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Tarek Hossain

B.Sc (hons), M.S (thesis), M.Phil, PhD Fellow, Physics, SUST.

Lecturer of Sylhet Agricultural University.

Part-time Lecturer of Sylhet Engineering & BBIS.

Former Lecturer North East & Metropolitan University, Sylhet.

Mobile no : 01722-266757, 01914-826767

1. (a) The golf club hits the stationary ball of mass 0.045 kg and applies an average force of 2700 N.

(i) Calculate the acceleration of the golf ball due to this force. (1)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(ii) The golf club applies the force for 0.0012 s. Show that the velocity of the ball as it leaves the club is about

70 m/s. (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(iii) Calculate the change of momentum of the ball during this 0.0012 s. (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(iv) List two forces which act on the ball after it leaves the club. (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(v) Add two arrows to the diagram below to show the direction and line of action of each of the forces named

above. Label the arrows 1 and 2.

2. The diagram shows an arrangement which can be used to test the strength of a fabric. A sample of the fabric

is placed between a fixed surface and a clamp. The clamp is attached to a pivoted beam. By adding sand to the

container a stretching force is applied by the clamp to the fabric.

(a) The force applied by the sand and container is 60 N. Calculate the moment of this force about the pivot. (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(b) Calculate the stretching force applied by the clamp to the fabric. (Assume that the weight of the beam and

clamp is negligible.) (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(c) State and explain how your answer to (b) would be affected if the weight of the beam was not negligible.

(2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(d) Give two ways in which the stretching force applied to the fabric could be increased using the same amount

of sand. (2)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(e) A picture in the student’s textbook shows two fishermen using a pole to carry some fish.

Use ideas about moments to explain why fisherman A feels the larger force. (3)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

(f) Some cars have a pedestrian airbag for safety. If a pedestrian is hit and lands on the front of the car, the

airbag inflates. Use ideas about momentum to explain how this airbag can reduce injuries to pedestrians.

(5)

....................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................

3. A man uses a uniform plank to lift a block.He holds the plank horizontal.

(b) (i) State the equation linking moment, force and perpendicular distance from the pivot. (1)

(ii) Calculate the clockwise moment of the block about the pivot. (2)

moment = ........................................ Nm

(c) Calculate the force of the man pushing down on the plank. (4)

force = ........................................ N

4. A teacher attaches a tape to a trolley. The tape passes through a ticker-timer which makes a dot on the tape

every 0.020 seconds. He sets the trolley in motion. Part of the tape from the experiment is shown below.

(a) (i) Count the number of spaces between dot A and dot B.

............................................................................................................................... ……………. (1)

(ii) Calculate the time, in seconds, that the trolley takes to travel the distance AB.

............................................................................................................................... ……………… (2)

(b) How can you tell from the tape that the trolley is travelling at constant speed?

.................................................................................................................................................. (1)

(c) Measure the distance AB in mm.

Distance = ............... mm (1)

(d) (i) Use your values of time and distance to determine the average speed of the

trolley. Give your answer to an appropriate number of significant figures and

.............................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................................

Speed =.......................... (3)

(ii) Justify the number of significant figures for your calculated value of speed.

....................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................... ……………………. (2)

(e) In a different experiment the student marks every tenth dot. These marked dots are shown below.

(i) Measure the smallest gap between two neighboring dots. Smallest gap =................. mm (1)

(ii) Measure the largest gap between two neighboring dots. Largest gap = ................... mm (1)

(iii) Describe the motion represented by this tape.

............................................................................................................................... (1)

(f) Using a tape the student is able to determine the speed of a trolley at different times.

His experiment produces the following data.

(i) On the grid, plot a graph of speed (y-axis) against time (x-axis). Draw the best straight line through your

plotted points. Label the axes of your graph on the dotted lines.

(ii) Give two reasons why the tape in (e) could be part of the student’s experiment.

1...........................................................................................................................................................................

2............................................................................................................................. ……………… (2)

2 A student is investigating how the extension of a spring varies when she changes the force stretching it. The

photograph shows how she sets up her experiment. The student has a ruler marked in centimeters. Each mass is

marked ‘100 g’. The student writes the following plan:

(a) Explain how the student could improve her plan to make her measurements more accurate.

..................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................................

(5)

(b) State, with a reason, a suitable safety precaution the student should take when carrying out her experiment. (1)

(c) Describe how the student should convert her measurements of mass into forces. (2)

...................................................................................................................................................

(d) The student plots a graph of force against extension. She finds that the spring obeys Hooke’s law. On the axes

below, sketch the line she gets. (1)

Total Marks= 60

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