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ACTIVITY 1 : MICROORGANISM

EXERCISE 1 . UNDERLINE THE CORRECT ANSWER.

1. Microorganisms are (living things / non-living things)

2. “ Micro” means ( tiny / large)

3. Organism means ( living things/ non-living things)

4. Microorganism can be found only by (telescope/microscope)

5 They exist in different shapes, sizes and colour. They can be found in air , soil, and water and in or
on the plants and animals. They are ( protozoa / bacteria)

6. They eat from live organisms. They are the smallest of all microorganisms. They are ( yeast/
viruses )

7. They can be found in lake, ponds (kolam), rivers and lakes (tasik). They geat food from other
microorganisms. They are ( Yeast/ Protozoa)

8. They can be found on mouldy bread and rotten food. They are ( Protozoa/ Fungi)

9. All microorganisms breathe. During breathing, (carbon dioxide /oxygen )is taken in and (carbon
dioxide /oxygen) is given out.

10. The similarity between bacteria and fungi is both are ( non-living things/ microorganisms)

ACTIVITY 2. WRITE ‘TRUE’ OR ‘FALSE’ IN THE BOXES PROVIDED. ANSWERS

1. Worms, bacteria and ants are three types of microorganisms . ________

2. We can see microorganisms with the naked eye. ________

3. Like humans, microorganisms breathe, grow and move ________

4. A magnifying glass can be used to see some of the microorganisms. ________

5. The name of bacteria are according to their shapes. ________

6. The smallest among all microorganisms is protozoa. ________

7. All microorganisms are harmful. ________


ACTIVITY 3

TOPIC : MICROORGANISM UNDERGO LIFE PROCESSES

EXERCISE 3:

Fill in the blanks with correct answers.Some answers maybe used twice.

Growth breathe shapes microscope bacteria fungi

Fungi moves living things protozoa viruses small

Microorganisms are a) ________________. They come in different (b)___________________ and (c)


________________. We cannot see microorganismthrough our naked eyes because microorganisms
are too (d)_____________ insize. However, they can be seen by using a (f) _____________________.
There are five groups of microorganisms, namely (g)__________________,
h)_____________________, (i)_____________________,(j) ___________________________ and
(k)______________________. Like otherliving things, microorganisms can (l)
__________________________, (m)______________________________ and (n)
______________________________

ACTIVITY 4

TOPIC : MICROORGANISMS ARE HARMFUL AND USEFUL.

MICROORGANISMS ARE USEFUL.

Fill in the blanks with correct answers.

Lactobacillus harmful yeast breathes oxygen

carbon dioxide Fungus humus

Some microorganisms are useful and some are a)_______________to us.


b)______________________ is an example of microorganism that is widely used in the food industry.
Yeast is a fungus. It is used in the making of bread, cheese, tempeh and tapai .When yeast is added
to a sugar solution, it uses the sugar as a source of food. When it c) ___________________,it takes
in d)__________________________ and releases e)_______________________________that can
be seen in the mycelium of the fungus when it grows. Carbon dioxide makes the bread dough rise.

Some bacteria, for example f) ________________________ is widely used in making yogurt drink.
Antibiotics such as penicillin are extracted from penicillium, which is a g) ____________________
Bacteria and fungi in soil which act on grass and leaves or any other organic materials and convert
them to h) ___________________________________ by a process known as biodegradation.

TOPIC : MICROORGANISMS ARE HARMFUL AND USEFUL.

1. State four harmful actions of bacteria.


a) ____________________________________________________________
b)___________________________________________________________
c)___________________________________________________________

d) __________________________________________________________

2. State a way to prevent each disease from spreading

Name of disease Way to prevent it from spreading

a)Cough _____________________________________________________

b) chickenpox ______________________________________________________

b) upset stomach /diarrhea _____________________________________________________

c) influenza _____________________________________________________

3. Write “true” for the correct statements and ‘false’ for the wrong statements.

a) All microorganism are harmful. They cause food too turn bad and make us ill.

b) Cake, buns and milk are produced by using microorganisms.

c) Microorganisms can be carried from place to place and spread from one person to another

d) Patients who have AIDS should be quarantined to prevent the disease from spreading to another

person.

e) Flu can be spread by air

f) We boil water before drinking to kill the living microorganisms in water