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mak 510 plane stress problems

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You are on page 1of 11

Example Problem 1:

For the plane stress problem shown in the figure below, consider a

one-element triangular mesh. The boundary conditions are as follows:

• edge BC is constrained in y and traction free x,

• edge AB is constrained in x and traction free in y,

• edge AC is subject to prescribed normal traction.

b) Determine the nodal force

vector.

c) Determine the unknown

displacement vector.

d) Determine the stresses at point

P(1.5, 1.5).

E = 3 × 107 Pa,

T

u e = u xe1 u ey1 uxe 2 u ye 2 u xe 3 u ey 3

1

MAK 510 Ch_11

Be

Ee Pa

K e = h e Ae ( B e ) Ee B e

T

2

MAK 510 Ch_11

Ke

Ke N/m

surface tractions:

fΓee = ∫hN t d Γe

T

Γe

x = x1 x = x2 ξ = −1 ξ =1

1 L 2 1 L 2

x = a1 + a2ξ , {x = x1 ⇒ ξ = −1; x = x2 ⇒ ξ = 1} ,

1−ξ 1+ ξ

x = N1 x1 + N 2 x2 = x1 + x2 ,

2 2

1− ξ 1+ξ

⇒ N1 = ; N2 = .

2 2

dx = d ( N1 x1 ) + d ( N 2 x2 ) = −

x1 x (x − x )

dξ + 2 dξ = 2 1 dξ ,

2 2 2

L

⇒ dx = dξ

2

3

MAK 510 Ch_11

fΓee =

• where:

fΓee = N

T

Ωe

4

MAK 510 Ch_11

e

= N

• strains:

5

MAK 510 Ch_11

• stresses:

• Note that for the constant strain triangle, the stresses and

strains are the same everywhere in the triangle.

Example Problem 2:

For the plane stress problem shown in the figure below, consider a

one-element quadrilateral mesh. The Young’s modulus and Poisson’s

ratio are, respectively, E = 3x107 Pa and ν = 0.3. The boundary

conditions are as follows:

• the bottom and right vertical edges are traction free,

• traction ty = -20 N/m.

1 1

Calculate the stress at point P ξ = − ,η = − .

3 3

1( x = 0, y = 1) 4 ( x = 2, y = 1)

η

3 ( x = 2, y = 0.5)

ξ

2 ( x = 0, y = 0 )

6

MAK 510 Ch_11

Ee Pa

Je

Je=

A A12 1 A22 − A12

A = 11 ⇒ A −1 = − A ;

A21 A 22 det ( A ) 21 A11

det ( A ) = A11 A22 − A12 A21.

7

MAK 510 Ch_11

(Je)-1= |Je|

Be=

1 1

∫ h (B ) ∫ h ( B ) E B J dξ dη

e T T

K = E B dΩ = ∫

e e e e e e e e e e

Ωe −1 −1

{

≈ ∑∑ ci c j h e ( B e ) Ee B e J e }

2 2 T

i =1 j =1 (ξi ,ηi )

{

K (eξi ,ηi ) = ci c j h e ( B e ) Ee B e J e

T

}

(ξi ,ηi )

8

MAK 510 Ch_11

1 1

• For the first Gauss point ξ1 = − ,η1 = −

3 3

{

K (eξ1 ,η1 ) = h e ( B e ) Ee B e J e

T

}

(ξ1 ,η1 )

Ke=

fΩe e = 0

9

MAK 510 Ch_11

surface tractions:

1

f = ∫h N t dΓ = ∫ {h N t} dη

e T e T

Γe

(ξ =−1,η )

Γ e

−1

fΓee =

N

e

= N

10

MAK 510 Ch_11

1 1

•

3 3

= {Ee e e } = Ee {Be } ue =

(ξ1 ,η1 ) (ξ1 ,η1 )

= Pa

11

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