16 views

Uploaded by Tristin Soriano

yup

save

You are on page 1of 6

Laboratory Report

**Dennelyne Grace F. Soriano, Phil Justine C. Soriano,
**

Tristin Jahaira T. Soriano, Paz Eugenedil I. Soringa

Abstract familiarize the use of vernier caliper and

micrometer caliper and compare the accuracy

This experiment compared and of the devices

explored errors, uncertainties in measuring the

dimensions and height of the sphere and the 2. Theory

cylinder through the use of three devices. The

three instruments used are the ruler, vernier In measuring, mistakes or errors can

caliper, and the micrometer caliper. At the end happen due to incorrect calculations due to

of the experiment, results showed that the improper use of a formula. In every measuring

vernier caliper produced the least % error and instrument, there is a certain amount of

gave the most accurate measurement among uncertainty in it. One rule is that the

the three measuring devices while the uncertainty of a measuring device is 50%. One

micrometer caliper gave the most precise example that is used in the experiment is a

measurement. Vernier caliper which it has a 0.01 least count.

In computing for a certain

1. Introduction measurement, one should always follow a

certain formula in order to get its accurate

Physics is defined to be the study of measurement.

energy and forces. As science evolves, new

and various discoveries, theories and equations In computing for the volume of a

have been produced which explain events cylinder, the formula is:

around us. This is because of the recorded

measurements.

The purpose of measurement is to

provide information about a quantity. All

measurements have errors. There are two

different types of errors. They are referred to

as precision and accuracy. A measurement is

precise if it obtains similar results with

repeated measurement. A measurement is

accurate if it is close to the truth with repeated

measurement.

In this experiment, students are

expected to: (1) study errors and how they

propagate in simple experiments (2)

30 cm h = 5. The group used different formulas in getting the difference between the measurements of the given tools. Using a micrometer caliper Object Dimensions in cm Sphere d = 1.207 cm h = 5. Results and Discussion Table 1. Object Dimensions in cm and the known value. or also called as the Experimental value. the formula is: both the metal sphere and metal cylinder.08 cm Table 3. The group used three different measuring materials ( foot rule. The . The approximate percentage if the value from its original value is called the Percent Error. It Table 2. more commonly known Sphere d = 1. micrometer caliper. In computing for the volume of a diameter. Vernier caliper. metal cylinder and a metal sphere. Gram balance was also used to get the mass of the objects.24 cm h = 5. gram balance. The formula for the Percent Error is: Cylinder d = 1. Vernier caliper) to compare their accuracy and the objects to be measured are a metal cylinder and a metal sphere.58 cm as the Theoretical value. Using a ruler Object Dimensions in cm Sphere d = 1.08 cm 3. Using a Vernier caliper determines the difference between a measured value. and mass was measured on sphere. micrometer caliper. Methodology The group used a foot rule. height.00 cm When measuring objects with different devices. 4.619 cm Cylinder d = 1.60 cm Cylinder d = 1. it may result to minimal errors.

14 2. get the desired measurements of the objects by and percent error.63 6. The vernier caliper gave us using a ruler. 5. Conclusion We used the measurements we got A vernier caliper and a micrometer from the first three tables using the ruler.70 9% 1% 4% der num cm3 cm3 cm3 g/cm g/cm g/cm3 3 3 g/cm3 error and the vernier Table 4.3 g 6.1% 7% e cm3 cm3 cm3 g/cm g/cm g/cm3 3 3 g/cm3 Cylin alumi 16. the object must be placed properly 0.66 2. computed density.2 g 2.87 4% 0.81 2.46 2.1% error after measuring the sphere. Table 4 shows subsequent values obtained through computation. The micrometer caliper gives a more precise measurement than . Determining the density Table 1-3 shows the comparison of caliper gave us the lowest number of percent initial values obtained from using the ruler. it takes an effort to get the precise computed using the constant formula for the and accurate measurements desired.86 7. caliper are devices that are used to measure vernier caliper and micrometer caliper to internal and external distances more precisely. error. The do not check its calibration.30 7. when needed.06 2. It gave us a caliper. theoretical density. vernier caliper and micrometer caliper. We got estimations. In order to volume.57 7. We have to calibrate the instruments and the cylinder consecutively using the like the micrometer caliper before we start micrometer caliper.81 2.13 5. ruler gave us the highest number of percent Objec Type Mass Volume (cm3) Computed Density Theoret Percent Error t of (g) (g/cm3) ical Materi Density al R VC MC R VC MC (g/cm3) R VC MC Spher Iron 16. compute for the density in the last table. must be precise and 7% and 4% error after measuring the sphere sensible. We got a 4% and a 9% measuring because there is a greater chance of error after measuring the sphere and the having a higher rate of percentage error if we cylinder consecutively using the ruler. a vernier caliper and micrometer the least number of percent error. We However.22 7. and a before reading the measurement and that 1% error after measuring the cylinder.

in principle. Random errors . Errors of this type results in measured values that Post Laboratory Questions are consistently too high or 1.nmsu. affected by the least count of the observational. There are . is the an error in judgement of the difference between the observer to read the scale of the observed or approximately measuring device. recording a measurement.1% on the sphere and 1% on be too high and one-half to be the cylinder.the ruler and the vernier caliper. Application eliminated. forget a digit produces the measurement with the when reading a scale or least amount of uncertainty. The accuracy of a too low. but the vernier three types of errors according caliper gives a more accurate measurement. and have precision and accuracy. Systematic errors are due to identified causes and can. Which among the three measuring consistently too low.edu: systematic used are great measuring tools because they errors.Error. Possible sources of device because it provides the random errors are: extent of the device to read the Observational and most accurate measurement of an Environmental. environmental measuring device? and theoretical. The 2. A blunder is an object. to the website We therefore conclude that the instruments we physics. be 6. devices give you the least % error? Systematic errors may be of Is the accuracy of a measurement four kinds: instrumental. A person result to have the least % error is may record a wrong value. Sources of random measurement is greatly affected by errors cannot be always the least count of the measuring identified. Although the expected outright mistake. What do you mean by error? What group committed all kinds of are the types of errors? What are error. as defined by as too high but there was also dictionary. determined value and the true value of a quantity.Among the three measuring are positive and negative devices. blunders.com. or make similar blunder. random errors. The micrometer caliper the errors you encountered in this was not calibrated which experiment? resulted to the measured value . the vernier caliper gives us fluctuations that cause about the least % error which has an error one-half of the measurement to of 0. the micrometer caliper for it misread a scale.

is said to have once uses this conversion: 1 kg = 2. % Error = |Theoretical Value .2046 pounds.The expression foot-long means “a foot (12 inches) in length.05mm . The exact length varied according to whose arm was being used and could be from 18 to 22 inches.” A cubit was a measurement based on the forearm from elbow to fingertip. quantity of some dry measure. A student weigh himself using a measured in fathoms. Give other parts of the body that are being used for measurements even today. “hand” was a measurement of three inches. “the elbow. Fathom.) vernier caliper that reads 3. Miners use bathroom scale calibrated in the term to describe an area equal kilograms.2 been a formal unit of measure equal pounds? The standard kilogram is to one-forty-eighth of an inch.” The same is true of digit in modern English. Sketch a. In Latin.2046 – 2. digitus could mean either “finger” or “toe. What is the percentage according to the Online Etymology error in his reported weight if he Dictionary. Old English faethm. People use the digits of their hands to count to ten. was “the length of the outstretched arm” about six feet. 3.Experimental Value| X This measurement is still used to 100 reckon the height of horses. What are some properties to be a standard of measurement? b.2| X 100 2. A equal to 2. Water depth is 4. Handful is an indeterminate . Digit. from Latin cubitum.” Cubit.2046 = 0. in pounds. but now it is four inches. such .48cm Theoretical Value = |2.) a micrometer caliper that reads 7.2 % 5. Hairbreadth. He reported his weight to six square feet.

References Maddox. Again. to take rough measurements.org/en/modules/Activities/p Precision and accuracy are some 04/p04-error4.S. was “the distance between errors. Retrieved from the World Wide Web the thumb and little finger of an on February 5.U. Retrieved from .html 7.wisc.html] whose hand. (2005. that can be held in the http://www. (nd).” roughly nine [http://www. 2017. in Old N. M. it all depended on 0g/html/ERRORS.dailywritingtips. extended hand.com/body-parts- cupped hand. Span. 08 30). as grain. 2017.M. Body parts as tools for measurement. The expression rule Instrument uncertainty and least count.edu/lab/manual/no de4.physics. Retrieved from http://badger. Winokur.lepla. Thumb was probably the basis of the measurement now Lepla Org.htm] properties to be a standard of measurements. [http://www.edu/research/lab11 inches. A Greek word for as-tools-of-measurement/ “handful” is the origin of the Greek coin called a drachma.physics. M. (nd). of thumb probably originated with Retrieved from the World Wide Web on carpenters who used their thumbs February 5. (2014).nmsu. Errors and Statistics: called an inch. Errors and Uncertainties. Types of experimental English.

- P1+MechanicsUploaded byObakoma Josiah
- incertitudes-analyse-dimensionnelle.pdfUploaded byAlem
- INSIZE 2012EUploaded byonur.sezer
- E Section US 1003 Height MasterUploaded byLucian Bocia
- Bb101 Chapter 1 Physical Quantities and MeasurementUploaded byAidi Amar
- L0_Measurement basics.pdfUploaded byVivekOjha
- Catalogo2012 INSIZEUploaded byKaki Gonzalez
- CHAPTER 1Uploaded byhari
- project narrativeUploaded byapi-436046355
- Chapter 1Uploaded byAdron Lim
- Chapter_1-3Uploaded byBabyin Low
- Rosscraft Products UpdateUploaded byFT Adolfo
- Physics Lab Report Expt 1 FinalUploaded byKim Alexi Salcedo
- Chapter 1 Introduction to Science DocUploaded bySanjif Saravanan
- Woodworking Tools 1600-1900Uploaded bybcooper477
- Reliability Accuracy and ValidityUploaded bysharanya
- ch1Uploaded byDelfin Valdez
- Guidance Note C_B_ENV 002, July 02Uploaded byMitha Arianti
- THREAD.docxUploaded byChristopher Morgan
- aUploaded bybettersideofme
- PocketBalancer(3)Uploaded byJose Luis Rattia
- E1951.137950-1Uploaded bySarvesh Mishra
- Chapter 01 Power PointUploaded byIbrahim El-nagar
- HRUploaded byAsjad Khan
- RecoveryUploaded byhandoyo_eko20017573
- CIVL 2510 - LAB1 - Hydraulic JumpUploaded bymax
- Biases in Modern Audio Quality Listening TestsUploaded byJoão Veludo
- ASTM G12Uploaded byJairo Arroyo
- Measurement Scale.pptxUploaded bysoni
- shu sas1Uploaded byapi-278838777

- TRAZADO SOBRE SUPERFICIE METALICA 2-2.pdfUploaded bylaga2009
- VernierUploaded byJoseph Roy
- PatronesUploaded byGuillermo Dominguez Gallegos
- Branches of PhysicsUploaded byRam Prasad
- VernierUploaded byAlberto Díaz
- Trabajo de medicionesUploaded byJuan Jose Bazalar Carreño
- Qué Son Los Instrumentos de MediciónUploaded byAlejandro Romero Olivier
- Bevel ProtractorUploaded byinfant199218
- Medición Lineal y Ángular Metro.Uploaded byAlfredo Robles Sánchez
- AIE 217 - MetrologyUploaded byRokib Hasan Sagar
- Sains t1 Pp1 b1 2017 EngUploaded bymadarakun
- Metrologia Utp Enero-Abril2012Uploaded byjorgeivanloco
- Instrumentacion - MepUploaded byRodolfo Cutire Condori
- 02 MetrologíaUploaded byAnonymous u3NipIQlY
- Estudiio Del Trabajo IIUploaded byNoris Guzmán
- Informe Final Fisica i.........Uploaded byAnonymous Id55jak
- 50 instrumentos cientificosUploaded byNelson Ramirez
- Manual de Laboratorio de Física I de la FIEE UNACUploaded byHerber Manza Chávez
- Alat UkurUploaded byMaz Dhieen
- SCIENCE.pdfUploaded byDayanand Gowda Kr
- InvestigacionUploaded byMaria Fda Rodriguez
- El VernierUploaded byPablo Daniel Noe Ayala
- Manual Curso Metrología.docUploaded byAlejandro Araya Tordoya
- Metrology Lab Manual 2016-2017Uploaded byMazhar Hussain
- Study PackUploaded byMonisaAslam
- Practica I El CalibradorUploaded byGer Manuel
- texto dibujo mecanicoUploaded byMigger Micky Copajira XD
- Medición y CalibraciónUploaded byAbraHam Cueto LoayZa
- expUploaded byTristin Soriano
- Factores de FormaUploaded byMarcia KI