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Name: __________________

CORE: _________
Polyatomic Ions & Multivalent Metals - NOTES

• We should know how to name ionic compounds:


1. Metal comes first
2. Non-metal comes second
3. Changing ending of non-metal to ide
• We should also know how to write ionic formulas:
1. Determine ion charges of atoms
2. Swap charges
3. Drop charges as subscript (number only!)

• Let’s talk about polyatomic ions!


• Polyatomic ions are ions made up of more than one ___________________.
§ They are made up of only one type of element: _____________________.
§ Instead of being neutral they have a ___________________ that can either be positive or
negative. That’s what makes it an ion!
§ Examples: NO3- is ___________________, NH4+ is ______________________

• Polyatomic ions can be treated like “non-metals” in producing ionic compounds:


§ They will bond with _______________ to create an ionic compound.
§ Charges on polyatomic ions will always be provided on your data page/booklet.
• Naming compounds with polyatomic ions:
1. _________________ comes first
2. Polyatomic ion comes second
Name: __________________
CORE: _________
§ Examples: potassium acetate – KCH3COO, magnesium phosphate – Mg3(PO4)2

• Writing formulas with polyatomic ions:


1. Determine charges for metal and polyatomic ion
2. Swap charges
3. Drop charges as subscript (numbers only!)
§ Subscripts for polyatomic ions are written outside a set of brackets!!!!
o Examples: Mg3(PO4)2, Be(OH)2, Co2(CO3)2
• Ammonium (NH4+) is a special case! It is a ____________________ charged polyatomic ion!
§ It can take the place of a ______________ in an ionic compound.
§ Examples: ammonium chloride – NH4Cl, ammonium sulfate – (NH4)2SO4

• Multivalent metals!
• Some metals have more than one charge…these are known as multivalent metals!
• Writing formulas with multivalent metals stay the same but it’s different when naming them!
1. Metal comes first followed by the ion charge bracketed in roman numerals
2. Non-metal come second – OR – polyatomic ion
3. Change ending to ide if non-metal
4. Examples: cobalt (III) oxide – Co2O3, lead (IV) fluoride – PbF4

• Roman numerals
Metal Ion Charge Roman Numeral
1+ I
2+ II
3+ III
4+ IV
5+ V
6+ VI
7+ VII
Polyatomic Ions & Multivalent Assignment Name: __________________
CORE: _________
DUE: Friday January 26, 2018 - counts for term 3 mark!!!
1. Explain why copper is able to form two different compounds with oxygen? What are the
compounds’ names and formulas?

2. Why are Roman numerals included in the names of multivalent metal ions?

3. What is a polyatomic ion?

4. How are parentheses (brackets) used in writing formulas containing polyatomic ions?
Part I. Write the chemical formulas for the following polyatomic ions.

1. Iron ( II) Hydroxide 2. Iron ( III) Phosphate 3. Calcium Carbonate

4. Magnesium Hydrogen Sulfate 5. Ammonium Nitrate 6. Cesium Sulfate

7. Titanium Carbonate 8. Ammonium C hloride 9. Ammonium Dihydrogen


Phosphate

1 0. Ammonium O xide 11. Copper ( I) Nitrate 1 2. Lithium Sulfate

1 3. Silver Phosphate 1 4. Rubidium Carbonate 1 5. Barium Bicarbonate

1 6. Hydrogen Sulfate 1 7. Hydrogen Thiosulfate 1 8. Magnesium Dichromate

1 9. Hydromium C hromate 20. Ammonium Silicate 21 . Hydronium O xalate

Part II. Write the chemical names for the following polyatomic ions.

22. C a( HC O ! ) 23. Fe( O H) ! 24. Zn( HSO " )

25. MgC O ! 26. Fr! PO " 27. Pb( HCO ! )

28. NH" Br 29. ( NH" ) ! PO ! 30. Ag SO "

31 . Ra( NO ! ) 32. Sc( HCO ! ) ! 33. Sr( HSO " )

34. Ti ! ( PO " ) 35. KO H 36. Ca( O H)

37. C aC O !
Writing and Naming Ionic Compounds with
Multivalent Metal Ions
(those are dashes btw...)
1. FeO – 21. Calcium hydroxide –

2. SnS2 – 22. Chromium (III) chloride –

3. PbSO4 – 23. Chromium (II) carbonate –

4. Cr 2 S 3 – 24. Silver sulphate –

5. Cu(NO3)2 – 25. Ammonium fluoride –

6. Fe 2 (SO 4 ) 3 – 26. Iron (III) dichromate–

7. SnF2 – 27. Lead (II) sulphide –

8. HgSO4 – 28. Copper (II) permanganate –

9. Cu 3 (PO 4 ) 2 – 29. Chromium (III) sulphate –

10. Mn(MnO4)2 – 30. Copper (II) fluoride –

11. Fe(OH)2 – 31. Chromium (III) hydrogen carbonate –

12. Pb(CrO4)2 – 32. Iron (III) phosphate –

13. CuCl – 33. Sodium sulphide –

14. MnO2 – 34. Lead (IV) chloride –

15. SnSO4 – 35. Copper (I) nitrate –

16. Fe(ClO3)2 – 36. Chromium (II) oxide –

17. PbBr2 – 37. Magnesium n it rat e–

18. Cu(HS)2 – 38. Calcium chromate –

19. Mn(CO3)2 – 39. Barium ph osph at e–

20. Pb(NO2)4 – 40. Tin (IV) sulphate –