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# STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN

SPORTS ARENA

CE-4201

## Aranas, Juan Paolo V.

Maglinao, Angelo G.

Manalo, Marjorie A.

Matulac, Randy D.

## Rances, Angela Ysabel P.

PLANS AND

ELEVATIONS
COMPUTATIONS
WIND LOAD COMPUTATION Topographic Factor Section 207.5.7
From NSCP 2015 When site conditions and locations of structures do not meet all
the conditions specified in Section 5.7.1, kzt = 1.0
Basic Wind Speed, V Section 207.A5-1 Gust Effect Factor Section 207.5.8
Zone Classification Zone 2 G for rigid buildings = 0.85
V = 240 kPa Enclosure Classification Section 207.5.9
Wind Directionality Factor, kd Table 207A.6-1 Partially Enclosed
Kd for building = 0.85 Internal Pressure Coefficient, GCpi Section 207.5.11.1
Importance Factor, Iw Section 207.5.5 GCpi = ± 0.55
Iw for essential facilities = 1.15 External Pressure Coefficient, Cp Section 207.5.11.2
Exposure Category Wall
B Windward Cp = 0.8
Velocity Pressure Exposure Coefficient Section 207.5.6 Leeward Cp = -0.5
Case 2 Roof
All main wind force resisting systems in buildings except Windward Cp = -0.3
those in low-rise buildings. Leeward Cp = -0.88
All main wind force resisting systems in other
structures.
Roof Level (H = 13.0 m)
Using interpolation
13−12 𝑘𝑧−0.76
= 0.81−0.76
15−12
kz = 0.78
Fourth Floor Level (H = 9.0 m)
kz = 0.70
Third Floor Level (H = 6.0 m)
kz = 0.66
Second Floor Level (H = 3.0 m)
kz = 0.57
Velocity Pressure, qz Section 207.5.10 P = 1.221(0.85)(-0.88) – 1.221(-0.55)
-6 2
qz = 47.3x10 kzkztkdV Iw P = 0.153 kPa
Roof Level Second Floor Level
qz = 47.3x10-6(0.78)(1.0)(0.85)(200)2(1.15) P = 1.054(0.85)(-0.3) – 1.054(0.55)
qz = 1.443 kPa P = 0.137 kPa
Fourth Floor Level P = 1.054(0.85)(-0.88) – 1.054(-0.55)
qz = 47.3x10-6(0.70)(1.0)(0.85)(200)2(1.15) P = 0.158 kPa
qz = 1.295 kPa
Third Floor Level
qz = 47.3x10-6(0.66)(1.0)(0.85)(200)2(1.15)
qz = 1.221 kPa
Second Floor Level
qz = 47.3x10-6(0.57)(1.0)(0.85)(200)2(1.15)
qz = 1.054 kPa
P = qGCp –qi(GCpi)
Roof Level
P = 1.443(0.85)(-0.3) – 1.443(0.55)
P = -1.162 kPa
P = 1.443(0.85)(-0.88) – 1.443(-0.55)
P = -0.286 kPa
Fourth Floor Level
P = 1.295(0.85)(-0.3) – 1.295(0.55)
P = 0.168 kPa
P = 1.295(0.85)(-0.88) – 1.295(-0.55)
P = 0.162 kPa
Third Floor Level
P = 1.221(0.85)(-0.3) – 1.221(0.55)
P = 0.159 kPa
ANALYSIS OF THE TRUSS (WIND LOAD CALCULATION)

## Design Wind Pressure on windward side = -1.162kPa

Wind load on interior top chord joint windward side = design wind
pressure on windward side x purlin spacing x bay
= -1.162 kPa (1m) (5.5m) = -6.391 kPa

Wind load on exterior and ridge top chord joint windward side =
design wind pressure on windward side x purlin spacing/2 x bay
= -1.162 kPa x 1m/2 x 5.5m = -3.1955 kN

## Design wind pressure on leeward side = -0.286 kPa

Wind Load on interior top chord joint leeward side = design wind
pressure on leeward side x purlin spacing x bay
= -0.286 kPa (1m) (5.5m) = -1.573 kN

Wind load on exterior and ridge top chord joint leeward side =
design wind pressure on leeward side x purlin spacing/2 x bay
= -0.286 kPa (1m/2) (5.5m) = -0.7865 kN
Computation of Truss Weight
Using L150×150×20 for top chord and bottom chord and
L100×100×16 for web members
Properties L150×150×20 L90×90×13
Weight (kg/m) 44 17
Area (mm2) 5600 2170
Depth (mm) 150 90
Width (mm) 150 90
Thickness (mm) 20 13
I (103 mm4) 11600 1600
S (103 mm3) 110 25.6
r (mm) 45.5 27.2
x or y (mm) 44.8 27.2

## Top Chord Length = 25.32 m (2) = 50.64 m

Bottom Chord Length = 25.08 m (2) = 50.16 m TRIBUTARY AREA
Tributary length = 5.5 m
Total Length = 100.8 m A = (5.5 m) (2.03 m) = 11.165 m2
Web Members Total Length = 78.19 m A = (5.5 m) (1.02 m) = 5.61 m2
A = (5.5 m) (0.51 m) = 2.805 m2
A = (5.5 m) (1.53 m) = 8.415 m2
W = 44 kg/m (100.8m) (9.81 m/s2) + 17 kg/m(78.19 m)(9.81 m/s2)

56.549 𝑘𝑁
50 𝑚
Roof sheet = 0.05 kPa from NSCP 2010 Table 204-2
Point Load = 2.26196 kN (Refer to Fig.1)
Purlins = 0.1 kPa from International Journal of = (0.91245 + 1.3442) kN
Research in Engineering and
Load in top chord joint (at ridge and internal top chord joint) = 2.2567 kN
Technology, IJRET
Bracing = 0.015 kPa from International Journal of Load in top chord joint (at support top chord joint)
Research in Engineering and
= 1.3442 kN + 0.91245 kN
Technology, IJRET
Load in top chord joint (at support top chord joint) = 2.2567 kN
Insulation = 0.0009 kPa from NSCP 2010 Table 204-2
Point loads at the bottom chord joint due to self-weight = self-weight
distributed in bottom chord x panel spacing along bottom chord
WDL = 0.1659 kPa
= 0.6721 kN/m x 2m
PTOTAL = W DL (purlin spacing) (bay)
Point loads at the bottom chord joint due to self-weight = 1.3442 kN
PTOTAL = 0.1659 (1.01) (5.5)
Load in bottom chord joint (at internal bottom chord joint) = 1.3442kN
PTOTAL = 0.9216 kN (Refer to Fig.2)
1.3442 𝑘𝑁
Load in bottom chord joint (at support bottom chord joint) =
2
67.21 kN
Self-weight truss = 50m = 0.6721 kN
Self-weight truss = 1.3442 kN/m Load at support joint = 2.2567 kN + 0. 6721 kN = 2.9288 kN
Total 1.3442 kN/m = 0.6721 kN/m top chord
0.6721 kN/m bottom chord

## Point loads at the top chord joint due to self-weight = self-weight

distributed into top chord x panel spacing along top chord
= 0.6721 kN/m x 2m
Point loads at the top chord joint due to self-weight = 1.3442 kN
Load in top chord joint (at ridge and internal top chord joint)
From Table 205-3 Minimum Roof Live Loads (NSCP 2010)
Tributary area (most critical) = 11.165 m2
Tributary Length= 5.5 m
1.01 𝑚
Live load at Node A= 1(5.5 m) ( )= 1(5.5 m) (0.51 m) =2.81 kN
2

## Live load at Nodes B-N= 1(5.5 m) (1.01 m) = 5.56 kN (Refer to Fig.3)

Weight of purlins = 11.31 kg/m(9.81m/s2)(1.02m) = 0.1132 kN/m
Try LC150x50x20x6 Roof Dead Load = 0.1659 kPa (1 m) = 0.1659 kN/m
Theoretical Mass (kg/m) 11.31 Uniform Live Load, W LL
Area (mm) 1441 Uniform Live Load = 1 kN/m2 (1 m) =1 kN/m
Depth (mm) 150 Bending stress fbx due to DL and LL
Flange Width (mm) 50 W x = (0.2791 + 1)cos 9.09
Flange Thickness (mm) 6 W x = 1.2630 kN/m
Web Thickness (mm) 20
Ix (106 mm4) 4.191
Sx (103 mm3) 55.9
rx (mm) 53.9
Iy (106 mm4) 0.354
Sy (103 mm3) 10.1
ry (mm) 15.7
x (mm) 14.9

## Spacing of truss on centers (L) = 5.5 m

Spacing of purlins on centers = 1.01 m

By Moment Method
𝑊𝑥𝐿2 1.2630 𝑘𝑁/𝑚(5.5 𝑚)2
Mx = = = 4.7757 kN m
8 8
𝑀𝑥 4.7757 𝑘𝑁 𝑚
fbx = = 55.9 𝑥 103 𝑚𝑚3 = 85.433 MPa
𝑆𝑥

## Bending stress fby due to DL and LL

W y = (0.2791 + 1) sin 9.09 85.433 𝑀𝑃𝑎 75.633 𝑀𝑃𝑎
+ ≤1
163.68 𝑀𝑃𝑎 186 𝑀𝑃𝑎
Wy = 0.2021 kN/m
0.5220 ≤ 1 (safe)

## Therefore, use LC150x50x20x6 for purlins

By Moment Method
𝑊𝑦𝐿2 0.2021 𝑘𝑁/𝑚(5.5 𝑚)2
My = = = 0.7642 kN m
8 8
𝑀𝑦 0.7642 𝑘𝑁 𝑚
fby = = 10.1 𝑥 103 𝑚𝑚3 = 75.663 MPa
𝑆𝑦

## Checking for Compactness

𝑏𝑓 170

2𝑡𝑓 √𝑓𝑦
50 𝑚𝑚 170

2(6 𝑚𝑚) √248
4.17 ≤ 10.7950 (compact section)
𝑑 1680

𝑡𝑤 √𝑓𝑦
152 𝑚𝑚 1680

20 𝑚𝑚 √248
7.6 ≤ 106.68 (compact section)
Use Fbx = 0.66Fy = 0.66(248 MPa) = 163.68 MPa
Fby = 0.75Fy = 0.75(248 MPa) = 186 MPa
𝑓𝑏𝑥 𝑓𝑏𝑦
+ ≤1
𝐹𝑏𝑥 𝐹𝑏𝑦
DESIGN OF SAG ROD

## No. of purlins= 24 Using three-moment equation:

Spacing of purlins= 1.01m −𝑊𝐿2 −0.0204 ×5.5²
MB= = = 0.0514 kN-m
12 12
Space between trusses= 5.5m
2.75
Fy= 248 MPa MB= 2.75 R1 – 0.0204 (2.75) ( )
2

Fu= 400 MPa (From NSCP 2010) 0.0512= 2.75 R1 – 0.0203 (2.75) (1.375)
Weight of purlins= theoretical mass × 9.81m/s2 R1= 0.0467 kN (reaction at sag rod at mid span)
= 8 kg/m × 9.81 m/s2 Total load on the critical sag rod, it will support the 24 purlins:
= 0.07848 kN/m T= 24R = 24(0.0467) = 1.1208 kN
A= 0.33𝐹 = = 8.49 mm2
𝑈 0.33 ×400
= 0.05 kN/m2 × 1.01m
2
𝜋𝑑
= 0.0505 kN/m A= 4

## Tangential component of the loads 2

𝜋𝑑
8.49= 4 d= 3.29 mm
WT= (0.0505 + 0.07848) sin 9.09°
therefore, use 9mm dia. sag rod
WT= 0.0204 kN/m
LOADS OF THE TRUSS -3.2275 cos9.09 = -3.1870 kN
Vertical Loads: -1.5887 cos9.09 = -1.5687 kN
Wind Load at B= -0.5099 kN y-component (Refer to Fig.6)
Wind Load at A& C-M= -1.0198 kN -6.4549sin9.09 = -1.0198 kN
Wind Load at N= -0.6354 kN -3.2275 sin 9.09 = -0.5099 kN
Wind Load at Z& O-X= -0.2510 kN -1.5887 sin 9.09 = -0.2510 kN
Wind Load at Y= -0.1255 kN -0.7944 sin 9.09 = -0.1255 kN
Live Load at A & Z= 2.81 kN
Live Load at B-Y= 5.56 kN

## Horizontal Loads at each purlin

For Wind Loads at each purlin (Refer to Fig.4) A= -6.3738 kN
(-1.162) (5.5)(1.01) = -6.4549 kN B= -3.1870 kN
[ (-1.162) (5.5)(1.01) ] ÷ 2 = -3.2275 kN Purlin (bet. B & C) = -6.3738 kN
(0.286) (5.5)(1.01) = -1.5887 kN C= -6.3738 kN
[(0.286) (5.5)(1.01)] ÷ 2 = -0.7944 kN Purlin (bet. C & D) = -6.3738 kN
D= -6.3738 kN
x-component (Refer to Fig.5) Purlin (bet. D & E) = -6.3738 kN
-6.4549cos9.09 = -6.3738 kN E= -6.3738 kN
Purlin (bet. E& F) -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. Ñ & O) = -1.5687 kN
F= -6.3738 kN O= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. F & G) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. O & P) = -1.5687 kN
G= -6.3738 kN P= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. G & H) -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. P & Q) = -1.5687 kN
H= -6.3738 kN Q= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. H & I) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. Q & R) = -1.5687 kN
I= -6.3738 kN R= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. I & J) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. R & S) = -1.5687 kN
J= -6.3738 kN S= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. J & K) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. S & T) = -1.5687 kN
K= -6.3738 kN T= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. K & L) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. T & U) = -1.5687 kN
L= -6.3738 kN U= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. L & M) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. U & V) = -1.5687 kN
M= -6.3738 kN V= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. M & N) = -6.3738 kN Purlin (bet. V & W) = -1.5687 kN
N= 2.4026 kN W= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. N & NG) = -1.5687 kN Purlin (bet. W & X) = -1.5687 kN
Ñ= -1.5687 kN X= -1.5687 kN
Purlin (bet. X & Y) = -1.5687 kN I= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN
Y= -0.7844 kN Purlin (bet. I & J) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN
Z= -1.5687 kN J= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN
Purlin (bet. J & K) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN
Total Vertical Loads at each purlin (Refer to Fig.7) K= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN
A= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 + 2.81= 4.97376 kN Purlin (bet. K & L) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN
B= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.5099 + 5.56 kN= 8.23366 kN L= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN
Purlin (bet. B & C) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. L & M) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN
C= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN M= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN
Purlin (bet. C & D) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. M & N) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN
D= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN N= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.6354 + 5.56 = 8.10816 kN
Purlin (bet. D & E) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. N & Ñ) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
E= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN NG= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
Purlin (bet. E& F) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. Ñ & O) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
F= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN O= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
Purlin (bet. F & G) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. O & P) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
G= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN P= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
Purlin (bet. G & H) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. P & Q) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
H= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -1.0198 +5.56= 7.72376 kN Q= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
Purlin (bet. H & I) = 0.9216 +-1.0198 + 5.56 = 5.4618 kN Purlin (bet. Q & R) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
R= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN Transferring the vertical load from the purlins in between to the
purlins at joints (Refer to Fig.8)
Purlin (bet. R & S) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
A= 4.97376 kN
S= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
B= 10.9646 kN
Purlin (bet. S & T) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
C= 13.1856 kN
T= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
D= 13.1856 kN
Purlin (bet. T & U) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
E= 13.1856 kN
U= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
F= 13.1856 kN
Purlin (bet. U & V) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
G= 13.1856 kN
V= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
H= 13.1856 kN
Purlin (bet. V & W) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
I= 13.1856 kN
W= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
J=13.1856 kN
Purlin (bet. W & X) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
K= 13.1856 kN
X= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 8.49256 kN
L= 13.1856 kN
Purlin (bet. X & Y) = 0.9216 + -0.2510 + 5.56 = 6.2306 kN
M= 13.1856 kN
Y= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.1255 + 5.56 = 8.61806 kN
N= 13.9544 kN
Z= 0.9216 + 2.26196 + -0.2510 + 2.81 = 5.74256 kN
NG= 14.7232 kN
O= 14.7232 kN
P= 14.7232 kN
Q= 14.7232 kN
R= 14.7232 kN
S= 14.7232 kN
T= 14.7232 kN
U= 14.7232 kN
V= 14.7232 kN
W= 14.7232 kN
X= 14.7232 kN
Y= 11.7334 kN
Z= 5.74256kN
∑ 𝑽: 354.365kN
COMPUTATION FOR REACTIONS (Refer to Fig.9) CALCULATIONS FOR ALLOWABLE LOAD (ROOF TRUSS)
Try 150x150x20
∑ 𝑀y= 0
Properties of 150x150x20
4.97376 kN (49m) + 10.9646 kN (48m) + 13.1856 kN Mass (kg/m) 44.0
(46+44+42+40+38+36+34+32+30+28+26 m) + 13.9544 kN (24m) + Area (mm ) 2 5600
14.7232 kN (22+20+18+16+14+12+10+8+6+4+2 m) - 4.97376 kN (1m) Depth (mm) 150
+ 5.74256 kN
Width (mm) 150
(0.16+0.32+0.48+0.64+0.8+0.96+1.12+1.28+1.44+1.6+1.76+1.92+2.0 4
I (x10mm ) 11.6
8+2.24+2.4+2.56+2.72+2.88+3.04+3.2+3.36+3.52+3.68 m) + 3.1870 3
(3.84m) – 0.7844 (3.84m) – S (x10mm ) 110
1.5687(0.16+0.32+0.48+0.64+0.8+0.96+1.12+1.28+1.44+1.6+1.76+1. rx (mm) 45.5
92+2.08+2.24+2.4+2.56+2.72+2.88+3.04+3.2+3.36+3.52+3.68 m) + ry (mm) 29.3
0.1478(0.16 m) – 48By=0 ẋ or ẏ 44.8
8458.47417 kN-m= 48m By
Check for slenderness ratio:
By = 177 kN 𝑘𝐿 0.5(2.03𝑚)(1000𝑚𝑚)
= = 22.307
∑ 𝑉-By=Yy 𝑟𝑥 45.5𝑚𝑚

## 354.365 – 177= 177.365 kN 𝑘𝐿 0.5(2.03𝑚)(1000𝑚𝑚)

= = 34.6416
Yy = 177.365 kN 𝑟𝑦 29.3𝑚𝑚
𝑘𝐿
Use = 34.6416 (bigger slenderness ratio)
𝑟
2𝜋 2 𝐸 2𝜋 2 (200𝑥109 )
𝐶𝑐 = √ = √ = 126.17
𝐹𝑦 24𝑥106
Allowable Tensile stress
Allowable compressive stress Fa= 0.6 Fy 0.6 (248MPa) = 148.8 MPa
𝑘𝐿 𝑃
Since < 𝐶𝑐 , Allowable load Fa=𝐴
𝑟
𝑘𝐿
1 𝐹𝑦 P= Fa (A) (2)
Use 𝐹𝑎 = [1 − 2 ( 𝐶 )2 ] 𝐹𝑆
𝑟
𝑐 P= (148.8) (5600 mm2) (2)
𝑘𝐿 𝑘𝐿 P= 1666.56 kN
5 3 𝑟 1 𝑟 3
𝐹𝑆 = + ( ) − ( )
3 8 𝐶𝑐 8 𝐶𝑐 Try 90x90x13
5 3 34.6416 1 34.6416 3 Properties of 90x90x13
𝐹𝑆 =
+ ( )− ( ) Mass (kg/m) 17
3 8 126.1694 8 126.1694
𝐹𝑆 = 1.7670 Area (mm2) 2170
1 34.6416 2 248𝑀𝑃𝑎 Depth (mm) 90
𝐹𝑎 = [1 − ( ) ]
2 126.1694 1.7670 Width (mm) 90
𝐹𝑎 = 135.0575 𝑀𝑃𝑎 I (x10mm4) 1.60
𝑃 rx (mm) 27.2
𝐹𝑎 =
𝐴 ry (mm) 17.6
𝑃
135.0575 𝑀𝑃𝑎 = ẋ or ẏ 27.2
1𝑚
5600𝑚𝑚2 (1000 𝑚𝑚)2 (2)
Check for slenderness ratio:
𝑷 = 𝟏𝟓𝟏𝟐. 𝟔𝟒𝟒𝟐 𝒌𝑵 𝑘𝐿 0.5(2.03𝑚)(1000𝑚𝑚)
= = 37.3162
𝑟𝑥 27.2𝑚𝑚
𝐹𝑎 = 121.6189 𝑀𝑃𝑎
𝑘𝐿 0.5(2.03𝑚)(1000𝑚𝑚)
= = 57.6405
𝑘𝐿 𝑃
Use = 34.6416 (bigger slenderness ratio) 𝐹𝑎 =
𝑟
𝐴
𝑃
121.6189 𝑀𝑃𝑎 =
𝐶𝑐 = √
2𝜋 2 𝐸
= √
2𝜋 2 (200𝑥109 )
= 126.17 1𝑚
2170𝑚𝑚2 ( )2 (2)
𝐹𝑦 24𝑥106 1000 𝑚𝑚
𝑃 = 𝟓𝟐𝟕. 𝟖𝟐𝟔𝟏 𝒌𝑵
Allowable compressive stress
𝑘𝐿 Allowable Tensile stress
Since < 𝐶𝑐 ,
𝑟 Fa= 0.6 Fy 0.6 (248MPa) = 148.8 MPa
𝑘𝐿
1 𝐹𝑦 𝑃
Use 𝐹𝑎 = [1 − 2 ( 𝐶 )2 ] 𝐹𝑆 𝑟
𝑐
𝑘𝐿 𝑘𝐿 P= Fa (A) (2)
5 3 1
𝐹𝑆 = + 8 ( 𝐶 ) − 8 ( 𝐶𝑟 )3
𝑟
P= (148.8) (2170 mm2) (2)
3 𝑐 𝑐
P= 645.792 kN
5 3 57.6705 1 57.6705 3
𝐹𝑆 = + ( )− ( )
3 8 126.1694 8 126.1694
𝐹𝑆 = 1.8261
1 34.6416 2 248𝑀𝑃𝑎
𝐹𝑎 = [1 − ( ) ]
2 126.1694 1.8261
METHOD OF SECTION (determination of maximum bar force for At section e-e:
tension and compression)
∑ 𝑀𝐸 = 0
For bottom chord:
177 (6) – 120.1276 (0.96) – 4.97376 (7) – 10.9646 (6) – 13.1856 (2+4)
+ 6.3738 (0.16+0.32+0.48+0.64+0.8+1.12) + 3.1870 (0.96) – ef
(0.558573818) = 0
ef = 1418.71 kN T < 1666.56 kN (SAFE) (maximum bar force for
tension members)

At section d-d:
∑ 𝑀𝐷 = 0
177 (4) –120.1276 (0.64) – 4.97376 (5) – 10.9646 (4) – 13.1856 (2) +
6.3738(0.16+0.32+0.48+0.8) + 3.1870(0.64) – de (0.3989812986) = 0
de= 1376.70 kN T < 1666.56 kN (SAFE)

At section f-f:
177 (8) – 120.1276 (1.28) – 4.97376 (9) – 10.9646 (8) –
13.1856(2+4+6) + 6.3738 (0.16+0.32+0.48+0.64+0.8+0.96+1.12+1.44)
+ 3.1870(1.28) – fg (0.7181663374) =0
fg= 1410.75 kN T < 1666.56 kN (SAFE)
For top chord: For diagonal members:

At section e-e:
At section m-m: ∑ 𝑀𝐴 =0
∑ 𝑀𝑁 =0 3.1870 (1) + 13.1856 (3+5+7) + 120.1276 (0.16) – 6.3738
(0.16+0.32+0.48+0.64+0.8+0.96+1.12) – 177 (1) + Ef (2.278025064)
MN sin 9.09 (2) + MN cos 9.09 (3.68) + 177(24) -120.1276 (1.92) –
=0
4.97376 (25) -10.9646 (24) -13.1856
(22+20+18+16+14+12+10+8+6+4+2) + 6.3738 (2) + 3.1870 (1.92) + Ef= -6.43 kN
6.3738 (1.52+1.2+0.88+0.56+0.24) – 6.3738
Ef= 6.43 kN C < 527.8261 kN (SAFE)
(0.08+0.40+0.72+1.04+1.36+1.68)=0
MN= -481.71 kN
MN= 481.71 kN C < 1512.6442 kN (SAFE)
At section m-m: NG= 481.71
∑ 𝑀𝐴 =0 ∑ 𝐹𝑦 at N =0
120.7276 (0.16) – 177 (1) + 3.1870 (1) + 13.1856 481.71 sin 9.09 (2) = Nn + 13.9544 kN
(3+5+7+9+11+13+15+17+19+21+23) – 6.3738
(0.16+0.32+0.48+0.64+0.8+0.96+1.12+1.28+1.44+1.6+1.76+1.92+2.0 Nn= 138.252 kN T < 645.792 kN (SAFE)
8+2.24+2.4+2.56+2.72+2.88+3.04+3.2+3.36+3.52+3.68) + Mn
(17.60315857) =0
Mn= -82.35 kN
Mn= 82.35 kN C 527.8261 kN (SAFE) (maximum bar force for
compression members)

## For vertical members:

∑ 𝐹𝑋 at N =0
481.71cos 9.09 =NG cos 9.09
BEAM ANALYSIS
DESIGN OF BEAMS
Size of CHB = 0.15 m
Concrete masonry unit for CHB = 21.2 kN/m3
Plastering = 0.24 kPa
Wall load = (size of CHB)(height of wall)(concrete masonry) + 2(height For longitudinal section (Refer to Fig.11)
of wall)(plastering)
Wall load (1) = (0.15m)(3m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3m)(0.24 kPa)
For transverse section (Refer to Fig.10)
Wall load (1) = 10. 98 kN/m FEM= 22.88 kN (span: 5m)
Wall load (1) = (0.15 m)(4 m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(4 m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (2) = (0.15m)(3m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (1) = 14.64 kN/m FEM= 43.92 kN (span: 6m)
Wall load (2) = 10.98 kN/m FEM= 25.22 kN (span:5.25m)
Wall load (2) = (0.15 m)(3.53 m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3.53 m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (3) = (0.15m)(3m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (2) = 12.9198 kN/m FEM= 38.76 kN (span: 6m)
Wall load (3) = 10.98 kN/m FEM= 11.21 kN(span:3.5m)
Wall load (3) = (0.15 m)(2.58 m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(2.58 m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (4) = (0.15m)(3m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (3) = 9.4428 kN/m FEM= 44.26 kN (span: 7.5m)
Wall load (4) = 10.98 kN/m FEM= 27.68 kN(span:5.5m)
Wall load (4) = (0.15 m)(1.39 m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(1.39 m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (5) = (0.15m)(3m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (4) = 5.0874 kN/m FEM= 23.847 kN (span: 7.5m)
Wall load (5) = 10.98 kN/m FEM= 18.53 kN(span:4.5m)
Wall load (5) = (0.15 m)(3 m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3 m)(0.24 kPa)
Wall load (6) = [(0.15m)(3m)-(0.15m)(1.75m)][21.2 kN/m3] +[(2)(3m)-
Wall load (5) = 10.98 kN/m FEM= 49.41 kN (span:6m) (2)(1.75m)][0.24 kPa]
Wall load (6) = (0.15 m)(3 m)(21.2 kN/m3) + 2(3 m)(0.24 kPa) Wall load (6) = 4.58 kN/m≈5 kN/m FEM=11.48 kN(span:5.25m)
Wall load (6) = 10.98 kN/m FEM= 51.1875 kN (span:7.5m) Wall load (7) = [(0.15m)(3m)-(0.15m)(1.75m)][21.2 kN/m3] +[(2)(3m)-
(2)(1.75m)][0.24 kPa]
Wall load (7) = 4.58 kN/m≈5 kN/m FEM= 10.42 kN(span:5m)
BEAM ANALYSIS 𝑤𝐿2 0.220 (62 )
Mbeam= 12 = = 0.66 kN-m
12
From the MDM, choose the maximum moment:
Mrecomputed= Mrequired + Mbeam
Longitudinal maximum moment= 15kN-m
Mrecomputed= 27.68 kN-m + 0.66 kN-m
Transverse maximum moment= 27.68 kN-m
Mrecomputed= 28.34 kN-m
Therefore use 27.68 kN-m as Mrequired 𝑀𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑑 28.34×103 𝑁−𝑚
Sx recomputed= = = 1.731×10-4 mm3
Assume compact section 𝐹𝑏 163.68×106

Fb= 0.66Fy Fy=248 MPa(For A-36 steel grade) Sx supplied > Sx recomputed

## Fb= 0.66(248 MPa) Check for compactness

𝑏𝑓 170 152.10 170
Fb= 163.68 MPa ≤ ? 11.52 > 10.8
2𝑡𝑓 √𝐹𝑦 2(6.6) √248
𝑀𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 27.68×103
Sx required= = 163.68×106 × 10002= 169.11×103 mm3 Therefore, non-compact
𝐹𝑏
𝑑 1680 152.10 1680
Try W6x15 ≤ ? 11.52 < 106.68
𝑡𝑤 √𝐹𝑦 5.80 √248
Properties of W6x15
Therefore, compact
Weight (kg/m) 22.48 (x103
Ix mm4) 12.112
Verification of Fb
Area (mm2) 2858 Sx (x103 mm3) 159
Depth (mm) 152.10 rX (mm) 65.10 Lb=6m
Web thickness (mm) 5.80 Iy (x103 mm4) 3879 200𝑏𝑓 200(152.10)
Flange width (mm) 152.10 Sy (x103 mm3) 51 Lc= = = 1931. 67 mm
√𝐹𝑦 √248
Flange thickness (mm) 6.60 ry (mm) 36.84
rT (mm) 40.89 137900 137900
Lu= 𝑑 = 152.10 = 3669 mm
( )(𝐹𝑦 ) ( )(248)
𝐴𝑓 152.10×6.6

## Sx supplied= 159×103mm3 Lb > Lc and Lb > Lu

Wbeam=22.48 kg/m (9.81 m/s2)=220.5288 N/m or 0.220 kN/m Use Case 2
𝐿 3516330 𝑐𝑏 𝑀 𝑀 therefore, use the larger value between Fb2 and Fb3 ≤ 0.6 Fy
>√ where 𝑐𝑏 = 1.75 + 1.05 𝑀1 + 0.3 𝑀1
𝑟𝑇 𝐹𝑦 2 2
1172100 𝑐𝑏
Fb2 = 𝐿 2
( )
 From the most stressed beam 𝑟𝑇

∑ 𝑀𝐴 = 0 117210×0.4
Fb2 = 6000 2 = 21.775 MPa
( )
40.89
40.589 + 12.919(6)(3) = 40.859 + RB (6) 82740 𝑐𝑏
RB = 38.757 kN Fb3 = 𝑑
𝐿( )
𝐴𝑓

∑ 𝐹𝑦 = 0 Fb3 =
82740×0.4
= 36.41 MPa
152.10
6000( )
152.10×6.6

## 38.757 + RA =12.919 (6) Therefore, use Fb3

RA = 38.757 kN
Fb3 ≤ 0.6 𝐹𝑦 𝐹𝑦 =248 MPa

## 36.41 MPa < 148.8 MPa – SAFE

Therefore, use W6x15 for the beam

−40.859 −40.859
Cb= 1.75 + 1.05 ( 40.859 ) + 0.3 ( 40.859 )

Cb= 0.4

3516330×0.4
√ = 75.309
248

𝐿 6000
= 40.89 = 146.74
𝑟𝑇

𝐿 3516330𝑐𝑏
>√
𝑟𝑇 𝐹𝑦
COLUMN ANALYSIS
COLUMN ANALYSIS

Maximum length for tributary area (transverse section) = 5.25m For Point Loads (Transverse Section)
Maximum length for tributary area (longitudinal section) = 7.5m At Second Floor Level:
Height of each floor level= 3m P= (0.137 kPa) (5.25m) (3m)
Wind loads (uniformly distributed, Windward side): P= 2.16 kPa
Second Floor Level= 0.137 kPa At Third Floor Level:
Third Floor Level= 0.159 kPa P= (0.159kPa) (5.25m) (3m)
Fouth Floor Level= 0.168 kPa P= 2.50 kPa
At Fourth Floor Level:
P= (0.168 kPa) (5.25m) (3m)
P= 2.65 kPa
At Second Floor Level:
P= (0.137 kPa) (7.5m) (3m)
P= 3.08 kPa
At Third Floor Level:
P= (0.159kPa) (7.5m) (3m)
P= 3.58 kPa
At Fourth Floor Level:
P= (0.168 kPa) (7.5m) (3m)
P= 3.78 kPa
ANALYSIS OF COLUMN KL < Cc
r
Try W12 x 72 1 𝐾𝐿/𝑟 2 𝐹𝑦
Weight (kg/m) 107.08 Use Fa = [1- ( )]
2 𝐶𝑐 𝐹𝑠
Area (mm2) 13612.876
Depth (mm) 311.20 5 3 𝐾𝐿/𝑟 1 𝐾𝐿/𝑟 3
Web thickness (mm) 10.90 Fs = 3 + ( )-8( )
8 𝐶𝑐 𝐶𝑐
Flange Width (mm) 305.80 5 3 55.037 1 55.037 3
=3+ (
8 126.17
) - (
8 126.17
)
Flange thickness (mm) 17.00
Ix (x 103 mm4) 248.490 Fs = 1.820
Sx (x 103 mm4) 1597
1 55.037 2 248
rx (mm) 135.11 Fa = [1- ( )]
2 126.17 1.820
Iy (x 103 mm4) 81.165 Fa = 123.30 MPa
Sy (x 103 mm4) 531
ry (mm) 77.22

KL = 0.5(8500) = 55.037
ry 77.22

KL = 0.5(8500) = 31.456
rx 135.11

Cc= √ =√
𝐹𝑦 (248𝑥106 )
Cc = 126.17

## Use KL = 55.037 (bigger slenderness ratio)

R
10.98 (7.5) 5(7.5) 5(7.5) and
R1’y= + +
2 2 2
R1’y= 97.29 kN 137900 = ____137900____ = 9288.795 mm
311.20
10.98 (5) 10.98 (5) (d/Af) Fy [ ](248)
A’y= + (305.80)(17)
2 2
Since Lb > Lc, use Fb= 0.6Fy = 0.6(248) = 148.8
A’y=52.8 kN
P= RBy + 1y + Ay + 1’y + A’y
fa + fb ≤ 1.0
Fa Fb
RBy-reaction from truss
1y – axial on transverse (Portal)
Ay – axial on longitudinal (Portal) 24.13 + 33.74 ≤ 1.0
123.30 148.8
1’y – axial on transverse (MDM)
A’y – axial on longitudinal (MDM) = 0.422< 1

P= 328.49 Kn

## fa = P = 328.49 (1000) = 24.13 MPa

A 13,612.876

1000𝑁
𝑀 53.88 𝑘𝑁.𝑚 ( )
1𝑘𝑁
fb =𝑆𝑥 = 1 𝑚 = 33.74 MPa
1597 𝑥 103 𝑚𝑚3 ( )3
1000 𝑚𝑚
M- maximum moment from MDM
*Allowable bending stress
Check Lb and Lc ; where in Lc is the smallest value of:

## 200bf = 200( 305.80) = 3883.66 mm

√𝐹𝑦 √248
Try W8 x 15
P= RBy + 1y + Ay + 1’y + A’y
Area (mm2) 2864.51
Flange Width (mm) 101.981
Flange thickness (mm) 8.001
Depth (mm) 205.994
Sx (x 103 mm4) 193
rx (mm) 82.55
ry (mm) 22.250

KL = 0.5(8500) = 191.01
ry 22.250

KL = 0.5(8500) = 51.48
rx 82.55

## 2𝜋2 𝐸 2𝜋2 (200𝑥109 )

Cc= √ =√
𝐹𝑦 (248𝑥106 ) RBy-reaction from truss
Cc = 126.17 1y – axial on transverse (Portal)
Ay – axial on longitudinal (Portal)
Use KL = 191.01 (bigger slenderness ratio) 1’y – axial on transverse (MDM)
R A’y – axial on longitudinal (MDM)
KL > Cc
10.98 (7.5) 5(7.5) 5(7.5)
r R1’y= + +
2 2 2
12𝜋2 𝐸
Use Fa = R1’y= 97.29 kN
𝐾𝐿 2
23( ) 10.98 (5) 10.98 (5)
𝑟 A’y= +
2 2
9
12𝜋2 (200𝑥10 ) A’y=52.8 kN
Fa = = 28.23MPa
23(191.01)2
P= 177 + 0.75 + 0.65 + 97.29 + 52.80 =5.94 > 1
P= 328.49 kN
Therefore, Section W8 x 15 is UNSAFE
fa = P = 328.49 (1000) = 114.67 MPa
A 2864.51 Try W10 x 68

1000𝑁
Weight (kg/m) 107.49
53.88 𝑘𝑁.𝑚 ( )
𝑀
fb=𝑆𝑥 = = 1𝑘𝑁
= 279.17 MPa Area (mm2) 12903
3 3 1𝑚
193 𝑥 10 𝑚𝑚 ( )3 Depth (mm) 264.26
1000 𝑚𝑚
Web thickness (mm) 11.90
*Allowable bending stress Flange Width (mm) 257.30
Check Lb and Lc ; where in Lc is the smallest value of: Flange thickness (mm) 19.60
Ix (x 103 mm4) 163995
200bf = 200( 101.981) = 1295.16 mm Sx (x 103 mm4) 1241
√𝐹𝑦 √248 rx (mm) 112.74
Iy (x 103 mm4) 55775
and
Sy (x 103 mm4) 434
137900 = ____137900____ = 2202.529 mm ry (mm) 65.75
205.994
(d/Af) Fy [
(101.981)(8.107)
](248)

KL = 0.5(8500) = 64.639
ry 65.75
Since Lb > Lc, use Fb= 0.6Fy = 0.6(248) = 148.8
Checking for Adequacy KL = 0.5(8500) = 37.697
rx 112.74
fa + fb ≤ 1.0
Fa Fb
2𝜋2 𝐸 2𝜋2 (200𝑥109 )
Cc= √ =√
114.67 + 279.17 ≤ 1.0 𝐹𝑦 (248𝑥106 )
28.23 148.8 Cc = 126.17
RBy-reaction from truss
Use KL = 64.639 (bigger slenderness ratio) 1y – axial on transverse (Portal)
R Ay – axial on longitudinal (Portal)
KL < Cc 1’y – axial on transverse (MDM)
r A’y – axial on longitudinal (MDM)

## 1 𝐾𝐿/𝑟 2 𝐹𝑦 10.98 (7.5) 5(7.5) 5(7.5)

Use Fa = [1- ( )] R1’y= + +
2 𝐶𝑐 𝐹𝑠 2 2 2
R1’y= 97.29 kN
10.98 (5) 10.98 (5)
5 3 𝐾𝐿/𝑟 1 𝐾𝐿/𝑟 3 A’y= +
Fs = 3 + ( )- ( ) 2 2
8 𝐶𝑐 8 𝐶𝑐 A’y=52.8 kN
5 3 64.639 1 64.639 3
=3+ (
8 126.17
) -8( )
126.17
Fs = 1.842
P= 177 + 0.75 + 0.65 + 97.29 + 52.80
1 64.639 2 248 P= 328.49 Kn
Fa = [1- ( )]
2 126.17 1.842
Fa = 116.967 MPa fa = P = 328.49 (1000) = 25.46 MPa
A 12903mm2
P= RBy + 1y + Ay + 1’y + A’y
1000𝑁
𝑀 53.88𝑘𝑁.𝑚 ( )
1𝑘𝑁
fb =𝑆𝑥 = 1 𝑚 = 43.42 MPa
1241 𝑥 103 𝑚𝑚3 ( )3
1000 𝑚𝑚

## *Allowable bending stress

Check Lb and Lc ; where in Lc is the smallest value of:

## 200bf = 200( 257.30) = 3267.71 mm

√𝐹𝑦 √248
and
137900 = ____137900____ = 10613.92 mm
264.20
(d/Af) Fy [
(257.30)(19.60)
](248)

fa + fb ≤ 1.0
Fa Fb

116.967 148.8

= 0.509 < 1

## Therefore, Section W10 x 68 is SAFE

*Section W12 x 72 and W10 x 68 are both safe but use W10 x
68 because it is more economical
1
DESIGN OF BASE PLATE * Δ= (0.95d- 0.80bf) (2) (AISC Eq.14-2)
1
Δ= (250.99-205.84) (2)
Δ= 22.575s
* N= √𝐴2 + Δ
N= √67,978.66 + 22.575
N= 283.30 say 284 mm
Width of Base Plate
A2 = BN
67,978.66 mm2 = B (284 mm)
B= 259.36 say 260 mm
Thickness of Base Plate
𝑃 338,490 𝑁
fP= 𝐵𝑁 = 1 = 4.58 MPa
(260)(284)( )2
1000𝑚𝑚
4.58 MPa < 7.254 MPa
fP < FP
N=0.95d + 2×m B=0.8bf + 2×n
284= 250.99 + 2×m 260=205.84 +2×n
m= 16.505 mm n=27.08 mm
√𝑑𝑏𝑓
n’= (AISC eq.14-4)
4
√264.20×257.30
Full area of concrete pier is covered by base plate: n’= = 65.18 mm
4
FP= 0.35 f’c Since n’>m and n, use n’
FP= 0.35 (20.7 MPa) 𝑓
t=2n’√𝐹𝑃
FP= 7.245 MPa 𝑏

## Required area: 4.58

𝑃 338,490 𝑁 t= 2(65.18) (√ 248 ) = 17.715 ≈18 mm
A1= 𝐹 = 7.245 𝑀𝑃𝑎= 46,720.50 mm2
𝑃
therefore, use 18-mm thick base plate and use 260x284x18 mm
A2= dbf = 257.30 (264.20) = 67,978.66 mm2
base plate
A2 > A1
DESIGN OF ANCHOR BOLTS

## Using 6-20mm anchor bolts on each side

Maximum moment from MDM at beam: 53.44 kN-m Tallowable = AsFb (NSCP 2010 Section 510.4-3)
𝜋
Maximum moment from Portal Method: 1.56 kN-m 2
Tallowable = 4 (20) (148.8 MPa) (6)
Total moment= 53.44 kN-m + 1.56 kN-m= 55 kN-m Tallowable = 280.481 kN
Assuming the anchor bolts will carry the full moment: Since Tallowable > Tactual – SAFE
M= 250.99 Tactual Use 6-20 mm diameter anchor bolts
1000 𝑁 1000𝑚𝑚
250.99 Tactual= 24.03 kN-m ( )( ) S=
500−6(20)
= 63.33 mm
1 𝑘𝑁 1𝑚
6
Tactual = 95.74 kN Spacing of the bolts should be 63.33 mm
Computation for Tallowable:
Fb= 0.6 Fy = 0.6 (248 MPa) = 148.8 MPa
DESIGN OF CONNECTION FOR TRUSS MEMBERS
From Table 510.3.2
No. of bolts Fnv = 330 MPa
Fnt = 620 MPa

Shear Capacity
P = 1418.17 kN
𝜋
1418.17 kN = 4 (20 mm2) (330 × 103 kN/m2) (2) (n)
n=6.83 say 7 bolts

Try diameter=22mm
𝜋
1418.17 kN = 4 (22 mm2) (330 × 103 kN/m2) (2) (n)
n= 5.65 say 6 bolts

## Use 6-22mm diameter bolts

3192.75 𝑘𝑁−𝑚𝑚 (45𝑚𝑚)
fb= 3.4212×106 𝑚𝑚4
BEAM- COLUMN CONNECTION 1000𝑚𝑚 2
fb=0.042 kN/mm2 ( )
1𝑚
fb=42 MPa
f b < Fb
42MPa < 117 MPa—SAFE

## Tensile stress of most stressed bolt using A325-22mm dia.

𝜋
Ix= 4 (22mm2)[4(45mm)2+4(15mm)2]
Ix= 3.42×106 mm4

## Allowable shear capacity of A-325 bolts=117 MPa

M=Pmax (75mm)
M= 42.57 kN (75mm)
M=3192.75 kN-mm

𝑀𝑐
fb= 𝐼
SUMMARY

Truss
Top chord L150x150x20
Bottom chord L150x150x20
Purlins LC150x50x20x6
Web members L90x90x13
Sagrod 9mmØ
Beam W6x15
Column W10x68
Base Plate 260x284x18
6-20mmØ A325
Anchor bolts
Bolts
Truss member 6-22mmØ A325
connections Bolts
Beam-Column
20mmØ A325 Bolts
Connections
DESIGN BASIS

AND

CRITERIA