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GOING TO PRESENT CONTINUOUS

The use of be going + infinitive and the present continuous tense to speak about the
future is similar. We use them to talk about things that are already planned or decided.

 What are you doing this weekend? (= What are your plans?)
 I'm spending the weekend at home. (= I've planned it already/I've already decided)
 I'm going to spend the weekend at home. (= I've already decided/I've planned it
already)

The present continuous is usually used to speak about personal arrangements, when the
time and/or place have already been decided.

 We're meeting Jim at the pub at 6 o'clock.
 The taxi's picking us up at 3 o'clock.

Be going to + infinitive is used to talk about our intentions, even if they are some way
in the future.

 I'm going to study law when I finish school.
 We're going to Hawaii for our holidays next summer.

Notice that last sentence - it is not common to say "going to go to. We normally drop the
go to and just say going to.

Be going to + infinitive is also used to speak about the future when we have already got
some evidence that something is certain or likely to happen.

 She's going to have a baby (I can see that she is pregnant)
 It's going to rain (I can see the dark storm clouds)

Will is more complicated, and here we are only going to discuss its use in relation to be
going to + infinitive and the present continuous.

In certain situations all of these future forms can have similar meanings. The difference
is what we want to stress when we speak. As we wrote above, be going to + infinitive and
the present continuous are used to talk about things that are already planned or decided.
If this is what we want to stress then we would use one of those structures, if not, we
would choose will:

 What are you going to do now?
 What are you doing now?
 What will you do now?

In the first two examples, the person asking the question assumes that the person they
are speaking to has some plan or intention. In the last example, s/he feels that there is
some uncertainty.

Also above, we mentioned the use of be going to + infinitive to talk about (predict) the
future when we have already got some evidence that something is certain or likely to
happen. When this evidence is not present, or at least is not as concrete, we prefer to
use will.

 It's going to rain later (I can see the clouds building up)
 I think it will rain later (It often does at this time of year)

TENSES

FUTURE WITH GOING TO

1. Future with Going to - form
This form is composed of three elements: the appropriate form of the verb 'to be' + going
to + the infinitive of the main verb:

and that some preparation has already happened. function The present continuous is used to talk about arrangements for events at a time later than now. (= the plan is in our minds now. Future with Going to . c.it is later than now. but the attitude is that the event depends on a present situation. Future: Present continuous for the future. More examples: Plans and intentions: a. Are John and Pam going to visit Milan when they are in Italy? c. He's going to be a brilliant politician. d. = and I've already bought my train ticket. it's on the time-table. that we know about. c. I'm meeting Jim at the airport = and both Jim and I have discussed this.it's going to pour with rain! (= It's clear from what I can see now. We have a staff meeting next Monday.) Going to Intention . The time is not important . Predictions based on present evidence: a. Is Freddy going to buy a new car soon? b. Notice the difference between: a. seeing is used in a continuous form because it means meeting. Is she seeing him tomorrow? b. More examples: a. 'going to' is often shortened to 'gonna'. form See notes on form in section on Present Continuous. Note: in example (a). We're having a staff meeting next Monday = and all members of staff have been told about it. They aren't leaving until the end of next year. I'm going to have terrible indigestion.(= we have a meeting every Monday.) Note: In everyday speech.g.function The use of 'going to' to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. There's going to be a terrible accident! b. There is a suggestion that more than one person is aware of the event.She is going to leave 2. He isn't working next week. I think Nigel and Mary are going to have a party next week. b. 1. We're having a staff meeting next Monday. e. b. We are staying with friends when we get to Boston. BE CAREFUL! The simple present is used when a future event is part of a programme or time-table.) b) to make predictions based on present evidence: Look at those clouds . So it is used: a) to refer to our plans and intentions: We're going to move to London next year. She is meeting 2. Present continuous for the future. I am leaving tomorrow. especially in American English. a. c.

I am going to buy a new TV.  We use will for prediction when we have no real evidence: "It will rain tomorrow. o They are going to university next year. o We are not going to work next week.)  We use going to for prediction when there is some real evidence: "It's going to rain. We have already made a decision before speaking. we had an intention or plan before speaking. 3. My boss isn't going to be very happy! In these examples. o The test next week is going to be really hard. Here are some examples:  The sky is very black. Predictions . Look at these examples:  I have won $1.) Future Simple Verb Tense "going to" The future simple verb tense "going to" is used in the following situations: 1. black cloud in the sky and if it doesn't rain I'll be very surprised. I am sure someone is going to adapt them.To make a future prediction based on facts. Our prediction is based on evidence. o I am going to be a rich person someday. . Planed events .To state the something that is intended to take place in the future. o We are going to pass the test.When a future event that has been planed before the time of speaking. Intentions .  It's 8. the present situation (black sky/the time/damaged car) gives us a good idea of what is going to happen. in informal conversations. It is going to snow. o I am going to Mexico in a few days. The decision was made before we spoke. o The puppies are going to make a big mess in house.  We're not going to see my mother tomorrow." (It's my feeling but I can't be sure.000. Prediction We often use going to to make a prediction about the future.  When are you going to go on holiday? In these examples.30! You're going to miss the train!  I crashed the company car. We are saying what seems sure to happen." (There's a big. o The puppies are cute. 2.We use the special going to construction when we have the intention to do something before we speak. o There is going to be a really big storm in a few hours.