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HEAT BALANCE:

Water
Q = mCpdT 20 70

M = 6000 KG/HR 125 125


Steam
Cp = 2.68 KJ/KG°C ∆T1 = 105

∆T2 = 55
T1 = 20 °C
****-PIPE
T2 = 70 °C PIPE DIA (IN) = 27 mm

Q = 804000 Kcal/hr = 0.02664 m

Q = 223 Kcal/s PIPE DIA (out) = 33.4 mm

= 0.0334 m
CROSS SEC AREA = П/4d2
K = 0.158 W/M°C
CROSS SEC AREA = 0.0009 m2
Cp = 2.68 KJ/KG°C

FLUID VELOCITY = ?

Q = A*V DENSITY = 763 Kg/m3

MASS FLOW RATE/ρ = A*V Viscosity(µ) = 0.00068 Kg/ms

V = M/(ρ*A) µw = 480 Kg/ms

V = 2.49 m/s
NRE = ρvd/µ

FLOW IS TURBULENT NRE = 74125

.,Nu = C*(NRE NPR ) NPR =


0.88 0.33
µCp/K

C = 0.023 NPR = 11.602

NRE0.8 = 7870

NPR0.33 = 2.25

.,Nu = 406

Nu = hD/k

406 = hD/k
hi = 2411 w/m°c

Steam co-efficient(ho) = 5000 w/m°c

Overall heat transfer co-efficient

1/u0 = 1/hi+1/h0+d0ln(do/di)/2kw+do/di

1/hi = 0.00041 0.0006

1/hi = 0.0002

doln(do/di) = 0.00755314
Jh = hf
doln(do/di)/2kw = 0.000008
JH = jhNRe
do/di = 1.25375375
JH = NuPr-1/3(µ/µ)-0.14
1/u0 = 0.0006
JH = 179.5357
1/u0 = 0.0006
JH = jhNRe
u0 = 1601 w/m °C2

179.535697 = jhNRe
(∆T)ln = (∆T1-∆T2)/ln(∆T1/∆T2)
jh = 0.0024221
(∆T)ln = 77.32 °C

Area HE = ?

Q = UOA(∆T)ln

A = Q/UO(∆T)ln

A = 6.50 m2

Surface area = П*4*do

= 0.42

A = ПdoL

L = 94.01

No of tubes = 15

No of tubes ~ 15
Cross sectional
area one tube = 0.00056 m2

volumetric flow rate = 0.00218 m3/s

Tube side velocity = volumetric flow /cross sectional area per pass

So, cross sectional


area per pass
= 0.00218 m2

Number of passes = total cross sectional area /cross sectional area per pass

= 3.9491

= 4

Pressure drop

∆pt = No of passes(8hf(l/do+2.5)(ρv2/2)

= 23434.2373 N/m2

∆pt = 0.23 bar


Evaporation Loss Calculation in Evaporative Condenser

EC LOSS Formula for Evaporation loss = Recirculation rate x ∆T x Evaporation factor


(m3/hr)
556

Evaporation loss factor for water = 0.9


∆T = Difference between Sump and Refrigerant temp

BLOW DOWN

Blowdown quantity to be given : Evap loss/(COC - 1)

COC = Recirculation rate/ Make-up water

For -25/100 TR Frick EC losses

Known parameters: Quantity of water flow = 3004 gpm

1 gallon (US) = 3.78 litre


3004 gallom = 11355.12 lpm
.= 681.3 m3/hr

∆T = 41-30 diff: 11 deg C

EC loss = 12.13106 Square meter per hour

Blowdown quantity = EL/(COC-1)

COC = 56.16653

B/D = 0.219906 m3/hr


= 219 litres per hour