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In-text Citation Reference Citation

Paraphrases and summaries, Informs from whom Article title, full name of
1. Context last name of author and the article was cited author, date of publication
date of publication from and the date page number, paragraph
of publication

To provide information from To provide credibility to the To provide readers access to


2. Purpose the sources of the citations
which the author used to article written by the author,
developed his/her document and to prevent plagiarism used by the author

The author’s name and To organize the written Articles should be arranged
3. Style citations and their sources for alphabetically with respect to
publication date is placed next
to the citation, use et al for easy understanding the author’s names
three or more authors

After making a citation, place To properly convey Place first the author’s last
4. Format the author’s last name and the information of the name, and then their name
Style Guide: APA Format

date of publication inside of a citation in the article initials, the date of publication,
parenthesis directly after it the article title, page number,
and they must be arranged in
alphabetical order
5. Example
References
A few researchers in the
linguistics field have developed
training programs designed to
Derwing, T. M., Rossiter, M. J.,
improve native speakers' ability
Both allow the & Munro, M. J. (2002). Teaching
to understand accented speech
native speakers to listen to
(Derwing, Rossiter, & Munro, readers to ensure

STEM 12-K
foreign-accented speech.
2002; Thomas, 2004). Their the credibility of an Journal of Multilingual and
training techniques are based article, and at the Multicultural Development,
on the research described
same time be 23(4), 245-259.
above indicating that
comprehension improves with aware of the
exposure to non-native speech. source of the cited
Thomas, H. K. (2004). Training
information and to

Cooperation
Derwing et al. (2002) conducted
strategies for improving
their training with students

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be able to access listeners' comprehension of
preparing to be social workers, the sources by foreign-accented speech
but note that other
themselves (Doctoral dissertation).
professionals who work with
University of Colorado, Boulder.
non-native speakers could
benefit from a similar program.

Contribution
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