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MANOJ CHAUHAN SIR(IIT-DELHI)


EX. SR. FACULTY (BANSAL CLASSES)
EXERCISE–I
With usual notations, prove that in a triangle ABC:
bc ca a b
Q.1   0 Q.2 a cot A + b cot B + c cot C = 2(R + r)
r1 r2 r3
r1 r2 r3 3 r1  r r2  r c
Q.3    Q.4  
(s  b) (s  c) (s  c) (s  a ) (s  a ) (s  b) r a b r3
abc A B C C C
Q.5 cos cos cos =  Q.6 (r1 + r2)tan = (r3  r) cot = c
s 2 2 2 2 2
BC CA AB
Q.7 (r1 r) (r2 r)(r3 r) = 4 R r2 Q.8 (r + r1)tan +(r + r2)tan +(r + r3) tan =0
2 2 2
1 1 1 1 a 2  b 2  c2
Q.9     Q.10 (r3+ r1) (r3+ r2) sin C = 2 r3 r2 r3  r3r1  r1r2
r2 2
r1 r2
2
r3
2
2

1 1 1 1  1 1   1 1   1 1  4R
Q.11    Q.12       
bc ca ab 2Rr  r r   r r   r r  r 2s 2
 1 2 3
2
bc  r2 r3 ca  r3r1 ab  r1r2 1 1 1 1  41 1 1 
Q.13   =r Q.14          
r1 r2 r3 r r r r  r  r1 r2 r3 
 1 2 3
Q.15 Rr (sin A + sin B + sin C) =  Q.16 2R cos A = 2R + r – r1
A B C s2 a 2  b2  c 2
Q.17 cot + cot + cot = Q.18 cot A + cot B + cot C =
2 2 2  4
Q.19 Given a triangle ABC with sides a = 7, b = 8 and c = 5. If the value of the expression

 sin A   cot A  can be expressed in the form qp where p, q  N and qp is in its lowest form find
 2
the value of (p + q).
Q.20 If r1 = r + r2 + r3 then prove that the triangle is a right angled triangle.
Q.21 If two times the square of the diameter of the circumcircle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares
of its sides then prove that the triangle is right angled.
Q.22 In acute angled triangle ABC, a semicircle with radius ra is constructed with its base on BC and tangent
to the other two sides. rb and rc are defined similarly. If r is the radius of the incircle of triangle ABC then
2 1 1 1
prove that, =   .
r ra rb rc
Q.23 Given a right triangle with A = 90°. Let M be the mid-point of BC. If the inradii of the triangle ABM
and ACM are r1 and r2 then find the range of r1 r2 .
Q.24 If the length of the perpendiculars from the vertices of a triangle A, B, C on the opposite sides are
1 1 1 1 1 1 1
p1, p2, p3 then prove that + + = = + + .
p1 p2 p3 r r1 r2 r3

bc ca ab  a b   b c   c a  
Q.25 Prove that in a triangle r  r  r  2R  b  a    c  b    a  c   3 .
1 2 3       

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ANSWER KEY
SOLUTIONS OF TRIANGLE
EXERCISE–I
1 
Q.19 107 Q.23  , 2
2 

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ETOOS Academy Pvt. Ltd. : F-106, Road No. 2, Indraprastha Industrial Area, End of Evergreen Motors 3
(Mahindra Showroom), BSNL Office Lane, Jhalawar Road, Kota, Rajasthan (324005)