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AE 302 AERODYNAMICS II Spring 2018

HOMEWORK 2
(Due Tuesday January 30, 2018- in class)

Use MATLAB for creating the plots in the following problems. Attach the code
listing along with the assignment.

1. (2.5 points) The major characteristics of a medium range aircraft is given


in the table below.

CHARACTERISTICS VALUE
Gross Weight 140000 lb
Wing Area 2335 f t2
Maximum Thrust 38000 lb
CDo 0.015
K 0.048
CLmax 2.05

a) Assume the aircraft is flying at sea level. Plot the drag-to-weight ratio(D/W)
as a function of true airspeed in mph. Locate the maximum thrust to weight ratio
on the plot.
b) Use the plot done in part (a) to find the minimum and the maximum airspeeds
in mph. Are these speeds physically attainable? Justify your answer.
c) Calculate analytically the minimum and the maximum airspeeds and compare
them with the results obtained in part(b).
d) Calculate the maximum lift-to-drag ratio and compare it with the value ob-
tained from the plot.

2. (2 points) An airplane has a wing span(b) of 18 ft, wing planform area(S)


of 37.8 f t2 and a gross weight of 1000 lb at takeoff. The drag polar for the airplane
is,
CD = 0.025 + 0.05CL 2

CL CL 1/2 CL 3/2
a) Calculate the maximum values of , and .
CD CD CD
b) Calculate the velocities at which they occur at sea level and at an altitude of
30,000 ft.

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c) Plot the zero-lift drag and drag due to lift curves(See fig. 5.12 in Anderson)
for a range of velocities and an altitude of 30,000ft. Mark V CL  , V CL 1/2 
CD
max CD
max
and V CL 3/2
 on the plot. For each case indicate the value of the ratio R =
CD
max
Zero-lift drag/Drag due to lift.

3. (2.5 points) a) For a straight level flight at an altitude of 30,000 ft, use the
data from problem 5.1, but W = 85000 lb and S = 850 f t2 .For a range of speeds,
200f t/s ≤ V∞ ≤ 1200f t/s, plot curves

CL CL 1/2 CL 3/2
, ,
CD CD CD
b) Repeat the calculations of example 5.10 (using the T-38 data to obtain the
slope of V, D curve after drag divergence) and find the maximum speed if TA =
8000 lb

4. (2 points) An aircraft has a weight of 10,000 lb (g = 32.1 f t/s2 ) and thrust


angle  = 0o . Assume that the trajectory of the aircraft is vertical spiral with radius
r2 = 2000ft parallel to the ground, roll(bank) angle is φ = 30o and climb angle of
θ = 3o . It is given that when the aircraft executes this motion the required thrust
is 8000 lb and that the constant speed of flight is V∞ = 250 f t/s, and tangent to
the circular path.
a) Find the drag, lift required and the radius of rotation.

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b) For the flight case shown in the figure above, where, ψ = θ = 0 and φ = 30o ,
the Euler equations are simple, because φ̇ = θ̇ = ψ̇ = 0 and p = q = r = 0, reducing
to:

~ = mu˙E = 0 → (T = D)
X

Y~ + mg sin φ = mv˙E = 0
For this flight condition find the force along y direction.

5. (1 point) An airplane of mass m = 2175 slugs in a horizontal level flight


with  = 0 and V∞ = 500 f t/s, starts a pull-up maneuver in order to reach height
h = 1000 ft in time t = 5 seconds. The lift during the pull-up maneuver is L =
120,000 lb. Calculate the angle with the horizontal and the radius of the rotation
(r1 ).