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Form: 2

GEF Small Grants Programme - India

Project Progress Report (Quarterly)

(Sent on Quarterly Basis: CEE Regional Coordinator and GEF SGP NPM Sectt. by the Partner

1. Grantee Partner
Name of the Organization _____ The Covenant Centre for Development (CCD)
Grant Recipient Address__ Bajpayi Bhavan, Deepak Nagar, Opp. Railway Station, Durg city, Chhattisgarh
state, India PIN 491001
Telephone/Fax/Email___0788-4075711, Fax- 0788-4017684, Email:-
Person in charge of Progress Report _________ Dr. Utkarsh Ghate, Director

2. Identification of the Project

Project Name “Community NTFP enterprises for sustainable forest development &
peace in a violent Chhattisgarh”
Project Number_____ IND/SGP/OP5/Y3/STAR/2013/29/CHT1 ______
GEF Thematic Area __________ Land Degradation and Sustainable Forest Management
Location of Project __________ Kanker district, Chhattisgarh state
Project Start and End Dates (as in the MoA)_ October 2013 …..
Changes (if any) in Start or End dates:_____NO……………..
Period covered by the Report: ___ Quarter 5 (October 2014- December 2014)

3. Financial Summary:

Fund Utilization & Disbursement Request Amount (Rs.)

SGP Grant amount 2,413,830/-
SGP Funds received to date 9,65,532/-
SGP Funds spent to date 9,65,532/-
Funds balance -
SGP Grant disbursement requested 2nd installment- Rs. 9,65,532/-

(The revolving funds of groups were used to sustain the program activities)

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4. Project Co-financing Received: (increase number of rows as required)

Source (s) Type Amount (Rs.)

(In-kind or Cash)
Dabur India Ltd.- 3 years Cash (received in Dec. Rs. 0.4 million (4 lakh)
revolving fund for 5 states incl. 2014)
CG- 1st year component

# Funds approved in principle, release in Feb. 2015 (after this reporting period).

5. Progress Report

a. Detailed Summary of Activities (Increase rows as required)

(Guidance Notes: Give details on each the activities performed, as specified in the MoA)


1 To partner with 2-3 JFMC at 5 places involved Totally 300 families
JFMC committees in 2- at Banspattar, Basanvahi, beneficiary so far, another
3 villages to cover 300 Gadpichwadi, Pusavand 300 too being connected
families/ block & Atur besides 10 WSHG for participation
2 Train NTFP gatherers The farmer & women Forestry income is
in GCP, quality, SFM, trained in nursery, seasonal, limited &
biofuel, nursery, planting of spices & uncertain, people demand
replant vegetables for regular income sources, so
sustainable income agriculture is necessary
3 Capacity building of NTFP shed is rentally Vanraj breed poultry is
Producer groups with organized, Poultry shed recommended by agri
infrastructure planned at villages scientists, but local breed
Saimunda (Basanwahi is in demand so both will
cluster) & Gadpichwadi be tried at 1 site each
(Kanker cluster)
4 To link the Producers Pranav Biotech & Nirmal Spices are imported in CG
with the corporate seed co. contacted for state, 6 species can be
quality inputs grown locally
5 To institutionalize Producer co. directors NABARD offered to
Producers as SSI/ applied for PAN card & support it in POPI
Producer Co./BMC made bylaws, started (Producer Organization
regi. Process through Promotion Inst.) scheme
6 To link to Govt. Linkage established with Horticulture dept. has
Schemes like NRLM, horticulture dept. & more & many schemes &
NABARD Banana sapling provided its most profitable
to 15 tribal marigold
flower to 10 tribal’s

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b. Results (Use as much space as required)
(Guidance Notes: The extent to which the objectives specified in the MoA, were accomplished;
Unplanned achievements; Shortfalls in targets; Describe immediate benefits received by participants
and/or recipient communities in qualitative and quantitative parameters)

At the end of 1.25 years work the following results are seen –
1) The project has reached now to 600 families, double the q-4 outreach, mostly
tribal from 15 villages with 70% being poor. They are organized in Village forest
committees (VFC) at (a) Banspattar, (b) Basanvahi, (c) Pusavand & (d) Aturgaon.
There are engaged in (a) Mahua sales, (b) other NTFP sales, (c) Apiary &
Horticulture & (d) Lac farming resp.

2) The training programs arranged this quarter included (a) spice farming –
Turmeric, (b) Floriculture – Marigold & Night Jasmine, (c) waste paper bags
making, (d) Business planning Horticulture & Poultry & Producer Co. design.

3) The 600 families expressed willingness to Farmer Producer Co. to trade NTFP, &
horticulture & poultry products to make it year round, viable enterprise. For,
NTFP is available only during the spring & summer but the other 2 times are
produced in monsoon & winter too.

4) Market survey of spice consumption in the 6 local restaurants was conducted &
revealed that they buy Rs. 16 lakh (1.6 million) worth spices annually. House
hold here may be consuming much more-about 10,000 families in Kanker city
may be consuming 2-3 times this level in just 1 month (at Rs. 250/- monthly
each) & 20 times/ year- Rs. 3 crore/ year. This can be locally grown & supplied
by the tribal easily. The spices suitable for this region & included the state
horticulture plan are– Turmeric, Ginger, Chilly, Coriander, Garlic & Fenugreek.
These have growing demand in metros also as well as in exports also.

5) Horticulture production is low here with yield levels 30-50% below the national
average due to-
a. lateritic, acidic soils, unsuitable for crop growth,
b. poor quality seeds,
c. poor farming knowledge/culture of the tribal were always hunter
gatherers so far.

Thus, there is need for & much scope of-

(a) quality seeds & organic inputs – growth promoters & for pest disease
(b) sales to metros in India especially Kerala/Bangalore or even abroad, where
organic inputs are preferred or chemical pesticides are prohibited.

Horticulture department actively helped CCD bid to generate Green livelihood from
trees & provided Banana saplings, distributed to 15 tribal families, Marigold to 10
families & Night Jasmine to 20 families.

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Poultry scope is similar i.e. it can be started & run easily year round with low cost
per family than dairy or goat keeping. It can provide year round income to many tribal
families year round & reduce the poverty trap.

6) Green economy strategy is increasingly adopted by the industries who are now
providing green agri-inputs .e.g. Nirmal Seed Co. ( &
Pranav Biotech Co., Amravati, Maharashtra (
2615817-Pranav-Bio-tech/). Dabur co., a potential client, buys most of its raw
drugs from M.P. as its 50% nearer than Chhattisgarh & saves 50% low transport
cost, so did not issue any purchase order here. Herb samples are sent to the
nearby Emami co., Kolkatta & seek order.

c. New Activities, Unexpected difficulties/problems & Action taken to solve them

(Use as mush space as required)
(a) Sustainable livelihood is the 1st priority for any community work here due to abject
povery & hunger-malnutrition. There is need for “low cost, low tech” livelihood
options. Horticulture – poultry can provide it as per research & demonstration
reputed/NGOs like BAIF ( The facts below underline this, as forest
loss or fuel-wood pressure are not very high.

There is less deforestation in the area of Kanker district in the past 3 decades unlike
Raigarh district or Korba caused by mining or power units etc. that are absent in
Kanker district. The state forest introduction shows this with no change in forest
cover in Kanker during 2009-11 while 50% loss in the state from Raigarh
( The state also lost only 53
sq. km forest i.e. 0.01% during 2009-2011 as per state of forest, 2013 report
( ) by forest survey of India, the
latest one that is readily available. Kanker also has 4th greatest proportion of land
under forest (47%), next only to Koriya & the 2 nearby districts- Dantewara &
Bastar. Kanker hosts 6% of the forest area in the state, double the average/ district.

The local pressure for fuel wood on forests can be considered limited1, i.e. just 25
ton/ year/ village, but biomass growth is much. But there is growing need for the
poverty alleviation income generating programs & hunger – nutrition for the
predominant tribal community here. While forests produce did provide 40-50% of
their income earlier this share is reduced by half to 25% today due to the growing
agriculture income & labour /job migration.

There is growing economy & new needs e.g. gadgets for mobility, energy,
communication etc. implying higher income needs. This requires year round
incomes that NTFPs cannot provide these are limited to the summer & to a lesser
extent winter. Also their productivity is dependent on natural factors like weathers
or species behaviour like ‘masting‘ where in trees like Mango or Sal etc. flower/fruit
massively every 2-3 years. So this cannot provide sustainable, year round
livelihoods. Hence, growing trees, fruits-vegetables, spices in the homestead
gardens, degraded forest lands assigned to the tribal is necessary for both regular &
Sharma D., Chandrakar K., Verma D. K., & K. C. Yadav, 2014. A Study on Consumption
Trends of Fuel Wood & their Impact on Forest in Kanker Forest Division of Chhattisgarh
State (India)
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decent income as well as food security-nutrition-health i.e. well being- the overall
Millennium Development Goal.

(b) The state Govt. banned plastic in the state from 2014 end & this started waste
paper bag & making process at many places. This was started in Govindpur in
year 2014 in this project & started in Mankesari now with tie up to local
shopkeepers for sales to pack goods for sale. This can reduce environmental

(c) Watering arrangement of trees planted in the 8 school is decided now for the
summer 2015 by offering modest incentive to their/peons. This will ensure the
tree growth after 70% survival achieved in the first 6 months.

(d) Water purification filter was installed in October at Paradise High school under
CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) support from Bosch Company, Banglore.
This would avoid health damage from the excess iron, fluoride other metals or
impurities in water. Total Dissolved Salts (TDS) level in the water here was
found in laboratory test done in Science College, Durg. Such impure water is also
a root cause of many local ailments such as Diarrhoea, Kidney stone etc.

(e) The local diet mainly consists of rice with little pulse, vegetables/spices. Liquor
consumption is high. This cause malnutrition & diseases, besides 20-30% of
family expenses, that can be avoided growing vegetables/ spices in the backyard.
This can improve the rural nutrition, especially the mother & children, reducing
the infant & maternal mortality, which nearly tops in the country- about 46 &
269, i.e. 12% & 50% higher than the national average as per state national rural
health mission (
information/chhattisgarh.html). Nutritious diet below can reduce this problem.

ITEM Sources Diseases

Proteins Pulses, meat, milk Diarrhoea, Immunity loss

Vitamin A Chilly, Coriander, fish, meat, milk Eye, skin disorders

Leafy vegetables, Legumes, flax, Milk,
Vitamin B fish, meat, eggs Anaemia, Arthritis, Diarrhoea,
Muscle pain, Immunity loss, low Iron
Vitamin C Chilly, Coriander, Lemon, Drumstick intake

Vitamin D Fish, egg, mushroom, Heart problems, Weak Bones

Chilly, Leafy vegetable, Milk, meat,
fish, nuts, Whole grains/ Wheat,
Vitamin E oilseeds Low Weight Infants

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(f) CCD started “Eco-club” in Paradise school to familiarize students with jungle &
nature, as well as natural resource conservation. A lecture of Dr. Ghate, PI of this
project was organized on this topic in November 2014 & trees were planted to
inaugurate it. The students also participated in nature painting competition in
December & were taken on tour to Dudhawa dam nearby for eco-education.

d. Lessons Learned: (Use as much space as required)

(Guidance Notes: Lessons learnt during project implementation; Request for additional technical
assistance, Links and resources accessed including in cash and in Kind.)

a) We resubmitted NRLM MKSP NTFP proposal in August 2014 as asked but no

reply yet except – it is sent HQ at Delhi. As such it is very difficult to manage it
with just 5% budget for NGO cost, which is adequate only for large projects like $
1 million or more i.e. 6 months our NRLM proposal. NABARD loan grant project
Rs. 3.5 million budget too was withdrawn due to our NGO & community inability
to offer Rs. 4 million security. This implies that start up small NGO community
enterprises should tap social enterprise funds. Gram Mooligai Co. Ltd. that CCD
set up & is owned by women & tribal gatherer groups & active in the neighboring
Madhya Pradesh state won Rs. 2. 5 million through Artha venture award, 2014
( to setup
processing unit in Katani, M.P. State. We follow this route in Kanker soon.

b) Left wing extremism (LWE) risk is continuing & even growing causing 100
deaths/year in the state & 10 p.m. about 1/month/district on average. While
Sukma, Dantewada & Bijapur districts share greater burden but Kanker is not
untouched with latest attack killing 2 policemen & injuring 12 in kanker in
February 2015 (
injured-in-naxal-attack-in-chhattisgarhs-kanker/526246-3-235.html). Even the
state congress chief Late Mr Nandkumar Patel & ex-Union Minister V C Shukla
were killed in a Nazxal attack in Zeerum Ghati in Bastar district nearby just when
this project was sanctioned after mid-2013. The data from South Asia Terrorism
portal ( headed by Mr. K.P.S Gill, ex IPS & DG, Police,
Punjab too underlines this. This has scared the tribal to venture in the forest.
They also get doubted & beaten/ harassed by the police.

The common people who avoid going to forest increasingly so NTFP collection
has reduced. Climate change deforestation other more profitable options like
farming/employment guarantee scheme/ emigration to nearby towns for work.
Climate change such as heavy showers in February/ march also reduce NTFP
yield. Thus, NTFP availability/collection has dropped by 30-50% in the villages
we work. Hence, it is more viable & low risk to promote green or organic
agriculture & allied work (like/including animal husbandry) than forest based
enterprises for year round employment.

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e. Request for Project Revisions, if any (Use as much space as required)
(Guidance Notes: Nature of proposed revision(s); Reason for proposed revision(s); Proposed change
in project completion date; Proposed budget revision. Please indicate here if you would like
authorization for increasing any budget line and which line(s) should be decreased as a result,
considering that the total SGP project cost should be maintained at the same level)

Based on the above major constraint we request development of horticulture & small
animal husbandry (at least poultry) to be added in the project objective, in addition to
the pre-approved once. This will make NTFP interventions viable & long term
sustainable. As NTFP share in the tribal income has reduced by 50% from 50-60%
earliest to 25-30% today. Also, a tribal has 2-3 acre farm land on average & can earn Rs.
1-2 lakh/year from it with high value crops like vegetable/spices. But earning from
NTFP is only its 10-15%. Report by BASIX for Chhattisgarh state minor forest produce
federation quotes NTFP based income/ family merely Rs. 9,300/- a year, i.e. 23% of the
total income in 2010 ( Values are
changed but the situation is similar/ NTFP value/ contribution is even lower today with
overall economic growth. So even donors like Tata Trust, Christian Aid etc. now promote
horticulture/ animal husbandry in tribal state like Jharkhand & Orissa e.g.
a) UNDP- in shifting cultivation project in Nagaland, co-financed by GEF-
b) Sir Dorabaji Tata Trust or its central Indian,
tribal state initiative-

 Govt. agency like NABARD too promotes “wadi” i.e. orchards


f. Additional Information: (Use as much space as required)

(Guidance Notes: Provide information on the points given below and add more points if necessary)

Local water has high level of impurities such as iron, fluoride & even microbes. This
leads to high total dissolved salts (TDS) with level exceeding 1,100, while only 500 is
permissible as “safe” for drinking. Such high TDS level causes many diseases such as
kidney stone, skin eruptions, circulatory system problems, besides diarrhea etc. caused
by the microbes. Hence, CCD obtained water filters on pilot basis from BOSCH co.,
Bangalore ( ) that was set up in Paradise school, Kanker. This benefitted
hundreds of students in the school in drinking clean water. This continued CCD’s earlier
effort for environment safety & human well being, through health camps in Q-4.

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GEF SGP Project Indicators

SGP OP5 results indicators PROGRESS

o Hectares of indigenous and community o 300

BD1 conserved areas (ICCAs) influenced

o Hectares of production landscapes / o 500

seascapes applying sustainable use o $ 8,000 (NTFP/ agri-
practices products sold value)
BD2 o Total value of biodiversity products/
ecosystem services produced (US dollar

o Hectares of land applying sustainable o 1,000 ha through organic

forest, agricultural and water farming esp. horticulture
management practices started
o Hectares of degraded land restored and o 10% of this, i.e. 100 ha is
rehabilitated degraded land restored

o Number of communities demonstrating o 4 nos. at 4 dispersed sites

sustainable land and forest management (Thema, Basanwahi,
practices Pusawand & Atur).

o 0.2 (one fifth) ton reused

o Tons of solid waste prevented from
POPS9 paper waste bags as option
burning by alternative disposal
to plastic bag - 2,000 bags
o Number of community-based monitoring o 2 community based
systems demonstrated (please specify) monitoring systems
o Number of people trained on: project developed- trend analysis
CD10 development, monitoring, evaluation and o About 10 community
etc. (to be specified according to type of volunteers trained- in 3
training) clusters together

Livelihoods & Sustainable Development: -400 women, 200 men

o Number of participating community -10 days (20%) hunger less
members (gender disaggregated) (Note: today from 50 days/ year
mandatory for all projects) average
o Number of days of food shortage reduced -5% more income i.e. $20 per
o Increase in purchasing power by reduced year, esp. in the summer, the
spending, increased income, and/or other main hunger season
means (US dollar equivalent)
- strengthened 10 women
Cross- Empowerment: SHG, 5 farmer groups formed
cutting o Number of NGOs/CBOs formed or -300 tribal people supported
registered directly, 300 added recently
o Number of indigenous peoples directly - 4 women led projects
supported supported2
o Number of women-led projects - PGS organic label process
supported initiated, certification in 2016
o Number of quality standards/labels - community revolving fund
achieved or innovative financial engages the staff, activities &
mechanisms put in place ensures the project
sustainability in the lean
apiary, lac culture, papad making (food processing) & waste paper bags making
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 Links and funds/resources/technical advise that has been accessed by GEF SGP partners
from Communities, Government departments, Institutions and banks etc.
Horticulture Dept. supported in Banana saplings supply as said before.

 Baseline information using micro plans developed at the project levels. (Please explain if
Participatory Rural Appraisals (PRAs) etc. undertaken.
These are annexed at the end as viable business concepts.
 Impacts the project is creating in terms of Policy/ Advocacy/Sustainability and
Replicability of the project activities.
CCD is asked by the local forest department to (a) initiate pulpwood plantations on degraded
forest lands with farmer’s collaboration (b) start livelihood activities. Its results will be
known in the next quarter.

 Press/ media coverage / links established in the project to other similar initiatives /
networking with other NGOs/visit to other GEF SGP projects
Local newspaper covered the project activities such viz. water filtering unit set up at Paradise
school, Kanker by the Bosch company, Bangalore in their corporate social responsibility
(CSR) program.
 Details how the project is enhancing and creating gender equity; gender focus;
Institutional sustainability at the project community level.
The project activities are providing the women 10% better income thereby increasing
their say in the family & social matters. Women are majority in the beneficiaries. Other
benefits include-
a) stronger bank linkage, with credit today that was lacking due to no-
repayment of the past loans in some cases,
b) collective work experience, leadership,
c) better social status & linkage, such as with the political leaders
d) broader vision due to outside expert visits, motivational stories told etc.

Note: Please send photos, press cuttings, videos if any made by project or others on activities
in original at the earliest.
It is annexed at the end.

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6. Financial Report

a. Expenditure Report
Number and date of Description of Expenditure Budget Head Cost (Rs.)
Invoice/ Receipt

Total (Rs.)
(Please the annexure at the end for the full list of income-expenses)

b. Cumulative Expenditure Report

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Budget Head Approved Expenditures this Cumulative Balance Co-
Budget period (from Expenditures (Rs.) financing
(Rs.) above) (Rs.) (Rs.) accessed
Manpower/labour 1,72,800 (72,000) 1,85,400
Training/Seminar 1,57,500 - 1,19,994
/Workshops, etc
Contracts (Project 4,40,524 (1,41,000) 5,52,000 400,000#
Equipment and 1,20,000 - 48,390
Others (Travel) 48,000 (7,082) 41,904
Miscellaneous 26,710 (12,389) 17,844
(Office exp)
Total 9,65,532 (2,32,471) 9,65,532 0
#- from Dabur India ltd.

Note- Note- the Q-4 expenses were met from co-finance & partly revolving fund of the CBOs, so not added to
GEF-SGP expenses.

 Columns (1) and (2) should present the budget as approved in the project document.

 Column (3) should be used for indicating actual expenditures incurred only during the
reporting period.

 Column (4) should be used for indicating cumulative expenditures incurred since the
beginning of the project, including the amount reported in column (3) for this reporting

 Column (5) should reflect the balance of project funds, which results from subtracting the
amounts of Column (4) from those entered in column (2).

 Column (6) If the NGOs or communities have accessed funds as co- Financing from other
Sources. This shows the impacts that how GEF is leveraging on other sources.

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Report Submitted by:

Name: _Dr. Utkarsh Ghate_______________________

Designation: __Director_____________

Signature: ________ ________________

Date: ______15/0/2015_____________________

List of Annexures

1. Expenditure detail
2. Spice survey results in hotels at Kanker city.
3. Viable business concepts developed with the community.
4. Pictures of the work done in quarter 5.
5. Water quality test results- from Science college, Durg city.
6. Water filter inauguration in the local school- news.
7. Eco-club start in Paradise school- news.

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Annex 1
Expenditure Report
S.N. Date of Invoice/ Description of Expenditure Budget Head Cost (Rs.)
1 08.10.2014 Staff salary: Mr Sanjay Mansani Manpower/labour 10,000/-
2 08.10.2014 Staff salary: Mr Subhash Yadav Manpower/labour 6,000/-
3 08.10.2014 Staff salary; Mrs Seema Kurup Manpower/labour 6,000/-
4 08.10.2014 Staff salary: Mr. Rakesh Tandiya Manpower/labour 6,000/-
5 10.11.2014 Staff salary: Mr Sanjay Mansani Manpower/labour 10,000/-
6 10.11.2014 Staff salary: Mr Subhash Yadav Manpower/labour 6,000/-
7 10.11.2014 Staff salary; Mrs Seema Kurup Manpower/labour 6,000/-
8 09.12.2014 Staff salary: Mr Sanjay Mansani Manpower/labour 10,000/-
9 09.12.2014 Staff salary: Mr Subhash Yadav Manpower/labour 6,000/-
10 09.12.2014 Staff salary; Mrs Seema Kurup Manpower/labour 6,000/-
Sub Total (A) 72,000/-
11 18.10.2014 Shitala Self Help Group, Thema Contracts (Project 15,000/-
12 20.10.2014 Shitala Self Help Group, Thema Contracts (Project 10,000/-
13 11.12.2014 Sai Kisan Mitan Club, Gadpichwadi Contracts (Project 25,000/-
14 20.12.2014 Sai Kisan Mitan Club, Gadpichwadi Contracts (Project 25,000/-
15 13.12.2014 Jai Maa Santoshi Self Help Group, Contracts (Project 50,000/-
Basanwahi Activities)
16 Lac seed purchase Contracts (Project 16,000/-
Sub Total (B) 1,41,000/-
17 TA – Mr Subhash (Oct-Dec.) Other (Travel) 4,905/-
18 TA – Mr Rakesh (Oct.) Other (Travel) 9,50/-
19 TA – Mr Gautam (Nov.) Other (Travel) 4,00/-
20 TA – Mr Pratap Singh (Dec.) Other (Travel) 6,50/-
21 TA – Mrs. Seema (Dec.) Other (Travel) 1,77/-
Sub Total (C) 7,082/-
22 Oct. To Dec. Stationary/Xerox/rent/courier etc Miscellaneous 12,389/-
(Office exp)
Sub Total (D) 12,389/-
TOTAL Exp(A+B+C+D) 2,32,471/-

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Annexe 2
A) gkWVyksa esa elkyksa dh [kir dh tkudkjh

dkadsj Nov.2014

dz- gkWVy dk uke elkyk [kir /kfu;k [kir vnjd @ekg gYnh@ekg fjekdZ
@ekg nj @ekg 80&100: 130&180:
150&200: 150&180:
1 vkdk”kgkWVy 5 kg 2 Kg 3 Kg 2 Kg 3 Kg
flfoyykbZu dkadsj
2 nhf{kr tyiku x`g flfoy 4 Kg 2 Kg 2 Kg 2 Kg 2 Kg
ykbZu dkadsj
3 ;kno gkWVy flfoy 5 Kg 3 Kg 2 Kg 3 Kg 2 Kg
ykbZu dkadsj
4 ysdO;w gkWVy Åij 35&40 Kg 10 Kg 10 Kg 8 Kg 7 Kg
uhps jksM
5 gkWVy lqUnje 30 Kg 7 Kg 8 Kg 5 Kg 6 Kg
jsLVksjsUV fxYyh
pkSd dkadsj
6 ;kno gkWVy 20 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg 8 Kg 6 Kg
HkaMkjhikjk dkadsj
7 Jh-nqxkZ jktLFkku 10 Kg 4 Kg 3 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg
Hkkstuky; dkadsj
8 ghuk LohVl ,.M 8 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg
Msyh uhMl dkadsj
9 t;fgUn gkWVy 25 Kg 10 Kg 10 Kg 15 Kg 10 Kg
10 jkts”k fcj;kuh gkWVy 20 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg 10 Kg
11 iatkcHkkstuky; 15Kg 8 Kg 5 Kg 10 Kg 8 Kg

dqy 182 Kg 61 Kg 58 Kg 68 Kg 64 Kg

27300#- 9150# 5800# 12240# 7680#

#9425259072; Total @ Rs. 54,000/- p.m.

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B) kanker [C.G.]

gkWVyksa esa elkyksa dh [kir dh tkudkjh # nj : @ kg

dkadsj Nov. 2014
dz- gkWVy dk uke elkyk [kir /kfu;k [kir vnjd @ekg gYnh@ekg fjekdZ
kg @ekg @ekg nj nj 80&100: nj
nj 150&200 150&180: 130&180:

1 rkt fcj;kuh gkWVy 20 5 10 8 10

2 fnynkj gkWVy 25 7 10 8 10
fcj;kuh lsaVj dkadsj
3 y{eh jsLVksjsaV cl 30 10 8 10 8
LVS.M dkadsj
4 lkgw gkWVy Kkuh 5 3 5 2 2
pkSd dkadsj
5 Bkdqj gkWVy ,.M 15 5 5 5 5
Hkkstuky; dkadsj
Dqy 95 kg 30 kg 38 kg 33 kg 35kg
19000# 5400# 3800# 5940# 4200#

Total @ Rs. 40,000/- p.m.

C) Makdi dhaba, kanker [C.G.]

gkWVyksa esa elkyksa dh [kir dh tkudkjh

ekdM+h Dhaba, dkadsj fnukad Nov. 2014
dz- gkWVy dk uke elkyk [kir /kfu;k [kir vnjd @ekg gYnh@ekg fjekdZ
@ekg nj @ekg 80&100: 130&180:
150&200: 150&180:
1 750 <+kck ekdM+h 25 kg 5 Kg 5 Kg 7 Kg 10 Kg
2 tn~nw gkWVy ,.M 15 Kg 4 Kg 3 Kg 5 Kg 5 Kg
jsLVksjsaV dkadsj
3 ;kno gkWVy ,.M 10 Kg 5 Kg 3 Kg 4 Kg 3 Kg
Hkstuky; dkadsj
4 iIiw <+kck ,.M 20 Kg 7 Kg 8 Kg 10 Kg 8 Kg
5 Kkuh <+kck 25 kg 5 kg 7 kg 5 kg 5 kg
dqy 95 kg 26 kg 26 kg 31 kg 31 kg
19000 4680 3120 5580 3720

Total @ Rs. 35,000/- p.m.

GRAND TOTAL- Kanker city (2 sheets- A, B) & C) makadi Dhaba- Rs. 132,000/- p.m. &
Rs. 15 lakh/ year i.e. Rs. 1.5 million.

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Annex 3
The following 7 business idea as are found viable here while 4 earlier ones are found
unsuitable here as potential enterprises for the respective reasons. In addition, 3
Tricky/ high investment type, profitable & commercial eco-friendly forestry based
enterprises successful in other states can be promoted here at a later stage viz.
a) Biomass briquetting (e.g. Rewa district, M. P. state)- low margin
b) Bamboo (e.g. Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra state)- market access based
c) Pulp tree plantation (Shahdol district, Madhya Pradesh state) e.g. Khamar.


a) Herbal - low/ no demand, long distance from industries/ metros, uncertain yield,
no valuable items grow here– Ashwagandha, Satavar, Isabgol, Guggul & Licorice.

b) Dairy – High cost activity, few people employed per Rs. 1 lakh invested.

c) Grain processing – only rice is grown & private large mills in neigh boring
Dhamtari district process all the local rice with low margins. Little pulses/other
crops grown to process.

d) Leaf plate– This is a significant business in some state like Orissa where wage
rates are lower & market access with South India is pre-ensured e.g. Tirupati
temple. Large projects here already failed to replicate it e.g. Social Service
Society, Durg in nearby 3 districts under Swarna Jayanti Swarojgar Yojana
(SGSY)- precursor of NRLM (national rural livelihood scheme); as margins are
low & Govt. fund flow is irregular, uncertain.


1) Nursery– There is growing demand of medicinal, fruit & ornamental tree

saplings all over- in colleges, industries, new societies all need it but there is no
nursery in Kanker. People bought saplings from Dhamtari city 50 km away. It is
proposed to set up a nursery in tribal area with a retail outlet & office in the city.
It will prepare 10,000 saplings/year with 2-3 part time staff. The saplings will be
sold of Rs. 25/- each with 60% income & 40% spent on the cost of pouch, soil
water & organic growth promoters.
No. of saplings/ year= 10,000
* Price/ sapling= Rs. 25 _____
Gross Income= Rs. 250,000

This can earn the 2-3 entrepreneur Rs. 2500-3000/- p.m. We know are such
youth run nursery in the nearby Hari-shankar temple, Balangir district of Orissa
state. The capital cost is Rs. 5,000/- at start with 1,000 plants & can grow later.

2) Apiary – If the flora is rich with vegetables, seeds, pulses, fruit, trees a box can
yield 2kg honey p.m. i.e. Rs. 400 p.m./HH. The maintenance cost of honey bee
boxes is negligible only upkeep & cleaning is needed. During the summer season
sugar syrup may be needed the once a week costing Rs. 25-40 p.m. to sustain the
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bees as flora may be less. The box cost is Rs. 1,300/- that can be recovered from
the first 3 months of productions.

3) Lac – A farmer has 5 trees on average– Kusum, Baer or Palash. S/he plants 2-3 kg
seeds in total, priced Rs. 450/- kg & Rs. 1500/- total. It yields 20 kg/tree/season
min. 100 kg total/family. At Rs. 250/- kg local sales price, income is Rs. 25,000/-
family/season. Annual income can be double as its harvested 2 times/year –
May-June & Jan-Feb. Its used in Jewellery @ making, paints etc. in India & abroad
& Chhattisgarh produces 40% of Indian produce- the leading state today. There
are successful lac farmers publicized in northern part of the district who earn Rs.
50,000/- or more/ year & we aim to replicate this here too.

4) Fruit Trees/ orchard – A family plan @ 10 Banana & 10 Papaya trees in 5-10
decible land (5-10% of acre). It has on average in homestead/ backyard gardens.
They yield 150-200 fruits each i.e. 300-500 kg. At Rs. 15-20/- kg local price
available today, farmers earn Rs. 15,000-20,000/- per species, totalling fruits
income 30,000/- year. This is equal to 30% of their present annual budget. Little
fertilizers or pesticides are needed but organic inputs can promote the growth &
taste much. The sapling/ seed cost is Rs. 1,000/- to 3,000/- only.

5) Vegetables/Spices – Green leafy vegetables or spices like coriander, Turmeric,

Ginger & Chilly need 3-5 kg seed at Rs. 100-150/- kg totalling Rs. 500/- each &
Rs. 1,500/- to 2,000/- total max. For 3-5 deciable home stead garden. These start
yielding in 2-3 months & about 5-10 kg p.m. sold locally at Rs. 50-150/- kg. This
earns Rs. 500-1500/- p.m. with average of Rs. 1,000/- Fertilizer input needed are
cow dung 2-3 quintal at Rs. 3/- kg i.e. Rs. 1,000/- or microbe costing Rs. 1,500/-
a. e.g. Azotobactor for Nitrogen,
b. Phosphorus solubilising Bacteria (PSB);
c. Trichoderma (for pest/disease control),
d. Frateuria for potassium supply.

6) Poultry – A family can maintain local breed with 9 hens & 1 cock each on
average, costing Rs. 650/-. The poultry feed cost Rs. 100/- p.m. besides local agri
waste food. The gestation period is 4 months & then the family can earn-
20 eggs * Rs. 190/- = Rs. 200/-
1 bird * Rs. 400/-= Rs. 400/-
TOTAL- Rs. 600/- p.m.
Besides 2 chicks p.m. can earn Rs. 130/- extra.
Annual income /family can be Rs. 8,000/-
Pest/disease/medicine cost is low in Desi breed.
7) Tassar silk- Tassar silk larvae are fed on the leaves of Arjuna, Saja etc. trees & the
larvae eggs are bought at Rs. 1/- each. In 2 months max. the larvae weave
cocoons that can be sold at Rs. 6/- each locally, indicating much income. The
larvae ned protection from birds/ diseases. A tree can easily host 100 cocoons &
10 such trees/ family can earn it Rs. 6,000 bimonthly & about Rs. 25,000/- yearly
even if production is low/ hit in a few months like monsoon.

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