CC Box Culvert

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CC Box Culvert

© All Rights Reserved

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Vijayawada Muncipal Corporation

Design for Drain of Size 2 m x 1.5 m of Box culvert type

1. Data:

2 m x 1.5 m

L

A B A'

2 1

ts

h

4

E H

6 7

D C D'

Height of vent = 1.50 m

Dead Load due to floor finishes etc = of 15cm at 24KN/m3 and extra 10%)

1. Live Load

As per IRC : 6-2000, Class 'A' loading for 59.5 KN/m2 (The equivalent UDL is calculated considering the dispersion of wheel

having carraige widths more than 5.30m load as per the clause mentioned) load dispersion calculation sheet

and less than 9.60m = 11.4 tonne per Axle enclosed.

Density of soil = 18 KN/m3

Angle of repose = 30 deg

Density of Concrete = 25 kN/m3

Density of Water = 10 kN/m3

Grade of Concrete M 20

Grade of Reinforcement = Fe 415

2. Permissible stresses:

c- 7 N/mm2

t- 150 N/mm2 (water face)

t- 190 N/mm2 (away from water face)

m- 13.333

k- 0.384

j- 0.872

Q- 1.171

Adopting thickness of slab as 100 mm/meter span, however provide

Thickness = ts = tw = 250 mm

Effective span = 2250 mm

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

4. Loads:

Self weight of top slab = 0.25 x 25 = 6.25 KN/m2

Super Imposed Dead Load = 4 KN/m2

Live Load = 59.5 KN/m2

Total Load = w = 69.75 KN/m2

At h = 1.75 m

Ф= 30 deg

p= 18 x 1.75 x 0.33

= 11 KN/m2

w= 18 KN/m3

Uniform lateral pressure due to effect of super imposed dead load and live load surcharge is calculated as

p= ( 59.5 + 4 ) x 0.33

= 21 KN/m2

Uniform lateral pressure due to effect of super imposed dead load surcharge only is

p= 4 x 0.33

= 1.33 KN/m2

p = wh = 10 x 1.75

= 17.5 KN/m2

The maximum design moments resulting from the combination of various loading cases are determined. The moments at the centre

of span of top and bottom slabs and the support sections and at the centre of the vertical walls are determined by suitably

combining the different loading patterns. The maximum moments generally develop for the following loading conditions.

1. When the top slab supports the Dead and Live Loads and the culvert is empty.

2. When the top slab supports the Dead and Live Loads and the culvert is running full.

3. When the sides of the culvert do not carry Live Loads and the culvert is running full.

The slabs of the box culvert drains are designed to reinforced on both faces of the members.

w= 69.75 KN/m2

W= 10.9 KN

w 2w = ###

Case 1 Case 2

udl on the top slab with uniform soil reaction on the weight of side walls assumed to produce

bottom slab. uniform soil action of the bottom slab.

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

Case 3 Case 4

Earth pressure on the vertical side walls.

water pressure inside culvert - full with water - pressure

distribution on side walls is assumed triangular.

Uniform Lateral Pressure on vertical side walls are considered due to the effect of dead load and live load surcharge.

Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5a Case 5b

B-1 Moment (M) (KN-m) + 29.31 + 0.52 + 1.68 - 1.01 - 4.50 - 0.28

Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 - 6.58 + 3.95 + 23.81 + 1.50

A-2 Moment (M) (KN-m) + 14.83 + 0.52 + 1.68 - 1.01 - 4.50 - 0.28

Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 - 6.58 + 3.95 - 23.81 - 1.50

Thrust (V) (KN) + 78.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

A-3 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 + 0.52 + 1.68 - 1.01 - 4.50 - 0.28

Shear Force (N) (KN) + 78.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Thrust (V) (KN) 0.00 0.00 + 6.58 - 3.95 - 23.81 - 1.50

E-4 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 - 1.03 - 3.81 - 2.29 + 8.89 + 0.56

Shear Force (N) (KN) + 78.47 + 5.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

D-5 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 - 0.10 + 2.04 - 1.22 - 4.50 - 0.28

Shear Force (N) (KN) + 78.47 + 10.94 - 13.11 + 7.87 0.00 0.00

Thrust (V) (KN) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 + 23.81 + 1.50

D-6 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 - 2.56 + 2.04 - 1.22 - 4.50 - 0.28

Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 + 23.81 + 1.50

Thrust (V) (KN) - 78.47 - 10.94 - 13.11 + 7.87 0.00 0.00

C-7 Moment (M) (KN-m) + 29.31 + 3.59 + 2.04 - 1.22 - 4.50 - 0.28

Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 - 13.11 + 7.87 + 23.81 + 1.50

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

cases (KN-m) Force (N)

(KN)

D-6 1 + 2 + 4 + 5(a) -23.11 + 23.81 -81.54

A-2 1 + 2 + 4 + 5(a) - 9.84 -19.87 + 78.47

B-1 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5(b) 30.215 -1.13 0.000

C-7 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5(b) 33.433 -3.74 0.000

E-4 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5(b) -21.40 + 83.94 0.000

6. Design of Reinforcements:

M= 33.43 KN-m

N= -3.74 KN (Tension)

def required - 168.981 mm

Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm

def provided - 250 - 30 -8

= 212 mm

Area of Steel required - 1205.463 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 166.792 mm c/c.

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick

= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= 514.286 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 390.954 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 1340.413 mm2

Maximum Shear - -3.745 KN

Shear at distance "d" - -3.039 KN

ζv - -0.0143 N/mm2

100 As/bd - 100 1340.41

= 0.632

1000 x 212

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Distribution Reinforcement:

Area of Steel - 0.257

x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= ### mm2

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld

Ast available at support = 1340.4128655 mm2

d= 212 mm

M1 = sst x Ast x j x d

= 37.175340925416 X 106 Nm

V = 3744.75 N

Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall

= ls = 250 mm

Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be

30 mm

Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ

= ( 250 - 30 - 80 ) + 192

2

= 207 mm

Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo

= 37.1753409254 X 106 Nm

+ 207 ###

3744.75

Ld = Φ sst

= 662.5

4 tbd

((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

Therefore provide a development length of 66.25 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.

40 Φ = 640 mm = 64 cms

How ever, provide a min. development of = 66.25 cms

M= -23.11 KN-m

N= 23.81 KN (Tension)

def required - 140.502 mm

Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm

def provided - 250 - 30 -8

= 212 mm

Area of Steel required - 833.379 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 241.261 mm c/c.

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick

= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= 514.286 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 390.954 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 874.182 mm2

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

Maximum Shear - 23.813 KN

Shear at distance "d" - 19.325 KN

ζv - 0.0912 N/mm2

100 As/bd - 100 874.18

= 0.412

1000 x 212

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Distribution Reinforcement:

Area of Steel - 0.257

x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= 514.28571 mm2

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld

Ast available at support = 874.18230361 mm2

d= 212 mm

M1 = sst x Ast x j x d

= 24.2447875600539 X 106 Nm

V = 23812.5 N

Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall

= ls = 250 mm

Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be

30 mm

Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ

= ( 250 - 30 - 80 ) + 192

2

= 207 mm

Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo

= 24.2447875601 X 106 Nm

+ 207 ###

23812.5

Ld = Φ sst

= 662.5

4 tbd

((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

Therefore provide a development length of 66.25 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.

40 Φ = 640 mm = 64 cms

How ever, provide a min. development of = 66.25 cms

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

M= -21.40 KN-m

N= 83.94 KN (Tension)

From Chart No. 32, pg No. 117.

(p/fck) = 0.02 for fy=415 & (d'/d)= 0.120 or 0.15

500 sqmm

Ast = 2x 500 sqmm = 1000 sqmm

As= (0.80x 250 x1000)100 = 2000 sqmm

Or say 150.000 mm c/c

on both faces in the Vertical side Wall

Distribution Steel of 10 mm dia bars @ 250.00 mm c/c

on both faces in the Vertical side Wall

M= 30.21 KN-m

N= -1.13 KN (Tension)

Maximum Moment - 30.215 KN - m.

def required - 160.643 mm

Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm

def provided - 250 - 30 -8

= 212 mm

Area of Steel required - 1089.436 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 184.556 mm c/c.

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick

= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= 514.286 mm2

Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 390.954 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 1182.717 mm2

Maximum Shear - -1.130 KN

Shear at distance "d" - -0.917 KN

ζv - -0.0043 N/mm2

100 As/bd - 100 1182.72

= 0.558

1000 x 212

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

Distribution Reinforcement:

Area of Steel - 0.257

x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= ### mm2

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250.00 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld

Ast available at support = 1182.7172343 mm2

d= 212 mm

M1 = sst x Ast x j x d

= 32.8017714047788 X 106 Nm

V = 1130.25 N

Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall

= ls = 250 mm

Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be

30 mm

Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ

= ( 250 - 30 - 80 ) + 192

2

= 207 mm

Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo

= 32.8017714048 X 106 Nm

+ 207 ###

1130.25

Ld = Φ sst

= 662.5

4 tbd

((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

Therefore provide a development length of 66.25 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.

40 Φ = 640 mm = 64 cms

How ever, provide a min. development of = 66.25 cms

M= 9.84 KN-m

N= -19.87 KN (Tension)

Maximum Moment - 9.837 KN - m.

def required - 91.660 mm

Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm

def provided - 250 - 30 -6

= 214 mm

Area of Steel required - 351.368 mm2

Provide 12 mm dia bars @ 321.877 mm c/c.

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick

= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= 514.286 mm2

Provide 12 mm dia bars @ 219.911 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 565.487 mm 2

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

Maximum Shear - -19.867 KN

Shear at distance "d" - -16.088 KN

ζv - -0.0752 N/mm2

100 As/bd - 100 565.49

= 0.264

1000 x 214

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Distribution Reinforcement:

Area of Steel - 0.257

x 250 x 1000 x 0.8

100

= ### mm2

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250.000 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld

Ast available at support = 565.48667765 mm2

d= 214 mm

M1 = sst x Ast x j x d

= 15.8313030562392 X 106 Nm

V = 19867.125 N

Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall

= ls = 250 mm

Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be

30 mm

Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ

= ( 250 - 30 - 60 ) + 144

2

= 179 mm

Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo

= 15.8313030562 X 106 Nm

+ 179 ###

19867.125

Ld = Φ sst

= 668.75

4 tbd

((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

Therefore provide a development length of 66.875 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.

40 Φ = 480 mm = 48 cms

How ever, provide a min. development

of = 66.875 cms

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

The final moments are arrived for the combination of all possible cases considered

30.215

9.837 9.837

A B A'

-21.399 E -21.399

D C D'

-23.113 -23.113

33.433

The final Shear Forces are arrived for the combination of all possible cases considered

-1.130

83.938

83.938 A B

-1.130

23.813

D C

83.938 83.938

23.813

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

Vijayawada Muncipal Corporation

BAR BENDING SCHEDULE OF BOX TYPE DRAIN OF SIZE -- 2.00 m x 1.50 m

2500 10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel

250 250

e 10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel

250

MWL

16 mm dia bar @ 150 mm c/c - Main Steel - both faces

10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution on both faces

c c

10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel

b

250

10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel

Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

Dia of Spacing No of

S.No Bar Shape of the Bar Provided Bars Length in m Total Length Wt/Kg Total Weight

1 16 mm 490 mm 150 mm 67 3.300 221.100 1.580 349.338

-60

-60

a

2440

150 mm

b

c

-60

150 mm

c

-60

150 mm

d

2440

2440

5 16 mm 150 mm 170 mm 59 2.740 161.660 1.580 255.423

e

For Distribution Reinforcement

6 10 mm 4.00 For Walls (C,C) 250 mm 11 10.000 440.000 0.620 272.800

7 10 mm 2.00 For Slab (a,e) 250 mm 10 10.000 200.000 0.620 124.000

8 10 mm 1.00 For Slab (b) 250 mm -1 10.000 -10.000 0.620 -6.200

9 10 mm 1.00 For Slab (e) 250 mm 10 10.000 100.000 0.620 62.000

Total Steel required 1424.70 Kg/m

Volume of Concrete 22.50 cum

Steel in Kg/Cum 63.32 Kg/cum Say 132

Drain Design Corporation of Chennai

Loading Case

Section 1 2 3 4 5 6

Factors for

Shear (N) W wL W pL pL pL

Thrust (V) W wL W pL pL pL

V + 0.5 + 0.5 0 0 0 0

N + 0.5 + 0.5 0 0 0 0

V 0 0 0 0 0 + 0.5

N 0 0 0 0 0 + 0.5

Drain Design Corporation of Chennai

Steel Calculation for Drain of Size of 2 m x 1.5 m of Box culvert type - for Feeder & Main Drains

Main Reinforcement

both sides

No. of bars on both Total Length Total wt. in

Diameter spacing per m run Length faces in m wt/m Kgs

Top Slab

16 170 5.88 2500 2 29.41 1.58 46.47

12 200 5.00 2500 2 25.00 0.92 23.00

Side Walls

16 150 5.88 0 2x2 0.00 1.58 0.00

Bottom Slab

16 230 5.88 2500 2 29.41 1.58 46.47

16 150 5.88 2500 2 29.41 1.58 46.47

Add for development lengths for top steel 11.00 662.5 2 14.58 1.58 23.03

Add for development lengths for bottom steel 12.00 662.5 2 15.90 0.92 14.63

###

Distribution Reinforcement

both sides

No. of bars on both Total Length Total wt. in

Diameter spacing per m run Length faces in m wt/m Kgs

Top Slab

10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94

10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94

Side Walls

10 250 4.00 1000 2x2 16.00 0.617 9.87

Bottom Slab

10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94

10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94

24.68 Kgs

or Total wt. per cum. = 99.89 kg/cum

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