6 views

Uploaded by deathjester1

Cylindrical Bending of Unsymmetric Composite Laminates

Cylindrical Bending of Unsymmetric Composite Laminates

© All Rights Reserved

- Belzona 4111
- Applied Mathematics For Business, Economics and Social Science
- Bartos P. J., Glassfibre Reinforced Concrete - Principles, Production, Properties and Applications, 2017
- Linear Algebra Complete Book
- piezoelectric manual
- Matrix Math Excerpt - Wiki
- Introduction to Structural Analysis & Design
- Petal
- AMIE Sample Paper 2
- matrix
- 24347316-Composite-Materials.pdf
- Analysis of Abrasive Wear Behavior of Carbon Fabric Reinforced Epoxy Composite Using Taguchi Method
- 28815696
- plast_Eng
- CSC108_Final_2013W.pdf
- 207mm103.pdf
- g 05313347
- All Questions of Black Beauty
- NumerNumerical Algorithm for Tensegrity Dynamics
- 89 Vasiliev

You are on page 1of 4

5: TECHNICAL NOTES

tial number of eddies before decaying and that the modifica- iors of composite laminates, has demonstrated the importance

tion for the interval preceeding the first multiple jump in the of transverse shear effects for different delamination sizes.

criterion, Eq. (7), is important in preventing unacceptable This Note presents a solution for unsymmetric cross-ply

errors. For the most massive particle considered (dp = 100 jum; laminates, including both large deflection and transverse shear

pp = 2500 kg/m3), c0> At/T and c = c0 for all interactions. effects. A pinned-pinned laminated plate subjected to a uni-

For practical application of the truncation criterion sug- form transverse load is demonstrated. The results from the

gested in this technical note, it will certainly be necessary to nonlinear shear deformation theory (NSDT) are also com-

first validate the criterion for the flow conditions of particular pared with those from the nonlinear classical lamination the-

interest, as demonstrated herein for nearly homogeneous tur- ory (NCLT),1'2 the linear shear deformation theory (LSDT),

bulent flow. Once established, however, the potential gains in and the linear classical lamination theory (LCLT).

efficiency, through elimination of unnecessary and redundant

computational operations, may be significant. Formulation

Consider an unsymmetric cross-ply laminate subjected to a

Acknowledgments uniform transverse load. For cylindrical bending, the govern-

This work was conducted as part of an ongoing spray com- ing equations are assumed to be independent of the y axis.

bustion stability project supported by the University of Ten- Based on the large deflection shear deformation formulation,3

nessee-Calspan Center for Advanced Space Propulsion, UT the laminate displacements u and w are expressed by

Downloaded by Universitats- und Landesbibliothek Dusseldorf on May 22, 2013 | http://arc.aiaa.org | DOI: 10.2514/3.11082

1195 and in part by Rocketdyne Division, Rockwell Interna- (1)

tional, Canoga Park, CA with Merlin Schuman as technical

monitor. w(x,z) = (2)

References

where w° is the midplane displacement and \{/x is the rotation in

^itchford, R. J., and Jeng, S.-M., "Efficient Statistical Transport

Model for Turbulent Particle Dispersion in Sprays," AIAA Journal, the xz plane. The equilibrium equations are given by

Sept. 1991, pp. 1443-1451.

2

Snyder, W. H., and Lumley, J. L., "Some Measurements of Par- Nx,x = 0 (3)

ticle Velocity Autocorrelation Functions in a Turbulent Flow," Jour-

nal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 48, 1971, pp. 41-71. Mx>x - Qx = 0 (4)

Cylindrical Bending of Unsymmetric and transverse shear force resultants, respectively, and q is the

Composite Laminates transverse loading. The constitutive relations for the cross-ply

laminates are characterized by

California State University at Long Beach, Mx = Bn(u°x (7)

Long Beach, California 90840

and Qx = k (8)

Jeffrey C. Shut

The Aerospace Corporation, where An, Dn, Bn, and A55 are extensional, bending, exten-

sion-bending coupling, and transverse shear stiffnesses, re-

El Segundo, California 90245 spectively, and k is the shear correction factor.

Introduction 2000

based on the linear classical lamination theory. Recently,

Sun and Chin1'2 found that the linear lamination theory is 1500

[904/04]

L/h-10

— NSDT f/

7/

inadequate for analysis of unsymmetric laminates, and the — NCLT

nonlinear large deflection theory must be used even for prob- — LSDT //

lems that are normally considered to be in the small deflection 1000 — - - LCLT '

domain. In their studies, however, the transverse shear effect

was not considered. This effect is important for resin matrix

composite laminates because the interlaminar shear moduli of c, 500

composite materials are very small as compared with the in-

plane elastic moduli of reinforced fiber. A recent study by

Chen,3 using a large deflection shear deformation theory on

the delamination buckling, postbuckling, and growth behav-

ACS 32nd Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Confer-

ence, Baltimore, MD, April 8-10, 1991; received May 9, 1991; revi-

sion received Aug. 13, 1991; accepted for publication Aug. 15, 1991.

Copyright © 1991 by Hsin-Piao Chen and Jeffrey C. Shu. Published -1000

by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., with -4000 -2000 0 2000 4000

permission. q(p»0

* Associate Professor, Department of Aerospace Engineering.

Member AIAA. Fig. 1 In-plane force induced by transverse loading based on linear

tMember of the Technical Staff. and nonlinear theories.

AIAA JOURNAL, VOL. 30, NO. 5: TECHNICAL NOTES 1439

[904/04]

L/h-10

- NSDT w(x) = C2 cosh ax + C4 - -— x2 (14)

2NX

-*- NCLT

0.5 - ~ LSDT For pinned-pined boundary conditions,

--- LCLT

(15)

0.0

(16)

-0.5 = 0 (17)

The three unknowns, NX9 C2, and C4, determined from Eqs.

Downloaded by Universitats- und Landesbibliothek Dusseldorf on May 22, 2013 | http://arc.aiaa.org | DOI: 10.2514/3.11082

-1.0

-4000 -2000 0 2000 4000

(18)

q(pal)

Fig. 2 Maximum deflection due to transverse loading based on linear

Bn_D£

and nonlinear theories. (19)

2NX ~ An N2

From Eq. (3), it is concluded that Nx is a constant. Substitu- B\\ q

tion of Eq. (6) into Eq. (7) yields

aa 'A^~NX~ \ 2cta

+ C2 —1 cosh aa - =0 (20)

N "6NJ

where

Equations (18-20) are three nonlinear algebraic equations cou-

-"11 (10) pled together. They can be solved by the Newton-Raphson

'An iterative method. Note that Eq. (20) contains both q and q2

terms. Therefore, the solutions are different for positive and

By using Eqs. (4), (5), and (7-9), the governing equation for negative loadings.

deflection w is derived as

Compressive In-Plane Force (Nx <0)

Nx For the case with P = - Nx >0, the governing equation (11)

(ID

(Nx/kA55)lDc (Nx/kA55)\Dc can be expressed as

Note that the formulation for LSDT can be obtained by

dropping the nonlinear terms in Eqs. (6-8). The formulations (21)

- (P/kA55)}De

for NCLT and LCLT can be obtained from the NSDT and

LSDT formulations, respectively, by neglecting the transverse

shear effects, i.e., by assuming the transverse shear stiffness is

infinite (A55 — oo).

1.E+5

Laminated Plate with Pinned-Pinned Edges

The characteristic of Eq. (11) depends on the coefficient of

the second derivative of the transverse deflection where the 1.E+4 — NSDT

induced in-plane force Nx determines the form of the displace- --- NCLT

ment solution. For a pinned-pinned laminated plate subjected

to a uniform transverse load, it is found that Nx can be 1.E+3

positive (tensile), negative (compressive), or zero decided by

the sign of the coupling coefficient # n , the sign and magni-

tude of the transverse load q, and the slenderness ratio of the

laminate L/h. These different conditions are discussed indi-

vidually in the following paragraphs.

1.E+1

Tensile In-Plane Force (TV* > 0)

For the case with Nx>0, the governing equation (11) can be

expressed as 1.EO

0 (12)

(Nx/kA55)]Dc

1.E-1

where 0 20 40 60 80 100

L/h

(13) Fig. 3 Variation of transition transverse loading.

(Nx/kA55)]Dc

1440 AIAA JOURNAL, VOL. 30, NO. 5: TECHNICAL NOTES

where shows the variation of the transition transverse load qt, ob-

tained from Eq. (27), for laminates with slenderness ratios L/h

up to 100. For states above this curve, the induced in-plane

(22) forces are in tension. For those below this curve, the induced

[1 - (P/kA55)]Dc

in-plane forces are in compression. Note that qt varies drasti-

The general solution of Eq. (21) is cally with the slenderness ratio. For a thin laminate with rather

large slenderness ratio, qt becomes negligibly small. Since the

transverse shear effect is more important for thick plates, it is

w(x) = C2 cos C4 + -- x2 (23) noted in Fig. 3 that the transverse shear effect on qt becomes

increasingly more pronounced as L/h is less than 20.

The three unknowns, -P, C2, and C4, can be determined from

the boundary conditions, Eqs. (15-17), in a similar way as was References

!

the case of Nx>0. Sun, C. T., and Chin, H., "Analysis of Asymmetric Composite

Laminates," AIAA Journal, Vol. 26, No. 6, 1988, pp. 714-718.

Transition State with Vanishing In-Plane Force (Nx = 0) 2

Sun, C. T., and Chin, H., "On Large Deflection Effects in Un-

The state corresponding to Nx = 0 is referred to as the symmetric Cross-Ply Composite Laminates," Journal of Composite

"transition state," which implies that the induced in-plane Materials, Vol. 22, No. II, 1988, pp. 1045-1059.

3

force changes its sign when this state is passed. For this case, Chen, H. P., "Shear Deformation Theory for Compressive De-

Downloaded by Universitats- und Landesbibliothek Dusseldorf on May 22, 2013 | http://arc.aiaa.org | DOI: 10.2514/3.11082

the governing equation (11) with a uniform transverse load qt lamination Buckling and Growth," AIAA Journal, Vol. 29, No. 5,

can be expressed as 1991, pp. 813-819.

4

Whitney, J. M., and Sun, C. T., "A Higher Order Theory for

Extensional Motion of Laminated Composites," Journal of Sound

_qL and Vibration, Vol. 30, No. I, 1973, pp. 85-97.

(24)

™XXXX~DC

The general solution of Eq. (24) is

Matrix Transformation Method for

= C2x^ 22. +

- ^

C4 - &

(25)

24A Updating Dynamic Model

The three unknowns, C2, C4, and qt, are determined from the

boundary conditions Eqs. (15-17). The resulting transverse De-Wen Zhang*

deflection w and transverse load qt are Beijing Institute of Structure and Environment,

Beijing, People's Republic of China

w =• (5a2 - x2)(a2 - x2) (a2 - x2) (26) and

24DC 2kA,

Lingmi Zhangf

Bn\ 2a2 Nanjing Aeronautical Institute,

^? = (27)

5kA55 2(kA55)2 Nanjing, People's Republic of China

It is noted from Eq. (27) that qt must be in opposite sign as the

coupling stiffness Bn. Therefore, a transition state can only Introduction

exist when Bn and q are in opposite signs.

ANY systematic methods1'13 have been developed in

Results M recent years for updating analytical models to predict

modal test data more closely. The methods in Refs. 1-7,

Numerical solutions are obtained based on the following

referred to as matrix-type procedures here, correct the whole

graphite/epoxy composite properties: E\ = 20 x I06 psi, E2 =

mass and stiffness matrices. Correspondingly, the methods in

I Ax I06 psi, G l2 = G l3 = 0.8 x I06 psi, G23 = 0.6 x I06 psi,

v l2 = 0.3. According to Ref. 4, the shear correction factor k is Refs. 8-13, element-type procedures, modify only some

taken as 7r2/l2. The ply thickness is 0.005 in. For the laminate nonzero elements of mass and stiffness matrices. In the former

[904/04], Figs. I and 2 show the comparison between the non- procedures, the connectivity of the original analytical model is

linear solutions and the linear solutions. The induced in-plane not preserved, causing the addition of unwanted load paths.

In the latter, particularly in Refs. 9 and 11, the stiffness matrix

force and maximum deflection predicted by the linear theories

may be identified exactly in certain cases even when some of

(LSDT and LCLT) are proportional to the transverse load.

the test modes are not known.

However, the nonlinear theories (NSDT and NCLT) give quite

different results. As shown in Fig. I, negative q induces posi- The purpose of the work presented in this Note is similar to

that of Ref. 8. This Note proposes a matrix transform method

tive in-plane force Nx with a negative coupling stiffness Bn. As

(MTM), in which the derivations are much simpler than those

discussed earlier, a transition state exists only when Bn and q

are in the opposite signs. As a result, positive q will induce a in Refs. 1-6, which use Lagrange multipliers. In the present

compressive in-plane force initially, which turns into tension MTM, transform matrices for the correction of dynamic mod-

once q passes the transition transverse load qt. els are created. The effect of the transformation is opposite to

Figure 2 shows that the maximum deflections predicted by that of the objective function in the Lagrange multiplier

nonlinear theories are also significantly different from those method (LMM); the former is to reduce the number of un-

predicted by linear theories. In addition, the results from known parameters of the governing equations and the latter is

to increase the number of equations. Not only can MTM

NSDT and NCLT also show that the deflection with positive

q is larger than that with negative q. This is attributed to the reproduce the formulas in Refs. 1-6, but it can also derive

compressive in-plane force initially induced by positive q, some new formulations that are difficult to be formed by

LMM.

which tends to aggravate the transverse deflection. Figure 2

also shows that the transverse shear effects are less significant Received Oct. 29, 1990; revision received April 22, 1991; accepted

from the nonlinear theories for the present case. for publication May 9, 1991. Copyright © 1992 by the American

Theoretically, the transition state exists for every unsym- Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.

metric laminate as long as the transverse load q and the *Senior Research Engineer, P.O. Box 9210. Member AIAA.

laminate coupling stiffness Bn have opposite signs. Figure 3 fProfessor of Vibration Engineering, Box 109.

This article has been cited by:

1. Audrey Petit, Habib Eslami, Yi ZhaoNonlinear Forced Vibrations of Unsymmetrically Laminated Plates under Cylindrical

Bending . [Citation] [PDF] [PDF Plus]

2. Marco Di Sciuva, Ugo Icardi. 1995. Large deflection of adaptive multilayered Timoshenko beams. Composite Structures

31:1, 49-60. [CrossRef]

3. Pinhas Bar-Yoseph, Daniel Ben-David. 1995. Free-edge effects in unsymmetrically laminated composite plates. Composite

Structures 30:1, 13-23. [CrossRef]

4. Ugo Icardi. 1994. The nonlinear response of unsymmetric multilayered plates using smeared laminate and layerwise models.

Composite Structures 29:4, 349-364. [CrossRef]

5. ERASMO CARRERA. 1993. Nonlinear response of asymmetrically laminated plates in cylindricalbending. AIAA Journal

31:7, 1353-1357. [Citation] [PDF] [PDF Plus]

6. M. Liu, D. G. Gorman. 1993. Improved Method for Evaluating Damping Ratios of a Vibrating System. AIAA Journal

31:7, 1357-1360. [Citation] [PDF] [PDF Plus]

Downloaded by Universitats- und Landesbibliothek Dusseldorf on May 22, 2013 | http://arc.aiaa.org | DOI: 10.2514/3.11082

- Belzona 4111Uploaded byBobby Satheesan
- Applied Mathematics For Business, Economics and Social ScienceUploaded byirfansyed36
- Bartos P. J., Glassfibre Reinforced Concrete - Principles, Production, Properties and Applications, 2017Uploaded byEsmerald
- Linear Algebra Complete BookUploaded bySyed Muhamad Jahanzeb
- piezoelectric manualUploaded byletter_ashish4444
- Matrix Math Excerpt - WikiUploaded byglh00
- Introduction to Structural Analysis & DesignUploaded byroshanahmd
- PetalUploaded byIjong Maxwell
- AMIE Sample Paper 2Uploaded byskannan1980
- matrixUploaded byTariq Hussain
- 24347316-Composite-Materials.pdfUploaded bymanikantar15
- Analysis of Abrasive Wear Behavior of Carbon Fabric Reinforced Epoxy Composite Using Taguchi MethodUploaded bysudarshan rao
- 28815696Uploaded bysalman10993
- plast_EngUploaded byWalid Sonji
- CSC108_Final_2013W.pdfUploaded byexamkiller
- 207mm103.pdfUploaded byamit4u1984
- g 05313347Uploaded byIOSRJEN : hard copy, certificates, Call for Papers 2013, publishing of journal
- All Questions of Black BeautyUploaded bySourodipKundu
- NumerNumerical Algorithm for Tensegrity DynamicsUploaded byTensegrity Wiki
- 89 VasilievUploaded byDeva Ismaya
- FacilityUploaded byIbrahem Abdulrahman
- New Method Four Point Bending MatlabUploaded bySushil Kumar
- Lecture 7Uploaded byTuấnNguyễn
- Computer Program File class 12Uploaded byRobin Singh
- c2Uploaded byLokesh Narasimhaiah
- Tek156116 Chapter 01Uploaded byHolid Hidayat
- CHE-701Uploaded byUnputdownable Bishwarup
- Course outline-AEM 2018-1.docxUploaded bySadhan Padhi
- AISC Section databaseUploaded bytomqsher
- ORUploaded byTufail Khan

- Neonatal Sepsis Alojipan1975Uploaded bydeathjester1
- Round Robin Assessment of the Single Fiber Fragmentation Test - RichUploaded bydeathjester1
- Fracture Mechanics Analysis of Single Fiber Fragmentation Test - RamirezUploaded bydeathjester1
- aop0914Uploaded byabdul rahman
- ElasticityPolars CompleteUploaded bydeathjester1
- elsticty_thry.pdfUploaded byPradeep Gs
- EPL 0009444 ArticleUploaded bydeathjester1
- ncorrmanual_v1_2_1Uploaded byVitor Carneiro
- Analysis of Composite Materials—a SurveyUploaded bydeathjester1
- Blum Sup 1946003001011Uploaded bydeathjester1
- Composite Interfaces Volume 15 Issue 2-3 2008 [Doi 10.1163%2F156855408783810948] Huber, Tim; Müssig, Jörg -- Fibre Matrix Adhesion of Natural Fibres Cotton, Flax and Hemp in Polymeric Matrices Analyze (1)Uploaded bydeathjester1
- 2015_Fatigue Behavior and Modeling of Short Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites_A Literature ReviewUploaded bySubramani Pichandi
- IJEIT1412201502_13Uploaded bydeathjester1
- Design Project for Advanced Mechanics of MaterialsUploaded bydeathjester1
- Real Life Examples in a Solid Mechanics CourseUploaded bydeathjester1
- Design of Gear BoxUploaded byIbrahim Abdou
- 6869-24178-1-SM_ Do Sau an Mon Theo KlinsmithUploaded byLe Anh Thu Khuat
- Integrating Design Projects Into an Introductory Course in Mechanics of MaterialsUploaded bydeathjester1
- 011Uploaded bydeathjester1
- Conventional Design and Static Stress Analysis of Ic Engine Component Crank Pin Using the Finite Element Method 2167 7670 1000118Uploaded bydeathjester1
- V2I11-IJERTV2IS110709Uploaded bydeathjester1
- Chapter 16_Cranktrain_2015-08-04 (1).pdfUploaded bybogodavid
- Ageing and Deterioration of Materials in the Environment - Application of Multivariate Data AnalysisUploaded bydeathjester1
- Mechanics and materials in Fretting Wear_1992Uploaded bydeathjester1
- Mechanical calculation of power lines.pdfUploaded bydeathjester1
- Machine Design_U. C. Jindal.pdfUploaded bymanual C
- A Method to Evaluate Vibration State and Lifetime of Overhead Transmission Lines Based on Onsite Short-Term Measured Data of Aeolian VibrationUploaded bydeathjester1

- CVUploaded byfrwbtnbtyni85653
- 8.Numerical Investigation of Vertical Helically Coiled Tube Heat Exchangers Thermal PerformanceUploaded byLeidy Pedraza
- Pinhole cameraUploaded byDrTroy
- Bond Energy - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded bySatyendra Nath Pandey
- Inrad_datasheet_LNB.pdfUploaded bynurulkhomariah.x0
- Chapter6 Lecture 23 Performance analysis II – Steady climb descent and glide – 3Uploaded byChegrani Ahmed
- isaac newton lawsUploaded byapi-169639475
- THE SIMPLIFIED WAY TO CALCULATE COOLING LOAD ON AIR CONDITIONING.Uploaded byIJAR Journal
- Lab 2 Mini FLow ChannelUploaded byIr Fik T
- SEC Distribution Planning Standards (DPS)Uploaded bydelgonzales
- Plate and Shell AnalyseUploaded byNumkang Kang
- Wolfson Eup3 Ch14 Test BankUploaded byifghelpdesk
- Changes in Insulation Characteristics of High-Voltage MotorUploaded byRafael Feria
- No.3 Load Life Calculations 02 UK.pdfUploaded byhepcomotion
- Energy Physics 2Uploaded byAhmad Pradana
- Philpot MoM 2nd Ch07-11 ISMUploaded bywerewaro
- Stefan Tsonchev et al- Phase Diagram for Assembly of Biologically-Active Peptide AmphiphilesUploaded byDfmso0
- GravityUploaded byenii
- Prigogine - Science, Reason and Passion (1996)Uploaded byronaldbeat
- 9_057_017Uploaded bytugustra
- Sergey B Leonov and Dmitry A Yarantsev- Plasma-induced ignition and plasma-assisted combustion in high-speed flowUploaded byOlmea
- Physical Science Unit 4 Study GuideUploaded bymisterbrowner
- Experiment 18Uploaded byJc Goh
- Sci JokesUploaded byHrishikesh Deshpande
- PipeFlow2Uploaded byClement Chima
- Friction T1 TheoryUploaded byAnand Balaji
- The Atomic TheoryUploaded byRuben Feliciano
- Thermodynamics of Adsorption-MyersUploaded byjubair073
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byvasu_koneti5124
- Evert Hoek - Hoek-Brown failure criterion.pdfUploaded byJames Lester