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ROCK DEVELOPMENT

MATERIALS SEDIMENTARY
Weathering Cemen- Solidi-
ON THE tation AND Meta- METAMORPHIC ROCKS MOLTEN fication IGNEOUS ROCKS
EARTH'S
Erosion DEPOSITS Hardening EXTRUSIVE morphism
Melting
Crystalli-
Transport ROCK zation plutonic rocks dyke rocks lava
CRUST ROCKS METAMORPHISM
low high

GLACIAL
DEPOSITS MORAINE TILLITE META-TILLITE
GNEISS M
RIVER META-
DEPOSITS GRAVEL CONGLOMERATE
CONGLOMERATE

particle size (mm)


GLACIOFLUVIAL 2 QUARTZ-

SANDSTONE
DEPOSITS SANDSTONE QUARTZITE QUARTZITE
SAND GRANITE GRANITE

acid
RHYOLITE
LACUSTRINE PORPHYRY

light
P

acid
DEPOSITS 0.06 ARKOSE ARKOSITE
SOILS GRANULITE
EOLIAN SILT

HORNFELS
QUARTZ- QUARTZ- GNEISS
DEPOSITS GREYWACKE
PHYLLITE SCHIST
AND 0.002 M GRANO- GRANODIORITE
DACITE

dark
MARINE CLAY
SLATE,
PHYLLITE
MICA- DIORITE P PORPHYRY
CLAYSCHIST SCHIST
ROCKS DEPOSITS
LIME-RICH LIMESCHIST, LIME- CALC- CALC-SILICATE M
MUD MARL SCHIST SCHIST

MARBLE
GNEISS
CARBONEOUS SYENITE SYENITE TRACHYTE
DEPOSITS LIMESCHIST, P PORPHYRY
LIME MARBLE MARBLE
DOLOMITE
PEAT, BROWN COAL, STONE- ANTRA-
ORGANIC SWAMP LIGNITE COAL GRAPHITE LATITE,
SITE MONZONITE MONZONITE
DEPOSITS PORPHYRY RHOMBIC- T
ORGANIC BLACK SCHIST GRAPHITE- P PORPHYRY

intermediate

intermediate
MUD (ALUM SCHIST) BLACKSCHIST
SCHIST U

M DIORITE DIORITE ANDESITE F


acid

light
A B C D RHYOLITE META-RHYOLITE PORPHYRY
P
A F
DACITE, -DACITE,
TRACHYTE, META -TRACHYTE, GNEISS M
LATITE -LATITE
G NEPHELINE- PHONOLITE

dark
SYENITE P

feltspatoidic
VOLCANIC LAVA ANDESITE META-ANDESITE
E M
Metamorphic rocks

Sedimentary rocks

DEPOSITS
basic

GREENSTONE M
BASALT AMPHIBOLITE
(GREENSCHIST) A
Igneous rocks

ECLOGITE ESSEXITE
volcanism

TEPHRITE
ULTRABASIC SERPENTINITE, SERPENTINITIC P
Deposits

LAVA DUNITE
TALC SCHIST ULTRABASITE
GREENSTONE ECLOGITE
ASH TUFF AMPHIBOLITE
(GREENSCHIST) M GABBRO DIABAS, BASALT
DOLERITE

basic
P

basic
META-PORPHYRY
GNEISS GRANITE

light
ANORTHO-
metamorphism of plutonic

MATERIALS -GRANO- SITE


ON THE
we
DIORITE,
META -SYENITE, GNEISS M
The geological cycle EARTH'S a
and dyke rocks

er ther
SURFACE tra osion ing, -MONZONITE
ns
po ,

dark
rt

ultrabasic
META-DIORITE DUNITE,
PERIDOTITE,
DE

M ULTRABASIC
PYROXENITE,
PO

A META-GABBRO, AMPHIBOLITE LAVA


D
ROC US

META-DIABAS
SIT

ECLOGITE
KS
O

S
IGNE

B C META-DUNITE
E META-PERIDOTITE
cementation,
hardening

SERPENTINITIC DUNITE
SERPENTINITE, ULTRABASITE
X TALC SCHIST,
solidific ation
crysta

SOAPSTONE
ism
E R TR Y

n
liz

SIV D EX TAR
ation,

lca MIGMATITE with supply


OC U-

M
KS

vo from primary magma

supply of primary
AN IMEN

magma from the


F

earth's interior
F
M

D
OL CK

SE
RO

P PEGMATITE
TE

Igneous rocks
N

ism
y ph
ar or
im e tam
pr th me
ltin META- me
y of from rior g
l e
pp a in
t MORPHIC
su agm th's
m ar ROCKS
e

Ref.: A.Palmstrom, 2007