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COUNTRY PROFILE FOR ROMANIA

Status of Ratifications
Human Rights Instrument : (Date into force) Ratification Status Declaration

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Signature: NA, Ratification/Accession: 1970 ✓
:1969

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights :1976 Signature: 1968, Ratification/Accession: 1974 ✓

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights :1976 Signature: NA, Ratification/Accession: 1993 ✓

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Signature: 1990, Ratification/Accession: 1991
aiming at the abolition of the death penalty :1991

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights :1976 Signature: 1968, Ratification/Accession: 1974 ✓

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Signature: NA, Ratification/Accession: NA
:2013

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women :1981 Signature: 1980, Ratification/Accession: 1982

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Signature: 2000, Ratification/Accession: 2003
against Women :2000

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Signature: NA, Ratification/Accession: 1990
Punishment :1987

Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Signature: 2003, Ratification/Accession: 2009 ✓
Degrading Treatment or Punishment :2006

Convention on the Rights of the Child :1990 Signature: 1990, Ratification/Accession: 1990 ✓

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of Signature: 2000, Ratification/Accession: 2001 ✓
children in armed conflict :2002

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, Signature: 2000, Ratification/Accession: 2001
child prostitution and child pornography :2002

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications Signature: 2012, Ratification/Accession: NA
procedure :2014

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Signature: NA, Ratification/Accession: NA
Members of their Families :2003

International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Signature: 2008, Ratification/Accession: NA
Disappearance :2010

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities :2008 Signature: 2007, Ratification/Accession: 2011

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities :2008 Signature: 2008, Ratification/Accession: NA

to which Romania acceded by Decree no. military serivce is compulsory for Romanian citizens. Romania considers that the mentioned provisions do not confer to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination the competence of examining communications of persons invoking the existence and infringement of collective rights. of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are at variance with the principle that all States have the right to become parties to multilateral treaties governing matters of general interest. Social and Cultural Rights are inconsistent with the principle that multilateral international treaties whose purposes concern the international community as a whole must be open to universal participation.” Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 3 May 2016 With regard to the reservations made by the Federal Republic of Somalia upon ratification: “The Government of Romania has carefully examined the reservations made by the Federal Republic of Somalia to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and considers that they are incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention. the Government of Romania objects to the reservations made by the Federal Republic of Somalia to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. should be open to participation by all States. 1194 of 2001. in accordance with article 14 paragraph 1 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Therefore. The Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania declares that the provisions of articles 17 and 18 of the Discrimination (ICERD) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination are not in accordance with the principle that multilateral treaties. (b) The State Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the maintenance in a state of dependence of certain territories referred to in article 1 (3) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is inconsistent with the Charter of the United Nations and the instruments adopted by the Organization on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples. including the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. Declaration: “In accordance with Article 24. having an undefined character and invoking general principles of its internal law. that it recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to receive and consider communications from persons within its jurisdiction claiming to be victims of a violation by Romania of any of the rights set forth in the Convention.” . Romania declares that it postpones for three years the implementation of the obligations under Part IV of the Optional Protocol. Social and Cultural Rights is inconsistent with the Charter of the United Nations and the instruments adopted by the Organization on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples.. males. paragraph 1. to receive and to examine communications in accordance with article 14 paragraph 2 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination is the National Council for Combating Discrimination established by the Government Decision no.Declarations Ratifications (Acronym) Declarations International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial . The body which is competent in Romania." International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Upon signature: The Government of the Socialist Republic of Romania declares that the provisions of article 48. when they may be recruited after the age of 18. who reached the age involvement of children in armed conflict (OP-CRC-AC) of 20. except in case of war or upon request. This objection shall not preclude the entry into force of the Convention in its entirety between the Romania and the Federal Republic of Somalia” Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Declaration: “According to the law.. adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 1970. paragraph 2(a) of the Protocol. paragraph 1 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OP-CAT) and Other Cruel. which solemnly proclaims the duty of States to promote the realization of the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples in order to bring a speedy end to colonialism. which solemnly proclaims the duty of States to promote the realization of the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples in order to bring a speedy end to colonialism. Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel. during peacetime. concerning national preventive mechanisms. including the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. (b) The State Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the maintenance in a state of dependence of certain territories referred to in articles 1 (3) and 14 of the International Covenant on Economic. Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Declaration: Romania considers that. Without prejudice to the article 14 paragraphs 1 and 2 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. the aims and objectives of which concern the world community as a whole. Social and Cultural Rights Upon signature: The Government of the Socialist Republic of Romania declares that the provisions of article 26. 345 of 1970. adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 1970. Social and Cultural Rights are at variance with the principle that all States have the right to become parties to multilateral treaties governing matters of general interest. these reservations are contrary to the rules of the international law. (ICESCR) paragraph 1. of the International Covenant on Economic. Upon ratification: (a) The State Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the provisions of article 48 (1) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are inconsistent with the principle that multilateral international treaties whose purposes concern the international community as a whole must be open to universal participation. the Human Rights Rights (ICCPR-OP1) Committee shall not have competence to consider communications from an individual if the matter is being or has already been examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement. in accordance with article 5. Upon ratification: (a) The State Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the provisions of article 26 (1) of the International Covenant on Economic. 21 March 2003 "Romania declares. International Covenant on Economic. Moreover. according to domestic law. Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.