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Circular

Economy
package –
what's in it?
Pierre Henry
DG Environment
Unit "Eco-innovation
and Circular Economy"

environmental degradation & climate change NATURAL TAKE MAKE DISPOSE RESOURCES WASTE WASTE WASTE 2 . volatile prices • waste generated. What are the limitations of a Linear Economy? • lost value of materials and products • scarcity of resources.

europa. metal ores In 2014: 1534 million tonnes and non-metallic minerals) Source: http://ec.eu/eurostat/data/database 3 . The EU is heavily dependent on imported raw materials European Union (EU-28) Rest of the world (ROW) EU-28 exports (2014) 159 237 434 EU-28 imports (2014) 181 195 1300 Biomass Total trade Manufactures (finished Total trade EU-28 to ROW manufactured products) ROW to EU-28 In 2004: 455 million tonnes Fuels and mining products In 2004: 1664 million tonnes In 2014: 640 million tonnes (fossil energy.

What is a Circular Economy? • the value of products. materials and resources is maintained in the economy for as long as possible • waste generation is minimised 4 .

Circular Economy: expected benefits • growth & job creation/ • building economic up to +7% GDP and environmental  up to 600 billion in resilience savings/8% of annual • encouraging innovation turnover for business in the EU • reducing total annual Greenhouse Gas  estimated 170 000 direct jobs in waste management Emissions by 2-4% sectors created by 2035 • boosting competitiveness and ensuring security of supply 5 .

Circular Economy Package Adopted by the Commission 2 December 2015 Action Plan List of Follow-up 4 Legislative Communication Initiatives (Annex) proposals on waste 6 .

Investment Secondary & Monitoring materials raw Waste Management 7 . Key action areas Production Consumption Innovation.

Production Objectives Key actions • provide incentives • durability. tools for SMEs 8 . remanufacturing • More coherent policy framework for products. reparability and recyclability to boost circular of products – Ecodesign Directive. Extended product design Producer Responsibility • innovative and • best practices for waste management and efficient resource efficiency in industrial sectors - production BREFs processes • industrial symbiosis.

Consumption Objectives Key actions • repair and reuse • better labelling: EU Eco-label. of products Environmental Footprint • reliable • new forms of consumption – collaborative information to economy. digital platforms consumers • guarantees and action on false green claims • independent testing programme to assess possible planned obsolescence • Circular Economy criteria in Green Public Procurement 9 .

new gaps investments in recycling capacity. Waste management Objectives Key actions • improve waste • revised EU targets for recycling 65% management in of municipal waste and 75% of packaging line with the EU waste by 2030 waste hierarchy • new binding target to reduce landfill to • address existing a maximum of 10% of total waste by 2030 implementation • improve waste management. avoid • provide long-term overcapacity in incineration and mechanical- vision and targets biological treatment to guide • ensure coherence between waste investments investments under EU Cohesion Policy and the waste hierarchy 10 .

and waste legislation • safely managed • EU-wide electronic system for cross-border chemicals transfers of waste • improve knowledge of material flows 11 . Market for secondary raw materials Objectives Key actions • increase the use • EU regulation on fertilisers of secondary raw • legislative proposal on minimum materials requirements for reused water • increase the use of • quality standards for secondary raw materials recycled nutrients • analysis on the interface between chemicals. and water product.

Priority sectors Biomass & Bio-based Plastics Products Construction Food & Demolition Waste Critical Raw Materials 12 .

europa.THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Pierre Henry European Commission DG Environment Unit "Eco-innovation and Circular Economy" http://ec.henry@ec.eu 13 .eu/environment/circular-economy/ Pierre.europa.