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MATERILAS REVIEWER NOTES

1. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement 9. The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix
shall be accurate within ____ % throughout the formula for the mixture supported by laboratory test
range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as data along with samples of resources of components
often as the Engineer may deem necessary to assure and viscosity – temperature relationships to the
their continued accuracy. Engineer for testing and approval at least ____.
a) 1.0 % c) 0.5 % a) two weeks c) one week
b) 1.5 % d) 2.0 % b) three weeks d) four weeks

2. When cement is placed in contact with the 10. The concrete samples should be stored in a moist
aggregate, batches may be rejected unless mixed conditioned temperature within the range of ____ until
within _____ hours of such contact. the time of test.
a) 1.5 hours c) 0.5 hours a)18* C to 24* C c) 14* C to 24* C
b) 2.0 hours d) 2.5 hours b) 15* C to 18* C d) 18* C to 28* C

3.When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant,


the mixing time shall not be less than ______ nor more 11. This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to
than ____ unless mixer performance test prove its high ____ property, that is, it absorb and retain
adequate mixing of concrete in a shorter time period. water.
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds a) Potassium Chloride c) Magnesium Chloride
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds b) Calcium Chloride d) Sodium Chloride
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds 12. The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in
cement/lime proportions should not be more than ____
4. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water .1 -
should be in the drum by the end of the first ____ a) 40 % c) 45 %
seconds of the mixing period. b) 50 % d) 55 %
a) 45 seconds c) 15 seconds
b) 30 seconds d) 20 seconds 13. The uniform rate at which the movable head of the
CBR machine travel is _____ .
5. Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the a) 0.05 in/ min c) 0.08 in /min
time the ingredients were charged into the mixing b) 0.10 in /min d) 0.09 in /min
drum shall be used.
a) 120 minutes c) 60 minutes 14. Cast in place concrete shall not be post –
b) 150 minutes d) 90 minutes tensioned until at least ____ and until the compressive
strength has reached the strength specified.
6.When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, a) 7 days c) 14 days
additional water may beaded to the batch and b) 10 days d) 20 days
additional mixing performed to increase the slump to
meet the specified requirement if permitted by the 15. The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of
Engineer, provided all these operation are performed asphalt.
within ____ after the initial mixing operation and the a) Consistency c) Hardness
water and cement ratio is not exceeded. b) Softness d) Flash Point
a) 30 minutes c) 45 minutes
b) 15 minutes d) 60 minutes 16. Specification requires one (1) Quality test for
every ____ of asphalt
7.A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. a) 20 tons c) 50 tons
At extraction, it was found out that the dry aggregate b) 200 tons d) 40 tons
weighed 950grams. What is the % of asphalt by weight
of mix? 17. The ____ is the most commonly used method in
a) 5.2 % c) 5.4 % the design and evaluation of bituminous concrete
b) 5.0 % d) 4.8% mixes.
a) Job mix formula c) Marshall Stability
8. The minimum penetration of the preservative with b) Design mix d) Extraction
the surface of the timber piles shall be ____
a) 150 mm c) 250 mm
b)20 mm d) 100 mm
18. Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 27.In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not
9,600 impulses per minute under load at a maximum suitable?
spacing of ____ cm. a) Item 301 c) Item 304
a) 30 cm c) 60 cm b) Item302 d) Item 308
b) 50 cm d) 40 cm
28.Unconfined compressive strength test is usually
19. The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in performed on______.
soundness test for aggregate should be within the a) Sandy soils c)Organic soils
range of ____. b) Silty soils d) Clayey soils
a)1.151 to 1.174 c) 1.051 to 1.154
b) 1.250 to 1.178 d) 1.058 to 1.184 29. Consolidation test is usually performed on ____
samples
20. The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution a) Disturbed c) Consolidated
used in soundness test for aggregate should be within b) Undisturbed d) both a & b
the range of ____ .
a) 1.280 to 1.408 c) 1.295 to 1.308 30. A concrete core sample having a maximum height
b) 1.180 to 1.308 d) 1.195 to 1.318 of less than_____ of its diameter before capping or
height less than its diameter after capping shall not be
21. Aggregate accounts for 92 – 95 % of the weight of tested.
the bituminous mixture asphalt accounts for 5 – 8 % of a) 93 % c) 95 %
the weight of the mix. The exact percentage to be b) 94 % d) 96 %
used is determined by the _____
a) Trial mix c) Job mix 31. The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested
b) Design mix d) Job order by
a) Tri axial shear test c) Bearing test
22. _____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is b) Direct shear test d) All of the above
overheated.
a) Blue smoke c) Rising steam 32. In concrete acceptance, core will be considered
b) Stiff appearance d) Mix slumps in truck adequate if the average strength of the cores is equal
to what?
23. In checking the temperature of the mix, a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less
the thermometer should be inserted into the mix at than 75% of specified strength
least ____. b) 90% of specified strength & if no single core is lesst
a) 2 inches c) 4 inches b) 6 inches d) 6.0 mm han 80% of specified strength
c) 85% of specified strength& if no single core
24. _____ is applied on existing bit, or cement is less than 75% of specified strength
concrete surface with bituminous materials.
a) Bituminous Prime Coat c) Bituminous Seal Coat 33. Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be
b) Bituminous Tack Coat d) Bituminous Surface done at least _____ before use.
Treatment a) one week c) two weeks
b) 14 days d) 12 days
25. The solution used in the soundness test of
aggregate shall be cooled to a temperature of 21 +or – 34. Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is
1* C and maintain at that foaming nor shall be heated at ____ at anytime after
temperature for at least _____. delivery.
a) 24 hours c) 48 hours a) 107* c) 120*
b) 36 hours d)18 hours b) 159*

26.Proper compaction of the fill materials is very 35. Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not
important, as it will ______. exceed ____ of the time it is introduce into the mixing
a) Increase the shear strength unit.
b) Decrease permeability a) 1.5 mass % c) 1 mass %
c) Minimize compressibility b) 2.0 mass %
d) All of the above
36. Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is 45. Minimum thickness of bedding materials
____. beneath the pipe is _____.
a) 1 % c) 3 % a) 100 mm c) 200 mm
b) 2 % b) 150 mm

37. Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be 46.Diameter Tolerance of gabion dimension is
exposed for more than how many hours? _________________.
a) 24 hours c)½ hour a) +/- .1mm c) +/-.3mm
b) 3 hours d) 72 hours b) +/- .2mm d) +/- .4mm

38. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with 47. Minimum thickness of galvanized wire mesh is
major honeycombed area that is considered as ____________.
defective work? a) 2.0 mm c) 2.7 mm
a) Plaster b)2.2 mm d) 3.4 mm
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an
adjustment 48. Minimum density of gabions is ___________.
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the a) 1,000 kg/cu. m c)1,400 kg/cu. m
contractor b) 1,200 kg/cu. m d) 1,500 kg/cu. m

39.If the strength of control specimen does not meet 49. Soundness loss of rocks used for field gabions is
the requirement and not feasible to obtain cores due to __________________.
structural consideration, as a Materials Engineer a) 9 % after 5 cycles c) 11 % after 5 cycles
what will be your decision? b) 10 % after 5 cycles d) 12 % after 5 cycles
a) Removed and replaced
b) Area will not be paid 50. The heating temperature of reflectorized
c) Payment will be made at an adjusted if thermoplastic material during application is _____
applicable a) 130 +/- 7* C c) 200 +/- 7* C
b) 150 +/- 7* C d) 211 +/- 7* C

40. After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to 51. The minimum quantity of sample for asphalt
maintain fully welted and in position for how many cement is -------.
hours? a) 5 kg c) 20 kg
a) 14 hours c)72 hours b) 10 kg d) 100 kg
b) 24 hours d) 15 – 18 hours
52. For how many years does the small Contractor
41. Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below given to procure necessary testing equipment?
sub grade within the limit of the roadbed a) 2 years c) 5 years
a) 100mm c) 200 mm b) 4 years d) 6 years
b) 150 mm
53. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less
42. Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____. than ____ and a width of___.
a) 3 meter c) 7 meter a) 40 mm & 6 mm c) 40 mm & 5 mm
b) 6 meter d) 4.5 meter b) 50 mm & 5 mm d) 50 mm & 6 mm
54. Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching
during rainy/wet period is acceptable
43. Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of a) False b) true
concrete less than _____ old.
a) 7 days c) 28 days 55. In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at
b) 14 day least ____ below the proposed grade line.
a) 0.50m c) 1.5 m
44. Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ b) 1.0 m d) 1.8 m
vehicle.
a) 20 % & 80 % c) 79 % & 21 % 56. The test that determines pile bearing capacity
b) 21 % & 79 % d) 80 % & 20 % by loading one or more pile and measuring settlement
under load is _____.
a) Vane shear test b) Pile load test
b) Plate bearing test
67. What is the rate of loading for concrete beam
57. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger tested for flexural stress?
or split spoon shall beat least ____. a) 110 – 150 psi/sec c)125 – 175 psi/min
a) 1 kg c) 10 kg b) 115 – 150 psi/sec d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
b) 20 kg d) 100 kg
68.In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal
58. Submission of sample for testing for cement is consistency of _____ when the rod settles to a point
_____. below the original surface in 30 secs.
a) 10 kg c) 15 kg a) 10 +/- 1 mm c) 15 +/- 1mm
b) 20 kg d) 40 kg b) 11 +/- 1 mm d) 20 +/- 1 mm

59. The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed 69.What the temperature of a concrete sample?
sample is _____. a) 10 – 15 * C c) 15 – 18* C
a) 10” long c) 20” long b)18 – 24 * C
b) 18” long
70.What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no.
60. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 200 sieve?
10,000 kg or less, what is the basis for acceptance of a) 1 % c) 3 %
material If is not in critical structure? b) 2 % d) 4 %
a) No testing c) Mill certificate
b) P.E, certificate d) Simplified test 71. Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up
to how many hours?
61.______ determines the best combination of the a) 1 hour c) 4 hours
material that will produce a potentially stable & durable b) 2 hours d) 8 hours
mixture.
a) Job mix formula c) Design of bituminous mix 72. Super plasticizer can increase the strength of
b) Marshall formula concrete up to how many percent?
a) 40 –60 % c) 50 – 70 %
62. _______ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder b) 50 – 60 % d) 60 – 70 %
sample subject to compression test
a) 20 - 40 psi/sec c) 15 – 40psi/sec 73.___________ is the moisture in an air – dried soil
B)20 - 50psi/sec d) 15 – 40 psi/sec a) Moisture Content
b) Natural Moisture Content
63.I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content
questionable, the minimum depth of boring into the d) Hydrometer Moisture Content
bedrock should be _______.
a) 1.5 m c) 2.5 m 74._________ is the tolerance of mix in bituminous.
b) 2.0 m d)3.0 m a) 10* C c) 15* C
b) 12* C d) 18* C

64. Determine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel 75._________ Number of measurement taken in a
plate usually30” diameter. core sample for thickness determination of the finish
a) Vane shear test c) Pile load test asphalt pavement
b) Plate bearing test d) None of the above a) 3 c) 5
b) 4 d) 8
65. How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned
for draining before being batch? 76. In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold
a) 1 hour c)12 hours is allowed by specification. What is the required
b) 6 hours d) 24 hours strength?based on blue book 2004,not anymore 2013.
a) 2,500 psi c) 3500psi
66. What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 b) 3,000 psi d) 4,000 psi
days of fine aggregates, when tested for the effect of
organic impurities, which is higher than the standard?
a) not less than 90 % c) not less than 95 %
b) not less than 80 % d) not less than 98 %
77. Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least b) Granular materials d) clayey materials
_____
a) 6 hours c) 24 hours 88.________ a classification of soil which 35% or
b) 12 hours more of the particles passthrough no. 200 sieve
a) Course Sand Soil c) Silty-Clay Materials
78. The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix b) Granular Materials d) Clayey Materials
is called breakdown rolling which is carried out by
pneumatic roller, temperature requirement must 89.It evaluate the quality of soil as highway subgrade
be _____. material.
a) 200 – 225* F c) 160 – 180* F a) Atterberg Limit c) Group Index
b) 190 – 199* F d)150 – 185* F b) Plasticity Index d) Liquid Limit

79. How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix 90.When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is
bituminous pavement are there in the blue book? the criteria of the material?
a) 5 c) 7 a)Coarse grain c) Clayey
b) 6 d) 8 b) Sandy d) Silty

80. What is the plasticity index of mineral filler? 91. When plasticity index is equal to 0
a)not greater than 4 c) not greater than 8 a) Coarse grain c) Clayey
b) not greater than 6 d) zero b) Sandy d) Silty

81. If no core had been taken at the end of each day of


operation and the project has already been completed, 92. _______ is an empirical number used in evaluation
a core shall be taken ________. for G.I.
a)for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane a) 0 – 15 c)0 – 20
b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane b) 5 – 20 d) 0 – 25

82. ________ is the slump of workable concrete if 93.It indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is
vibrated. equal to _____.
a) 10 – 20 mm c) 40 – 50 mm a) 0 c) 10
b) 10 – 40 mm d) 40 – 75 mm b) 5 d) 20

83.________ Burnt product which is used by Gypsum 94.It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I.
and pulverized to form Portland cement. is equal to _____.
a) Hydraulic cement c) Fly Ash a) 0 c) 10
b) Clinker d) Volcanic Ash b) 5 d)20

84.When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil? 95. ______ indicates the composition of soil.
a) weak soil c) good soil a)Atterberg Limit c) Group Classification
b) poor soil b) Plasticity Index

85.______ is a process of breaking down of rocks into 96.The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker
small pieces of various sizes that can range from large will be the soilperformance as a _____.
boulders to very small clay particles. a) True c) Depend
a) Consolidation c) Weathering b) False d) None of the above
b) Unconsolidation
97. _______ the Plasticity Index of group of silty,gravel
86.________ is the limit were further loss of water due and sandy soil
to evaporation which will not result in reduction of a) 0 c)10
volume. b) 6 d) 11
a) Plastic limit c) Shrinkage limit
b) Liquid limit 98. _______ is the minimum percent of A-6 group
classification of soil.
87.________ a classification of soil which 35% or less a) 0 % c) 35 %
the particles passthrough no. 200 sieve. b) 25 % d) 36 %
a) Grain size soil c) Silty clay materials
99. _______ is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay 110. Mass percent loose for fine aggregates
Materials when tested in Clay lumps is _____.
a) 0 c)20 a) 0.10 c) 0.80
b) 25 d) 35 b) 0.25 d) 1.0

100.When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be 111._________ is a type of cement which shall be
the soil performance? transferred to an elevated, air tight and weather proof
a) Poor Subgrade c) Good subgrade bins storage.
b) Very good subgrade d) None of the above a) Portland Cement c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cemenr d) None of the above
101.The weight of Sandy
soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______. 112.Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall
a) 10 grams c) 50 grams be accurate within _____.
b) 25 grams d) 100 grams a) 0.1% c) 0.5%
b) 0.25% d) 1.9%
102.The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer
Analysis is ______ 113.The minimum thickness of conventional concrete
.a) 10 grams c) 50 grams as the surface course in monolithic pavement is
b) 25 grams d) 100 grams _____.
a) 50 mm c) 100 mm
103. A 25 grams fine grained soil can be dried in about b) 75 mm d) 150 mm
______.
a) 1 hour c) 3 hours 114._____________ determines the resistance of the
b) 2 hours d) 4 hours emulsion to break when mixed with mineral aggregate.
a) Viscosity Test c) Spot test
104.A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about b) Distillation Test d) Cement Mixing
______.
a) 1 hour c) 3 hours 115._____________ is an instrument used for rapid in
b) 2 hours d) 4 hours – site measurement of the structural properties of
existing road pavement.
105.________ is a type of soil in which most of the soil a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester
grains are of the samesize. b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer
a) Poorly graded c) Gap graded c) Falling Weight Deflectometer
b) Well graded d) Non of the above d) Core Test

106.The soil grained are force apart by the 116. How many days does the emulsified asphalt
water added, thus the grain is reduced, what is the must be tested after delivery at temperature
method used? 40*F(4.5*C).
a) Lubrication c) Swelling a) 10 days c) 14 days
b) Welting d) Saturation b) 12 days d) 16 days

107.Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates 117.In bituminous mixture asphalt content is 5 – 8%
when tested for clay lump is _____. and 92 - 95%aggregates, what will be the amount of
a) 0.1 masspercent c) 0.8 mass percent additives?
b) 0.25 mass percent d) 1.0 mass percent a) not more than 2% c) more than 2%
b) not more than 3% d) more than 4%
108.The mass percent passing loose for coarse
aggregates when tested insoft fragment is ____. 118.___________ determines the effect of water on
a) 0.10 c) 3.5 the cohesion of the mixture
b) 0.25 d) 1.00 a) Stability Test c) Distillation
b) Solubility d) Immersion-Compression Test
109.If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is
______.
a) 30 – 100 kg/cu. m c)1,120 kg/cu. m 119. The distance of the sample by grooving before
b) 150 kg /cu. m d) 1,400 kg/cu. M rotating the brass cup is _____.
a) ¼” c) ¾”
b)½” d) 1” percentage to be used is determined by the _Trial
Mix_.
120. the most common method of assessing strength
and stiffness of both subgrade and pavement is 130._Blue smoke_ is an indication that the
_______. asphalt is over heated
a) FDT c) SPT
b) CBR d)Non of the above 131. The penetrator test is an indication of the
_Consistency_ of the asphalt
121. How many days do the specimen for CBR
soaked? 132._Marshall Stability Test_ is the most common
a) 1 day c) 3 days used method in the design and evaluation of
b) 2 days d) 4 days bituminous concrete mixes

122.When mixed at the site or a


in central mixing plant, the mixing time shall not be 133._Extraction Test_ determines the asphalt content
less than _50__ seconds nor more than _90_ seconds in the bituminous mixes.
unless mixer performance test prove adequate mixing
of the concrete in a shorter time period. 134. Cast in place concrete shall not be post-
tensioned until at least _10_ days and until the
123. The batches shall be so charged into the drum compressive strength has reached the strength
that a portion of the mixing water shall enter in specified
advance of the cement and aggregate. The flow of
water shall be uniform and all water should be in the 135.This is the characteristic generally used for
drum by the end of the _15_ seconds of the mixing calculation of the volume occupied by the aggregate in
period various mixture containing aggregates including
Portland Cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and
124.The time elapsed from the time water is other mixtures that are proportioned or analyzed on an
added to the mix until the concrete is deposited at the absolute volume basis.Answere: Bulk Specific
site shall not exceed _90_ minutes when concrete is Gravity
hauled in the truck.
136._Apparent Specific Gravity_ pertains to
125.When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, the relative density of the soil material making up the
additional water maybe added to the batch and constituents particle not including the pore space
additional mixing performed to increase the slump to within the particles that is accessible to water.
meet the specified requirement if permitted by the
Engineer, provided all these operation are performed 137.Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test
within _45_ minutes after the initial mixing operation is _100 grams_
and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded
138.Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for
126.Concrete not placed within _90_ minutes from the Hydrometer test is _50 grams_
time the ingredients were charge into the mixing drum
should not be use. 139. These are widely used to control the
characteristics of soil which are to be incorporated in
127. The completed pavement shall be accepted on a roadway. Ans. Liquid and Plastic Limits
lot basis. A lot shall be considered as
_500_ linear meter double lane 140.This is defined as the highest moisture content of
which the mass attainsits minimum volume but
128. Each lot shall be divided into _5_ equal segment continues to lose weight /mass. Ans. ShrinkageLimit
and one core will be obtained from each segment in
141._Le Chattelier Flask___ is an apparatus used in
accordance with AASHTO T24.
determination of specific gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
129. Aggregate account for 92
142._Autoclave Machine_ is an equipment used
– 95% of the weight of the bituminous mix while
in determination of soundness of Portland Cement
asphalts for 5 – 8% of the weight of the mix. The exact
143.Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from 157. ______ is the viscosity used to grade asphalt ce
water, and shall not foam when heated to _175* ment .
C(347* F)_ Ans.149F ( 60*C)

144._Cement Mixing Test of Asphalt_ 158.The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is ____
indicate the rate at which the asphalt emulsion will .
break when mix with aggregate . Ans. Retained by2.36mm (no 8 sieve)

145.The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when 159.The application temperature of emulsified asphalt
tested to sodium sulfate, soundness loss shall not range from ____.
exceeds__9%__ Ans.10-71*C

146.Gabions dimensions are subject to 160. When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be
a tolerance limit of _+/- 3%_ heated to free flowing but not to exceed ___________.
Ans. 149*C
147. The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at
least 161._______ is used to determine the soil strength
11*C(20*F) lower than the safe heating temperature, parameter.
which is the maximum temperature to which the Ans.Unconfined and Tri-Axial Compression Test
material may be heated without exceeding the
permitted flow. 162. ________ is used
to determine the settlement characteristic of soil.
148. The penetration of concrete Ans.Consolidation
joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic Type shall not
exceed_90_ 163.The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger
or split spoon shall beat least__________
149.The CBR is generally selected at _2.54 mm (0.10 Ans. 1.0 kg
in)_ penetration.
164.The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall
150. If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is be atleast______.
greater,it should be _Rerun_ Ans.. 18” long

151. If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 165._______ determines the pile bearing capacity
5.08 mm penetration shall be__adopted or used__ by loading one or more piles and measuring
settlement under load.
152. The penetration piston of CBR machine Ans. Pile Load Test
should have a uniform penetration at a rate of __1.30
mm/min__ 166.________ determines the in-site shear strength of
soft to medium clay.
153. During soaking maintain the water level in the Ans. Vane Shear Test
mold and the soaking tank is approximately __25.40
mm ( 1.0 in )__ above the top of the specimen 167._______ determines the soil bearing capacity
by loading a steel plate usually 30 inches in diameter.
154. Soak the specimen for _96 hours (4days) __ Ans. Plate Bearing Test

155. The diameter of penetration piston is ____ . Ans. 168. Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate
49.63 +/- 0.23mm (1935 cu m) or otherwise determine the characteristic or
performance materials or products.
Ans... Testing Laboratory

156.The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered 169. Standard technical procedure to determine one or
to the mixer shall beas required to achieve a kinetic more specified characteristic of material product
viscosity in the range of ______. is called___.
Ans. 150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to 300 centistokes Ans. Test Method
170. A document which pertains to the 180.This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency
test results and other information relevant to test is and is the basis of classification of all solid and semi-
called _____ solid asphalt.
Ans... Test Report Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt

181. This is a process to measure the consistency


of liquid asphaltic materials to determine their fluidity
or resistance to flow.
171.__________ is a document signed by the Ans... Viscosity Test
Director of BRS issued to Testing laboratory
authorizing them to perform the required test inbehalf 182._________ was developed in order to differentiate
of DPWH. bituminous materials with respect to hardening
Ans. Certificate of Accreditation characteristic.
Ans... Thin Film Oven Test
172. This test have been developed to measure the
loss of cohesion as a result of water action on the 183. Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be
compacted bituminous mixture. sampled in accordance with the Standard Method of
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion – Compression T Sampling Bituminous Mixture. A sample not less than
est ______ kg is taken and place in sample bag that
would insure against contamination. This is taken
173. This mean porosity or perviousness of the every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix.
mixture, a dense grade mix prevent water from Ans... 10 kgs
entering the base through the surface.
Ans.. Permeability 184. The bearing blocks of the compression machine
should be at least _____ greater than the diameter of
174. This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into the specimen.
grades. It is useful as a measure to control of Ans... 3.0 %
consistency, particularly when run at the
temperature of intended application
Ans…Viscosity Test 185. The bottom bearing block shall be at least
_____ thick
175. This test determines the total bitumen content of When new
asphaltic materials, which is the actual cementing Ans. 1.0” (22.50 mm )
constituent of the asphalt.
Ans.. Solubility Test 186. The bottom bearing block shall be at least
_______ thick after anyresurfacing operations..
176.This is an accelerated test to show the loss of Ans. 0.9” (22.50 mm )
volatiles when the sample is heated at 163*C for five
hours and the loss due to volatilization is determined. 187. The curing temperature of a
Ans… Loss on Heating specimen before testing is ______.
Ans. 18*C to 24*C
177.This test classifies the different asphalt into types
and the different types into grade. 188. The apparatus used to determine the flash point
Ans.. Consistency Test of asphalticmaterial is called ____
Ans. Cleveland Open Cup
178.For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on
the residue after distillation.. 189. The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration
Ans.. Quality Test test should be subjected to water bath at a
temperature of 25*C for ____.
Ans... 11/2 hours
179.This is one of the most important engineering
properties of soil. It is defined as its ability to resist 190.The concrete shall not be left exposed for more
sliding along internal surface within the mass.. than ____ hour between stages of curing or during the
Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil curing period.
Ans... ½ hour
191.The rate of application of bituminous prime coat a) 20-14 c) 0 – 6
is ____. b) 0 – 12
a) 1-2L/sq. m. c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m.
b) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m. d) 0.5-2L/sq. m. 202.The number of specimen samples in testing
concrete hollow block is _____.
192.Another name for asphalt joint filler is_______. a) 6pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for
a) asphalt cement c) blown asphalt strength test )
b) rock asphalt d) cutback asphalt b) 4 pcs./20,000 units
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units
193.In asphalting work, there are _______ phase
of rolling 203.Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen?
a) 2 c)1 a) Yes c) No
b) 3 d) 4 b) None of the two

194.The _____ test determines the asphalt content 204.The kind of test that determines the consistency of
in the bituminous mix. concrete is _____.
a) Grading c)Extraction a) Slump test c)Abrasion test
b)Bulk Specific Gravity d) Absorption b) Specific Gravity

205.What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical


sample?
195.In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of a) 6” dia. And 12” high c) 8” dia. And 14 high
aggregate. What kind of passes the no. 200 sieve? b) 4” dia and 8” high

a) Coarse c) Mineral Filler 206.In the absence of concrete beam mold at the
b) Fine d) Admixture project site, are concrete cylindrical molds allowed by
the specification to be used in
sampler for item 311 – PCCP?
196.Liquid asphalt is also called ___________. a) Yes
a) Cutback asphalt c) Blown asphalt b) may be
b) Emulsion d) Asphalt cement c) No

197.The different test for soil classification are: 207.The minimumpercent compaction for embankment
a) compaction and FDT is _______.
b) Hydrometer test and moisture content a) 92% b) 95%c) 97%
c) Grading, LL and PL test
208.The minimum percent compaction for base
198.The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit of the road is ______
and plastic limit test iscalled___ . a) 100% b)110%c) 105%
a) Sieves and chisel c) mortar andpestle
b) Atterberg Device and glass plate 209. The CBR value of aggregate
base course is not less than ____.
199._________ is a method of laboratory sampling. a) 80% b) 90%c) 85%
a) Mixing c) Proportioning
b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering 210.The CBR value of aggregate
subbase course is not less than ____.
200.In laboratory compaction test/moisture density a) 25% b)35%c) 30%
relation test, what is the specification of rammer?
a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop 211.The minimum compressive strength for class A
b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with 16 in drop concrete is ________.
c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight with 18 in drop a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7 MN/sq.m )
b)2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )
201. What is the specification of mass present passing
in sieve 0.075 mm (No.200 ) grading “A” for aggregate 212.What is the significance of determination of
base course. the tensile properties of reinforcing steel bars?
a) This method is intended to determine the yield and
tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation, 222.The drying temperature of sample is ________
and is used to classify the bars into grade a) 110 +/- 5*C
b) This method is intended to evaluate the ductile b) 100 +/- 5*C
properties of the reinforcing bars c)100*C
c) None of the above
223._______ is a solid asphalt which is a basic
213.A tie bar should be ______ constituent of all other asphalt called as hot asphalt or
a) deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar penetration grade asphalt.
a) Asphalt Cement
214.A dowel bar should be ____________. b) Emulsified Asphalt
a) deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar c) Cutback Asphalt

215. The mortar for masonry shall consist of ________ 224.________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is
.a) one part Portland cement and 2 parts of sand a mixture of asphalt cement and kerosene.
b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand a) Medium Curing Cutback
c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rapid Curing Cutback
216. The apparatus used to measure the thickness or
height of compacted bituminous paving mixture. 225.________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a
a) Ruler b) Vernier Califer c) Steel Tape mixture of asphalt cement and oil.
a) Slow Curing Cutback
217. It is used in calculating the unit weight of b) Emulsified Asphalt
the mixture and the degree of compaction of the c) Blown Asphalt
asphalt pavement.
a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous
mixtures using saturated surface dry specimen. 226.________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a
b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures mixture of asphalt cement and gasoline
c) Mass of specimen in water a) rapid Curing Cutback
b) Blown Asphalt
218. The test which covers the quantitative c) Joint Filler
determination of bitumen in hot-mixed paving mixtures
and pavement samples for 227.Asphalt is defined as _________.
specification acceptance,service evaluation, control an a) A petroleum product
d research. b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose
a) Extraction consistency range sfrom solid to semi-solid and whose
b) Spot Test main constituent is called bitumen which is either
c) Flash Point found in nature or as a residue in petroleum refining.
c) None of the above
219.The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is
_____. 228. It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture
a) Diesel oil of asphalt cement and water with emulsified with
b) Gasoline pungent odor.
c) Water a) Emulsified Asphalt
b) Asphalt Cement
220.The percent of bitumen content is computed c) Rapid Curing Asphalt
based on ______.
a) mass of raw sample 229. Joint filler in concrete pavement is a __________.
b) mass of dry aggregate a) Blown Asphalt
c)mass of asphalt b) Hot asphalt
c) Liquid asphalt
221.The method used to determine the grading of
aggregate extracted from bituminous mixture is ____. 230. A device used to measure the relative hardness
a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate of asphalt is __________.
b) Stability Test a) Penetrometer
c) Viscosity b) Spectometer
c) Vicat Apparatus 240.____________ is a property of bituminous mixes
in pavement to resist deformation or displacement due
231. A property of asphalt cement to stretch without to impose load or repeated loading.
breaking iscalled________. a) Stability
a) Ductility b)Flexibility
b)Durability c)Tensile
c)Tensile
241.____________ is a property of bituminous mixes
232.It is a point where the volatile components of in pavement to resist disintegration or deterioration
asphalt will evaporate. due to the action of water, traffic and changing climate
a) Fire Point a) Durability
b) Flash Point b) Flexibility
c) Center Point c)Ductility

233.It determines whether asphalt is over heated or 273. The minimum flexural strength requirement
not during the process of manufacture. of beam sample when tested by third point
a) Spot Test loading method is ____________.
b) Boil Test a) 3.5 Mpa
c) Extraction Test b) 3.8 Mpa
c) 4.0 Mpa
234.An apparatus used to determine the
specific gravity of asphalt is called ______. 274.The minimum flexural strength requirement
a) Metal Pycnometer of beam sample when tested by midpoint method is
b)Glass Pycnometer ____________.
c) any bottle a) 4.5 Mpa
b) 3.5 Mpa
235.Consistency test for asphalt is c) 5.0 Mpa
called___________.
a) Viscosity 275.____________ are additives used in mixing
b) Slump test concrete.
c)Loss in ting a) sodium chloride
b) Admixtures
236.A process of c) curing agent
volatilization test which measures the relative
proportion of asphalt to oil. 276.____________ determines the consistency of
a) Distillation concrete.
b) Extraction a) Slump Test
c) Float Test b) Consolidation test
c) Viscosity
237. It is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt.
a) Softening Point 277. Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh
b) Boiling Point concrete.
c) Fire Point a) Jack hammer
b) Vibrator
238.The sampling requirement of asphalt is _____ . c) Drilling machine
a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons
b) 1 sample for every 100 drums 278. The prescribed forms to be used in concrete
c) 1 sample for every shipment paving is called ____________
a) steel forms
239.The component of bituminous mixes which b) Wooden
range from 92 to 96%is called __________. c) Combination of steel and wood
a) Bituminous Blended Aggregate
b) Concrete Aggregate 279. The initial setting time of
c) Sand Portland cement is not less
than _________________.
a) 30min.
b) 45min. a) first seven days
c) 90 min. b) first 10 days
c) 28 days
280.The final setting time of Portland cement Type I
is _____________. 289.The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical
a) 6.25hrs. sample is ___________.
b) 24 hrs. a) 6” dia. and 12” tall
c) 36 hrs. b)6” dia. and 6” tall
c) 6” dia. and 8” tall
281.The standard sand used in testing the mortar
strength of Portlandcement is called __________. 290.There are two layers in performing sampling of
a) Ottawa Sand beam samples. How many numbers of blows are
b) Beach Sand required per layer?
c) River Sand a) 63 blows
b) 75 blows
282.The apparatus used in determining the fineness of c) 50 blows
Portland cement by air permeability is __________ .
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus 291.There are three layers in performing sampling of
b) Sieve No. 200 concrete cylinder. How many blows are required per
c) Gillmore layer?
a) 25 blows
283.A mixture of cement and water is called b) 30 blows
____________. c ) 35 blows
a) cement paste
b) mortar paste 292.The formula which determines the proportion of
c)concrete paste the mix which can meet the desired strength
requirement of concrete is called____________.
284.The apparatus used to determine the a) design of concrete mix
initial and final setting of cement in the laboratory b) Boyle’s Formula
is _________. c) Bernouli’s Formula
a) Gillmore needles
b) Bailey needle 293.The minimum testing requirement for
c) Vicat apparatus every project is indicated in a duly
approved________.
285.The compressive strength of cement mortar a) Quality Control Program
sample in sevendays is not less than _________. b) Program of Work
a) 19.3 MN/sq. m c) Work Schedule
b) 20 MN/sq. m
c) 24 MN/sq. m 294.It is prescribed in each project based on estimated
quantities and specifies the kind and number of test for
286.What each item of work.
is the appearance of the molded cement paste which f a) Minimum number of work
ails to meet the autoclave b) Minimum Testing Requirements
expansion.______________. c) Work Schedule
a) Crumble
b) Shiny 295. Embankment materials delivered at the job site
c) Changes color was about 12,000 cu. m. The minimum test
requirement calls for 1 – G, P, C for every 1,500 cu. m.
287.The dimension of beam sample for paving a) 10 – G, P, C
concrete is ___________. b) 8 – G, P, C
a) 6” x 6” x 21” c) 6 – G, P, C
b) 6” x 6” x 24”
c) 4” x 4”x218” 296. There is 1 – Q cement required for every
_________________.
288.The critical number of days of curing concrete a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof
is ____________. b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
c) 10,000 bags 305. The minimum test requirement for
paint is ______________.
297.There is – Q of rein.steel required for a) 1 – sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof
every ____________________. b) 1 – sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof c) Mill Certificate
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof 306. The minimum test requirement for water used in
concrete for a questionable source is ______.
298.How many set of beam samples taken for every a)P.E. Certificate
75 cu. m. of concretepoured per day? b) 1 – Quality Test
a)one ( 1 ) set c) Inspection Report
b) two ( 2 ) sets
c)three ( 3 ) sets 307. Based on the maximum dry density obtained by
laboratory test, the degree of compaction required for
299.In a completed pavement, what is the aggregate subbase should be at
minimum core samples required before payment is least _______________________.
effected? (Assuming that the thickness is23 cm. ) a) 95%
a) Fiveholes per km per lane b) One hole per 500m c) 100%
c) P.E. b) 98%
Certificate d) None of the above

300.In a Barangay road, what is the minimum 308.Per our present Specification for
requirement for thickness determination of its Highways and Bridges including amendments, it is
completed pavement? mandatory to open PCCP to traffic not later
a) Five holes per km per lane than ___________.
b) P.E. Certificate c)One hole a) 7days after pouring
b) 21 days after pouring
301.A quality test is one of the minimum c) 14 days after pouring
requirement for item 200 –aggregate subbase course. d) 28 days after pouring
a) True
b)False 309. In casting reinforced
c)optional concrete railings, the concrete used
is _____________.
302.There is no CBR test for item 300 – aggregate a) ClassA1 c) Class C1
surface course. b) Class A2 d) any of the preceding classes
a) True
b) False 310.For efficient compaction, the embankment
c) optional materials should at the timeof rolling be ______.
a)dry c) at optimum moisture content
303.In item 311 and b) wet d) at maximum moisture content
405, grading is perform _______________.
a) for every 75 cu. m.
b) for every 300 cu. m. 311.For a road base course the most preferable
c) none material is one with CBR of ____________.
a) 60 c) 50
304.For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum b) 30 d) 80
test is 1 – Pipe for every 50 pipes. What is the
alternative requirement? 312.Peat and muck are ______________.
a) 1 – set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder a) fair subgrade spoil c) unsuitable soil
samples for not more than25 pipes cast in the field b) stable soil d) good subgrade soil
and 1 – inspection report for each size for not
more than 25 pipes cast in the field. 313The slump test on concrete is a measure _______
b) Inspection report is enough _______
c) Mill Certificate a) strength c) consistency
b) unit weight d) durability
314.The fineness modulus is highest of ___________ 324.In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete
______. used is ____________.
a) fine sand c) very coarse sand a) A1 c) C1
b) very fine sand d) coarse sand b) D d) C2

315.If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain 325.The natural water content of highly organic soil is
strength beyond 180 days. __________.
a) True c) it depends on curing temperature a) less than 20 c) between 50 and 100
b) False b) between 20 and 50 d) more than 100%

316.The quality of paving concrete is usually 326. Which of the following dead load is equivalent for
measured by its _____________. loose sand, earth and gravel fill?
a) compressive c) flexural a) 2,403tons/cu. m. c) 1,603 tons/cu. m.
b) tensile d) bond strength b) 1,922 tons/cu. m. d) 2,150 tons/cu. m.

317.Generally speaking, batching of 327.Rate of application for curing compound


concrete aggregates by volume is preferable than is _______________.
weight. a) 0.30 li/sq. m. c) 0.15 li/sq. m.
a) True c) False b) 0.20 li/sq. m. d) 0.10 li/sq. m.
b) they are the same
328.During coring of completed pavement, how
318.If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete many cores /km/lane is required as per specification?
mix, it will require more ________________ a) 4 c) 6
a) water c) water and fine aggregates b) 5 d) 7
b) fine aggregates d) neither a and b
329.What is the correct proportion for concrete
319.The most favorable period for curing concrete is masonry work?
______________. a) 1: 2 c) 1: 4
a) during the first few days or week b) 1: 3 d) 1 : 5
b) after 3 days
c) after one week 330.The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the
d) before 28 days opening of a ¼sieve.
a) true
320.Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes b)false
improves ________________. c) they are the same
a) strength c) water tightness
b) durability d) all of the preceding 331.The standard compaction test on predominantly
fine grained soils is performed on soil fraction
passing sieve no. ___________
a) 200 c) 16
321.When concrete must be placed in a sloping b) 40 d) 4
surface, placing should startat the __________.
a) bottom c) can be top or bottom 332.Which plasticity index would you prefer for the bas
b) top e course of PCCP?
a) less than 6 c) 10 to 12
322.The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for b)6 to 9 d) more than 12.
concrete coarse
aggregate is __________. 333.A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway
a) 30% c) 45% research board method will have a subgrade rating
b) 40% d) 50% of __________.
a) excellent c) fair
323. The plasticity index of aggregate base course b) good d) poor
should be not greater than ___________.
a) 6 c)10 334.The empirical number used in design is
b) 8 d) 12 ____________.
a) Plasticity index
b) Group index 345.Soil is fully saturated if the water content is
c) Both of the preceding ______________.
a) at optimum amount c) more than 100&%
335. Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture b) 100% d) none of the peceeding
content.
a) True 346.The density to which a soil can be compacted
b) False is related to ____________.
c) It depends on void ratio a) compactive effort c) both a and b
b)water content d) neither a or b
336. Water content of soil is generally
base on ____________. 347.Specification require 1 quality test
a) total weight of soil c) weight of solids every ___________ of asphaltmix.
b) total volume of soil d) unit weight test a) 40 ton c) 50 tons
b) 130 tons d) 150 tons
337. Optimum water content of soil is determined
by ______________. 348.All asphalt are _______,
a) field density test c) compaction test they became harder as temperature decreases
b) liquid limit test d) unit weight test and softer as their temperature increases.
a) Thermoplastic c) brittle
338.The particle size distribution of soil is determined b) Hydrophobic d) none of the above
by __________________.
a) liquid limit granular c) sieve analysis test 349.The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay
b) plastic limit test d) any of the preceding test down is ____________.
a) Viscosity at 135*C c) viscosity at 60*C
339. Which of the following are most suitable for b) Viscosity at 125*C d) viscosity at 163*C
construction of highway embankments?
a) granular c) plastic 350.The trial section for compaction for each type of fill
b) fine- grained d) clayey materials andtype of equipment to be used in the work
should have an areaof__________.
340.The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is a)500 sq. m. c) 600 sq. m. b) 335 sq. m.
determined by ________. d) 400 sq. m.
a) hydrometer test c) dilantacy test
b) sieve test d) any of the preceding test 351.Control slip shall have an area of approximately
____________.
341.The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a) 500 sq. m. c) 600 sq. m.
a group index of ___________ b) 335 sq. m. d) 400 sq. m.
a) less than3 c) 11 to 15
b) 5 to 10 d) 16 to 20 352.Fine aggregate used in
asphalt mix is the one ________________.
342.The highest moisture content in the plastic state of a) passing the no. 8 sieve
fine grained soil isthe ___________. b) passing the no. 30 sieve
a) liquid limit b) plastic limit c) passing the no. 200 sieve
d) returned the no. 8 sieve
343.Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable
materials? 353.The corrugation produce
a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80 by brooming is _____________.
b) plasticity index exceeding 55 a) 1.5 mm. c) 2.5 mm.
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100% b) 2.0 mm. d) 1.0 mm.
d) all of the above
354.The higher the ________, the higher
344.Shringkage factor test is _______________. the penetration.
a) test to determine pay volume a) specific gravity c) durability
b) test to determine strength characteristic b) viscosity d) solubility
c) test to determine volume change
d) test to determine maximum density 355.The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint
in PCCP is __________.
a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm. c) 3.3 to 3.8 mm.
b) 3.0 to 4.5 mm. d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm 364.What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of
any construction materials?
356.What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to a) Certificate of Billingc) Statement of work accomplis
the mixture during mixing operation of asphalt mix? hed
a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass % c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass %. b)Materials Test Report d) none of the abcve
b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass % d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %
365. Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be
357.As Materials Engineer, what performed with a ______ roller.
would you recommend in order to check the suitability a) Vibrator c) sheep foot
and efficiency of the equipment to used prior to b) Pneumatic d) none of the above
subbase construction for item 310, Bituminous
Concrete Surface Course? 366.In bituminous mix sample, what is the %
a) make a trial section c) make trial mix of asphalt by a) weight of aggregate and by b) weight
b) establish control strips d) none of the above of mix? Given the following data:Weight of dry
aggregates (after extraction) = 950 grams: Weight
of Mix = 1010.
358. Quality of factor – produced reinforced concrete A.
pipes may be best established through what? a) 6.32%
a)compressive strength test b)5.50%
b) flexural strength test c) 6.0%
c) core test d) none of the above
d) crushing strength test B. a) 5.50% b) 6.32% c) 6.0% d) 5.94%

367.What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of


359.Result of Immersion – Compression 0 – 30?
test conducted on a bituminous mix sample are as a) emulsified asphalt c) blown asphalt
follow: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa, Wet stability = 1,000 b) asphalt cement d) none of the above
Kpa,What is the resulting Index of Retained Strength?
a) 60% c) 50% 368.Problems regarding quality of construction
b) 55% d) 70% materials shall be reported directly by the
Contractor’s Materials Engineer to the ____________.
360.In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the a) DPWH Materials Engineer
sole responsibility of ___________. c) Contractor’s Project Engineer
a) the DPWH project personnel b) Contractor d) none of the above
b) the government’s Materials Engineer
c) the Contractor 369.If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast
in the field, how many pipes will be required to be
361.As Materials Engineer, when is the right time subjected to the Crushing Strength test?
to start sampling and testing of materials to be a) 75 pcs.
incorporated into the work? b) 70 pcs.
a) before final payment c) 50 pcs
b) before start of work items
c) before first partial payment 370.How many concrete cylinder samples are required
for 3,500 pcs. of reinforced concrete pipes?
362.The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine a) 14 sets of 3 c) 75 sets of 3
what? b) 140 sets of 3 d) none of the above
a) Cleanliness c) safe working temperature
b)overheating duringmanufacture 371. What is the bitumen obtained from the
d) viscosity of the mix distillation coal or wood?
a) rock asphalt c) emulsion
363.Underwhat climate b) tar d) none of the above
conditions do we use higher penetration
grade asphalt cement? 372.How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium
a) hot climate c) cold climate – Curing Cutback Asphalt?
b)rainy weather d) none of the above By mixing it with _______.
a) gasoline c) kerosene 382.When is the completed asphalt pavement opened
b) diesel d) emulsion to traffic?
a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric
373.What establish the exact percent of aggregates temperature
and asphalt content in abituminous mix _______. b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the
a) design mix c) job mix formula spreading temperature
b) job order d) extraction formula c) when asphalt is still hot

374.What greatly influence the serviceability of an 383.The apparatus used in determining the
asphalt pavement? consistency of asphalt cement is ___________.
a) quality of aggregates and climate a) penetrometer
b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt b) Viscometer
c) density and compaction of completed pavement c)thermometer

375.In asphalt pavement 384.How is the consistency of liquid asphalt


construction, how is the surface level of the determined?
completed pavement check? a) viscometer
a) by T – core test b) Tag open cup
b) bydensity test c) penetrometer
c) by the use of 3 meter straight edge
385.The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in
376.What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be Marshall Stability Test is the average asphalt content
selected? of the Maximum Stability, Maximum Bulk Specific
a) penetration c) climate Gravity, and _________________. a) 4% Air Voids
b) class of aggregate d) temperature b) 2 mm flow
c) 5% mineral content
377.Who will approve the Job Mix Formula?
a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer 386.What test determines the safe working
b) Contractor temperature of the asphalt?
c) Contractor’s Materials Engineer a) Ductility test
b) Flash Point Test
378.What control c) Stability Test
during the mixing and compaction of the bituminous
pavement is of great significance in the resulting 387._________________ are usually tested for extract
pavement? ion.
a) Compaction c) grading of aggregates. a) Asphalt Mixes
b) Density d) temperature b) emulsions
c) asphalt cement
379. In asphalt pavement
construction, there are three phases of rolling; what 388.Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are
kind of roller is required to be used for the final tested for their __________ properties.
compaction and smoothing?. a) tensile and bending
a) pneumatic roller b) compressive
b) sheep foot roller c) crushing
c) tandem- smooth wheeled roller.
389.What method is used in determining the
380.What is the maximum speed of the roller in strength of concrete pipes?
compaction of asphalt pavement? a) third point loading method
a) 4 kph c) 8kph b) center point loading method
b)5 kph d) 6 kph c) three edge bearing method

381. What shall be checked after final rolling? 390.How many units shall be tested for strength,
a) Degree of compaction b) optimum asphalt content c moisture and absorption in a lot of 120,000 CHB
)quantity of aggregates Ans.. 18 units
391.For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how Ans.. Non volatile material
many samples are required to be submitted for Quality
Testing? 403.___________ consist of beads of good quality,
a) 3 samples optically clear, lead free glass with not less than 90%
b) 2 samples reasonably spherical and free from flows.
c) 4 samples Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint

392.The bituminous mix should have a mass % 404.___________ is a reflector which shall be
of air voids within the range of __________. the short base type having a maximum base area of
a) 2 to 3% 180 mm x 140 mm.
b) 1 to 4% Ans. Flash surface reflective stud
c) 3 to 5%
405.The pads shall be highly resilient and durable
393.Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at rubber reinforced with canvas and shall have a design
the rate of 0.33li/sq. m. and shall dry sufficiently to be life of at least ____________.
free it from cracking from ___________. . Ans. Five ( 5 ) years
Ans. 150to 30mins.
406.The reflectors shall have the minimum specific
394.This is the only class of riprap that may consist of intensity value expressed as ______ of illumination.
round natural stones.
Ans.. Class A Riprap Ans.. Candle power per foot candle

395.The surface of riprap shall not vary 407.The reflector shall support a vertical load
from the theoretical surface by more than _________ of _____ when tested.
mm. ay any point. Ans. 10 KN
Ans.. 100 mm.
408.When raised profile type reflector are
396.Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the _ specified the approved _______ epoxy adhesive shall
_______ mm.sieve. be used .Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts
Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve )
409.Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of
397.Mortar that is not used within ______ minutes less than ________ mm. shall not be subject to a
after the water has-been added shall be discarded. requirement for water absorption.
Ans. 90 minutes Ans. 9.5 mm

398.Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the 410.Expansion joint filler having a
pitch lines shall not be more than _____. nominal thickness of less than ________ mm. shall not
Ans.. 50 mm. be subject to a requirement for compaction.
Ans.. 13 mm.
399.In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be
satisfactory protected from the sun and shall be kept 411.Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the
wet for a period at least _________ after completion. specified dimension within the permissible variation of
Ans.. Three ( 3 ) days ______ mm. thickness ________ in depth shall be
reflected.
400.For pavement markings, the composition of white Ans. +/- 1.6 to – 0 thickness ; +/- 3mm. in depth
paint shall be _______ pigment and ______% of
vehicle 412.These are finely divided residue that result
Ans.. 42 – 45 % pigment ; 53 –55% vehicle from the combustion of ground or powdered coal.
Ans. Fly Ash
401.The composition of yellow paint shall be _______
pigment and ______ vehicle. 413.A light spray application of asphalt to an existing
Ans.. 23% pigment and 77% vehicle pavement as a seal to inhibit raveling, or seal
the surface or both.
402.The __________ material shall be of such quality Ans.. Fog Seal
that it will not darken or become yellow when a thin
section is exposed to sunlight.
414.A light application of bituminous 424.___________ is a spray application of bituminous
material for the express purpose of laying and bonding material used to temporarily stabilize a recently
loose dust. seeded area. The bituminous material can be applied
Ans.. Dust Binder to the soil or to a straw or hay mulch as a tie down.
Ans. Mulch treatment
415.The aggregate that is graded from the 425.___________ is a combination of bituminous
maximum size, down to and including filler, with the material and aggregate that isphysically mixed by
object of obtaining a bituminous mix with a controlled mechanical means, spread on the job site
void content and high stability is called. andcompacted.
Ans.Dense – graded aggregate Ans. BituminousAggregate Mixtures

416.The bituminous material used to fill and seal


cracks in existingpavement is called______. 426.__________ is a combination of
Ans. Crack filler bituminous material and mineral aggregate applied at
ambient temperature for use in patching
417.The application of sprayed bituminous coatings holes,depression and distress area in existing paveme
not involving theuse of aggregate is called_____. nt.
Ans. Bituminous application Ans.Maintenance Mix

418.A mixture of bituminous material and mineral 427.__________ is a pavement construction using
aggregate usuallyprepared in a conventional hot – mix essentially one-sizeaggregate which penetrated in
plant or drum mixer at atemperature of not more than place by an application of highviscosity bituminous
______ and spread and compacted at the job site at a material followed by an application of smallersize
temperature above _______. course aggregate and thoroughly rolled,
Ans. 260*F (127*C)/200*F (93*C Ans. Penetration Macadam

419.__________ is an application of low viscosity 428.The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have
bituminous material to an absorptive surface designed a minimum of ______ % true spheres.
to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this existing surface Ans. 70%
and to promote adhesion between it and the new
super-impose construction. 429.The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive
Ans. PrimeCoat index of ______ .
.Ans. 1.50
420. A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified
asphalt, fine aggregate,mineral filler, and water to 430.The white thermoplastic
an existing pavement , single or material shall not exceed a yellowish index of ______.
multipleapplication may be used. Ans. 0.12
Ans. Slurry Seal
431.The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum
421._____________ is an application of bituminous percent residue of _____ after heating at 8 +/- 0.5
material applied for an existing, relatively non- hours at 218 +/- 2*C
absorbent surface to provide a thorough Ans. 28%
bondbetween old and new surfacing.
Ans. Tack Coat 432.The softening point of thermoplastic paint should
be _______.
422.____________ is a bituminous aggregate Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C.
application to any type of road or pavement surface for
the purpose of providing a wearing course, or surface 433.What kind of water shall be used in laboratory
seal or both. test especially if itdeals with chemical?
Ans. Treatment and Seals Ans. Distilled Water

423.___________ is a bituminous-sand application to 434.Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and
an existing pavement to seal the surface and to allowed to dropsharply on the base through a height of
function as a light – wearing course. what?
Ans. Sand Seal Ans. 10 mm.
435.How many rotation per second will the crank of a li 444.If the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will
quid limitdevice be rotated? __________.
Ans. 2 rotation per seconds a) increase stability/strength
b) minimize future settlement
436. What is the required size of calibrated sand used c) decrease permeability
for FDT ? d) all of the above
Ans. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and
passing # 10 andretained # 200 sieve 445.Asphalt construction, compaction
must be completed before themixture cools
437.What is the degree of compaction of soil having to _______.
a maximum dry densityof 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet a) 165*F ( 60*C ) c) 185*F ( 71*C )
density of soil from hole is equivalent to 2,335kg/cu. m. b) 175*F ( 65*C ) d) 195*F ( 76*C )
and average moisture content of 8.85%?
Ans. 446.Which contractor are required by DPWH to own
% degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry the minimum material testing equipment for pre-
density ) x 100= qualification purposes?
[2,335/(1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100= a) small c) large
( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100= 9.34% b) medium d) all of the above

438.What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT 447.As percent asphalt increases in
sand cone? Marshall stability test, the % Air voids____________.
Ans. ½” ( 12.7 mm ) a) increases c) remains constant
b)decreases d) a or b
439.Soil properties can be improved by
____________. 448.The aggregate component contribute to shear
a) Adequate compaction c) Maximizing water content strength and stability of bituminous mixture . The
b) Additional binder d) Stabilization desirable shape and surface texture of aggregate is
_________.
440.As construction progresses, you noticed that a) round and smooth surface c) round and rough
the materials delivered at the project site are different texture
from the one tested and passed the requirement, as b) angular and smooth surfaced) angular and rough
Materials Engineer what would you do? texture
a) Authorize the use of the materials
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for 449. You can classify a soil sample in accordance to
verification purposes AASHTO through _________.
c) Reject materials a) Grain size analysisc) both a and b
d) Replace the materials b) Atterberglimit d) none of the above

441.What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three


( 3 ) Edge Bearing Test? 450.Who should take samples of materials and bring
a) 0.3 mm. c) 0.5 mm. them to the laboratory for acceptance purposes?.
b) 0.4 mm. d) 0.6 mm. a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractor’s Project Engineer
442.The Immersion – Compression test is prepared to b) Contractor’s Materials Engineer
determine_________. d) DPWH Project Engineer
a) ductility c) stability
b) solubility d) flexibility

443.The use of sea water in reinforced concrete 451.How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
is not allowed due to ____________. a) by Vernier Caliper b) by unit weight
a) no effect
b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete 452.Cement which has been in storage for so
c) induce corrosion of R.S.B long period that there isalready doubt as to its
d) b and c quality should be _____________.
a) retested prior to use c) authorized to use
b) not to used
b) 800 psi d) 1,200 psi
453.In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was
subjected to abrasion, a2,000 grams sample was 463.The surface condition of tack coat before the next
retained in no. 12 sieve after washing, what is the course should be applied is _______.
abrasion loss? a) wet c)dry
a) 50c) 60 b) sticky d) plastic
b) 40d) 30
464.The contractor shall give the Engineer at least
454.Different brand of cement should not be allowed _______ days notice prior to the beginning of work at
because _____________. the mill or shop where the metal structure has been
manufactured or fabricated, so that the required
a) different in texture c) varies in strength inspection may be made.
b) different in color when dried a) 14 c) 21
b) 17 d) 15
455.An apparatus used for field density test is called
___________. 465.The request for recoring shall be made by the
a) Sand cone c) Nuclear density meterb) Rubber ballo contractor within _________ weeks after the official
on d) all of the above result of the coring test has been released if the
structure failed to meet strength requirement.
456.Thickness tolerance in the construction of a) one ( 1 ) c) three ( 3 )
sub- base course is ____________. b) two ( 2 ) d) four ( 4 )
a) +/- 10 mm. c) +/-5 mm.
b) +/- 20 mm.d) +/- 15 mm. 466.A revised design strength for concrete works was
set forth from 14 daysto 7 days for concrete pavement
457.PH value of water used in concrete is for national roads and _____ days for major
___________. interchanges and busy intersection thus minimizing
a) 4 to 6 c) 6 to 10 occurrence of roadcongestion.
b) 6 to 8 d) 3 to 5 a) seven( 7 ) c) six ( 6 )
b) three ( 3 ) d) four ( 4 )
458.In what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut
back asphaltused? 467.Compressive strength for mortar samples test at
a) Tack Coatc) Seal Coat 3 days and 7 sevendays can be considered for
b)Prime Coat acceptance provided the strength of the samplesat 7
d) Bituminous Surface Course Hot-Laid days is not less than ________ Mpa which is 85% of
the compressivestrength for 28 days
459.What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine a) 22.08 c) 23.45
aggregates usedin concreting. b)24.84 d) 21.53
a) passing No. 3/8 sievec) passing No. 6 sieve
b)passing No. 4 sieve d) passing No. 8 sieve

460.The purpose of trial section is to check 468.The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral
___________________. admixture in PCCP and as ______ % replaces the
a) the suitability of materials Portland cement in concrete mix.
b) the efficiency of the equipment a) 15 c) 25
c) the construction method proposed to be used b) 20 d)10
d) all of the above
469.This is an instrument used to measure pavement
461.In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what? deflections resulting from vehicle wheel loading. The
a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand results of the elastic deformation test are used to
b) Total material taken from hole over volume of hole evaluate the structural condition of roads, and to help
c) Wet unit weight over 1 + MC/100 in the design of road strengthening measure and road
d) Dry unit weight over MDD x 100 capacity improvement
. a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator
462.What is the average compressive strength of b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
the load bearing concrete hollow blocks? c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge
a) 1,000 psi c) 600 psi d) Benkelman Beam
b) swelling stage d) none of the above
470.This an equipment which is used to measure
differential deflection between joints of a concrete 479.In this stage, additional water replaces some of
pavement to determine the modulus of the existing the entrapped air and the soil particles move closer
slabs for use in the design of an overlay. together with a resulting increase in density.
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer a) wetting stage c) lubricating stage
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer b) swelling stage d) all of the above
c) Benkelman Beam
d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device 480.All boring during soil exploration survey shall
generally be carried to a depth of at least ______
471.In the foregoing illustration determine the average meter below the proposed grade line.
thickness of PCCP. Position ActualMeasurement1 a) one ( 1 ) c) 0.30
23.42 23.53 23.64 23.65 23.46 23.37 23.38 23.49 23.4 b) two and half ( 2 ½ ) d) 0.50
a) 23.433 b) 23.43 c) 23.4 d)23.4333
481.What is the factor that will influence the
472.Vibrator shall not be operated longer than construction of stabilized road?
______ seconds in anyone location. a) Depletion of the supply of economically available
a) 10 c) 20 materials
b) 15 d) 25 b) High cost involved in the construction of the
conventional types of road
473.How many rotation per second will the crank of a c) If the road structure may be built by stages, and a
liquid limit device be rotated? properly designed road might function briefly as a
a) three ( 3 ) rotations persecond wearing course
b) two and a half (2 ½ ) rotations per second d) All of the above
c) two ( 2 ) rotations per secondd) one and a half ( 1 ½
) rotations per second 482. What is the meaning of ASTM?
a) American Standard for Testing Materials
474.What is the required size of calibrated sand used b) American Standard for Testing and Materials
for FDT? c) American Society for Testing Materials
a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200 d)American Society for Testing and Materials
b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200d) None of 483. In sampling bituminous materials, the composite
the above samples taken from a number of drums should have a
size sufficient for testing and should not be less _____
475.When placing concrete, what is the as called for in the guidelines on the submission
required temperature of concrete? of samples.
a) less than 29*C c) less than 30*C a) 5 liters c) 10 liters
b) less than 28*C d) less than 31*C b) 4 liters d) 6 liters

476.In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of 484.For semi solid materials, samples should be
an individual measurement that shall not be included taken at the center of the containers at least _____
in the average? mm. below the surface and 75 mm. from the sides with
a) less than 20 mm. c) less than 25 mm. the aid of a clean hatcher or patty knife.
b) more than 20 mm. d) more than 25 mm. a) 100 c) 75
b) 85 d) 50
477.__________ is the wearing away of the
pavement surface caused by the dislodging of 485.__________ test classify the different
aggregate particles. asphalts into types and the different types into grades.
a) Rutting c) Shoving a) Quality test c) Ductility test
b) Raveling d) Corrugation b) Consistency test d) All of the above

478.This is the stage in compaction in 486.This is the most important volatilization test
which all free air is expelled andreplaced by water, if on liquid asphalt products, its gives information as to
further pressure is applied to the soil mass, the actual amount of constituents remove at definite
thetendency is to reduce its volume. temperature.
a) wetting stage c) saturation stage a) Extraction test c) Evaporation test
b) Distillation test d) Softening test a) Yes c) It depends
b) No
487.This test indicate the purity of asphalt. d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to decide
a) Specific Gravity c) Solubility
b) Viscosity d) Ductility 496.Is the accredited private testing laboratories
owned by companies involved in the supply of
488. This is the most important factor construction materials for DPWH project be allowed
which influences the stability of bituminous to test their own products?
mixture. a) Yes c) It depends
a) Gradation of mineral aggregate b) No d) Either a or c
b) Shape and surface texture of aggregate
c) Hardness of aggregate particles 497.For small projects where the quantity of steel bars
d) All of the above is less than 10,000kgs. What may be required as a
basis of acceptance.
489.The principal factor that a) P.E. Certificate c) Inspection Report
effect the flexibility of bituminous mixture is _______. b) Mill Certificate d) All of the above
a) the quality of bituminous binder
b)the quality of mineral filler 498.Lumber is considered well seasoned
c) temperature susceptibility of the binder when its moisture content is between _________.
d) all of the above a) 10 to 16% c) 10 to14%
b) 14 to 18% d) 15 to 20%
490.The application temperature of emulsified
asphalt ranges from ___________. 499.Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or
a) 66* to 107*C c) 20* to 66*C screeding the hot mixture denotes rich mixture.
b) 10* to 71*C d) 15* to 66*C a) true b) false neither of the two

491. Concrete deposited in water shall be Class 500.Unsuitable materials are those materials
Sealconcrete with a minimum cement factor of containing detrimental quantities of organic materials,
_______ per cubic meter of concrete. such as grass, roots, and sewerage and those that is
a) 12 bags per cu. m. c) 11 bags per cu. m. _____________.
b) 10 bags per cu. m. d) 9.5 bags per cu. m. a) high organic soils
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55
492. A tremie shall consist of a tube having c) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below
a diameter of not less than ______ mm. constructed in d) all of the above
section s having flanged couplings fitted with gasket
with a hopper at the top. 501.The set of cylinders for each project shall be
a) 200 c) 250 numbered consecutively beginning with 1 and three
b) 300 d) 150 specimens should be identified as A, B, and C. At the
early stage of pouring, the laboratory should be
requested to break the “A” cylinders at 7 days to check
what?
a) If the structure should be put in service
493. The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar at early stage
shall all pass No.____ sieve. a) 40 c) 30 b) tocheck the mix design
b) 8 d) 3/8 c) To check if there is unusual development when
admixture is usedd) All of the above
494.The coarse aggregate used in
Bituminous Concrete is _________. 502.The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7
a) Retained on a 2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve ) days at the project under moist conditions obtained by
b) Retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve ) __________.
c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. ¾ sieve )d) both a a) covering with wet sand
and b b) covering with saw-dust
c) covering with palay-straw
495.As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of d) all of the above
salvage soil aggregate for lie stabilized road mix base
course?
503.The cured cylindrical samples shall be 511. What is the allowable smooth riding quality of
transported to the Regional Laboratory or any testing PCCP?
laboratory accredited by the DPWH a) 5.00 mm. c) 3.00 mm.
in ________________. b) 8.00 mm. d) 6.00 mm.
a) on top of sand
b) Carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp 512. What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime
sawdust or palay straw coat?
c) On boxes with sand surrounding the cylinders a) 60 – 70 c) 85 – 100
d) all of the above b 120 – 150 d) none of the above

504. The penetration grade of concrete joint


sealer, hot poured elastictype is _________
a) 80 – 100 c) 100 – 120 513. The spraying application temperature of all
b) below 90 d) 40 – 60 grades of asphalt cement should not be more
than ________.
505. The CBR is generally selected at what a) 211*C c) 135*C
penetration? b) 159*C d) 204*C
a) 5.08 mm. c) 2.54 mm.
b) 3.1 mm. d) 3.50 mm. 514.What is the rate of application of bituminous prime
coat using cutback asphalt?
506.A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 a) 0.5 to 0.7 liters/sq. m. c)1.0 to 1.1 liters/sq. m.
means that in the condition tested, the resistance to b) 1.0 to 2.0 liters/sq. m.
penetration of the standard piston was ______ of the d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m.
standard resistance of a compacted soil or aggregate.
a) 40% c) 10% 515.What is the weight boulders required for class A
b) 20% d) 80% grouted riprap?
a) 10 to 25 kgs c) 15 to 30 kgs.
507.For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the b) 15 to 25 kgs. d) 20 to 30 kgs.
residue afterdistillation.
a) consistency test c)ductility test 516. Based on the maximum dry density obtained by
b) quality test d) cement mixing test laboratory test, the degree of compaction required for
aggregate subbase should be
508.The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil at least _____________.
mass that will satisfy what criteria? a) 95% c) 100%
a) settlement c)permeability b) 98% d) 90%
b) stability d) all of the above
517. Where to determine the amount of mixing water
509.When do the embankment become friable in dry to use when compacting the soil in the field to attain
weather , ravel at the edges and abrade severely maximum density.
under traffic and will become dusty in service and a) Trial Section c) Control Strip
much of the binder soil is simply blown away during b) Field Density Test d) Lab. Compaction Test
the dry season.
a) The embankment is non- plastic 518.For soil classification purposes as in AASHTO
b) The embankment lacks compaction M45, what is not required?
c) Materials fails CBR test a) combined sieve and mechanical analysis
d) None of the above b) sieve analysis
c) the wash test
510. When the embankment tends to soften in wet d) none of the above
weather, and PCCP constructed of such material
develop ruts under traffic an d may shift and shove to 519.This is widely used to control the characteristics
develop a wash board surface, the plasticity index of of soil which are to be incorporated in roadways.
such materialis ____________. a) The Limit Test c) The Group Index
a) P.I. is too high c) P.I. is too low b) The soil classification d) all of the above
b) Neither a & b d) both a & b
520. In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure
by moving one part of the soil sample relatively to the
other part along a pre-determined plane. When several c) 0.08% d) 0.05%
tests are made on a soil under different normal loads
and the results are plotted in arithmetic scales, the 528.The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars
resulting line is made in the form of ____________. bigger than 9.0mm. shall not exceed _____.
a) Straight line c) parabola a) 10% b) 5% c)8% d) 6%
b) Hyperbola d) semi-elliptical
529.A type of cement that sets and hardens by
521.In conducting soil exploration survey, what chemical interaction with water and is capable of doing
equipment you will use in obtaining undisturbed so underwater.
samples. a) Portland Cement
a) split spoon sampler b) Hydraulic Cement
c)screw type soil auger sampler c) Air-Retaining Portland cement
b) thin-walled sampler d) Post-hole auger sampler d) All of the above

522. Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing 530. The spacing center to center of
intimately pulverized soil and bituminous material. circumferential reinforcement of all pipes shall not
What is the minimum bearing capacity (soaked exceed its wall thickness and shall in no
CBR ) of the mixture? caseexceed _______________.
a) 80% c) 98% a) 150mm. b) 200 mm. c) 100 mm. d) 250 mm.
b) 100% d) 95%
531. Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures
523. Portland cement stabilization road mix base require more water in order to be workable but will only
course is an intimate mixture of pulverized soil, result to ______________.
Portland cement and water which is thoroughly a) Good surface texture b) water tightens
compacted while in a moist condition to form a c) Weak strength d) all of the above
structural road material when the cement hydrates and
crystallizes. What is the mass percent wearof soil 532. For every lean mixes or low cement content of
aggregate used in this stabilization? the mixture, What determines the flexural strength of
a) 40% c) not more than 40% the concrete.
b) 45% d) 50% a) The strength of aggregate b) The mortar strength
c) The water cement ratio d) All of the above
524. For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what
determines the flexuralstrength of the concrete? 533. This is a method of determining in-place density
a) Mortar strength c) both a & b of soil that can be used satisfactorily in moist, cohesive
b) the strength of aggregate d) the water/cement r fine grained material only. The sample is obtained by
atio forcing a small thin walled cylinder into the material
with a
525. This is a new method of soil stabilization being driving head and hammer or other suitable apparatus.
introduced to improve the properties of soil which is Ans.Drive Cylinder Method
effective and at the same time cheaper.
a) Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles 534.This method of test is intended to determine the
b) Cement stabilization density of cohesive soil and stabilized soil by
c) Bituminous stabilization measuring the weight and volume of undisturbed
d) Lime stabilization samples.
Ans. Block, Chunk orCore Sampling
526.As per guidelines on submission of
samples, laboratory trial mixes should be made on 535.This method covers the determination of the
aggregates which are proposed tube used for the first density in-place of compacted or firmly bonded soil
time, in this case what is the weight of fine aggregates by using a flexible membrane and liquid that can be
to be submitted for testing? used to measure the volume of a test hole soil with an
a) 100 kgs. c) 50 kgs. accuracy within 1.0%.
b) 70 kgs. d) 80 kgs. Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method

527.The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars 536.This method covers the determination of the total
bigger than 9.0mm shall not exceed _______. or wet density of soil and soil aggregate in-place by
a) 0.18% b) 0.06%
the attenuation of gamma rays, where the gamma 548.If impossible to air-dry the sample under the
detector, or both, remains at or near the surface. heat of the sun whatalternative should be used?
Ans. Nuclear Method Ans. oven dry the sample at 60*C

537.What are the three major groups of soil?


Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic 549.Sample for compaction test should pass to what
sieve?
538.What are the common laboratory test required for Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4;
soil? method C & D usesample passing #3/4
Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit
test c) compaction test (moisture- 550.What is the difference between T-99 and T-180
density relation) d) CBR e) Abrasion Test (Mass pe compaction test method?
rcent of Wear) f) Unit weight g) Moisture Content Ans. T-99 uses 2.5kg.(5.5lbs.) rammer with a drop
of 12” height, while T-180 uses 4.54kg.(10 lbs.)
539.What are the common field test? rammer with a drop of 18” height
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of
soil or it is a control test in embankment 551.What are the particle size analysis?
construction to ensure adequate compaction Ans. It is the determination of particle size
distribution in soil by sieve, hydrometer, or
540.What is moisture content? combined analysis
Ans. It is the amount of water present in the soil
552. What are the other terms or particles size
541.What is the different between analysis?
natural moisture content with Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) gr
hydroscopic moisture content? ading test/analysis
Ans. Natural moisture contentis the moisture of
undisturbed soil sample while hydroscopic 553.What is the liquid limit?
moisture content is the moisture of air-dried soil Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the
sample. soil will flow upon the application of a very small
shearing force.
542.What is the formula used for moisture
content determination? 554.The liquid limit is expressed as the
Ans. Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried moisture content corresponding to
sample) x100 what number of blows?
Ans. 25 blows
543.Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it
affects the accuracy of result. 555.What test are used in soil classification?
Ans. True Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and
liquid limit

544. What are the methods use in reducing 556.What is plastic limit?
samples from the field totesting size? Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which
Ans. 1) sample splitter 2) quartering the soil can be readily molded without breaking or
crumbling
545.What is the required temperature for
oven drying the soil sample? 557.What kind of water shall be used in laboratory
Ans. 110*C +/- 5*C test especially if it deals with chemicals?
Ans. Distilled water
546.How can you determine if the soil sample is
already oven dried? 558.Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised
Ans. dried if it reached its constant weight allowed to drop sharply on the base through a height
of what?
547.How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil Ans. 10 mm.
sample?
Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun 559.How many rotation per second will the crank of a
liquid limit device be rotated?
Ans. 2 rotations per second 574.What is the minimum percent field density or
degree of compaction foritem 104 (embankment)?
560.In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall Ans. 95% minimum
the soil thread began to break?
Ans. 3.2 mm. ( 1/8” ) 575.What is the minimum degree of
compaction for item 200 and 201?
561.What is the formula for plastic limit? Ans. 100% minimum
Ans. PL = (Wa – Wb)/Wb x 100Where: Wa = original
wt of crumbled soil thread Wb = wt of oven dried 576.What is the highest point in moisture density
crumbled soil562.What is Plastic Index (PI)? curve of the moisturedensity relation test or
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid compaction test of soil represent?
limit and the plastic limit;PI = LL-PL Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density)
and OMC (Optimum Moisture Content
563.What is specific gravity?
Ans. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship 577.What is the required size of calibrated sand used
in soils (or defined asthe ratio of the wt in air of an for FDT?
equal volume of water at a statedtemp.) Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand
passing # 10 andretained # 200 sieves
564.What is the approximate area for density control
strip?Ans. 335 sq. m.565.What is the maximum depth 578.What is the degree of compaction of soil having
of roadway embankment perhorizontal layer in loose a maximum dry density2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density
measurement? of soil from hole equivalent to 2,335kg/cu.m. and an
Ans. 200 mm. (8”) average moisture content of 8.85%?
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max.
566.What item of work is embankment?Ans. Item 104 dry density) x 100 Where ; Dry density = Wet
567.What is the kind of material used for item 200? density/(1+MC/100)Wet density = wt of soil filled
Ans. Aggregate subbase course in a hole/volume of hole% degree of compaction =
{(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x 100}/2,250=
568.What is the required particle size for selected (2,145.15/2,250) x 100= 95.34%
borrow for toppingunder item 104 (embankment)?
Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3” 579.Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104
square opening and notmore than 15% will pass requirement for %degree of compaction?
0.075 mm. (No. 20) AASHTO 11 Ans. G or Grading = 2P or Plasticity = 2C or
Compaction = 2D or Density = three in-site density
569.P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common test/500 sq. m.
borrow) is __________.
Ans. 6 maximum 580.What are the test and number of test needed for
2,960 cu.m. Aggregate Base Course?
570.L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common Ans. sand cone, jug (at least4 liters), guide plate,
borrow) is ____________. moisture cans, sand, weighing scale, oven with
Ans. 30 maximum temperature control, chisel or digging tools,
plastic bags and labeling materials (tag number)
571.What is the LL requirement for item 200
(aggregate subbase course)passing sieve # 40?
Ans. 12 maximum 581.What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT
sand cone?
Ans. ½ inch (12.7 mm.)
572.Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.)
of item 200 shall havea mass percent of wear by Los 582.How many hours does a
Angeles Abrasion test of _______________. fine aggregates tested for specificgravity and
Ans. 50% maximum absorption be soaked in water?
Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
573.The required CBR value for item 300?
Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D) 583.How will you determine if the fine aggregates
reaches thesaturated surface dry condition?
Ans. It is determine by theuse of cone test for
surface moisture and if the molded shape of 594. What do you call a sample for concrete
fineaggregate slump slightly it indicates that it has pavement?
reached a surface-drycondition. Ans. Concrete beam sample

584.What are the test required for 595. How many sample should be taken for every 75
concrete aggregates? cu, m. of fresh concrete?
Ans. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, Ans. 3 pcs. sample or 1 set sample
absorption, dry unit wt.2) Coarse Agg: grading,
specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and 596. What do you call the sample for structural
abrasion Note: soundness is also tested as perreq concrete?
uest Ans. Concrete cylinder sample

585.What is the maximum mass % of wear 597. What is the test use to determine the
by Los Angeles Abrasion Test? consistency of concrete?
Ans. 40% maximum Ans. Slump test

586.What is the required speed of Los Angeles 598. How to compute for the slump of concrete?
Abrasion Machine per minute? Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone – ht. Of fresh
Ans. 30 to 33 rpm concrete aftersubsidence

587.What is the size or diameter and weight of cast- 599.How to compute for the compressive strength of
iron spheres use in abrasion? concretecylinder sample?
Ans. Approximately 46.8 mm dia. andweighing Ans. CS = P/A where: P= loads, lbs. A = area, sq.
between 390-455 grams m.A = [rD(sq)] / 4 = 28.27 sq. m

588.What is the required total wt. of sample for 600.At what age should a concrete beam sample be
abrasion test of coarse aggregate grading A with 12 tested for flexural test? Ans. 4 days
number of sphere?
Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams 601.How to compute the flexural strength for
third point loading test?
589.What is the significance of abrasion test? Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) = P(18”)/(6” x 6” x 6”) =
Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse P/12where: R = modulus of ruptureP = Load in lbs.
aggregates- gives an indication of quality as or tonsL = span length in inchesb = base in
determined by resistance to impact and inchesd = depth in inches
wear - it determines whether the aggregate will
have degradation during traffic or rolling 602.What is the minimum flexural strength for third
point loadingtest?
590.Quality test for cement is represented by Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
how many bags of cement?
Ans. 2,000 bags or fraction thereof 603.What is the minimum flexural strength for center
point loading test?
Ans. 4.5 Mpa (650 psi)
591.What is the sieve use in sieving materials 604.How to compute for flexural strength at center
from Abrasion Machine? point loading?
Ans. Sieve # 12 (1.70 mm.) Ans. R = (3PL)/(bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6

592. Testing machine should be calibrated once 605. Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should
every six (6) months if possible but if it not possible the sample be taken from a stationary mixers,
what is the required time should the machine revolving drum truck mixers or agitators?
be calibrated? Ans. two or more regular intervals during
Ans. Once a year discharge of middle portion of the batch

593. What is the percent tolerance of error in 606. What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling
calibrating the machine? concrete?
Ans. +/- 1%
Ans. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24
inches) long with the tamping end rounded to a 620.SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt
hemispherical tip of the same dia. as the rod Ans. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt

607. Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to 621.What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified
test, how many sample isrequired? Asphalt?
Ans. 6 pcs./10,000 units 12 pcs. if morethan 10,000 Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow
units608.What is the strength requirement for load Setting
bearing
concrete masonryunits? Ans. individual = 5.5 Mpa 622.What asphalt contains water?
(800 psi)minimumAverage(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Ans. Emulsified Asphalt
Mpa (600 psi) minimum
623.What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?
609.What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel Ans. 0 to 30
bars?
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of 624.What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt
the bar as well as its elongation and is used to use in Tropical Region?
classify the bars into grade Ans. 85 to 100 (but some uses 60 to 70)

610.What is the required length of RSB for testing? 625.Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment concrete pavement.
Ans. True
611.What is the significance of bending test for RSB?
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB 626. What is the rate of application of bituminous tack
coat?
612.What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m.
sheets?
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 627. What is the rate of application of bituminous
sheets prime coat?
Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m.
613.What is the required sample for paint?
Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail ) 628. For how many hours or how long shall a
bituminous prime coat left undisturbed?
614.What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of Ans. 24 hrs.
beads?
Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint 629. What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid
curing)
615.What is the common components of house paint?
Ans. pigment and vehicle 630. Bituminous prime coat is use to treat
surface of base course.
Ans. True

616.What is this construction material that is dark 631.No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when
brown to blackcementatious material in which the weather is foggy or rainy.
the predominating constituent arebitumen? Ans. True
Ans. Asphalt
632.What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat?
617.What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt? Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified
Ans. Asphalt cement asphalt

618.What are liquid asphalt? 633.Where should the bituminous seal coat be used?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course
with or without an application of aggregates
619.What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt?
Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing
634.If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called
available for compression test one (1) whole piece hard asphalt
RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP will be submitted
for quality test. 647.The main problem associated with wrong practice
Ans. True of conveying concreteis called ______.
Ans. Segregation
635.One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be
taken for every how many pieces of RCP? 648.The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix.
Ans. 25 pcs. In one bagger mixer, whichof the following amount of
water is most likely required for the mix?
636.In submitting samples for testing, what particular Ans. 20 i\liters
form is beingaccomplished?
Ans. sample card 649. A one lane road, with a pavement width
of 3.5 meters and shoulder width of 0.5 meter on each
637.as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the side of the pavement, was designed to have subbase
report accomplished every week? and base courses with a combined thickness of 300
Ans. Quality Control Assurance Report mm. If the thickness of the subbase is a 125 mm. the
spreading and compaction of the subbase and base
638.What do you call the report to be submitted course shall be carried out in ______.
at end of the month? Ans. 3 layer over the full width of 4.5 m.
Ans. Monthly Materials Report

639.How to determine the proportion of cement ,


water, fine aggregates and coarse aggregates?
Ans. by means of Concrete Design Mix 650.as Material Engineer, what is the area of
trial section that you would recommend to check the
640.How to determine the thickness of pavement? suitability of the materials and efficiency of the
Ans. by means of concrete core equipment to be used for item 310, Bituminous
Concrete Surface course?
641. How to determine the asphalt content of Ans. about 500 sq. m.
bituminous mix?
Ans. by means of extraction test 651.Per program of work, the estimated volume of
item 201 materials is7,500 cu. m. How many grading
642.In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what and plasticity test are required based
other materials being extracted? onthe DPWH minimum testing requirements?
Ans. Aggregates or compositeaggregates Ans. 25 grading and 25plasticity
(minerals of fine & coarse aggregates)
652. Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by
weight equivalent to what?
Ans. 5 to 8%
643. What is being determined in a core sample from
asphalt pavement/ 653.Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete
Ans. thickness of pavement and density of pipes may be best-established through what?
pavement Ans. Test of concrete pipe samples

644.All records regarding quality control 654.Where do we take additional cores


such as accomplishment,daily activities, weather etc. when the measurement of anycore taken from the
are recorded in a ________. pavement is deficient in thickness by more
Ans. Materials Log Book than25 mm?
Ans.At no less than 5 meters intervals parallel to
645.The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site the centerline in eachdirection from the affected
test that measureswhat? location
Ans. depth of soil layer
655.The results of Immersion-Compression test
646.Which of the following bituminous material is conducted on an asphalt mix sample are as
best recommended forsealing weakened plane joints? follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa Wet stability = 1,000
Kpa. What is the resulting index of retained strength? 665.During the application of the first half of the
Does it meet the specification requirement of item 310 anticipated load a _______ rate of loading shall be
Bituminous Concrete Course? permitted.
Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet Ans. higher rate
stability/Dry stability) x
100= (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) x 100= 50%No it does 666.Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform
not meet the specification of item 310 since the with a _____ roller.
specification of IRS is 70% minimum while Ans. Pneumatic Tire Roller
the resulting IRS is only50%
667.Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform
656.Quality Control testing in a DPWH with a _________ roller.
project is the responsibility of the ___________. Ans. 3-wheel or Tandem type steel wheel roller
Ans. DPWH and Contractor’s Materials Engineers
668.Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted
657.As Material Engineer, when is the right time to whenever it begins to produce excessive ______ or
start sampling and testing aggregates of the course ________.
materials? Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement
Ans. before the course materials be incorporated of the mixture
in the project
669.Final rolling shall be continued until roller
658.The spot test on asphalt is used to determine marks are eliminated and a minimum of _____ mass
what? percent of the density of the laboratory compacted
Ans. overheating during manufacture specimens prepared in accordance with AASHTO
T160 has been obtained.
659.Under what climatic condition(s) do we Ans. 95 mass percent
use the lower penetration grades or hard asphalt?
Ans. hot climate 670. sample from compacted bituminous mix shall be
neatly cut by saw or core drill. Each sample shall be at
660.Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should least ____________.
be taken on the _______ batch discharge of the transit Ans. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full
mixer. depth
Ans. middle
671. For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous
661.Soft and unstable soils were encountered mix) will be check by the use of a _____ at sites
during the course of subgrade preparation. If you were selected by the Engineer.
the Materials Engineer assigned to the project, what is Ans. 3 meter straight edge
the most effective and cheaper method that you would
recommend to stabilized the soil prior to the 672.What is the sample requirement for
construction of the subbase course? paving concrete for every 75cu. m. or fraction thereof?
Ans. Geotextiles Ans. One (1) set (consisting of 3pcs.) concrete
beam sample
662. How many times per layer should a concrete
specimen molded in a 6”x6”x21” beam mold be 673.In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-
rodded? Compression Stability the sample is soaked in water
Ans. 63 times bath for ______ days.
Ans. four (4)
663. What is the basis for acceptance or rejection
of any constructionmaterials? 674.Given:
Ans. Materials Test Report Wt. of dry aggregate = 950grams
Wt. of asphalt = 50 grams
664.In testing concrete cylinder sample the load What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix
applied should be continuous without shock at a Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt.
constant rate within the range of _______ per second. of asphalt= 950 + 50 = 1,000 gramstherefore:
Ans. 0.14 to 0.34Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5%
second
675.Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio
the requiredspecification for percent asphalt in is not exceeded
bituminous mixes? Why?
Ans. yes, because standard specification for 686.What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse,
percent asphalt inbituminous mixes is 5 to 8% fine and mineral filler)in the mixture of bituminous
concrete surface coarse?
676.If the actual percent asphalt in the problem Ans. 92 to 95%
above is 5% and the percent asphalt in a job-mix 5.6%
did it pass the required tolerance? Why? 687.What is the percent weight of asphalt in the
Ans. No, because the required tolerance for % bituminous mixture?
asphalt in a job-mix formula is+/-0.4% Ans. 5 to 8%

677.Which is not the 688.How can we establish the exact percentage to be


duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer? used in the bituminous mixture?
Ans. quantity of construction materials Ans. Job-mix formula

678.Which is the duty or responsibility of a 689.What are the two types of bitumen that are
Materials engineer? commonly used in bituminous concrete surface
Ans. quality of construction materials course?
Ans.
679.Problem regarding quality of construction 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation
materials shall be reported directly by the of coal or wood
contractor’s Materials Engineer to the __________. 2) Petroleum Asphalt – are the product of the
Ans. DPWH Materials Engineer distillation of crude oil

680.How many concrete cylinder is required for a 690.What are the three major petroleum asphalt
3,000 pcs. Reinforced concrete pipe culvert? product?
Ans.
Ans.120 sets (consisting of 3 pcs. concrete 1) Asphalt cement – produced in various viscosity
cylinder per set) grade, the most common penetration grade are,
200/300, 120/150, 85/100,40/50
681.If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 2)Cut-back asphalt – are asphalt mixed with
pcs. culvert pipes,how many pipes shall be subjected solvents to reduce their viscosity
to test? 3) Emulsified Asphalt – are mixture of asphalt
Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes cement and water with emulsifying agen

682.What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in 691.What are the solvents for cut back asphalt?
filling the hole in orderto determine the volume of Ans.
hole? 1) gasoline – for rapid curing type
Ans. Field Density Test (FDT) 2) kerosene – for medium curing type
3) diesel fuel – for slow curing type
683.What do you call the test using a rammer and
a mold?
Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or 692.Emulsified asphalt are either _____ and
Compaction Test _________.
Ans.
684.What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 1) cationic emulsion – which work better with wet
to 30 mm.? aggregate
Ans. Blown Asphalt And in cold weather
2) anionic emulsion – which adhere better to
685.If there is a necessary to add water to the aggregate Which have positive charges
concrete mix in order to increase is workability
(provided concrete does not exceed specified 693.What is the bituminous material commonly used in
slump).How many minutes after the initial of the mixing item 310?
does adding of water be permitted? Ans.not Ans. Asphalt cement (AC)
694.What greatly influence the service of an
asphalt pavement? 705.What is the most commonly used method in the
Ans. grade and quantity of asphalt design and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes?
Ans. Marshall Stability Method

706.The quality control test for asphalt mix are


695.What influence primarily the grade of asphalt the following:
selected? Ans.
Ans. Climatic condition 1) Immersion-Compression Test – determines the
index of retained strength of the mix
696.The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is 2) Extraction and Grading Test – determines the
used in ____________. asphalt content and particles size distribution of
Ans. hot climate coarse and fine aggregates
3) Laboratory density test – determines the degree
697.The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is of compaction
used in____________.
Ans. cold climate 707.What is the correct temperature that the
mixture shall be placed as measured in the truck just
698.How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix prior to dumping into the spreader?
or the contractor shall submit the job-mix formula? Ans. 107*C
Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production
708.When tar is used, what is the temperature that the
699.Who will approved the job –mix formula? mixture shall be placed?
Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Ans. 66*C to 107*C
Engineer
709.When shall the compaction be done in order
700.The job-mix formula contains to attain the required density?
provisions on the following: Ans. when the mixture is still hot and workable
Ans.
1) grading 710. How to determine the number of passes that
2) percentage and type of asphalt would attain the required density?
3) temp. of agg. andasphalt Ans. trial section
4) temp. of mixture upon delivery or at time of com
paction 711.What control during the mixing and compaction is
of great significance in the strength of the resulting
701.What is the primary quality pavement?
control mechanism for the production of asphalt mixtur Ans. temperature
e?
Ans. Job-mix formula which shall conformto the fo 712.What kind of roller should be used for the initial or
llowing ranges of tolerance: breakdown compaction?
Passing No. 4 and larger sieves +/- 7%Passing No. Ans. Pneumatic smooth wheeled roller (not less
8 to No. 100 sieves +/- than 10 tons)
4%Passing No. 200 +/- 2%Bituminous Materials +/-
0.4% Temperature of mixture +/- 10*C 713.What is the speed of the roller?
Ans. 5 km/hr
702.What is the minimum dry compressive
strength of the mixture? 714.How is the rolling be done?
Ans. 1.4 Mpa (200 psi) Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed
longitudinally parallel toward the road centerline,
703.The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids each trip overlapping one half the rollers width
with the range of _________.
Ans. 3.0% - 5% 715.After the final rolling what should be checked?
Ans. degree of compaction
704. What is the Index of Retained Strength of the
mixture?
Ans. 70%
716.The compacted pavement shall have a 728.How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after
density equal to or greater than ___________. concrete pouring?
Ans. 97% of the laboratory compacted Ans. 24 hrs.
density
729.What is the difference between item 504 and item
717.When is the traffic be permitted to enter the 505?
pavement? Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio
Ans. when the pavement has cooled to of cement and fine sand
atmospheric temperature
730.What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number
718.How many samples shall be taken for each full of bags of cementfor grout in item 504 and 505?
days operation? Ans. for item 504 its one partcement to three part
Ans. at least one but not more than three (3) core fine sand (1:3)for item 505 its one part cement to
samples two parts fine sand (1:2)

719.What is the dimension of the samples taken full 731. Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done
depth from the finish pavement for thickness in __________ temperature.
determination? a) 60*C b) 25*C c) 50*C d) 10*C
Ans. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
732. This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the
720.How is the sample taken from the finished grade of Medium Curing Cut-back Asphalt.
pavement? a) MC – 30
Ans. by means of core drill or saw b) MC– 70
c) MC – 800
721.How is the surface level of the finished d) MC – 300
pavement being check?
Ans. by the use of 3 meters straight edge 733.The only kind of asphalt that can be used
in all bituminous item of work.
722. The variation of the surface from the testing a) Asphalt Cement
edge of the straight between contacts with the surface b) Cut-back Asphalt
shall not exceed ________.. c) Emulsified Asphalt
Ans. 6 mm d) All of the above

. 734.Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has


723.What determine the thickness and density of partially hardened, will be permitted with the addition
compacted asphalt pavement? of cement, aggregate or water.
Ans. core test a) yes
b) no
724. What is the strength c) it depends on the condition of concrete
requirement (flexural strength) of a concrete when d) check the slump
tested by third point loading method?
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi) 735.What is the minimum number of
representative cores that shall be taken from each
725.What is the compressive strength of the PCCP member area of concrete in place that is considered
when rested at 14days? deficient?
Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500 psi) a) 3 cores
b) 4 cores
726.What is the slump of a workable concrete if not c) 5 cores
vibrated? d) core must be taken at 5 meter interval backward
Ans. 40 – 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to & forward of the designed sta.
40 mm

727.What kind of form used in item 311?


Ans. steel forms and a depth equal to the 736. The strength level of concrete will be considered
thickness of the pavement satisfactory if the average of all sets of three
consecutive strength test result equal or exceed the
specified strength and no individual strength test result 748.When the right time is the joint be sealed?
is deficient by more than how many percent? Ans. after the curing period or before it is
a) 25% b) 20% c) 15% d) 10% opened to traffic

737. For major interchanges and busy intersection, 749.What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
PCCP will be allowed to open on the ----------- to Ans. Grouted Riprap
minimize occurrence of road congestion.
a) 14th day b) 10thday c) 12thday d) 7thday 750.What is item 505 in DPWH specifications?
Ans. Stone Masonry
738.The width of the weaken plane joint is
__________. 751.This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction
Ans. not more than 6 mm. of a binder material in a stabilized soil mixture.
a) Group Index b) Liquid Limit
739. When is the right time to saw the weaken plane c) Plasticity Index d) Plastic Limit
joint?
Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has 752. When water is added to the mixture to bring the
hardened sufficiently slump within required limit, it shall be injected into the
mixer under such pressure and direction of flow that
740. What shall be done if cracks appear at or the requirement for uniformity and desired slump of
near the joint prior to the time of sawing? concrete are met. The drum shall be turned on
Ans. sawing shall be omitted additional _______ revolution or more.
a) 10 revolutions
741. Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with b) 45 revolutions
____________. c) 30 revolutions
Ans. asphalt or other materials d) 15 revolutions

742. What is the metal device that is used as a load


transfer device held in a position parallel to the surface
and centerline of the slab of pavement? 753. Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall
Ans. dowels propose definite singlevalues for, except _____.
a) % of aggregate passing each specified sieve
743. To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate b) Temperature of the mixture delivered on the road
sliding in concrete, it shall be coated with _________. c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
Ans. thin film of bitumen d) Mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant

744. The surface of the pavement shall be roughened 754. For small contract project of the DPWH located in
by means of ____________. remote areas where the quality of cement to be used
Ans. Brooming is too small and where there are no accessible testing
laboratory to check the quality of materials, exception
745.What is the depth of corrugation produce by in the requirements for performance of laboratory test
brooming in the surface of the pavement? in cement prior to use may be allowed provided that
Ans. 1.5 mm. the trial mixes be done for every ___________.
a) Deformation characteristic of soil
746.The surface of the newly placed concrete when b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
it is sufficiently set shall be cured for a period of c) Arrangement of soil strata
_________. d) Field Density of soil
Ans. 72 hrs.
755. How many days shall the Engineer be notified
747.The curing of the pavement are done on the in advance of the date that the treating process will be
following: performed in order that the untreated lumber, the
Ans.1) by covering the concrete with mats treatment process and the finished treatment timber
saturated with water may all be inspected?
2) thoroughly wetting the pavement a)15 days
3) by ponding4) by applying curing compound b) 10 days
after finishing of the surface c) 21 days
d) 7 days