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26/1/2018 Advances in CO2 capture technology—The U.S.

Department of Energy's Carbon Sequestration Program - ScienceDirect

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Abstract
Keywords
1. Introduction
2. Carbon capture technologies
3. Conclusions
Acknowledgement
References

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Table 1

International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control


Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 9-20

Review

Advances in CO2 capture technology—The U.S. Department of


Energy's Carbon Sequestration Program ☆
José D. Figueroa a , Timothy Fout a, Sean Plasynski a, Howard McIlvried b, Rameshwar D. Srivastava b

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https://doi.org/10.1016/S1750-5836(07)00094-1 Get rights and content

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750583607000941 1/4
26/1/2018 Advances in CO2 capture technology—The U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Sequestration Program - ScienceDirect

Abstract
There is growing concern that anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are
contributing to global climate change. Therefore, it is critical to develop technologies to
mitigate this problem. One very promising approach to reducing CO2 emissions is CO2
capture at a power plant, transport to an injection site, and sequestration for long-term
storage in any of a variety of suitable geologic formations. However, if the promise of this
approach is to come to fruition, capture costs will have to be reduced. The Department of
Energy's Carbon Sequestration Program is actively pursuing this goal. CO2 capture from
coal-derived power generation can be achieved by various approaches: post-combustion
capture, pre-combustion capture, and oxy-combustion. All three of these pathways are
under investigation, some at an early stage of development. A wide variety of separation
techniques is being pursued, including gas phase separation, absorption into a liquid, and
adsorption on a solid, as well as hybrid processes, such as adsorption/membrane systems.
Current efforts cover not only improvements to state-of-the-art technologies but also
development of several innovative concepts, such as metal organic frameworks, ionic
liquids, and enzyme-based systems. This paper discusses the current status of the
development of CO2 capture technology.

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Keywords
Carbon dioxide capture; Post-combustion; Pre-combustion; Oxy-combustion

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