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-≤Ú-´’-¢√®Ωç 2 -ï-†-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

- Aditya Sarma, Hyderabad. ★ Description is telling what somebody or something is


like. Eg: After returning from Kashmir, he gave us a
Q: Sir, please give differences between the following
description of the beauty of the place.
a) Film and Movie b) Start and Begin
e) A story is telling or describing a series of connected
c) End and Finish d) Narration and Description events, usually imagined and sometimes true.
e) Story, Essay and Review Eg: Every movie has a story.
f) Finish and Complete g) Listen and Hear ★ An essay is a piece of writing, in which the author
A: a) Film and movie are more or less the same. However, expresses their views on some topic.
film is the celluloid strip on which a movie is shot. ★ A review is pointing out the merits and defects of a 922
b) Start = Begin piece of writing, a movie, a drama, etc.
c) To end something is to finish something. They both f) Finish = Complete.
mean the same. However, finish has the other meaning g) 'Hear' is what reaches your ears, whether you try to O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
of giving polish and an attractive appearance to an hear or not. As you walk along the street, you hear the -≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
object made of wood. The table has an attractive finish. noise of traffic. You don't pay attention to them. Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
d) Narration is telling something, usually a story. Eg: You hear the noises on the street. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
Sometimes it refers to reporting in detail something ★ Listen is what you try to hear. Eg: You listen to the
that has happened. teacher in the class. Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- M. Suresan
Writer

I had had a bike before..


- K. Murali, B. Ashok
- Bollempalli Sarada, Navuduru - K. Haritha Devi, K. Harish. - Purushotham Voddhe, Maldives.
Q: Sir, please explain the difference between Q: Sir, please explain meanings of the words. Q: Sir, please explain the following phrases
Q: Sir, please let me know which of the sen-
"I" and "I am" ,"you" and "your" and when
tences is correct? 1) Underbelly 2) Attitude with examples in Telugu.
to use it?
1) Please grant me leave for one and a half 3) Character 4) Umbrage 1) Pros and Cons 2) One and the same
A: I = ؈’. days.
(OR) A: 1) The soft underside portion of the stom- A: 1) The advantages and disadvantages of a
Eg: I go there every day (؈’ ®ÓW Åéπ\-úÕéÀ
2) Please grant me leave for one and half ach of an animal (ïçûª’´¤ §Òôd éÀçü¿ ÖçúË situation.
¢Á∞«h†’). Eg: Before you start doing it, think careful-
★ I am = ؈’ ÖØ√o†’. days. ¢Á’ûªh-ØÁj† ¶μ«í∫ç).
A: Please grant me leave for one and a half 2) The way you understand, think of some- ly of the pros and cons of it. (DEo îËÊÆ-
Eg: I am at home (؈’ Éçöx ÖØ√o†’). thing and the way you behave towards
days / Please grant me leave for a day and a
★ You = †’´¤y/ O’®Ω’.
´·çü¿’, üΔE ´©x ´îËa ´’ç* îÁúø’© í∫’Jç*
half - Correct somebody. ñ«ví∫-ûªhí¬ Ç™-*ç).
Eg: You are a student (†’´¤y/ O’®Ω’ NüΔuJn/ Q: Sir, please explain First and Foremost. 3) The combination of all the qualities of a per- 2) Exactly the same person or thing.
NüΔu-®Ω’n©’). A: Most important. The first and foremost son (äéπ ´uéÀh Q©ç – ÅûªE/ Ç¢Á’ í∫’ù«© éπ©®- ·éπ). Eg: The person I am talking about, and the
★ Your = F/ O’. thing when we start a business is the money 4) Feel disturbed or angry because someone person who you are referring to, are one
Eg: This is your book (ÉC F/ O’ °æ¤Ææhéπç). for investment. has not given you proper respect. and the same.

- Ashok - M. Veena
A: 'Faculty' is only in colleges. The correct Q: Sir, I am afraid of using the word 'being'.
sentence is: I am on the English faculty / I Please elaborate the usage of 'being' with
am a member of the English faculty / I am examples.
a member of the faculty of English. A: Being = i) Öçúøôç.
★ 'I am English faculty' - Wrong, because fac- Eg: He did not like my being there. (؈-
ulty means a group of departments of a éπ\úø Öçúøôç Åûª-EéÀ É≠ædç ™‰éπ-§Ú-®·çC).
subject (British)/ a group of lecturers ii) ´©x.
Q: Sir, I am English faculty - is this correct? teaching a particular subject (American). Eg: The day being hot (Ç ®ÓV áçúø áèπ◊\-´í¬ Öçúøôç ´©x), I did not go out.

- Harsha - S. Sivanagi Reddy, Shik Sana.


Q: Sir, can you explain the difference among
the usages of the following in detail.
Vocabulary Q: Sir, please translate the following sen-
tences into Telugu.
i) Have + Had 1) Gods must be crazy.
1. Digest (Pron: 'daijest') = i) Assimilate (@®Ωgç
ii) Has + Had îËÆæ’-éÓ-´úøç). 2) It's my privilege.
iii) Had + Have Eg: I cannot digest fatty substances easily. 3) It's time we started work hard.
iv) Had + Had ii) To understand the material that you 4) It's time you came home.
A: i) Have had (used with I / we / you / they) read or hear (Å®Ωnç îËÆæ’éÓ-í∫-©-í∫úøç/ ûªô’d-éÓ-í∫- 4. Notorious = Infamous (îÁúø’èπ◊ Ê°®Ω’-§Òç-C†). A: 1) üË´-ûª©’ °œ*a-¢√-∞¡x®· Öçú≈L.
- Somebody Having something, till now ©-í∫úøç). Eg: That area in the city is notorious for 2) ÅC Ø√ v°æûËuéπ £æ«èπ◊\/ ≤˘éπ®Ωuç/ Å´-鬨¡ç.
or even now. Eg: He was unable to digest the news of group fights (´·®∏√ ûªí¬-üΔ-©èπ◊ Ç v§ƒçûªç 3) It's time we started work hard - Wrong.
Eg: I have had this car for the past three his son's failure. °öÀdçC Ê°®Ω’). The correct sentence is: It's time we
years / for three years so far. iii) A summary of a piece of writing (äéπ Notorious × Reputable / famous (´’ç* started working hard = ´’†ç éπ≠d-° æ æúÕ °æE-îË-
ii) Has had (used with he / she / it) - The ®ΩîªØ√ Ææçví∫£æ«ç). Ê°®Ω’†o/ v°æÆœ-Cl¥-Èé-éÀ\†) ߪ÷-Lq† Æ洒ߪ’ç á°æ¤púÓ ´îËa-ÆœçC/ Éçûªèπ◊
same meaning as above. Eg: The Reader's Digest. 5. Hand in glove = Working in close associ- ´·çüË ´’†ç éπ≠d-°æ æ-úøôç v§ƒ®Ωç-Gμç-î√-LqçC.
Eg: My friend has had this bike for the past Digest × Elaboration (N°æ¤-M-éπ-®Ωù/ N´-Jç- ation / colluding (Éü¿l®Ω÷ Åçûª-éπçõ‰ áèπ◊\´ 4) †’´¤y ÉçöÀéÀ ®√¢√-Lq† Æ洒ߪ’ç á°æ¤púÓ
four years. îªúøç) ´’çC ´uèπ◊h©’ èπ◊´’tÈéj \ ØË®Ωç îËߪ’úøç). ´îËaÆœçC.
iii) Had have - No such expression in 2. Expedite = Speed up (¢Ëí∫-´çûªç îËߪ’úøç) Eg: The brothers acted hand in glove in Q: Sir, please explain the sentences.
English - it is meaningless. Eg: The government is trying to expedite cheating their sister of her property (Ç 1) My uncle has gone to New York 5 time.
iv) Had had = Somebody having something the work on the dam. ņo-ü¿-´·t©’ èπ◊´’tÈéj \, ¢√∞¡x îÁ™„xL ÇÆœhE 2) My uncle has been to New York 5 times.
in the past, before / till they had some- Expedite × Delay (Ç©Ææuç îËߪ’úøç) é¬ñ‰-¨»®Ω’.) 3) My uncle went to New York 5 times.
thing else. 3. Likeness = Resemblance / similarity Hand in glove × Severally (NúÕ-N-úÕí¬ äéπ-JûÓ A: 1) My uncle has gone to New York five
Eg: I had had a bike before I bought this (§ÚLéπ– DEéÀ Like éÀ ûËú≈ ÖçC. Like = É≠æd- äéπJéÀ Ææç•çüμ¿ç ™‰èπ◊çú≈) times - Wrong.
car = I bought a car sometime ago. °æúø’. Liking = ÅGμ-´÷†ç). Eg: Those who committed the theft of the The Correct form - My uncle had been to
Before buying the car, I had a bike. Eg: Though they are twins, there is no huge amount acted severally without any NY five times.
likeness in their appearance. of them colluding with the others. (¢√∞¡Ÿx 2) Correct.
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. Likeness × Unlikeness / dissimilarity äéπ-JûÓ äéπ-JéÀ Ææç•çüμ¿ç ™‰èπ◊çú≈ Ç Â°ü¿l- 3) My uncle went to New York 5 times -
www.eenadupratibha.net (§ÚLé𠙉éπ-§Ú-´úøç) ¢Á·û√hEo é¬ñ‰-¨»®Ω’). Wrong.
-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 8 -ï-†-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Vocabulary
4. Impostor = One who falsely claims to be someone
else (ûª††’ ÉçéÌéπ ´uéÀhí¬ îÁ°æ¤p-èπ◊ØË -¢√-∞¡Ÿx)/ a cheat
(¢Á÷Ææ-í¬úø’).
1. Credulous = Easily believing others; gullible (Éûª-®Ω’- Eg: I did not know he was an impostor, pretending
©†’ Ææ’©-¶μºçí¬ †¢Ë’t). to be a government officer who could get me
Eg: He is credulous and can be deceived easily. a job.
Credulous × Critical/ skeptical (ņ’-´÷-EçîË) Impostor × An honest person
2. Destitute = Poor (E®Ω’Ê- °ü¿ Å®·†). 5. Rampant = Widespread / spreading uncontrolled 923
Eg: The young girl is not only an orphan but also des- (N°æ-K-ûªçí¬ v°æ•L Ö†o)
Eg: Corruption is rampant in India.
titute.
Destitute × Wealthy / affluent (Ææç°æü¿ -Ö-†o) Rampant × Controlled / limited
O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
3. Fragrant = Sweet smelling/ having an attractive -≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
smell (Ææ’¢√-Ææ† -Ö-†o).
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ..
Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
Eg: The jasmine (´’™„x) is very fragrant. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
Fragrant × Stinking (-´·®Ω’-í∫’-éπç-°æ¤ûÓ Ö†o) www.eenadupratibha.net Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

Writer

- M. Suresan
Corruption is rampant...
- K. Bhavagna - G. Saveen - Md Jainoddin
The car finally
Q: 'A total of 282 cyber crimes were regis- Q: Sir, please explain the following. Q: Sir, please translate below words into
tered against 370 last year'. pegged out. Telugu. 1) Mission impossible,
1) Deterrence 2) Meant 3) Intent
I read this sentence in a news paper. My 4) Modalities 5) Pegging up 2) Accomplished and 3) Trinity.
doubt is "instead of against, shall we use, A: 1) Deterrence - Preventing / stopping some- A: 1) Mission = Some important task (work)
as compared to or in comparison to"- one from doing something (Åúø’° -f ú-æ ôø ç). given to a person / a person gives them-
which one is suitable for that? Please selves - some important work they want
Eg: The fear of punishment leads to deter-
explain to achieve.
rence of crimes. of concentration)
A: The correct sentence is '........ as against Eg: Gandhiji's mission was to achieve
2) Meant - The past tense of mean = Give the 4) Modalities = A way of doing something
370 last year'. This is as correct as 'as com- Hindu-Muslim unity.
pared to'. 'In comparison to' is wrong. 'In
meaning of (Å®Ωnç É´yúøç/ éπLT Öçúøôç). (üˆo-®·Ø√ E®Ωy-£œ«çîË NüμΔ†ç). ★ Mission impossible = A mission which is
Eg: His not coming to the marriage meant Eg: They have yet to think of the modali-
comparison with' is correct. not possible to achieve (Å≤ƒ-üμ¿u-¢Á’i† °æE).
that he did not like it. ties of their plan.
Q: Sir, his relationships with leaders all over 2) Achieved (≤ƒCμç-îªôç). Eg: Tenzing accom-
3) Intent = Be seriously interested in some- 5) Pegging up - No such expression. 'Peg out'
the world are 'Second to none' - Explain in plished the task of climbing Mt Everest.
thing (áèπ◊\´ ÇÆæéÀh îª÷°æúøç). is there = stop working.
Telugu. 3) A set of three (´·í∫’_®Ω’†o ïô’d).
Eg: a) He was intent on joining the IAS. Eg: The car finally pegged out (= stopped
A: á´-J-éπØ√o èπÿú≈ ûªèπ◊\´ é¬úø’/ ÅCy-B-ߪ·úø’. Eg: The Hindus believe in the trinity of
b) She had an intent look on her face (look moving).
(Åçü¿-J-éπçõ‰ íÌ°æp). Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara.

- S. Srinidhi - R. Santosh
Ææçv°æ-üΔ-ߪ’-K-A™). has a good chance of winning. (Nï-ߪ÷-´-
Q: Sir, please clarify the following words / Eg: I call upon the students to be ready to Q: Sir, please tell me about 'subject to' (in a é¬-¨»©’ Ö†o §ÚöÃüΔ®Ω’úø’).
phrases. serve the aged people and the week. sentence). How do we use this? - Explain ★ Contestant = A person who takes part in a
1) Optional 2) Call upon 3) Conceded = a) To admit, often unwillingly, with examples and Telugu meaning also. contest (§ÚöÙ  §ƒ™Ô_ØË ¢√®Ω’).
3) Conceded 4) To do so that something is true (Å®·-≠dçæ í¬ üˆo-®·Ø√ A: Subject to - -≠æ®Ω-ûª’-©èπ◊ -™ -•-úÕ. 2) Proclaim = Announce / declare (v°æéπ-öÀç-
1) Optional= Left to our choice = if we like it, Eï-´’E ä°æ¤p-éÓ-´úøç). Eg: He can go out now subject to the con- îªúøç).
we can do it, and if we don't like it we need Eg: The Government has conceded that dition that he will be back in the ★ Promulgate = Enforce as a rule (äéπ E•ç-üμ¿-
not do it (´’† áç°œéπèπ◊ ´C-™‰Æœ† / â*a¥-éπ-¢Á’i†). demonetization has caused some trou- evening. ††’ Å´’©’ °æ®Ω-îªúøç).
2) Call upon = a) Visit a person. (äéπ-JE ble to the poor. Q: Sir, please explain difference between fol- 3) An ordinance is a law that is enforced when
Ææçü¿-Jzç-îªúøç / éπ©-´úøç, ¢√∞¡x E¢√-Ææç™). b) To admit that you have been defeated. (´’† lowing the parliament is not in session, and in six
Eg: The Prime Minister and the opposition ã- ô- N- ’ ä°æ¤pé- Ó-´úøç) Eg: He conceded defeat 1) Contender and Contestant months it has to get the parliament's
leaders now and then call upon (visit) = He agreed that he had been defeated. 2) Proclaim and Promulgate approval (ÅÂÆç-H©
x ’, §ƒ®Ω¢-x Á’çö¸ Ææ´÷-¢¨-Ë »©’ ™‰†-
the President. 4) To do so = to do as someone has asked you 3) Ordinance and Draft °æ¤púø’, Åûªu´- Æ- ®-æ Ωçí¬ B- Ææ’éÌ-*- a, Å´’-©’-°J-æ îË îªôçd ).
b) To ask somebody to do something (for- to (Å™«-îË-ߪ’úøç). Eg: He told her to arrange A: 1) A contender is also a contestant, that is, ★ A draft is the text of a rule / law that is first
mally - á´-J-ØÁj-Ø√ àüÁjØ√ îËߪ’-´’E Åúø-í∫ôç– the dinner, and she agreed to do so. one who contests for something, and prepared (-´·≤ƒ®·-üΔ).

- M. Vijay, Naveen - B. Venkatesh , A. Prasad - P. Saroja


He consolidated
Q: Sir, please explain more about Lied and Q: Sir please explain the following words in Q: Sir, please translate following words into
Telugu. his position... Telugu and vice versa.
what is the meaning of lied to?
A: Lied is the past tense (V2) of lie = Utter a 1. Consolidate 2. Professional 1) Prosperity 2) Labels
falsehood / be untrue. A: 1) Consolidate - Æœn®Ω-°æ-®Ω’--é̆’ / •©-°æ-®Ω’-- 3) Different meanings of Experiences
Eg: He lied to me that he had passed the é̆’. 4) -´’Æœ 5) -†’Æœ
exam. (Lie × Truth ) Eg: He consolidated his position with the A: 1) Prosperity = Wealth, success and happi-
Q: Sir, could you please explain the below support of his friends. ness (¢Áj¶μº´ç). The Tatas, the Ambanies
2) Professional - i) ´%Ahí¬ éπL-T† A: 1) Part and parcel - ´·êu-¢Á’i† ¶μ«í∫ç.
given sentence. and the Birlas enjoy a lot of prosperity.
Eg: All film actors are professionals / pro- 2) Rough and ready - Å´-Ææ-®√-EéÀ °æE-éÌ-îËaC,
"The friendship has cost India, its democ- 2) Label = A piece of paper stuck to a thing
ratic balance." fessional film actors. Åçûª Ø√W-èπ◊í¬ ™‰éπ-§Ú-®·Ø√. giving its name, and uses (Æ‘≤ƒ©’, úø¶«s©’
A: Because of the friendship, India lost its ii) -´%-AhéÀ Ææç-•ç--Cμç-*-† 3) Leaps and bounds - î√™« ¢Ëí∫çí¬. O’ü¿ Ö†o °æöÃd– éπç°F Ê°®Ω’ ûÁL-Ê°N).
democratic stability = Because of the Eg: How a doctor treats their patients is a 4) Bread and butter - @´-Ø√-üμΔ-®Ω-¢Á’i† -ǣ慮Ωç. 3) Experiences - Only one meaning = Real
friendship India's democracy has become professional matter. 5) Odds and ends - ®Ω鬩 ´Ææ’h-´¤©’, Åçûªí¬ touch with something and personal observa-
unsteady. Q: Sir, please tell me the following binomials Å´-Ææ®Ωç ™‰E-N, Åçûª ´·êuç é¬EN. tion of facts and events (ņ’-¶μº-¢√©’)
Q: Sir, please explain the words More or Less, in Telugu. Q: Sir, please explan afterwards and upon 4) -´’Æœ = Soot
and Thus. 1) Part and parcel 2) Rough and ready which. 5) -†’Æœ = Dust made by an insect (éÃô-鬩 ´©x
A: More or Less = üΔüΔ°æ¤ 3) Leaps and bounds 4) Bread and butter A: Afterwards = ûª®√yûª éπLÍí †’Æœ)/ dust caused by oldness (´Ææ’h-´¤©’
Thus = Ñ Nüμ¿çí¬. 5) Odds and ends Upon which = Ç O’ü¿ô ¶«í¬ §ƒûª¢Áj §ƒúÁj-§ÚûË ´îËa †’Æœ).
-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 22 -ï-†-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 3
- SaiKiran Sutari unable to pay back debts to others or debts and taxes to
Q: Sir, please explain the following which are related to the government.
Gated community. 5) Forfeiture - Losing the fight to a property or things as
a punishment for wrong doing, or the inability to pay
1) Venture 2) Concern 3) Assign
back debts.
4) Attach 5) Forfeiture 6) Pawn
6) Pawn - Offering something valuable as a guarantee for
7) Mortgage 8) Security Charge
the repayment of a loan. Till the loan is repaid, the arti-
A: 1) Venture - A new risky activity, usually a business cle pawned is kept with the lender. Once the loan is
which requires us to invest a lot of money without repaid, the article is returned to the borrower. 924
our knowing whether we get profit or loss. It has 7) Mortgage is offering a property, usually a house, house
other meanings too.
2) Concern - A company. Eg: It is a real estate concern.
site, land as a guarantee for the repayment of a loan.
The mortgaged property is in the possession of the bor- O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
3) Assign - It means asking somebody or allotting some- rower, and the lender has the right to take over the -≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
one a job / work. In the context of real estate it means, property, if the lender fails to repay the debt. Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
a piece of land government gives to someone for culti- 8) Security Charge - No such expression. It is either -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
vation, without their having any right to sell it. 'security' or 'charge' = something offered as a guaran-
4) Attach - Taking away of a person's property if they are tee for the repayment of a loan. Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- M. Suresan
Writer

'Must' express command..!


- Sanjeev Naddunuri - K. Swetha Priya - L. Kavitha Jabbar - Sujana Navulur
Q: Sir, please translate the following sentences Q: Sir, please explain the usage of the follow- Q: Sir, please say the difference between
into English. Q: Sir, what is meant by idioms? Explain
ing words. below words briefly. with examples.
1) -ØË-†’ -á-´-Jéà -ûªèπ◊\-´ é¬-ü¿’.
1) Must 2) Should 3) Have to 1) Governor and Lieutenant governor A: An idiom: A group of words, the meaning
2) -Ø√Íéç -ûªèπ◊\-´?
A: Must = should = have to - express com- 2) Sate and Union territory of which as a whole is different from the
3) -†’-´¤y -îËÊÆh Ææ-J-§Ú®·ç-üΔ?-N’-T-L-† -¢√-∞¡Ÿx -îÁ-ßÁ·u- mand (order), duty and necessity. (Çïc, A: A governor usually does not have any pow- meanings of the words in the idiom. It
ers. The council of ministers of a state, and
üΔl? NCμí¬ îËߪ÷-LqçC, Å´-Ææ-®√-EéÀ îËߪ÷-LqçC). may or may not have a verb in it.
A: 1) You are second to none.
Examples: the chief minister have all the powers, and Eg: Kiss of death = An action that puts an
2) How am I less than others / inferior to the governor has to give his consent what
1) You must / should / have to be here end to something.
others? the cabinet or the assembly decides.
every day from 10 to 6 - Order. Q: Sir, explain the difference between phrase
3) Is it enough if you do it? What about the ★ A union territory is a state, Eg: Delhi, direct-
2) I must / should be / have to be at the and phrasal verb. Define them with exam-
others? ly under the rule of the president of India,
office at 10 - Duty. ples.
- Rahul Kakkireni 3) I must / should / have to go to the station and the chief minister and cabinet ministers
A: A phrase: A group of words without a
before ten or I will miss the train - of the union territory do not have any pow-
Q: Sir, I have some doubts to be clarified. I verb.
Necessity. ers. The head of the administrators is under
want the English meanings of these words. the control of the President, who rules the Eg: In the evening, outside the college,
1) íÌ-úø-´ 2) -•-A-´÷-©’ - Ashoka etc.
state through the Lieutenant Governors.
3) Æœn®Ω°æ-úø-ôç Q: Sir, could you please translate the below While other states have governors, union ★ A phrasal verb: A group of words with a
- Please explain the English meanings of conversation into Telugu. territories have Lt Governors. verb in it, followed by a preposition or an
these words to me. Kumar: Hello, Ranji ! why are you looking so adverb or both.
- B. Ashok
A: 1) íÌ-úø-´ – A heated argument. sad? lost the game today?" Eg: Look down upon = to ill treat / insult
Rajini: "yes, we lost the match" Q: Sir, what is meant by hometown? I am liv- somebody. The Whites look down
2) -•-A-´÷-©’ – To plead
A: π◊´÷®˝: -áç-ü¿’éπç-ûª Cí∫’-©’í¬ éπ-E°œÆæ’h-Ø√o-´¤? véÃúø ing in a village. Shall I mention my home- upon the Blacks.
3) Æœn®Ω°æ-úø-ôç – Settle
(Íí¢˛’)™ ãúÕ-§Ú-ߪ÷¢√? town as my village name or it is near by
town? - Please explain. - Narasimha Reddy Nune
- Gollapalli Jeevani ®Ω->-E: Å´¤†’, ¢Ë’´· ãúÕ-§Úߪ÷ç.
A: Hometown, as you say is a town or a city Q: I saw two sentences in the dictionary.
- Jeevan Bhaskar
Q: "She had to go through a lot of difficulties where a person is born and spent his youth. 1) A life without a friend is a life without
in her life" - Please explain the meaning Q: Sir, in following expressions which one is For people like you, born in a village, you a sun. (I wonder if I can say "Life with-
of the sentence. right 'God's gift' or 'God gift' - Kindly can say 'I am a native of such and such a out a friend is life without a sun." - Is
explain. village, near such and such a town.' 'Native this sentence correct? When should I
A: God's gift (Correct) = Gift given by God. place' is not correct English. put the "a" before "life"?)
2) With close friends in their lives, people

Vocabulary
develop courage and positive attitudes.
(You see the phrase "in their lives", and
I want to know why "life" is in plural
from in this sentence. Can I say "in
1. Despair = Loss of hope (E®√-¨¡í¬ Ö†o). their life"?)
Eg: They are in despair over the condition - I'm a little confused. Can you help me?
If the meaning of the above sentence is of their father (¢√∞¡x Ø√†o °æJÆœnAE
A: 1) 'A life' and 'a sun' are not correct.
"she is going to face many difficulties in
When we use life with the meaning of
í∫’Jç* ¢√∞¡Ÿx Ǩ¡ ´ü¿’-©’-èπ◊-Ø√o®Ω’).
future" then, is it correct to use the sentence Despair × Hope
ii) Insult (Å´-´÷-Eç-îªúøç). human life in general, we don't use any
like "She has to face a lot of difficulties in her 2. Excel = Do something extremely well / to
Eg: Duryodhana slighted the Pandavas article. 'Sun' being only one of its kind,
life"? be very good at a subject (àüÁjØ√ ¶«í¬
after they lost the game of dice. must have 'the' before it. The correct
A: She has to face ...... in her life = She is îËߪ’úøç). We have the word 'excellent' sentence is, 'Life without a friend is life
facing now and will continue to face. from the word 'excel'. Slight × Compliment (¢Á’a-éÓ-´úøç)
without the sun.'
★ She will have to face many difficulties in 4. Tangible = Something that can be touched
2) When you refer to more than one per-
future - This refers to the future. Eg: She excelled at music and her concerts / solid / real (´’†ç îËAûÓ ´·ô’d-éÓ-í∫© – Åçõ‰
son, the plural of life, 'lives' is used and
★ In the past, she had to experience a lot of drew good audience (Ç¢Á’ ÆæçUûªç ¶«í¬ ´’†ç ÆæpJzç-îª-í∫-L-TçC)
it is correct.
trouble in her life. (had to - refers to the §ƒúËC, Ç¢Á’ éπîËK©èπ◊ ï†ç áèπ◊\-´í¬ ´îËa- Tangible × Impalpable (Imperceptible - ´’†
- ª÷©- èπ◊ ÅB-û¢-ª Á’†-i N/ unreal = Å¢√-Æhæ ´- ¢- Á’†i ) Eg: The lives of great people like
past) ¢√®Ω’). ÉçvCß
Mahatma Gandhi are examples for
Q: Sir, please explain the difference between Excel × Fail (N°∂æ-©-´’-´úøç) 5. Masculine = Having manly qualities / the
us.
'Me too' and 'I too' and when do we use 3. Slight = i) Very little (Ææy-©p-¢Á’i†) characteristics of a man (°æ¤®Ω’-≠æfl-©èπ◊ Ææç•ç-
them? Eg: There is a slight increase in the price
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ..
Cμç-*†, °æ¤®Ω’-≠æûªyç éπ-E°œç-îË).
A: Me too = I too. However, nowadays, 'me of gold. Eg: Bhima was masculine.
too' is more common than 'I too'. Slight × Large Masculine × Feminine (Æ‘Y -©éπ~-ù«-©’-†o) www.eenadupratibha.net
-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 29 -ï-†-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Vocabulary 3. Malady = Illness / Ailment (ï•’s / ¢√uCμ)


Eg: He is down with an incurable malady.
Malady × Remedy / Cure (E¢√-®Ωù)
1. Decay = Rot (´·J-T-§Ú-´úøç / èπ◊Rx-§Ú- 4. Prompt = Timely / immediate
´úøç)./ be gradually damaged (éÃ~ùÀç- (Ææé¬-™«-E-éÀ / Å-†’-èπ◊†o Ææ´’-ߪ÷-EéÀ /
*-§Ú-´úøç). ûªéπ~ùç / ¢ÁçôØË)
Eg: The body of the man killed in
Eg: The doctor's prompt arrival
the accident began to decay.
saved the patient's life. 925
Decay × Flourish (¨¡éÀhûÓ Ç®Ó-í∫uçûÓ
Prompt × Tardy (delaying and
O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
°®Ω-í∫úøç)
slow moving)
2. Feasible = Practicable / possible /
doable (îËߪ’í
- L-∫ T- / Ç- Ωù ≤ƒüμ¿u¢- Á’†i ). 5. Zeal = Enthusiasm / Eagerness
-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
Eg: Our CM believes that cashless transactions are fea- (Öû√q£æ«ç)
Eg: He set out on a cycle tour of the country with great
Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
sible
Feasible × Impracticable / unpractical (Çîª-®Ωù ≤ƒüμ¿uç-é¬E, zeal. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
Zeal × Apathy (E®Ω’-û√q£æ«ç / E®√-ÆæéÀh) Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

-´’-üμ¿u -ûË-ú≈...?
Ü£æ«èπ◊ ´÷vûª¢Ë’ °æJ-N’-ûª-¢Á’i†)

- M. Suresan
Writer

Dear, Beloved
- SaiKiran Sutari
- Sanjeev Naddunuri - K. Kameswara Rao - P. Thirupathi
Q: Sir, please explain the following in Telugu.
Q: Sir, please translate the sentence into Q: Sir, when do we use "Dear" and "Beloved"?
1. Horizons 2. Folks English. A: Dear does not express the same amount of
3. Mass 4. Heathens and nerds '-†’-´¤y é¬xÆˇ -N-†-†°æ¤p-úø’ é¬xÆˇ-™ -Ö-Ø√o -äéπ\-õ‰ é¬xÆˇ - love as beloved.
5. Better half 6. Resurgence •-ߪ’-ô -Ö-Ø√o -äéπ\-õ‰— Dear = liked or loved.
7. Resurrection 8. Restoration A: When you don't listen, your presence in the Beloved = Loved very much.
9. Surgical strike class is as good as your staying out. ★ We use 'dear' for any of our friends, rela-
A: 1) Horizon - two meanings: i) the line Q: Sir, '°æ‹®Ωgèπ◊ç-¶μºç—, 'é¬-L -¢Á’-õ„d-©-†’— English -™  tives, students, audience, etc. But we use
along which the sky and the earth's sur- à´’ç-ö«®Ω’? 'beloved' only for those who are very dear to
face appear to meet (Ç鬨¡ç ¶μº÷N’ éπ©’-Ææ’- A: No exact English word for Purnakumbham our hearts for example, wife, husband, chil-
èπ◊ØË ´©ßª’ç – D-Eo -Cé˙-îª-véπç ÅE-èπÿú≈ because the English do not have the cus- dren, etc. Q: Sir, how to identify the words like noun,
Åçö«®Ω’.) You will see this if you stand in tom. Q: Sir, could you please tell me the English verb, adverb, conjunction? - Please
a wide open field. ★ é¬-L -¢Á’-õ„d-©’ = Toe rings. This is not an accu- words of the following. explain with examples.
ii) The limit of a person's knowledge, expe- rate translation either. 1) í¬È®-©’ 2) ÆæéÀ-Ø√-©’ 3) -´·®Ω’èπ◊-©’ A: A noun is the name of a person, place,
rience or interest. (äéπ ´uéÀh Nñ«c†ç, ņ’- Q: Sir, say these in English. A: No English words for the above, as the thing or animal. It is a word/ words act-
¶μº´ç, ÇÆæéÀh °æJCμ). 1) Ææ’-Ah -´÷-ö«x-úøèπ◊/ Ææ’-Ah -îÁ-•’-ûª’-Ø√o-úø’ English people don't cook or eat them. ing as the subject of a sentence, object
Eg: She wanted to go on a foreign tour to 2) -î √-™« -üΔ®Ω’-ùç (direct / indirect) of a verb, object of a
expand / widen her horizons (Improve - Zohra Begum preposition. What a sentence talks about
3) Ææ%-≠œd -üμ¿®Ωtç
her knowledge, experience and interest). is its subject.
A: 1) Don't talk rubbish/ nonsense. Don't bore Q: Sir, can you explain the difference
2) Folks = People in general, especially people me. Examples:
between the following sentences in
of a particular group (ñ«Ø√©’/ ´·êuçí¬ äéπ
2) Very horrible Telugu. a) The teacher teaches the subject well.
3) The nature of creation/ the characteristic Here the subject of the sentence is
•%çüΔ-EéÀ îÁçC† v°æï©’).
1) My uncle had been to New York 5
3) Mass = A large number of people, affecting of creation teacher - so it is a noun.
times.
a large number of people (v°æñ« ¶«£æ›∞¡uç –
Q: Sir, is this sentence right or wrong? And 2) My uncle has been to New York 5 b) The teacher teaches science. Here 'sci-
also explain meaning of the sentence. ence' is the object of the verb 'teaches',
v°æï-©ç-ü¿®Ω÷ éπLÆœ).
times.
4) Heathens and nerds - Heathens = Non- so 'science' - the name of a subject - is
I'll give it a go. A: 1) My uncle had been to New York 5
Christians (wÈéjÆæh-´¤©’ é¬E ¢√∞¡Ÿx). a noun.
A: The sentence is correct = I will try / I will times = Sometime in the past, before
★ Nerd = i) A foolish person, especially a man
make an attempt. It should be = It must be something else happened. c) He gave his friend the book - Here
who does not know how to behave in soci- = ÅC Öçú≈L/ ï®Ω-í¬L (Çïc/ üμ¿®Ωtç/ Å´-Ææ®Ωç). 'friend' is the indirect object of 'gave' so
ety (´‚®Ω’^úø’, ´·êuçí¬ †©’-í∫’-JûÓ á™« -¢Á’©- Eg: ´÷ ´÷´’ߪ’u í∫ûªç™ †÷uߪ÷-®˝\èπ◊
'friend' is a noun.
í¬™ ûÁ-L-ߪ’E ¢√úø’). ii) An expert in a partic- - Madhavilatha Kotta
Å®·ü¿’≤ƒ®Ω’x ¢ÁRx ´î√aúø’ ÉçÍéüÓ ïJÍí
d) He threw a stone at the boy - 'boy' here
ular field, especially computers. (àüÁjØ√
´·çü¿’.
Imp: 'Had been' †’ äéπ Öçúø-ö«-EéÀ ´÷vûªç is the object of the preposition 'at', so
'boy' is a noun.
®Ωçí∫ç™ E≥ƒg-ûª’úø’, ´·êuçí¬ éπç°æ‹u-ô-®˝q™).
5) Better half = The wife of a man, or the hus-
¢√úøç.È®çúø’ Öçúø-ö«--™x -´·ç-ü¿’ -Ö-†o Öçúø-
★ A verb tells us of a) the 'being' of the sub-
band of a woman (ÅØÓu-†uçí¬ Ö†o ¶μº®Ωhèπ◊ ¶μ«®Ωu,
ö«-EéÀ ¢√úø-û√ç.
Eg: He had been to New York five times ject, or b) the action of the subject.
¶μ«®Ωuèπ◊ ¶μº®Ωh).
before he retired from his job. Eg: i) India is a vast country. Here 'is' talks
6) Resurgence = Interest in a subject that has
2) My uncle has been to New York five about the being of India, so 'is' is the
been forgotten for sometime (éÌçûª-é¬-©çí¬
times = He has visited New York five verb.
°æöÀdç--éÌE N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ ´’Sx ÇÆæéÀh °®Ωí∫-úøç).
times so far (till now) / or at a time not ii) He sings well. 'Sings' tells us of the
7) Resurrection - a) Bringing back a dead per-
Q: Sir, please translate the following sen- mentioned. (´÷ ´÷´’ߪ ’u Éçûª-´®Ωèπ◊ action of the subject, he. So 'sings' is
son to life (îªE-§Ú-®·† ´uéÀhE AJT •A-éÀç-îªôç–
tences into Telugu.
†÷uߪ÷-®˝\èπ◊ -Å-®·-ü¿’≤ƒ®Ω’x ¢ÁRx´-î√aúø’.) a verb.
´·êuçí¬ véÃÆæ’h °æ¤†®Ω’-@´b ç).
Q: How to learn construction of sentences? ★ An adverb talks of how an action is done
b) Bringing back into use something that has 1) -ØË-†’ -É°æp-öÀ -´®Ωèπ◊ -Ö-ߪ÷-u-© -Üí¬-†’/ -ØË-†’
A: Read short story books, the English by the subject.
not long been in use. (E®Ω’-°æ-ßÁ÷-í∫çí¬ °æúÕ-Ö†o Öߪ÷u-© -Ü-í∫’-ûª’-Ø√o-†’.
newspaper and listen to the news on the Eg: Sujatha sings well. Here 'well' tells us
´Ææ’h-´¤†’ ´’Sx Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-í∫ç-™éÀ ûË´úøç). 2) -´÷ -Ø√-†oí¬®Ω’ -Å-ߪ’u°æp≤ƒy-N’- ´÷-© -¢Ë-¨»®Ω’.
TV. about how Sujatha sings, so 'well' is
8) Restoration = Bringing back something into 3) Å-ߪ’u°æp≤ƒy-N’ -´÷-©-™  -Ö-Ø√o®Ω’.
Q: Where we use Relative Pronouns? an adverb.
earlier good condition after a period of dis- A: 1) I have swung / rocked so far in a swing.
use (Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-í∫-éπ-®Ω-¢Á’i† ´Ææ’h-¢ÁjØ√ éÌçûª-é¬©ç ¢√úø- A: We have explained 'Relative Pronouns' a ★ A conjunction joins two words, two phras-
I am rocking / swinging in a swing. (ÉC number of times in the Spoken English es, or two clauses.
èπ◊çú≈ -´-C-™‰Æœ ´’Sx ¢√úøôç). °ü¿l-¢√∞¡Ÿx ÜÍí Üߪ’©.) Cradle = *†o °œ©x- page. Refer to old lessons or any good Eg: He and his friends are coming today.
9) Surgical strike = Attacking and destroying ©†’ °æúø’-éÓ-¶„öÀd ÜÊ° ûÌ-öÀd. grammar book. 'And' here joins he, his friends. So
the target without causing loss to any sur-
2) My dad has worn Ayyappa mala / He is 'and' is a conjunction. So are but, so,
rounding buildings, vehicles or general pub-
on Ayyappa deeksha.
lic (éπ-ôd-ú≈-©èπ◊, ¢√£æ«-Ø√-©èπ◊, v°æï-© -v§ƒ-ù«--©èπ◊ -à-N-üμ¿-
3) He is on an oath to go on a pilgrimage '-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. etc.
Any good grammar book will give you
¢Á’i-† †≠ædç éπ-©í∫èπ◊ç-ú≈ -EÍ®l-P-ûª ©é~¬uEo Ø√¨¡ç
îËߪ’ôç). to Sabarimala. www.eenadupratibha.net all this information.