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More share options Add to Collections Download this Document for Free Auto-hide: on <http://www.scribd.com/doc/19496018/French-Guide#> <javascript:void(0);> Quantcast <javascript:void(0);> Quantcast <javascript:void(0);> Quantcast 1. Some Basic Phrases[mp3 - 2.94 MB ] [ Multiple Choice Exercise ] Bonjour /b u / ɔʒ ʀ Hello / Good day Bonsoir /b swa / ɔ ʀ Good evening Bonne nuit /b n n i/ ɔ ɥ Good night Salut /saly/ Hi / Bye Au revoir / (ə)vwa / ɔʀ ʀ Goodbye S'il vous plaît /sil vu pl / ɛ Please Merci (beaucoup) /m si boku/ ɛʀ Thank you (very much) De rien. / Je vous en prie. /də j / / əvu z pri/ ʀ ɛ ʒ ɑ You're welcome. Bienvenu(e) /bj vəny/ ɛ Welcome (also You're welcome in Quebec) A tout à l'heure / A plus tard /a tu ta lœ / /a ply ta / ʀ ʀ See you later

A bientôt /a bj to/ ɛ See you soon A demain /a dəm / ɛ See you tomorrow Désolé(e)! /dez le/ ɔ Sorry! Pardon ! /pa d / ʀ ɔ Excuse me! Allons-y! /al zi/ ɔ Let's go! Comment allez-vous ? /k m tale vu/ ɔ ɑ How are you? (formal) Ça va ? /sa va/ How are you? (informal) Très bien / mal / pas mal /t bj / /mal/ /pa mal/ ʀɛ ɛ Very good / bad / not bad Je vais bien / ə ve bj / ʒ ɛ I'm fine. Ça va. /sa va/ I'm fine. (informal) Oui / non /wi/ /n / ɔ Yes / no Comment vous appelezvous ? /k m vu zaple vu/ ɔ ɑ What's your name? (formal) Tu t'appelles comment ? /ty tap l k m / ɛɔ ɑ What's your name? (informal) Je m'appelle...

. / abit a/ ʒ I live in. / ə s i də/ ʒ ɥ I am from. Enchanté(e) / te/ ɑʃɑ Nice to meet you. Madame. Parlez-vous français ? /pa le vu fr s / ʀ ɑ ɛ . Quel âge avez-vous ? /kl ave vu/ ɛ ɑʒ How old are you? (formal) Tu as quel âge ? /ty k l / ɑ ɛ ɑʒ How old are you? (informal) J'ai___ _ ans. Mademoiselle /məsjø/ /madam/ /madwaz l/ ɛ Mister... /e__ / ʒ ɑ I am____ years old.. Miss Mesdames et Messieurs /medam/ /mesjø/ Ladies and gentlemen Vous êtes d'où ? /vu z t du/ ɛ Where are you from? (formal) Tu es d'où ? /ty du/ ɛ Where are you from? (informal) Je suis de.. Où habitez-vous ? /u abite vu/ Where do you live? (formal) Tu habites où ? /ty abit u/ Where do you live? (informal) J'habite à.... Monsieur.. Misses./ ə map l/ ʒ ɛ My name is..

. / Where are . Comment? /k m / ɔ ɑ What? Pardon? Où est . ? Voici / Voilà .......Do you speak French? (formal) Tu parles anglais ? /ty pa l gl / ʀ ɑɛ Do you speak English? (informal) Je (ne) parle (pas).. /bj sy / ɛ ʀ Of course. / Où sont . ? /u / /u s / ɛ ɔ Where is .. / ə (nə) pa l pa/ ʒ ʀ I (don't) speak.... Comprenez-vous? / Tu comprends? /k p əne vu/ /ty k p / ɔ ʀ ɔ ʀɑ Do you understand? (formal / informal) Je (ne) comprends (pas) / ə nə k p (pa)/ ʒ ɔ ʀɑ I (don't) understand Je (ne) sais (pas) / ə(n) s (pa)/ ʒ ɛ I (don't) know Pouvez-vous m'aider ? / Tu peux m'aider ? /puve vu mede/ /ty pø mede/ Can you help me? (formal / informal) Bien sûr.

Je suis fatigué(e) / malade. Qu'est-ce qui se passe ? /k s ki sə pas/ ɛ What's happening? Je n'ai aucune idée... / ef / / e swaf/ ʒ ɛʒ I'm hungry / I'm thirsty. /il i a/ /il i av / ɛ There is / are... / e o/ / e f w / ʒʃ ʒ ʀɑ I'm hot / I'm cold.. J'ai faim / J'ai soif.. / ə s i fati e/ ʒ ɥ ɡ I'm tired / sick. /sa nə f j / ɛʀ ɛ It doesn't matter./vwasi/ /vwala/ Here is. Je m'ennuie.. /əm n i/ ʒ ɑ ɥ .. / Il y avait. / There was / were. J'ai chaud / J'ai froid. / ə ne okyn ide/ ʒ I have no idea. / Here it is... Comment dit-on____ en français ? /k m di t __ f s / ɔ ɑ ɔ ɑ ʀɑ ɛ How do you say___ _ in French? Qu'est-ce que c'est que ça ? /k s kə s kə sa/ ɛ ɛ What is that? Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ? /k s kil i a/ ɛ What's the matter? Ça ne fait rien. Il y a .

Je dois y aller. A vos souhaits ! / A tes souhaits ! /a vo sw / /a te sw / ɛ ɛ Bless you! (formal / informal) Félicitations ! /felisitasj / ɔ Congratulations! Bonne chance ! /b n s/ ɔ ʃɑ Good luck! C'est à vous ! / C'est à toi ! /s ta vu/ /s ta tw / ɛ ɛ ɑ It's your turn! (formal / informal) Taisez-vous ! / Tais-toi ! /t ze vu/ /t tw / ɛ ɛ ɑ Shut up! / Be quiet! (formal / informal) Je vous aime / Je t'aime / ə vu z m/ / ə t m/ ʒ ɛ ʒɛ . /sə n pa g av/ ɛ ʀ It's no problem.I'm bored. Ne vous en faites pas. / It's alright. J'ai oublié. /nə vu f t pa/ /nə t f pa/ ɑ ɛ ɑ ɛ Don't worry (formal / informal) Ce n'est pas grave. / Je m'en fiche. / Ne t'en fais pas. /sa m te al/ / ə m fi / ɛɡ ʒ ɑ ʃ I don't care. / ə dwa i ale/ ʒ I must go. Ça m'est égal. / e ublije/ ʒ I forgot.

Also notice that some words take an extrae. The formal you is used when talking to someone you just met. However. it does not change the pronunciation.) The informal you is used when talking to close friends. cahier. jus. for example. tissu. or someone for whom you would like to show respect (a professor. lit. French Vowels IPAPhonetic spelling Sample words General spellings [i]ee vie. pied . riz i. thene is frequently dropped in spoken French. usine u [e]ay blé. midi. Notice that French has informal and formal ways of saying things.22 MB ] *Re-recorded mp3 January 2009! For a more in-depth look at French pronunciation.) There is also a plural you. do not know well. /pa g oz/ ʀɑ ʃ Not a whole lot. Pronunciation [ mp3 . If the word refers to a woman or is spoken by a woman. y [y]ee rounded rue. This is because there is more than one meaning to "you" in French (as well as in many other languages. try to the new French Phonetics tutorial. French addsne before the verb andpas after it. then thee is added in spelling. shown in parentheses. To make verbs negative.I love you (formal & plural / informal) Tenez / Tiens /təne/ /tj / ɛ Hey / Here (formal / informal) Quoi de neuf ? / Ça boume ? /kw də nœf/ /sa bum/ ɑ What's new? / What's up? Pas grand chose. used when speaking to more than one person. although it must appear in written French. but in most cases. nez.4. relatives. 2. animals or children.

bleu eu [ɛ]eh lait. reine e. cerise e [ɑ] is disappearing in modern French. horloge o [ə]uh fenêtre. ou [ɥ] ew-ee lui. â [ɑ]ah longerbas. beurre œu. oui. papa. escargot. caillou. ais [œ]eh rounded sœur. yeux. pomme. cheval. ei. è. cloche. âne. à. hôtel o. genou. queue. final er and ez [ø]ay rounded jeu. French semi-vowels IPA Phonetic spelling Sample words General spelling [w] w fois. ami. château a. cou. dos. grâce. balai. fleur. Louis oi. et. being replaced by [a]. ô [ɔ]aw sol. eu [a]ah chat. â [u]oo loup. salade a. ê. œuf. suisse ui . ai.é. Vowels that do not exist in English are marked in blue. outil ou [o]oh eau. aile.

lundi. fleur. âne. linge in. ym. a a consonant. reine e. eng. oing. ê. the in. salade a. à. . papa. front on. im. archives ch (Greek origin) k orchestre. archéologie [ɛ]eh lait. om [œ] is being replaced with [ɛ] In words beginning with in-. ein. ongle. parfum Un Ohn rond.prefix is pronounceeen French Consonants ex + vowel egz examen. aim. yen. exercice ex + consonant eks exceptionnel. balai. cou. outil eim. Otherwise. y French nasal vowels Phonetic spelling Sample words General spelling awn gant. expression ch (Latin origin) sh architecte. un.[j] yuh oreille. éen uhn brun. ai. in modern French nasal is only used if the next letter is before a vowel. ei. ain. en. eu [a]ah chat. ais [œ]eh rounded sœur. â [u]oo loup. vin. ien. aile. um. caillou. am. yn. ami. dent en. em. château a. œuf. Mireille ill. grâce. oin. aen ahn pain. an. aon. beurre œu. è. banc. oint. â [ɑ]ah longerbas.

prefix is pronounceeen before a vowel. y French nasal vowels Phonetic spelling Sample words General spelling awn gant. ou [ɥ] ew-ee lui. . genou. oing. oui. Mireille ill. escargot. yen. cloche. oin. aon.ou [o]oh eau. suisse ui [j] yuh oreille. lundi. oint. ien. ym. ein. hôtel o. éen uhn brun. parfum Un Ohn rond. en. aim. banc. being replaced by [a]. dos. Louis oi. eng. ain. aen ahn pain. front on. French semi-vowels IPA Phonetic spelling Sample words General spelling [w] w fois. the in. im. ô [ɔ]aw sol. um. un. om [œ] is being replaced with [ɛ] in modern French In words beginning with in-. ongle. a nasal is only used if the next letter is a consonant. an. linge in. vin. pomme. eim. dent en. em. Vowels that do not exist in English are marked in blue. cheval. am. yn. Otherwise. cerise e [ɑ] is disappearing in modern French. horloge o [ə]uh fenêtre.

jus. u k caillou. y zh genou. thème. ceinture. cube g + e. o. R. nation c + e. final q k que. jeune qu. Liaison is . grecque H silent haricot. maçon c + a. and f as v in these liaisons. thym J zh jambe. F or L (except verbs that end in -r). herbe. archéologie ti + vowel (except é) see démocratie. i. slur the two together as if it were one word. hasard vowel + s + vowel z rose. ganglion Th t maths. Liaison: French slurs most words together in a sentence. S and x are pronounced as z. u g gomme.French Consonants ex + vowel egz examen. beaux arts final x s six. y. and you usually do not pronounce the final consonant. or ç s cent. soixante (these 3 only!) There are a lot of silent letters in French. expression ch (Latin origin) sh architecte. exercice ex + consonant eks exceptionnel. d as t. quoi. falaise. casino x + vowel z six ans. unless that final consonant is C. car. gingembre g + a. dix. o. i. so if a word ends in a consonant that is not pronounced and the next word starts with a vowel or silent h. archives ch (Greek origin) k orchestre.

. bien) • afterest It is optional after pas. and the forms ofêtre.. it goes down at the end of the sentence. shortening the syllables and slurring more words.. and all other times.always made in the following cases: • after a determiner: un ami. c(e) que / t/ /skə/ (note the change of the pronunciation of the j as well) ʃ Stress & Intonation: Stress on syllables is not as heavily pronounced as in English and it generally falls on the last syllable of the word. 3. but it is never made afteret. dans un livre • after some one-syllable adverbs (très. Alphabet[mp3 . . • rapid(e)ment. plus.. lent(e)ment. petits enfants • after one syllable prepositions: en avion. /yad/ /pad/ / plyd/ • je n(e).. sauv(e)tage / apidm // tm / /sovta / ʀ ɑ ɑ ɑ ʒ • sous l(e) bureau.. chez l(e) docteur /sul by o/ / el d kto / ʀʃ ɔʀ • il y a d(e). de n(e) / ən/ /dən/ ʒ • j(e) te. plus d(e). Intonation usually only rises for yes/no questions. Silent e: Sometimes thee is dropped in words and phrases. pas d(e). je les ai • after a preceding adjective: bon ami. des amis • before or after a pronoun: vous avez.538 KB ] a/a/ j / i/ ʒ s/ s/ ɛ b/be/ k/ka/ t/te/ c/se/ l / l/ ɛ u/y/ . . trop fort.

Demonstratives are like strong definite articles. and you may have to repeat the article in some cases. either masculine or feminine. Nouns ending in -age and -ment are usually masculine. And articles have to be expressed even though they aren't always in English. -té. Articles and adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. -tion. Nouns. as are nouns ending with a consonant. -ence. Articles and Demonstrative Adjectives[mp3 . and -ette are usually feminine. Nouns ending in -ure.373 KB ] All nouns in French have a gender. but there are some endings of words that will help you decide which gender a noun is. -ance. -sion. For the most part. Definite Articles (The) Masculine Feminine Before Vowel Plural lelit /lə li/ the bed lapomme /la p m/ ɔ the apple l'oiseau /lwazo/ the bird lesgants .d/de/ m/ m/ ɛ v/ve/ e/ə/ n/ n/ ɛ w/dubləve/ f/ f/ ɛ o/o/ x/iks/ g/ / ʒɜ p/pe/ y/igr k/ ɛ h/a / ʃ q/ky/ z/z d/ ɛ i/i/ r/ / ɛʀ 4. you must memorize the gender.

11 MB ][ English to French Flashcards][ French to English Flashcards] It's / That'sc'est /s / ɛ There is/areil y a /il i a/ There is/arevoilà /vwala/ . An. Masc. For example. Useful Words & General Vocabulary[ mp3 . ce lit-ci is this bed. and -là to the end of the noun for that and those./le / ɡɑ the gloves Indefinite Articles (A. you can add -ci to the end of the noun for this and these. Some) Masculine Feminine Plural unlit /o li/ a bed unepomme / yn p m/ ɔ an apple desgants /de / ɡɑ some gloves Demonstrative Adjectives (This. These. Plural cel it /sə li/ this/that bed cetois eau /s twazo/ ɛ this/that bird cettepomme /s t p m/ ɛ ɔ this/that apple cesgants /se / ɡɑ these/those gloves If you need to distinguish between this or that and these or those. 5.1. That. while ce lit-là is that bed. Those) Masc. Before Vowel Fem.

Here is/are voici /vwasi/ and et /e/ always toujours /tu u / ʒ ʀ but mais /m / ɛ often souvent /suv / ɑ now maintenant /m tn / ɛ ɑ sometimes quelquefois /k lkəfwa/ ɛ especially surtout /sy tu/ ʀ usually d'habitude /dabityd/ except sauf /sof/ also. k m sa/ ɔ ɔ late en retard / əta / . comme ça /k m si. too aussi /osi/ of course bien sûr /bj sy / ɛ ʀ again encore / k / ɑ ɔʀ so so comme ci.

ɑʀ ʀ not bad pas mal /pa mal/ almost presque /p sk/ ʀɛ book le livre /lə liv / ʀ friend (fem) une amie /y nami/ pencil le crayon /lə k j / ʀɛ ɔ friend (masc)un ami /o nami/ pen le stylo /lə stilo/ woman une femme /yn fam/ paper le papier /lə papje/ man un homme /o n m/ ɔ dog le chien /lə j / ʃ ɛ girl une fille /yn fij/ cat le chat /lə a/ ʃ boy un garçon /o ga s / ʀ ɔ money l'argent (m) /la / ʀʒɑ job / work le travail .

Tu is used when speaking to children. Tutoyerand vouvoyer are two verbs that have no direct translation into English. we. or you.Ils andelles can replace plural nouns as well in the same way. 6. and elle replaces feminine nouns) instead of a person's name.204 KB ] Subject Pronouns je/ ə/ ʒI nous/nu/ We tu/ty/ You (informal) vous/vu/ You (formal and plural) il elle on /il/ / l/ ɛ / / ɔ He She One ils elles /il/ / l/ ɛ They (masc. le pognon. Subject Pronouns[mp3 . Notice there are two ways to say you. it meansago.Vo u s is used when speaking to more than one person.) They (fem. le pèze. the people. Some common slang words for money include: le fric.On can be translated into English as one. or to someone you don't know or who is older.) Note:Iland elle can also mean it when they replace a noun (il replaces masculine nouns.83 MB ] [ Conjugation Exercises ] [ Avoir & Etre Expressions Exercise] Present tense of être / t / . 7.Il y a cinq minutes means five minutes ago. or close friends and relatives. des sous and for job/work: le boulot. animals. Tutoyer means to usetu or be informal with someone. they. When il y a is followed by a number./lə t avaj/ ʀ Note: The expression il y a is reduced toy a in everyday speech.1. To Be and To Have[mp3 . whilevou vo yer means to usevous or be formal with someone.to be ɛʀ I am jesuis / ə s i/ ʒ ɥ We are .

to be I was j'étais / et / ʒ ɛ We were nous étions /nu zetj / ɔ You were tuétais /tu et / ɛ You were vousétiez/vu zetje/ He was She was One was ilétait elle était .noussommes /nu s m/ ɔ You are tues /ty / ɛ You are vousêtes /vu z t/ ɛ He is She is One is ilest elleest onest /il / ɛ /l / ɛ ɛ / n / ɔ ɛ They are They are ilssont ellessont /il s / ɔ /ls / ɛ ɔ Past tense of être .

to be I will be jeserai / ə sə e/ ʒ ʀ We will be nous serons /nu sə / ʀɔ You will be tuseras /ty sə a/ ʀ You will be vousserez /vu sə e/ ʀ He will be She will be One will be ilsera ellesera onsera /il sə a/ ʀ / l sə a/ ɛ ʀ / sə a/ ɔ ʀ They will be . Future Tense of être .onétait /il et / ɛ / l et / ɛ ɛ / net / ɔ ɛ They were They were ilsétaient elles étaient /il zet / ɛ / l zet / ɛ ɛ Note: Je and any verb form that starts with a vowel (or silent h) combine together for ease of pronunciation.

They will be ilsseront ellesseront /il sə / ʀɔ / l sə / ɛ ʀɔ Present tense of avoir /avwa / .to have I had j'avais / av / ʒ ɛ .to have ʀ I have j'ai / e/ ʒ We have nousavons /nu zav / ɔ You have tuas /ty / ɑ You have vousavez /vu zave/ He has She has One has ila ellea ona /il / ɑ /l / ɛ ɑ / n/ ɔ ɑ They have They have ilsont ellesont /il z / ɔ /lz / ɛ ɔ Past tense of avoir .

We hadnous avions /nu zavj / ɔ You had tuavais /ty av / ɛ You had vousa viez /vu zavje/ He had She had One had ilavait elle avait ona vait /il av / ɛ / l av / ɛ ɛ / nav / ɔ ɛ They had ilsavaient elles avaient /il zav / ɛ / l zav / ɛ ɛ Future tense of avoir .to have I will have j'aurai / o e/ ʒ ʀ We will havenous aurons /nu zo / ʀɔ You will have tuauras /ty o / ʀɑYou will have vousaurez/vu zo e/ ʀ He will have She will have One will have ilaura elleaura onaura /il o a/ .

it is very common to useon (plus 3rd person singular conjugation) to mean we instead of nous.1. tu as = ɛ t'as /t /.ʀ / ɛ / ɔ l o a/ ʀ no a/ ʀ They will have They will have ilsauront ellesauront /il zo / ʀɔ / l ɛ zo / ʀɔ In spoken French. ɑ In addition. Common Expressions with avoir and être[ mp3 . the tu forms of verbs that begin with a vowel contract with the pronoun: tu es =t'es /t /. etc.33 MB ] Avoirand être are used in many common and idiomatic expressions that should be memorized: avoir chaud /avwa o/ ʀʃ to be hot être de retour/ t də ɛʀ ətu / ʀ ʀ to be back avoir froid /avwa f wa/ ʀ ʀ to be cold être en retard/ t ɛʀ ɑ əta / ʀ ʀ to be avoir /avwa ʀ ʀ to be late peur po / afraid .

être en avance/ t ɛʀ ɑ nav s/ ɑ to be early avoir raison /avwa z / ʀʀɛ ɔto be right être d'accord / t dak / ɛʀ ɔʀto be in agreement avoir tort /avwa t / ʀ ɔʀ to be wrong être sur le point de / t sy lə ɛʀ ʀ pw də/ ɛ to be about to avoir faim /avwa f / ʀ ɛ to be hungryêtre en train de/ t ɛʀ ɑ t də/ ʀɛ to be in the act of avoir soif /avwa swaf/ ʀ to be thirsty être enrhumée/ t ɛʀ to have a cold yme/ ɑʀ avoir sommeil/avwa s m j/ ʀ ɔ ɛto be sleepy nous + être (un jour) / t o u / ɛʀ ʒʀto be (a day) avoir honte /avwa t/ ʀ ʽɔ .

Nous sommes lundi.They are hot. aviez tort.They were afraid yesterday. 8.We will be hungry later. Ils seront en train d'étudier. ais raison.He will be tired tonight. Elles étaient sur le point de partir.183 KB ] [ Matching Exercise ] Who Qui .We/you/they/the people are back.You were wrong. seem avoir l'intention de /avwaʀ t sj / ɛɑ ɔ to intend to avoir envie de/avwa vi ʀ ɑ də/ to feel like avoir de la chance /avwa də la ʀ s/ ʃɑ to be lucky oid. a sommeil ce soir.You had a cold. On est de retour.to be ashamed avoir besoin de /avwa bəzw ʀ ɛ də/ to need avoir l'air de /avwa də/ ʀ ɛʀ to look like. Je suis en retard!I'm late! Tu étais en avance. t chaud.You were early. Vous étiez enrhumé. Question Words[ mp3 . Elle sera d'accord.They will be (in the act of) studying.It is Monday. avaient peur hier.They were about to leave.You were right.I'm cold.She will agree. de la chance !She's lucky! aurons faim plus tard.

06 MB ][ English to French Flashcards ][ French to English Flashcards] [ Translaton Exercise] Zero Zéro /ze o/ ʀ One Un /o / Two Deux /d/ Three Trois /t w / ʀ ɑ Four Quatre /kat / ʀ Five Cinq /s k/ ɛ Six Six /sis/ .1. Numbers / Les numéros[ mp3 ./ki/ What Quoi /kwa/ Why Pourquoi /pu kwa/ ʀ When Quand /k / ɑ Where Où /u/ How Comment /k m / ɔ ɑ How much / many Combien /k bj / ɔ ɛ Which / what Quel(le) /k l/ ɛ 9.

Seven Sept /s t/ ɛ Eight Huit / it/ ʽɥ Nine Neuf /nof/ Ten Dix /dis/ Eleven Onze / z/ ɔ Twelve Douze /duz/ Thirteen Treize /t z/ ʀɛ Fourteen Quatorze /kat z/ ɔʀ Fifteen Quinze /k z/ ɛ Sixteen Seize /s z/ ɛ Seventeen Dix-sept /dis t/ ɛ Eighteen Dix-huit /diz it/ ɥ Nineteen Dix-neuf /diznof/ Twenty Vingt /v / ɛ Twenty-one Vingt et un /v t e o / .

ɛ Twenty-two Vingt-deux /v d/ ɛ Twenty-three Vingt-trois /v t w / ɛʀ ɑ Thirty Trente /t t/ ʀɑ Thirty-one Trente et un /t t e o/ ʀɑ Thirty-two Trente-deux /t t d/ ʀɑ Forty Quarante /ka t/ ʀɑ Fifty Cinquante /s k t/ ɛ ɑ Sixty Soixante /swas t/ ɑ Seventy Soixante-dix /swas tdis/ ɑ (Belgium & Switzerland)Septante /s pt t/ ɛ ɑ Seventy-one Soixante et onze /swas te ɑ z/ .

ɔ Seventy-two Soixante-douze /swas t ɑ duz/ Eighty Quatre-vingts /kat əv / ʀ ɛ (Belgium & Switzerland)Octante / kt t/ ɔ ɑ Eighty-one Quatre-vingt-un /kat əv to/ ʀ ɛ Eighty-two Quatre-vingt-deux/kat əv d/ ʀ ɛ Ninety Quatre-vingt-dix /kat əv ʀ ɛ dis/ (Belgium & Switzerland)Nonante /n n t/ ɔ ɑ Ninety-one Quatre-vingt-onze/kat əv ʀ ɛ z/ ɔ Ninety-two Quatre-vingt-douze/kat əv ʀ ɛ duz/ One Hundred Cent /s / ɑ One Hundred OneCent un /s o/ ɑ Two Hundred Deux cents /ds / ɑ Two Hundred OneDeux cent un /d s o/ ɑ Thousand Mille .

Belgian and Swiss French use septante. trente-six. their final consonants are not pronounced. 04. 8. or 06 for cell phones. Ordinal Numbers[ mp3 . 80.356 KB ] first premier / première second deuxième / second third troisième fourth quatrième fifth cinquième sixth sixième seventh septième eighth huitième ninth neuvième tenth dixième eleventh onzième twelfth douzième twentiethvingtième twenty-firstvingt et unième thirtieth . and pronounced thus: 01 36 55 89 28 = zéro un. or 05 depending on the geographical region. They are written two digits at a time. when the numbers 5. Phone numbers in France are ten digits. quatre-vingt-neuf.00 would be 1. vingt-huit. Also./mil/ Two Thousand Deux mille /d mil/ Million Un million /o milj / ɔ Billion Un milliard /o milja / ʀ Note:French switches the use of commas and periods. beginning with 01. 03. 02. cinquante-cinq. and 10 are used before a word beginning with a consonant. octante and nonante in place of the standard French words for 70. 6.00 in English. and 90 (though some parts of Switzerland use huitante instead of octante). 1.

trentième Note:The majority of numbers become ordinals by adding -ième. Days of the Week / Les jours de la semaine[mp3 . But if a number ends in an e.481 KB ] [English to French Flashcards] [ French to English Flashcards] Monday lundi /lo di/ Tuesday mardi /ma di/ ʀ Wednesday mercredi /m k ədi/ ɛʀ ʀ Thursday jeudi / di/ ʒ Friday vendredi /v d ədi/ ɑ ʀ Saturday samedi /samdi/ Sunday dimanche /dim / ɑʃ day le jour /lə u / ʒ ʀ week la semaine /la s(ə)m n/ ɛ today aujourd'hui /o u d i/ ʒ ʀ ɥ yesterday hier /j / ɛʀ tomorrow demain /dəm / ɛ next prochain / prochaine/p / /p . After a q. 10. And an f becomes a v before the -ième. you must add a u before the -ième. you must drop it before adding the -ième.

Days of the week are all masculine in gender and they are not capitalized in writing. Months of the Year / Les mois de l'année[mp3 . such asle lundi = on Mondays. except to express something that happens habitually on a certain day.n/ ʀɔʃɛ ʀɔʃɛ last dernier / dernière /d nje/ /d nj / ɛʀ ɛʀ ɛʀ day before yesterday avant-hier /av tj / ɑ ɛʀ day after tomorrow après-demain /ap dm / ʀɛ ɛ the following day le lendemain /lə l dəm / ɑ ɛ the day before la veille /la v j/ ɛ Note:Articles are not used before days. 11.383 KB ] [English to French Flashcards] [ French to English Flashcards ] + Seasons & Directions January janvier / vje/ ʒɑ February février /fev ije/ ʀ March mars /ma s/ ʀ April avril /av il/ ʀ May mai /m / ɛ June juin .

the ordinal numbers are the month:le premier maibut le deux juin. Also note that capitalized in French (same as days of the week). 12. month as in "en mai. useen before the not used./ / ʒɥɛ July juillet / ij / ʒɥ ɛ August août /u(t)/ September septembre /s pt b / ɛ ɑʀ October octobre / kt b / ɔ ɔʀ November novembre /n v b / ɔ ɑʀ December décembre /des b / ɑ ʀ month le mois /lə mwa/ year l'an / l'année/l / /lane/ ɑ decade la décennie/deseni/ century le siècle /lə sj kl/ ɛ millennium le millénaire/milen / ɛʀ Note:To express in a certain month. Seasons / Les saisons[mp3 ." With dates. except for the first of months are all masculine and not KB ] .157 Summerl'été /lete/ in the summeren été / ɑ nete/ such as in May.

Fall l'automne /lot n/ ɔ in the fall en automne/ ɑ not n/ ɔ Winterl'hiver /liv / ɛʀ in the winteren hiver / ɑ niv / ɛʀ Springle printemps /lə p t ʀɛ / ɑ in the springau printemps/o pr t / ɛ ɑ 13. Directions / Les directions[mp3 .254 KB ] on the left à gauche/a o/ ɡ ʃ on the rightà droite /a d w t/ ʀ ɑ straight ahead tout droit/tu d w / ʀ ɑ North le nord/lə n / ɔʀ Northeastle nord-est /lə n (d) st/ ɔʀ ɛ South le sud /lə syd/ Northwestle nord-ouest /lə n (d)w st/ ɔʀ ɛ East l'est /l st/ ɛ Southeastle sud-est /syd st/ .

814 KB][ Translation Exercise] Red rouge / u / ʀ ʒ square le carré /ka e/ ʀ Orangeorange / / ɔʀɑʒ circle le cercle /s kl/ ɛʀ Yellowjaune / on/ ʒ triangle le triangle /t ij gl/ ʀ ɑ Greenvert / verte /v / /v t/ ɛʀ ɛʀ rectangle le rectangle/ kt gl/ ʀɛ ɑ Blue bleu / bleue /bl/ oval l'ovale / val/ ɔ Purpleviolet / violette/vj l / /vj l t/ ɔɛ ɔɛ cube le cube /kyb/ White blanc / blanche/bl / /bl / ɑ ɑʃ sphere la sphère .ɛ West l'ouest /lw st/ ɛ Southwestle sud-ouest /sydw st/ ɛ 14. Colors & Shapes / Les couleurs et les formes[ mp3 .

/sf / ɛʀ Brownbrun / brune marron /b o/ /b yn/ ʀ ʀ /ma / ʀɔ cylinder le cylindre /sil d / ɛ ʀ Black noir / noire /nwa / ʀ cone le cône /kon/ Pink rose / oz/ ʀ octagon l'octogone / ktog n/ ɔ ɔ Gold doré / dorée /d e/ ɔʀ box la boîte /bwat/ Silver argenté / argentée /a te/ ʀʒɑ light clair / claire/kl / ɛʀ Gray gris / grise / i/ / iz/ ɡʀ ɡʀ dark foncé / foncée /f se/ ɔ Note: Some adjectives of color do not change to agree with .

and compound adjectives: bleu clair. Weather / Le temps qu'il fait [ mp3 . rose. 15. Remember to place the color adjective after the noun.gender or number. such as adjectives that also exist as nouns: orange.757 KB ] [Matching Exercise] What's the weather like?Quel temps fait-il ? /k l t f til/ ɛ ɑɛ It's nice Il fait bon /il f b / ɛ ɔ bad Il fait mauvais /il f m ve/ ɛ ɔ cool Il fait frais /il f f / ɛ ʀɛ cold Il fait froid /il f f w / ɛʀ ɑ warm. noir foncé remain masculine even if they describe a feminine noun. hot Il fait chaud /il f o/ ɛʃ cloudy Il fait nuageux /il f nya / ɛ ʒ beautiful Il fait beau /il f bo/ ɛ mild Il fait doux /il f du/ ɛ stormy Il fait orageux /il f a / ɛ ɔʀ ʒ sunny Il fait soleil /il f s l j/ ɛ ɔɛ humid Il fait humide /il f ymid/ ɛ muggy Il fait lourd /il f lu / ɛ ʀ . marron.

16. Il fait____ degrés. /il / ɛ one o'clock une heure /yn o / ʀ two o'clock deux heures /d zo / ʀ noon midi /midi/ midnight minuit /min i/ .. Il caille /il kaj/ or ça caille /sa kaj/ is slang for it's freezing.windy Il fait du vent /il f dy v / ɛ ɑ foggy Il fait du brouillard /il f dy b uja / ɛ ʀ ʀ snowing Il neige /il n / ɛʒ raining Il pleut /il pl/ freezing Il gèle /il l/ ʒɛ hailing Il grêle /il g l/ ʀɛ It is____ degrees. /il f __ dəg e/ ɛ ʀ Note:Il pleut des cordes /il plø de ko d/ is a common expression meaning ʀ it's pouring. And remember that France uses Celcius degrees.529 KB ] [ Matching Exercise ] What time is it? Quelle heure est-il ? /kl o til/ ɛ ʀɛ It is.... Time / Le temps qui passe [ mp3 . Il est.

etc. 17.2.01 MB ] [ English to French Flashcards] [ French to English Flashcards] [ Translation Exercise] . if it is 18h30.) You can only use regular numbers. and not demi. For example. The wordpile /pil/ is also a more informal way of sayingprécise (exactly. Family and Animals / La famille et les animaux[mp3 . you must say dix-huit heures trente. when reporting time with the 24 hour system.ɥ a quarter after threetrois heures et quart /t w zo e ka / ʀɑ ʀ ʀ one o'clock sharp une heure précise /yn o p esiz/ ʀ ʀ four o'clock sharp quatre heures précises /kat o p esiz/ ʀʀ ʀ twelve thirty midi (minuit) et demi /midi (min i) e dəmi/ ɥ six thirty six heures et demie /si zo e dəmi/ ʀ a quarter to sevensept heures moins le quart /s t o mw lə ka / ɛ ʀ ɛ ʀ five twenty cinq heures vingt /s ko v / ɛ ʀ ɛ ten fifty onze heures moins dix / z o mw dis/ ɔ ʀ ɛ in the morning/AMdu matin /dy mat / ɛ in the afternoon/PMde l'après-midi /də lap midi/ ʀɛ in the evening/PM du soir /dy swa / ʀ Note:Official French time is expressed as military time (24 hour clock. quart. sharp).

Family la famille /famij/ Girl la fille /fij/ Relatives des parents/pa / ʀɑBoy le garçon /ga s / ʀ ɔ Parents les parents/pa / ʀɑNiece la nièce /nj s/ ɛ Grandparents les grandsparents /g p ʀɑ a / ʀɑ Nephew le neveu /n(ə)v/ Mom la mère / maman /m / ɛʀ /m m / ɑ ɑGrandchildrenles petitsenfants /p(ə)tiz f ɑ / ɑ Stepmother/Mother-inLaw la bellemère /b lm / ɛ ɛʀ Granddaughterla petite-fille /p(ə)tit fij/ Dad .

le père / papa /p / ɛʀ /papa/ Grandson le petit-fils /p(ə)tifis/ Stepfather/Father-in-Lawle beaupère /bop / ɛʀ Distant Relatives des parents éloignés /pa ʀɑ elwa e/ ɲ Daughter la fille /fij/ Single célibataire /selibat / ɛʀ Son le fils /fis/ Married marié(e) /ma je/ ʀ Sister la sœur /so / ʀ Separated séparé(e) /sepa e/ ʀ Half/Step Sister la demisœur /dəmi so / ʀDivorced divorcé(e) /div se/ ɔʀ Sister-in-Law la bellesœur /b lso / ɛ ʀ Widower / Widow veuf / veuve/vof/ /vov/ Stepdaughter/Daughter-

in-Law la belle-fille/b l fij/ ɛ Brother le frère /f / ʀɛʀ Dog le chien / la chienne /j / / j n/ ʃ ɛ ʃɛ Half/Step Brother le demifrère /dəmi f / ʀɛʀ Cat le chat / la chatte / a/ / at/ ʃ ʃ Brother-in-Law le beaufrère /bo f / ʀɛʀPuppy le chiot / jo/ ʃ Stepson/Son-in-Law le beau-fils/bo fis/ Kitten le chaton /at / ʃ ɔ Twins (m) les jumeaux / ymo/ ʒ Pig le cochon /k / ɔʃɔ Twins (f) les jumelles / ym l/ ʒ ɛ Rooster le coq /k k/ ɔ Uncle

l'oncle / kl/ ɔ Rabbit le lapin /lap / ɛ Aunt la tante /t t/ ɑ Cow la vache /va / ʃ Grandmother la grandmère /g m ʀɑ ɛ / ʀ Horse le cheval / (ə)val/ ʃ Grandfather le grandpère /g p ʀɑ ɛʀ / Duck le canard /kana / ʀ Cousin (f) la cousine/kuzin/ Goat la chèvre / v/ ʃɛ ʀ Cousin (m) le cousin /kuz / ɛ Goose l'oie /wa/ Wife la femme /fam/

ʒɑ ʀ Slang words for people and pets: The entire family toute la smala /tut la smala/ Sisterla frangine /f in/ ʀɑʒ Grandma mémé / mamie /meme/ /mami/ Brotherle frangin /f / ʀɑʒɛ Grandpa pépé / papi /pepe/ /papi/ Son le fiston /fist / ɔ Children des gosses /g s/ ɔ .Sheep le mouton /mut / ɔ Husband le mari /ma i/ ʀ Lamb l'agneau /a o/ ɲ Woman la femme /fam/ Donkey l'âne / n/ ɑ Man l'homme / m/ ɔ Mouse la souris /su i/ ʀ Note: Le gendre / d / is another word for son-in-law.

Connaissez-vous Grenoble ?Do you know (Are you familiar with) Grenoble? / Have you .Aunt tata / tatie /tata/ /tati/ Kid un gamin / une gamine /gam / ɛ /gamin/ Uncletonton /t t / ɔ ɔ Woman une nana /nana/ Dog le cabot / clébard /kabo/ /kleba / ʀ Man un mec / type / gars/m k/ /tip/ ɛ /ga / ʀ Cat le minou /minu/ 18. books. movies. places.I know that your brother is named John. To Know People and Places[mp3 .I know your brother. There is another form of savoir commonly used in the expressions que je sache that I know (of)and pas que je sache not that I know (of). Je connais ton frère. food. andsavoir is used when you know facts. etc.843 KB ] [ Conjugation Exercise ] connaître-to know people(koh-net-t ruh) savoir-to know facts(sahv-wahr) connaiskoh-neh connaissonskoh-nezz-ohn saissay savonssah-vohn connaiskoh-neh connaissez koh-nezz-aysais saysavez sav-ay connaîtkoh-neh connaissentkoh-ness saitsay savent sahv Note: Connaître is used when you know (are familiar with) people. Whensavoir is followed by an infinitive it means to know how. Je sais que ton frère s'appelle Jean.

add nothing. / Yes. you usually add an -s (which is not pronounced). change it to -aux.654 KB ][Translation Exercise ] Masc. le ciel (sky) . some irregular exceptions: un œil (eye) . But there are some exceptions: Sing.les cieux (skies). knee(s) le genou les genoux Exceptions: festival. pou.des yeux (eyes). add an x. Tu sais où Grenoble se trouve. 20. Plural My mon(mohn) ma(mah) mes(may) Your ton Ta Tes His/Her/Itsson Sa Ses Our notre(noh-truh) notre nos(noh) Your votre votre . horse(s) le cheval les chevaux Some nouns ending in -ou add an -x instead of -s. bal. Connaître can be translated several ways into English: Tu connais le film.637 KB ] To make a noun plural. Fem.ever been to Grenoble? Oui. boat(s) le bateau les bateaux If amasculine noun ends in -al or -ail. of course. genou. bus(es) le bus les bus If a noun ends in -eu or -eau. we've been to Grenoble. andun jeune homme (a young man) . pneu. Les Enfants ? Have you seen the film. landau. Plural If a noun already ends in an -s.Yes. chandail all add -s. we know (are familiar with) Grenoble. nous connaissons Grenoble. Ils savent nager.You know where Grenoble is located. joujou. There are only seven nouns ending in -ou that add -x instead of -s: bijou. Les Enfants? Tu connais Lyon ? Have you ever been to Lyon? Tu connais la tartiflette ? Have you ever eaten tartiflette? 19. There are.des jeunes gens (young men). Possessive Adjectives[mp3 . caillou. chou.They know how to swim. carnaval. hibou. Formation of Plural Nouns[ mp3 . bleu. détail.

Their cousins are Dutch 21. you must use the masculine form of the pronoun for ease of pronunciation.1. Notre frère est marié.Vos Their leur(luhr) leur leurs(luhr) Note:Possessive pronouns go before the noun. When a feminine noun begins with a vowel. make(fair) Present tense Past tense (imperfect) Future tense faisfay faisonsfuzzohn faisaisfuzzay faisions fuzzeeohn feraifuhreh feronsfuhrohn faisfay faites fett faisaisfuzzay faisiez fuzzee-ayferasfuhrah ferez fuh-ray faitfay font fohntfaisaitfuzz- . but our sister is single. C'est ma mère et mon père.This is my mother and my father.Ma amie is incorrect and must be mon amie. Ton oncle est architecte. not the possessor! Sa mère can mean his mother or her mother even thoughsa is the feminine form. Sa grand-mère est veuve. because it agrees with mère and not the possessor (his or her). mais notre sœur est célibataire. n'est-ce pas ?Your uncle is an architect.Our brother is married. isn't he? Leurs cousines sont néerlandaises. To Do or Make[mp3 . Remember that adjectives agree with the noun in gender and number.27 MB ] Faire . even thougha mie is feminine.to do.His grandmother is a widow. My parents are divorced. Ce sont vos petits-enfants ?These are your grandchildren? Mes parents sont divorcés.

to do the cooking la lessive .to act deaf / innocent le (subject in school) .to exercise attention .to do the dishes une promenade .to play (a sport) le sourd / l'innocent .to stand in line 22.to do / study (subject) le ménage .ay faisaientfuzzay fera fuhrah ferontfuhrohn Another past tense (passé composé) uses the present tense forms ofavoir plus the past participle of faire:fait.75 MB] Masculine Feminine actor / actress l'acteur lahk-tur l'actrice lahk-trees singer le chanteur shahn-tur la chanteuse shahn-tuz architect l'architecte lar-shee-tekt l'architecte lar-shee-tekt accountant le comptable kohn-tahbl la comptable kohn-tahbl judge le juge zhoozh la juge zhoozh business person .to take a trip les courses . J'ai fait translates as I did/made whereas je faisais translates as I was doing/making.to do the housework la cuisine .to go (grocery) shopping des achats . Work and School[ mp3 .to go shopping de l'exercice .to pay attention la queue .to take a walk un voyage . Faire is used in expressions of weather (il fait beau) and many other idiomatic expressions: faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire faire de (a sport) . I used to do/make (continuous action in the past).1.to do laundry la vaisselle .

l'homme d'affaires lohn dah-fehr la femme d'affaires fahn dah-fehr baker le boulanger boo-lawn-zhay la boulangère boo-lawn-zhehr hair dresser le coiffeur kwah-fur la coiffeuse kwah-fuz computer programmer le programmeurproh-grah-mur la programmeuseproh-grah-muz secretary le secrétaire suk-ray-tehr la secrétaire suk-ray-tehr electrician l'électricien ay-lehk-tree-seeahn l'électricienne ay-lehk-tree-seeenn mechanic le mécanicien may-kah-neesyahn la mécaniciennemay-kah-neesyenn cook le cuisinier kwee-zee-nyayla cuisinière kwee-zee-nyehr salesperson le vendeur vawn-dur la vendeuse vawn-duz fire fighter le pompier pohn-pyay la pompier pohn-pyay plumber le plombier plohn-byay la plombier plohn-byay librarian le bibliothécairebee-blee-oh-tehkehr .

la bibliothécaire bee-blee-oh-tehkehr police officer l'agent de policelah-zhawnd pohleess l'agent de policelah-zhawnd pohleess reporter le journaliste zhoor-nah-leestla journaliste zhoor-nah-leest factory worker l'ouvrier loov-ree-ay l'ouvrière loov-ree-ehr banker le banquier bahn-kee-ay la banquière bahn-kee-ehr lawyer l'avocat lah-voh-kah l'avocate lah-voh-kaht postal worker le facteur fahk-tur la factrice fahk-trees carpenter le charpentier shar-pawn-tyayla charpentier shar-pawn-tyay engineer l'ingénieur lahn-zhay-nyur l'ingénieure lahn-zhay-nyur doctor le médecin mayd-sawn la médecin mayd-sawn nurse l'infirmier lahn-feer-myay l'infirmière lahn-feer-myehr pharmacist le pharmacien fahr-mah-seeahn la pharmaciennefahr-mah-seeenn psychologist le psychologue psee-koh-lohg .

There are also words that are always feminine (such as la victime) even if the person is a man.67 MB ] Math les mathématiques maht-eemah-teek .la psychologue psee-koh-lohg dentist le dentiste dawn-teest la dentiste dawn-teest veterinarian le vétérinaire vay-tay-ree-nehrla vétérinaire vay-tay-ree-nehr taxi driver le chauffeur de taxi shoh-furd tahksee la chauffeur de taxi shoh-furd tahksee writer l'écrivain lay-kree-vahn l'écrivaine lay-kree-venn teacher l'instituteur lahn-stee-tew-turl'institutrice lahn-stee-tewtrees professor le professeur proh-fuh-sur la professeur proh-fuh-sur student l'étudiant lay-tew-dee-awnl'étudiante lay-tew-dee-awnt intern le stagiaire stah-zhee-air la stagiaire stah-zhee-air retired le retraité ruh-treh-teh la retraitée ruh-treh-teh Note:Notice that some professions are always masculine. even if the person is a woman. School Subjects[ mp3 .1.

Geography la géographie zhay-ohgrahf-ee Algebra l'algèbre lal-zheb Physics la physique fees-eek Calculus le calcul kahl-kewl Biology la biologie bee-ol-ohzhee Geometry la géométrie zhay-ohmay-tree Chemistry la chimie shee-mee Business le commerce koh-mairs Zoology la zoologie zoh-ol-ohzhee Accounting la comptabilité kohn-tahbee-lee-tehBotany la botanique boh-tahneek Economics les sciences économiques see-awns ay-koh-nohmeek Art les artsplastiques zahr-plahsteek Foreign Languages les langues vivantes lawn veevahnt Music la musique mew-zeek .

) .Linguistics la linguistique lahn-gweesteek Dance la danse dahns Literature la littérature lee-tay-rahtur Drawing le dessin duh-sahn Philosophy la philosophie fee-loh-sohfee Painting la peinture pahn-tur Psychology la psychologie p-see-koloh-zhee Computer Science l'informatique lahn-formah-teek Political Science les sciences politiques see-awns poh-leeteek Technology la technologie teck-no-lohzhee History l'histoire(f) lees-twahrPhysical Education l'éducation physique(f) lay-dew-kahsee-ohn feezeek Notice that you do not use an indefinite article before professions. Qu'est-ce que vous faites dans la vie ?What do you do for a living? Je suis avocate. (fem.I am a lawyer. unless they are preceded by an adjective.

Je fais mes études à l'université de Toronto. Qu'est-ce que vous étudiez ? What do you study? Quelles matières étudiez-vous ?What subjects do you study? J'étudie les langues étrangères et la linguistique.I study at the University of Toronto. Je fais des mathématiques. Ma spécialisation est la biologie.I study foreign languages and linguistics. Je suis étudiant.My major is biology.I am a professor. Slang words/abbreviations for school: dictionary un dico dee-koh student un potache poh-tash paper / essay une dissertedee-sehrt book un bouquin bookahn college / facultyla fac fahk to work bosser baw-say quiz une interro ahn-teh-roh to understandpiger pee-zhay to have detention être collé(e) avoir une colle eh-truh kawl-leh ah-vwahr ewn kawl to skip (a class) sécher (un cours) seh-shay 23.I study/do math.Je suis professeur.50 MB ] at / to / in à ah during pendant pawn-dawn from / of / .I go to the university of Michigan.) Où est-ce que vous faites vos études ?Where do you study? Je vais à l'université de Michigan.I am a student (masc. Prepositions and Contractions[mp3 .1.

about de duh since / for depuis duh-pwee at the house of chez sheh among parmi par-mee in dans / en dawn / awn between entre awn-truh for pour poohr around autour de oh-toor duh by / throughPar pahr against contre kohn-truh in front of devant duh-vawntoward vers / envers vair / awn-vair behind derrière dair-eeair through / across à travers ah trah-vair before Avant ah-vawnwith avec ah-veck after Après ah-prehwithout sans Sawn up en haut awn oh inside dedans / l'intérieur .

En Dans is used to show the time when an action will begin.) In: Dans vs. respectively. They are not followed by nouns or pronouns. while en shows . unlike prepositions.duh-dawn / ah lahn-tay-ree-uhr down en bas awn bahoutside dehors / l'extérieur duh-ohr / ah lekstay-ree-uhr on sur sewr outside of hors de / en dehors de ohr duh / awn duhohr duh over / above au-dessus deoh-duhsew because of à cause de ah kohz duh under / below sous / audessous de oh-duhsoo according to selon / d'aprèssuh-lohn / dah-preh across fromen face de awn fahs duh approximatelyenviron awn-vee-rohn near près de preh duhin spite of malgré mahl-greh far from loin de lwahn duh as for quant à kawn tah You can also usedessus anddess ous as adverbs to mean over it / on top of it and beneath it / underneath it. Prepositional Contractions à + le =au ohat / to / in the à + les =auxoh at / to / in the (pl.) de + le =du dewof / from / about the de + les =desday of / from / about the (pl.

Je vais en France avec ma sœur. everything is simple.I'm leaving in 15 minutes. L'homme aux cheveux roux est très grand. Il peut lire ce livre en une demi-heure.à is used when referring to someone's attributes. With: Avec vs. Chez cet enfant. A vs." To describe the way a person carries him/herself.I'm going to France with my sister.He can read this book in a half hour.the length of time an action takes. tout est simple. 24. Elle me remercie d'un sourire.The man with the red hair is very tall. Countries and Nationalities / Les pays et les nationalités Africa l'Afrique (f) Finland la Finlande Norway la Norvège African africain/e Finnish finnois/e Norwegiannorvégien/ne Albania l'Albanie France la France Macedoniala Macédoine Albanian albanais/e French français/e Macedonianmacédonien/ne Algeria l'Algérie Germany l'Allemagne (f) Poland la Pologne Algerian algérien/ne German allemand/e Polish polonais/e America l'Amérique (f)Great Britainla GrandeBretagne Portugal . les mains dans les poches. Chez Avec implies doing something or going along with someone.She thanks me with a smile. Il marche. Je pars dans quinze minutes. andche z is used to mean "as far as (person) is concerned. De vs. de is used in phrases of manner and in many idiomatic expressions.He walks with his hands in his pockets. no extra word is used.With this child.

le Portugal Americanaméricain/e British brittanique Portugueseportugais/e Argentinal'Argentine (f) Greece la Grèce Quebec le Québéc Argentineargentin/e Greek grec / grecque Quebeckerquébécois/e Asia l'Asie (f) Hungary la Hongrie Romania la Roumanie Asian asiatique Hungarian hongrois/e Romanianroumain/e Australia l'Australie (f) Iceland l'Islande Russia la Russie Australianaustralien/ne Icelandic islandais/e Russian russe Austria l'Autriche (f) India l'Inde Scotland l'Ecosse Austrian autrichien/ne Indian indien/ne Scottish écossais/e Belgium la Belgique Indonesia l'Indonsie (f) Senegal le Sénégal Belgian belge Indonesian indonsien/ne Senegalesesénégalais/e Bosnia la Bosnie .

)hébreu Slovenia la Slovénie Bulgarianbulgare Italy l'Italie (f) Slovene slovène Cambodiale Cambodge Italian italien/ne Spain l'Espagne (f) Cambodiancambodgien/ne Japan le Japon Spanish espagnol/e Canada le Canada Japanese japonais/e Sweden la Suède Canadiancanadien/ne Korea la Corée Swedish suédois/e China la Chine Korean coréen/ne Switzerlandla Suisse Chinese chinois/e Latvia la Lettonie .Ireland l'Irlande (f) Serbia la Serbie Bosnian bosniaque Irishman irlandais/e Serbian serbe Brazil le Brésil Israel l'Israël Slovakia la Slovaquie Brazilian brésilien/ne Israeli israëlien/ne Slovak slovaque Bulgaria la Bulgarie Hebrew (lang.

Swiss suisse Croatia la Croatie Latvian letton/ne Taiwan le Taïwan Croatian croate Lithuania la Lituanie Taiwanesetaïwanais/e Czech Republic la République Tchèque Lithuanian lituanien/ne Tunisia la Tunisie Czech tchèque Luxembourgle Luxembourg Tunisian tunisien/ne Denmark le Danemark Luxembourgerluxembourgeois/e Turkey la Turquie Danish danois/e Malta Malte Turk turc / turcque Egypt l'Egypte (f) Maltese maltais/e Ukraine l'Ukraine Egyptian égyptien/e Morocco le Maroc Ukrainian ukrainien/ne England l'Angleterre (f)Moroccan marocain/e United Kingdom la RoyaumeUni English anglais/e Netherlandsles Pays-Bas United States .

Je suis française. I am not from Mexico. I am from Canada. I am French (feminine. Ellen'estpas danoise. They are not from Portugal. They are from the United States. Adjectives of nationalities and languages are not capitalized in written French. (masculine or feminine) Il est australien. Je parle chinois et japonais. but this is not exactly correct (just as it is not correct to use Holland when referring to the Netherlands in English). He is Australian.479 KB ] To make sentences negative. I speak Chinese and Japanese. I don't speak Swedish. you usesi and not oui.les Etats-Unis Estonia l'Estonie Dutch néerlandais/e Vietnam le Vietnam Estonian estonien/ne Dutch (person) hollandais/e Vietnamesevietnamien/ne Europe l'Europe (f) New Zealandla NouvelleZélande Wales le Pays-deGalles Europeaneuropéen/ne New Zealander néo-zélandais/e Welsh gallois/e Note: The masculine forms of the nationalities are also used for the language. The definite article is not used before a language when it follows the verb parler (to speak): Je parle anglais. Jene suispas du Mexique. but it cannot be omitted in written French. Je suis du Canada. She is not Danish. however. simply putne andpas around the verb. Notice that French also usesho llandais when referring to Dutch people and sometimes the Dutch language. In spoken French. Vousn'êtespas du Brésil ? You aren't from Brazil? . Elles sont des Etats-Unis. thene is frequently omitted. And when you are replying "yes" to a negative question. I am not Swiss. Negative Sentences[mp3 . 25.) Jene suispas suisse. Jene parlepas suédois. Ilsne sontpas du Portugal.

Yes. and countries[ mp3 . le Zimbabwe. Pennsylvanie. province or state ends in-e. Some cities have an article as well. we are from Brazil. va en France demain. vient de Londres. and therefore.e.à la de la à de en de Vowelà l' de l' à d' en d' Pluralaux des aux des aux des If the name of a country ends in-e. it is feminine. and Virginie are the feminine American states. He comes from London. 26. i. de Haut-Rhin. le Zaïre. For French régions or départements that begin with Haut(e). and le Mozambique. there is no elision with preceding words.407 KB ] Places Cities Countries Masc. it is masculine. w/ Vowel en / dans l' d' / de l' Masc. Géorgie. Californie. Je Il On Tu vais à la boulangerie.au du à de au du Fem. la Haute-Normandie. if a region. w/ Consonant au / dans le du In general. The country exceptions are le Cambodge. Caroline du Nord / Sud. such as La Nouvelle-Orléans (New Orleans). . Floride. I'm going to the bakery. To / In and From places. We're going to France tomorrow. If it ends in anything else. All continents are feminine.Si. while Maine is masculine. cities. nous sommes du Brésil. le Mexique. Louisiane. etc. Provinces & States To / In From Feminine en de Islands à de / d' Masc. viens du Mexique ? You come from Mexico? Prepositions with Regions. the h is an aspirate h. the gender is feminine.

They are going to go to England. Elle va parler russe. or -ir." Ils vont aller en Angleterre.) However.I'm fine. I do run. I want to travel in Texas.He's holding a pencil. general state. Vous venez de manger une pomme. Je viens des Etats-Unis. They live in California. Il tient un crayon.We're going to Spain.) and the emphatic (I do write. Aller is also used idiomatically when talking about health. Je veux voyager dans le Texas. I come from the United States. -er -re 1st -ir 2nd -ir* -e ." Il vient d'aller en Finlande. Besides the simple present tense (I write.to become. -re.She's going to speak Russian. Aller + an infinitive means "going to do something. or habitual activity.16 MB ] Venir-to come(vuh-neer) Aller-to go(ah-l ay) viensvee-ahn venonsvuh-nohn vaisvay allonsah-lohn viensvee-ahn venez vuh-nayvas vahallez ah-lay vientvee-ahn viennentvee-enn va vahvont Vohn Other verbs that are conjugated like venir:tenir . Venir de + an infinitive means "to have just done something. these three English present tenses are all translated by the present indicative tense in French. I run.I'm going to become a professor. To conjugate verbs in the present tense.obtenir . Comment vas-tu ?How are you? Je vais bien. To Come and to Go[mp3 .He just went to Finland.to come back. Nous allons en Espagne. Ce fromage vient du Nord. Tu ne vas pas au Brésil cet été. there are two other forms of the present tense in English: the progressive (I am writing.54 MB] Verbs in French end in -er. He is from Haute-Savoie. The verb before it is conjugated is called the infinitive. Il est de Haute-Savoie.You're not going to Brazil this summer.) The present indicative tense indicates an ongoing action.to get. Je vais devenir professeur.aim. use the stem and add the following endings. 28. Conjugating Regular Verbs in the Present Indicative Tense[ mp3 1. This cheese comes from Nord. I see).is the stem. Removing the last two letters leaves you with the stem (aimer is the infinitive. etc. I am running.to hold.devenir .Elles habitent en Californie. etc. 27.re venir .You just ate an apple.1.

to like.-ons -s -ons -is -issons -s -ons -es -ez -s -ez -is -issez -s -ez -e -ent -ent -it -issent -t -ent Sample Regular Verbs in the Present tense aimer . love vendre vawn-druh to sell chanter shahn-tay to sing attendre ah-tawn-druh to wait for chercher share-shay to look for entendre .to leave finis fee-neefinissons fee-nee-sohnpars pahrpartons pahr-tohn finis fee-neefinissez fee-nee-say parspahr partez pahr-tay finit fee-neefinissent fee-neess part pahrpartent pahrt Regular verbs -er -re aimer em-ay to like.to sell j'aimezhem aimons em-ohn vendsvawn vendonsvawn-dohn aimesem aimez em-ay vendsvawn vendezvawn-day aimeem aiment em vendvawn vendentvawnd finir .to finish partir . love vendre .

awn-tawn-druh to hear commencerkoh-mawn-sayto begin perdre pair-druh to lose donner dohn-nay to give répondre (à)ray-pohn-druh (ah)to answer étudier ay-too-dee-ayto study descendredeh-sawn-druh to go down fermer fehr-may to close 1st -ir habiter ah-bee-tay to live bâtir bah-teer to build jouer zhoo-ay to play finir fee-neer to finish manger mawn-zhay to eat choisir shwa-zeer to choose montrer mohn-tray to show punir poo-neer to punish parler par-lay to speak remplir rawn-pleer to fill penser pawn-say to think obéir (à) oh-bay-eer (ah) to obey travailler trah-vy-yay to work réussir ray-oo-seer to succeed .

dormir (to sleep). feel) and servir (to serve. * The 2nd -ir verbs are considered irregular sometimes because there are only a few verbs which follow that pattern. heal Note:If a verb is followed byà (like répondre) you have to use the à and any contractions after the conjugated verb.) 29. I answer the phone. sentir (to smell. Most indicate a reflexive action but some are idiomatic and can't be translated literally. mentir (to lie).861 KB ] These verbs are conjugated like normal verbs. Pronominal (Reflexive) Verbs[ mp3 . but they require an extra pronoun before the verb.trouver troo-vay to find guérir gay-reer to cure.Ex: Je répondsau téléphone. The pronouns are: me nous te vous se se Some Pronominal Verbs s'amuser to have funse reposer to rest se réveiller to wake up se lever to get up se souvenir de to remember se raser to shave se laver to wash (oneself) s'entendre bien to get along wells'ennuyer to get bored se dépêcher to hurry se coucher to go to bed se promenerto take a walk se peignerto comb se brosser to brush s'intéresser àto be interested in s'habiller to get dressed se maquillerto put on makeup .) You can also download a list of the 681 most common verbs in French (available in PDF format. Other verbs like partir aresortir (to go out).

The c must have the accent (called a cedilla) under it to make the c sound soft.1. Thenous form ofcommencer isn't commencons. such as after another verb. the reflexive pronoun agrees with the subject of the sentence. The e has to stay so the g can retain the soft sound. I'm going to go to bed.43 MB ] 1. Verbs that end in-ger and-cer : Thenous form ofm anger isn't mangons.) se détendreto relax Note:When used in the infinitive. manger-to eat commencer-to begin mangemawnzh mangeonsmawnzhohn commencekohmawnzcommençons kohmawnsohn mangesmawnzh mangez mawnzhay commenceskohmawnzcommencezkohmawn-say mangemawnzh mangentmawnzh commencekohmawnzcommencentkohmawnz 2.s'entraîner to train/practice se marier to get married se casser to break (arm.Je vais me coucher maintenant. Verbs that add or change to an accent grave: Some verbs add or change to an accent grave (è) in all the forms except thenous andvous. but commençons. acheter-to buy espérer-to hope j'achètezhah-shet achetonsah-shuh-tohn j'espèrezhess-pehr . Irregularities in Regular Verbs[mp3 . etc. Sample Irregular Pronominal Verb s'asseoir .to sit down je m'assiedsmah-see-ay nous nous asseyonsnoo-zah-say-ohn tu t'assiedstah-see-ay vous vous asseyezvous-zah-say-yay il s'assied sah-see-ayils s'asseyent sah-say-ee 30. but mangeons. leg.

give. or does happen now. andjeter-to throw( zheh-ta y) double the consonant in all forms except thenous andvous. . appeler-to call j'appellezhah-pell appelonsah-puh-lohn appellesah-pell appelez ah-puh-lay appelle ah-pell appellentah-pell 31. or has happened. you use the passé composé. Verbs that are conjugated as -er verbs: Some -ir verbs are conjugated with -er endings.décou vrir-to discover and souffrir-to suffer.cou vrir-to cover. For example:offrir-to offer. is happening. The passé composé is used for actions that happened only once. Verbs that double the consonant: Some verbs.ouvrir-to open.452 KB ] You have learned the present indicative so far.espéronsess-pay-rohn achètesah-shet achetezah-shuh-tay espèresess-pehr espérezess-pay-ray achèteah-shet achètentah-shet espèreess-pehr espèrentess-pehr 3. a specified number of times or during a specified period of time. offrir-to offer j'offrezhaw-fruh offronsaw-frohn offresaw-fruh offrezaw-fray offreaw-fruh offrentaw-fruh 4. and as a result or consequence of another action. All you need to learn are the past participles of the verbs.netto yer-to clean(nuh-twah-ya y). Present Perfect Tense or Passé Composé[mp3 .essa yer-to try(ess-a h-yay) envoyer-to send j'envoiezhawn-vwah envoyonsawn-vwah-yohn envoiesawn-vwah envoyezawn-vwah-yay Envoieawn-vwah envoientawn-vwah 5. which expresses what happens. such asappeler-to call(ahp-l ay). but if you want to say something happened. Verbs that end in-ye r : Change they to ani in all forms except the nous and vous. Examples:envo yer-to send(aw n -vwah-ya y).

He answered (or has answered) the telephone. I didn't like the concert. put thene andpas around the conjugated form ofavoir. He didn't answer (or hasn't answered) .973 KB ] avoir to have eu(ew) had ouvrir to open ouvert(oo-vehr)opened connaîtreto know connu known offrir to offer offert offered croire to believe cru believed pouvoir to be able to pu was able to devoir to have to dû had to prendre to take pris(pree) taken e to tell dit said apprendre . Irregular Past Participles[ mp3 . They filled (or have filled) the cups. Il n'a pasrépondu. Nous avons fini le projet. We finished (or have finished) the project. I liked the concert. 32. They didn't fill (or haven't filled) the glasses. Tu as habité ici ? You lived here? Il a répondu au téléphone. Je n'ai pasaimé le concert. Elles ont rempli les tasses.Regular Verbs: Formation of the Past Participle -er-é -re-u -ir-i Then conjugateavoir and add the past participle: J'ai aimé le concert. To make it negative. Elles n'ont pasrempli les tasses.

makefait made recevoir to receive reçu(reh-sew) received e to read lu read rire to laugh ri laughed ttre to put mis(mee)put savoir to know su known rmettre to permit permis permitted voir to see vu seen omettre to promisepromis promised vouloir to want voulu(voo-lew)wanted 33. The house verbs are: aller-to go sortir-to go out venir-to come mourir-to die arriver-to arrive . and they must agree in gender and number with the subject.to learn appris learned rire to write écrit written comprendreto understand compris understood e to be été been surprendreto surprise surpris surprised re to do. Etre Verbs[ mp3 .730 KB ] Sixteen "house" verbsand all pronominal verbsare conjugated withêtre.

Conjugation of an être verb Je suis resté(e) Nous sommes resté(e)s Tu es resté(e) Vous êtes resté(e)(s) Il est resté Ils sont restés Elle est restée Elles sont restées You add thee for feminine ands for plural. follow these rules: Masculine Feminine Adjective . Before plural adjectives preceding plural nouns. Vous can have any of the endings. Ex: Some old monuments. place ne. When used before the noun.970 KB ] Almost all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the noun they modify. To form the negative. they take a figurative meaning. nouvel. rentrer. and pas after the auxiliary verb. I went out.. Je suis sortie. place ne before the reflexive pronoun. monter. except venir-venu.And five of these verbs. go after the noun. mol. devenirdevenu. I took the trash out.and vieil) are used before masculine singular words beginning with a vowel or a silent h. revenir-revenu. and the meaning changes accordingly. so to change to the feminine forms. The five words in parentheses (bel.and naître-né. sortir. fol. you usede instead ofdes to mean some.partir-to leave devenir-to become monter-to go up entrer-to enter tomber-to fall revenir-to come back rester-to stay rentrer-to return home naître-to be born passer-to go by (pass) descendre-to go down Most have regular past participles. 53. Conjugation of a Pronominal Verb Je me suis amusé(e) Nous nous sommes amusé(e)s Tu t'es amusé(e) Vous vous êtes amusé(e)(s) Il s'est amusé Ils se sont amusés Elle s'est amusée Elles se sont amusées To form the negative. Adjectives: Formation of Feminine[ mp3 . A few adjectives can be used before or after the noun. mourir-mort. Most adjectives are given in the masculine form..pas around the auxiliary verb. numbers. andpasser can sometimes be conjugated withavo ir if they are used with a direct object. they take a literal meaning.De vieux monuments. J'ai sorti la poubelle. and when used after. descendre.

soft -il. and -eille naturel naht-ur-ellnaturelle naht-ur-ell natural -et changes to -ète inquiet ahn-kee-ayinquiète ahn-kee-ettworried Exceptions:muet mew-ay muette mew-ett silent coquet koh-kay coquettekoh-kett stylish -enand -on change to -enneand -onne Italien ee-tahl-eeahn . add nothing jeune zhun jeune zhun young -x changes to -se généreuxzhay-nayruh généreusezhay-nayruhz generous Exceptions:faux foh fausse fohss false roux roo rousse rooss red (hair) doux doo douce dooss sweet.and -eil change to -ille. -el.Add-e brun brahn brune brunn brown fatigué fah-tee-gayfatiguée fah-tee-gaytired If it already ends in -e. -elle.

Italienneee-tahl-eeenn Italian -er changes to -ère cher share chère share dear. expensive -f changes to -ve actif ac-teef active ac-teev active -c changes to -che blanc blawn blanche blawnsh white Exceptions:public pooh-bleekpublique pooh-bleekpublic grec grek grecque grek Greek -g changes to -gue long lawn longue lawng long -eur changes to -euseif adjective is derived from verb menteurmawn-tur menteusemawn-tuhzliar -eur changes to -riceif adjective is not same as verb créateurkray-ah-tur créatricekray-ahtreess creator -eur changes to -eurewith adjectives of comparison inférieurahn-fay-reeuhr inférieureahn-fay-reeuhr inferior And a few completely irregular ones: épais ay-peh épaisse ay-pehz thick favori .

fah-voh-reefavorite fah-voh-reetfavorite frais freh fraîche frehsh fresh. Compound adjectives.banals. final . such as bleu clair (light blue) and vert foncé (dark green). More Adjectives[ mp3 . cool 54.. adjectives that are also nouns.bon marchéor meilleur marché (inexpensive) never change.2. .argent (silver). narrow étroit/e curiouscurieux/euse sensitive sensible . except in these cases:-al becomes-aux(exceptions: banal . To form the masculine plural.411 KB ] To form the feminine plural. some adjectives are invariable and do not have feminine or plural forms. then add nothing.marron (chestnut). noisybruyant/e situatedsitué/e crazy fou/folle elegant élégant/e big gros/se interesting intéressant/e tight. add nothing. unless it already ends in an s. and if it ends in an x or s already. such asor (gold). 55. just add an-s..finals). and the wordschic (stylish). Masculine Singular Masculine Plural nationalnational nationaux generalgénéral généraux Feminine Singular Feminine Plural nationalnationale nationales generalgénérale générales And of course there are more exceptions. Forming Plurals: Adjectives[ mp3 . just add an-s.59 MB ] short (length) court/e differentdifférent/e boring ennuyeux/euse loud.

marrant/e optimistic optimiste ready prêt/e heavy lourd/e pessimistic pessimiste sad triste careful prudent/e tolerant tolérant/e clever malin/maligne dirty sale pretentious prétentieux/euse lazy paresseux/euse tired fatigué/e ambitious ambitieux/se generousgénéreux/euse angry fâché/e pleasant agréable famous célèbre annoyedirrité/e enthusiasticenthousiaste decorateddécoré/e old .several plusieurs/plusieuresnervous nerveux/euseathletic sportif/sportive pointed pointu/e only seul/e stubborn têtu/e bright vif/vive amusingamusant/e shy timide cute mignon/ne touchingémouvant/e hard-workingtravailleur/euse perfect parfait/e funny drôle.

but fewer meanings in English. The addition of an e for the feminine form allows the last consonant to be voiced. the verb rendre means to give something that you owe to someone. such as On rend ses devoirs au professeur. meaning very or really. dumbmocheugly. Some common slang adjectives that are used constantly in everyday speech: chouette great. = He is really nice.to visit places rendre visite à . These adjectives go after the noun.to bring someone to some place emmener .to visit people apporter . deplorable The intensifiersvac hement anddrôlement are also used often. = She is very sad. visiter .to take someone from some place apprendre quelque chose . But rendre + adjective means to make someone or something + adjective.927 KB ] Some verbs in French present problems because they have several translations in English.to teach someone something . unpleasant débile idiotic sensasssensational dégueu(lasse)disgusting.to learn something apprendre quelque chose à quelqu'un .to take things from some place amener .âgé/e honest honnête Note: Remember the first word is the masculine and the second is the feminine.to bring things to some place emporter . It can also be used in the sense of to represent. Problem Verbs[ mp3 . Other verbs can have several translations in French. Il est vachement sympa. 56. goodminable mediocre con / conne stupid. bad super marvellous extra extraordinarysympanice. Normally. Tu me rends si heureuse !You make me so happy! Le fait qu'il ne possède pas de voiture le rend triste. pleasant génial very interesting tarte inane impec perfect tocardridiculous.The fact that he doesn't have a car makes him sad. Elle est drôlement triste.

I am happy to see you.to go out s'en aller . lourd. triste Je suis contente de vous voir. Chinese.to go away laisser .to come back (to where speaker currently is) rentrer . c'est impossible à apprendre en un an ! No. Also. has already been mentioned. He is ready to leave. il est impossible d'apprendre le chinois en un an !(This sentence contains the direct object after the infinitive. dernier. Est-ce qu'on peut apprendre le chinois en un an ? Can you learn Chinese in one year? Non. désolé. A longer list of adjectives that require à or de before an infinitive . savoir Je ne peux vivre sans toi. seul Il est prêt à partir.to meet (for an appointment) partir . redoûter.to make someone do something rendre . Other adjectives requireà before the infinitive: agréable. 57. the wordne is required. And a few verbs only requirene and not pas in the negative. and there is no direct object.It is easy to learn Italian. but this is elevated or literary language: cesser. and the direct object is used.to meet someone for the first time retrouver .) Il est facile d'apprendrel'italien.rencontrer .to return or give something back faire .to leave something behind retourner . but this does not imply negation: craindre. terrible. while il est + adjective + de + infinitive is used when the idea has not yet been mentioned. intéressant. oser. pénible.to meet faire la connaissance de . léger. thec'est construction is used when you do not use a direct object after the infinitive of the transitive verb. empêcher Je crains qu'il ne fasse trop froid. ennuyeux.to make someone + adjective After some verbs. and the il est construction is used when you do. I cannot live without you. premier.to come or go home rendre .to leave (from or for a place) quitter .to make fabriquer . rapide. lent.) OR: Non. furieux.to produce obliger .to leave (a person or place) sortir .838 KB ] C'est + adjective + à + infinitive is used when the idea has already been mentioned. pouvoir.) Adjectives that express a certain emotion requirede before the infinitive: content. amusant. C'est/Il est + Adjective + à/de + Infinitive [ mp3 . prêt. heureux. it's impossible to learn in one year! (The idea.to go back (to where speaker is not) revenir . I'm afraid that it's too cold. (The idea has not already been mentioned.

Sports & Instruments[ mp3 . In addition. du cheval leh-kee-tah-seeohn.17 MB ] Soccer le football luh foot-bahl Softball le softball luh softbahl Hockey le hockey luh ock-ee Golf le golf luh golf Football le football américain luh foot-bahl ahmehr-ee-kahn Bicycling le vélo luh vay-low Basketball le basket luh bahs-kett Surfing le surf luh serf Baseball le base-ball luh base-bahl Dirt/Motor biking le bicross luh beecross Horse-back ri ding l'équitation. on French V. when quelque chose is followed by an adjective.can be found at 91. quelque chose d'intéressant = something interesting 58.1.de is inserted between the two. dew shuh-vahlFrench hornle cor d'harmonie kohr darmoh-nee Tennis le tennis luh ten-ees violin le violon vee-oh-lohn Skiing le ski luh skee guitar la guitare .

59. Nature[ mp3 . Il veut jouer du tuba. Jouer à + a sport also means to play. I can play the guitar.You play soccer. Je peux jouer de la guitare.11 MB ] air l'air (m) frost . Nous jouons de la clarinette.3. as does jouer de + an instrument. while le catch is professional/fake wrestling. J'aime jouer au tennis.I like to play tennis.He wants to play the tuba. Faire de + a sport means to play.We play the clarinet. Tu fais du foot.gee-tahr Volleyball le volley luh voll-ee drum le tambour tawn-boor Wrestling la lutte / le catchlah lewt / luh kahtch tuba le tuba tew-bah Jogging le jogging luh jog-eeng flute la flûte flewt Ice-skating le patin à glaceluh pah-tahn ah glahs trombone le trombonetrohn-bohn Swimming la natation lah nah-tah-seeohn clarinet la clarinette klah-reenett Track and Field l'athlétisme lat-lay-tees-muh cello le violoncellevee-ohlohn-sell Bowling le bowling luh booh-ling harp la harpe arp La lutte is regular wrestling (the real Greco-Roman sport).

la gelée rose la rose archipelagol'archipel (m) grass l'herbe (f) sand le sable bank la rive gulf le golfe sea la mer bay la baie hail la grêle shadow l'ombre (f) barn la grange hay le foin sky le ciel beach la plage high tide la marée haute snow la neige branch la branche hill la colline soil la terre bridge le pont ice la glace south le sud bud le bouton island I'île (f) spring (water) la source bush le buisson isthmus l'isthme star l'étoile (f) cape le cap jungle la jungle .

stem la tige cave la caverne lake le lac storm l'orage (f) / la tempête city la ville leaf la feuille strait le détroit climate le climat light la lumière stream le ruisseau cloud le nuage lightning l'éclair (m) street la rue coast la côte lily le lis sun le soleil comet la comète low tide la marée basse sunflowerle tournesol constellationla constellationmeadow le pré thaw la fonte country le pays moon la lune thunder le tonnerre country(side)la campagne mountain la montagne tornado la tornade current le courant mountain range la chaîne de montagnes tree .

l'arbre (m) daffodil la jonquille mouth (river)l'embouchure (f) trunk le tronc daisy la margueritemud la vase tulip la tulipe darkness l'obscurité (f)nature la nature valley la vallée desert le désert north le nord view la vue dew la rosée peninsula la péninsule water l'eau (f) dust la poussièreplain la plaine fresh waterl'eau douce earth la terre planet la planète salt waterl'eau salée east l'est (m) plant la plante watering can l'arrosoir (m) farm la ferme pond l'étang (m) waterfall la cascade field le champ pot (for le pot de fleurs wave la vague / l'onde plants) (f) flower la fleur .

viv e.to live.1. Vive la France ! Long live France! 61. A subjunctive form of vivre.rain la pluie weather le temps foam l'écume (f) rainbow l'arc-en-ciel (m) west l'ouest (m) fog le brouillard river le fleuve wind le vent foliage le feuillage rock le rocher world le monde forest la forêt root la racine 60. is often used in exclamations. be alive (vee-vruh) Present Imperfect Future vis vivons vivais vivions vivrai vivrons vis vivez vivais viviez vivras vivrez vit vivent vivait vivaient vivra vivront The past participle of vivre isvécu and it is conjugated with avoir.626 KB ] vivre . Vivre is used to mean the state of being alive. Personal Pronouns[ mp3 .Habiter is another verb that means to live.34 MB ] Subject . but it means to live in a place. To Live[ mp3 .

. Jevou s donne la boîte. I buy some pants. Jeles achète. They also go after thene in a negative sentence and right before the verb. The Direct and Indirect Object pronouns go before the verb even though in English they go after it. or can be used alone for emphasis. They go before the conjugated verb forms.Direct Object Indirect Object Disjunctives je I me(m uh)me me to me moi(m wah)me tu youte(tuh) youte to youtoi(twah) you il he le himlui(lwee) to himlui him elle shela her lui to her elle her nouswe nous us nous to us nous us vousyou vous youvous to youvous you ils theyles themleur to themeux(uh) them ellesthey les themleur to themelles them Note:You have already learned the subject pronouns. I buy them. Je vous la donne. Sample Sentences: J'achète des pantalons. I give the box to you. The disjunctive always go after prepositions.

Jet'aime. You didn't live there. la. orvou s. te. Jet'ai demandé du pain. The same for nous and vous. (familiar) Nous allons avecelle. t'. Ill'a regardée. thenlui. He leaves her. Tu n'y as pas habité. le. toi. We didn't finish (or haven't finished) it. Note:When you have more than one pronoun. Il nel'a pas aimé. I liked them. nous. She doesn't love him. or vous come first. Il nela quitte pas. Nous nel'avons pas fini. te. Je nevous ai pas parlé.85 MB ] Standard French Slang head la tête . Thel' could mean him or her.2. they go before the complete verb in regular sentences. so you might not need to put the extrae on the past participle.or Jevous aime. Note:Add ane if the pronoun is feminine. Vousen avez écouté trois. Parts of the Body / Les parties du corps [ mp3 . then moi. orles come first. andla contract to m'. Ellesnous ont écouté(e)s. andl' when they precede a vowel. In commands. (Me and te become moi and toi in commands)nous. Aprèstoi. We go with her. Me. You've listened to three of them. connected with a hyphen.I give it to you. If you haveprono uns. He watched her.or les. He doesn't leave her. We spoke to him/her. In the passé composé witha voir. And the pronoun order changes a little too:Le. Jeles ai aimés. Nouslui avons parlé. but after thene and before the form ofavoir in negative sentences. then le. After you. Illa quitte. I asked you for some bread. direct object pronouns only must agree in gender and number with the past participle. the pronouns go after the verb. 62. orl e ur. and ans if it is plural. I didn't speak (or haven't spoken) to you. They must have ans because they are plural. then luior leur. la. I love you. He didn't like it/her/him. Elle nel'aime pas. me. They listened to us. but it is unclear as to whether they are masculine or feminine. the same wayje does.

tet la caboche / le crâne hair les cheveux shuh-vuh les tifs face la figure / le visage / la face fee-ger / vee-sawzh forehead le front frohn cheek la joue zhoo ear l'oreille oh-ray les esgourdes eye/s l'œil / les yeux uhee / yuh les mirettes beard la barbe barb la barbouse mustache la moustache moo-stash mouth la bouche boosh la gueule / la boîte lip la lèvre lev-ruh nose le nez nay le blair / le pif tongue la langue lawn tooth la dent dawn les crocs neck le cou koo eyebrows les sourcils soor-seel eyelashes les cils seel chin le menton .

mawn-tohn throat la gorge gorzh skin la peau poh blood le sang sawn bone l'os lohs shoulder l'épaule ay-pohl chest la poitrine pwah-treen waist la taille tahee belly button le nombril nohn-breel back le dos doh heart le cœur kir lungs les poumons poo-mohn brain le cerveau sehr-voh liver le foie fwah kidney le rein rehn bladder la vessie veh-see rib la côte koht arm le bras brah elbow le coude kood wrist le poignet pwahn-yay fist le poing .

pwahn hand la main mahn fingers les doigts dwah stomach / bellyl'estomac / le ventre less-to-mah / vawntruh le buffet / le bide butt les fesses fehss les miches body le corps kohr hip la hanche ahnsh leg la jambe zhamb knee le genou zhu-noo foot le pied pyay le penard / les arpions toes les orteils or-tie ankle la cheville shu-vee thigh la cuisse kweess shin le tibia tee-bee-ah calf le mollet moh-leh thumb le pouce pooss nails les ongles ohn-gluh tattoo le tatouage tah-too-ahzh piercing le piercing peer-seeng blond blond/e .

He has brown eyes. Elle a les cheveux roux. Tu me fais mal.I have a headache. Tu as mal au genou?Your knee hurts? Il a mal aux orteils. When describing hair color or eye color. you don't use peux. Elle est rousse. Ne lui faites pas mal.27 MB ] ant la fourmi giraffe la girafe pig le cochon antelope l'antilope goat la chèvre .Parl e-il anglais? is incorrect and must become Parle-t-il anglais? And je is usually only inverted with pouvoir or devoir. Animals[ mp3 . Il a les yeux marron.854 KB ] 1) Invert the subject and verb form and add a hyphen.His toes hurt.or on. if someone is causing you pain. such as a colon. J'ai mal à l'estomac.Don't hurt him / her. etc.Her arm hurts. and bleus. use faire mal (to hurt) plus the indirect pronoun. roux for hair. 63.4. you must put at between the verb form (if it ends in a vowel) and the subject for ease of pronunciation. exclamation point. elle. I weigh 50 kilos. You're hurting me.I have a stomach ache. châtain.blohn/d brunette brun/e bruhn/brewn red-head roux/rousse roo/roos light brown châtain shah-tahn To say something hurts or that you have an ache. She has red hair. 72. I am 1 m 60 cm. question mark. verts. She is a red-head. However. you can use avoir mal à (body part): J'ai mal à la tête. Notice that châtain and marron do not agree in gender or number. Elle a mal au bras. Asking Questions[ mp3 . 50 kilos.Puis-je ? (pweezh) is Can I? When typing in French. semi-colon. butpuis. Instead of Vous parlez anglais? use Parlez-vous anglais? But if you invert il. However. bruns. marron. if je is inverted with pouvoir. you must leave an extra space before a punctuation mark that has two components. Combien Combien Je fais Je pèse mésures-tu ? / Combien fais-tu ? How tall are you? pèses-tu ? How much do you weigh? 1m60. noirs for eyes. you use blonds.

pigeonle pigeon antenna l'antenne goose l'oie (f) pike le brochet bat la chauve-sourisgorilla le gorille pony le poney beak le bec grasshopperla sauterelle puppy le chiot bear l'ours (m) hamster le hamster rabbit le lapin bee l'abeille (f) hare le lièvre raccoonle raton laveur bird l'oiseau (m) hen la poule rat le rat blackbird le merle herring la hareng roosterle coq bull le taureau hoof le sabot salmonle saumon butterfly le papillon horn la corne scale l'écaille (f) calf le veau horse le cheval scorpionle scorpion cat le chat hummingbirdle colibri sea gullla mouette caterpillar .

la chenille iguana l'iguane seal le phoque cheetah le guépard insect l'insecte (m) shark le requin chicken le poulet jellyfish la méduse sheep le mouton chimpanzeele chimpanzé kitten le chaton shrimpla crevette claw la griffe ladybug la coccinelle slug la limace cockroachla cafard lamb l'agneau (m) snail l'escargot (m) cod la morue lark l'alouette (f) snake le serpent cocoon le cocon lion le lion sparrowle moineau cow la vache lizard le lézard spider l'araignée (f) crab le crabe lobster (spiny)la langouste squid le calamar crayfish l'écrevisse (f) louse le pou squirrell'écureuil (m) crocodile .

le crocodile mackerel le maquereau starfishl'étoile de mer crow le corbeau mole la taupe swallowl'hirondelle (f) deer le cerf monkey le singe swan le cygne dog le chien mosquito le moustique tadpolele têtard donkey l'âne (m) moth le papillon de nuittail la queue dragonfly la libellule mouse la souris tiger le tigre duck le canard mule le mulet toad le crapaud eagle l'aigle (m) mussel la moule trout la truite eel l'anguille (f) nest le nid tuna le thon elephant l'éléphant (m) nightingale le rossignol turkeyle dindon feather la plume octopus la pieuvre turtle la tortue .

fin la nageoire ostrich l'autruche wasp la guêpe fish le poisson owl le hibou weasella belette flea la puce ox le bœuf whale la baleine fly la mouche oyster l'huître (f) wing l'aile (f) fox le renard parrot le perroquet wolf le loup frog la grenouille partridge la perdrix worm le ver gill la branchie penguin le pingouin zebra le zèbre sit assis to bark aboyer lie down couche-toi to growl grogner shake donne la patteto pant haleter dog/cat food les croquettesto whine/whimper gémir leash la laisse to drool baver collar le collier .

232 KB ] This compound tense is used for flashbacks or anything thathad happened before the time of the narration. We had missed the meeting because the bus was late. so that literally it translates to "something or someone pleases.914 KB ] plaire-to please. 75. or to regret the absence (miss).Manquer à means "to fail to do. The last meaning uses inverted word order just like plaire. (Literally: You are missing to me) Ils ont manqué aux devoirs. Manquer has several meanings: to miss. This tense is comparable to the passé composé.I miss you. It's formed with the imperfect tense of avoir or être and the past participle of the main verb." As a reflexive verb.She missed the train.Dominique likes this dog. Tu me manques. Vous aviez faim parce que vous n'aviez pas du tout mangé.Faire plaisir à can also be used to mean "to delight or to like.I had not finished my work when he arrived.They failed to do the homework. se plaire means to enjoy being somewhere. Vous manquez de courage. Indefinite Pronouns[ mp3 . Plaire and Manquer[ mp3 . to lack. Cela me fait plaisir de vous revoir.You lack courage. Nous avions manqué le rendez-vous parce que le bus était en retard. 74. enjoy manquer-to miss. be lacking plaispleh plaisonspleh-zohn manquemawnk manquonsmawn-kohn plaispleh plaisezpleh-zay manquesmawnk manquezmawn-kay plaîtpleh plaisentplehzz manquemawnk manquentmawnk The past participle of plaire isplu." Cette chienne plaît à Dominique. (Literally: This dog is pleasing to Dominique. They enjoy being in London.I am happy to see you again. Imperfect of avoir or être avais avions étais étions avais aviez étais étiez + past participle avait avaient était étaient Je n'avais pas fini mon travail quand il est arrivé. you have to switch the subject and object around.576 KB ] . You were hungry because you hadn't eaten at all.) Ça t'a plu?Did you like it? Ils se plaisent à Londres. Pluperfect (Past Perfect) [ mp3 .to meow miauler to take/let dog outsortir le chien to scratch griffer to climb on grimper sur to pounce on se jeter sur 73." Elle a manqué le train. To say that someone likes something.

2.N O T: Je veux que je vienne. none aucun(e) some quelques-uns / quelques-unes anything n'importe quoi somewhere quelque part anyone n'importe qui several plusieurs anywhere n'importe où some.d'autres any time n'importe quand another un(e) autre nowhere nulle part Do not confuse chacun withchaq ue (each... If the two subjects are the same. every). -e -ions -es -iez -e -ent Conjugations in the Subjunctive avoir être faire aller aie(ay ) . same subject) To form the subjunctive.. such as someone or something.. drop the -ent and add -e. Nous and vous use the imperfect forms. (shows judgment and opinion) Je veux venir. -es.48 MB ] If a sentence expresses a subjective statement of opinion.(use infinitive. For je. Je doute que Marcsoit là. while chaque is an adjective that describes a noun. This is also the form for the ils/elles form of the subjunctive. someone/body quelqu'un each chacun(e) something quelque chose (de + adjective) not one. the subjunctive mood is used rather than the indicative. 76. The subjunctive is used in dependent clauses introduced by the word que. and -e. tu. il/elle. Subjunctive Mood [ mp3 . use the ils/elles form of the present indicative tense.Indefinite pronouns refer to no one or nothing in particular.others certains. Chacun is a pronoun and replaces a noun.I doubt that Marc is here. The main clause must express personal opinions or feelings and have a different subject from the dependent clause. the infinitive is used.

He's happy that we are here. etc.ayons sois(swah ) soyons fasse fassions aille(eye ) allions aies ayez sois soyez fasses fassiez ailles alliez ait aient soit soient fasse fassent aille aillent vouloir pouvoir savoir pleuvoir veuille(vuhee ) voulions puisse(pweess ) puissions sache sachions veuilles vouliez puisses puissiez saches sachiez veuille veuillent puisse puissent sache sachent pleuve These verbs and conjunctions are followed by the subjunctive: Verbs Verbal Expressions Conjunctions douter il faut que avant que suggérer il vaut mieux que pour / afin que vouloir il est important que jusqu'à ce que proposer il se peut que à moins que avoir peur il est possible que bien que / quoique regretter il est temps que sans que craindre c'est dommage que en attendant que être content(e)/triste/désolé(e)/surpris(e). I want you to come with me. Est-ce que vous pensez qu'elle puisse le faire ? Do you think . penser/croire/trouver (negative and interrogative forms only) Je veux que tu viennes avec moi. Il est content que nous soyons là.

have to. She will be there until you leave. although the subjunctive may be used with these words in other Romance languages. jusqu'à ce que. and bien que / quoique use the subjunctive whether there is a change in subject or not. And when using avant before an infinitive. the construction is avant de + infinitive. 77.579 KB ] Falloir (to be necessary) and valoir (to be worth) are two very common impersonal verbs used in several phrases and situations. etc. Il faut pas le faire ! You must not do it! Il faut qu'il parte à 8h. It's not worth it. 78. that the subjunctive isnot used withespérer or il est probable.that she can do it? Il faut que je fasse la vaisselle. à moins que. I have to do the dishes.Adverbs [ mp3 . Finish the work before class ends. valoir mieux is used in translating "it's better. or a subject and the subjunctive mood.1. It can be followed directly by an infinitive. also. In addition to worth.02 MB ] bien well quelquefoissometimes mieux bettertoujours always mal badlyvite quickly peu little donc   . He must leave at 8. douter. You must stay at home today. It s better to laugh about it than cry. Their conjugations are: imperfect il fallait il valait present perfect il a fallu il a valu present il faut il vaut future il faudra il vaudra conditionalil faudrait il vaudrait Falloir can be translated as must. Falloir and Valoir [ mp3 . However. be required to." Ça ne vaut pas la peine. Note. Il vaut mieux en rire qu’en pleurer. The wordne is used after certain conjunctions (most notably avant queand à moins que) that take the subjunctive. but this does not make the phrase negative: Finissez le travail avant que la classe ne se termine. Il faut rester à la maison aujourd'hui. Elle sera là jusqu'à ce que vous partiez.

Adjectives ending in -ent or -ant take the endings -emment and -amment. If the masculine form ends in -e.therefore déjà alreadyencore yet bientôt soon quelque partsomewhere ici here maintenantnow là theretôt early dedans insidetard late dehors outsidepeut-être maybe souvent often jamais (n)ever d habitudeusually nulle part nowhere To form an adverb. Masculine Feminine Adverb naturel naturellenaturellement heureux heureuseheureusement lent lente lentement facile facile facilement probable probableprobablement intelligent intelligenteintelligemment brillant brillante brillamment récent récente récemment Note:Some adverbs such asactuellement (currently. perhaps) can be deceiving. now) and éventuellement (possibly. simply take the feminine form of an adjective and add -ment to the end. A Few Irregular Adverbs vrai vraiment gentil gentiment profondprofondément bref brièvement   . you just add the -ment to that.

Tools & Hobbies [ mp3 . sans doute. they are usually followed byque. With the passé composé. except with peut-être.56 MB ] tools les outils chisel le ciseau toolbox la boîte à outilsmeasuring tape le mètre hammer le marteau chainsaw la tronçonneuse screwdriver le tournevis file la lime nail le clou do-it-yourself le bricolage screw la vis handicrafts l artisanat wrench la clé embroidery la broderie adjustable wrenchla clé à molette cross-stitch le point de croix bolt le boulon needlework la couture nut l écrou (m) needle l aiguille (f) pliers les pinces (f) thread le fil saw la scie painting peindre blade la lame       . Adverbs of opinion and time usually go at the beginning or end of the sentence. and probablement. Whenpeut-être and sans doute begin a sentence or clause. 79. pas precedes the adverb.1. sûrement. Adverbs of time and place generally follow the past participle.précis précisément Note:Adverbs are placed right after the verb in a simple tense. In negative sentences. most adverbs are placedbetwe en the auxiliary verb and past participle.

to tan faire la grasse matinée . The following are some common words that you may be deceived by: Abus is used to mean excess or overindulgence.to go out for a while prendre un bain de soleil . Actueland actuellementmean current and currently. Disposer means to arrange or to have available. False Cognates [ mp3 . and usually not abuse. not an advertisement.to sleep in late faire la sieste .     . not furniture. Fournitures refers tosupp lies. not a receipt.to take a break faire une promenade .313 KB ] Les faux-amis or false cognates are a common pitfall among language students. Une injure is an insult.to sunbathe prendre un verre . Avertissement is awarn ing.jewelry makingfaire des bijoux handle le manche gardening le jardinage anvil l enclume (f) knitting le tricot clamp / vise l étau (m) photography la photographie shovel la pelle woodworking la menuiserie pick axe la pioche pottery la poterie drill la perceuse drawing le dessin drill bit la mèche cooking la cuisine Other expressions related to hobbies/leisure time: bavarder .to chat bronzer . Une recette is arecipe.to relax se reposer . not an injury.to take a nap faire une pause . Originalmeans new or innovative. not to dispose of.to take a walk faire un tour .to go out for a drink se détendre .to rest 80.

Déjeuner du matin Jacques Prévert Il a Dans Il a Dans Il a Dans mis le café la tasse mis le lait la tasse de café mis le sucre le café au lait Breakfast Jacques Prévert He In He In He In put the put the put the the coffee cup the milk cup of coffee the sugar café au lait Avec la petite cuiller Il a tourné Il a bu le café au lait Et il a reposé la tasse Sans me parler Il a allumé Une cigarette Il a fait des ronds Avec la fumée Il a mis les cendres Dans le cendrier Sans me parler Sans me regarder Il s est levé Il a mis Son chapeau sur sa tête Il a mis Son manteau de pluie Parce qu il pleuvait Et il est parti Sous la pluie Sans une parole Et moi j ai pris Ma tête dans ma main Et j ai pleuré. not humor.Humeur meansm ood. Formel is used to meanstrict. not formal. With the coffee spoon He stirred He drank the café au lait And he set down the cup Without a word to me He lit A cigarette He made smoke-rings With the smoke         .

I took My head in my hand And I cried.36 B] Some verbs require à or de before an infinitive: Verb + à + infinitive Verb + de + infinitive aider à to help accepter de to accept conseiller de to advise s amuser à to have fun arrêter de to stop convenir de to agree upon apprendre àto learn avoir envie deto feel like craindre de to fear arriver à to manage avoir honte deto be ashamed désespérer de to despair chercher à to look for avoir peur deto be afraid dissuader de to dissuade commencer àto begin avoir raison de to be rightentreprendre de to undertake consister à to consist avoir tort deto be wrong envisager de to contemplate continuer à   .He put the ashes In the ashtray Without a word to me Without a look at me He got up He put His hat upon his head He put his raincoat on Because it was raining And he left In the rain Without a word And I.1.55 MB][ mp3 part 2 . Translated by Lawrence Ferlinghetti. fromParoles by Prévert reçoisruh-swah recevezruh-suh-vay reçoitruh-swah reçoiventruh-swahv The past participle of recevoir isreçu.2. Verbs followed by à or de before infinitives or nouns [ mp3 part 1 . 90.

to continue choisir de to choose s étonner de to astonish donner à to give décider de to decide se garder de to keep oneself encourager àto encourage défendre deto forbid négliger de to neglect enseigner à to teach demander deto ask persuader de to persuade s exercer à to practice/learnse dépêcher de to hurry upprier de to beg s habituer à to get used to dire de to say recommander deto recommend hésiter à to hesitate empêcher deto prevent reprocher de to reproach insister à to insist essayer de to try inviter à to invite être heureux de to be happy renoncer à to give up être obligé deto be required réussir à to succeed éviter de to avoid songer à to consider s excuser deto apologize s appliquer àto apply to finir de to finish s attacher à to become attached             .

I just ate.interdire de to forbid se décider àto decide menacer de to threaten s employer àto use oublier de to forget inciter à to incite permettre deto permit s obstiner à to insist promettre deto promise parvenir à to succeed refuser de to refuse persister à to persist in regretter de to regret pousser à to push remercier deto thank provoquer àto provoke rêver de to dream se risquer àto risk risquer de to risk veiller à to look after venir de to have just viser à to aim cesser de to stop Venir de + infinitive means "to have just" + past participle in English. Some verbs require à or de before nouns: Verb + à + noun Verb + de + noun aller à to suit s apercevoir de to notice assister à to attend s approcher de to approach demander à to ask (someone) avoir besoin de to need dire à to tell (someone) changer de to change         . Je viens de manger.

convenir à to suit dépendre de to depend on jouer à to play (sport/game) douter de to doubt nuire à to harm hériter de to inherit obéir à to obey jouer de to play (instrument) penser à to think of jouir de to enjoy plaire à to please manquer de to lack renoncer à to give up se méfier de to distrust répondre à to answer penser de to think/have an opinion about resister à to resist remercier de to thank for ressembler à to resemble rire de to laugh at songer à to consider se servir de to use survivre à to survive se souvenir de to remember téléphoner à to phone vivre de to live on And some verbs require no prepositions in French. while others use different prepositions from English: No prepositions in French Different prepositions from English approuverto approve of .

1. 91.32 MB] Adjective + à + infinitive Adjective + de + infinitive accessible à accessible accusé de accused agréable à pleasant assuré de assure/insured amusant à fun capable de capable antérieur à previous/earlier certain de certain attaché à attached chargé de charged/loaded conforme à standard connu de known contraire à contrary conscient deconscious . You remind me of my father.entrer dans to enter attendre to wait for consister en to consist of chercherto look for se fâcher contre to get angry with demanderto ask for écouter to listen to espérer to hope for payer to pay for rappeler to remind of regarder to look at sentir to smell of/like viser to aim at Tu me rappelle mon père. Adjectives followed by à or de before infinitives [ mp3 . It smells like rain. Ça sent la pluie.

dernier à last content de content/satisfied ennuyeux à boring dénudé de naked/bare étranger à foreign désireux de desirous exposé à exposed désolé de sorry favorable à favorable différent de different inférieur à inferior/lower digne de fit/worthy intéressant à interesting exempt de exempt léger à light furieux de furious lent à slow heureux de happy lourd à heavy honteux de ashamed opposé à opposite impatient deimpatient pénible à difficult plein de full premier à first privé de private prêt à ready proche de close/near rapide à fast rempli de full semblable à .

318 KB ] Suivre-to follow(sweev-ruh) suisswee suivonsswee-vohn suisswee suivezswee-vay suitswee suiventsweev The past participle of suivre issuivi. Illeur a fait apprendre les verbes. Il peint son appartement. the past participle remains invariable." Je répare la voiture. He s going to break his neck. The baby is eating. When replacing the object with a pronoun.I m taking a math class. Évitez de vous faire piquer. Get treated/looked after without getting arrested. She s feeding the baby.533 KB ] Faire + an infinitive is called the faire causative. Jela fais réparer. Indirect discourse relates                   . Se faire soignersans se faire arrêter. Tu vas te faire tuer.Follow the instructions. the pronoun precedes faire.Sui vre can also be used with school subjects to mean "to take a course. I m having it fixed. It translates to "have something done by someone or cause something to be done by someone. using quotation marks and the original wording. Avoid getting stung. I m fixing the car." Suivez le guide !Follow the guide! Suivez les instructions. Je suis un cours de maths. Il va se faire casser la gueule. 94. 93." or "to cause someone to do something. He had them learn the verbs. And in past tenses. You re going to get yourself killed. Faire Causative[ mp3 . Ellefait manger le bébé. To Follow[ mp3 .similar soucieux deworried seul à only sûr de sure supérieur à superior/higher triste de sad terrible à terrible vide de empty utile à useful 92. He s having his apartment painted. Direct and Indirect Discourse[ mp3 . Se faire + infinitive is usually translated as "to get" + (oneself) + verb. Jefais réparer la voiture.594 KB ] Direct discourse relates exactly what someone has said or written. Illes leur a fait apprendre. He s painting his apartment. Ilfait peindre son appartement. I m having the car fixed. He had them learn them. Le bébé mange.

>> Il me dit qu il part en vacances et que sa famille a loué une villa. qu est-ce qui ce quiIls m ont demandé ce qui s était passé. the following tense changes occur: Present---> Imperfect Passé Composé--> Pluperfect The Imperfect and Pluperfect do not change.>> Il m a dit qu il partait en vacances et que sa famille avait loué une villa. = interrogative word + declarative sentence Il m a demandé à quelle heure j allais revenir. Main verb in past Il m a dit: <<Je pars en vacances et ma famille a loué une villa.700 KB ] computer l ordinateur scanner le scanner disk la disquette laptop le portable document le document internet l internet CD-ROM le cédérom internet user l internaute monitor l écran online en-ligne                                         . 95. Yes/no questions =si + declarative sentence Je t ai demandé si tu avais faim. Elle m a demandé qui j avais vu. Remember to use que to introduce each dependent clause. Note that if the main verb is in the present tense. what someone has said or written. quand. and adjust personal pronouns and possessive adjectives. 2. It works the same way in French as it does in English. Direct Discourse Indirect Discourse Main verb is presentIl medit: <<Je pars en vacances et ma famille a loué une villa. Computers and Internet[ mp3 . no tense changes occur when using indirect discourse. qu est-ce quece queElles m ont demandé ce que j avais dit. etc. In questions. 3. Où. the following (rather uncomplicated) changes occur: 1. However. Interrogative pronouns are a little trickier: qui est-ce qui qui est-ce que qui Il m a demandé qui était resté.indirectly. if the main verb is in a past tense. without quotation marks. comment.

keyboard le clavier link le lien mouse la souris bookmark le signet printer l imprimante e-mail le courriel / le mail memo la note de service password le mot de passe fax machine le télécopieur search engine le moteur de recherche photocopier la photocopieuse chat room la salle de tchatche typewriter la machine à écrire bulletin board le forum software le logiciel homepage la page d accueil file le dossier website le site cabinet le placard web browswer le navigateur memory cardla carte mémoire cable le câble USB key la clé USB DSL l ADSL external HD le disque dur externe sign on / off se connecter / déconnecter attachment la pièce jointe scroll up / down dérouler le texte attach joindre download télécharger French usesportable to refer to a laptop computer and a cell       .

would I be happier? Quand nous étions(i mperfect) en vacances.533 KB ] Sometimes ne must be inserted in a phrase even when it is not expressing the negative. 96. However. craindre que. Il craint que tu ne sois fatigué après le voyage. Nous sommes plus forts qu elle ne pense. moins. à moins que.21 MB ] The present conditional tense corresponds to "would. You may have noticed that the future and conditional forms forje seem to be pronounced the same. it is difficult to understand the differences in spoken French and most people pronounce them the same anyway. autre. written language: cesser. 97. de peur que. We are stronger than she thinks.When we were on vacation. 2) after expressions and verbs of fear: de crainte que. I don t doubt that you are making progress. -ais -ions -ais -iez -ait -aient Also. do not confuse the use ofne explétif with the verbs that can exist in the negative with only usingne andnotpas in formal. the future ending is pronounced ay and the conditional like eh. savoir). nous dormions (imperfect) jusqu à midi. The past conditional is formed by using the conditional of avoir or être and a past participle. To form the conditional. However. (However. pouvoir. do not confuse the conditionalwould with thewo uld that expresses a repeated action in the past. Ne Explétif [ mp3 . Si j étais(imperfect) dans une autre famille. you use the same irregular stems and exceptions for the conditional that are used for the future tense. 3) before a verb that follows a comparison of inequality: plus. we would (used to) sleep until noon. then the imperfect tense is used. It is used 1) after certain conunctions: avant que. Actually. and 4) after adverbs of doubt and negation used in the negative to express a positive idea. daigner. trembler que. Ifwo uld means used to. redouter que. empêcher que. est-ce que je serais(cond itional) plus heureuse ?If I were in another family. Most conditionals sentences begin withsi (if). He s afraid that you ll be tired after the trip. Je ne doute pas que vous ne fassiez des progrès. A foreign hostage (probably) died on the way to the hospital.phone. Conditional Tenses: Present and Past[ mp3 . I ll go out this evening unless it rains.                   . But remember to drop the -e on -re verbs. oser. avoir peur que. Je sors ce soir à moins qu il ne pleuve.1. It corresponds to "would have" and is used in hypothetical sentences. Un otage étranger serait mort en route pour l hôpital. éviter que. use the infinitive and add the imperfect endings. Another use of the conditional is in news reports to indicate that the information is not confirmed." It is used after the imperfect in a conditional sentence.

you use the past conditional of the verb.If I m tired. used to). You shouldn t say that. Again. such as je dirais . I will rest.. It is possible to have past conditional with the imperfect. 2. or future Si je suis fatiguée. Should In general. Si je suis fatigué demain. Il pourrait m aider. Tu ne devrais pas dire ça.If I am tired tomorrow. I would have understood. You can also use the conditional of pouvoir to meancou ld. Translating Would. je me repose. I would buy a castle. je me reposerai.Si + present tense + present. Just remember that would and would have are not followed by infinitives in French. could haveand should have. the verb tenses change. and it is also possible to have present conditional with pluperfect. you can never have the future or conditional tenses directly following si..I would say. However. would conditional of verb il dirait he would say could conditional of pouvoir + infinitive il pourrait dire he could say should conditional of devoir + infinitive il devrait dire he should say would have                           . sentences When si (if) is used in sentences of condition. Elle ne pouvait pas s arrêter de rire. respectively. make sure to use the imperfect of the verb if you re referring to repeated actions in the past (i. 3.Si + imperfect + present conditional Si j étais riche. 1. j aurais compris. je pourrais acheter un château.Si + pluperfect + past conditional Si j avais su. Repose-toi si tu es fatigué. He could help me.e.He would become king if he had more courage. Otherwise. Rest if you re tired.If I were rich. They must be in the other clause. past conditional of pouvoir + infinitive. you use the conditional tense of a verb to express would + infinitive.Il n aurait jamais dit ça !He would have neversaid that ! If.e.If I had known. you use the imperfect or passé composé to mean could if you re referring to the past of can (i. as long as the meaning is something that is yet to happen. was/were not able to). For would have. She couldn t stop laughing. I rest. and past conditional of devoir + infinitive. These pretty much correspond to English usage. Could. imperative. Should is usually translated by using the conditional of devoir. Il deviendrait roi s il avait plus de courage.

98.27 MB ] horn le klaxon directional signalle clignotant hood le capot license plate la plaque d immatriculation brake le frein brake light (on car) le stop steering wheel le volant car la voiture windshield wipers les essuie-glaces window la vitre dashboard le tableau de bord door la portière accelerator l accélérateur gas tank le réservoir headlights les phares wheel la roue windshield le pare-brise tire le pneu motor le moteur bumper le pare-chocs trunk le coffre fender l aile body (of car)           .1. Parts of a Car / At the Gas Station[ mp3 .past conditional of verb il aurait dit he would have said could have past conditional of pouvoir + infinitive il aurait pu dire he could have said should have past conditional of devoir + infinitive il aurait dû dire he should have said "You shouldn t have" or "that wasn t necessary" when someone gives you a gift is il ne fallait pas.

22 MB ] suitcase la valise vah-leez clothes les vêtements vet-mawn passport le passeport pahss-por diary le journal zhoor-nal traveler s checks les chèques de voyage             . 100.la carrosserie door handle la poignée de portière driver s license le permis de conduire air conditioning la climatisation gasoline l essence heater le chauffage traffic lights les feux battery la batterie oil l huile gas cap le bouchon de réservoir d essence hubcap l enjoliveur gas pump la pompe à essence air hose la pompe à air The most common types of cars in France are Peugeot.to construct. Other verbs conjugated like conduire are:traduire . Travelling / At the Airport[ mp3 . Renault. The driving age in France is 18.1.to produce.312 KB ] Conduire-to drive(kohn-dweer) conduiskohn-dwee conduisonskohn-dwee-zohn conduiskohn-dwee conduisezkohn-dwee-zay conduitkohn-dwee conduisentkohn-dweez The past participle of conduire iscond uit. 99. Clio. and young drivers who have just gotten their licenses have a red A sticker on their car.to translate. To Drive[ mp3 . and Fiat. Automatic cars in Europe are generally reserved for handicapped people.produire . andconstruire . and the majority are manual drive.

.. Où est is the singular form       ...zheck duh voy-ahzh dictionary le dictionnaire deek-see-ohn-nair flight le vol vohl baggage les bagages bah-gazh Euro l euro uh-roh bill le billet bee-yay coin la pièce pee-ess change la monnaie moh-nay cent le centime sawn-teem arrival l arrivée lah-ree-vay departure le départ luh day-pahr Where is/are... oo ay/sohnt currency exchangele bureau de change bur-oh duh shahnzh passport check le contrôle des passeportscon-trol duh pahss-por customs la douane doo-awn entrance l entrée lawn-tray lost and found les objets trouvés lay zob-zhay troo-vay information les renseignements rawn-sain-yuh-mawn exit la sortie sore-tee taxi stand les taxis tahks-ee restroom les toilettes twah-lett Note:When asking Where is/are. Où est / Où sont..

Where is the entrance? would be Où est l entrée ? and Where is the lost and found? would be Où sont les objets trouvés ? Directional Words right there juste là zhoost lah across fromen face deawn fawz duh here ici ee-see between entre awn-truh over there là-bas lah bah next to à côté de ah koh-tay duh to the right of à droite de ah dwaht duhnear près de preh duh to the left of à gauche deah gohsh duhfar (from) loin de lwahn duh straight aheadtout droit too dwah at the end ofau fond deoh fohn duh in front of devant duh-vawn at the top ofen haut deawn oh duh behind derrière dare-ee-air 101.736 KB ] camping le camping axe la hache shelter l abri (m) stump la souche tent la tente canteen le bidon spike la sardine hammockle hamac sleeping bagle sac de couchage backpackle sac à dos flashlight la lampe torche       . even if it s singular in English. Camping [ mp3 .and Où sont is the plural form.

must have Il a dû partir. You should eat fruits. I must (have to) study.She was supposed to sing tonight. Imperfect was supposed to. Future will have to Tudevras payer l argent.430 KB ] Devoir is one of the trickiest verbs to translate and use in French. The following is a list of the different meanings of devoir used in various tenses.     . You will have to pay money. Past Conditionalshould have Ils auraient dû jouer. have to probably Jedois étudier. Ildoit être malade. Present Tensemust. He s probably sick. Passé Composéhad to (and did). Conditional should Vousdevriez manger les fruits. He had to leave. Special Uses of Devoir[ mp3 .path le chemin / le sentier lantern la lanterne bench le banc torch le flambeau rock le rocher compass la boussole stone la pierre map la carte pebble le caillou binoculars les jumelles (f) canoe le canoë campfire le feu de camp oar la pagaie 102. used to have to Elledevait chanter ce soir.

you can also express I am supposed to with Je suis censé + infinitive. use vous n’êtes pas obligé de instead of vous ne devez pasor il ne faut pas.997 KB ] thbrush la brosse à dents hair spray la laque blush le blush thpaste le dentifrice hair dryer le sèche-cheveux foundation le fond de teint tal floss le fil dentaire nail polish le vernis à ongles eye liner l eye liner r brush la brosse mascara le mascara eye shadow l ombre à paupières b le peigne lipstick le rouge à lèvres bubble bath le bain moussant mpoo le shampooing powder la poudre shower gel le gel douche ling iron le fer à friser soap le savon deodorant le déodorant ving cream la crème à raser makeup le maquillage lotion la lotion / la crème or le rasoir perfume le parfum pads les serviettes hygiéniques       .They should have played. 103. Cosmetics / Toiletries[ mp3 . To express you don t have to instead of you must not. In the present tense.

1.usse la mousse cologne l eau de Cologne tampons les tampons 104. Medicine and Hospital [ mp3 .18 MB ] AIDS le sida food poisoningl intoxication alimentaire (f) ambulancel ambulance (f) hospital l hôpital (m) anestheticl anésthésie (f) infection l infection (f) antidote l antidote intensive carela réanimation bandage le bandage medecine la médecine band-aid le pansement medication le médicament cancer le cancer nurse l infirmier (m) cane la canne pills les cachets (m) capsule la capsule pneumonia la pneumonie cast le plâtre poison le poison chicken poxla varicelle sling l écharpe (f) cold le rhume stethoscope le stéthoscope crutches les béquilles (f) stretcher la civière cure le remède surgeon le chirurgien diabetes le diabète                   .

surgery la chirurgie diagnosis le diagnostic syringe la seringue disease la maladie tablet le comprimé doctor le médecin tumor la tumeur first aid kitla trousse de secours wheelchair le fauteuil roulant flu la grippe X-ray la radio 105. Present Participle[ mp3 - 163 KB ] Present participles can be used as adjectives, as verbs, or like a qui clause. When an adjective, it agrees with the noun it modifies. When it functions as a verb, it is invariable. Preceded byen, (equivalent to while, by, upon or in), it corresponds to the English -ing gerund form. Used withouten, the present participle can act like a qui clause. To form this participle, drops the -ons ending of the nous form in the present tense and add -ant. (There are only three irregular present participles: ayant, étant, sachant having, being, knowing.) Je me suis cassé le poignet en tombant. I broke my wrist by falling. C est en forgeant que l on devient forgeron. Practice makes perfect. Ce restaurant ne propose pas d eau pétillante. This restaurant doesn t serve sparkling water. 106. Abbreviations[ mp3 - 1.07 MB ] In everyday speech, it is common to shorten some words: advertisement la publicité la pub afternoon l après-midi l aprèm apartment l appartement l apparte car l automobile l auto cinema le cinéma le ciné college la faculté la fac demonstration la manifestationle manif

 

 

 

             

dictionary le dictionnaire le dico drink before dinner l apéritif l apéro extraordinary extraordinaire extra friendly sympathique sympa have a good meal bon appétit bon app intellectual intellectuel intello laboratory le laboratoire le labo microphone le microphone le micro owner le propriétaire le proprio photography la photographiela photo raincoat l imperméable l imper slide la diapositive la diapo soccer le football le foot television la télévision la télé terrific sensationnel sensas usually d habitude d hab 107. Past Infinitive[ mp3 - 533 KB ] The past infinitive is used to express something that has already happened. Verbs such as s excuser, regretter, and remercier are often used in this tense. It is formed with the infinitive of the auxiliary verb (avoir or être) and the past participle of the main verb. And the past participle can have agreement as well, with either the subject or the object, depending on the sentence. Whenever après is followed by a verb, it is always a past infinitive. And note that negative expressions precede an infinitive. Je vous remercie d être venus. I thank you for coming (or having come.) Excusez-moi d être arrivé(e) en retard. Excuse me for arriving (or having arrived) late.

 

 

 

 

         

Après avoir fini mes études, je veux devenir professeur. After finishing (or having finished) my studies, I want to become a teacher. Elle regrette de ne pas avoir posé de questions. She regrets not asking (or having asked) any questions. 108. In the Ocean[ mp3 - 845 KB ] barnacle la bernacle crab le crabe bubble la bulle fish hook le hameçon wet suit la combinaison de plongéemask le masque fishing linela ligne de pêche scuba diver le plongeur sous-marin jellyfish la méduse sand le sable flipper la palme treasure chestle trésor clam la palourde snorkel le tuba wave la vague shipwreck l épave anchor l ancre seaweed les algues oxygen tankle ballon d oxygène starfish l étoile de mer seashell le coquillage sea horse l hippocampe coral le corail sea urchin l oursin helm la barre 109. To Die[ mp3 - 233 KB ] Mourir-to die(moo-reer) meursmuhr mouronsmoo-rohn meursmuhr mourezmoo-ray

 

         

Je meurs de faim ! I m dying of hunger / I m starving! 110. You will most likely use this verb in the past tense.1. In Space[ mp3 .01 MB ] alien l extra-terrestre (m) nebula la nébuleuse asteroid l astéroïde (m) planet la planète astronaut l astronaute (m) rings les anneaux beaker le gobelet robot le robot / l automate comet la comète rocket la fusée interplanétaire constellation la constellation satellite le satellite control panel le tableau de bord solar panelle panneau solaire crater le cratère solar systemle système solaire Earth la terre space shuttlela navette spatiale galaxy la galaxie space stationla station spatiale laboratory le laboratoire space suit le scaphandre de cosmonaute landing capsulela capsule d atterrissage spaceship la soucoupe volante lunar rover la jeep lunaire star l étoile (f) meteor showerla pluie de météores sun le soleil moon la lune test tube                 .meurtmuhr meurentmuhr The past participle is: mort / morte and it is conjugated with être. but it is used in some present tense sayings.

You most likely will never need to form this tense.71 MB ] The simple past tense is used in works of literature in place of the passé composé and is very rarely spoken. In this case. and then add endings for the simple past. That s my apple. the six endings are -s.l éprouvette (f) 111. Here s yours. Fem. -s. They like their car. We like ours. 112. Masc. Voilà la tienne. Nous aimons la nôtre. They agree in gender and number with noun they replace as well. He has his bag. Singular Plural Masc. avoir croire lire dire dormir devoir recevoir vivre eu s eûme             . Elle a le sien. Il a son sac. Possessive Pronouns[ mp3 . -^mes. Fem. She has hers. mine le mien la mienne les miens les miennes yours le tien la tienne les tiens les tiennes his/hers/itsle sien la sienne les siens les siennes ours le nôtre la nôtre les nôtres les nôtres yours le vôtre la vôtre les vôtres les vôtres theirs le leur la leur les leurs les leurs C est ma pomme. -rent. Simple Past Tense[ mp3 . Add the following endings to the stem: -er -ir / -re -ai -âmes -is -îmes -as -âtes -is -îtes -a -èrent -it -irent Irregular verbs that follow a pattern: Some verbs use their past participle as a stem. not yours! Ils aiment leur voiture.3. pas le tien ! That s mine. C est le mien.846 KB ] Possessive pronouns replace nouns used with possessive adjectives. but you should be able to recognize it for reading purposes. -^tes. -t.

crus crûme s lus lûmes disdîme s dormi s dormîm es du s dûme reçu s reçûm es vécu vécûm es s s s eu s eûte s crus crûtes lus lûtes dis dîtesdormi s dormîte s du s dûte s reçu s reçûte s vécu s vécûte s euteure nt crutcruren t lut lurent ditdiren t dormi t dormire nt du t dure nt reçu t reçure nt vécut .

vécure nt prendre sortir vouloir mettre connaître savoir pouvoir pris prîm es sorti s sortîm es voul us voulûm es mi s mîmes conn us connûm es su s sûme s pus pûmes pris prîte s sorti s sortîte s voul us voulûte s mi s mîte s conn us connûte s su s sûte s pus pûtes pritprire nt sorti t .

so you should memorize these forms. être faire écrire venir voir conduire fus fûmes fis fîmesécrivi s écrivîm es vins vînmes vis vîmesconduis is conduisîm es fus fûtes fis fîtes écrivi s écrivîte s vins vîntes vis vîtesconduis is conduisîte s fut furent fit firentécrivi t écrivire nt vint vinrent vit virentconduis it conduisire nt mourir naître ouvrir .sortire nt voul ut voulure nt mi t mire nt conn ut connur ent sutsure nt put purent Other verbs do not use their past participles as stems (but they still take the same endings).

craindre battre mouru s mourûm es naqui s naquîm es ouvri s ouvrîm es craign is craignîm es batti s battîm es mouru s mourûte s naqui s naquîte s ouvri s ouvrîtescraign is craignîte s batti s battîte s mouru t mourure nt naqui t naquire nt ouvri t ouvrire nt craign it craignire nt batti t battire nt .

81 MB ] archer l archer (m) fairy la fée moat les douves (f) armor l armure fantasy la fantasie monster le monstre arrow la flèche fork la fourche mummy la momie ax la hache genie le génie pillory le pilori bow l arc (m) ghost le fantôme pirate le pirate cackle ricaner giant le géant prince le prince castle le château grave la tombe princess la princesse cauldron le chaudron haunted la maison queen la reine house hantée caveman l homme des cavernes (m) headstone la pierre tombale scarecrowl épouvantail (m) cemetery           .1.113. Make-Believe / Fantasy[ mp3 .

le cimetière hobgoblin le lutin shield le bouclier coffin le cercueil humpback le bossu spear la lance crown la couronne jester le fou squire l écuyer (m) demon le démon king le roi sword l épée (f) devil le diable knight le chevalier throne le trône dragon le dragon lamp la lampe tower la tour drawbridgele pont-levis lance la lance troubadourle troubadour dungeon le donjon magic wandla baguette magique unicorn la licorne dwarf le nain mermaid la sirène witch la sorcière elf le lutin minstrel le ménestrel wizard le sorcier executionerle bourreau moan gémir     .

1. Religion [ mp3 .zombie le mort vivant 114.64 MB ] altar l autel (m) Judaism le judaïsme angel l ange (m) mass la messe baptism le baptême minaret le minaret bell la cloche monastery le monastère Bible la Bible mosque la mosquée bishop l évêque (m) munk le moine bliss la béatitude Muslim le musulman Buddhism le bouddhisme nun la religieuse / bonne sœur candle le cierge organ l orgue (m) cathedral la cathédrale pillar le pilier choir la chorale Pope le pape Christian le chrétien prayer la prière Christianity le chrétienté priest le prêtre church l église prophet le prophète convent           .

Music and Art [ mp3 .93 MB ] accordion l accordéon (m) xylophonele xylophone bagpipe la cornemuse acteur l acteur band la bande actress l actrice bass clef               .1.le couvent Protestant le protestant cross la croix religion la religion dome la coupole reverend le curé faith la foi rosary le chapelet fast le jeûne saint le saint God le Dieu sermon le sermon gold ring l auréole (f) sin le pêché Gospel l Evangile (m) suffering la souffrance heaven le ciel / le paradis temple le temple hell l enfer (m) torture le supplice Islam l islam (m) vow le vœu Jew le juif / la juive worship/service le culte 115.

la clef de fa applaud les applaudissements (m) conductor le chef d orchestreart l art (m) conductor s stickle bâton audiencele public drum le tambour boo la huée (f) drumstick la baguette bust le buste flute la flûte canvas la toile French horn le cor d harmonie director le metteur en scène guitar la guitare easel le chevalet guitar strings les cordes (f) film le film harp la harpe (f) film bob la bobine horns les cors (m) frame le cadre keyboard le synthétiseur light le projecteur music la musique mask le masque music stand le pupitre à musiquemodel le modèle orchestra l orchestre (m) museumle musée piano le piano paint la peinture piano keys les touches (f)

   

 

   

paintbrushle pinceau saxophone le saxophone painter le peintre sheet music la partition painting le tableau tambourine le tambourin pallette la palette treble clef la clef de sol pedastelle piédestal trombone le trombone projectorle projecteur trumpet la trompette screen l écran (m) tuba le tuba sculptor le sculpteur tuning fork le diapason stage la scène viola le violoncelle star la vedette, la star violin le violon statue la statue violin bow l archet (m) tickets les billets (m) 116.Ac quérir - to acquire andrésoudre - to resolve [ mp3 - 451 KB] acquérir - to acquire résoudre - to resolve acquiers acquérons résous résolvons acquiers acquérez résous résolvez acquiert acquièrent résout résolvent The past participles areacquis andrésolu, and both verbs are conjugated with avoir. 117. Imperfect and Past Subjunctive [ mp3 - 708 KB ] The subjunctive in past tenses is not used very often in French in everyday speech, but grammatically, it should be used if the verb in the main clause is in the past tense. The imperfect subjunctive is formed from the simple past, while the the past and pluperfect

   

subjunctive forms are composed of two elements: the present subjunctive of avoir or être + past participle for the past subjunctive and the imperfect subjunctive of the avoir or être + past participle for the pluperfect subjunctive. Use the il/elle form of the simple past to form the imperfect subjunctive endings. Sometimes, the only difference between the il/elle forms of the simple past and the imperfect subjunctive is the circumflex for the imperfect subjunctive. avoir être couper finir lire tenir Use the simple past to form the stems il eut il fut il coupa il finit il lut il tint Imperfect Subjunctive eusse fusse coupasse finisse lusse tinsse eusses fusses coupasses finisses lusses tinsses eût fût coupât finît lût tînt eussions fussions coupassions finissions lussions tinssions eussiez fussiez coupassiez finissiez lussiez tinssiez eussent fussent coupassent finissent lussent tinssent 118. Translating Phrasal Verbs: English to French Most English phrasal verbs translate as one verb without any prepositions or adverbs in French. Make sure to pay attention to the correct meaning of the phrasal verb in English, however, before deciding on the correct French translation. add up additionner make up inventer / se réconcilier back up soutenir / sauvegarder make up forcompenser / rattraper beat up tabasser mess around faire l imbécile / s amuser / toucher à

 

 

bend downse baisser mess up mettre en désordre / gâcher / bâcler bend overse pencher miss out omettre / sauter blow out souffler miss out onlaisser passer / louper blow up gonfler / sauter / faire sautermix up confondre / embrouiller / mélanger break downtomber en panne / enfoncer mouth off se vanter / parler à tort et à travers break in entrer par effraction move forward avancer break up rompre / se terminer move in emménager breathe ininspirer move off se mettre en route breathe outexpirer move out déménager brighten ups éclaircir / se dégager move overse pousser bring backrapporter / ramener muddle upmélanger / embrouiller bring up élever / soulever note downnoter bump intorentrer dans / renconter par hasard own up avouer burst into éclater / fondre (en larmes) part with se séparer de call back rappeler pass for se faire passer pour call off annuler pass on transmettre call on rendre visite à pass out s évanouir / distribuer call roundpasser pay back rembourser     .

calm downse calmer pay for payer care aboutse soucier de peel off détacher care for s occuper de / aimer phone backrappeler carry on continuer pick on s en prendre à / harceler catch up rattraper pick up ramasser / chercher / apprendre / draguer chase aftercourir après pile up s entasser / s empiler / s accumuler chase awaychasser plug in brancher check in se présenter à l enregistrement / la réceptionpoint out montrer / faire remarquer check outrégler sa note / regarder pop in passer check overvérifier / examiner pull aheadprendre la tête cheer up remonter le moral à / retrouver le moral pull downdémolir / baisser chop downabattre pull in s arrêter clean up nettoyer pull out arracher / retirer clear off dégager / filer pull over se ranger / se garer sur la côté clear out vider pull throughs en sortir clear up ranger / s éclaircir pull together faire un effort climb downdescendre pull up remonter / s arrêter climb overpasser par-dessus

 

 

 

 

 

         

pump up gonfler climb up monter push in resquiller cloud overse couvrir / s assombrir put away ranger come venir / reprendre put back remettre around connaissance come backrevenir put down poser come downdescendre / baisser put off remettre à plus tard / dissuader / dégoûter / déranger / éteindre come in entrer put on mettre / allumer / prendre / monter / faire marcher come off se détacher put out éteindre / tendre / sortir / déranger come out sortir / partir put togethermonter come overvenir put up ériger / monter / mettre / augmenter / héberger come to reprendre connaissance put up withsupporter come up monter / soulever / être soulevé reach out tendre la main come up toarriver à / s approcher de read out lire à haute voix come up with proposer / suggérer read up onparcourir / lire en entier cool downrefroidir / refraîchir rely on compter sur cross off rayer ring back rappeler

 

 

cross out barrer ring up appeler / téléphoner à cross overtraverser roll up rouler / retrousser cry out pousser un cri rub out effacer cut off couper rule out exclure cut out découper run away s enfuir deal with s occuper de / traiter de run out s épuiser dig up déterrer run over renverser / écraser do away with se débarasser / supprimer save up mettre de l argent de côté do up fermer / attacher / boutonner / retaper scare awayfaire fuir / effrayer do withoutse passer de search forchercher dress up se déguiser / s habiller see off dire au revoir à drop by passer see to s occuper de drop off déposer / laisser send backrenvoyer end up finir / se retrouver send for appeler / faire venir face up tofaire face à send off expulser fall apart s effondrer set off partir / se mettre en route / faire

 

 

         

partir / faire exploser / déclencher fall down tomber set out partir / se mettre en route fall off tomber set up créer / installer / monter fall out tomber / se brouiller settle downse calmer / s installer fall over tomber / trébucher sur show off frimer fight backse défendre show up arriver figure out comprendre / calculer shut up se taire fill in remplir / boucher sit down s asseoir fill out remplir slave awaytrimer fill up remplir sleep in faire la grasse matinée find out se renseigner / découvrir sleep overpasser la nuit chez quelqu un finish off terminer / finir slip off filer / s éclipser flick off éteindre slow downralentir flick on allumer sort out ranger / régler / s occuper de flip throughfeuilleter speak outparler en faveur / défendre fly away s envoler speed up aller plus vite get away s échapper / partir / s en allerspin around tourner / se retourner get back rentrer / récuperer / reculer split up se séparer                 .

get down descendre spread outse disperser get in entrer / monter dans stand for vouloir dire / tolérer get off descendre (de) stand out ressortir get on monter dans / s entendre stand up se lever get out sortir / descendre stand up fordéfendre get up se lever start off/outpartir give in céder stay awayne pas s approcher give out distribuer stay in rester chez soi give up abandonner / arrêter stay out ne pas rentrer go away partir stay up ne pas se coucher go back retourner / rentrer step forward avancer go down descendre / baisser stick out dépasser / tirer go in entrer stretch outtendre / allonger / s allonger go off exploser / sonner / partir / tourner sum up résumer go on continuer / se passer swell up enfler / gonfler go out sortir / s éteindre switch off         .

éteindre / arrêter go under couler switch on allumer / mettre en marche go up monter / augmenter take after tenir de go withoutse passer de take apartdémonter grow up grandir take asideprendre à part hand in rendre take awayenlever / emporter / emmener hand out distribuer take backrapporter hand overremettre / céder take downdémonter / enlever / noter hang on attendre take off décoller / enlever hang out fréquenter / traîner take on embaucher / prendre hang up accrocher / suspendre / raccrocher take out sortir / retirer head for se diriger vers take over remplacer / prendre la relève hear fromavoir des nouvelles de take up se mettre à / prendre hear of entendre parler de talk throughexpliquer / prévenir heat up faire réchauffer / (faire) chauffer tear downdémolir help out venir en aide tear out arracher hold on attendre / s accrocher tear up déchirer hold out tendre tell off   .

gronder hold up lever / retarder / attaquer think aboutpenser à / penser de / réfléchir à hurry up se dépêcher think of penser de join in participer (à) throw awayjeter jump in sauter dedans / plonger throw out jeter / mettre à la porte keep out ne pas entrer dans throw up vomir keep up suivre / continuer tidy up ranger knock downrenverser tie up ficeler / attacher knock outassommer / éliminer tip off prévenir / avertir knock overrenverser tip over renverser / se renverser know aboutêtre au courant de / s y connaître en toss away/out jeter laugh at se moquer de track downretrouver lean over se pencher try on/out essayer leave asidelaisser de côté turn aroundse retourner / faire demi-tour / tourner (dans l autre sens) leave out oublier turn back faire demi-tour let down laisser tomber turn downrejeter / baisser let in faire entrer / laisser entrer turn into changer en / transformer en / se transformer en let off     .

ne pas punir / faire partir. tirerturn off éteindre lie down s allonger / se coucher turn on allumer lift off décoller turn over retourner / se retourner line up faire la queue turn up mettre plus fort / venir / arriver lock in enfermer wait for attendre lock out enfermer dehors wake up réveiller / se réveiller log in/on se connecter walk out partir look after s occuper de warm up réchauffer / faire réchauffer / se réchauffer / s échauffer look at regarder wash up faire la vaisselle (UK) / se laver (US) look downbaisser les yeux watch outfaire attention look down on regarder de haut wear out user / s user / épuiser look for chercher weigh downalourdir look forward toattendre avec impatience well up avoir les larmes aux yeux look out faire attention wind up se retrouver / se terminer / remonter look out forchercher / s occuper de wipe up essuyer look roundse retourner / regarder / visiter           .

....? get oneself + past participle se faire + infinitive may / might il se peut / pourrait que how come..... n avoir pas si tôt I hate/loathe/can t stand V-ing J ai horreur de + infinitivesee to it that veiller à ce que I miss + V-ing ça me manque de ne passo far jusqu à présent I was going to / I had                     .?may. Other Translation Difficulties: English to French be getting / going + adjective devenir + adjective let somebody know faire savoir do nothing but ne faire que let s just hope thatpourvu que forgive somebody for Ving excuser quelqu un de + infinitive let s V / how about we V? Et si on... however / no matter (much) avoir beau no matter peu importe I can t help V-ing Je ne peux pas m empêcher de + infinitiveno sooner..work out trouver / résoudre / calculer / comprendre / se passer / faire de l exercice look up lever les yeux / chercher wrap up emballer / envelopper / récapituler / se couvrir look up toadmirer write backrépondre make out déchiffrer / comprendre / prétendre write downnoter 119.. puisse.? comment se fait-il que.

. doesn t mean le simple fait que. keep on V-ing ne cesser pas de + infinitive                         . allongé I d rather that J aimerais mieux que + subjunctive What / How about + V-ing? Que dirais tu de + infinitive ? In order (not) to dans le but de (ne pas) + infinitive What if? et si? It s about time il serait grand temps whatever quel que soit it s no use / you needn til est inutile que whatever quoi que It s typical of him/her ça lui ressemble whenever chaque fois It s usual for il est d usage que wherever où que + subjunctive just because. debout.... ne veut pas dire Whether you like it or not Que ça te plaise ou non. lie être assis.planned to J avais prévu de The way + subject + verb La façon dont + subject + verb I wish (regret) Je regrette de ne pas There is no + Ving Il n y a pas de moyen de I wish + imperfect si seulement + imperfectThere/it happens to Il se trouve que I wish + past perfect J aurais aimé que + subjunctive to sit. stand.

Quebecois French Differences in vocabulary: Quebec France Quebec France l arrêt le stop achaler / gosser quelqu un embêter quelqu un un breuvage une boisson asteure à cette heure une broue une bière avoir les yeux dans la graisse de binnes avoir l air fatigué des bébelles des jouets bienvenu de rien un bécyque une bicyclette brailler piquer une crise des bidoux / du foin de l argent ça adonne bein ça tombe bien un bleuet une myrtille ça pas d allure ça n a aucun sens ma blonde ma petite amie ça pas de tes affaires ça ne te regarde pas une buanderie une blanchisseriecâlisser une volée donner une raclée une calotte une casquette c est dispendieux c est cher une cannebergeune airelle c est pas fort c est pas terrible un char une automobile                           .whoever quiconque let (permission) Que + subjunctive You just have to + infinitive Tu n as qu à + infinitive 120.

chauffer conduire un véhicule une chicane une dispute débarquer (d un char) descendre (d une voiture) le déjeuner le petit déjeuner embarquer (dans un char) monter (dans une voiture) un dépanneur un petit magasinêtre tanné en avoir marre le dîner le déjeuner faire dur avoir mauvaise mine la fin de semainele week-end faire la baboune bouder un frigidaire un réfrigérateur faire son épicerie faire ses courses la gang la bande d amis il mouille il pleut une guenille un chiffon jaser causer / bavarder la job le boulot magasiner se promener dans les magasins une joke une blague marquer inscrire / noter une lampe de poche une lampe-torchemaudit niaiseux ! espèce de crétin ! une laveuse une machine à laver minoucher caresser un melon d eauun pastèque pantoute pas du tout un minou un chat pogner attraper / tripoter / avoir du succès le nettoyeur         .

3. "tu es parti" is pronounced "tsu es partsi. toi? What s going on with you?                     . "Chu" is a contraction for"je suis": Chu fatigué. to come. to get. to take." For example. though wâ is more common: "moi" and "Québécois" are pronounced "moé" and "Québécoés" or "mwâ" and "Québécwâ. Quossé qui t pogne. An affrication of the consonants "t" and "d" before the vowels "u" and "i. "viens icitte" (ici)." 5. And the old pronunciation for the "oi" sound (as oé) is still used sometimes." 2. There is a reduction of the pronoun "il" to"y": Y est malade. to be stuck. chu en retard. etc. to be successful. Y a pas le temps.le pressing prendre une marche faire une promenade à pied une patente une chose présentement maintenant une piastre un dollar sacrer son camp ficher le camp un pitou un chien se câler (une pizza / un taxi)commander / appeler une sécheuse une machine à sécher tabernacle / tabarnak ! zut ! le souper le dîner tiguidou c est d accord la tabagie le tabac tu es fin tu es gentil une vadrouille une serpillière y a du monde à la messe il y a foule Differences in pronunciation: 1. A "t" sound still exists in the expressions: "il fait frette" (froid). as well as a reduction of "elle" to "a" ("elle a" becomes "aa"): Aa pas le temps. to get caught. Many people end their statements with: T sais ? (a reduction of: tu sais) 7. to grab. aa mal au dos. The verb pogner is a very popular word with several translations: to catch. "Tu" is often added after questions: Il en veut-tu ? Tu m écoutes-tu ? Je l ai-tu ? 6. "mon litte" (lit). 4.

she will arrive at 3 PM. [not give to eat] Elle l a connu en Italie. puncher.. My lower back hurts.. spinner. faire son show. [French VII Zip file of mp3s . backer.36 MB ] Confusions [ mp3 .497 KB ] contact informationles coordonnées passport le passeport last name nom visa le visa first name prénom residency card la carte de séjour address adresse receipt le récépissé birthdate date de naissanceapplication le formulaire / la candidature place of birth lieu de naissanceenrollment form la demande d inscription Signed [city] .30. [not kidneys] On a déjà donné à manger au chat. être cheap. le to apply (for a job) postuler birth certificate l acte de naissance to apply/enroll (in university)                         . Norway is not in the European Union..424 KB ] The following are sentences that initially confused me because I was translating them literally into English. Some examples of Anglicisms used in Quebec: Bummer.[not word] Tu déjeunes pas ? You aren t eating breakfast? [not lunch] Normalement. spotter. [not the French language in general] La Norvège n est pas en Europe. C est pas du français. I left a little note for you. She met him in Italy. [not normally or usually] Tes parents s ennuient de toi ? Do your parents miss you?[not get bored with] Tu veux te baigner aujourd hui ? Do you want to go swimming today? [not take a bath] J ai mal aux reins. We ve already fed the cat. date Fait à . avoir un good time. etc. elle arrive à 15h. Stop getting worked up. tripper. faker.Arrête de pogner les nerfs. formal French. kiquer. [not Europe as a continent] J ai laissé un petit mot pour toi. slaquer. rusher. If everything goes as planned. être opène. domper. checker. [not known] Filling out forms [ mp3 . It s not grammatically correct..

but not your first name: Jean-Paul BOUCHER. Comment est-ce qu on écrit ça ? / Ça s écrit comment ?Ho w is that written? Comment est-ce qu on prononce ça ? / Ça se prononce comment ? How is that pronounced? Qu est-ce que ça veut dire? / Ça veut dire quoi ? What does that mean? Food / Eating [ mp3 . s il vous plaît ? Can you repeat that. Est-ce que je peux vous poser une question ? Can I ask you a question? Qu est-ce que vous avez dit ? What did you say? Pourriez-vous répéter. monsieur/madame.492 KB ] Excusez-moi de vous déranger. Asking for clarification / help [ mp3 . ham & potato casserole la tartiflette ham & cheese quiche la quiche lorraine melted cheese (with bread)la fondue dumplings (flavored w/ meat or fish) les quenelles grilled ham and cheese le croque-monsieur vegetarian                       . Sorry for bothering you.0 MB ] cold cuts la charcuterie beefstew with carrots du bœuf-carottes raw vegetables les crudités (f) beefstew in red winedu bœuf bourguignon salad (with bacon) une salade (avec des lardons) chicken in red winedu coq au vin onion soup la soupe à l oignon Steak & French friesun steak-frites melted cheese (w/ potatoes & cold cuts) la raclette potatoes au gratinle gratin dauphinois cheese.1. mister/miss. mais j ai un problème.s inscrire à Remember the date format in France is day/month/year instead of month/day/year and that you generally capitalize your last name. but I have a problem. I didn t hear what you said. please? Je n ai pas entendu ce que vous avez dit.

? C est de la part de qui ? Who is calling? Qui est à l appareil ? Who is on the phone? Un instant.. He is not here. Je me suis trompé(e) de numéro.. The line is busy. Cell Phone Vocabulary pay as you go plan sans engagement text messageSMS credit/minutes le crédit photo messageMMS to recharge your accountrecharger votre compte call waiting le double appel contract plan le forfait caller ID la présentation du numro extra charges hors forfait unlimited callsles appels illimités payment plan le plan tarifaire PIN code le code PIN / secret land line la ligne fixe SIM card la carte SIM voicemail la messagerie vocale locked bloqué                         . please.végétarien/ne grilled ham & cheese with egg le croque-madame vegan végétalien/ne Qu est-ce que je vous offre ? / Qu est-ce que je vous sers ? What can I get you? Quelque chose à boire ? Something to drink? J ai la dalle ! J ai les crocs ! Je meurs de faim ! I m starving! J ai trop mangé. s il vous plaît. Je vous la passe.1.. ? Hello. Est-ce que vous voulez laisser un message ? Do you want to leave a message? Pouvez-vous rappeler plus tard ? Can you call back later? La ligne est occupée. est-ce que je pourrais parler à. Il n est pas là. Il ne répond pas. Please hold. You have the wrong number. I got the wrong number. / J ai trop bouffé. I m putting you through to her. He is not answering..27 MB ] Allô. One moment. Vous vous êtes trompé(e)(s) de numéro. I ate too much. may I speak to. Ne quittez pas. On the phone / Au téléphone [ mp3 .

1. Going shopping / Faire les magasins [ mp3 .44 MB ] department store la grande surface fitting room la cabine d essayage outlet store le magasin d usine club/loyalty cardla carte de fidelité second-hand shop la boutique d articles d occasion heels des talons discount store (such as Aldi) le magasin hard discount flip-flops des tongs flea market le marché aux puces tank/halter top le débardeur department le rayon underwire bra le balconnet to go windowshopping faire du lèche-vitrine thong le string to go grocery shoppingfaire les courses spotted à pois mini market la supérette flowery à fleurs supermarket (food) le supermarché frilly à frous-frous super store (everything) l hypermarché (m) glittery à paillettes shopping center le centre commercial striped à rayures           .account summary le suivi conso to download télécharger empty / no credit épuisé ringtone la sonnerie Le suivi conso is short for le suivi de consommation.

Going to the doctor / Chez le docteur [ mp3 . la taille ? C’est la bonne taille ? Is the size right? C’est trop grand. Quelle est votre taille ? Vous faites du combien ? What is your size? What size do you wear? Quelle est votre pointure ? Vous chaussez du combien ? What is your shoe size? What size shoe do you wear? Ça va. / C est trop serré.1. I m just looking. etc.Géant. je regarde seulement. No.M onoprix. such asCarrefour. Je vais réfléchir. I ll think about it. A good way to increase your vocabulary is to look at ads for stores that are available online. Cash/with a bank card. Ça coûte combien ? How much does this cost? C est en solde ? Is it on sale? Quelle escroquerie ! / Quelle arnaque ! What a rip-off! Avez-vous une carte de fidélité ? Do you have a club card? Vous réglez comment ? / Vous payez comment ? How are you paying? En espèces/par carte bleue.Est-ce que je peux vous aider ? / Je peux vous renseigner ? / Vous désirez ? Can I help you? Non. It’s too big / too small.41 MB ] allergy l allergie (f) swollen enflé/e illness la maladie dizziness le vertige cold le rhume drops les gouttes (f) fever la fièvre pills les pilules (f) flu la grippe tablet le cachet migraine la migraine ointment la pommade bump la bosse bandage le sparadrap itching les démangeaisons (f)prescription l ordonnance (f) poisoning             .

I d like to make an appointment. it s 144. Je me suis fait mal. you can also dial 100 for emergency services. and in Canada. Everyone covered by la Sécu receives a Carte Vitale to use at the doctor s consultation and when filling prescriptions at any pharmacie. you will receive feuille de soins forms to fill out in order to be reimbursed.l intoxication (f) medicine les médicaments (m) sting / bite la piqûre vitamins les vitamines (f) scratch l égratignure (f) lozenge la pastille scar la cicatrice sleeping pills les somnifères (m) scab la croûte to skin s écorcher blister l ampoule (f) to sprain se fouler sprain la foulure to crush s écraser ear infection l otite (f) to break se casser Je voudrais prendre rendez-vous.660 KB ]                             . The emergency medical service in France is calledS AM U (Service d aide médicale d urgence) and the phone number is 15. You can dial 17 to reach the police. The general emergency number used throughout the European Union is 112. I skinned my hand by falling. I hurt myself. please. The French health care system (called la Sécurité Sociale) generally reimburses 70% of your health costs (including dentist and eye doctor visits). and 18 to reach the pompiers (firefighters). If you are a recent immigrant to France and have not yet received your Carte Vitale. it s 911. If you want to be reimbursed for the other 30%. In Belgium. you have to join amutuelle and pay a monthly fee. Going to the dentist or eye doctor / Chez le dentiste ou l ophtalmologiste [ mp3 . in Switzerland. Où est-ce que vous avez mal ? Where does it hurt? Est-ce que vous êtes allergique à quelque chose ? Are you allergic to anything? Je me suis écorché la main en tombant. s il vous plaît.

Then you must go to anopticien in order to choose your frames and turn in your prescriptions. They are not in the same office like in the US. At the hair salon / Chez le coiffeur [ mp3 . remove (tooth)arracher blurry flou Getting your eyes checked and then choosing your frames are two different processes in France.cavity la carie glasses les lunettes wisdom tooth la dent de sagesseframes la monture baby tooth la dent de lait glasses case l étui de lunettes (m) gums la gencive contact lenses les lentilles jaw la mâchoire cleaning solutionla solution de nettoyage crown la couronne contact case l étui de lentilles (m) filling le plombage near-sighted myope cleaning le détartrage far-sighted hypermétrope root canal le canal dentaire clear net to pull out.646 KB ] bangs la frange braid la natte / les tresses highlights les mèches ponytail la queue-de-cheval hair cut la coupe de cheveux barette la barrette blowdry le brushing     . You go to anophtalmologiste to get your eyes checked and you will receive a prescription for your glasses/contacts.

by oneself) and se faire couper les cheveux (to get one s hair cut .head band le serre-tête curly bouclés hair clips les pinces à cheveux wavy ondulés hairband l élastique (m) frizzy frisés / crépus hairpin l épingle à cheveux (f) straight raides buzz cut la coupe en brosse dyed teints completely shaved head la boule à zéro lightened décolorés bald chauve layered dégradé part la raie There is a slight difference between se couper les cheveux (to cut one s hair . The same is true ofse teindre les cheveux (to dye one s hair .by oneself) and se faire teindre les cheveux (to get one s hair dyed .by someone else).by someone else).01 MB] school district l académie (f) middle school principal principal urban district l arrondissement (m) high school principalproviseur department / division le département exam after middle school brevet region / area la région exam after high school baccalauréat town                 .1. Opening a bank account / Ouvrir un compte bancaire [ mp3 .

/ Gym éducation physique et sportive (EPS) library         .la commune mathematics mathématiques pre-school l école maternelleeconomics & sociology sciences économique et sociale (SES) elementary education l école primaire living/foreign languagelangue vivante (LV) elementary student écolier/ère physics physique secondary education secondaire chemistry chimie middle school le collège biology biologie middle school student collègien/ne life/earth science sciences de la vie et de la terre (SVT) high school le lycée engineering sciences de l ingénieur (SI) high school student lycéen/ne history/geography histoire-géographie higher educationsupérieur philosophy philosophie university studentétudiant/e literature littérature university l université / la faculté research project/seminar travaux personnels encadrés (TPE) prestigious universities les grandes écolesP.E.

Note: In French schools. the grades/marks range from 1 to 20. CE1. pas mal. Les vacances d été s appellent les grandes vacances. CM1. 3e). If I fail my final exam. LG = Lycée Général Bac = baccalauréat LT= Lycée Technique L = Littéraire LPO= Lycée Polyvalent ES = économique et sociale LGT= Lycée Général et Technique S = scientifique CLG= Collège STT = sciences et technologies tertiaires EE= Ecole Elémentaire STI = sciences et technologies industrielles IA= Inspecteur Académique STL = sciences et technologies de laboratoire IEN= Inspecteur d’Education Nationale SMS = sciences médico-sociales IUFM = Instituts Universitaires de Formation des Maîtres CAP = certificat d aptitudes professionnelles CP = Cours préparatoire BEP = brevet d études professionnelles CE1 = Cours élémentaire 1ère année BTS = brevet de technicien supérieur CE2 = Cours élémentaire 2e année CPGE = classes préparatoires aux Grandes Ecoles CM1 = Cours moyen 1ère année CDI = centre de documentation et d information CM2 = Cours moyen 2e année                   . He got bad marks and he had to stay in the same grade. not bad. The return to school takes place at the beginning of September. Cette année. while troisième is the last year. école élémentaire is ages 6-11 (CP. This year. 5e. je suis obligé de redoubler ma terminale. CE2. CM2).T he summer vacation is called the big vacation. 4e.le CDI report card le bulletin scolaire La rentrée scolaire a lieu début septembre. Si je rate / Si j échoue mon bac. and the grades/years descend instead of increasing: sixième is the first year of collège. and lycée is ages 15-18 (2nde. Ecole maternelle is ages 2-6. 1ère. collège is ages 11-15 (6e. Tu as eu combien ? What (grade) did you get? J ai eu 13. T). Ils ont seché les cours aujourd hui. They skipped classes today. he s passing into the next grade. I got a 13. il passe dans la classe supérieure. Il a eu de mauvais résultats et il a dû redoubler. I have to do my last year of school over again.

45 MB ] news les informations / le journal poverty la pauvreté news showsle magazine d actualités homeless les sans-abri current eventsl actualité (f) murder le crime / le meurtre weather reportla météo genocide le génocide protest la protestation riot l émeute (m) demonstrationla manifestation curfew le couvre-feu earthquake le tremblement de terre harassment le harcèlement (m) hurricane l ouragan (m) epidemic l épidémie (f) flood l inondation (f) plague la peste tsunami le tsunami / le raz-demarée cloning le clonage drought la sécheresse drug addiction la toxicomanie burglary le cambriolage drug trafficking le trafic de drogue assault l agression (f) trial le procès crime le délit testimony le témoignage                   .1.CPE = conseillers principaux d éducation T = Terminale COP = conseiller d orientation psychologue Premier degré = maternelle & élémentaire Second degré = collège & lycée News [ mp3 .

1.11 MB ] prime minister le premier ministre citizen le citoyen president le président senator le sénateur vice president le vice-président representative le député dictator le dictateur mayor le maire nationality la nationalité law       .robbery le vol evidence la preuve military les militaires (m) ceasefire le cessez-le-feu army l armée (f) gun le revolver navy la marine rifle le fusil air force les forces aériennes troops les troupes (f) invasion l invasion (f) soldier le soldat battle la bataille hostage l otage (m) retreat la retraite casualty les pertes (f) treaty le traité winners les vainqueurs (m) truce la trêve losers les vaincus (m) Politics [ mp3 .

Union pour la Démocratie Française (UDF) .left-wing.1. Television [ mp3 . Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP) .75 MB ] the news les infos to be on (TV)       .centrist.right-wing. and Front National (FN) .la loi community la communauté bill le projet de loi society la société policy la politique government le gouvernement proposal la proposition election l élection (f) grant la subvention referendum le référendum legislation la législation vote le vote negotiation la négociation environment l environnement (m) regulation la réglementation democracy la démocratie democrat démocrate anarchy l anarchie (f) liberal libéral/e capitalism le capitalisme conservative conservateur/trice socialism le socialisme socialist socialiste communism le communisme communist communiste The current major political parties in France include: Parti Socialiste (PS) and Parti Communiste Français (PCF) .far right-wing.

Canal+ is available at some times. The nightly new is always on at 8 pm (20h). There are of course several other channels: France 4. France 2. NT1. but you must subscribe and pay extra if you want to watch it at all times. France 3. AB 1. There are a few French channels that you can watch without subscribing to a cable provider: TF1. and depending on where you live.passer series/program la série to act (in) jouer soap opera le feuilleton to channel surf zapper tv movie le téléfilm to turn on the TV allumer la télé documentary le documentaire to turn off the TV éteindre la télé channel la chaîne push the button appuyer sur le bouton remote control la télécommande turn up the volume monter le son subtitles les sous-titrages turn down the volume baisser le son commercials les publicités (pub) to plug in brancher actor/actress le/la comédien/ne to unplug débrancher director le réalisateur what s it about? ça parle de quoi ? comedian l humoriste to be continued à suivre Programs do not start at the hour or half hour in France. France ô.     . Arte. and the majority of "prime time" shows begin at 8:50 pm (20h50) with more than one episode each week.France 5. etc. Paris Première. there are local channels as well as foreign channels of bordering countries.TM C.W9. Commercials are rarely shown during the programs. M6. Téva. RTL9.N RJ. but more likely between the shows.

here is some specialized vocabulary that you probably won t ever use. Here are a few programs that are different in French: Baywatch .Alerte à Malibu. but you ll need to recognize if you watch crime dramas: assault l agression (f) prosecutor le procureur blackmail le chantage rape le viol blackmailer le maître-chanteur sketch le portrait-robot criminal record le casier judiciaire stabbed poignardé defendant l accusé (m) strangled étranglé evidence la pièce à conviction surveillance la filature federal case délit fédéral suspect le suspect gun le flingue to arrest arrêter handcuffs             . Seventh Heaven . les disparus). And because I watch several shows that involve solving crime. though several months later than in the US and dubbed in French. Without a Trace FBI: Portés Disparus. you should be able to read the subtitles in French as well. Not all programs or channels support subtitling/closed captioning. Crossing Jordan Preuve à l appui.7 à la Maison. (You will find that almost every foreign program is dubbed rather than subtitled). Heroes. etc. CSI . Desperate Housewives.Les Experts. The Young & the Restless .Les Frères Scott. And a series does not have to be a hit in the US to be broadcast in France. A lot of programs have the same names in French (Bones.) while others have French words added (Lost. several shows that were cancelled after one year in the US are still shown here. but if your TV is equipped with télétexte. One Tree Hill .Les Feux de l Amour.Most American television shows are eventually broadcast in France.

73 MB ] ball le ballon pass une passe captain le capitaine penalty kick un penalty captain armband un brassard de capitaine player un joueur cleats les crampons playoffs le tableau final coach l entraîneur / le selectionneur quarter-finals les quarts de finale coin toss un tirage à pile ou face               .les menottes (f) to con/cheat escroquer homicide l homicide (f) to harass harceler investigation l enquête (f) to press charges porter plainte kidnapping l enlèvement (m) to report missing porter disparu laundering le blanchiment to run away s enfuir lead la piste / l indice to shoot tirer loaded (gun) chargé warrant le mandat murder le meurtre weapon l arme (m) paperwork la paperasse witness le témoin Soccer [ mp3 .1.

red card carton rouge corner kick un corner referee l arbitre defense un défenseur replacement le remplaçant fans les supporters semi-finals les demi-finales final la finale shinguards les protège-tibias forward un attaquant shorts la culotte foul/penalty une faute shot un tir game un match slide tackle un tacle goal un but socks les chausettes goal post les cages standings les classements goalie un gardien de but starter player le titulaire goalie box la surface de réparation team une équipe group (in tournaments) la poule / le groupe tie game un match nul header une tête to pass passer jersey un maillot to score marquer kickoff un coup d envoi / un     .

engagement to shoot tirer midfield un milieu de terrain to throw in the ball faire une touche net le filet tournament le tournoi off-sides hors-jeu wave la ola out of bounds (behind the goals) une sortie de but What s the score? Quel est le score? out of bounds (on the sides) en touche yellow card carton jaune Zodiac Signs [ mp3 .408 KB ] signs of the Zodiac les signes du zodiaque horoscope l horoscope (m) astrology l astrologie (f) Aries Bélier Taurus Taureau Gemini Gémeaux Cancer Cancer Leo Lion Virgo Vierge Libra Balance Scorpio Scorpion Sagittarius Sagittaire Capricorn Capricorne Aquarius Verseau Pisces Poissons Marriage / Civil Unions [ mp3 .24 MB ]       .1.

the instead of just He/she loves me. They fell in love with each other. m en veux ? Are you mad at me? t aime bien. 2. / I love you on allait au cinéma ce soir ? How about if we go to the Saturday night? I have no plans for this French have 5 sayings loves me not:               . He/she 1. Un peu. When pulling petals off of a daisy. Ils vivent en concubinage / en union libre. samedi soir ? Are you free Je n ai rien de prévu pour ce week-end. I like you. C est mon copain / ma copine. A little. But she has no feelings for him. He has affection for her. / Je t aime. They live with each other (without being married). movies tonight? Tu es libre.         On Tu Je Si se disputait sans cesse. Il a de l affection pour elle. I have a great friendship with him. J ai une grande amitié pour lui. Il/Elle m aime.couple le couple to enter a PACS contract se pacser date le rendez-vous to get engaged se fiancer relationship la relation to get married se marier civil union le PACS (Pacte Civile de Solidarité) to break up / leave rompre / quitter engagement les fiançailles (f) to get divorced divorcer wedding le mariage to cheat on tromper wedding announcement le faire-part de mariage to meet se rencontrer honeymoon la lune de miel to separate se séparer Ils sont tombés amoureux l un de l autre. weekend. Mais elle n éprouve aucun sentiment pour lui. He/She loves me. We fought all the time. This is my boyfriend / girlfriend.

A la folie. 5.3. many English words used in French. even though the original English word may be a noun. Not at all. I ve always marked which words are used as adjectives in French. but some of them have a different meaning than in English. / noun)refers to skin color play-back lip-synching body onesie / body suit pom-pom girlcheerleader bowling bowling alley pressing dry cleaner s break station wagon radio (f) X-ray brushing blowdry recordman record holder caddie (shopping) cart relax lounge chair     . Sometimes the French pronunciation is radically different from the English pronunciation. unless otherwise noted below.67 MB ] There are many. agenda planner / calendar mail e-mail baby-foot foosball meeting rally barman bartender nickel clean / perfect basket basketball parking parking lot baskets sneakers people celebrities bermudes bermuda shorts planning schedule black (adj. English used in French [ mp3 . Pas du tout. so you may only be able to understand the word in writing but not in speech. Almost all English nouns borrowed into French are masculine.Beaucoup. Like crazy. A lot.1. 4.

)discount tuning tune up .camping campground relooking makeover camping-car motorhome / camperrollers rollerblades catch pro wrestling scotch tape clean (adj. busy drive drive-thru string thong underwear entourage group of friends sweat sweatshirt fashion (adj.) trendy tennisman tennis player fast-food fast food restauranttongs flip-flops flipper pinball le top the best foot soccer trench trench coat footing jogging tube hit song hard discount (adj.) self service clip music video shorty boy shorts cornflakes cereal slip boxers / briefs / underwear dancing dance hall smoking tuxedo dressing walk-in closet speed (adj.) sober self (adj.)hectic.

) cool / laid-back lové (adj.) diet zapping channel surfing look style zen (adj.jogging jogging suit type guy lifting facelift volley volleyball light (adj. rather than each letter individually.) cuddly / snuggly Acronyms Those marked in blue are pronounced as a word. ANAEM Agence Nationale de l Accueil des Etrangers et des Migrations PC Parti communiste ANPE* Agence nationale pour l emploi PDGprésident-directeur général ASSEDIC*Association pour l emploi dans l industrie et le commerce PJ pièces joints BCBG bon chic bon genre PS Parti socialiste BD bande dessinée PTTPostes. télégraphes et téléphones BN Bibliothèque nationale QG quartier général BNP Banque nationale de Paris RATPRégie autonome des transports parisiens BP boîte postale RDCrez-de-chaussée CAF Caisse d allocations familiales RERRéseau express régional CDD Contrat durée déterminée RF République française CDI Contrat durée indéterminée           .

RMIRevenu minimum d insertion CDS Carte de séjour RV rendez-vous DALF diplôme approfondi de langue françaiseSDF Sans domicile fixe DEA diplôme d études approfondies SIDAsyndrome immunodéficitaire acquis DELF diplôme d études en langue française SMICSalaire minimum interprofessional de croissance DOM-TOMDépartements d outre-mer et Territoires d outre-mer SNCFSociété nationale de chemin de fer EDF Electricité de France SPASociété protectrice des animaux ENA Ecole Nationale d Administration SVPs il vous plaît FLQ Front de la libération du Québec TERTransport express régional FNAC Fédération nationale des achats de cadres TGBTrès grande bibliothèque GDF Gaz de France TGVTrain à grande vitesse HLM Habitation à loyer modéré TTCtoutes taxes comprises INSEE Institut National de la Statistique et des TVAtaxe à la valeur ajoutée Etudes Economiques MGEN Mutuelle Générale de l Education Nationale UE Union européenne MJC Maison des Jeunes et de la Culture UDFUnion pour la démocratie française MLF Mouvement pour la libération de la femme UMPUnion pour un Mouvement Populaire MRAP Mouvement contre le racisme et pour l amitié entre les peuples VF version française OMI                   .

Regions & Departments of France [ mp3 .Office des Migrations Internationales VO version originale ONU Organisation des Nations Unies VOSTversion originale sous-titrée OTAN Organisation du trait de l Atlantique du Nord VTTvélo tout terrain OVNI Objet volant non identifié X l École Polytechnique PV procès-verbal * ANPE and ASSEDIC no longer exist.3. They were merged together in 2009 to form Pôle Emploi.87 MB ] Régions de France métropolitaine English Translations Alsace Alsace Aquitaine Aquitaine Auvergne Auvergne Basse-Normandie Lower-Normandy Bretagne Brittany Bourgogne Burgundy Centre Center Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne Corse Corsica Franche-Comté Franche-Comte Haute-Normandie Upper-Normandy Ille-de-France Paris-Isle-of-France Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon Limousin Limousin Lorraine Lorraine Midi-Pyrénées Midi-Pyrenees Nord-Pas-de-Calais North-Calais Pays-de-la-Loire Pays-de-la-Loire Picardie Picardy Poitou-Charentes     .

The 96 departments of mainland France. Wallis-et-Futuna. Nouvelle Calédonie has a special status (sui generis) and will vote for independence from France in the next ten years. Mayotte. Saint-Martinand Saint-Barthélemy. the département of Ain is 01 and the département of Vosges is 88. For example. are: 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin Alsace 11 Aude 30 Gard 34 Hérault 24 Dordogne 33 Gironde Aquitaine 48 Lozère 66 Pyrénées-Orientales LanguedocRoussillon 40 Landes 47 Lot-et-Garonne 19 Corrèze 64 PyrénéesAtlantiques 23 Creuse 87 Haute-Vienne Limousin 03 Allier 15 Cantal 43 Haute-Loire         .) Each département is assigned a two-digit number that begins the zip code (the numbers somewhat correspond to alphabetical order). grouped according to their region. DOM-TOM means départements d outre-mer and térritoires d outre-mer.Poitou-Charentes Provence-Alpes-Côte d Azur Provence-Alpes-Azur Rhône-Alpes Rhone-Alps Régions/Départements d outre-mer Overseas Regions/Departments Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Martinique Martinique Guyane French Guiana La Réunion Reunion Each région is divided into départements. French territories (also called collectivities) include Polynésie française. Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon. except for the overseas regions (they exist as régions as well as départements.

63 Puy-de-Dôme Auvergne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 57 Moselle Lorraine 88 Vosges 14 Calvados 50 Manche 61 Orne Basse-Normandie 09 Ariège Midi-Pyrénées 12 Aveyron 31 Haute-Garonne 21 Côte-d Or 58 Nièvre 71 Saône-et-Loire 89 Yonne Bourgogne 32 Gers 46 Lot 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 81 Tarn Bretagne 59 Nord 62 Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais 44 18 28 36 37 Loire-Atlantique Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Centre 49 Maine-et-Loire 53 Mayenne 72 Sarthe 85 Vendée Pays de la Loire 41 Loir-et-Cher   82 22 29 35 56 Tarn-et-Garonne Côtes-d Armor Finistère Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan   .

45 Loiret 02 Aisne 60 Oise 08 Ardennes ChampagneArdenne 80 Somme Picardie 10 Aube 51 Marne 16 Charente 52 Haute-Marne 17 Charente-Maritime 79 Deux-Sèvres 2A Corse-du-Sud Corse 86 Vienne Poitou-Charentes 2B Haute-Corse 04 Alpes-de-HauteProvence 25 Doubs 39 Jura 70 Haute-Saône 90 Territoire de Belfort Franche-Comté 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 83 Var 84 Vaucluse Provence-AlpesCôte d Azur 27 Eure 76 Seine-Maritime Haute-Normandie 01 Ain Rhône-Alpes 07 Ardèche 75 77 78 91 92 93 94 Paris Seine-et-Marne Yvelines Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Seine-Saint-Denis Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d Oise Île-de-France 26 Drôme 38 Isère 42 Loire 69 Rhône 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie     .

Question_small <http://www.scribd.French Guide a complete guide to basic French language Reads: 2.com/safav> Follow <http://www.com/doc/13852589/Learn-How-to-Speak-French-Easily> 6435 reads * Learning French Part II .scribd.scribd.scribd.com%2Fdoc%2F19496018%20%23Readcast> <http://www.559 Uploaded: 09/07/2009 Category: How-To Guides/Manuals <http://www.scribd.scribd.com/home?source=scribd.com%2Fdoc%2F1949601 8%2FFrench-Guide&message=a%20complete%20guide%20to%20basic%20French%20language> <mailto:> Link / URL: Embed Size & Settings: * * * * Width: Auto Height: (proportional to specified width) Start on page: Preview View: More share options Related * Learn How to Speak French Easily <http://www.google.com&status=Reading%20%22French%20Guide%22 %20on%20Scribd%20http%3A%2F%2Fwww.com/explore/HowTo-GuidesManuals> Tags: sentences free french avoir verb download sentences free french avoir verb download (Less <http://www.scribd.scribd.scribd.com/static/help?type=private> 1280300936 <http://www.scribd.com%2Fdoc%2F194960 18%2FFrench-Guide%23source%3Afacebook> <http://twitter.com/sharer.com/login> Share & Embed <http://www.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com/safav> safav <http://www.com/buzz/post?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.com/doc/19496018/French-Guide#>) Rated: (1 Rating) Download this Document for FreePrintMobileCollectionsReport Document This is a private document.

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