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-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 5 -°∂œ-v•-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 3

Vocabulary
1. Destiny = Fate (NCμ/ ûª©-®√ûª)
Eg: It was Pandavas' destiny to suffer in the forests for thir-
teen years.
Destiny × Free will/ choice (â*a¥é- π¢
- Á’†i )
★ To be destined = To have the fate of (Å™« ®√Æœ-°öÀd Öçúøôç).
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Eg: The Pandavas were destined to suffer, and they did.
2. Stress / Emphasize = Give importance to something Eg: When I remember my
O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
(í∫ûª Ææt %ûª’™x džçü¿ç §Òçü¿úçø ).
while speaking / writing (ØÌéÀ\ îÁ°æpúøç). school days, I become nostalgic.
Eg: Gandhi stressed / emphasized the need for peace and Nostalgic × Pragmatic -≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
non-violence. 4. Pallid = Pale because of ill-health (ÅØ√-®Óí∫uç ´©x §ƒL-§Ú-´úøç). Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
Stress × Play down / understate (ÖÊ°-éÀ~ç-îªúøç) Eg: Two weeks of jaundice made him pallid. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
3. Nostalgic = Longing and affection for a period in the past / Pallid × Florid (®Ωéπhç ¶«í¬ Öçúøôç ´©x áv®Ωí¬ Öçúøôç)/
a feeling of pleasure and sadness when we think of the past full-blooded (®Ωéπh °æ¤≠œd Öçúøôç) Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

-á°æ¤p-úø’ -¢√--úø-û√-´’ç-õ‰..?
- Dammaraju, Aditya Sarma

Q: Sir, can you explain the meaning of the


below sentence with example.
"He's out of his senses".
Mingle
A: Out of one's senses = Not able to think
properly / mad. - K.V. Rao, Tuni. - T. Purnachandar, Avunoor.
Eg: He is out of his senses (mad) to spend Q: They lit out across the fields to get away. Writer Q: 2nd person -™ -éÀç-C question tag -à- Ææçü¿®Ωs¥ç-
so much money on such a cheap thing. A: Lit out - the past tense (PT) of light out ™ -¢√-ú≈-L? -à-C ÆæÈ®jç-C? -à-C -ûª°æ¤p? È®-ç-úÕç-öÀ -
Q: Sir, please explain word "Matter of Fact". = to get out in a hurry. They out across the - M. Suresan ´’-üμ¿u -ûË-ú≈ -N-´-Jç-îªí∫-©®Ω’.
A: i) Used to stress (ØÌéÀ\ îÁ°æpúøç) what you fields to get away. (Ç §Ò™«© ¢Áç•úÕ ¢√∞¡Ÿx a) Do you go to college?
are saying. §ƒJ-§Ú-ߪ÷®Ω’, ûª°œpç--éÓ-´-ú≈-EéÀ.) üÌçT-Lç* ¢√∞¡Ÿx §ƒJ-§Ú-ߪ÷®Ω’.) b) Are you going to college?
Eg: I don't like to meet him. As a matter of Q: He got away with thousands of rupees Q: I don't know what he is up to, but he sneaks A: a) Do you go to college? b) Are you going
fact I don't like him (ÅÆæ©’ îÁ§ƒp-©çõ‰). worth of gold. away from work early. to college? - These two are not question
ii) Sometimes we use it to stress the oppo- A: Got away - the past tense (PT) of get away = A: Sneaks away = goes away secretly. I don't tags, but questions.
site of what we are saying (äéÓ\-≤ƒJ ´’†ç escape. He got away (= escaped) with thou- know what he wants to do, he goes away ★ Do you go to college? - This question (not
îÁ°œp-†-üΔ-EéÀ ´uA-Í®-éπçí¬ îÁÊ°pç-ü¿’èπ◊ èπÿú≈ sands of rupees worth of gold. (¢Ë™«C ®Ω÷§ƒ- from work early secretly. (¢√úËç îËߪ÷-©-†’- question tag) means, 'Do you go to college
¢√úøû√ç). ߪ’©’ N©’´ îËÊÆ •çí¬-®ΩçûÓ ¢√∞¡Ÿx Öú≈-®·ç-î√®Ω’.) èπ◊ç-ö«úÓ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’ü¿’. °æE îËÆæ÷h îËÆæ÷h regularly/ every day?/ Are you a college stu-
Eg: I don't want to go away from this place. Q: The thieves made their get away in a stolen Éûª®Ω’©èπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’-èπ◊çú≈ ¢ÁRx§Ú-û√úø’.) dent'?
As a matter of fact, I want to settle car. Q: When all are busy talking. I slipped out. ★ Are you going to college? - This question
down here. A: Made their getaway (single expressions) - A: Slip out = go away without others noticing means, 'Are you going to college now'? /
Q: Sir, will you explain usage of Never and PT of make their getaway = escape after it. When all were talking busily, I left the 'Are you on your way to college'? In this
Ever. committing a crime. The thieves escaped place secretly. (Åçü¿®Ω÷ éπ•’®Ω’x îÁ°æ¤p-èπ◊ç-ô’çõ‰, sentence the person going to college, may
after stealing the jewellery) (Ƕμº-®Ω-ù«-©†’ ؈-éπ\úÕ †’ç* ¢Á’Lxí¬ ñ«®Ω’-èπ◊Ø√o.) not be a student.

- Badugu Ramesh - Vijay, Ghanpur. a time/ the time.


Q: Sir, where we use ''as to'' in English sen- A: They are.
Q: He peered closely at the photo - Is the
tence. Please give some examples using underlined word necessary to be written or a) There was a time when he had a lot of
''as to'' in English sentences and translate said? money.
them into Telugu. A: There is nothing wrong in saying, 'peer b) I don't have the time to do it now. (Time in
A: As to = with regard to (üΔEo í∫’Jç*/ Ç N≠æ- closely' = look very carefully from a short the sentences above is not followed, but
ߪ÷-E-éÌÊÆh). distance. preceded by 'a' and 'the', that is, we use, 'a'
A: i) Never = Not at any time (á°æ¤púø÷ ™‰ü¿’). Eg: His health is not so good. As to his stud- and 'the' before time, depending on the situ-
Q: We shall be going to Agra in the later part
Eg: Gandhi never supported the use of ies, he is doing well = ÅûªE Ç®Óí∫uç ¶«í¬ ation).
of October - Please let me know the mean-
force or violence. ™‰ü¿’. Ééπ îªü¿’´¤ N≠æ-ߪ÷-E-éÌÊÆh Åûª†’ ¶«í¬ØË ing of the above underlined. Q: Why is your son not doing homework -
Never × Ever = Always (á©x-°æ¤púø÷) Please change the above sentence into pas-
îªü¿’-´¤-ûª’-Ø√oúø’. A: Later part of October = In the 2nd half of
sive voice.
Eg: I am ever your friend, and you can ★ As to his financial position, it is good = ÅûªE the month - any time between 16th October
ask me for anything. ÇJnéπ °æJ-Æœn-AE í∫’Jç*/ ÅûªE ÇJnéπ °æJ-Æœn-AE í∫’Jç- and 31st October. A: The teacher asked the parent why his son
Q: Sir, let me know the differences between was not doing the homework.
îª-®·ûË, ÅC ¶«í¬ØË ÖçC. Q: Is the 'time' followed by the articles?

Proverbs, Sayings -äéπ-õ‰-Ø√...?


Wages and Income, Mix and Mingle. -
Please clarify it with examples. - D.V. L. Sravya
A: Wage is the amount paid to a worker for a
Q: Sir, consider the sentences "I dream of
day's work or for a week's work.
becoming.." and "I dream about becom-
★ Income is the amount of money one earns ing..." - Could you please clarify when we
over a month or a year. use "dream about" and "dream of" with as a kite' is that he is drunk or on drugs. Saying:
★ 'Mix' is used both for things and human examples. ii) A phrase is a group of words without a
'Do not think of the past, do not dream of
beings. A: Dream of = Dream about - no difference verb.
the future, but concentrate on the present'
Examples: a) People mix milk with water between the two. Eg: In the evening, outside the college,
(Both are substances). while playing a game, etc. - The Buddha
Q: Sir, please explain these with examples.
b) My teacher advised me not to mix with i) Idioms ii) Phrases iii) Proverbs = iv) Sayings. v) Quotations are the words of great people,
those bad students. iii) Proverbs iv) Sayings There is, however, a little difference which we repeat exactly as they have said.
★ 'Mingle', on the other hand, is used only v) Quotations between the two. While proverb is a state- Quotations also mean the words which oth-
for human beings moving with other A: i) An idiom is a group of words, the mean- ment of popular origin or whose author is ers say, and we repeat them exactly as they
human beings. ing of the whole group being different is not usually known, a saying is usually, what have said. For example, the Buddha's say-
Eg: His father doesn't like his daughter different from the meaning of each word a great person has said. ing given above is a quotation.
mingling with girls of a lower status. in the group. Examples Q: Sir, could I come in sir? - Is it right or not.
Eg: He is high as a kite - Here high as a kite, Proverbs: If not please explain it
1) Time and tide waits for none. (= Time
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. has no connection with kite (-á-ûª’hûÓ é¬E,
passes on without stopping for anybody).
A: Why use 'Sir' twice? You say either, 'Sir,
í¬L-°æ-ôçûÓ é¬E Ææç•çüμ¿ç ™‰ü¿’). The mean- could I come in?' or 'Could I come in, sir?'
www.eenadupratibha.net ing of the group of words, 'He is as high 2) Honesty is the best policy. Then it is correct.
-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 12 -°∂œ-v•-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 3
Venkat, Bhanu, Vijayawada. Q: Sir, what is the difference between "I am leaving this
afternoon for Hyderabad" ,"I am going this afternoon for
Q: Sir, please say the following in English.
Hyderabad". Here leaving means -´-C-L-¢Ë-ߪ’-úøç éπ-üΔ?
i)
A: 'Leave' Åçõ‰ ´ü¿-©-úø¢Ë’ é¬ü¿’.
؈’ Ç °æEE îËߪ’-èπ◊çú≈ Öçúø-ö«-EéÀ, ØËØËO’ îËûª-é¬E ´’E-≠œE
é¬ü¿’
There is another meaning for leave.
ii) -†’-´¤y á°æ¤púø’ á-™« Öçö«¢Ó Ø√èπ◊ Å®Ωnç é¬ü¿’
★ Leave = go away from a person/ place (äéπ ´uéÀh †’ç*/ äéπ
A: i) I am not inept not to do it.
ii) I just can't (cannot) understand what kind of person you
v°æü˨¡ç †’ç*/ äéπ ´uéÀhE/ v°æüË-¨»Eo ´CL ¢ÁRx-§Ú-´úøç).
★ I am going this afternoon to (for é¬ü¿’) Hyderabad = I am
are at a particular point of time. -Å®·-ûË, -ÉC -´’éÀ\éÀ -´’éÀ\
leaving this afternoon for Hyderabad. (Leave Åçõ‰ ´C-L-°-
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ņ’-¢√-ü¿ç. (True translation.) English
ÅÆæ©’ ™ îÁ§ƒp-©çõ‰
It's (It is) impossible for me to predict you / you are unpre- ôd-úø¢Ë’ é¬ü¿’; È®çúÓ Å®Ωnç ´CL ¢ÁRx-§Ú-´úøç)
dictable. Q: i) What the hell going on here? ii) Go to hell - Say in O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
Q: Sir, i) I won't let them come here ii) I don't let them come Telugu.
-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
here ©èπ◊ Å®Ωnç™ Ö†o ûËú≈ àN’öÀ? A: What the hell? - àçô-Ææ©’? – NÆæ’í¬_, éÓ°æçí¬ àç ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’ç-C- Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
A: i) I won't (will not) let them come here = ¶μºN-≠æu-û˝™ ®√E-´y†’. éπ\úø? à´’-´¤-ûÓç-C-éπ\úø?/ àçöÀ Ææçí∫A? ÅE Åúø-í∫ôç. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
ii) I don't let them come here = Ééπ\-úÕéÀ ®√E-´y†’, É°æ¤púø÷ / ★ Go to hell = Ø√¨¡-†-¢Á’i§Ú ÅE ¨»°æ-Ø√-®√n©’ °ôdúøç. (°ü¿l-¢√∞¡Ÿx, íı®Ω-
á°æ¤púø÷. ´-F-ߪ·© Ææ´’-éπ~ç™ Ñ 'hell' °æüΔ©’ ¢√úøôç bad manners.) Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

Kavya, Sindhu
Q: Please let me know the meaning of "I
have never seen such a girl''
A: I have never seen such a girl = I have not
I would rather walk than..
seen such a girl at any time. (Å™«çöÀ Å´÷t-

Vocabulary
®·E ØËEç-ûª-´-®Ωèπÿ á°æ¤púø÷ îª÷úø™‰ü¿’.) Kumar, Renu, Vizag
Q: Please translate the below statement into Writer
English. Q: He got away with thousands of rupees
worth of gold - Please explain.
i) Marriage -á-™« -ï-J-Tç-C? - M. Suresan 1. Loyal = Faithful (giving or showing con-
A: Got away - the past tense (PT) of get away
ii) Differences between the saw and seen? stant support to a person - -N-üμË-ߪ’-ûª -Ö-†o)
= escape. He got away (= escaped) with
A: i) How did the marriage go off? Venu, Guntur. Eg: Anjaneya was loyal to Lord Sri Rama.
thousands of rupees worth of gold. (¢Ë™«C
ii) Saw is the past tense of see. (saw = -îª÷-¨»-†’ ★ Loyal X Disloyal (or) Unfaithful -Å-N-üμË-ߪ’-ûª-
®Ω÷§ƒ-ߪ’©’ N©’´ îËÊÆ •çí¬-®ΩçûÓ ¢√∞¡Ÿx Öú≈-®·ç- Q: Sir, please let me know the difference
/ -îª÷-¨»-´¤ / -îª÷-¨»-úø’ / -îª÷-¨»®Ω’). î√®Ω’.) between say and tell with examples. ûÓ -Ö-†o/ -N-¨»yÆæç -™‰-E).
Eg: She saw the movie last night = -E-†o ®√-vA Q: When scolded by his father, he wanted to 2. Jolly = Jovial / happy and cheerful (Ææç-ûÓ-
A: 1) 'Say' is not always followed by the
-Ç-¢Á’ Æœ-E-´÷ -îª÷-Æœç-C. slink away and be by himself - Please person who something is said to, where- ≠æçí¬, Ææ-®Ω-üΔí¬ -Ö†o). Eg: I had a jolly group
★ Seen is the past participle = -îª÷-úø-•-úÕ-†. explain in Telugu. as 'tell' must always be followed by the of friends when I was at college.
(The film seen by us yesterday was good = A: Slink away = go away without others see- person who something is told to. ★ Jolly X Serious ( í∫ç-Hμ®Ωçí¬ -Ö-†o)/ gloomy (-N-
-E-†o -´’-† -îË-ûª -îª÷-úø-•-úÕ-† Æœ-E-´÷ -¶«í∫’ç-C). ing you. When his father scolded him, he Eg: He says (to somebody - this is not î√®Ωçí¬ -Ö-†o)
- Lavanya, Palakollu. usually went away secretly to be alone. always necessary.) that he is not inter- 3. Miser = One who doesn't spend money
Q: Sir, "Rather than" -†’ -ᙫ -Ö°æ-ßÁ÷-Tç-î√-™ (¢√∞¡x Ø√†o ¢√úÕE Íééπ-™‰-Ææ’h-†o-°æ¤púø’, ¢√úø-éπ\úÕ ested in movies. He tells (me/ him/ even on necessities / Niggard (°œÆœ-EíÌ-ô’d).
†’ç* ûÁL-ߪ’-èπ◊çú≈ ´îËa-≤ƒhúø’, äçô-Jí¬ ÖçúËç- them/ somebody - this is compulsory) Eg: Someone stole the money the miser had
N´-Jç-îªç-úÕ. that he is not ..
A: 1) When we compare two things of differ-
ü¿’èπ◊.) hidden in a hole under his bed.
Q: He is getting busy - Please translate into 2) 'Say' is followed by 'to', but 'tell' is not ★ Miser X Spendthrift (-ü¿’-¶«®√í¬ -ê®Ω’a °-õ‰d)/
ent kinds, we use rather than in the com-
Telugu, and say why the underlined word followed by 'to'. liberal (-Ö-üΔ®Ω-¢Á’i-†)
parative degree.
is used here? Eg: He said to me/ somebody
Eg: a) I would rather walk than go by bus. 4. Credulous = Believing others too easily /
A: Åûª-EéÀ BJéπ Öçúøôç ™‰ü¿’. Get ÅÆæ©’ Å®Ωnç He told me / somebody.
b) He is rather industrious than intelli- Over-trusting -(á-´Í®-C -îÁ°œp-Ø√ -†-¢Ë’t-ô-ô’-´ç-öÀ/ -
§Òçü¿ôç. (Å®·ûË get †’ î√™« Å®√n-©ûÓ 3) 'Say' is not followed by the infinitive.
gent. ¢√úøû√ç.) (Eg: to go, to come, etc.) but 'tell' is fol-
Å-´÷-ߪ’èπ◊-úÁj-†)
Q: He will do it surely/ Surely he will do it - Eg: The girl was too credulous to understand
eg: Get sick / ill / a fever, etc., get somebody lowed by the infinitive: He said to me to
Which is correct? his deceitful (-¢Á÷Ææéπ®Ω-¢Á’i-†) nature.
on the phone / get angry / get to know go - Wrong. He told me to go - Right.
A: He will do it surely = His doing it is cer- (ûÁL-ߪ’úøç ¢Á·ü¿-©-´úøç), etc. É´Fo idiomatic ★ Credulous X Skeptical / suspicious.
4) 'Tell' is used to give an order. I tell (order)
tain (Åûªúø’ îË≤ƒhúø’ ûª°æpéπ üΔEo). uses of 'get'. you to go. 5. Grave = i) Serious and angry. (í∫ç-Hμ®Ωçí¬,
★ Surely he will do it = He is sure to do it Q: éÀçC ¢√é¬u-©†’ ÉçTx-≠ˇ™  ᙫ îÁ§ƒpL? ★ 'Say' is not used to give orders: These are éÓ°æçí¬ -Ö-†o). Eg: When I asked him how he
some of the important differences had spent my money, he became grave.
(éπ*a-ûªçí¬ Åûªúø’ üΔEo îË≤ƒhúø’). i) Fèπ◊ ûª©-ØÌ°œp ´*açüΔ?/ ´Ææ’hçüΔ?
Q: Have you been to the class? Is this cor- between 'say' and 'tell'. ii) A hole dug in the ground where a dead body
ii) †’´¤y Ç £‘«®Ó™« üμ¿Jç-î √´¤/ üμ¿Jç* ÖØ√o´¤.
rect? Q: When we use ''as = because"? is buried (Ææ-´÷-Cμ).
A: i) Have you a headache? Will you have
A: Correct. A: As = because. As/ because it is very hot ★ Grave X Trivial (-Åç-ûªí¬ °æ-öÀdç-éÓ-E/ -v§ƒ-´·-
/get a headache?
Q: It is used instead of a noun or a pronoun/ we do not want to go out. êuûª -™‰-E).
ii) You are dressed like that hero.
pronoun - Which is correct?
A: It is used instead of a noun/ a pronoun. - Laxmi, Rajole. additional sheets - Is this right? - Srinu, Medak.
Q: ¢√∞¡Ÿx î√™«-ÊÆ-°æ-ô’oç* áü¿’-®Ω’-îª÷Ææ÷h ÖØ√o®Ω’ - Q: Sir, please clarify the following doubts. He A: Is there any chance of your taking addition- Q: Sir, please clarify the following doubts.
They have been waiting for a long/ the is to have been at home / He has to have al sheets? - Correct Transitory freedom - Åçõ‰ Å®Ωnç àN’öÀ?
long time - Can the above be correct? been at home - Explain. Q: I am to give you the leave letter / I give you A: Temporary freedom.
A: The have been waiting for long/ for a long A: He is to have been at home = He should be the leave letter - -Ñ È®ç-úÕ-öÀéà -ûË-ú≈ -à-N’-öÀ?
Q: I am no more virtuous or self - sacrificing
time - Correct. at home NOW but perhaps he is not there A: i) I am to give you the leave letter = -ØË-†’
than the next man- Please translate into
Q: Ææ®˝, -F -îª-ü¿’-´¤ -á-™« ≤ƒí∫’-ûÓç-C -Å-E -Å-úøí¬-©ç-õ‰..
(É°æ¤púø’ Éçöx Öçú≈-Lq-†-ûª†’ •£æ›¨» Åéπ\úø
Telugu.
Fèπ◊ ÂÆ©´¤ <öà ɢ√yL.
1) How is your studies?
™‰úø’). ii) I give you the leave letter = ØË-†’ -Fèπ◊ ÂÆ©´¤
★ He was to have been at home = SOMETIME A: Éûª-®Ω’© éπçõ‰/ °æéπ\-†-¢√úÕ éπçõ‰ ØËØËO’ áèπ◊\´
2) How are your studies?- -Ñ È®ç-úÕ-öÀ-™  à-C <öà É≤ƒh†’.
IN THE PAST, he should have been at home Q: It wasn't a propitious time to start a new
í∫’ù-´ç-ûª’-úÕE í¬F û√uí∫-Q-LE í¬F é¬ü¿’.
éπÈ®é˙d? but perhaps he was not there. (í∫ûçª ™ á°æ¤púÓ Q: He was here / He had been here when you
A: The second sentence is correct. 'Studies' business - Please say in Telugu.
came / had come here. - Explain.
is plural, so 'are' is correct.
Éçöx Öçú≈-Lq-†û- †ª ’ Åéπ\úø ™‰ú°-ø pæ úø’). A: ¢√u§ƒ®Ωç v§ƒ®Ωç-Gμç-îª-ú≈-EéÀ ÉC ¨¡Ÿ¶μº-v°æ-ü¿-¢Á’i†/ °∂æ©-
Q: I always feel, I am young - Are these cor- A: He was here - Åûª-Eéπ\-úø -Éç-ûªèπ◊-´·ç-ü¿’ ÖØ√oúø’.
Q: Write the words reading/ reading them v°æ-ü¿-¢Á’i† Æ洒ߪ’ç é¬ü¿’.
(-É°æ¤p-úø’ -™‰-úø’-). Had been - í∫-ûªç-™- -äéπ-üΔ-Eéπç-õ‰
rect? Q: He is a jerk / prune -Åç-õ‰ -Å®Ωnç -à-N’-öÀ?
out = ®√Ææ÷h (°æüΔ©’) îªü¿-´çúÕ – îªü¿’-´¤-èπ◊çô÷
A: Correct. A: Jerk = A young man capable of attracting
-ÉçéÌéπ-öÀ -´·ç-üË -Öç-úÕ, È®ç-úÓ-C -ï-JÍí-üΔé¬ -Öç-úø-ôç
®√ߪ’çúÕ. -Ñ -Å-†’-¢√--ü¿ç éπ®ΩÍéd-Ø√?
Q: Please keep silent / silence - Please say the girls and after enjoying them leaves them
éÌ-†≤ƒ-T-ûË, -¢√-úË -´÷-ô. He had been here when
A: Correct. you came = Åûª†’ †’´¤y ®√éπ-´·çüË Ééπ\-úø’-
right one and translate into Telugu as well. (Çúø-°œx-©-©†’ ´©™ ¢ËÆæ’éÓí∫L-T, ¢√úø’-èπ◊E ´C-™‰-ÊÆ-
A: Please keep silent = E¨¡z-•lçí¬ ÖçúøçúÕ, ü¿ßª’-
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. ¢√úø’). Ø√oúø’, ´*a-†-°æ¤púø÷ Ééπ\úø ÖØ√oúø’.
îËÆœ. ★ Prune - a very unpleasant person. (ÅØ√£æ…x- Q: öà «x-J-§Ú-ûª’çC. -D-Eo -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ-™  -á-™« -îÁ-§ƒp-L?
www.eenadupratibha.net Q: Is there any enhance of your / yours taking ü¿éπ®Ω-¢Á’i-† -´uéÀh). A: 1) The tea has gone cold.
-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 19 -°∂œ-v•-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 3
- B.Ramakrishna, Southmopur. 2) Weather = the condition of heat, cold, sunshine, cloudi-
Q: Sir, what is the difference between the following words? ness, wind, rain etc. on a day.
★ Whether = used to express a choice between two things.
1. Advise, Advice 2. Weather, Whether
3. Alter, Altar 4. Bare, Bear Eg: I do not know whether to stay here or go home.
5. Whole, Hole 6. Prey, Pray 3) Alter = Change.
★ Altar = a sacred place in a church / a temple where holy
A: 1) 'Advise' is a verb, and 'advice' is a noun. Advise =
give advice. things are kept.
4) Bare = i) Naked / nude ii) Without (covering, leaves,
928
etc. The cyclone left the trees bare).
★ Bear = tolerate
5) Whole = complete / entire. O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
★ Hole = a place dug in the earth. -≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
6) Prey = An animal that is killed and eaten as food by Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
another animal. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
Eg: The deer is the prey to the tiger.
★ Pray = Request / ask God for something you want. Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

- M. Suresan
Writer
'Second to none' -Åç-õ‰..?
- Kantipudi Kameswara Rao - Reddi Srihari, K. Madhavi. - T. Murali Krishna
Q: Sir, could you please explain about "no Q: Sir, please tell me the sentences with
Q: Is it correct to write that "The Govt College
longer" in Telugu. 'strong' and 'notorious' as verbs.
is remain closed tomorrow on account of
A: No longer = Éé𠙉ü¿’ Eg: He is no longer A: 'Strong' and 'notorious' tell us about the
DEEPAVALI - Some one says that we
my friend = Åûª†’ Ø√ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’úø’ ÉçÈéçûª quality of a person or a thing, they are
should not use "remain closed" for educa- adjective, and are never used as verbs.
tional Institutions, clarify.
´÷vûªç é¬ü¿’.
Q: Could you please translate the following ★ The verb form of 'strong' is strengthen (=
A: 'is remained / remain closed' / 'will remain make something strong).
sentence into English.
close' are all wrong grammatically. Eg: The support he had from his friends A: I am to attend a meeting - Somebody has
'Remain closed' means it has already been
'-ØË-†’ -Ñ -N-≠æ-ߪ÷-Eo -¶«Æˇ -ü¿%-≠œdéÀ -BÆæ’èπ◊-E -¢Á-∞«h-†’— strengthened him.
A: I will take this to the notice of the boss. ordered you to attend the meeting (á´®Ó
closed and will continue to be closed. So, ★ There is no verb form for 'notorious'.
Q: Sir, how could we write this sentence into É*a† Çñ«c†- ’-≤ƒ®Ωç ؈’ O’öÀçí- ˚èπ◊ £æ…ï-®Ω¢- √yL).
it is better to say, 'The college will be ★ Notorious = To be well-known for bad
passive voice. "Someone stole my book ★ I have to attend the meeting - You are
closed tomorrow on account of Deepavali'. things. Eg: He is a notorious murderer.
from my bag". attending the meeting because it is your
★ The best of them all is, 'Tomorrow will be a Q: Let me know the difference between
A: My book was stolen by someone from my 'itself' and 'itself it is'. And please explain duty / somebody's order / your necessity.
holiday on account of Deepavali'. bag. different usages of 'itself'. (NCμí¬/ á´-JüÓ Ç- ï- c¢’Ë ®- Ωèπ◊/ ´’† Å´-Æ®æ Ωç ´©x).
A: It is not 'itself it is'. The correct form is, Q: Sir, Principal, éÀ Principle ´
- ’-ü¿μu û- ú-Ë ≈- à- N- ’-ö?À
- A. Manikanta, R. Hari
'By itself it is' = Just that. A: Principal = i) Main (person) ii) The orig-
Q: Sir, let me know the difference between Eg: By itself it is enough for us to travel inal amount as a loan iii) The head of a
Amid and Amidst. all the way = Ñ v°æߪ÷ùç îËߪ’-ú≈-EéÀ college iv) The important / senior person
A: Amid = Amidst ÅC ÆæJ-§Ú-ûª’çC. in a group.
Q: "Awaiting for worthy academic discus- Q: What is the difference between I am to ★ Principle = A rule or belief that a person
sions. May it be possible ever?" - In the attend a meeting and I have to attend a follows. Eg: Mahatma Gandhi followed
above sentence is it correct to use "may" meeting? - Explain with examples the principle of truth and non-violence.
for questioning? Instead can we use
"can"? - Please explain sir. 5. Nag 6. Henpeck
A: Awaiting is not followed by 'for'. Wait for A: 1) Shoot from the hip - To act / react sud-
= await. I am waiting for his reply = I am
awaiting his reply.
denly without thinking of the conse-
quences. (°æ®Ωu-´-≤ƒ-Ø√©’ Ç™-*ç-îª-èπ◊çú≈ Vocabulary
★ The correct form of your sentence is: ¢ÁçôØË àüÁj-Ø√ îËÊÆ-ߪ’úøç). 1. Distinct = Clear/ different (Ææp≠æd-¢Á’i†/ ûËú≈
'Waiting for/ awaiting worthy discussions. 2) Second to none = ÅCy-B-ߪ·úø’/ á´-Jéà ֆo)
May it be possible ever?' is OK. The per- BÆœ-§ÚE ¢√úø’. Examples:
son putting the question doubts whether 3) Stand by = a) àüÁjØ√ ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’çõ‰ °æéπ\† 1) Though they are twins, they appear
the discussion will ever take place. E©-•úÕ vÊ°éπ~-éπ-§ƒ-vûª-´-£œ«ç-îªúøç. distinct (¢√∞¡Ÿx éπ´-©-™„j-†p-öÀéà ûËú≈í¬ éπE-°œ- iv) A regular article that appears in a
- SaiKiran Sutari b) Å´-Ææ-®Ω-¢Á’i-†-°æ¤púø’ äéπ-JéÀ ûÓúø’í¬ E©-•-úø-ôç. ≤ƒh®Ω’). newspaper/ a magazine. (äéπ ¢√®√h-°æ-vA-éπ-
Q: Sir, please explain the following in c) ´’† Çü¿-®√z-©†’ -´-ü¿’-©’éÓèπ◊ç-ú≈ Öçúøôç. 2) I am getting a distinct smell of coffee ™E/ éπü∑Δ-Ææç-*-éπ-™E ´·êu QJ{éπ).
Telugu? 4) Fittest = Åûªuçûª Å®Ω’|-úÁj† here (Ééπ\úø Ææp≠ædçí¬ é¬°∂‘ ¢√Ææ† ´≤ÚhçC).
Eg: Antaryami is a regular feature on the
1. Shoot from the hip 2. Second to none 5) Nag = †Ææ-°-ôdúøç/ ¢ËCμç-îªúøç Distinct × Vague / unclear (ÅÆæp-≠d-¢ æ Á’i†) editorial page of the Eenadu daily.
3. Stand by 4. Fittest 6) Henpeck = ¶μ«®Ωu©’ ¶μº®Ωh-©†’ †Ææ-°-ôdúøç Eg: I have a vague idea of his address
3. Likeness = Similarity.
(ÅûªE -E-¢√Ææç í∫’Jç* Ø√éπçûª Ææp≠æd-¢Á’i† Eg: The likeness between the brothers is
Å´-í¬-£æ«† ™‰ü¿’). so much that I often mistake one for
- G. Navya. - Anil, Guntur. 2. Feature = i) Characteristic (©éπ~ùç)
the other.
Q: Sir, can you please translate it into English. Eg: An important feature of his character
Q: Sir, please translate these Telugu words Likeness × Dissimilarity
'-´’-üμ¿u-´’-üμ¿u-™ -ûÁ-©’í∫’ -´÷-ö«x-úÕ-Ø√ -ûÁ-©’í∫’ -´÷-ö«x-úÕ- into English. is his kindness (ÅûªE Q©ç ´·êu ©éπ~ùç
4. Plunder = Rob/ sack (éÌ©x-íÌ-ôdúøç)
1) -N-îªa-© -N-úÕ 2) -ßÁ÷í∫Íé ~-´÷-©’
†-ô’x -Öç-úøèπÿ-úø-ü¿’.— ÅûªE ü¿ßª’).
A: Even if you speak in the middle, it should ii) A characteristic of land (äéπ Eg: Muhammed Gory and other Muslim
3) -E°æ¤p-©’ í∫éπ\-úøç 4) í∫-©xç-ûª’ -Å-´y-úøç
v°æüË-¨¡°æ¤ ØÁjÆæ-
not look you are speaking Telugu. J_éπ Ææy®Ω÷°æç). invaders plundered India
A: 1) -N-îªa-© -N-úÕí¬ = Licence / License Plunder × Restore
Q: Sir, please tell the differences between the Eg: The Himalayas are an important fea-
(American) / unrestricted freedom 5. Scant = Scanty = very little (î√™« ûªèπ◊\-¢Áj†)
following sentences. ture of India (--£œ«-´÷-©-ߪ÷-©’ ¶μ«®Ω-ûª-üË-¨¡°æ¤
2) ßÁ÷í∫Íé ~-´÷-©’ = Well being Eg: I have scant respect for people who
When did you come? ØÁjÆæ-J_éπ Ææy®Ω÷-°æç™ ´·êu Å稡ç).
3) -E°æ¤p-©’ í∫éπ\-úøç = Spitting fire iii) The part of a face of a person (´·ê do not keep their promises.
When did you came! éπ´-
4) í∫-©xç-ûª’ -Å-´y-úøç = Vanish / disappear Scant × Abundant/ plenty (áèπ◊\-´í¬ Ö†o/
A: When did you came? - Wrong. When did -Réπ)
Eg: His pointed nose is an important fea-
you come? - Correct. When you use the
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ..
N≤ƒh-®Ω-¢Á’i†)
past simple (V2) in a question, it becomes ture of his face (ÅûªE é̆-üË-J† ´·èπ◊\ Eg: There is abundant variety of fish in
'did + V1) www.eenadupratibha.net ÅûªE ´·êu ´·ê ©éπ~ùç). the Kolleru Lake.
-Ç-C¢√®Ωç 26 -°∂œ-v•-´-J 2017 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2
- Rama Thanmaya

Q: Sir, please explain how can we say the following sen-


tences in English.
1) -†-úø’ç °æ-õ‰dÆœç-C
2) -¶Ô-ô’d °-ô’déÓ-™‰-ü¿’ -áç-ü¿’èπ◊?
3) Pencil -E Ææ-Jí¬_ (sharp) -îÁèπ◊\.
4) -üË-´¤-úÕéÀ éÌ-•s-Jé¬-ߪ’ éÌ--ö«d-¢√?
5) -ûª-†’ -Ø√ °æ¤Ææhéπç -§ÚíÌ-öÀdç-C. 929
6) -ï-úø-¢Ë-ߪ’-úøç -äéπ -Ç®˝d
Q: Sir, when will 'had had' is used? And can I use "has" to
A: 1) I have a sprained waist. plural forms? - Explain with examples. O’ -v°æ-¨¡o-©’ °æç-§ƒ-Lq-† -*®Ω’-Ø√-´÷...
2) Why don't you have dot on your forehead? A: 'Has' is used only for the subjects, He / she / it. 'Had
3) Sharpen the pencil properly.
-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ, -v°æ-A-¶μº -N-¶μ«í∫ç,
had' is used when somebody had something before they Ñ-Ø√--úø’ 鬮√u-©-ߪ’ç, - ®√-¢Á÷-@ °∂œ-™¸t Æœ-öÃ,
4) Did you offer a coconut to God? had something else. -Å-Ø√-ñ ¸°æ‹®˝, ®Ωçí¬È®-úÕf ->-™«x.
5) She lost my book. Eg: He had had a bike before he bought this car.
6) Plaiting hair is an art. (Ñ é¬®Ω’ éÌØË-´·çü¿’ Åûª-EéÀ ¶„jé˙ ÖçúËC.) Email your questions to: pratibhadesk@eenadu.net

Writer

- M. Suresan

- Bhavaghni Guptha D.
He is so laid-back...!
★ Had been - Used for two past states of being, - Sandeep Kuntala
Q: Sir, in which cases we have to use "has, has
been, had, had been, could have been,
one before the other. Eg: He had been a
minister before he was a governor.
Q: †©’-í∫’-J™ E©-D-ߪ’-ú≈Eo ÉçTx-≠ˇ™ à´’ç-ö«®Ω’?- Vocabulary
★ Could have been = Had the ability to be
ÖüΔ£æ«®Ω-ù-©-ûÓ -N-´-Jç-îªí∫-©®Ω’.
would have been, should have been?" - Is A: Confront someone in public.
there any time sense for these auxiliary something, but was not (í∫ûªç™ Öçúø-í∫-LÍí ¢√úË
Eg: I confronted him publicly with his
verbs? - Please clarify. é¬F ™‰úø’.)
wrong doings.
A: Has - (he, she, it) possesses. ★ Would have been = Was supposed to be in
the past, but was not. Eg: He would have Q: Sir, translate below sentences into English.
Eg: i) He / she has a car. 1) ûª† ´÷ô N†-í¬ØË °æôd-®√E éÓ°æç/ -Ç-ví∫£æ«çûÓ
been here (ÖçúË-¢√úË é¬F ™‰úø’.)
ii) A car (it) has four wheels.
★ Should have been = Expected to be but not. ûª† ûª© °æí∫-©-íÌ-ö«dúø’.
★ Has been - i) Being here at a time not men- 2) ¢√Rx-ü¿l®Ω÷
tioned in the past, (í∫ûªç™ à Ææ´’-ߪ’ç™ ÅE
(Öçú≈-LqçC, é¬F ™‰ü¿’). Eg: He should have vÊ°N’ç--èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o-®ΩE ûÁL-ߪ’-í¬ØË °æôd-
been here yesterday itself. (Åûªúø’ E†o-öÀÍé ®√E éÓ°æçûÓ ®ΩT-L-§Ú-ߪ÷úø’.
1. Denounce = Condemn / Criticize some-
îÁ°æp-èπ◊çú≈ Öçúø-ö«Eo ûÁL-Ê°C.) 3) ûª† °Rx-îª÷-°æ¤© ®Óñ‰ ¢√∞¡x Ø√†oE ä°œpç-îËç-ü¿’èπ◊
one strongly in public.
Ééπ\úø Öçú≈-LqçC é¬F ™‰úø’.)
ii) Being at a place from something in the
Q: Sir, I am pretty confused in using preposi- ¢√Rxç-öÀéÀ ¢Á∞«xúø’.
past till now / even now (éÌçûªé¬©ç †’ç* Eg: We denounce very strongly the cor-
tions. So please help out when to use what A: 1) He got wild when he heard this and
rupt nature of Indian politicians and
É°æp-öÀ-´-®Ωèπ◊ Öçúøôç.) kind of prepositions. broke the head of the other man.
iii) 'Being' here just now if you use the bureaucrats.
A: There are no rules for the use of preposi- 2) He was wild with rage when he heard
word just / just now. (Just / just now ûÓ Denounce × Praise
tions. You can know it mostly by reading that they were in love with each other.
2. Laid-back = Relaxed in manner / not
¢√úÕûË É°æp-öÀ-´-®Ωèπ◊ Ééπ\-úË Öçúøôç.) and speaking. Any good grammar book will 3) On the very day of his meeting the girl
★ Had = Possessed sometime in the past. easily worried.
give you an idea of which preposition to be proposed for him, he will go to his
Eg: He had a car till two years ago. used where. beloved's house to convince her father. Eg: I have never seen him worried about
anything. He is so laid-back.
- Anish Mannam, Naresh Amera. 2) Sobriety = i) Not being drunk. Laid-back × Tense
3. Muscle = One of the many tissues of the
Eg: We can discuss the matter with him
Q: Sir, please say the difference between pri- body which helps us to move our body
marily and basically, explain with sentence. because he is in a state of sobriety.
parts. Stomach muscles/ facial muscles
A: Primarily = basically. ii) Being calm, serious and balanced.
etc.
Eg: i) Primarily / basically most computers Eg: He maintains sobriety even in difficul-
Eg: Because of constant exercise he has
are used for storing information. ties.
developed powerful muscles.
ii) Primarily / basically he is a Telugu 3) Intrigue = i) Plan secretly to do something (Muscular = Having strong muscles)
scholar. wrong. Muscle × Weak
Q: Sir, please tell me about punctuation marks middle of a sentence. Eg: Terrorists are planning intrigues with 4. Notion = Belief / idea.
clearly. Q: Sir, please help me in putting these words the local anti-Indian people to disturb
Eg: There is a notion that violence in
A: The important punctuation marks are.. in different types of sentences and also the peace in Kashmir.
movies encourage the young to be
i) The full stop used at the end of a sentence explain. ii) To arouse the interest of a person. violent.
/ after each letter in an abbreviation. 1. Prima facie 2. Sobriety 3. Intrigue Eg: His actions are quite intriguing. Notion × Reality
ii) The comma, to separate a number of A: 1) Prima facie = Based on the first impres- Q: Sir, I can't understand the use of "get" in 5. Lenient = Not as strict as expected (pun-
words in a list. sion, and accepted as correct till it is English please explain about it. ishment).
iii) Quotations or inverted commas to say proved wrong. Eg: There is a prima facie A: Get has a number of meanings. Refer to Eg: The judge let the guilty off with a
exactly what someone has said. evidence to show that this man has com- any good English Dictionary. You can get lenient punishment.
iv) The dash used in place of brackets. mitted a murder (= all evidence shows there the different meanings of 'get' and Lenient × Severe/ strict
v) The semicolon to indicate a stop in the that he has committed the murder). how it is used.

- Srinivas, Ashoka 4. ÖØ√o¢√? §Úߪ÷¢√? 5. Åçû√ ´’† ´’ç*Íé - SaiKiran Sutari 4) Stereotype = An idea, especially a
wrong one about what someone / some-
Q: Sir, please say how to use 'on which, for A: 1. Catch word / catch phrase Q: Sir, please explain the following in Telugu.
thing is like (á´-È®jØ√/ àüÁjØ√ ᙫ Öçú≈-©ØË
which, in which' in a sentence. Explain 2. No exact word in English for this. We 1. Logistics 2. Hypocrisy
with examples.
ûª°æ¤p ¶μ«´†).
can say flour cookies. 3. Unmatched 4. Stereotype 5) Predominantly = Mostly or mainly
A: Which = a) This is the table on which I 3. Is anybody in? 5. Predominantly
kept the books. b) This is the book for
(´·êuçí¬)
4. Are you here or gone? A: 1) Logistics = The activity of transporting Q: Sir, what is the best book of learning
which I am searching. c) This is the box in goods to customers (®Ω¢√ù«).
5. All is for our good / Everything is for our English completely with Telugu explana-
which I kept the books.
good / Whatever happens is for our good 2) Hypocrisy = Saying and doing the oppo- tion?
Q: Sir, could you please translate the follow- site of what someone really believes A: There are a number of books, but you can
ing Telugu words, phrases into English?
1. Üûª-°æü¿ç 2. °œçúÕ-´ç-ô©’
'-≤ÚpÈé-Ø˛ -Éç-Tx-≠ˇ— §ƒ-ûª Ææç-*éπ-© éÓÆæç -îª÷-úøç-úÕ.. (îÁÊ°pC †¢Ë’tC äéπöÀ, îËÊÆC üΔEéÀ N®Ω’ü¿l¥-¢Á’iç- learn English only by studying / reading
C). English story books, and newspapers and
3. Éçöx á´-È®jØ√ ÖØ√o®√? www.eenadupratibha.net 3) Unmatched = Unequalled (ÅÆæ-´÷-†-¢Á’i†) watching English news telecasts.