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The Millennium Development Goals Report

2010

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Goal 1
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Indicator 1.3
Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2008 report.) Share of poorest quintile in national consumption 1/ 2005 Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe
1/

Target 1.A
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day

Indicator 1.1
Proportion of population living below $1 (PPP) per day
Percentage of people living on less than $1.25 purchasing power parity (2005 PPP) per day 1/, 2/ 1990 Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/ 2/

6.1 3.6 2.9 4.3 7.4 5.7 6.2 7.0 8.2

1999 33.0 4.4 58.3 10.9 25.4 10.2 35.6 42.2 35.3 35.3 4.1 7.8 22.3 3.0 1.9 60.4 50.7 27.7

2005 26.6 2.6 50.9 8.2 25.8 7.4 15.9 38.6 30.7 18.9 5.8 5.3 19.2 0.3 0.5 53.4 42.8 27.5

45.7 4.5 57.5 11.3 28.8 10.5 60.1 49.5 44.6 39.2 2.2 2.7 6.3 1.6 0.1 63.3 49.1 32.4

High-income economies, as defined by the World Bank, are excluded.

Target 1.B
Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people

Indicator 1.4
Growth rate of GDP per person employed
(a) Annual growth rate Annual growth rate of GDP per person employed, percentage 1998 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
p

2009p -2.1 0.6 1.0 -1.8 -3.4 5.4 1.9 -1.7 -1.5 -1.3 -5.2 -0.4 -5.4 -1.2 -3.2 0.7 -0.9 -2.8

0.9 0.5 1.3 -0.9 0.2 3.2 2.3 -8.5 0.0 -5.6 -2.3 0.5 -2.1 1.7 0.4 1.3 -0.3 -0.4

High-income economies, as defined by the World Bank, are excluded. Estimates by the World Bank, March 2010.

Indicator 1.2
Poverty gap ratio
Poverty gap ratio at $1.25 a day (2005 PPP), percentage 1/, 2/ 1990 Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

1999 11.6 0.8 25.8 3.8 12.7 3.4 11.1 11.2 9.9 9.6 1.0 2.5 7.5 0.8 0.5 24.7 20.2 12.3

2005 8.0 0.5 20.7 2.8 12.8 2.3 4.0 9.8 8.1 4.2 1.5 1.5 5.4 0.1 0.2 19.9 15.5 11.9

15.6 0.8 26.3 3.9 13.4 3.5 20.7 14.5 14.2 11.1 0.6 0.9 2.1 0.5 0.0 27.5 21.9 14.4

Preliminary data.

The poverty gap ratio measures the magnitude of poverty. Expressed as a percentage of the poverty line, it is the result of multiplying the proportion of people who live below the poverty line by the difference between the poverty line and the average income of the population living under the poverty line. 2/ High-income economies, as defined by the World Bank, are excluded.

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(b) GDP per person employed GDP per person employed, in 2005 US dollars (PPP) 1998 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/p

(b) Men, women and youth Employment-to-population ratio, percentage, 2009/p Men Women Youth World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/p

2009

/p

17,457 7,816 15,806 4,381 21,170 5,370 5,030 6,744 33,084 5,954 12,875 6,453 14,695 61,156 15,490 2,062 3,519 20,926

21,172 11,559 18,368 5,135 22,214 11,952 7,794 9,089 39,559 5,564 21,181 11,886 24,399 69,841 25,150 2,974 4,828 23,846

72.8 75.5 70.1 74.5 74.3 75.4 77.2 77.6 66.4 71.2 62.9 65.6 61.9 62.9 55.0 79.3 76.6 69.8

48.0 47.8 22.2 55.5 46.5 64.0 32.5 53.9 20.4 62.4 51.8 53.4 51.3 48.1 40.8 58.9 60.4 45.8

44.2 45.0 29.4 49.0 43.6 53.9 41.2 43.6 26.0 52.8 34.9 38.6 32.8 41.0 24.1 55.9 55.0 43.0

Preliminary data.

Preliminary data.

Indicator 1.5
Employment-to-population ratio
(a) Total Employment-to-population ratio, percentage 1991 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/p

Indicator 1.6
Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
Employed people living below $1.25 (PPP) per day, percentage of total employment 1991 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/f

2000 2009 61.2 62.9 43.4 64.1 57.9 73.1 56.0 66.5 46.4 66.3 54.0 55.7 53.6 56.5 51.9 69.3 66.0 56.6

/p

62.2 64.2 43.9 63.5 56.3 74.5 57.6 68.0 48.6 65.5 57.9 57.4 58.0 56.5 53.4 70.7 66.1 54.8

60.4 61.7 46.0 64.9 60.0 69.8 55.4 65.6 44.3 66.8 56.9 59.3 56.1 55.3 47.7 69.0 68.3 57.7

2000 32.6 41.3 5.5 66.1 12.9 36.5 53.3 41.8 8.6 47.4 7.7 25.5 2.6 0.0 0.9 70.7 58.7 20.4

2009/f 24.8 30.7 4.3 63.5 8.5 12.6 51.3 27.6 11.5 49.7 5.6 21.3 0.2 0.0 0.6 65.8 52.5 24.0

42.9 56.3 6.4 66.8 12.7 67.4 60.9 53.5 8.7 51.6 4.6 16.2 1.7 0.0 0.6 70.5 57.7 17.1

Preliminary data.

Forecast.

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Indicator 1.7
Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
(a) Both sexes Own-account and contributing family workers, percentage of total employment 1991 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/f

(c) Women Own-account and contributing family workers, percentage of total employment 1991 World
/f

2000 55.1 69.3 42.3 87.3 34.1 64.7 88.1 69.9 47.3 80.9 19.7 48.8 11.7 10.2 35.1 91.2 80.7 37.8

2009/f 52.3 64.7 53.3 84.3 31.3 57.8 83.9 65.4 36.8 84.9 17.2 42.6 8.9 9.1 26.4 87.7 78.0 39.2

59.2 76.7 49.9 89.0 36.5 76.7 90.9 75.1 62.9 79.1 11.1 38.4 4.5 12.3 25.4 92.9 77.2 35.5

2000 52.8 64.0 31.5 81.0 34.4 59.0 79.8 64.8 33.2 74.1 20.5 49.8 12.0 11.0 34.1 85.0 76.9 37.3

2009

Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe

55.4 69.2 36.7 82.7 35.4 69.2 81.5 68.9 42.4 72.4 13.0 43.0 5.3 12.1 23.3 87.2 74.2 33.5

50.6 60.2 33.9 76.6 31.9 53.3 76.6 61.3 28.5 78.6 18.7 44.0 10.0 10.6 28.5 82.9 73.6 39.6

Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/f

Forecast.

Forecast.

Target 1.C
Own-account and contributing family workers, percentage of total employment 1991 2000 51.3 60.8 28.2 76.4 34.6 54.4 76.7 61.1 29.3 68.4 21.2 50.6 12.3 11.6 33.2 80.4 73.9 36.9 2009
/f

(b) Men

Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Indicator 1.8
Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
(a) Total Children under-five years of age who are underweight, percentage 1990 Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania 31 11 31 11 17 12 51 49 37 14 2008 26 7 27 6 7 6 46 35 25 14 -

World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries in South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
/f

53.0 64.7 32.9 78.1 34.8 63.1 77.8 64.3 36.2 67.3 14.7 46.9 6.0 12.0 21.6 83.0 71.9 32.4

49.4 57.3 27.7 70.6 32.3 49.5 73.6 58.3 26.1 73.1 20.2 45.2 11.0 11.8 30.2 79.2 70.0 39.8

Forecast.

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(b) By sex Children under-five years of age who are underweight, 2003-2008, percentage Boys Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe (c) By residence Children under-five years of age who are underweight, 2003-2008, percentage Rural Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe 32 8 30 12 9 6 50 39 27 21 8 3 Urban 18 6 19 5 2 7 39 47 21 8 5 3 28 28 8 10 46 42 25 20 5 7 3 Girls 29 26 7 11 49 46 25 19 5 7 3 Boys/Girls Ratio 0.97 1.08 1.14 0.93 0.94 0.92 1.00 1.05 1.00 1.00 1.13

Indicator 1.9
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
Percentage of undernourished in total population 1990-92 2000-02 2005-07 World
1/

16 20 <5 31 12 18 8 21 26 24 5 62/ 162/ <52/ <5 <5 40 34 24

14 16 <5 30 10 10 13 20 23 17 8 7 17 <5 <5 <5 36 30 21

13 16 <5 26 9 10 12 21 23 14 7 <5 9 <5 <5 <5 32 26 21

Developing Regions1/ Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/ 2/

Includes countries/territories from Oceania. Refers to 1993-95.

(c) By household wealth Children under-five years of age who are underweight, 2003-2008, percentage Poorest quintile Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia 43 10 34 8 60 54 9 Richest quintile 19 5 17 4 26 29 4

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Goal 2
Achieve universal primary education

Indicator 2.2
Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
Gross intake rate at last grade of primary1/ 19912/ 20002/ 20082/ World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Primary- and secondary-level enrolees of official primary school age per 100 children of the same age 1/ 1991 2000 84.3 82.6 88.0 60.3 94.1 94.4 97.6 80.0 68.5 93.6 83.3 90.5 95.2 86.8 97.5 59.5 65.4 80.1 2008 89.6 88.8 94.4 76.4 94.9 96.0 98.0 89.7 76.3 94.7 88.0 93.4 94.0 93.0 96.1 78.8 81.6 75.8 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

Target 2.A
Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

79.6 77.0 72.2 50.5 84.2 106.2 94.5 64.4 55.2 85.7 77.6 61.1 82.8 61.7 92.5 97.8 39.5 43.4 66.3

82.1 79.5 81.1 52.0 97.5 97.9 97.8 69.3 62.3 92.4 78.9 63.7 94.3 94.8 94.0 99.1 45.8 54.9 76.0

88.1 86.7 96.3 63.8 101.0 96.0 96.9 85.4 66.2 98.7 88.2 67.0 97.3 99.1 96.0 97.8 58.7 64.5 78.9

Indicator 2.1
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(a) Total

Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) (b) By sex

World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) (b) By sex

82.2 79.9 80.2 53.4 85.8 97.5 98.1 75.3 64.1 94.0 82.1 90.3 85.9 92.5 97.1 52.3 55.1 71.2

Gross intake rate at last grade of primary1/ 19912/ 20002/ 20082/

Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
82.0 79.5 80.1 55.8 84.5 96.1 93.9 73.5 60.5 89.3 83.0 63.4 91.4 85.7 94.0 96.5 45.0 53.7 64.8 74.1 69.8 64.6 45.9 86.1 91.5 94.0 54.6 49.7 87.9 72.6 55.8 91.3 85.0 94.2 98.0 34.6 44.5 64.7 84.9 82.8 84.2 57.0 97.1 97.9 97.8 75.8 66.4 92.7 83.5 65.9 94.0 97.4 92.0 99.3 50.4 60.5 75.8 79.2 76.2 77.9 47.9 89.6 88.6 99.4 69.3 86.9 85.3 93.0 59.8

Primary- and secondary-level enrolees of official primary school age per 100 children of the same age 1/ 1991 2000 2008

97.8 101.8 103.0 97.8 97.6 62.3 58.1 92.1 74.1 59.0 93.4 96.1 91.8 98.9 42.1 49.9 75.8 94.6 97.9 87.3 68.2 98.8 92.6 70.1 95.7 99.4 92.9 97.2 62.8 68.1 79.3 97.8 95.8 83.4 64.2 98.7 83.7 61.4 95.1 97.9 92.9 98.2 56.1 60.7 78.1

Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

86.1 78.0 87.0 81.5 90.6 88.6 84.4 75.1 85.6 79.4 89.9 87.6 86.9 73.3 90.7 85.2 96.3 92.5 58.0 48.8 63.9 56.6 78.3 74.5 85.4 86.3 93.7 94.4 95.1 94.8 99.9 94.9 93.4 95.4 94.2 98.1 98.1 98.2 98.1 97.0 98.3 97.7 83.4 66.7 86.7 72.8 91.7 87.5 71.7 56.2 73.7 63.1 78.8 73.7 96.0 91.9 94.9 92.2 95.5 93.8 87.1 76.9 87.8 78.6 90.7 85.3 -

91.0 89.7 90.8 90.1 93.5 93.4 87.6 84.2 95.5 95.0 94.7 93.3 92.7 92.4 87.2 86.3 92.6 93.5 97.3 96.8 97.5 97.5 95.8 96.4 57.8 46.8 63.0 56.0 80.7 76.7 60.9 49.2 69.9 60.7 84.2 79.1 71.9 70.4 81.2 79.0 76.3 75.1

Since there are no regional averages for the official indicator the table displays the gross intake ratio at last grade of primary, which corresponds to the “total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade”. Global Education Digest 2009 (page 255) - Comparing Education Statistics Across the World, UNESCO Institute for Statistics. The primary completion rates correspond to school years ending in the years displayed.

2/

The net enrolment ratios in primary education correspond to school years ending in the years displayed. 6

Indicator 2.3
Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men
(a) Total Percentage of the population aged 15–24 years who can both read and write 1985-941/ 1995-041/ 2005-081/
World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 83.3 79.8 67.8 65.4 91.8 94.6 99.4 60.3 56.4 94.5 87.8 71.4 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 55.7 61.6 85.3 87.1 84.6 79.3 68.6 96.2 98.9 99.4 73.7 67.3 96.3 91.9 73.9 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 65.3 68.1 87.1 89.0 87.2 86.1 71.9 96.9 99.3 99.5 79.3 75.4 96.1 92.7 73.0 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 69.9 71.8 87.4

Goal 3
Promote gender equality and empower women

Target 3.A
Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015

Indicator 3.1
Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
(a) Primary education Ratio of girls to boys gross enrolment ratios 1991 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.89 0.87 0.82 0.84 0.98 0.92 1.00 0.76 0.74 0.97 0.87 0.90 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.80 0.83 0.96 2000 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.85 0.97 1.02 0.99 0.83 0.80 0.97 0.88 0.90 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.84 0.83 0.96 2008 0.97 0.96 0.94 0.91 0.97 1.04 0.99 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.92 0.89 0.99 0.98 1.00 1.00 0.92 0.92 0.95

(b) By sex Percentage of the population aged 15–24 years who can both read and write 1985-941/ 1995-041/ 2005-081/

CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) (b) Secondary education

Men Women Men Women Men Women

World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

87.7 85.3 77.4 72.9 91.5 97.1 99.3 71.6 66.9 95.5 93.6 76.6 99.7 99.8 99.7 99.1 64.2 67.6 87.3

78.6 74.2 57.7 58.3 92.0 91.9 99.5 48.3 46.0 93.5 81.6 66.1 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.6 47.6 56.1 83.3

90.2 88.5 85.2 75.6 95.8 99.2 99.2 81.1 73.9 96.6 95.6 76.1 99.7 99.8 99.7 99.0 72.2 74.6 88.0

83.8 80.6 73.3 62.3 96.5 98.6 99.5 65.6 60.8 96.1 88.1 71.5 99.8 99.9 99.8 99.6 58.9 62.2 86.2

91.7 90.3 89.8 76.8 96.7 99.4 99.3 85.7 79.7 96.3 95.6 72.0 99.7 99.8 99.6 99.5 74.5 77.6 87.2

86.4 84.1 82.2 67.1 97.2 99.2 99.7 73.3 71.0 95.8 89.8 74.1 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.6 65.5 66.3 87.7

Ratio of girls to boys gross enrolment ratios 1991 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 0.84 0.76 0.79 0.77 1.07 0.77 0.96 0.60 0.63 0.90 0.70 0.84 1.02 0.96 1.05 1.01 0.58 0.84 1.07 2000 0.92 0.89 0.94 0.81 1.07 0.94 0.99 0.76 0.88 0.97 0.78 0.91 1.01 0.98 1.02 1.01 0.80 0.84 1.04 2008 0.96 0.95 0.98 0.79 1.08 1.05 0.99 0.87 0.91 1.03 0.86 0.87 0.98 0.98 0.98 1.00 0.81 0.85 1.02

The regional averages presented in this table are calculated using a weighted average of the latest available observed data point for each country or territory for the reference period. UIS estimates have been used for countries with missing data.

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(c) Tertiary education Ratio of girls to boys gross enrolment ratios 1991 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 0.90 0.67 0.57 0.50 0.95 0.51 0.54 0.49 0.34 0.85 0.67 0.54 1.22 1.01 1.28 1.07 0.36 0.84 1.17 2000 0.99 0.83 0.76 0.70 1.16 0.70 0.63 0.67 0.71 0.98 0.82 0.83 1.22 0.92 1.28 1.19 0.60 0.78 1.30 2008 1.08 0.97 0.95 0.67 1.25 1.00 0.75 0.76 0.92 1.07 0.92 0.84 1.30 1.07 1.34 1.29 0.58 0.85 1.56

Indicator 3.3
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
Percentage of parliamentary seats occupied by women (Single or Lower House only) 1/ 1990 2000 2005 2010 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

12.8 10.4 2.6 7.2 11.9 22.1 8.6 20.2 17.8 5.7 5.9 10.4 4.6 1.2 16.3 27.8 7.2 14.0 15.5

12.5 10.8 2.1 9.1 14.8 19.9 12.9 19.9 14.6 6.7 5.6 9.7 4.7 3.4 7.3 7.1 7.5 17.5 8.4 7.3 7.7 13.3

15.6 13.9 5.4 14.2 19.0 26.0 16.4 19.4 17.2 8.8 9.0 15.5 5.0 3.0 10.2 9.9 10.5 20.9 15.0 13.0 13.4 18.3

19.0 17.6 9.0 18.4 22.7 29.4 20.1 19.5 14.5 18.2 20.1 19.3 9.4 2.5 14.6 15.1 14.2 23.5 18.3 19.1 21.6 21.0

Indicator 3.2
Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
Percentage of employees in non-agricultural wage employment who are women 1990 2000 2005 2008 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions 35.2 31.2 19.3 23.5 36.3 38.1 40.1 13.2 14.5 35.5 16.5 33.3 48.7 44.3 49.6 43.4 37.6 33.8 19.0 28.2 40.3 39.6 42.3 17.2 18.4 37.3 18.8 35.6 50.1 44.7 51.2 45.5 38.5 34.7 18.7 30.5 41.4 40.6 43.2 18.0 17.9 37.1 19.5 35.1 50.9 45.5 52.1 46.3 39.2 35.5 19.2 32.4 42.4 41.2 44.0 19.2 19.1 38.1 20.1 36.0 50.6 45.2 51.8 46.8

As of 31 January 2010.

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Indicator 4.3

Goal 4
Reduce child mortality

Proportion of one year-old children immunised against measles
Percentage of children 12-23 months who received at least one dose of measles vaccine 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe 1990 2000 78 86 46 166 33 36 28 97 105 50 44 66 39 62 23 8 19 2008 65 72 29 144 23 21 27 74 85 38 32 60 25 39 14 6 12 73 71 85 57 76 98 95 57 60 70 79 70 85 85 84 93 2000 72 70 93 55 92 85 88 58 68 80 84 68 95 93 97 91 93 2008 83 81 92 72 93 94 95 75 87 88 83 58 96 93 98 93 95

Target 4.A
Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

Indicator 4.1
Under-five mortality rate
Deaths of children before reaching the age of five per 1,000 live births

World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe

90 100 80 184 52 45 32 121 132 73 66 76 46 78 26 12 30

Indicator 4.2
Infant mortality rate
Deaths of children before reaching the age of one per 1,000 live births 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe 62 68 61 108 42 36 25 87 96 50 52 56 38 64 22 10 24 2000 54 59 38 98 28 29 22 71 78 37 35 50 33 52 19 6 16 2008 45 49 25 86 19 18 21 56 64 29 26 46 22 34 12 5 10

9

Goal 5
Improve maternal health

Target 5.B
Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health

Target 5.A
Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio

Indicator 5.3
Contraceptive prevalence rate
Percentage using contraception among women aged 15-49 who are married or in union 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe 55 52 44 12 62 54 63 78 74 40 30 48 46 28 61 54 63 70 60 17 25 50 2007 63 62 60 22 72 62 72 86 76 54 49 62 55 28 70 56 76 71 58 31 33 54

Indicator 5.1
Maternal mortality ratio
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2008 report.) Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs) 430 480 250 920 180 95 620 450 190 550 58 11 900 2005 400 450 160 900 130 50 170 490 570 300 160 430 51 9 870

Indicator 5.2
Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel Around 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe
1/ 1/

Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

Around 2008 66 63 80 46 86 98 100 45 41 75 78 57 98 97 99 99 99

58 53 46 41 72 94 97 30 25 46 62 54 97 93 99 99 98

Indicator 5.4
Adolescent birth rate
Births to women aged 15-19 years old per 1,000 women 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 60 65 43 124 91 81 92 15 4 89 123 53 62 83 52 45 55 29 48 133 106 77 2007 48 52 31 121 74 67 74 5 3 53 71 44 53 61 29 29 29 23 30 121 104 63
10

Includes only deliveries in health care institutions.

Indicator 5.5
Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits)
(a) At least one visit Percentage of women (15-49 years old) who received antenatal care during pregnancy from skilled health personnel, at least once Around 1990 World2/ Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania CIS, Asia (b) At least four visits Percentage of women (15-49 years old) who received antenatal care during pregnancy from any provider (whether skilled or unskilled), at least four visits 2003-20091/ World2/ Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania
1/ 2/

Goal 6
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Target 6.A
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

Around 2008 80 80 78 76 94 91 70 58 93 79 96

64 64 46 67 79 80 48 22 72 53 90

Indicator 6.1
HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
1990 2002 2008

Estimated Adults Estimated Adults Estimated Adults adult (15- (15+) living adult (15- (15+) living adult (15- (15+) living 49) HIV with HIV 49) HIV with HIV 49) HIV with HIV prevalence who are prevalence who are prevalence who are (%) women (%) (%) women (%) (%) women (%)

Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of SouthEastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

0.3 <0.1 1.9 0.3 1.1 0.3 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 0.2 <0.1 <0.1 0.1 <0.1 0.1 0.2 <0.1

51 28 57 29 46 24 29 29 31 23 43 29 29 43 34 43 15 39

0.9 <0.1 5.3 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.4 0.1

53 30 58 32 52 30 27 30 42 28 44 30 30 42 31 43 20 41

0.8 0.1 4.7 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.9 0.8 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.1

53 31 58 33 53 31 27 31 43 29 40 30 30 43 30 44 21 40

47 47 58 44 84 36 34 75 56

Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.

World value includes countries from the Developed Regions and from CIS Europe which account only for respectively 7 and 23 per cent of those regions population.

Indicator 5.6
Unmet need for family planning
Percentage of women, married or in union, of reproductive age (15-49 years old) with unmet need for family planning 1990 World Developing regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) 13.2 13.7 19.5 26.5 15.8 19.7 15.6 3.3 18.2 24.3 15.1 15.7 14.4 15.2 26.1 24.6 2007 11.2 11.4 9.9 24.8 10.5 20.1 9.9 2.3 14.7 20.7 10.9 12.2 13.4 15.0 24.4 24.8

1.4 2.5

55 56

2.0 3.8

58 58

1.8 3.1

58 58

0.6

45

0.8

47

0.8

47

1/ Data not available, epidemics in this region are recent and no data are available for earlier years.

11

Indicator 6.2
Condom use at last high-risk sex
Percentage population aged 15-24 years who used a condom at last highrisk sex1/, 2003-20082/
Women Men

Target 6.B
Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

Indicator 6.5
Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
Population living with advanced HIV who are receiving antiretroviral therapy, percentage1/ 2005 Developing Regions2/ Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia and Oceania Western Asia Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe 16 27 14 46 10 <1 7 2 28 4 6 4 13 16 22 2006 24 31 22 47 14 <1 12 3 37 8 11 8 23 27 30 2007 33 37 33 50 15 <1 21 7 50 13 13 13 35 38 42 2008 42 40 43 54 19 1 31 10 57 20 23 20 46 53 52

Number of Percent who Number of Percent who countries used a countries used a covered by condom at covered by condom at the surveys last high risk the surveys last high risk sex sex

Developing Regions Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean3/ Southern Asia CIS, Asia3/
1/

49 37 10 1 -

27 35 49 22 -

38 29 2 3

43 48 38 49

Percentage of young women and men 15-24 reporting the use of a condom during sexual intercourse with a non-regular (non-marital and non-cohabiting) sexual partner in the last 12 months, among those who had such a partner in the last 12 months. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period 2002-2008.

2/ 3/

Indicator 6.3
Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
Percentage of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive knowledge1/, 2003-2008 2/
Women Men

Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/ 2/

Number of Percent who Number of Percent who countries have countries have covered by the comprehensive covered by the comprehensive surveys knowledge surveys knowledge

High-income economies, as defined by the World Bank, are excluded. Values for developing regions include two countries from Western Asia.

World3/ Developing Regions3/ Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia Transition countries of SouthEastern Europe
1/

87 69 3 38 4 3 5 11 8 7

19 19 8 24 17 7 22 28 20 18

45 39 1 28 3 3 2

31 31 18 33 34 17 5

Target 6.C
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

Indicator 6.6
Incidence and deaths rates associated with malaria
(a) Incidence Number of new cases per 1,000 population,1/ 2008 World Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia 71 0 294 8 11 7 <1 6 13 13 26 4 173 <1 182 201 92

Percentage of young women and men 15-24 who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject two common local misconceptions, and who know that a healthy-looking person can transmit the AIDS virus.
2/ 3/

Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified. Excludes China.

Indicator 6.4
Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of nonorphans aged 10-14 years
Orphans to non-orphans school attendance ratio,1/ 2003-2008 2/
Number of countries Ratio of school attendance of orphans with data to school attendance of non-orphans

Western Asia Oceania CIS, Asia Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

Developing Regions Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia
1/

44 33 2 3

0.81 0.93 0.73 0.84

For populations at risk of malaria in malaria endemic countries.

Ratio of the current school attendance rate of children aged 10-14 both of whose biological parents have died to the current school attendance rate of children 10-14 both of whose parents are still alive and who currently live with at least one biological parent. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.

2/

12

(b) Deaths Number of deaths per 100,000 population,1/ 2008 All ages World Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania CIS, Asia Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

Indicator 6.8
Children under five 192 0 587 2 8 1 <0.5 0 7 8 14 3 100 <0.5 391 397 101 Developing Regions (41 countries) Sub-Saharan Africa (33 countries) Southern Asia (4 countries) Southern Asia excluding India (3 countries) (c) By residence Children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs, percentage, 2006-2009 Urban 23 41 9 3 Rural 16 30 7 3 Southern Asia (3 countries) (b) By sex Children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs, percentage, 2006-2009 Men 8 Women 6

Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
(a) Total Children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs, percentage, 2006-2009 Developing Regions (44 countries) Sub-Saharan Africa (34 countries) Southern Asia (4 countries) Southern Asia excluding India (3 countries) South-Eastern Asia (3 countries) 17 34 7 3 1

25 0 112 1 3 <0.5 <0.5 0 2 2 5 1 34 <0.5 71 78 24

For populations at risk of malaria in malaria endemic countries.

Indicator 6.7
Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
(a) Total Children under five who sleep under insecticide-treated bednets, percentage, 2006-2009 Sub-Saharan Africa (33 countries)
1/

Indicator 6.9
Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
(a) Incidence Number of new cases per 100,000 population (including HIV infected) 1/ 1990 World Developing Regions Children under five who sleep under insecticide-treated bednets, percentage, 2006-2009 Men Women 17 Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 130 (110;150) 150 (130;180) 59 (49;71) 180 (160;200) 90 (75;110) 96 (70;130) 89 (74;110) 120 (81;190) 170 (130;250) 240 (200;300) 58 (48;70) 200 (140;300) 99 (74;130) 120 (95;150) 91 (62;140) 28 (26;31) 110 (75;160) 2000 140 (130;140) 160 (150;170) 48 (44;52) 320 (300;340) 61 (57;67) 91 (79;110) 59 (54;64) 110 (90;130) 170 (150;200) 230 (210;250) 48 (43;53) 190 (160;230) 120 (110;130) 130 (120;150) 110 (96;130) 20 (19;21) 110 (97;140) 2008 140 (130; 150) 160 (160; 170) 43 (39; 47) 350 (330; 370) 46 (43; 50) 81 (70; 95) 44 (40; 47) 100 (85; 120) 170 (150; 200) 220 (200; 240) 34 (31; 37) 190 (160; 220) 110 (100; 120) 140 (130; 150) 100 (92; 120) 13 (13; 14) 76 (65; 89) 201/

Data for a subset of 26 countries in sub-Saharan Africa with trend data showed that the use of insecticide-treated bednets among children increased from 2 per cent in 2000 to 22 per cent in 2008.

(b) By sex

Sub-Saharan Africa (29 countries) (c) By residence

17

Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)

Children under five who sleep under insecticide-treated bednets, percentage, 2006-2009 Urban Sub-Saharan Africa (32 countries) 20 Rural 19

220 (190; 250) 270 (260; 290) 280 (270; 300) 170 (150; 190) 270 (260; 290) 280 (260; 300) 110 (100; 120) 110 (97; 120)

Small Island Developing 120 (95; 140) States (SIDS)
1/

Lower and upper bounds in brackets.

13

(b) Prevalence Number of existing cases per 100,000 population (including HIV infected) 1/ 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) 250 (200;330) 310 (240;410) 80 (52;170) 300 (240;380) 150 (90;250) 160 (97;320) 130 (85;260) 270 (150;510) 380 (240;660) 440 (320;630) 83 (49;160) 430 (250;790) 200 (120;320) 230 (150;360) 180 (97;350) 29 (21;43) 160 (70;380) 2000 220 (190;260) 270 (240;310) 33 (23;51) 480 (430;540) 66 (51;89) 130 (93;180) 60 (45;85) 210 (150;310) 270 (200;380) 460 (380;560) 59 (44;80) 130 (68;280) 120 (77;190) 150 (110;210) 100 (53;200) 14 (10;20) 97 (49;200) 2008 170 (150;210) 210 (170;250) 27 (18;44) 490 (430;560) 40 (30;58) 96 (64;150) 34 (25;55) 90 (43;200) 220 (150;330) 290 (220;380) 40 (29;59) 110 (51;260) 100 (65;170) 160 (120;210) 72 (33;170) 9 (6;13) 58 (28;130) World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

Indicator 6.10
Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course
(a) New cases detected under directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) DOTS smear-positive case detection rate, percentage 2000 40 (38;43) 39 (37;41) 89 (82;98) 39 (37;41) 70 (64;75) 51 (44;59) 72 (66;79) 33 (27;39) 37 (32;43) 40 (36;44) 52 (47;57) 31 (26;37) 58 (51;65) 60 (55;65) 57 (49;67) 87 (82;92) 99 (84;120) 35 (33;36) 38 (36;40) 42 (38;46) 2008 62 (58;66) 61 (58;65) 86 (78;94) 46 (44;49) 77 (71;82) 62 (53;72) 79 (73;85) 72 (60;86) 67 (58;77) 66 (60;72) 65 (59;71) 32 (28;37) 74 (68;82) 63 (58;69) 80 (70;91) 92 (87;97) 110 (93;130) 49 (46;51) 41 (38;43) 52 (47;57)

430 (350;560) 240 (190;300)

490 (440;550) 370 (320;430) 130 (110;170)

420 (380;490) 380 (330;450) 110 (84;150)

Small Island Developing 210 (140;330) States (SIDS)
1/

Lower and upper bounds in brackets.

Lower and upper bounds in brackets.

(c) Deaths Number of deaths per 100,000 population (excluding HIV infected) 1/ 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania CIS CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

(b) Patients successfully treated under directly observed treatment short course Treatment success, percentage 2000 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean 17 (11;27) 18 (9;38) 16 (10;27) 31 (13;77) 45 (24;94) 56 (35;96) 9 (6;17) 50 (24;120) 26 (15;47) 30 (20;49) 23 (11;52) 3 (2;4) 21 (10;49) 6 (5;8) 15 (8;27) 6 (5;7) 26 (13;54) 33 (20;54) 56 (38;85) 7 (5;11) 19 (10;41) 22 (20;26) 22 (19;36) 22 (20;23) 1 (1;1) 7 (7;8) 5 (4;7) 12 (8;21) 5 (4;7) 12 (6;26) 28 (17;46) 37 (26;53) 5 (4;8) 17 (9;37) 18 (13;25) 26 (19;36) 14 (9;24) 1 (1;1) 5 (4;6) Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia South Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 69 69 88 71 76 72 77 92 42 86 77 76 77 79 67 66 72 77 75 73 2007 86 87 87 79 82 80 83 94 88 89 86 46 64 75 59 61 85 85 80 74

2000 27 (21;34) 32 (25;42) 5 (3;8) 50 (40;67)

2008 21 (17;27) 25 (20;32) 4 (3;7) 52 (41;69)

30 (22;45) 38 (26;55) 11 (6;20) 33 (25;47)

50 (36;76) 29 (21;41) 24 (15;39)

56 (44;75) 40 (31;55) 16 (11;25)

50 (40;64) 42 (33;59) 15 (11;21)

Lower and upper bounds in brackets. 14

Indicator 7.2

Goal 7
Ensure environmental sustainability

CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
(a) Total 1/ Total emissions (millions of metric tons) 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Percentage of land area 1990 2000 31.4 29.5 1.4 29.5 49.6 28.1 49.9 18.0 14.0 14.1 7.3 51.3 3.0 65.1 39.6 3.9 48.1 30.4 30.5 31.0 18.2 63.7 2010 31.0 28.8 1.4 28.1 47.4 30.3 47.6 20.5 12.8 14.5 7.1 49.3 3.4 62.5 39.6 3.9 48.1 30.6 32.6 29.6 17.1 62.7 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania CIS 2/ CIS, Asia 2/ CIS, Europe 2/ Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Annex I countries 3/, 4/ Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania CIS2/ CIS, Asia 2/ CIS, Europe 2/ Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Annex I countries (b) Per capita Per capita emissions (metric tons of CO2) 1990 4.2 1.8 1.9 0.9 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.5 7.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 4.9 1.0 11.7 7.3 13.1 12.3 6.9 0.1 0.3 3.2 12.0 2000 3.9 2.1 2.5 0.8 2.6 2.9 2.6 3.0 7.2 1.1 1.2 1.5 6.0 1.0 7.6 4.6 8.6 12.4 4.3 0.2 1.2 3.2 12.2 2005 4.3 2.6 2.7 0.9 2.7 2.9 2.7 4.5 7.4 1.3 1.3 1.9 6.2 1.3 8.3 5.2 9.4 12.4 4.7 0.2 1.3 3.3 12.2 2007 4.4 2.8 2.8 0.9 2.8 3.2 2.8 5.1 7.7 1.4 1.5 2.0 6.6 1.1 8.6 5.9 9.6 12.2 5.0 0.2 1.4 3.3 12.1
15
3/, 4/

Target 7.A
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

2000

2005

2007

21,899 24,043 27,923 29,595 7,070 232 464 1,051 84 966 2,986 525 1,009 319 426 653 6 3,797 499 2,806 9,915 13,277 14,894 362 554 1,342 99 1,243 3,974 569 1,675 489 790 1,042 7 2,141 330 1,811 425 658 1,477 106 1,371 6,212 598 2,032 621 1,064 1,218 11 2,299 387 1,911 453 684 1,594 120 1,474 7,165 626 2,326 714 1,133 1,340 10 2,372 445 1,926

Indicator 7.1
Proportion of land area covered by forest

World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

32.0 30.8 1.4 31.2 52.0 25.8 52.3 16.4 15.2 14.1 7.8 56.9 2.8 67.5 39.5 3.9 48.0 30.0 30.2 32.7 19.3 64.6

10,907 11,768 12,084 12,053 243 64 56 139 169 112 400 163 180 167 460 182 191 185 523 190

11,615 12,577 12,958 13,026

(c) Per $1 GDP (PPP) Per $1 GDP (PPP) (kilograms of CO2) 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2/ CIS, Asia 2/ CIS, Europe 2/ Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Annex I countries 3/, 4/
1/

Indicator 7.3
Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
2007 0.47 0.58 0.50 0.45 0.29 0.55 0.29 0.86 0.36 0.53 0.49 0.47 0.53 0.29 0.86 1.21 0.81 0.36 0.54 0.20 0.71 0.36 0.38 Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia All ODSs consumption in ODP-tonnes 19901/ 247,582 6,203 23,449 76,048 2,177 73,871 103,217 12,904 3,338 3,338 21,108 11,516 47 139,454 2,738 136,716 826,807 6,239 1,462 3,354 7,162 2000 212,514 8,129 9,561 31,087 1,669 29,418 105,762 14,885 28,161 9,466 16,831 11,882 129 27,585 928 26,657 24,060 966 4,786 2,386 2,147 2008 44,689 1,347 1,327 6,715 219 6,496 21,530 4,144 4,057 1,152 2,916 6,605 10 1,719 183 1,536 -1,7922/ 113 1,075 437 396

2000 0.50 0.59 0.54 0.54 0.31 0.59 0.31 0.87 0.45 0.62 0.51 0.47 0.58 0.25 1.27 1.80 1.20 0.41 0.70 0.19 0.96 0.43 0.43

2005 0.49 0.60 0.52 0.50 0.30 0.55 0.30 0.92 0.38 0.55 0.49 0.50 0.54 0.38 0.98 1.33 0.93 0.38 0.58 0.21 0.76 0.41 0.40

0.54 0.65 0.43 0.58 0.33 0.61 0.33 1.46 0.44 0.60 0.49 0.42 0.52 0.30 1.54 2.37 1.45 0.49 0.99 0.18 0.30 0.59 0.51

CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

Total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuels (expressed in million metric tons of CO2) includes CO2 emissions from: solid fuel consumption, liquid fuel consumption, gas fuel consumption; cement production; and gas flaring (United States Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - CDIAC). The 1990 column shows 1992 data.

For years prior to the entry into force of the reporting requirement for a group of substances, missing country consumption values have been estimated at the base year level. This applies to substances in Annexes B, C and E, whose years of entry into force are 1992, 1992 and 1994 respectively. Negative numbers will occur where exports plus destruction exceed actual production plus imports.

2/

2/ 3/

Indicator 7.4
Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
(No new global or regional data are available. Data presented are from 2009 report.) Percentage of fish stocks within safe biological limits 1990 Total Fully exploited Under- and moderately exploited 81 50 31 2000 72 47 25 2006 72 52 20

Based on the annual national emission inventories of Annex I countries (with the exception of Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine, which are included in CIS) that report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; non-annex I countries do not have annual reporting obligations. Excludes emissions/removals from land use, land-use change and forestry.

4/

16

Indicator 7.5
Proportion of total water resources used
Surface water and groundwater withdrawal as percentage of total actual renewable water resources (TARWR), around 20001/ Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

(b) Terrestrial
Terrestrial protected area ratio to total surface area, percentage1/,2/ 1990 World
3/

2000 10.7 12.4 3.7 11.3 16.1 9.8 16.2 14.9 12.1 6.1 6.8 13.0 15.4 3.0 7.7 3.0 8.8 12.9 4.7 10.0 10.8 6.3

2009 11.6 13.9 4.0 11.7 20.8 11.1 20.9 15.9 12.1 6.4 7.4 13.6 15.5 3.0 7.7 3.0 8.8 13.6 6.9 10.2 11.2 6.7

6.7 77.5 2.2 1.4 21.6 19.2 26.8 19.6 4.5 47.5 0.02 5.2 9.2 7.5 3.5 8.2 1.3

8.7 9.4 3.3 11.1 10.5 9.1 10.5 12.0 4.0 5.5 5.9 8.6 4.0 2.0 7.0 2.7 7.9 11.6 2.9 9.4 8.8 4.0

Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

Differences in figures when compared to the statistical annex of the 2009 MDG Report are due to new available data.

Target 7.B
Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss

Indicator 7.6
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (a) Terrestrial and marine
Protected area ratio (terrestrial and marine combined) to total territorial area, percentage 1/,2/ 1990 World 3/ Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 7.9 8.1 3.2 10.4 9.4 3.5 9.6 11.6 3.9 5.3 5.7 4.3 3.7 0.5 6.7 2.7 7.6 10.8 2.8 8.5 8.8 1.4 2000 9.9 10.9 3.7 10.6 15.2 4.0 15.6 14.4 11.5 5.9 6.5 6.7 14.4 1.1 7.8 3.0 8.8 12.1 4.9 9.2 10.8 2.7 2009 10.9 12.4 4.0 11.1 19.3 4.6 19.9 15.3 11.5 6.2 7.1 7.3 14.5 1.6 7.8 3.0 8.8 13.1 7.0 9.5 11.2 3.2

(c) Marine
Marine protected area ratio to total territorial waters, percentage1/,2/ 1990 World
3/

2000 5.0 2.9 2.1 1.5 9.0 1.6 10.7 1.7 3.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 2.0 0.6 8.9 0.4 8.9 8.1 9.8 1.1 0.0 1.2

2009 6.3 3.5 3.1 1.8 9.8 2.0 11.6 1.9 3.4 1.6 1.5 1.8 2.2 1.2 8.9 0.4 8.9 11.0 10.8 2.0 0.0 1.8

2.9 0.9 1.6 0.7 2.3 1.2 2.6 1.2 3.2 1.3 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.1 3.2 0.2 3.2 6.5 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.4

Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) 4/ Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

Differences in figures when compared to the statistical annex of the 2009 MDG Report are due to new available data and revised methodologies. Protected areas with unknown year of establishment are included in all years.

2/ 3/

Includes territories that are not considered in the calculations of CIS, Developed and Developing Regions aggregates. Some LLDCs have territorial water claims within inland seas.

4/

17

Indicator 7.7
Proportion of species threatened with extinction
(No new global or regional data are available for mammals. Data presented are from 2009 report.) Percentage of species not expected to go extinct in the near future1/ Birds Mammals

Indicator 7.9
Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
Percentage of population using an improved sanitation facility 1990 2008

Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural World 54 41 72 28 69 43 861/ 25 42 46 80 55 89 91 89 99 24 77 65 91 43 81 53 881/ 56 74 69 96 85 94 96 94 100 43 36 28 55 21 39 39 781/ 13 30 36 53 46 79 86 76 97 19 61 52 89 31 80 56 97 36 50 69 85 53 89 91 89 99 36 76 68 94 44 86 61 99 57 65 79 94 81 93 91 94 100 50 45 40 83 24 55 53 92 26 42 60 67 45 83 91 76 96 31

1994 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Developed Regions
1/

2008 93.09 95.71 92.19 97.12 93.60 95.93 93.35 92.95 95.78 95.52 92.66 96.99 91.41 91.85

1996 86.03 85.87 90.18 86.76 87.09 89.81 87.59 91.42 86.92 84.27 92.95 85.16 92.28 91.04

2008 85.33 85.13 89.82 86.59 86.56 89.94 87.04 90.67 86.21 82.59 92.50 84.39 91.68 90.79
1/

Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

93.51 96.44 92.55 97.60 93.75 96.01 93.49 93.10 96.19 95.99 93.40 97.60 91.86 92.20

IUCN Red List Index values for non-Data Deficient species.

Data from 1995. These data are based on a subset of countries different from those used for the 2008 estimates.

Target 7.C
Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

Target 7.D
By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers

Indicator 7.8
Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
Percentage of population using an improved drinking water source 1990 2008

Indicator 7.10
Proportion of urban population living in slums
Percentage of urban population living in slums 1/ 1990 Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania
1/

Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
1/

2000 39.3 20.3 65.0 29.2 37.4 45.8 39.6 20.6 24.1

2010 32.7 13.3 61.7 23.5 28.2 35.0 31.0 24.6 24.1

77 71 86 49 85 69 931/ 75 82 72 86 51 92 88 94 99 54

95 93 94 83 95 97 971/ 91 95 92 96 92 98 96 98 100 81

64 60 78 36 63 56 801/ 69 77 63 70 38 82 80 82 98 47

87 84 92 60 93 89 98 87 85 86 90 50 94 88 96 100 62

96 94 95 83 97 98 100 95 93 92 96 92 98 97 98 100 80

78 76 87 47 80 82 91 83 80 81 78 37 87 80 91 98 54

46.1 34.4 70.0 33.7 43.7 57.2 49.5 22.5 24.1

Represented by the urban population living in households with at least one of the four characteristics: lack of access to improved drinking water, lack of access to improved sanitation, overcrowding (three or more persons per room) and dwellings made of nondurable material. Half of pit latrines are considered improved sanitation. These new slum figures are not comparable to the slum estimates published previously where all households using pit latrines were considered as slum households.

Data from 1995.

18

Goal 8
Develop a global partnership for development

Indicator 8.3
Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
All OECD/DAC countries 1/ 1990 Percentage of aid that is untied In billion US $
1/

Target 8.A
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally

2003 91.1 30.1

2005 91.4 49

2006 88.3 62.2

2007 83.9 60.3

2008 86.5 80.6

67.6 16.3

Excludes technical co-operation and administrative costs as well as ODA for which the tying status is not reported. The percentage of bilateral ODA, excluding technical co-operation and administrative costs, with reported tying status was 99.6 % in 2008.

Target 8.B
Address the special needs of the least developed countries Includes: tariff and quota free access for least developed countries’ exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction

Indicator 8.4
ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes
Landlocked developing countries 1990 Percentage of recipients’ GNIs In billion US $ 6.3 7.0 2003 8.1 12.1 2005 7.0 15.0 2006 6.2 16.6 2007 5.6 18.9 2008 4.2 22.6

Target 8.C
Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)

Indicator 8.5
ODA received in small island developing states as a proportion of their gross national incomes
Small islands developing states 1990 Percentage of recipients’ GNIs In billion US $ 2.7 2.1 2003 2.5 1.8 2005 2.5 2.5 2006 2.5 2.7 2007 2.8 3.2 2008 2.7 3.7

Target 8.D
Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term

Official development assistance (ODA)
Indicator 8.1
Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as a percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income
(a) Annual total assistance1/, billions of current US dollars

Market access
Indicator 8.6
Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty
Percentage of total developed country imports 1996 (a) Excluding arms 2000 2004 2006 2008

1990 All developing countries LDCs
p/ 1/

2002

2005

2006

2007

2008 2009/p

52.8 15.1

58.6 107.8 104.8 104.2 122.3 119.6 15.9 26.1 30.1 32.1 37.1

Preliminary data Includes non-ODA debt forgiveness but excludes forgiveness of debt for military purposes.

(b) Share of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income, percentage

Developing countries/1 LDCs

53 68

63 75

76 82

81 89

84 92

1990 All developing countries 0.32 LDCs
p/

2002 0.23 0.06

2005 0.32 0.08

2006 0.3 0.09

2007 0.27 0.08

2008 2009 0.3 0.09

/p

(b) Excluding arms and oil Developing countries/1 Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean 54 20 88 58 74 35 41 60 45 82 59 78 65 26 83 58 82 52 46 76 56 79 59 70 76 94 91 93 92 63 62 76 89 84 87 80 77 95 93 97 93 64 62 78 93 87 89 79 80 95 94 96 93 68 66 80 95 91 91 81

0.31

0.09

Preliminary data

Indicator 8.2
Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
All OECD/DAC donors 1998 Percentage of bilateral, sector10.7 allocable aid In billion US $ 3.0 2000 15.5 4.3 2002 17.3 4.9 2004 15.9 7.7 2006 20.0 11.5 2008 18.6 15.5
/1

Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania CIS LDCs Includes CIS countries.

19

Indicator 8.7
Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
Percentage 1996 (a) Agricultural goods Developing countries LDCs (b) Textiles Developing countries LDCs (c) Clothing Developing countries LDCs 11.5 8.2 10.8 7.8 8.6 6.4 8.2 6.4 7.3 4.6 6.6 4.1 5.2 3.2 5.1 3.2 10.5 3.9 9.3 3.6 9.1 3.0 8.0 1.6 2000 2004 2008

Indicator 8.12
Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services and net income from abroad1/ 1990 Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia 19.7 39.9 17.6 20.6 16.8 20.7 10.6 17.6 9.3 16.7 27.8 14.0 0.62/ 0.62/ 0.62/ 9.7 16.8 14.9 13.7 1995 14.4 22.7 10.4 18.7 10.8 19.0 9.0 27.0 22.3 7.9 22.3 7.8 6.1 3.8 6.2 11.7 13.4 7.3 9.5 2000 12.6 15.4 9.4 21.8 8.0 22.2 5.1 13.8 11.5 6.5 17.5 5.9 8.1 8.4 8.1 11.8 11.6 8.6 8.7 2008 3.5 6.1 1.9 6.7 11.3 6.6 0.6 5.4 7.9 2.8 9.5 1.2 3.9 0.6 4.4 4.1 2.9 1.2 8.4

Indicator 8.8
Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product
Agriculture support estimate in OECD countries 1990 As percentage of OECD countries’ GDP In billion US $
p/

Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

2003 1.17 350

2005 1.05 375

2006 0.96 363

2007 2008/p 0.88 364 0.84 376

2.05 327

Preliminary data

Indicator 8.9
Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity
Aid for trade proxies as a percent of bilateral sector allocable ODA, World 2001 Trade policy and regulations & traderelated adjustment /1 Economic infrastructure Building productive capacity Total aid for trade
/1

Includes countries reporting to the World Bank’s Debtor Reporting System, Aggregates are based on available data and for some years might exclude countries that do not have data on exports of goods and services and net income from abroad. Data are for 1993.

2/

2003 0.8 14.8 13.4 29.0

2005 0.8 17.2 12.8 30.7

2007 0.8 13.1 13.3 27.2

2008 0.8 18.1 14.7 33.7

1.0 21.5 16.0 38.5

Target 8.E
In co-operation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries

Indicator 8.13
Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
(No global or regional data are available.)

Reporting of trade-related adjustment data commenced in 2007. Only Canada and the EC reported.

Debt sustainability
Indicator 8.10
Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
Number of countries 20001/ Reached completion point Reached decision point but not completion point Yet to be considered for decision point Total eligible countries
1/ 2/

20102/ 28 7 5 40

1 21 12 34

As of December 2000. Only includes countries that are HIPC in 2010. As of March 2010.

Indicator 8.11
Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI initiative
Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI initiatives (US$ billions, cumulative)1/ 2000 To countries that reached decision or completion point
1/ 2/

20102/ 82

32

Expressed in end-2008 net present value terms. Commitment status as of March 2010.

Excludes $38.4 million (in nominal terms) of committed debt relief by the IDA to Afghanistan and $201.3 million (in nominal terms) of committed debt relief from IDA and IMF to Congo. 20

Target 8.F
In co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

Indicator 8.16
Internet users per 100 population
Number of Internet users per 100 population 1995 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India 1/ South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia 1/ CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) 2/ Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) 1/ Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/ 2/

Indicator 8.14
Telephone lines per 100 population
Number of fixed telephone lines per 100 population 1990 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 9.8 2.4 2.8 1.0 6.3 7.0 6.2 2.4 24.8 0.7 1.0 1.3 9.7 3.3 12.5 7.9 13.9 42.4 13.1 0.3 2.4 7.9 2000 15.9 8.0 7.1 1.4 14.7 11.2 15.0 13.8 42.8 3.2 3.4 4.8 17.8 5.2 18.6 8.8 21.9 55.0 21.1 0.5 2.8 12.9 2008 18.5 12.9 12.5 1.4 18.6 11.2 19.1 26.5 39.2 4.4 7.2 13.6 17.1 5.4 26.0 12.0 31.3 45.9 25.9 1.0 3.8 12.4

2000 6.5 2.0 0.7 0.5 3.9 2.8 4.0 3.6 27.0 0.5 0.3 2.4 4.0 1.8 1.4 0.5 1.7 29.8 3.4 0.1 0.3 4.9

2008 23.4 15.1 19.1 6.0 28.8 19.9 29.5 24.6 54.4 5.8 9.1 13.9 23.8 6.0 22.9 12.3 27.0 67.7 31.7 2.1 5.2 20.8

0.7 0.1 <0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.9 <0.1 <0.1 0.1 0.1 <0.1 0.1 <0.1 0.1 3.9 0.1 <0.1 <0.1 0.2

The 1995 column shows 1996 data.

The 1995 column shows 1998 data.

Sources Indicator 8.15
Cellular subscribers per 100 population
Number of cellular subscriptions per 100 population 1995 World Developing Regions Northern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Eastern Asia Eastern Asia excluding China Southern Asia Southern Asia excluding India South-Eastern Asia Western Asia Oceania Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) CIS, Asia CIS, Europe Developed Regions Transition countries of South-Eastern Europe Least Developed Countries (LDCs)1/ Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
1/

United Nations Inter-Agency and Expert Group on the Millennium Development Goals Indicators and MDG Indicators Database (http://mdgs.un.org). 2000 12.1 5.5 2.7 1.7 12.2 6.4 12.6 9.9 49.9 0.4 0.5 4.3 14.9 2.4 1.8 1.3 2.0 47.7 8.9 0.3 1.1 10.3 2008 59.7 48.8 66.7 31.8 80.1 49.8 82.4 50.4 81.1 32.7 40.9 66.3 80.1 20.9 113.4 63.4 132.4 104.6 111.9 20.9 27.8 51.6

1.6 0.4 <0.1 0.1 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.5 3.4 <0.1 <0.1 0.7 0.9 0.2 <0.1 <0.1 0.1 7.8 0.1 <0.1 <0.1 1.5

Notes
Except where indicated, regional groupings are based on United Nations geographical regions with some modifications necessary to create to the extent possible homogenous groups of countries for analysis and presentation. The regional composition adopted for 2010 reporting of MDG indicators is available at http://mdgs.un.org under “Data”. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) comprises Belarus, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation and Ukraine in Europe, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, in Asia. Where shown, “Developed Regions” comprises Europe (except CIS countries), Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand and the United States. Developed Regions always include transition countries in Europe.

The 1995 column shows 1996 data.

21