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Hidden Secrets of Power Mechanisms

I do not mention Montesquieu because of sentimental,

but purely practical reasons. I suggest anyone -
who intends to engage in politics -
to read Chapter VI of Book XI in The Spirit of the Laws1.
It's better to do it earlier, than during political retirement
or banishment.

Everyone knows how a traditional, mechanical clock is built -

it's many larger and smaller gearwheels.
Speaking of the state, Montesquieu also distinguishes
three such main elements: legislative, executive,
and judicial powers.
They are separate beings,
but connected by movement. Turning off one of them
does not help the clock.

There are clocks using various drives -

says the French thinker.
Democracy is fueled by virtue, monarchy - by honor,
and despotism - fear.

Montesquieu proposes not to propel states

with the wheel of fortune, but fortune -
with the wheels of power.


1 The Spirit of the Laws is a treatise on theory of government, as well as a pioneering work in comparative
law, published in 1748 by Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu