0 Up votes0 Down votes

9 views13 pagesMehran_Kardar]_statistical_physics__of_particles

Jan 24, 2018

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

Mehran_Kardar]_statistical_physics__of_particles

© All Rights Reserved

9 views

Mehran_Kardar]_statistical_physics__of_particles

© All Rights Reserved

- PARKER, Ian. Revolution in Psychology - Alienation to Emancipation.pdf
- articulo publicado.pdf
- Classical Statistics
- fisika_statistik
- The Psychology of Revolution
- MIT8 044S14 Practexam1 03
- Jaynes - 1992 - The Gibbs Paradox
- Quantum reading capacity.pdf
- MIT8_044S14_exam2_04.pdf
- Copy of Gustav Le Bon
- Berkeley Vol4
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2008
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2009
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2010
- Phys4302 Exam I Spring 2012
- Phys4302 Exam I Spring 2013
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2007
- Phys4302 Exam II Spring 2012
- Phys4302 Exam II Spring 2013
- Phys4302 Exam II Spring 2014

You are on page 1of 13

Useful constants

Gas constant R 8.31J/ (K · mol)

Boltzmann constant kB 1.38·10−23 J/K

Avogadro number NA 6.02·1023 mol−1

Speed of light c 300·106 m/s

1

(25P) Problem 1

1. (2P) Find the entropy of rolling an octahedral and a dodecahedral “die”, respectively.The entropy

S reads

n

X 1

S = kB pi ln ,

i=1

pi

where pi is the probability that the system is in the i-th microstate, and n is the total number

of the microstates. For the octahdral “die” one finds pi = 1/8 and n = 8, yielding S = kB ln 8 .

For the dodecahedral “die” one finds pi = 1/12 and n = 12, yielding S = kB ln 12 .

2. (1P) How does the phase space density of a microcanonical ensemble in equilibrium change with

time? The phase space density of the microcanonical ensemble is constant in equilibrium.

3. (2P) Which are the units of the micro-canonical and the grand-canonical partition function,

respectively? The partition functions are dimensionless, they are the number of states, in the

microcanonical case, those which are compliant with a certain energy, in the grand-canonical

case, weighted by the dimensionless Boltzmann factor.

(b) canonical ensemble ?N, V, T number of particles, volume, temperature

(c) grand-canonical ensemble?µ, V, T chemical potential, volume, temperature

5. (1P) How does the heat capacity of a classical ideal monoatomic gas depend on temperature?

Cv = 23 N kB no temperature dependence.

6. (1P) Which thermodynamic potential is constant during a Joule-Thomson process? Enthalpy

H

7. (2P) Express the heat capacity at constant volume CV and the heat capacity at constant

pressure CP as a second derivative of an

appropriate

thermodynamic

2 potential

(N =const)

∂Q dS ∂ F

since ∂F

heat capacity at constant volume CV = ∂T = T dT V = −T ∂T 2 ∂T V,N =

V,N V,N

−S (N, p, T )

∂Q dS ∂2G ∂G

heat capacity at constant pressure Cp = ∂T = T dT p = −T ∂T 2 since ∂T p,N =

p,N p,N

−S (N, p, T )

1. (2P) What is the qualitative difference between the phase diagram of water and that of a “normal

substance”, e.g. carbon dioxide? The volume of solid water is larger than that of liquid water

at most temperatures. Hence, the melting curve has a negative slope, whereas it has a positive

slope for CO2.

2. (3P) Write down the total differential for the Helmholtz Free energy ? The Helmholtz free

energy A dependes on number of particles N , volume V , and temperature T , hence

∂A ∂A ∂A

dA = dN + dV + dT

∂N ∂V ∂T

= µdN − P dV − SdT

2

3. (4P) Which quantities are intensive: volume, temperature, particle number, pressure, entropy?

Temperature, pressure.

4. (3P) Sketch the isotherms for the van der Waals equation in a P, V (pressure,Volume) dia-

gram for temperature T > Tc , T = Tc , and T < Tc where T C is the critical temperature.

5. (1P) What is the maximal occupation number of an energy level in an ideal Fermi gas? One for

each spin level, or two if spin is not considered.

3

(25P) Problem 2

Consider a system of N ideal gas particles with mass m at a temperature T . The mean pressure is P .

Ng gas particles move freely in a volume V = L3g . Another Ns ideal gas particles are absorbed on a

surface with area L2s , forming a two-dimensional gas and N = Ng + Ns . The energy of an absorbed

2

particle is ε = |p|

2m − ε0 where p is the two-dimensional momentum and ε0 is the binding energy per

particle.

1. (6P) Calculate the classical partition functions of the free gas Zg and of the adsorbed gas Zs .

The particles are indistinguishable. In continuous space

ˆ

X V

≈ 3 d3 p (1)

p

h

Such that ˆ

V

Z (1) ≈ 3 d3 p exp [−βεp ] (2)

h

p2

Plugging in βεp = 2mkB T and integrating over the sphere

ˆ

p2

V 2

Z (1) = 3 4π dp · p exp − (3)

h 2mkB T

p2

We now substitute x2 = 2mkB T and obtain a standard integral

ˆ ∞

V 3

dx · x2 exp −x2

Z (1) = 3 4π (2mkB T ) 2 (4)

h −∞

| {z }

1√

4 π

such that

V 3

Zg (1, V, T ) = 3

(2πmkB T ) 2 (5)

h

V Ng

Zg (Ng , V, T ) = (6)

Ng !λ3Ng

L2s

Ns ε 0

Zs (1, V, T ) = (2πmkB T ) · exp (7)

h2 kB T

L2N

s N ε

s 0

Zs (Ns , V, T ) = · exp (8)

Ns !λ2N kB T

3N2 g

V Ng 2πmkB T

Zg =

Ng ! h2

2N

Ls 2Ng 2πmkB T 2

Ns ε 0

Zs = · exp

Ns ! h2 kB T

2. (4P) Find an expression for the Gibbs free energies Gg and Gs of the free and the absorbed gas,

respectively, using the partition functions from above.

G = A + P V = −kB T ln Z + N kB T

4

where we have used the ideal gas law P V = N kB T. Hence

Ng

3N2 g

V 2πmk B T

Gg = −kB T ln + Ng kB T

Ng ! h2

V Ng

3Ng 2πmkB T

= −kB T ln + ln + Ng k B T

Ng ! 2 h2

3Ng 2πmkB T

= −kB T ln V N − ln Ng ! + ln + Ng kB T

2 h2

3Ng 2πmkB T

≈ −kB T ln V N − Ng ln Ng − Ng + ln + Ng kB T

2 h2

3 2πmkB T

= −Ng kB T ln V − ln Ng + ln

2 h2

Ng 3 2πmkB T

= Ng kB T ln − ln

V 2 h2

" N #

L2N

s

s

2πmkB T Ns ε 0

Gs = −kB T ln · exp + Ns kB T

Ns ! h2 kB T

Ls 2Ns

2πmkB T Ns ε 0

= −kB T ln + Ns ln + + Ns k B T

Ns ! h2 kB T

2Ns 2πmkB T Ns ε 0

= −kB T ln Ls − ln Ns ! + Ns ln + + Ns kB T

h2 kB T

2N 2πmkB T Ns ε0

≈ −kB T ln Ls − Ns ln Ns − Ns + Ns ln + + Ns k B T

h2 kB T

2πmkB T ε0

= −Ns kB T ln L2s − ln Ns + ln +

h2 kB T

Ns 2πmkB T ε0

= Ns kB T ln 2 − ln −

Ls h2 kB T

3. (4P) Find the chemical potentials µg and µs of the free and the absorbed gas, respectively. The

G ∂G

chemical potential is the Gibbs free energy per particle µ = N or also µ = ∂N p,T

. Hence,

V 3 2πmkB T

µg = −kB T ln + ln

Ng 2 h2

and

L2

2πmkB T ε0

µs = −kB T ln s + ln +

Ns h2 kB T

4. (4P) At temperature T , the free gas particles and the absorbed gas particles are in equilibrium.

Calculate the mean number of gas particles absorbed per unit area in terms of of the given

conditions (temperature pressure, ...) In equilibrium, the two chemical potentials are equal

µg = µs

L2s

V 3 2πmkB T 2πmkB T ε0

−kB T ln + ln = −kB T ln + ln +

Ng 2 h2 Ns h2 kB T

L2s

V 3 2πmkB T 2πmkB T ε0

ln + ln = ln + ln + (9)

Ng 2 h2 Ns h2 kB T

5

We are interested in the number of particles per area, i.e. solving for LN2 :

s

L2s

2πmkB T ε0 V 3 2πmkB T

− ln = ln + − ln − ln

Ns h2 kB T Ng 2 h2

1 2πmkB T ε0 V

= − ln 2

+ − ln

2 h kB T Ng

1

h2

Ns Ng 2

ε0

ln 2 = ln + ln +

Ls V 2πmkB T kB T

2

12

Ns Ng h ε0

= · exp (10)

L2s V 2πmkB T kB T

5. (2P) Keeping temperature T and total number of particles N the same, now the volume in

which the free gas particles can move is increased. What consequences does this have for the

equilibrium between the free gas particles and the gas particles absorbed on the surface, i.e. are

more or less particles absorbed compared to the case with smaller volume? Justify your answer.

According to eq. 10 the number of absorbed particles per area (L2s ) decreases. One can think of

there is more space for particles to move freely, and hence the probability to “find” space in the

larger volume is larger.

6. (3P) What do partition function, Gibbs free energy, and chemical potential for gas particles

absorbed on a one-dimensional “surface” look like?

1N

Ls 2N 2πmkB T 2

Nl ε0

Zl = · exp

Nl ! h2 kB T

Nl 1 2πmkB T ε0

Gl = Nl kB T ln − ln −

Ll 2 h2 kB T

L1l

1 2πmkB T ε0

µl = −kB T ln + ln +

Nl 2 h2 kB T

7. (2P) The Nl particles absorbed on the one-dimensional surface are now in equilibrium with the

free gas particles. (There are no particles on a two-dimensional surface and N = Ng + Nl ).

How does the number of particles per unit length in this equilibrium compare to the number

of particles per unit area (from the equilibrium above) under the same (temperature, pressure,

mass...) conditions?

µg = µl

L1l

V 3 2πmkB T 1 2πmkB T ε0

ln + ln = ln + ln +

Ng 2 h2 Ng 2 h2 kB T

Nl 1 2πmkB T ε0 V 3 2πmkB T

ln 1 = ln + − ln − ln

Ll 2 h2 kB T Ng 2 h2

Ng 2πmkB T ε0

= ln − ln +

V h2 kB T

h2

Nl Ng ε0

= · exp

L1l V 2πmkB T kB T

Hence

Nl 21

h2 √

L1l

Ns

= = λ

L2s

2πmkB T

6

(25P) Problem 3

Consider an ideal Fermi gas of N particles in a volume V and in a magnetic field H at temperature

T = 0. The energy of a particle is

p2

ε= ± µB H (11)

2m

where µB is Bohr’s mageton.

1. (6P) Give an expression for the chemical potential µ0 in terms of the number of particles N for

vanishing magnetic field. For zero temperature, the Fermi-Dirac distribution is a step function.

To get the number of particles N , we integrate up to the Fermi momentum pF

ˆ pF

V

N = 2· 3 d3 p

h 0

ˆ pF

V

= 2 · 3 4π p2 dp

h 0

4πV 3

= 2· p

3h3 F

At T = 0 and for vanishing magnetic field, the chemical potential equals the Fermi energy

p2F

µ0 = εF = 2m . Hence,

13

N 3

pF = 3h

2 · 4πV

and

N

2

3 3

8πV 3h

µ0 = (12)

2m

2

~3 3π 2 N

3

V

= (13)

2m

2. (4P) Write down the Fermi momenta of the spins oriented parallel and anti-parallel, respectively,

to the external magnetic field H 6= 0 For finite magnetic field

p2F

εF = ± µB H (14)

2m

and with µ0 = εF

1

pF + = [2m (µ0 − µB H)] 2

1

pF − = [2m (µ0 + µB H)] 2

3. (8P) Find the total energy of spins oriented parallel E− and anti-parallel E+ , respectively. The

total energy of the spins oriented anti-parallel to the external magnetic field is

ˆ pF + 2

V p

E+ = + µB H dp

h3 0 2m

ˆ pF + 2

4πV p

= + µB H p2 dp

h3 0 2m

ˆ pF + 4

4πV p 2

= + µB Hp dp

h3 0 2m

4πV p5F + µB Hp3F +

= +

h3 10m 3

7

and the total energy of the spins oriented parallel to the external magnetic field is

E− = 3 −

h 10m 3

4. Bonus Task (3P) Show that for weak external magnetic fields, µ0 µB H, the average energy

per particle " 2 #

E 3 5 µB H

≈ µ0 1 − (15)

N 5 2 µ0

The average energy per particle is

E E+ + E−

=

N N

4πV p5F + p3F + µB H 4πV p5F − p3F − µB H

1

= N + + −

h3 10m 3 h3 10m 3

5 5 3 3

!

4πV pF + + pF − µB H pF + − pF −

= 3

+

Nh 10m 3

Using eq.12

4πV 1

= 3

N h3 2 · (2mµ0 ) 2

we have !

E 3 p5F + + p5F − µB H p3F + − p3F −

= 3 +

N 2 · (2mµ0 ) 2 10m 3

we can write

5 5

p5F + + p5F − [2m (µ0 − µB H)] 2 + [2m (µ0 + µB H)] 2

=

10m 10m

3 5 3 5

(2m) (µ0 − µB H) 2 + (2m) 2 (µ0 + µB H) 2

2

= 2m

h 10m i

3 5 5

(2m) 2 (µ0 − µB H) 2 + (µ0 + µB H) 2

=

5

and

µB H µB H 3 3

p3F + − p3F − = [2m (µ0 − µB H)] 2 − [2m (µ0 + µB H)] 2

3 3

For µ0 µB H we can expand

h 5 5

i 55 32 5 5 32

(µ0 − µB H) 2 + (µ0 + µB H) 2 ≈ µ0 − µ0 µB H... + µ0 + µ0 µB H...

2 2

2 2

5

≈ 2µ02 (16)

and

h 3 3

i 33 12 3 3 12

(µ0 − µB H) 2 − (µ0 + µB H) 2 = µ0 − µ0 µB H... − µ0 + µ0 µB H...

2 2

2 2

1

≈ −3µ02 µB H (17)

8

Such that plugging this in

3 5 !

E 3 (2m) 2 2µ02 µB H 3

1

≈ 3 + (2m) 2 −3µ02 µB H

N 2 · (2mµ0 ) 2 5 3

5 !

3 2µ02 µB H 1

= 3 + −3µ0 µB H

2

2 · (µ0 ) 2 5 3

3 2µ0 µB H

= − (µB H)

2 5 µ0

!

2

3 5 (µB H)

= µ0 −

5 2 (µ0 )

!

2

3 5 (µB H)

= µ0 1 − (18)

5 2 (µ0 )2

∂M

5. Bonus Task (4P) Calculate the susceptibility χ = ∂H for weak external magnetic fields, where

M is the average magnetisation per volume.

µB (N− − N+ )

M =

V

µB 4πV 4πV

3

3h3 pF − − 3h3 p3F +

=

V 3 3

µB 4πV

3h3 [2m (µ0 + µB H)] 2 − [2m (µ0 − µB H)] 2

=

V

and again with eq. 12

4πV 1

= 3

3h3 N 2 · (2mµ0 ) 2

thus

3 3

N

µB 3 [2m (µ0 + µB H)] 2 − [2m (µ0 − µB H)] 2

2·(2mµ0 ) 2

M =

V

N 3 3

= µB 3 [(µ0 + µB H)] 2 − [(µ0 − µB H)] 2

2V (µ0 ) 2

h 3 3

i 3 3 12 3 3 12

(µ0 + µB H) − (µ0 − µB H)

2 2

= µ0 + µ0 µB H + ... − µ0 − µ0 µB H...

2 2

2 2

1

≈ 3µ02 µB H

N 1

M = µB 3 3µ02 µB H

2V (µ0 ) 2

3N

= µB (µB H) (19)

2V (µ0 )

3N 2

= µ H

2V µ0 B

9

Figure 1: Pressure-Volume (left) and temperature-entropy (right) diagram of a three-step cyclic pro-

cess.

(25P) Problem 4

A.) Figure 1 shows a three-steps cyclic process as Pressures-volume (P, V ) and temperature-entropy

(T, S) diagram, respectively. Consider 1 mol of an ideal gas which has initially volume V1 , pressure

P1 , and temperature T1 , undergoing such a cyclic process.

1. (3P) Describe the steps 1 → 2; 2 → 3; and 3 → 1 sketched in the two diagrams: Which

thermodynamic quantity changes, which is kept constant ? 1 → 2 isochoric heating to T2 ;2 → 3

isentropic (adiabatic) expansion to V3 ; and 3 → 1 isobaric cooling to T1

2. (12P) For each step calculate the performed work W and the heat transfer Q in terms of pressure

P1 and volumes V1 , V3 .

1 → 2: ˆ V2

W12 = P1 dV = 0

V1

since V2 = V1

Q12 = CV (T2 − T1 )

V1

= CV (P2 − P1 )

R

V 1 P1 P2

= CV −1

R P1

V 1 P1 P2

= CV −1

R P3

γ

V 1 P1 V3

= CV −1

R V2

γ

V 1 P1 V3

= CV −1

R V1

where we have used the ideal gas law P V = RT and the adiabatic relation V1γ P1 = V2γ P2 and

V1 = V2 together with P1 = P3 .

2 → 3:

Q23 = 0

10

since S3 = S2 (adiabatic process). Hence ∆U = W and

W23 = U3 − U2

U3 − U2 = CV (T3 − T2 )

CV

= (P1 V3 − P2 V1 )

R

where we have used the ideal gas law again as P 3 V 3 =RT 3 =P1 V 3 and P2 V2 = RT2 =P2 V1 . Using

the adiabatic relations we then arrive at

C V P1 P2

W23 = V3 − V1

R P1

CV P1 P2

= V3 − V1

R P3

γ

C V P1 V3

= V3 − V1

R V2

γ

C V P1 V3

= V3 − V1

R V1

3 → 1: ˆ V1

W31 = P1 dV = P1 (V1 − V3 )

V3

Q31 = W31 + U1 − U3

plugging in the expression for work and rearranging

= CP (T1 − T3 )

= γCV (T1 − T3 )

where we have used the definition if the enthalpy, and the heat capacity at constant pressure

such that we finally obtain

γCV P1

Q31 = − (V3 − V1 ) < 0

R

B.) Bonus Task For a low-density gas the virial expansion can be terminated at first order in the

density and the equation of state is:

N kB T N

P = [1 + B2 (T )] (20)

V V

where P :pressure, V : volume, N : number of particles, T :temperature and kB : Boltzmann’s constant.

B2 (T ) is the second virial coefficient. The heat capacity will have corrections to its ideal gas value.

We can write it in the form

3 N 2 kB

CV,N = N kB − f (T ) (21)

2 V

11

1. (3P) Find the entropy and internal energy as partial derivatives of the Helmholtz free energy, A

(Hint: use the relation between pressure P and Helmholtz free energy at constant temperature).

Regarding to Helmholtz free energy for canonical ensemble we have

∂A

P = −( )T (22)

∂V

N kB T N 2 kB T

P = + B2 (T ) = Pideal + δP (23)

V V2

Using equ.22 the free energy is

N2

A = Aideal + kB T B2 (T ) (24)

V

Then

∂A N2

S = −( )V = Sideal + δS, δS = −kB [B2 (T ) + T B20 (T )] (25)

∂T V

Since we know both entropy and Helmholtz free energy, we find the internal energy as

N2 N2

U = A + T S = Uideal + kB T B2 (T ) − kB T [B2 (T ) + T B20 (T )] = Uideal + δU (26)

V V

N2

δU = −kB T 2 B20 (T ) (27)

V

2. (4P) Find the form that f (T ) must have in order for the two equations to be thermodynamically

consistent. As a result of subtask 1,

∂U N2

CV = ( )V = CVideal + δCV =⇒ δCV = −kB T [2B20 (T ) + T B200 (T )] (28)

∂T V

We find in this way,

f (T ) = 2T B20 (T ) + T 2 B200 (T ) (29)

3. (3P) Find the heat capacity at constant pressure and constant number of partivles CP,N . Let

us express the equation of state as V (P, T ). Since the density is assumed to be small in the

correction one can use equation for the ideal gas to find the the volume. We have,

N kB T

V = + N B2 (T ) (30)

P

Consequently, the entropy can be expressed as

B2 + T B20

δS1 = −kB N (32)

kB T

+ B2

P

now

∂δS1

CP = CPideal + T ( )P (33)

∂T

12

(B2 + T B20 )0 ( kBPT + B2 ) − ( kPB + B20 )(B2 + T B20 )

= −kB N (34)

( kBPT + B2 )2

N2

= CPideal − kB [T (2B20 + T B200 ) − (B2 + T B20 )] (35)

V

N2

= CPideal + δCV + kB (B2 + T B20 ) (36)

V

As a result,

N2

CP − CV = (CP − CV )ideal + kB (B2 + T B20 ) (37)

V

13

- PARKER, Ian. Revolution in Psychology - Alienation to Emancipation.pdfUploaded byCaroline Blattner
- Copy of Gustav Le BonUploaded byapi-3701311
- The Psychology of RevolutionUploaded byFlorence Tan
- Berkeley Vol4Uploaded byCarol
- MIT8 044S14 Practexam1 03Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam2_04.pdfUploaded by*83*22*
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2008Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2009Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2010Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys4302 Exam I Spring 2012Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys4302 Exam I Spring 2013Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys5305 MidTerm Spring2007Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys4302 Exam II Spring 2012Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys4302 Exam II Spring 2013Uploaded by*83*22*
- Phys4302 Exam II Spring 2014Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8 044S14 Praexam2sol 03Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8 044S14 Praexam4sol 03Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8 044S14 Praexam3sol 03Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8 044S14 Practexam4 03Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_praexam1sol_03.pdfUploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam3_04 (1).pdfUploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam4sol_04Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam4_04Uploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam3sol_04.pdfUploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam4_03.pdfUploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam3sol_03.pdfUploaded by*83*22*
- MIT8_044S14_exam3_03.pdfUploaded by*83*22*

- contoh Soal Gas IdealUploaded bywadukkkk
- C348 Mathematics for General Relativity Chapters 3 and 4 (UCL)Uploaded byucaptd3
- Alternate simiolarity slutions for BLUploaded byAkhilesh Sasankan
- Kinetic Theory & ThermodynamicsUploaded byAzfar Zack
- Tutorial 9Uploaded bykowe petit
- Exam 1 & Answers.pdfUploaded byPatrícia Cardoso Gonçalves
- Lyapunov Stability Analysis2Uploaded byriddler_007
- From An Exact Solution of 2D Navier-Stokes Equations to a Navier-Stokes Cosmology on Cantor SetsUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- Claus Kiefer and Barbara Sandhofer- Quantum CosmologyUploaded byLopmaz
- Lypanov's PptUploaded bygbksn
- Set 2 Problem 1 unit opsUploaded bysaifi786naqshbandi
- Introduction to Relativistic Mechanics and the Concept of MassUploaded byJTKirk61
- LAB 5Uploaded byZafirah Zaidi
- Hydrodynamic Forces on Floating BodiesUploaded byKtk Zad
- SheetUploaded byMelvin Shady Pereira
- Lyapunov StabilityUploaded byramiyamin
- An Introduction to Thermal Physics - 1Uploaded byPranayYadav
- PHYS 343 Midterm 2014Uploaded bySiobhan Kathleen
- 2011 exam paper.pdfUploaded byRoshan Shrestha
- Can God find a place in physics? St. Augustine's philosophy meets general relativity (E. Minguzzi)Uploaded byfgijonh
- AcTeJa 2010 1 BozsakyUploaded byDavid Pérez
- Test 3 Solution 2012.pdfUploaded byManishaa Varatha Raju
- L5 ConductionUploaded byRonel Mendoza
- Horst Eckardt and Douglas W. Lindstrom- Solution of the ECE Vacuum EquationsUploaded byPortsnuyh
- 08 Natural Gas Properties Analysis of Bangladesh a Case Study OfUploaded by1000amores
- ThermodynamicsUploaded bysanasobia
- Revised Cheng-Todreas Correlations - Improvements in the Transition Flow RegionUploaded bySyeilendra Pramuditya
- Carlos Castro- On Nonextensive Statistics, Chaos and Fractal StringsUploaded byNine000
- Reading FroudekrylovUploaded byleo
- Estimate Friction FactorUploaded byDiiana Ortiz

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.