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The Largest Atheist / Agnostic Populations
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Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics (Zuckerman, 2005)
Below is a list of the top fifty countries containing the largest measured percentage of people who identify as atheist, agnostic, or non-believer in God. These figures do not necessarily represent the number of people who are identify themselves as "atheists." For example, in Estonia in 2004, 49% of people surveyed said they did not believe in God. At the same time, only 11% of people in the country identified themselves as atheists. % Atheist/ Agnostic/ Nonbeliever in God 46 - 85% 81% 43 - 80% 31 - 72% 64 - 65% 54 - 61% 28 - 60% 43 - 54% 30 - 52% Number of Atheists/ Agnostics Nonbelievers in God (minimum - maximum) 4,133,560 - 7,638,100 66,978,900 2,327,590 - 4,330,400 1,418,250 - 3,294,000 81,493,120 82,766,450 5,328,940 - 6,250,121 1,460,200 - 3,129,000 25,982,320 32,628,960 14,579,400 25,270,960
08/29/10 10:43

Country Sweden Vietnam Denmark Norway Japan Czech Republic Finland France South Korea

Total country population (2004) 8,986,000 82,690,000 5,413,000 4,575,000 127,333,000 10,246,100 5,215,000 60,424,000 48,598,000

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732.500 .483.000 294.684.15% 14% 8 .878.250 40.266.907.720 6.000 1.342.388.451.2.020 .306.26% 24 .700 3.032.668.240 4.042.46% 39 .764.176.779.007.404.400 .318.37% 19 .1.179.507.281.210.43% 34 .838.708.680 69.24% 16 .720 1.364.7.200 703.040 .991.000 6.240 .000 32.519.200 .000 22.000 82.120 .614.740 542.848.360 3.Adherents.000 40.000 2.471..27% 18 .913.011.000 10.40% 35 .175.000 49% 41 .800 .770 1.000 5.870 1.67.14%* 657.48% 32 .4.000 58.125.000 2.015.28% 17 .150 .978.38% 15 .9.000 143.640 2.703.630 6.057.000 6.000 10.620 798.420 .518.546.160 .199.000 10.508.000 19.348.000 3.680 3.com: Atheist Statistics | Agnostic http://www.425.298.782.850 .adherents.000 2.994.680 9.000 10.752.840 181.000 16.271. Estonia Germany Russia Hungary Netherlands Britain Belgium Bulgaria Slovenia Israel Canada Latvia Slovakia Switzerland Austria Australia Taiwan Spain Iceland New Zealand Ukraine Belarus Greece North Korea Italy Armenia China 1.4.4.44% 31 .400 461.740 103.49% 24 .752.000 22.670 .000 7.011.424.667.794.com/largecom/com_athei.518.750.3.550 418.120 .648.25% 24% 15 .250 5.449.440 47.9.580 33.180 929.000 8.520 .44% 42 .460.000 7.500 4.850 .250 34.556.23% 20 .293.720 2 of 6 08/29/10 10:43 .346.8.2.30% 20 .920 18.29% 10 .698.010 26.2.000 47.311.22% 20% 17% 16% 15%* 6 .000 60..400 1.

309.000 10.Adherents.790.131.com: Atheist Statistics | Agnostic http://www.848.630 314. by Michael Martin. C hina and C uba may be unreliable.000 293.838.834.450 34.000 3.040 566.600 1..280 247.000 % Atheist/ Agnostic/ Nonbeliever in God 8 .000 39.960 .000 127.790 Source: Zuckerman.adherents.751.507. chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism.9% 3 .907.817.333.maximum) 103.880 1.028..680 .493. UK (2005).840 .000 143.000 8.608.545.665. 2005) Total country population (2004) 1.48% Number of Atheists/ Agnostics Nonbelievers in God (minimum .000 4.766. Phil.524.65% 24 .298.1.947. ed.360 Country China Japan Russia 3 of 6 08/29/10 10:43 .82. The best data available have been used in making these estimates.000 11.600 355.000 15. but the people in these three nations live under C ommunist governments which have traditionally suppressed religious freedom and officially (often forcibly) endorsed atheism.14%* 64 .782.69.000 5.160 8.354.015.399.840 .26. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.3.081.144.520 283.590 420.840 181.720 81.120 .822.000 2.9% 8% 4 . * NOTE: The estimates of the number of atheists in North Korea. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns".com/largecom/com_athei.000 3.670 618.8% 7% 7% 7%* 7% 469.000 4.12% 9% 4 . Top 20 Countries With Largest Numbers of Atheists / Agnostics (Zuckerman.000 13% 13% 12% 11 . Lithuania Singapore Uruguay Kazakhstan Mongolia Portugal USA Albania Argentina Kyrgyzstan Dominican Republic Cuba Croatia 3.800 .565.380 791.020 407.497.145.

9% 31 .52% 19 .400 .100 6.4.732.176.920 5.250 .483. by Michael Martin.250.7.24% 20% 6 .982.750.520 18.271.46% 42 .720 4.057.822..000 10.508.49% 43 .000 32.adherents. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Vietnam Germany France USA Britain South Korea Canada Spain Ukraine Italy Sweden Netherlands Czech Republic Taiwan Australia Hungary Belgium 82.000 47. Top 10 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists (Greeley/Jagodzinski.042.790. 1991) Country Percent Atheist East Germany 88.579.794.628.Adherents.100 22.400 3.281.640 Source: Zuckerman.6.20% Slovenia Russia Israel 4 of 6 29.25.318.85% 39 .684.986.4.519.346. UK (2005).000 10.000 58.388. chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism.26.978.9.449.120 .752.44% 54 .240 .60 08/29/10 10:43 .44% 30 .8.000 48.779.028.40.940 .179..15% 46 .328.550 4.520 .150 .020 .614.960 6.26. ed.7.000 293.121 5.598.000 10.54% 3 .25% 32 .546.638.210.364.913. Phil.032.690.560 .420 .246.425.61% 24% 24 .000 4.com: Atheist Statistics | Agnostic http://www.30% 15 .348.80 27.400 6.000 81% 41 .160 .250 3.000 82.900 33.com/largecom/com_athei.440 9.667.250 25.840 .000 60.010 .978.000 60.270.9. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns".708.000 19.000 40.460.424.30 25.133.43% 66.320 .32.240 14.4.000 16.000 8.960 8.

but so that statistical researchers will be able to identify which columns are the source of the data in the summary tables presented on this page.90 14. because atheists are rarely affiliated formally with membership organizations. without relying primarily on one source 5 of 6 08/29/10 10:43 . "Agnosticism" and "atheism" are widely accepted as have different meanings. Opinion surveys are typically the only reliable method for determining the numbers of atheists in an area. Adherents..adherents.50 These figures are based on responses to survey questions about beliefs.com/largecom/com_athei. Figures shown above are the total of "soft core atheists" (don't believe in god.com: Atheist Statistics | Agnostic http://www. Note: The Communist nations of China. There may be overlap between people who self-identify as adherents of an organized religion. as reported in "The Demand for Religion: Hard C ore Atheism and 'Supply Side' Theory" by Wolfgang Jagodzinski (University of C ologne) and Andrew Greeley (University of C hicago. Note that these terms are from Greeley's statistical study and are noted here not as an endorsement of the terminology.10 New Zealand 11. although it promotes (often forcibly) beliefs which would categorize its adherents as atheists.10 23.. large proportions of people may be properly classified as atheists and also Communists. but do not include agnostics ("softest core atheists": "Might be God. but believe there might be life after death) and "hard core atheists" (disbelieve in god and disbelieve in life after death).00 West Germany 12.com plans to revise the "Top 10" list presented on this page through the use of our entire collection of statistics. Source: International Social Survey P rogram's study of religion in 1991. Greeley's category "softest core atheists" fall under the common definition of agnostics. So in Communist countries. might be a life after death"). Netherlands Hungary Norway Britain 24.Adherents.30 14. Cuba and North Korea were not included in this study. Communism is as much a religion as other "traditional" religions such as Islam or Christianity. Officially released statistics from some Communist governments are often merely manufactured estimates without an empirical or statistical basis.. U niversity of Arizona). Sociologically.. Based on the questions used in the survey. but they would not be considered secular or "nonreligious" in the sociological sense. These countries may or may not be among the "Top 10 Most Atheist Countries" in the world. while at the same time hold beliefs which categorize them an atheist. which is why their numbers have not been included in the "atheist" totals.

To call the adherents.com/largecom/com_athei.adherents. (Greeley's paper). We do not believe the composition of this list will change considerably. William Slawski wrote the following criticism of this page (3 April 2000): The use of the term ["softest core atheists"] is carried over from the source of the statistics.. but rather the effects of oppressive governments on religion..com site entitiles their web page "Top 10 Countries With Highest Percentage of Atheists (1991).com: Atheist Statistics | Agnostic http://www. 6 of 6 08/29/10 10:43 .com web page misleading would be accurate." The original source of the statistics wasn't an inquiry into which countries had the highest rate of atheism.. Send comments.which was a paper called "The Demand for Religion: Hard Core Atheism and "Supply Side" Theory. etc. Still. Accurate data for China and North Korea remains unavailable. This atheist/atheism geography and statistics webpage was created 4 August 1999. Last modified 27 March 2005. The Adherents.com.and concludes that the 'demand' for religion can be diminished considerably if a ruthless government takes control of the process of religious socialization. questions. We have already pointed out the possibility that North Korea and China should be on this list but were not included among countries Greeley had data for. When using statistics to make a presentation.Adherents. to webmaster@adherents.East Germany -. it is often troublesome to remove them too far from the context from which they were originally presented. The statistical incidence and classification of atheism among world religions is discussed on the Major Religions of the World page." The abstract at the top of the paper ends with the following sentence: "Finally it considers the one thoroughly secularized country -." The paper studied only 17 countries.