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# Drain Design Vijayawada Muncipal Corporaiton

## Refurbishment of Major Storm Water Drains in One Town Area

Design for Drain of Size 2 m x 1.5 m of Box culvert type

1. Data:
2 m x 1.5 m

L
A B A'
2 1
ts

h
4
E H

6 7
D C D'

## Clear Span = L = 2.00 m

Height of vent = 1.50 m

## 4 KN/m2 (Assumed weight of bituminous layer above the drain,having thickness

Dead Load due to floor finishes etc = of 15cm at 24KN/m3 and extra 10%)

As per IRC : 6-2000, Class 'A' loading for 59.5 KN/m2 (The equivalent UDL is calculated considering the dispersion of wheel
having carraige widths more than 5.30m load as per the clause mentioned) load dispersion calculation sheet
and less than 9.60m = 11.4 tonne per Axle enclosed.
Density of soil = 18 KN/m3
Angle of repose = 30 deg
Density of Concrete = 25 kN/m3
Density of Water = 10 kN/m3
Grade of Reinforcement = Fe 415

2. Permissible stresses:
c- 7 N/mm2
t- 150 N/mm2 (water face)
t- 190 N/mm2 (away from water face)
m- 13.333
k- 0.384
j- 0.872
Q- 1.171

## 3. Dimensions of box culvert:

Adopting thickness of slab as 100 mm/meter span, however provide
Thickness = ts = tw = 250 mm
Effective span = 2250 mm

## 2.0x1.5m Box Drain Design 1 Aarvee Associates

Self weight of top slab = 0.25 x 25 = 6.25 KN/m2
Total Load = w = 69.75 KN/m2

## Soil Pressure = p = wh[(1-sinФ)/(1+ sinФ)]

At h = 1.75 m
Ф= 30 deg

p= 18 x 1.75 x 0.33
= 11 KN/m2
w= 18 KN/m3

Uniform lateral pressure due to effect of super imposed dead load and live load surcharge is calculated as

p= ( 59.5 + 4 ) x 0.33
= 21 KN/m2

Uniform lateral pressure due to effect of super imposed dead load surcharge only is

p= 4 x 0.33
= 1.33 KN/m2

## Intensity of water pressure is obtained as

p = wh = 10 x 1.75
= 17.5 KN/m2

## 5. Analysis of Moments, Shears and Thrusts

The maximum design moments resulting from the combination of various loading cases are determined. The moments at the centre
of span of top and bottom slabs and the support sections and at the centre of the vertical walls are determined by suitably

1. When the top slab supports the Dead and Live Loads and the culvert is empty.
2. When the top slab supports the Dead and Live Loads and the culvert is running full.
3. When the sides of the culvert do not carry Live Loads and the culvert is running full.

The slabs of the box culvert drains are designed to reinforced on both faces of the members.

w= 69.75 KN/m2

W= 10.9 KN

w 2w = ###
Case 1 Case 2
udl on the top slab with uniform soil reaction on the weight of side walls assumed to produce
bottom slab. uniform soil action of the bottom slab.

## p= 17.5 KN/m2 p= 11 KN/m2

Case 3 Case 4
Earth pressure on the vertical side walls.
water pressure inside culvert - full with water - pressure
distribution on side walls is assumed triangular.

## Case 5 (a) Case 5 (b)

Uniform Lateral Pressure on vertical side walls are considered due to the effect of dead load and live load surcharge.

Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5a Case 5b
B-1 Moment (M) (KN-m) + 29.31 + 0.52 + 1.68 - 1.01 - 4.50 - 0.28
Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 - 6.58 + 3.95 + 23.81 + 1.50

A-2 Moment (M) (KN-m) + 14.83 + 0.52 + 1.68 - 1.01 - 4.50 - 0.28
Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 - 6.58 + 3.95 - 23.81 - 1.50
Thrust (V) (KN) + 78.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

A-3 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 + 0.52 + 1.68 - 1.01 - 4.50 - 0.28
Shear Force (N) (KN) + 78.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Thrust (V) (KN) 0.00 0.00 + 6.58 - 3.95 - 23.81 - 1.50

E-4 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 - 1.03 - 3.81 - 2.29 + 8.89 + 0.56
Shear Force (N) (KN) + 78.47 + 5.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

D-5 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 - 0.10 + 2.04 - 1.22 - 4.50 - 0.28
Shear Force (N) (KN) + 78.47 + 10.94 - 13.11 + 7.87 0.00 0.00
Thrust (V) (KN) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 + 23.81 + 1.50

D-6 Moment (M) (KN-m) - 14.83 - 2.56 + 2.04 - 1.22 - 4.50 - 0.28
Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 + 23.81 + 1.50
Thrust (V) (KN) - 78.47 - 10.94 - 13.11 + 7.87 0.00 0.00

C-7 Moment (M) (KN-m) + 29.31 + 3.59 + 2.04 - 1.22 - 4.50 - 0.28
Shear Force (N) (KN) 0.00 0.00 - 13.11 + 7.87 + 23.81 + 1.50

## Design Moments and Forces in Box Culvert

cases (KN-m) Force (N)
(KN)
D-6 1 + 2 + 4 + 5(a) -23.11 + 23.81 -81.54
A-2 1 + 2 + 4 + 5(a) - 9.84 -19.87 + 78.47
B-1 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5(b) 30.215 -1.13 0.000
C-7 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5(b) 33.433 -3.74 0.000
E-4 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5(b) -21.40 + 83.94 0.000

6. Design of Reinforcements:

## Section - C - 7 (Mid span of bottom slab)

M= 33.43 KN-m
N= -3.74 KN (Tension)

## Maximum Moment - 33.433 KN - m.

def required - 168.981 mm
Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm
def provided - 250 - 30 -8
= 212 mm
Area of Steel required - 1205.463 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 166.792 mm c/c.

## Minimum reinforcement - 0.3 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= 514.286 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 390.954 mm c/c

## So, provide 16 mm dia bars @ 150.000 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 1340.413 mm2

## Check for Shear at distance "d" :

Maximum Shear - -3.745 KN
Shear at distance "d" - -3.039 KN
ζv - -0.0143 N/mm2
100 As/bd - 100 1340.41
= 0.632
1000 x 212

## The Permissible Shear Stress for M20 is 0.331 N/mm2

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Distribution Reinforcement:
Area of Steel - 0.257
x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= ### mm2

## Spacing of 10 mm dia bars @ 305.432619 mm c/c

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250 mm c/c
Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

## Check for development length at the support

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld
Ast available at support = 1340.4128655 mm2
d= 212 mm
M1 = sst x Ast x j x d
= 37.175340925416 X 106 Nm
V = 3744.75 N
Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall
= ls = 250 mm
Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be
30 mm
Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ
= ( 250 - 30 - 80 ) + 192
2
= 207 mm
Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo
= 37.1753409254 X 106 Nm
+ 207 ###
3744.75
Ld = Φ sst
= 662.5
4 tbd
((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

## ### 662.5 HENCE OK

Therefore provide a development length of 66.25 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.
40 Φ = 640 mm = 64 cms
How ever, provide a min. development of = 66.25 cms

## Section - D - 6 (Support section of Bottom slab)

M= -23.11 KN-m
N= 23.81 KN (Tension)

## Maximum Moment - 23.113 KN - m.

def required - 140.502 mm
Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm
def provided - 250 - 30 -8
= 212 mm
Area of Steel required - 833.379 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 241.261 mm c/c.

## Minimum reinforcement - 0.3 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= 514.286 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 390.954 mm c/c

## So, provide 16 mm dia bars @ 230.000 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 874.182 mm2

## Check for Shear at distance "d" :

Maximum Shear - 23.813 KN
Shear at distance "d" - 19.325 KN
ζv - 0.0912 N/mm2
100 As/bd - 100 874.18
= 0.412
1000 x 212

## The Permissible Shear Stress for M20 is 0.282 N/mm2

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Distribution Reinforcement:
Area of Steel - 0.257
x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= 514.28571 mm2

## Spacing of 10 mm dia bars @ 305.432619 mm c/c

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250 mm c/c
Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

## Check for development length at the support

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld
Ast available at support = 874.18230361 mm2
d= 212 mm
M1 = sst x Ast x j x d
= 24.2447875600539 X 106 Nm
V = 23812.5 N
Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall
= ls = 250 mm
Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be
30 mm
Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ
= ( 250 - 30 - 80 ) + 192
2
= 207 mm
Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo
= 24.2447875601 X 106 Nm
+ 207 ###
23812.5
Ld = Φ sst
= 662.5
4 tbd
((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

## ### 662.5 HENCE OK

Therefore provide a development length of 66.25 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.
40 Φ = 640 mm = 64 cms
How ever, provide a min. development of = 66.25 cms

## Section - E - 4 (Vertical side walls)

M= -21.40 KN-m
N= 83.94 KN (Tension)

## Referring to Interaction curves of SP-16, we have

From Chart No. 32, pg No. 117.
(p/fck) = 0.02 for fy=415 & (d'/d)= 0.120 or 0.15

## Asc = Ast = 0.5xpbd/100

500 sqmm
Ast = 2x 500 sqmm = 1000 sqmm

## But minimum reinforcement of 0.80%of cross section has to be provided .

As= (0.80x 250 x1000)100 = 2000 sqmm

## Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 201.062 mm c/c

Or say 150.000 mm c/c
on both faces in the Vertical side Wall
Distribution Steel of 10 mm dia bars @ 250.00 mm c/c
on both faces in the Vertical side Wall

## Section - B - 1 (Mid span of Top slab)

M= 30.21 KN-m
N= -1.13 KN (Tension)
Maximum Moment - 30.215 KN - m.
def required - 160.643 mm
Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm
def provided - 250 - 30 -8
= 212 mm
Area of Steel required - 1089.436 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 184.556 mm c/c.

## Minimum reinforcement - 0.3 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= 514.286 mm2
Provide 16 mm dia bars @ 390.954 mm c/c

## So, provide 16 mm dia bars @ 170.000 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 1182.717 mm2

## Check for Shear at distance "d" :

Maximum Shear - -1.130 KN
Shear at distance "d" - -0.917 KN
ζv - -0.0043 N/mm2
100 As/bd - 100 1182.72
= 0.558
1000 x 212

## The Permissible Shear Stress for M20 is 0.319 N/mm2

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

## 2.0x1.5m Box Drain Design 7 Aarvee Associates

Distribution Reinforcement:
Area of Steel - 0.257
x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= ### mm2

## Spacing of 10 mm dia bars @ 305.43 mm c/c

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250.00 mm c/c
Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

## Check for development length at the support

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld
Ast available at support = 1182.7172343 mm2
d= 212 mm
M1 = sst x Ast x j x d
= 32.8017714047788 X 106 Nm
V = 1130.25 N
Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall
= ls = 250 mm
Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be
30 mm
Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ
= ( 250 - 30 - 80 ) + 192
2
= 207 mm
Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo
= 32.8017714048 X 106 Nm
+ 207 ###
1130.25
Ld = Φ sst
= 662.5
4 tbd
((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

## ### 662.5 HENCE OK

Therefore provide a development length of 66.25 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.
40 Φ = 640 mm = 64 cms
How ever, provide a min. development of = 66.25 cms

## Section - A - 2 (Support section of Top slab)

M= 9.84 KN-m
N= -19.87 KN (Tension)
Maximum Moment - 9.837 KN - m.
def required - 91.660 mm
Provide Overall depth of 250 mm mm
def provided - 250 - 30 -6
= 214 mm
Area of Steel required - 351.368 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia bars @ 321.877 mm c/c.

## Minimum reinforcement - 0.3 % of Concrete section upto 100 mm thick

linearly varying from 0.3 % to 0.2 % from 100 mm to 450 mm thick
= 0.257 x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= 514.286 mm2
Provide 12 mm dia bars @ 219.911 mm c/c

## So, provide 12 mm dia bars @ 200.000 mm c/c

Ast Provided - 565.487 mm 2

## Check for Shear at distance "d" :

Maximum Shear - -19.867 KN
Shear at distance "d" - -16.088 KN
ζv - -0.0752 N/mm2
100 As/bd - 100 565.49
= 0.264
1000 x 214

## The Permissible Shear Stress for M20 is 0.272 N/mm2

NO NEED OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Distribution Reinforcement:
Area of Steel - 0.257
x 250 x 1000 x 0.8
100
= ### mm2

## Spacing of 10 mm dia bars @ 305.43 mm c/c

Provide 10 mm dia bars @ 250.000 mm c/c
Ast Provided - 314.15927 mm2

## Check for development length at the support

As per code = (M1/V)+Lo >=Ld
Ast available at support = 565.48667765 mm2
d= 214 mm
M1 = sst x Ast x j x d
= 15.8313030562392 X 106 Nm
V = 19867.125 N
Let the width of support or bearing of slab on supporting wall
= ls = 250 mm
Let the bar to provided with a standard right angle hook at ends and let the clear end cover for the main reinforcement be
30 mm
Lo = ((ls/2)-c'-(4+1)Φ)+12Φ
= ( 250 - 30 - 60 ) + 144
2
= 179 mm
Therefore, (M1/V)+Lo
= 15.8313030562 X 106 Nm
+ 179 ###
19867.125
Ld = Φ sst
= 668.75
4 tbd
((M 1/V)+Lo) > = Ld

## ### 668.75 HENCE OK

Therefore provide a development length of 66.875 cms for each main steel rod on both ends.
40 Φ = 480 mm = 48 cms
How ever, provide a min. development
of = 66.875 cms

## 2.0x1.5m Box Drain Design 9 Aarvee Associates

The final moments are arrived for the combination of all possible cases considered
30.215

9.837 9.837

A B A'

-21.399 E -21.399

D C D'

-23.113 -23.113

33.433

## Final Shear Force:

The final Shear Forces are arrived for the combination of all possible cases considered

-1.130
83.938
83.938 A B
-1.130

23.813
D C
83.938 83.938
23.813

## Refurbishment of Major Storm Water Drains in One Town Area

BAR BENDING SCHEDULE OF BOX TYPE DRAIN OF SIZE -- 2.00 m x 1.50 m

## 12 mm dia bar @ 200 mm c/c - Main Steel

2500 10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel
250 250

## 16 mm dia bar @ 170 mm c/c - Main Steel

e 10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel
250

MWL
16 mm dia bar @ 150 mm c/c - Main Steel - both faces
10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution on both faces

c c

## 16 mm dia bar @ 230 mm c/c - Main Steel

10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel

b
250

## 16 mm dia bar @ 150 mm c/c - Main Steel

10 mm dia bar @ 250 mm c/c – Distribution steel

## BBS 11 Aarvee Associates

Dia of Spacing No of
S.No Bar Shape of the Bar Provided Bars Length in m Total Length Wt/Kg Total Weight
1 16 mm 490 mm 150 mm 67 3.300 221.100 1.580 349.338

-60
-60

a
2440

150 mm
b

c
-60

150 mm

c
-60

150 mm

## 4 12 mm 150 mm 200 mm 50 2.740 137.000 0.920 126.040

d
2440

2440
5 16 mm 150 mm 170 mm 59 2.740 161.660 1.580 255.423
e
For Distribution Reinforcement
6 10 mm 4.00 For Walls (C,C) 250 mm 11 10.000 440.000 0.620 272.800
7 10 mm 2.00 For Slab (a,e) 250 mm 10 10.000 200.000 0.620 124.000
8 10 mm 1.00 For Slab (b) 250 mm -1 10.000 -10.000 0.620 -6.200
9 10 mm 1.00 For Slab (e) 250 mm 10 10.000 100.000 0.620 62.000
Total Steel required 1424.70 Kg/m
Volume of Concrete 22.50 cum
Steel in Kg/Cum 63.32 Kg/cum Say 132

## BBS 12 Aarvee Associates

Drain Design Corporation of Chennai

Section 1 2 3 4 5 6

Factors for

## Moment (M) WL wL2 WL pL2 pL2 pL2

Shear (N) W wL W pL pL pL

Thrust (V) W wL W pL pL pL

## N 0 0 0 - 0.167 + 0.167 - 0.5

V + 0.5 + 0.5 0 0 0 0

## A3 M - 0.068 - 0.042 + 0.021 + 0.019 - 0.019 - 0.042

N + 0.5 + 0.5 0 0 0 0

## N + 0.5 + 0.5 + 1 - 0.333 + 0.333 0

V 0 0 0 0 0 + 0.5

## D6 M - 0.036 - 0.042 - 0.104 + 0.023 - 0.023 - 0.042

N 0 0 0 0 0 + 0.5

## cooefficients table 13 Aarvee Associates

Drain Design Corporation of Chennai

Steel Calculation for Drain of Size of 2 m x 1.5 m of Box culvert type - for Feeder & Main Drains

Main Reinforcement
both sides
No. of bars on both Total Length Total wt. in
Diameter spacing per m run Length faces in m wt/m Kgs
Top Slab
16 170 5.88 2500 2 29.41 1.58 46.47
12 200 5.00 2500 2 25.00 0.92 23.00
Side Walls
16 150 5.88 0 2x2 0.00 1.58 0.00
Bottom Slab
16 230 5.88 2500 2 29.41 1.58 46.47
16 150 5.88 2500 2 29.41 1.58 46.47
Add for development lengths for top steel 11.00 662.5 2 14.58 1.58 23.03
Add for development lengths for bottom steel 12.00 662.5 2 15.90 0.92 14.63
###

Distribution Reinforcement
both sides
No. of bars on both Total Length Total wt. in
Diameter spacing per m run Length faces in m wt/m Kgs
Top Slab
10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94
10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94
Side Walls
10 250 4.00 1000 2x2 16.00 0.617 9.87
Bottom Slab
10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94
10 250 4.00 1000 2 8.00 0.617 4.94
24.68 Kgs

## Total wt. per metre length = ###

or Total wt. per cum. = 99.89 kg/cum