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Scientific Name Common Name Class Order Species Affected Description Diseases Transmitted by

Causes: Flea Allergy Dermatitis & Milliary

Dermatitis Transmits:
Species-specific, adults do Bartonella sp., rickettsiae, filarid &
Ctenocephalides felis Flea Insecta Siphonaptera Mammals, Avian not like to leave host cestode parasites,

Sheep, Swine, larger than Mallophaga,

Monkeys, Dogs (DO head is narrower at thorax,
Haematopinus, NOT parasitize birds live on skin, eggs on hair Causes: Pediculosis, Severe Anemia,
Soenopotes capillatus , Sucking Lice Insecta Anoplura & cats) shaft, Ingest Blood Transmitted: Direct & Fomites

smaller than Anoplura,

Birds, Dogs, Cats, head is wider at thorax, live
Cattle, Sheep, Goats, on skin, eggs on hair shaft, Causes: Pediculosis, Transmitted: Direct
Damalinia bovis Chewing/Biting Lice Insecta Mallophaga Horses Ingest blood & Fomites

Transmission: Direct, Found

in external ear canal, feed
on epidermal debris, highly
Otodectes cynotis Ear Mites Arachnidia Astigmata Dogs, Cats, Ferrets contagious Causes: Otitis externa

Transmission: direct &

Mammals, fomites, entire lifecycle
Sarcoptes scabei sp. Scabies ZOONOTIC but often occurs on animal, live in Causes: Sarcoptic acariasis (scabies),
Notoedres cati (cats) (have pedicles on legs) Arachnida Sarcoptiformes self-limiting epidermis extremely pruritic

species-specific, cats rarely

infected, live in hair follicles
& sebaceous glands, canine
Demodex sp. (canis, equi, Demodex (8-legged demodex are thinner than Causes: Demodicosis (usually in immune
ovis, cati, bovis, caprae ) Alligator) Arachnida Trombidiformes Mammals feline, transmission: direct compromised animals), not pruritic
Walking Dandruff (hook- reside in keratin layer of
like accessory mouthparts Dogs, Cats, Rabbits, skin & ingest debris,
& comb-like structures at ZOONOTIC but self- Transmission: Direct &
Cheyletiella sp. tip of legs) Arachnida Trombidiformeslimiting Fomites Causes: Pruritis

Causes: Tick Paralysis, Anemia

Transmits: Human Granulocytic
American Dog Tick, Wood Rodents, Dogs, Ehrlichiosis, Turalemia, Cytauxzoonosis,
Demacentor variabilis Tick Arachnida Ixodida Humans inhabits grassy areas Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever,

Causes: Tick paralysis, Anemia

Transmits: Canine Ehrlichiosis, Rocky
Mountain Spotted Fever, Babiesa canis ,
Ripicephalus sanguineus Brown Dog Tick Arachnida Ixodida Dogs infests buildings/kennels Hepatozoonosis, Haemabartonellosis

Causes: Tick Paralysis, Anemia

Transmits: Rocky Mountain Spotted
Fever, Tularemia, Q Fever, Human
found in Midwest & Monocytic Ehrlichiosis, Southern Tick-
Amblyomma Dogs, Cats, Humans, Southern U.S., found on Associated Rash Illness (STARI) in
americanum Lone Star Tick Arachnida Ixodida wildlife head, belly, & flanks of host humans

Causes: Tick Paralyisis, Anemia

Transmits: Lyme Disease (Borrelia
Deer Tick (black-legged, burgdorferi ), Human Granulocytic
females have a red lower Deer, Humans, infests wooded, trails, and Ehrlichiosis, Human Babesiosis,
Ixodes scapularis half) Arachnida Ixodida livestock, Birds scrub areas Encephalitis,

Trypanosoma cruzi (Chaga's disease)-

severe protozoan disease in dogs &
Reduvid sp. Kissing Bugs Insecta Hemiptera Mammals, Humans periodic parasites humans
larvae are parasitic, feed on serous tissues,
Chigger (red to yellow Birds, Mammals, digests host cells, leaves
Trombicula sp. color) Arachnidia Trombidiforma Humans host after feeding Causes: orange crusting dermatosis

found on ears of host,

livestock, dogs, cats, severe bites & painful
Amblyomma maculatum Gulf Coast Tick Arachnida Ixodida wildlife, Humans swellings Causes: Tick Paralysis

eradicated from the U.S.,

must be reported if found,
Texas Cattle Fever tick stays on the host for entire Transmits: Babesia bigemia (cattle),
Boophilus annulatus (North American Tick) Arachnida Ixodida Cattle lifecycle Causes: Anemia

nematodes found in
stomach mucosa of horses,
cause skin lesions (summer
sores) in horses, flies are Causes: Summer sores, Gastritis, Colic,
Habronema sp. Habronema Secernentea Spirurida Horses intermediate host Diarrhea

found in subcutaneous
tissues of the skin,
crustaceans are
intermediate host, dogs
Dracunuculus (Guinea infected by drinking water
Dracunulus insignis Worm) Secernentea Spirurida Dog, Humans containing crustaceans Causes: ulcerous skin lesion
Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved Nov 11, 2010, from:
Hendrix, Charles M. & Robinson, Ed. (2006). Diagnostic Parasitology for Veterinary Technicians. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.
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