Introduction:
Stokes’s law is a mathematical equation that expresses the settling velocities of small
spherical particles in a fluid medium. Stokes’ second problem is the steadystate oscillatory flow
in a semiinfinite flow domain arisen from an oscillating infinite flat plate that undergoes
sinusoidal oscillations parallel to itself. Stokes’ second problem, the flow of velocity v=u(y,t)I,
where I is the unit vector along the xaxis of the Cartesian coordinate system, satisfies the
diffusion equation
𝜕𝑦 𝜕 2𝑢
= 𝑣 2,𝑦 > 0
𝜕𝑡 𝜕𝑦
Subject to the boundary conditions
𝑢0, 𝑡 = 𝑈𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜔𝑡, 𝑢+∞, 𝑡 = 0
Where v is the kinematic viscosity and U and 𝜔 are constants. Thus the solution of Stokes’
second problem is
−𝑦√ 𝜔 𝜔
𝑢𝑦, 𝑡 = 𝑈𝑒 cos(𝜔𝑡 − 𝑦√ ) 2𝑣
2𝑣
Which is periodic with respect to t.
Objective:
To present sample calculation using Stokes’ Second Problem. Also, provide graphical
solutions using Microsoft Excel.
Given:
𝜈 = 0.04 − 0.42𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ0.02𝑖𝑛𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝛽 = 0.60
𝜔=1
𝜋 3𝜋
𝜏 = 0, , 𝜋,
4 2
𝜔 2−𝛽
Yaxis:𝑦 = √𝑣(𝛽)
𝜔2−𝛽 𝜋𝛽
𝑢 −𝑦√ 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝜔 2−𝛽 𝜋𝛽
Xaxis:𝑈 = 𝑒 𝑣(𝛽) 4
cos(𝜔𝑡 − 𝑦√ 𝑣𝛽 𝑐𝑜𝑠 )
4
Sample Calculations:
At 𝜈 = 0.04𝑎𝑛𝑑𝜔𝑡 = 0
12−0.6
𝑦=√ = 6.45
0.04(0.6)
𝑢 −𝑦√
𝜔2−𝛽 𝜋𝛽
𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝜔 2−𝛽 𝜋𝛽
=𝑒 𝑣(𝛽) 4
cos(𝜔𝑡 − 𝑦√ 𝑐𝑜𝑠 )
𝑈 𝑣𝛽 4
𝑢 −5√
12−0.6
𝑠𝑖𝑛 12−0.6 𝜋 ∗ 0.6
𝜋∗0.6
=𝑒 0 − 𝑦√
0.040.6
𝑐𝑜𝑠
4
𝑈 0.10.6 4
𝑢
= 5.11𝑥10^ − 09
𝑈
y
v ω=1 β=0.6 πβ/4

0.04 1 0.6 6.454972 41.6667 0.471239

0.06 1 0.6 5.270463 27.7778 0.471239

0.08 1 0.6 4.564355 20.8333 0.471239

0.1 1 0.6 4.082483 16.6667 0.471239

0.12 1 0.6 3.72678 13.8889 0.471239

0.14 1 0.6 3.450328 11.9048 0.471239

0.16 1 0.6 3.227486 10.4167 0.471239

0.18 1 0.6 3.042903 9.25926 0.471239

0.2 1 0.6 2.886751 8.33333 0.471239

0.22 1 0.6 2.752409 7.57576 0.471239

0.24 1 0.6 2.635231 6.94444 0.471239

0.26 1 0.6 2.531848 6.41026 0.471239

0.28 1 0.6 2.43975 5.95238 0.471239

0.3 1 0.6 2.357023 5.55556 0.471239

0.32 1 0.6 2.282177 5.20833 0.471239

0.34 1 0.6 2.214037 4.90196 0.471239

0.36 1 0.6 2.151657 4.62963 0.471239

0.38 1 0.6 2.09427 4.38596 0.471239

0.4 1 0.6 2.041241 4.16667 0.471239

0.42 1 0.6 1.992048 3.96825 0.471239
0 π/4 π 3π/2
5.11629E09 5.96E09 5.11629E09 3.3E09
3.09451E06 3.07E06 3.09451E06 1.2E06
7.48612E05 6.86E05 7.48612E05 2.2E05

0.000338475 0.00052 0.000338475 0.000391

0.001793062 0.001513 0.001793062 0.00035
0.00170234 0.001738 0.00170234 0.00416

0.008743947 0.00708 0.008743947 0.001263

0.005764468 0.01382 0.005764468 0.013785

0.009461016 0.00794 0.009461017 0.020688

0.028652675 0.010049 0.028652675 0.014442

0.042540773 0.032967 0.042540773 0.00408

0.045806972 0.053225 0.045806972 0.02946

0.037371733 0.065789 0.037371733 0.05567

0.018900485 0.068539 0.018900485 0.07803

0.006736345 0.061529 0.006736346 0.09375

0.036502344 0.046077 0.036502345 0.10167

0.067738418 0.024049 0.067738419 0.10175
 0.0026 0.098366837 0.09469
0.098366836
0.12690461 0.0321 0.12690461 0.08151

0.152388151 0.06294 0.152388152 0.06338
For this activity, the equation used for the Stoke’s Second Problem is as follows:
𝑢 −𝑦√
𝜔2−𝛽 𝜋𝛽
𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝜔 2−𝛽 𝜋𝛽
=𝑒 𝑣𝛽 4
cos 𝜔𝑡 − 𝑦√ 𝑐𝑜𝑠
𝑈 𝑣𝛽 4
𝜔 2−𝛽 𝑢
Where yaxis = √ 𝑣𝛽 and xaxis = 𝑈.
The comparison of udistribution versus the wall distance at different frequency levels for the
Stokes’ second problem for 𝑣 ranging from 0.040.42 is depicted in the figure above. It is
graphed with constant 𝛽 = 0.6. The significant features of velocity variations also clearly
demonstrate the physics underlying the Stokes’ second problem process.
Conclusion:
Based from the results, it can be concluded that velocity differences clearly demonstrate physics
underlying stokes second problem.