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RF Communication Experiment 1 RF Modulations

I. Introduction Review the theory part and understand RF modulation formats. Get familiar with analogue and digital modulations and measure their generated spectra. II. Objectives 1. Get acquainted with the Real time spectrum analyzer 2. Use the spectrum analyzer to capture the signals and look at their Fourier spectra. II. Lab Preparation Assignment 1. Review the foundation material about analogue and digital modulations. 2. Download and read manuals of Tektronix RSA 3408 Real-Time Spectrum Analyzer (hereafter referred as Analyzer). III. Required Equipment Tektronix RSA 3408 Real-Time Spectrum Analyzer (hereafter referred as Analyzer), PTSA Rapid demo board, 50 Ohm SMA cables, Adaptors IV. Procedure 1. The experiment requires the following connection: (a) Connect the rapid demo board MODRF-out to the Analyzer Input (b) Connect the demo board to its DC power supply (c) Note: Slowly and carefully connect the SMA connectors. They have a smaller center pin diameter and smaller outer jacket with a finer thread. It is easier to break compared with BNC cable. The SMA connection cable is a weaker type of cable with a very small diameter. You can easily break them. HANDLE WITH CARE! 2. The instruments’ setup (a) Turn on the Analyzer. On the front panel-Utility section, press the System key on the front panel and then press the Reset All to Factory Defaults side key. (b) Switch on the demo board. Press the demo board CW button and then AM button to turn on the AM mode with a constant carrier of 2.4453 GHz, and a modulating signal of 3.072 MHz. Ensure the LEDs besides these two buttons are solid lit.

3. Catch a RF signal using the Analyzer. (a) Press Demod key in front panel-Display section. Then press Analog Demod > AM Demod side key. (b) Press Frequency/Channel key in front panel-Measurement section. Set Center Freq = . (c) Press Span key in front panel-Measurement section. Set Span = . (d) Press Amplitude key in front panel-Measurement section. Press Auto Level. Ensure RF Atten/Mixer is Auto.

Then press side key Spectrum Analyzer. Press the demo board AM button to turn off AM. Press S/A key again and choose Real Time S/A. Then press HOP button. (i) Press Trig key in front panel-Measurement section. (g) Press Measure key in front panel-Measurement section. bandwidth efficiency. Press “Constellation”. and “Eye Diagram” respectively. . To view the frequency spectrum of HOP. Set Mode as Free Run and Repeat as Single. (h) The overview of the Analyzer is the Power versus Time graph. observe what displays in the main view window.(e) Press Timing key in front panel-Measurement section. Positive peak AM= . Press Frequency/Channel key in front panel-Measurement section. Press Frequency/Channel key in front panel-Measurement section. “Symbol Table”. Observe the difference between the realtime and swept display. FM and QPSK.____________________ 6. and the main view displays the modulation factor versus time graph and measurement results. Press the System key on the front panel and then press the Reset All to Factory Defaults side key to reset the Analyzer. Press the System key on the front panel and then press the Reset All to Factory Defaults side key to reset the Analyzer. Then press QPSK button. Set Span = . (l) What is the signal bandwidth?________________ 4. Negative peak AM = . On the front panel-Display > Mode section. (j) Press Run/Stop to view different measurement results. Press S/A key and choose S/A with Spectrogram. Press DEMO key and then press side key Digital Demod again. subview (upper right) and main view (bottom) of the Analyzer display when the FM signal is the input? 7. 5. press the S/A key. Press the demo board HOP button to turn off HOP. What will the overview (upper left). the subview is spectrum. Then press Show Measurements. Write a short note about the different modulation formats. What is the total occupied bandwidth and what is the instantaneous bandwidth of the signal?__________________. Total AM = . (AM. Press Span key in front panel-Measurement section. 2. Observe this “Swept” display. Press DEMO key and then press side key Digital Demod. Press “Modulation Parameters” side key. (k) Record the modulator factors. and noise advantages and disadvantages of each of them. Press MEAS SETUP key and set Modulation Type as QPSK. Is it consistent with what you expect? In your report: 1. Set Center Freq = . = Press Span key in front panel-Measurement section. 8. Discuss the relationship between the time domain and frequency domain of the signals. Set Acquisition Length(s) = . (f) Press Trig key in front panel-Measurement section. Set Center Freq . Set Symbol Rate = . Set Span = .) and discuss the power efficiency. Set Mode as Free Run and Repeat as Continuous.