You are on page 1of 1

9.

The North American and European plates of the Earth’s crust are drifting apart with a relative speed of
about 25 mm/yr. Take the speed as constant and find when the rift between them started to open, to
reach a current width of 2.9 × 103 mi.
1609344 mm
2.9 × 103 mi. × = 4 667 097 600 mm
1 mi.
D 4 667 097 600 mm
t= = = 186 683 904 yr = 𝟏. 𝟗 × 𝟏𝟎𝟖 years ago
rate 25 mm/yr
22. A truck covers 40.0 m in 8.50 s while smoothly slowing down to a final speed of 2.80 m/s.
a. Find its original speed.
vi + vf ∆x 40 m
vavg = = = = 4.7 m/s
2 ∆t 8.50 s
vi + 2.8
= 4.7 m/s
2
vi + 2.8 = 9.4 m/s
vi = 𝟔. 𝟔 𝐦/𝐬
b. Find its acceleration.
∆v 2.8 m/s − 6.6 m/s
a= = = −𝟎. 𝟒𝟓𝐦/𝐬2
∆t 8.50 s