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Automatic Transmit Power Control

(ATPC)

What is ATPC • What is ATPC: Automatic transmit power Control or Adaptive transmit power control •DTPC: Dynamic Transmit Power Control • MTPC: Manual Transmit Power control • ATPC:Is a feature of digital MW radio . Holds RSL with in 5dB (hysteresis).which increases near end station Transmit power when far end station RSL goes below pre defined/set Threshold either due to rain or due to other fades • It is a closed loop feature. Hysteresis -55 dBm RSL -60 dBm Rx Threshold level • Example: If Rx threshold is set to -60 dBm no output control is made unless RSL goes below -60 dBm or goes above -55 dBm. of reference/set level • Exponentially closes the gap for fast response • Up to 30dB dynamic range. so that RSL is maintained between -60 to -55 dBm . Tx Power adjustment in steps of 1dB 5 dB.

ATPC: How it works ATPC TX Max Tx Out Station A ATPC TX Min Deep Shallow Hysteresis 5dB Fixed -55dBm RSL Rx Threshold (-60dBm) Station B Deep Shallow .

ATPC will start increasing the Tx Power up to Tx Max in 1 dB steps until RSL at the opposite site to be over the reference level ATPC will maintain the RSL with in 5 dB over reference level ATPC control transmits the information on the RSL to the opposite station and controls the Tx level of its own station in accordance with the RSL o0f the opposite station .=Nominal –(0-30 dB) Tx Min.ATPC Settings Tx IDU ODU Site A Tx Max Tx Min Ref • • • • • • • • • • Rx Rx Tx IDU ODU Site B Tx Max Tx Min Ref Tx Max.(0-30dB) ATPC Rx Threshold (reference)= -30 to -70 dBm ATPC will start with Tx Min Power When RSL at the opposite site goes below the reference level.= Nominal.

ATPC settings for PDH link Fade margin =40dB( for regions point rain fall rate=120mm/Hr) RSL Min=(-82+40) -42dBm ATPC range= 30dB ATPC RSL reference setting= -72 dBm Minimum reference level setting to be 5dB more than the threshold ie -77dBm ATPC settings for SDH link Fade margin =36 dB( for regions point rain fall rate=120mm/Hr) RSL Min=(-68+36) -32dBm ATPC range= 20dB ATPC RSL reference setting= -52 dBm Minimum reference level setting to be 5dB more than the threshold ie -63 dBm . 4. 3. 5. • 1.ATPC Settings Tx IDU ODU Site A Rx Rx Tx IDU ODU Site B • 1. 3. 5. 2. 4. 2.

. . designed for high rain fades • Facilitates usage of larger Antenna sizes for short haul links ( Metro links) with out overloading the receiver front ends • Facilitates reduction of interference levels at Hub locations and in to adjacent links in a frequency congested area. • Improved outage performance due to the reduced influence of adjacent channel • Reduced transmit power during clear sky conditions. providing a spectrum efficiency •Facilitates mitigation of rain fades( above 10 Ghz) •Prevents receiver front end over load in high frequency links( Metro links. meaning that the interference resulting from the ATPC link is correspondingly lower. compared to non ATPC links •Facilitates operation of co channel links with acute branching angles •Improves the frequency reuse factor associated with a given band and geographic area.•Advantages of ATPC •Reduced average Power consumption • Eliminates of Up fade • Extended MTBF • Limits transmit power to that required to maintain a constant bit error rate (BER)regardless of the propagation conditions. Greater than 10 Ghz).

When to use ATPC and when to Use MTPC? 9. Otherwise. This situation negates the purpose of ATPC 1. What is the most efficient way of maximizing the increase in usage of co channel frequency spots through the usage of ATPC ? 6.? 5. As the distance increases rain field spatial autocorrelation function falls off approximately exponentially. Interfering signals are not attenuated in similar proportion to wanted signals. During rain events. By employing ATPC does the co-ordination distance for neighboring links subjected to excessive be reduced with out compromising the quality of service . Introduction of ATPC may give rise to a number of additional outages in the presence of intense rain (~10% increase for a frontal rain event). consequently ATPC enabled links may result in increased levels of interference. a situation may arise where two ATPC systems repeatedly increase their Tx power in response to each other’s interference until both are transmitting at their maximum Tx power. Judicious adjustment of W/U ratio may be an appropriate technique for reduction of outages due to ATPC 11. Over what geographical area can rain fading be considered to be correlated? Which will have an impact on the worst-case scenarios for the use of all-ATPC and mixed deployments. 2. what would be effect of ATPC ? Does it increase or decrease Interference to neighboring stations? 4.? 7. 8.Important aspects to be understood on ATPC During rain spatio-temporal distribution of rain fields are not uniform and not correlated.?. ATPC may be more appropriate for combating temporary fading of wanted link rather than interference from the unwanted link(s)?. 10. ATPC to be used to combat temporary fading of the wanted link rather than interference from the unwanted link(s). 3. .

which is well with in the Dynamic/Compensating range (30dB) of PDH radio Hence resultant/overall RSL is maintained at ATPC set level= -72 dBm Case 2: Deep fade=40 dB.ATPC: How it works Case1 -42 dBm 20dB fade Case2 RSL(Nom) +27dBm (Tx Power Max) +17dBm -3 dBm.ATPC set Station A -62 dBm -72 dBm -82 dBm ATPC setting Rx Threshold (-82dBm) -TX Power Deep -42dBM RSL(Nom) Resultant RSL = ATPC set RSL +27dBm (Tx Power Max) -3 dBm.ATPC set -TX Power 40dB fade ATPC setting Rx Threshold (-82dBm) Resultant RSL = ATPC set RSL -82dBm Station B Station A Station B Case 1: Deep fade=20 dB. which is beyond Dynamic/Compensating range (30dB) of PDH radio Hence resultant/overall RSL is 10 dB below the ATPC set level= -82 dBm RSL .

High Tx level of ODU2(site B) interfere with ODU1(siteA) of Link 2 • Link2:Consequent to this RSL of Link2 of ODU1(SiteA) reduces.Similary with ODU1 of Link1 • This process continue until both sites are transmitting to their maximum Tx power.Tx Power at ODU2 (SiteC) increases. • It is noticed that in few geographies ATPC has resulted in 10% additional outages during rain SiteE ATPC SiteA Site A ATPC Adjacent Channel Operation • Impact is same as co channel links.High TX level of ODU2(SiteC) of Link 2 interfere with ODU1(SiteA) of Link3.Impact of ATPC during rain(co channel operation) Co Channel Operation • In the below NW ATPC is enabled for all the 4 Links • Link1: Is subjected to rain fade.Tx power of ODU2(siteB) increses.RSL ofODU1reduces. • However adjacent frequency spot links may not be subjected to similar additional Outages during rain like co channel links in ATPC enabled links SiteA ATPC ODU1 LInk1 ATPC Rain SiteB ODU2 ATPCTX level High SiteA ATPC ATPC ATPC SiteD SiteC TX level Low .

Link2 are acute angle co channel links due to low branching angle(<40 degrees) ODU1 ‘s mounted at Site A Link1 and Link2 are victim ODU’s and ODU2 of Site B.ODU2’s to be retained in ATPC mode SiteE ATPC SiteA Site A ATPC • • Adjacent Channel Operation ATPC to be enabled at both sites SiteA ATPC ODU1 LInk1 MTPC Rain SiteB ODU2 ATPCTX level High SiteA MTPC ATPC ATPC SiteD SiteC TX level Low .ODU2 of Site C are interfering sites Change ATPC to MTPC for both the ODU1’s of Link1& Link2.Mitigation of ATPC induced outages during rain(co channel operation) • • • • Acute angle Links In the below NW Link1.

Waluj -Chitegaon Link: RSL log Before ATPC enabling Before Enabling ATPC.RSL of Both main & diversity Paths were Subjected to Interference/ Multipath And RSL was varying from • Walj-Chitegaon:2 4 Kms 6 GHz SD Link •1) Blue Chart.RSL Log-Diversity path Soc Classification level 11 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date -30dBm to -65 dBm.RSL Log-Main path. 2) Red Chart.After Enabling ATPC RSL of both main and Diversity paths Maintained at -33 to -38( Main) & at -35 To -40 dBM (SD) paths .

-SL Log-Main path 2) Red Chart .Waluj-Chitegaon Link: RSL log After ATPC enabling • Walj-Chitegaon: 1)Blue Chart.RSL Log-Diversity path • After enabling ATPC RSL is maintained with in 5dB Soc Classification level 12 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

Pingli Link RSL & TX Logs after ATPC Chart 1: • Paithan site Tx & RX Logs after enabling AT PC • Before enabling ATPC RSL of Paithan & Pingli link was varying from -40 dBm to -60 dBm.Paithan . •After enabling ATPC RSL held constant between -40 t0 -50 dBm •Blue chart indicates the RSL variation •Pink Chart indicates TX variation to compensate RSL variation Chart 2: • Pingli site Tx & RX Logs after enabling AT PC •RSL variation •Pink Chart indicates TX variation to compensate RSL variation Soc Classification level 13 © Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date .

Conclusions & recommendations 1. 6. 5. 4. 2. ATPC to be used to combat temporary fading of the wanted link rather than interference from the unwanted link(s) Judicious decision to be made during planning for enabling ATPC for co channel acute branching angle links MTPC to be enabled for the acute branching angle links emanating from a common/hub site and ATPC to be enabled at the distant end Since the spacial temporal distribution of rain field are not uniform and difficult correlate additional outages due to ATPC enabled links during rain it is recommended that ATPC be enabled for all the links ATPC to be enabled for all hops irrespective of their hop length ATPC to be enable for all the links falling in the service providing geographical area. . 3.

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