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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

DESIGN OF ONE-WAY SLAB (ACI CO-EFFICIENT METHOD)

For ACI coefficient method there are following limitations:

1. There are two or more spans


2. Spans are approximately equal, with the longer of two adjacent spans not greater than the
shorter by more than 20%
3. Loads are uniformly distributed
4. The unit live load does not exceed 3 times the unit dead load
5. Members are prismatic

Question:

Design one way slab system, considering following data:

fc’ = 4000 psi IDL = 20 psf

fy = 60,000 psi LL = 100 psf

Note: Beam sizes mentioned here are designed in the coming steps.

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Calculations:

Since, we have a symmetric slab system. So we have to design only two panels (one exterior and one
interior).

1. EXTERIOR PANEL NO: 01

For this panel, one end is continuous and remaining three ends are discontinuous.

Minimum Thickness:

  ×
hmin = = = 7.5” (using table 13.1,from Nilson 13th edition)
 

Load calculations:

.
Weight of slab = × 150 = 93.75 psf


Total Dead load = Weight of slab + IDL = 93.75 + 20 = 113.75 psf

Factored Loads:

Dead = 1.2 x 113.75 = 136.5 psf

Live = 1.6 x 100 = 160 psf

wu = 296.5 psf

For this case the design moments at critical sections may be found using the ACI moment coefficients
(Using table 12.1, from Nilson 13th edition)

Note:

wn = total factored load per unit length of beam or per area of slab

ln = clear span for +ive moment and shear & the average of the two adjacent clear spans for the –ive
moment.

Assuming the column dimensions: Each column of 18” x 18”, thus clear span = 13.5’

 
At interior support: -M = wuln2 = x (0.2965) x (13.5)2 = 5.04 k-ft



 
At mid span: +M = wuln2 = x (0.2965) x (13.5)2 = 3.859 k-ft
 

 
At exterior support: -M = wuln2 = x (0.2965) x (13.5)2 = 2.251 k-ft
 

Now, from table A.8 we have 0.75ρb or ρmax = 0.0214

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

If that maximum value of ρ was used actually, the minimum required effective depth, controlled by the
negative moment at the interior support, would be found from equation 3.38 (Nilson 13th edition):

ØMn = Øρfybd2(1 − 0.59 )
 

 5.04×12
Or d2 =  = = 5.38
Ø (
.   ) 0.90×0.0214×60×12(1−0.590.0214×60
4
)


d = 2.319 in

This is less than the effective depth of 7.5 – 1.00 = 6.5 in. At the interior support, if the stress-block
depth a = 1.00 in., the area of steel required per foot of width in the top of the slab:

 .
 × 
#$ = ' = *.++ = 0.186 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(). )
( (

Checking the assumed depth a, one gets:

-. 
./)×)

,= = = 0.273 in

./ 
./××

A second trail will be made with a = 0.273 in, then

 .
 × 
#$ = ' = +.(01 = 0.176 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(). )
( (


.)
For which a = 0.273 × = 0.25 in. No further revision is necessary.

./)

At the other critical sections it will be satisfactory to use the same lever arm to determine steel areas
and,

At Mid span:

 2./ × 
#$ = ' = +.(01 = 0.134 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(). )
( (

At Exterior support:

 . × 
#$ = ' = +.(01 = 0.08 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(). )
( (

The minimum reinforcement is that required for control of shrinkage and temperature cracking. This is:

As = *0.0018 × b × h = 0.0018 × 12 × 7.5 = 0.162 in2

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

per 12 in. strip. This requires a small increase in the amount of steel used at the exterior support and at
mid span.

* From table 13.2, Nilson 13th edition

The factored shear force at a distance d from the face of the interior support is

56 7 8 296.5  13.5
34 = 1.15 × = 1.15 × = 2301 lb
2 2

The nominal shear strength of the concrete slab is:

Vn = Vc = 2:;< ′ bd = 2√4000 × (12) × (6.5) = 9866 lb

Thus the design strength of the concrete slab, ØVc = 0.75 × 9866 = 7399 lb, is well above the required
strength on shear of Vu = 2301 lb

Supports Exterior Panel Interior Panel


-ive Exterior Support # 3 @ 12” c/c # 3 @ 7” c/c
Mid span # 3 @ 9” c/c # 3 @ 10” c/c
-ive Interior Support # 3 @ 7” c/c # 3 @ 7” c/c

Figure:

The locations of bend and cutoff points shown in above figure were obtained using Figure 5.15 (From
Nilson 13th edition)

The required area of steel to be placed normal to the main reinforcement for the purpose of
temperature and shrinkage crack control is 0.162 in2. This will be provided by No. 3 bars at 8 in c/c
spacing (As = 0.17 in2), placed directly on the top of the main reinforcement in the positive moment
region and below the main steel in the negative-moment zone.

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2. INTERIOR PANEL NO: 02

For this panel, two ends are continuous and remaining two ends are discontinuous.

Minimum Thickness:

  ×
hmin = = = 6.4” (using table 13.1,from Nilson 13th edition)
/ /

Use 6.5” as minimum thickness.

NOTE: Now as for interior panel we have calculated hmin = 6.5” but exterior panel has 7.5”.

So for sake of economy we must have to check for exterior panel by taking hmin = 6.5”, whether for such
condition all requirements are fulfilled or not. If all checks (like shear) satisfy then there is no need to
provide 7.5” thick slab throughout.

But here this time we will proceed by taking 7.5” slab thickness even for the interior panel.

(Using table 12.1 from Nilson 13th edition), we have:

 
At interior support: -M = wuln2 = x (0.2965) x (13.5)2 = 5.40 k-ft
 

 
At mid span: +M = wuln2 = x (0.2965) x (13.5)2 = 3.37 k-ft
) )

Now, from table A.8 we have 0.75ρb or ρmax = 0.0214

If that maximum value of ρ was used actually, the minimum required effective depth, controlled by the
negative moment at the interior support, would be found from equation 3.38 (Nilson 13th edition):

ØMn = Øρfybd2(1 − 0.59 )
 

 5.40×12
Or d2 =  = = 5.76
Ø (
.   ) 0.90×0.0214×60×12(1−0.590.0214×60
4
)


d = 2.4 in

This is less than the effective depth of 7.5 – 1.00 = 6.5 in.

At the interior support, if the stress-block depth a = 1.00 in., the area of steel required per foot of width
in the top of the slab:

 .
× 
#$ = ' = *.++ = 0.2 in2
Ø(& ( )
.×)
(). )
(

Checking the assumed depth a, one gets:

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

-. 
.×)

,= = = 0.294 in

./ 
./××

A second trail will be made with a = 0.294 in, then

 .
× 
#$ = ' = +.(?@ = 0.188 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(). )
( (


.//
For which a = 0.294 × = 0.27 in. No further revision is necessary.

.

Use # 3 @ 7” c/c (Table A.6)

At the other critical sections it will be satisfactory to use the same lever arm to determine steel areas
and,

At Mid span:

 2.2 × 
#$ = ' = +.(?@ = 0.117 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(). )
( (

Use # 3 @ 10” c/c

The minimum reinforcement is that required for control of shrinkage and temperature cracking. This is:

As = *0.0018 × b × h = 0.0018 × 12 × 7.5 = 0.162 in2

Use # 3 @ 8” c/c

per 12 in. strip. This requires a small increase in the amount of steel used at mid span.

* From table 13.2, Nilson 13th edition

The factored shear force at a distance d from the face of the interior support is

5 6 78 296.5 × 13.5
34 = 1.15 × = 1.15 × = 2301 lb
2 2

The nominal shear strength of the concrete slab is:

Vn = Vc = 2:;< ′ bd = 2√4000 × (12) × (6.5) = 9866 lb

Thus the design strength of the concrete slab, ØVc = 0.75 × 9866 = 7399 lb, is well above the required
strength on shear of Vu = 2301 lb

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

DESIGN OF CONTINUONS BEAM

Using the ACI moment coefficients, design a typical continuous beam. Consider the figure below:

Assumptions

Assume the width of beam as 8”. (Assumption will be on the basis of the column dimensions)

 
Minimum thickness of beam (from Mac Cormaic, table 3.1) = = = 9.729 in. Assume a total
/. /.
depth of 15 (So assumed d = 15 – 2.5 = 12.5”) in and the web depth of 15 – 7.5 = 7.5 in.

Load calculations:

Since; we are dealing with one way slab system. And in actual the load distribution on one way slab
system is same as for the two way slab system (i.e., Triangular & trapezoidal distribution). But in field,
there is a practice for one way slab that load distribution is taken as rectangular.

But here, for the sake of practice we will take the load distribution for continuous beam as per two way
slab system load distribution.

Consider the figure showing load distribution:

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

 .
Volume of triangular portion of slab = [2 × ( × 7.5 × 7.5)] × = 35.156 cft
 

Load of triangular portion of slab = 35.156 × 150 = 5.27 k

.
UDL on beam (A) due to slab = = 0.35 k/ft


Live Load on triangular portion = 100 × (Area of triangular portion)


= 100 × [2 × ( × 7.5 × 7.5)] = 5.625 k


.)
UDL on beam (A) due to live load = = 0.375 k/ft


I.D.L on triangular portion = 20 × (Area of triangular portion)


= 20 × [2 × ( × 7.5 × 7.5)] = 1.125 k


.
UDL on beam (A) due to I.D.L = = 0.075 k/ft


Load due to self weight of beam (A) = (Volume of beam, exclusive of flange) × 150

/×.
=[( ) × 15] × 150 = 0.94 k
144

.
UDL on beam (A) due to Self-weight = = 0.062 k/ft


Factored = wu = 1.2(0.35 + 0.075 + 0.062) + 1.6(0.375) = 1.18 k/ft

Use 1.18 k/ft

Moment in the beam ABC:

The beam is continuous on five spans and symmetrical about the centerline at D. therefore it is
sufficient to design half of the beam ABCD, because the other half has similar dimensions and
reinforcement.

Note: If the adjacent spans are not equal and their span ratio is less than 1.2 then ACI moment
coefficients can be applied to the beam. Moreover, the average of the adjacent clear span is used to
calculate the negative moments at the supports.

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Moments at critical sections are calculated as follows;

Mu = coefficient × wuln2

Location 1 2 3 4 5 6
Moment      
- +  - + - +
Coefficient  
)  )
Mu (K.ft) -8.96 +15.36 -21.51 +13.44 -19.55 +13.44

ln = Clear span length

DETERMINE THE BEAM DIMENSIONS AND REINFORCEMENT

Maximum negative moment is -21.51 k-ft. using ρmax = 0.0214, Ru = 936.72 psi (Table A.14)

 .×
d=A =A = 5.87 in ------- (A)
B 
.2)×/

*Since calculate is less than assumed, so we will take the assumed value being on the safer side.
Otherwise we will end up with very small cross-section.

Here‘d’ is calculated on the bases of ρmax.

The section at the supports acts as rectangular sections with tension reinforcement placed in the flanges.
The reinforcement required at the supports is as follows:

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Figure:

Effective Flange Width of L-beam


 
(a) 
× L =  × 15 = 15” Use
(b) 6 × hf = 45”

(c) 
× l= 324”

Where; L = Span Length

l = Clear span length

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Location 1 3 5
Mu (K.ft) -8.96 -21.51 -19.55

Ru = ( (psi) 86.02 206.49 187.680
&
ρ (%) 0.18 0.4 0.36
As (in2) 0.18 0.4 0.36
No. 4 bars 2 3 2
Note:

• In Ru calculations‘d’ will be from equ. (A)


• For the calculation of ρ (%), divide the Ru with 0.9, then for that value of Rn see the value of ρ in
table A.14.
• While calculating As = ρ × b × d. And this d is actual d = 12.5, as mentioned above.

For the Mid span T-section, Mu = +15.36 k-ff. For a = 1.00 in. and flange width = 15”

 .2) × 
#$ = ' = * = 0.28 in2
Ø(& )
.×)
(. ()
(

-. 
./ × )

Check a; ,= = = 0.329 in

./ 
./××

Revised ‘a’ gives As = 0.276 in2. Therefore use 2 # 4 bars (As = 0.39 in2) for all mid span sections.

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

DESIGN OF SINGLE L-BEAM & T-BEAM

(a) T-Beam

Design T-Beam for the negative moment zone:

Note: First of all we will assume the cross section of the T-beam and then considering that section, we’ll
calculate the Mu and on the behalf of Mu we will calculated the d, now using that calculated d again
calculation of load on the beam would be our next step. Finally on this selected cross section design will
be done.

Assume bw = 16 in & d = 20.5 in

Load Calculations:

Load of slab on T-beam will come from both sides as;


.
Slab load = 150 × × 15 = 1.40 k/ft


IDL = 20 psf × 15 ft = 0.3 k/ft

)
Self load of beam (only web portion) = Web depth × 150 × -------------- (i)


Web depth = [(d + cover) – hf]/12 = [(20.5 + 3.5) – 7.5]/12 = 1.375 ft --------------- (ii)

Equation (i) gives:

)
Self load of beam = 1.375 × 150 × = 0.275 k/ft


L.L = 100 × 15 = 1.5 k/ft

Now:

wu = 1.2 (1.40 + 0.3 + 0.275) + 1.6 (1.5) = 4.77 k/ft ---------- (iii)

C  ( (.)× (2)( th
Mu = = = 486.93 k-ft ------- (iv)
 
(From Hibbler 6 edition, Table FEMs)

We have relation:

 /).2×
d=A =A = 19.7 in
B 
.2)×)

&
Now check ratio, it should be between 1.5 -2.0:


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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50


.
= = 1.28 < 1.5 So need to revise the ‘d’
)

Assume d= 24.5 in, and re-solving the equ. (ii), (iii) & (iv) we get:

wu = 4.848 k/ft


Mu = 494.9 k-ft So, Mn = = 549.88 k-ft

.

&
d = 20 in, less than the assumed & check is also OK


So no need to revise further more.

Cross section of T-Beam:

Effective Flange Width of T-beam


 
(a) × L = × 35 = 105” Use
 
(b) 12+ 2(8)hf = 12 + (2)(8)7.5 = 132”
(c) 35’ = 420”

Where; L = Span Length

DE
Assume lever arm z Equal to the Larger of 0.9d or (d - )
F

z = 0.9 × 24.5 = 22.05 in Use ----------------- (v)

.
z = 24.5 – = 20.75 in


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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Trail Steel Area

Asfyz = Mn

×/.//
As = = 4.97 in2
)
×.


Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 4.97 × 60

Ac = 87.85 in2

/./
a= = 0.836 in



Therefore the neutral axis is in the flange.


./2)
z = 24.5 – = 24.08”


Calculating As with this revised z

×/.//
As = = 4.5 in2
)
×.
/

Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 4.5 × 60

Ac = 79.41 in2

.
a= = 0.756 in




.)
z = 24.5 – = 24.12”


Calculating As with this revised z

×/.//
As = = 4.55 in2 OK, close enough to previous value.
)
×.

So use 6 # 8 bars, at –ive moment zone i.e, at supports

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

CHECKING MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT

2: G & 2 √

 )  .
As min = = = 1.239 in2
 )
,

G & 

 ) .
Or As min = = = 1.30 in2.
 )
,

Both < 4.0 in2

Checking for ρmax, Consider the figure:

Figure:

a = 0.85 × 14.52 = 12.34”

Ac = (7.5)(105) + (4.84)(16) = 864.94 in2 (12.34 - 7.5 = 4.84)

C = 0.85 × 4 × 864 = 2940 k


2
Maximum T =  (2940) = 2205 k > (4.0)(60) = 240 k OK

T-Beam Cross Section showing rebars at negative


moment area:

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Desigsn T-Beam for the positive moment zone:

Since; wu = 4.77 k/ft From Equ (iii)

Therefore; moment for mid span is:

C  ( (.)× (2)(
Mu = = = 243.46 k-ft
 


Mn = = 270.5 k-ft

.

Trail Steel Area

Asfyz = Mn Use z = 22.05, from equ (v)

×
.
As = = 2.45 in2s
)
×.


Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 2.45 × 60

Ac = 43.23 in2

2.2
a= = 0.411 in



Therefore the neutral axis is in the flange.


.
z = 24.5 – = 24.29”


Calculating As with this revised z

×
.
As = = 2.23 in2
)
×.

Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 2.23 × 60

Ac = 39.35 in2

2.2
a= = 0.37 in



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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50


.2
z = 24.5 – = 24.31”


Calculating As with this revised z


.
As = = 2.22 in2 OK, close enough to previous value.
)
.2

So use 3 # 8 (As = 2.35 in2) bars, at –ive moment zone i.e, at supports

T-Beam Cross Section showing rebars at Positive moment area:

(b) L-Beam

Design L-Beam for the negative moment zone:

The values of bw and d will be same as assumed for the T-beam. So bw = 10” and d = 15.5”

Load Calculations:

Load of slab on L-beam will come from both sides as;


.
Slab load = 150 × × 7.5 = 0.70 k/ft


IDL = 20 psf × 7.5 ft = 0.15 k/ft

Self load of beam (only web portion) = Web depth × 150 × -------------- (i-a)


Web depth = [(d + cover) – hf]/12 = [(15.5 + 2.5) – 7.5]/12 = 0.875 ft --------------- (ii-a)

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Equation (i) gives:

Self load of beam = 0.875 × 150 × = 0.109 k/ft




L.L = 100 × 7.5 = 0.75 k/ft

Now:

wu = 1.2 (0.7 + 0.15 + 0.109) + 1.6 (0.75) = 2.35 k/ft ---------- (iii-a)

C  ( (.2)× (2)( th
Mu = = = 239.89 k-ft ------- (iv-a)
 
(From Hibbler 6 edition, Table FEMs)

We have relation:

 2./×
d=A =A = 17.6 in
B 
.2)×

Since calculated‘d’ is more than assumed, so now take d = 17.6” and repeat the above steps, then equ
.(iii-a) and (iv-a) gives:

wu = 2.40 k/ft

C  ( (.
)× (2)(
Mu = = = 245.85 k-ft
 

We have relation:

 ./×
d=A =A = 17.7 in
B 
.2)×

So depth = 17.7 + 2.5 = 20.2 in, using 21” thus actual d = 18.5”


Mn = = 273.166 k-ft

.

Effective Flange Width of L-beam


 
(d) ×L= × 35 = 35”
 
(e) 6 × hf = 6 × 7.5 = 45”
 
(f) × l = × 33.5 = 33.5” Use
 

Where; L = Span Length

l = Clear span length

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

DE
Assume lever arm z Equal to the Larger of 0.9d or (d - )
F

z = 0.9 × 18.5 = 16.65 in Use

.
z = 18.5 – = 14.75 in


Trail Steel Area

Asfyz = Mn

×2.))
As = = 3.28 in2
)
×).)

Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 3.28 × 60

Ac = 58.00 in2

/.

a= = 1.73 in
22.

Therefore the neutral axis is in the flange.

.2
z = 18.5 – = 17.63”


Calculating As with this revised z

×2.))
As = = 3.10 in2
)
×.)2

Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 3.1 × 60

Ac = 54.70 in2

.

a= = 1.63 in
22.

.)2
z = 18.5 – = 17.68”


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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

Calculating As with this revised z

×2.))
As = = 3.09 in2 OK, close enough to previous value.
)
.)/

CHECKING MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT

2: G & 2 √

 
/.
As min = = = 0.58 in2
 )
,

G & 

 
/.
Or As min = = = 0.616 in2.
 )
,

Both < 3.09 in2

Checking for ρmax, Consider the figure:

a = 0.85 × 10.96 = 9.32”

Ac = (7.5)(33.5) + (1.82)(10) = 269.45 in2

C = 0.85 × 4 × 269.45 = 916 k


2
Maximum T = (916) = 687 k > (3.0)(60) = 180 k OK


So, Use 4 # 8 bars (As = 3.14 in2)

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

L-Beam Cross Section showing rebars:

Design L-Beam for the positive moment zone:

The values of bw and d will be same as assumed for the T-beam. So bw = 10” and d = 18.5” (same, as
selected in above steps while designing L-beam for negative moment zone)

From Equ. (iii-a) wu = 1.2 (0.7 + 0.15 + 0.109) + 1.6 (0.75) = 2.35 k/ft

C  ( (.2 2(
Mu = = = 119.94 k-ft
 


Mn = = 133.26 k-ft

.

Effective Flange Width of L-beam


 
(a) ×L= × 35 = 35”
 
(b) 6 × hf = 6 × 7.5 = 45”
 
(c) × l = × 33.5 = 33.5” Use
 

Where; L = Span Length

l = Clear span length

DE
Assume lever arm z Equal to the Larger of 0.9d or (d - )
F

z = 0.9 × 18.5 = 16.65 in Use

.
z = 18.5 – = 14.75 in


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Trail Steel Area

Asfyz = Mn

×22.)
As = = 1.60 in2
)
×).)

Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 1.60 × 60

Ac = 28.23 in2

/.2
a= = 0.84 in
22.

Therefore the neutral axis is in the flange.


./
z = 18.5 – = 18.0”


Calculating As with this revised z

×22.)
As = = 1.48 in2
)
×/.

Computing values of a and z:

0.85 fc’ Ac = As fy

0.85 × 4 × Ac = 1.48 × 60

Ac = 26.129 in2

).
a= = 0.77 in
22.


.
z = 18.5 – = 18.11”


Calculating As with this revised z

×22.)
As = = 1.47 in2 OK, close enough to previous value.
)
×/.

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CHECKING MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT

2: G & 2 √

 
/.
As min = = = 0.58 in2
 )
,

G & 

 
/.
Or As min = = = 0.616 in2.
 )
,

Both < 1.47 in2

Checking for ρmax, Consider the figure:

a = 0.85 × 10.96 = 9.32”

Ac = (7.5)(33.5) + (1.82)(10) = 269.45 in2

C = 0.85 × 4 × 269.45 = 916 k


2
Maximum T = (916) = 687 k > (3.0)(60) = 180 k OK


So, Use 2 # 8 bars (As = 1.57 in2)

L-Beam Cross Section showing rebars:

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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

DESIGN OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

T-beam:

UDL formation on beam:

Load Due to Slab:

[Volume of slab × 150] ÷ 35’ = 1.406 k/ft

Load due to IDL:

20 × 15’ = 0.3 k/ft

Load due to LL:

100 × 15 = 1.5 k/ft

Beam self weight:

[Volume of beam × 150] ÷ 35’ = 0.325 k/ft

Thus;

wu = 1.4 (1.406 + 0.3 + 0.325) + 1.7(1.5) = *5.066 k/ft

Vu at left end = 5.066 × 17.5 = 59.10 k

(. .
Vu at a distance d from the support = I J × 59.10


= 53.89 k

ØVc = 2:;< ′KC L = 31.82 k Ø = 0.85



ØVc = 15.91 k


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Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

From Similar triangles, location of ØVc is given by:

M .
= = 9.42 ft from right
2./ .


For  ØVc :

M .
= = 4.71 ft from right
. .

Now as Vu = ØVc + ØVs

Therefore; ØVs = 53.89 – 31.82 = 22.07 k < 4:;< ′KC L = 74.88 k

&
The max spacing should neither exceed, =9.25” nor 24”


-N 
Also; Smax= = 19.88” (Av = 2 × 0.11 for # 3 stirrups)
.: G

-N
Smax ≤ = 18.86”

G

∅-N  &
For Max Shear S = = 8.29” > 4” (Because stirrup spacing should not be less than 4”, according to code)
P ∅P

As we have max spacing 9.25” but at same time we have max shear S = 8.29”, this happened so because
in our case the loading is very small, so we don’t need to place shear reinforcement at different
locations in different ratio.


So in general we will place the shear reinforcement at a spacing of 9” c/c, up to ØVc


Figure:

One Way Slab Page 25


Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

L-beam:

UDL formation on beam:

Load Due to Slab:

[Volume of slab × 150] ÷ 35’ = 0.703 k/ft

Load due to IDL:

20 × 7.5’ = 0.15 k/ft

Load due to LL:

100 × 7.5’ = 0.75 k/ft

Beam self weight:

[Volume of beam × 150] ÷ 35’ = 0.325 k/ft

Thus;

wu = 1.4 (0.703 + 0.15 + 0.325) + 1.7(0.75) = *2.84 k/ft

Vu at left end = 2.84 × 17.5 = 49.7 k

(. .
Vu at a distance d from the support = I J × 49.7 = 43.90 k


ØVc = 2:;< ′KC L = 29.22 k



ØVc = 14.61 k


One Way Slab Page 26


Syed Saqib Mehboob 06-CE-50

From Similar triangles, location of ØVc is given by:

M .
= = 10.29 ft from right
. .

For  ØVc :

M .
= = 5.14 ft from right
.) .

Now as Vu = ØVc + ØVs

Therefore; ØVs = 43.90 – 29.22 = 14.68 k < 4:;< ′KC L = 58.44 k

&
The max spacing should neither exceed, = 12.25” nor 24”


-N 
Also; Smax= = 19.88” (Av = 2 × 0.11 for # 3 stirups)
.: G

-N
Smax ≤ = 18.86”

G

∅-N  &
For Max Shear S = = 16.5” > 4” (Because stirrup spacing should not be less than 4”, according to code)
P ∅P

As we have max spacing 12.25” but at same time we have max shear S = 16.5”, this happened so
because in our case the loading is very small, so we don’t need to place shear reinforcement at different
locations in different ratio.


So in general we will place the shear reinforcement at a spacing of 12” c/c, up to ØVc


Figure:

One Way Slab Page 27