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Traditions in Britan

Author: Necoară Monica-Mihaela

Coordonating teacher: Milea Oana

Institution: Alexandru Ioan Cuza National College Galati

In England

When it’s Christmas time, in every English family you can feel the warm atmosphere of whole family
which is around the traditional Christmas Pudding. Flames’
warmth creeps into soul and body, defying moisture, the cold
and fog form outside. Carols are often sung on Christmas Eve
by groups of singers to their neighbors, and children hang a
stocking on the fireplace or at the foot of their bed for Santa
Claus (also named Father Christmas) to fill. Presents for the
family are placed beneath the Christmas tree, and the whole
house is decorated with fir branches and socks especially
around the crackling Fire.
Christmas Pudding

Oak apple day is celebrated at 29th of May.

An oak apple is also known as an oak gall. It is caused by the larvae of a cynipid wasp. They are so called
because the gall looks a little like an apple. In 1660, Parliament declared 29 May a public holiday, "to be for
ever kept as a day of thanksgiving for our redemption from tyranny and the King's return to his Government,
he entering London that day." Old Cornwall Society branches are represented with banners and the church
bells are rung, while dancing and other entertainments follow and many people attend wearing seventeenth
century costume. The event was given a boost with a grant in 2013 so hopefully it will ensure that the
celebrations continue into the future.
In Ireland

The tradition celebrating Saint Patrick seems to date from the seventeenth or eighteenth century which was
a very turbulent time in Irish history. The Shamrock symbol is widely used by businesses seeking to
associate with Ireland and, along with the Harp, is perhaps the single most recognisable symbol of Ireland.
It is a shame though that the Shamrock is not a blue plant as the color originally associated with Saint
Patrick was blue. The earliest record of a Saint Patrick's Day
Parade was in the year 1762 when Irish soldiers serving in the
British Army held a Parade in New York City. The first official
Parade in Ireland was in 1931. After that, the govermet has been
adopted this as an official national celebration. The Irish
association with drinking is well known and not always positive. It
is a widely held tradition in Ireland that beer or whiskey can be
taken on Saint Patrick's Day. Corned beef and cabbage is as traditional and Irish meal as you will ever find
them on every desk on Saint Patrick’s Day. This Day is very representative for Ireland because when you
say Ireland your mind immediately wanders to the thought of the four-leaf clover and you should visit this
beautiful country especially on Saint Patrick’s Day because there are traditions that have been going on for
centuries.

Halloween is a traditional and much celebrated holiday in Ireland on the night of 31 October.The origin of
name Halloween came from the 16th century as a Scottish shortening of the
fuller All-Hallows-Eve, and it has its roots in the gaelic festival Samhain, where
the Gaels believed the border between this world and the otherworld became thin,
and the dead would revisit the mortal world. In Ireland, traditional Halloween
include children costumned in creepy creatures, maybe with a pumpkin lantern
made by them with the purpose of warding off the evil spirits by knocking on
random doors from
their neighbourhood;
there are also organized parties with teenagers
where games such as apple bobbing are played.
Other practices in Ireland include
lighting bonfires, and having firework shows.
In Wales

St David's Day is celebrated every


year on 1st of May. St Davis is the
patron saint of Wales e founded
twelve monasteries across the
country from Croyland to
Pembrokeshire and went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Every year parades are held in Wales to commemorate
St. David's Day. The largest of these is held in Cardiff and is formally attended by either the British
Monarch or the Prince of Wales. In this special day, children are supposed to wear different costume instead
of their usualy school uniform. St David's day isn't as wild as St Patrick's day in Ireland, however it is
commemorated by patriotic Welsh people. Also, daffodils or, believe it or not, leeks are representative
plants for this country, especially for this day and people are supposed to wear them all day. On St David’s
Day, every house has traditional food with leek,
mainly leek and potato soup. The National St
David’s Day Parade sends a red and yellow
carnival across the centre of Cardiff, featuring all
sorts of fiery performances from giant dragons
and theatrical groups.Castles situated in Wales has
their door open for visitators from around the
world to find what St David did in the past.

Each year on 25 January Wales are celebrating St Dwynwen’s


Day.Dwynwen was Wales' patron saint of lovers, and this day is
the Welsh equivelant to St Valentine's day.However, as a romantic
country, Welsh people are also celebrating the Valentine’s Day on
14th FebruaryThe story of Dwynwen dates back to the 5th century,
when Dwynwen fell in love with a Prince called Maelon Dafodrill.
Her father, Brychan Brycheiniog, was determined that she would
marry another man.Dwynwen was
devastated that she couldn’t marry her
true love and begged God to make her forget Maelon. An angel visited Dwynwen
and gave her a potion. The potion was supposed to make her have no memory of
Maelon and turned him into a block of ice.Dwynwen was then granted three
wishes. Firstly she wished for Maelon to be thawed, secondly that God meet the
hopes and dreams of true lovers and thirdly she wished that she would never
marry.Dwynwen devoted the rest of life to God’s service, founding a convent on the island of
Llanddwyn, north west Wales. You can still see the remains of the church on the island today.On the island
there is a well where, according to legend, a sacred fish swims. It is said that the fish can predict the
happiness of relationships. Visitors still go to the well today, hoping that the water will boil, meaning that
love and good luck will follow them. raditionally a lovespoon was a wooden spoon carved by a young man
and presented to the woman he loved as a token of his affection. Today lovespoons are very popular and
used to mark and celebrate many occasions such as births, christenings, weddings, anniversaries and
retirement. A lovespoon is a great way to celebrate St Dwynwen's Day.

In Scotland

The Highland Games probably originated in the fourteenth century as a means


of recruiting the best fighting men for the clan chiefs, and were popularised by
Queen Victoria to encourage the traditional dress, music, games and dance of
the highlands, various royals still attend the games at Braemar. The most
distinctive events are know as the heavies tossing the caber, putting the stone,
and tossing the weight over the bar, all of which require prodigious strength
and skill. Tossing the caber is the most spectacular and the most well known
event in the highland games, when the athlete must run carrying an entire tree
trunk and attempt to heave is end over end in a perfect, elegant throw. Their costumes are composed from
kilt, woolen socks, t-shirt and most of them are well singers at bagpipes.When on holiday in Scotland the
Highland games should not be missed and will give you a great insight of Scottish traditions, and leave you
with many memories of a great day.
Souces:

http://www.scotlandinfo.eu/scottish-culture-and-traditions/

http://www.scotland.org/about-scotland/scottish-culture-and-traditions/

http://www.visitwales.com/explore/traditions-history/st-davids-day

http://www.wales.com/about-wales/traditions/st-dwynwens-day

http://www.wales.com/about-wales/traditions/lovespoons

http://www.visitwales.com/explore/traditions-history

http://www.learnenglish.de/culture/stdavid.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Ireland#Folklore

http://www.learnenglish.de/britishculture.html

http://www.ireland-information.com/saintpatricksdaytraditions.htm

http://www.learnenglish.de/culture/stpatrick.html

http://calendarcustoms.com/articles/oak-apple-day/

http://www.darkdorset.co.uk/oak_apple_day

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oak_Apple_Day

http://www.learnenglish.de/culture/oakappleday.html

http://www.worldholidaytraditions.com/countries/england.aspx

http://www.iloveenglandstudyabroad.com/holidays-and-traditions.html