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Md.

Tarek Hossain
B.Sc (hons), M.S (thesis), M.Phil, PhD Fellow, Physics, SUST.
Lecturer of Sylhet Agricultural University.
Part-time Lecturer of Sylhet Engineering & BBIS.
Former Lecturer North East & Metropolitan University, Sylhet.
Mobile no : 01722-266757, 01914-826767

Pre-Mock Test Chapter 21-26(First Times)


Name: Time: 1 hours

1. A spark counter is a type of detector of radiation.

Its action is shown above where a source is held near to an earthed metal grid. A wire is maintained at –5000 V.
The air between the grid and the wire is ionised and sparks are seen. This only occurs if the source is a few cm
from the grid or nearer.
(a) State two properties of alpha particles that suggest why the source is emitting alpha radiation.
1..........................................................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................................................
2........................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... (2)
(b) State two safety hazards associated with this experiment.
1...................................................................................................................................................................
2................................................................................................................................... …………............. (2)
(c) Name two other types of detector which can detect alpha radiation.
1.................................................................................................................................................................
2................................................................................................................................................................. (2)

Md Tarek Hossain (PhD Fellow) Mobile No: 01722-266757


2. Radioactive materials can be dangerous.
(a) Complete the sentence.
Radioactive materials can emit alpha particles,......................................... particles or.........................................
radiation. (1)
(b) The diagram shows a method for finding a gas pipeline. Some radioactive gas is
added to the pipeline. A worker has a Geiger-Muller tube and a counter. He can hear
the clicks from the counter.

(i) What happens to the frequency of the clicks when he gets above the pipeline?
............................................................................................................................... (1)
(ii) There are three types of radioactive emission but only one of them is suitable for use in the pipeline.
Which one is suitable?
............................................................................................................................... (1)
Why is this type of emission the only suitable one?
.........................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................... (1)
(c) Which part of the atom of a radioactive isotope emits radiation?
...................................................................................................................................... (1)
(d) State a danger to health of radioactive emissions.
...................................................................................................................................... (1)
(e) State a way in which people can protect themselves against radioactive emissions.
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... (1)
3. A technician measures the activity of a radioactive source. The activity is 400 Bq. After 20 minutes the
activity decreases to 100 Bq. (a) Calculate the half-life, in minutes, of the radioactive source.
...............................................................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................................................

Half-life =............................. minutes (2)


Md Tarek Hossain (PhD Fellow) Mobile No: 01722-266757
(b) Why is this source unsuitable for dating archaeological specimens?
...................................................................................................................................... (1)
(c) The technician continues measuring the activity from the source. The measured activity does not drop below
a certain value due to background radiation. Name two sources of background radiation.
1...................................................................................................................................
2................................................................................................................................... (2)
4. A physics teacher uses the apparatus shown in a demonstration to her class.

She moves the metal rod upwards and the voltmeter briefly shows a small reading.
(a) Why does the voltmeter show a reading?
...........................................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................... (3)
(b) A boy standing at the back of the class complains that he cannot read the voltmeter. Suggest two ways in
which the teacher could use the same apparatus to produce a bigger reading on the voltmeter.
1......................................................................................................................................................................
2................................................................................................................................... …………… (2)
5. The diagram shows part of a simple electric motor.

The motor is connected to a d.c. power supply.

Md Tarek Hossain (PhD Fellow) Mobile No: 01722-266757


(a) A student predicts that, when the motor is switched on, the coil will turn in a clockwise direction.
(i) Name the rule which the student could use to make this prediction.
............................................................................................................................... (1)

(ii) Explain how the rule shows that the coil will turn in a clockwise direction.
You may add to the diagram or draw another diagram to help you explain.
....................................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................... (2)

(iii) Suggest one change which would make the coil turn faster.
..................................................................................................................................................... (1)
(iv) Suggest one change which would make the coil turn in the opposite direction.
.................................................................................................................................................... (1)
(b) The diagram shows an electric motor lifting a load.

Use information from the diagram to answer the following questions.


(i) Calculate the useful work done in lifting the load 0.80 m, and include the unit.
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
................................................... Work done =.............................. (3)

(ii) How much useful energy was transferred to lift the load?
................................................................................................................................................ (1)
(iii) The total energy transferred by the electric motor was 6.0 J.
Suggest two reasons for the difference between this value and your answer to (ii).
1......................................................................................................................................................
2......................................................................................................................................... (2)
(c) Professor J A Fleming invented a rule to describe the directions involved in this effect.
It is known as Fleming’s left-hand rule. Complete the sentences.
Md Tarek Hossain (PhD Fellow) Mobile No: 01722-266757
The first finger points in the direction of the .................................... which is from ....................................
to..................................... The second finger points in the direction of the .................................... which is from
.................................... to..................................... The thumb points in the direction of the.....................................
(5)
(d) State two ways in which the force acting on the motor can be increased.
1............................................................................................................................................................
2................................................................................................................................... (2)
6. The diagram shows the inside of a gas-cooled nuclear reactor.

(a) What is the form of the main energy output from the reactor?
................................................................................................................................................... (1)
(b) Complete the sentence. The nuclear reaction which takes place in the reactor is an example of a
........................................ reaction. (1)
(c) Explain why the blocks are made of graphite.
.......................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... ……………. (2)

(d) Explain how the control rods are used in the normal operation of the reactor
....................................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................................... (2)

(ii) in an emergency.
....................................................................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................................. (2)

Md Tarek Hossain (PhD Fellow) Mobile No: 01722-266757


7. This question is about nuclear reactors.
In the process of nuclear fission a neutron collides with a uranium nucleus.
(a) Complete the sentences.
For each fission, two .............................. nuclei and .............................. neutrons are produced. If these neutrons
go on to collide with other uranium nuclei, a .............................. reaction occurs. The released neutrons have a
greater ............................................................than the original neutron. (4)
(b) (i) Describe the role of the moderator in a nuclear reactor.
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................... (2)

(c) What is nuclear fission? What is the result of nuclear fission?


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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (2)

(d) How can you measure the half life? Explain. (3)

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Total marks= 60

Md Tarek Hossain (PhD Fellow) Mobile No: 01722-266757