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FORMULA SHEET ADSP FINAL (F17

)

∝ BS: ℎ𝐷 (𝑛) = 𝛿(𝑛) −
sin 𝑛𝜔𝑐2 − sin 𝑛𝜔𝑐1 2 1 1
𝑝 𝑛𝜋 |𝐻𝑎 (𝑗Ω𝑝 )| = 2𝑁
=
1 + (Ω𝑝 /Ω𝑐 ) 1 + 𝜀2
||𝑥||𝑝 = √∑ |𝑥(𝑛)𝑝 |
𝛼𝑝 = −20 log10 (1 + 𝛿𝑝 )
𝑛=0 1 1
|𝐻𝑎 (𝑗Ω𝑠 )|2 = = 2

𝛼𝑠 = −20 log10 (𝛿𝑠 ) 1 + (Ω𝑠 /Ω𝑐 )2𝑁 𝐴
𝑢(𝑛) = ∑ 𝛿(𝑛) 𝜔𝑠 + 𝜔𝑝 log10 (1/𝑘1 )
𝜔𝑐 = 𝛼𝑠 𝑁=
𝑛=0 2 log10 (1/𝑘)
𝛿(𝑛) = 𝑢(𝑛) − 𝑢(𝑛 − 1) Hanning: Ω𝑐 𝑁
𝐻𝑎 (𝑠) =
1 8𝜋 ∏𝑁
𝑙=1(𝑠 − 𝑝𝑙 )
𝑥𝑐𝑠 (𝑛) = [𝑥(𝑛) + 𝑥 ∗ (−𝑛)] ∆𝑀𝐿 = , 𝛼 ≤ 43.9𝑑𝐵
2 2𝑀 + 1 𝑠 𝜋(𝑁+2𝑙−1)
1 1 2𝜋𝑛 𝑝𝑙 = Ω𝑐 𝑒 𝑗[ 2𝑁
]

𝑥𝑐𝑎 (𝑛) = [𝑥(𝑛) − 𝑥 ∗ (−𝑛)] 𝜔(𝑛) = [1 + cos ( )]
2 2 2𝑀 + 1 2 1 − 𝑧 −1
𝑆= ( )
1 Hamming: 𝑇 1 + 𝑧 −1
𝑥𝑒𝑣 (𝑛) = [𝑥(𝑛) + 𝑥(−𝑛)]
2 Ω𝐶
8𝜋 𝐻𝑎 (𝑠) = (for N=1)
1 ∆𝑀𝐿 = , 𝛼 ≤ 54.5𝑑𝐵 𝑠+Ω𝐶
𝑥𝑜𝑑𝑑 (𝑛) = [𝑥(𝑛) − 𝑥(−𝑛)] 2𝑀 + 1 𝑠
2 Ω𝐶 2
2𝜋𝑛 𝐻𝑎 (𝑠) = (for N=2)
𝜔(𝑛) = 0.54 + 0.46 cos ( ) 𝑠 +(√2Ω𝐶 )𝑠+Ω𝐶 2
2
1 + cos 2𝜃
cos 𝜃 = 2 2𝑀 + 1
2 Ω𝐶 3
Blackman: 𝐻𝑎 (𝑠) = (for N=3)
(𝑠+Ω𝐶 )(𝑠 2 +Ω𝐶 𝑠+Ω𝐶 2 )
2
1 − cos 2𝜃
sin 𝜃 = 12𝜋
2 1 − 𝛼 1 + 𝑧 −1
∆𝑀𝐿 = , 𝛼 ≤ 75.3𝑑𝐵 𝐻𝐿𝑃 (𝑧) = ( )
∝ 2𝑀 + 1 𝑠 2 1−∝ 𝑧 −1
FT: 𝑋(𝑗Ω) = ∫−∝ 𝑥𝑎 (𝑡)𝑒 −𝑗Ω𝑡 𝑑𝑡
2𝜋𝑛
1 ∝ 𝜔(𝑛) = 0.42 + 0.5 cos ( ) 1 + 𝛼 1 − 𝑧 −1
IFT: 𝑥𝑎 (𝑡) = ∫ 𝑋(𝑗Ω)𝑒 𝑗Ω𝑡 𝑑𝑡
2𝜋 −∝
2𝑀 + 1 𝐻𝐻𝑃 (𝑧) =
2
(
1−∝ 𝑧 −1
)
4𝜋𝑛
+ 0.08 cos ( )
DTFT: 𝑋(𝑒 𝑗𝜔 ) = ∑∝𝑛=−∝ 𝑥(𝑛)𝑒 −𝑗𝜔𝑛 2𝑀 + 1 1 − 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜔𝐶
𝛼=
1 𝜋 Kaiser: 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜔𝐶
IDTFT: x(n) = ∫ 𝑋(𝑒 𝑗𝜔 )𝑒 𝑗𝜔𝑛 𝑑𝑡
2𝜋 −𝜋
𝛼𝑠 − 7.95 1−𝛼 (1 − 𝑧 −2 )

𝑗2𝜋𝑘𝑛 𝑁≥ 𝐻𝐵𝑃 (𝑧) =
DFT: X(k) = ∑𝑁−1
𝑛=0 𝑥(𝑛) 𝑒 𝑁 14.36 ∆𝑓 2 1 − 𝛽(1+∝)𝑧 −1 + 𝛼𝑧 −2

= ∑𝑁−1 𝑘𝑛
𝑛=0 𝑥(𝑛) 𝑊𝑁 0≤𝑘 ≤𝑁−1 𝛽=0 , if 𝛼𝑠 ≤ 21𝑑𝐵 𝜔𝑜 = cos −1 𝛽
𝑗2𝜋
𝛽 = 0.5842(𝛼𝑠 − 21)0.4 + 0.07886(𝛼𝑠 − 2𝛼
𝑊𝑁= 𝑒 − 𝑁 𝐵𝑤 = 𝜔𝑐2 − 𝜔𝑐1 = cos −1 ( )
21), if 21dB≤ 𝛼𝑠 ≤ 50𝑑𝐵 1 + 𝛼2
1 1 1 1
𝛽 = 0.1102(𝛼𝑠 − 8.7) , if 𝛼𝑠 ≥ 50𝑑𝐵 1 + 𝛼 (1 − 2𝛽𝑧 −1 + 𝑧 −2 )
1 −𝑗 −1 𝑗 𝐻𝐵𝑆 (𝑧) =
𝑊4= [ ] 2 1 − 𝛽(1 + 𝛼)𝑧 −1 + 𝛼𝑧 −2
1 −1 1 −1
1 𝑗 −1 −𝑗 2𝑛 2
𝛼 = 𝛽 √1 − [ ]
1 𝑗2𝜋𝑘𝑛 𝑁−1
IDFT: x(n) = ∑𝑁−1
𝑘=0 𝑋(𝑘) 𝑒 𝑁
𝑁 𝐿 2
(𝛽/2)𝑘
𝜔0 𝑁 = 2𝜋𝑅 𝐼𝑜 (𝛽) = 1 + ∑ [ ]
𝑘!
𝑘=1
𝐿𝐶𝑀 (𝑁𝑎 , 𝑁𝑏 )
𝑁= 𝐼𝑜 (𝛼)
𝐺𝐶𝐷 (𝑁𝑎 , 𝑁𝑏 ) 𝜔(𝑛) =
𝐼𝑜 (𝛽)
Periodic: 𝜀𝑥 = ∑∝𝑛=0 |𝑥(𝑛)|2
IIR:
𝑁−1
1
𝑃𝑥 = ∑ |𝑥(𝑛)|2 2 𝜔
𝑁 Ω= tan ( )
𝑛=0 𝑇 2
Aperiodic: 𝑃𝑥 = lim
1
∑𝑘𝑛=−𝑘|𝑥(𝑛)|2 𝛼𝑠 = 10 log10 (1/𝐴2 )
𝑘→∞ 2𝑘+1

2𝜋𝑓 𝛼𝑝 = 10 log10 (1/1 + 𝜀 2 )
FIR: 𝜔 = , ∆𝜔 = 𝜔𝑠 − 𝜔𝑝
𝐹𝑇
Ω𝑝
1 𝑘=
LP: ℎ𝐷 (𝑛) = sin 𝑛𝜔𝑐 Ω𝑠
𝑛𝜋
1
𝜀
HP: ℎ𝐷 (𝑛) = 𝛿(𝑛) − sin 𝑛𝜔𝑐 𝑘1 =
𝒏𝝅 √𝐴2 −1
sin 𝑛𝜔𝑐2 − sin 𝑛𝜔𝑐1
BP: ℎ𝐷 (𝑛) =
𝑛𝜋