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Preliminary Design:

Preliminary Sizing of Structural Member:


i. Beam
Depth of Beam, Dbeam = 1/10th to 1/15th of span
For Long Span = 1/10th to 1/15th X 5420mm
= 360-542mm
For Short Span = 1/10th to 1/15th X 4580mm
= 305-458mm

Adopting Depth of Beam as 400mm and 450mm


Width of Beam, bbeam = 1/3rd to 2/3rd of depth
= 135-270mm

Adopting Width of Beam as 230mm


Check:
Span < 60xb = 60x230mm = 13800mm (OK) (IS 456:2002 Cl 24.1)

ii. Slab
Thickness of Slab, D = 1/28th to 1/32nd of span
= 1/28th to 1/32nd X 3.82m
= 120-135mm

Hence, adopt slab thickness as 130mm

iii. Loads on Slabs and Beams

a. Self-Wt. of Beam = 25x.405x.23 = 2.33 kN/m


b. Slab
Self-Wt. = 25x.125 = 3.125 kN/m2
Finishing = .025x22 = 0.55 kN/m2
Screed = 0.02x20.4 =0.41 kN/m2
Plaster = 0.01x20 = 0.2 kN/m2
Light Partition = 1 kN/m2
Live Load = 4 kN/m2
c. Self-wt. of other component
Main Wall = 0.23x20x(3.3-0.405) = 13.32 kN/m = 11kN/m (assuming 20% opening)
Partition Wall = 0.115x20x(3.3-0.405) = 6.66 kN/m = 5.5 kN/m (assuming 20% opening)
Parapet = 0.23 x 20 x 1 = 4.6 kN/m

iv. Determination of Column Size:


Tributary Area = 4.3 x 4.9m
Slab Wt. = 3.125 x 4.3 x 4.9 = 65.84 kN
FF Load = 1.5 x 4.3 x 4.9 = 31.6 kN
Live Load = 4 x 4.3 x 4.9 = 84.28 kN
Beam = 25 x 0.23 x 0.405 x 4.3 + 25 x 0.3 x 0.405 x 4.9 = 24.9 kN
Wall = 5.5 x 9.2 = 50.6 kN
Total Load = 7 x 257.22 = 1800.54 kN
Factored Load = 2700.81 kN

Taking % of steel as 2% and fy = 500 N/mm2, fck = 20 N/mm2

According to IS 456:2002 Cl 39.3 for axially loaded column

P = 0.4 x fck x Ac + 0.67 x fy x Ast


2700.81x103 = 0.4 x 20 x Ac + 0.67 x 500 x 0.02 Ac
Ac = 183728 mm2
Size = 430 x 430 mm
Adopted Size = 450 x 450 mm
Ac = 202500 mm2
v. Size of Structural Members:
Structural Member Size
Columns:
Main Columns 450mm X 450mm
2 Columns in Lift 400mm X 150mm
Beams:
Longer Span 300mm X 450mm
Shorter Span 230mm X 400mm
Floor Slab 130mm
Staircase Slab 130mm
Shear Wall 150mm
Retaining Wall 200mm