKING Computer networking is the engineering discipline concerned with communication between computer systems or devices. this includes routers. routers. ISDN adapters. Computer networks rely heavily upon the theoretical and practical application of these scientific and engineering disciplines. email etc) as well as other specific network devices such as content delivery.[1] Computer networking is sometimes considered a sub-discipline of telecommunications. All networks are interconnected to allow communication with a variety of different kinds of media. As technology grows and IP-based networks are integrated into building infrastructure and household utilities. which is usually a small network constrained to a small geographic area.g. routing protocols. via the interconnections of the Internet[4]). coaxial cable. Networking cables. Other hardware prevalent within computer networking is datacenter equipment (such as file servers. PDAs and even modern coffee machines. via Bluetooth) or nearly unlimited distances (e. network services (such as DNS. database servers and storage areas). firewalls and other related hardware. computer science. and networking over the public Internet have their specifications defined in documents called RFCs. however. power lines and various wireless technologies. helped largely by its standard inclusion on most modern computer systems. DHCP.[2] Examples of different networks are: • • • Local area network (LAN). network interface cards. modems. network bridges. including twisted-pair copper wire cable. information technology and/or computer engineering. gateways. Wireless LANs and WANs (WLAN & WWAN) are the wireless equivalent of the LAN and WAN. network . especially for portable and handheld devices. access points.g. hubs. optical fiber. switches. Wide area network (WAN) that is usually a larger network that covers a large geographic area. Other diverse devices which may be considered Networking hardware include mobile phones. Wireless networking has become increasingly popular. Typically. A computer network is any set of computers or devices connected to each other with the ability to exchange data.

The popularity of software industry had overshadowed the hardware sector.hardware becomes an ambiguous statement owing to the increasing number of 'network capable' endpoints. Remuneration A diploma holder earns around Rs.20000-25000. The syllabus of this course is mapped to leading global certifications from CompTIA. Scope Recent surveys have revealed that the electronics and hardware sector in India is expected to grow above the $60 billion landmark. Hardware and networking jobs in India are growing in potential. last decade has been a witness to an unforeseen upswing in the Indian IT industry... even the most remote corner of the country has access to computers.8000-10000 at the entry level. But the scenario is likely to experience a change in the coming years. Students often choose to start their own business ventures in the form of assembling and maintenance. Brainware has responded to the need of the hour by incorporating in its portfolio a comprehensive hardware & networking training programme. . The field of hardware jobs in India is saturated at the moment. This has resulted in an increased demand for hardware & networking professionals throughout the country. Microsoft. Today. Cisco & RedHat. The marginal increment in employment against the number of pass-outs is on the lower side. Career Options Hardware Engineer • Networking Engineer • PC Assembler • System Admin Site Engineer • Network Security Specialist • Peripheral Engineer. MAIT is forecasting manpower recruitment to the tune of 2 million in the hardware & networking industry by the year 2008. Those with vendor certification courses can expect a salary of Rs.