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You are on page 1of 42

Example 12.3

(x1,y1)

y1 8m

Fsum

F1

F2 8m

(0,0)

m x1

Clicker Question

The mass of the Moon is 1/81 of the mass of the Earth.

Compared to the gravitational force that the Earth exerts

on the Moon, the gravitational force that the Moon exerts

on the Earth is

B. 81 times greater.

C. equally strong.

D. 1/81 as great.

E. (1/81)2 = 1/6561 as great.

Clicker Question

The mass of the Moon is 1/81 of the mass of the Earth.

Compared to the gravitational force that the Earth exerts

on the Moon, the gravitational force that the Moon exerts

on the Earth is

B. 81 times greater.

C. equally strong.

D. 1/81 as great.

E. (1/81)2 = 1/6561 as great.

Figure 12.14

Figure 12.15

Clicker Question

The planet Saturn has 100 times the mass of the Earth and is

10 times more distant from the Sun than the Earth is.

Compared to the Earth’s acceleration as it orbits the Sun,

the acceleration of Saturn as it orbits the Sun is

B. 10 times greater.

C. the same.

D. 1/10 as great.

E. 1/100 as great.

Clicker Question

The planet Saturn has 100 times the mass of the Earth and is

10 times more distant from the Sun than the Earth is.

Compared to the Earth’s acceleration as it orbits the Sun,

the acceleration of Saturn as it orbits the Sun is

B. 10 times greater.

C. the same.

D. 1/10 as great.

E. 1/100 as great.

Clicker Question

twice the radius. This means that compared to the Earth’s

surface gravity, the surface gravity on Planet X is

A. 4 times as much.

B. twice as much.

C. the same.

D. 1/2 as much.

E. 1/4 as much.

Clicker Question

twice the radius. This means that compared to the Earth’s

surface gravity, the surface gravity on Planet X is

A. 4 times as much.

B. twice as much.

C. the same.

D. 1/2 as much.

E. 1/4 as much.

Clicker Question

twice the radius. This means that compared to the amount

of energy required to move an object from the Earth’s

surface to infinity, the amount of energy required to move

that same object from Planet X’s surface to infinity is

A. 4 times as much.

B. twice as much.

C. the same.

D. 1/2 as much.

E. 1/4 as much.

Clicker Question

twice the radius. This means that compared to the amount

of energy required to move an object from the Earth’s

surface to infinity, the amount of energy required to move

that same object from Planet X’s surface to infinity is

A. 4 times as much.

B. twice as much.

C. the same.

D. 1/2 as much.

E. 1/4 as much.

Clicker Question

A satellite is moving around the Earth in a circular orbit.

Over the course of an orbit, the Earth’s gravitational force

B. does negative work on the satellite.

C. does positive work on the satellite during part of the orbit

and negative work on the satellite during the other part.

D. does zero work on the satellite at all points in the orbit.

Clicker Question

A satellite is moving around the Earth in a circular orbit.

Over the course of an orbit, the Earth’s gravitational force

B. does negative work on the satellite.

C. does positive work on the satellite during part of the orbit

and negative work on the satellite during the other part.

D. does zero work on the satellite at all points in the orbit.

Clicker Question

because...

anything.

B. space is a vacuum and there is no gravity in a vacuum.

C. space is a vacuum and there is no air resistance in a

vacuum.

D. the astronauts are far from Earth's surface at a

location where gravitation has a minimal affect.

E. There are no surface normal forces

Clicker Question

because...

anything.

B. space is a vacuum and there is no gravity in a vacuum.

C. space is a vacuum and there is no air resistance in a

vacuum.

D. the astronauts are far from Earth's surface at a

location where gravitation has a minimal affect.

E. There are no surface normal forces

Clicker Question

A planet (P) is moving around the Sun

(S) in an elliptical orbit. As the planet

moves from aphelion to perihelion,

the Sun’s gravitational force

B. does negative work on the planet.

C. does positive work on the planet

during part of the motion and

negative work during the other part.

D. does zero work on the planet at

all points between aphelion and

perihelion.

Clicker Question

A planet (P) is moving around the Sun

(S) in an elliptical orbit. As the planet

moves from aphelion to perihelion,

the Sun’s gravitational force

B. does negative work on the planet.

C. does positive work on the planet

during part of the motion and

negative work during the other part.

D. does zero work on the planet at

all points between aphelion and

perihelion.

Clicker Question

A planet (P) is moving around the

Sun (S) in an elliptical orbit. As the

planet moves from aphelion to

perihelion, the planet’s angular

momentum

motion and decreases during the

rest of the motion.

B. increases at all times.

C. decreases at all times.

D. remains the same at all times.

Clicker Question

A planet (P) is moving around the

Sun (S) in an elliptical orbit. As the

planet moves from aphelion to

perihelion, the planet’s angular

momentum

motion and decreases during the

rest of the motion.

B. increases at all times.

C. decreases at all times.

D. remains the same at all times.

Clicker Question

Star X has twice the mass of the Sun. One of Star X’s

planets has the same mass as the Earth, and orbits Star X

at the same distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun.

The orbital speed of this planet of Star X is

B. the same as the Earth’s orbital speed.

C. slower than the Earth’s orbital speed.

D. not enough information given to decide

Clicker Question

Star X has twice the mass of the Sun. One of Star X’s

planets has the same mass as the Earth, and orbits Star X

at the same distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun.

The orbital speed of this planet of Star X is

B. the same as the Earth’s orbital speed.

C. slower than the Earth’s orbital speed.

D. not enough information given to decide

Clicker Question

Suppose the Sun were to shrink to half of its

present radius while maintaining the same mass.

What effect would this have on the Earth’s orbit?

the orbital period would decrease.

B. The size of the orbit would increase and

the orbital period would increase.

C. The size of the orbit and the orbital

period would remain unchanged.

D. none of these

Clicker Question

Suppose the Sun were to shrink to half of its

present radius while maintaining the same mass.

What effect would this have on the Earth’s orbit?

the orbital period would decrease.

B. The size of the orbit would increase and

the orbital period would increase.

C. The size of the orbit and the orbital

period would remain unchanged.

D. none of these

Clicker Question

An object on the end of a spring is oscillating in simple harmonic

motion. If the amplitude of oscillation is doubled, how does this

affect the oscillation period T and the object’s maximum speed vmax?

B. T remains the same and vmax doubles.

C. T and vmax both remain the same.

D. T doubles and vmax remains the same.

E. T remains the same and vmax increases by a factor of .

Clicker Question

An object on the end of a spring is oscillating in simple harmonic

motion. If the amplitude of oscillation is doubled, how does this

affect the oscillation period T and the object’s maximum speed vmax?

B. T remains the same and vmax doubles.

C. T and vmax both remain the same.

D. T doubles and vmax remains the same.

E. T remains the same and vmax increases by a factor of .

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative velocity vx?

A. t = T/4

B. t = T/2

C. t = 3T/4

D. t = T

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative velocity vx?

A. t = T/4

B. t = T/2

C. t = 3T/4

D. t = T

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative acceleration ax?

A. t = T/4

B. t = T/2

C. t = 3T/4

D. t = T

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative acceleration ax?

A. t = T/4

B. t = T/2

C. t = 3T/4

D. t = T

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative displacement x?

A. t = 0.10 s

B. t = 0.15 s

C. t = 0.20 s

D. t = 0.25 s

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative displacement x?

A. t = 0.10 s

B. t = 0.15 s

C. t = 0.20 s

D. t = 0.25 s

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative velocity vx?

A. t = 0.10 s

B. t = 0.15 s

C. t = 0.20 s

D. t = 0.25 s

Clicker Question

for an object in simple

harmonic motion.

At which of the following times does the object have the most

negative velocity vx?

A. t = 0.10 s

B. t = 0.15 s

C. t = 0.20 s

D. t = 0.25 s

Clicker Question

for an object

connected to a spring

and moving in simple

harmonic motion.

energy of the spring the greatest?

A. t = T/8

B. t = T/4

C. t = 3T/8

D. t = T/2

E. more than one of the above

Clicker Question

for an object

connected to a spring

and moving in simple

harmonic motion.

energy of the spring the greatest?

A. t = T/8

B. t = T/4

C. t = 3T/8

D. t = T/2

E. more than one of the above

Clicker Question

for an object

connected to a spring

and moving in simple

harmonic motion.

of the object the greatest?

A. t = T/8

B. t = T/4

C. t = 3T/8

D. t = T/2

E. more than one of the above

Clicker Question

for an object

connected to a spring

and moving in simple

harmonic motion.

of the object the greatest?

A. t = T/8

B. t = T/4

C. t = 3T/8

D. t = T/2

E. more than one of the above

Clicker Question

oscillating in simple harmonic motion, the

amplitude must increase by a factor of

A. 4.

B.

C. 2.

D.

E.

Clicker Question

oscillating in simple harmonic motion, the

amplitude must increase by a factor of

A. 4.

B.

C. 2.

D.

E.

Clicker Question

A simple pendulum consists of a point mass

suspended by a massless, unstretchable string.

If the mass is doubled while the length of the string

remains the same, the period of the pendulum

B. becomes twice as great.

C. becomes greater by a factor of .

D. remains unchanged.

E. decreases.

Clicker Question

A simple pendulum consists of a point mass

suspended by a massless, unstretchable string.

If the mass is doubled while the length of the string

remains the same, the period of the pendulum

B. becomes twice as great.

C. becomes greater by a factor of .

D. remains unchanged.

E. decreases.

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