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Works Cited

“Anesthesia.” ​Medlineplus.gov​, 23 Mar. 2016, medlineplus.gov/anesthesia.html. Accessed 10

Nov. 2017. Medlineplus.gov provided useful information on what anesthesia is and what

it does to make a person not feel pain. This website is trustworthy because the site has

won awards like the 2005 World Summit on the Information Society Awards for e-health.

Bacon, Douglas. “Anesthesia, Discovery of.” ​Dictionary of American History​, edited by Stanley

I. Kutler, 3rd ed., vol. 1, New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2003, pp. 184-85,

link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3401800197/UHIC?u=farm91674&xid=3fd5c4d4.

Accessed 31 Oct. 2017. Gale provided useful information about other professional people

who competed against Horace Wells in the discovery of inhaled anesthesia

Gamsjager, Thomas, compiler. ​Horace Wells on Nitrous Oxide​. CreateSpace Independent

Publishing, 2013. ​Horace Wells on Nitrous Oxide ​is useful because it provided

information on Wells view on who made the discovery of inhaled anesthesia. This book

is a primary source because it contains writings from Horace Wells.

Haridas, Rajesh P. “Horace Wells’ Demonstration of Nitrous Oxide in Boston.” ​Anesthesiology​,

ASA Publications, Nov. 2013,

anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1918086. Accessed 14 Nov. 2017.

Anesthesiology provided useful information on what different people in Wells life

thought of his discovery of nitrous oxide. The website is trustworthy because it is the

official journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. This article is a primary

source because it contains newspaper sections from the time Wells announced his

discovery and writings from important people in his life.


“Horace Wells Discovers Pain-free Dentistry.” ​Connecticuthistory.org​, Connecticut Humanities,

11 Dec. 2015, connecticuthistory.org/horace-wells-discovers-pain-free-dentistry/.

Accessed 30 Oct. 2017. Connecticuthistory.org provided information on who Horace

Wells was and a general idea of what he did that made him an important person.

McCain, Diana Ross. ​It Happened in Connecticut​. Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. ​It happened in

Connecticut ​was useful because it provided information about how Horace Wells

attempted to introduce inhaled anesthesia to the world and some of the conflicts he faced.

“Modern Anesthesia Is Developed.” ​Science and Its Times​, edited by Neil Schlager and Josh

Lauer, vol. 5, Detroit, Gale, 2001. ​U.S. History in Context​,

link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2643450523/UHIC?u=farm91674&xid=e7f757cc.

Accessed 8 Nov. 2017. Gale provided useful information about the history for anesthesia

and what they used to compensate for not having it.